Results for 'Martin J. Wortman'

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  1. An Integrated Theory of Language Production and Comprehension.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):329-347.
    Currently, production and comprehension are regarded as quite distinct in accounts of language processing. In rejecting this dichotomy, we instead assert that producing and understanding are interwoven, and that this interweaving is what enables people to predict themselves and each other. We start by noting that production and comprehension are forms of action and action perception. We then consider the evidence for interweaving in action, action perception, and joint action, and explain such evidence in terms of prediction. Specifically, we assume (...)
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  2. Toward a Mechanistic Psychology of Dialogue.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):169-190.
    Traditional mechanistic accounts of language processing derive almost entirely from the study of monologue. Yet, the most natural and basic form of language use is dialogue. As a result, these accounts may only offer limited theories of the mechanisms that underlie language processing in general. We propose a mechanistic account of dialogue, the interactive alignment account, and use it to derive a number of predictions about basic language processes. The account assumes that, in dialogue, the linguistic representations employed by the (...)
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  3.  32
    The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory. Pierre Duhem, P. P. Wiener.Martin J. Klein - 1954 - Philosophy of Science 21 (4):354-355.
  4.  76
    Do People Use Language Production to Make Predictions During Comprehension?Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (3):105-110.
  5.  99
    Getting Ahead: Forward Models and Their Place in Cognitive Architecture.Martin J. Pickering & Andy Clark - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (9):451-456.
    The use of forward models is well established in cognitive and computational neuroscience. We compare and contrast two recent, but interestingly divergent, accounts of the place of forward models in the human cognitive architecture. On the Auxiliary Forward Model account, forward models are special-purpose prediction mechanisms implemented by additional circuitry distinct from core mechanisms of perception and action. On the Integral Forward Model account, forward models lie at the heart of all forms of perception and action. We compare these neighbouring (...)
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  6.  55
    The Emergence of a Visual Language for Geological Science 1760—1840.Martin J. S. Rudwick - 1976 - History of Science 14 (3):149-195.
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  7.  39
    Forward Models and Their Implications for Production, Comprehension, and Dialogue.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):377-392.
    Our target article proposed that language production and comprehension are interwoven, with speakers making predictions of their own utterances and comprehenders making predictions of other people's utterances at different linguistic levels. Here, we respond to comments about such issues as cognitive architecture and its neural basis, learning and development, monitoring, the nature of forward models, communicative intentions, and dialogue.
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  8.  32
    Martin Antike Rhetorik: Technik und Methode. Munich: C. H. Beck. 1974. Pp. xii + 420. DM 118.S. Usher & J. Martin - 1976 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 96:197-198.
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  9.  31
    Executive Compensation and Corporate Fraud in China.Martin J. Conyon & Lerong He - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (4):669-691.
    This study investigates the relation between CEO compensation and corporate fraud in China. We document a significantly negative correlation between CEO compensation and corporate fraud using data on publicly traded firms between 2005 and 2010. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that firms penalize CEOs for fraud by lowering their pay. We also find that CEO compensation is lower in firms that commit more severe frauds. Panel data fixed effects and propensity score methods are used to demonstrate these effects. (...)
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  10.  4
    Mechanical Explanation at the End of the Nineteenth Century.Martin J. Klein - 1973 - Centaurus 17 (1):58-82.
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  11.  11
    Martin J.S. Rudwick. The Great Devonian Controversy: The Shaping of Scientific Knowledge Among Gentlemanly Specialists. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1985. Pp. Xxxiii + 494. ISBN 0-226-73101-4. £36.75. [REVIEW]J. Morrell - 1987 - British Journal for the History of Science 20 (1):88-89.
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  12.  1
    Charles Darwin in London: The Integration of Public and Private Science.Martin J. S. Rudwick - 1982 - Isis 73 (2):186-206.
  13.  75
    Adam Smith, Aristotle, and the Virtues of Commerce.Martin J. Calkins & Patricia H. Werhane - 1998 - Journal of Value Inquiry 32 (1):43-60.
  14.  14
    Self-, Other-, and Joint Monitoring Using Forward Models.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  15.  53
    Syntactic Co-Ordination in Dialogue.Holly P. Branigan, Martin J. Pickering & Alexandra A. Cleland - 2000 - Cognition 75 (2):B13-B25.
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  16. The Interactive-Alignment Model: Developments and Refinements.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):212-225.
    The interactive-alignment model of dialogue provides an account of dialogue at the level of explanation normally associated with cognitive psychology. We develop our claim that interlocutors align their mental models via priming at many levels of linguistic representation, explicate our notion of automaticity, defend the minimal role of “other modeling,” and discuss the relationship between monologue and dialogue. The account can be applied to social and developmental psychology, and would benefit from computational modeling.
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  17.  78
    Why is Conversation so Easy?Simon Garrod & Martin J. Pickering - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (1):8-11.
  18.  65
    Anthropic Reasoning.Martin J. Rees - 1997 - Complexity 3 (1):17-21.
  19.  81
    The Smoking Penalty: Distributive Justice or Smokism?Martin J. Lecker - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (S1):47 - 64.
    This study addresses whether businesses discriminate against employees who smoke, which for the purposes of this study is called smokism. It began with a description of the employers' costs which led to the development of these smoking bans and examined several company policies as a result of these costs. The viewpoints from several perspectives toward these policies and their perceptions about smokers were also reviewed. This was followed by surveying the corporate smoking policies of 76 companies representing 287 employees in (...)
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  20.  57
    Joint Action, Interactive Alignment, and Dialog.Simon Garrod & Martin J. Pickering - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (2):292-304.
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  21. Anscombe on Expression of Intention : An Exegesis.Richard Moran & Martin J. Stone - 2011 - In Anton Ford, Jennifer Hornsby & Frederick Stoutland (eds.), Essays on Anscombe's Intention. Harvard University Press.
     
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  22.  7
    An Experimental Approach to Linguistic Representation.Holly P. Branigan & Martin J. Pickering - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
    Within the cognitive sciences, most researchers assume that it is the job of linguists to investigate how language is represented, and that they do so largely by building theories based on explicit judgments about patterns of acceptability – whereas it is the task of psychologists to determine how language is processed, and that in doing so, they do not typically question the linguists' representational assumptions. We challenge this division of labor by arguing that structural priming provides an implicit method of (...)
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  23. Anscombe on Expression of Intention.Richard Moran & Martin J. Stone - 2009 - In Constantine Sandis (ed.), New Essays on the Explanation of Action. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Of course in every act of this kind, there remains the possibility of putting this act into question – insofar as it refers to more distant, more essential ends.... For example the sentence which I write is the meaning of the letters I trace, but the whole work I wish to produce is the meaning of the sentence. And this work is a possibility in connection with which I can feel anguish; it is truly my possibility...tomorrow in relation to it (...)
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  24.  1
    Ethics in an Aging Society.Martin J. Gorbien - 1998 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 41 (3):452.
  25.  20
    Structural Priming and the Representation of Language.Holly P. Branigan & Martin J. Pickering - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  26.  95
    Syntactic Alignment and Participant Role in Dialogue.Holly P. Branigan, Martin J. Pickering, Janet F. McLean & Alexandra A. Cleland - 2007 - Cognition 104 (2):163-197.
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  27.  5
    Transfer of Route Learning From Virtual to Real Environments.Martin J. Farrell, Paul Arnold, Steve Pettifer, Jessica Adams, Tom Graham & Michael MacManamon - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 9 (4):219.
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  28. Mind-Life Continuity: A Qualitative Study of Conscious Experience.Inês Hipólito & J. Martins - 2017 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 131:432-444.
    There are two fundamental models to understanding the phenomenon of natural life. One is thecomputational model, which is based on the symbolic thinking paradigm. The other is the biologicalorganism model. The common difficulty attributed to these paradigms is that their reductive tools allowthe phenomenological aspects of experience to remain hidden behind yes/no responses (behavioraltests), or brain ‘pictures’ (neuroimaging). Hence, one of the problems regards how to overcome meth-odological difficulties towards a non-reductive investigation of conscious experience. It is our aim in (...)
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  29.  37
    Is Necessity Necessary?: J. A. MARTIN.J. A. Martin - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (3):329-334.
    Q: If necessity is the mother of invention, whence necessity? A. : The matrix of necessity in God-talk is religious experience, philosophically interpreted. The interpreters, theists and non-thesists, have indeed been inventive.
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  30.  21
    Aquinas and Kierkegaard on the Relation Between God and Creatures.Martin J. De Nys - 2001 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 75 (3):389-407.
  31.  16
    Introduction.Martin J. Burke - 2012 - Journal of the History of Ideas 73 (1):69-69.
    An introduction is presented to a special section on scholar Quentin Skinner and his article "Meaning and Understanding in the History of Ideas".
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  32.  95
    Order, Organisation and Entropy.Martin J. Klein - 1953 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 4 (14):158-160.
  33.  19
    The Use of Content and Timing to Predict Turn Transitions.Simon Garrod & Martin J. Pickering - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  34.  7
    Investigating Irrational Beliefs, Cognitive Appraisals, Challenge and Threat, and Affective States in Golfers Approaching Competitive Situations.Nanaki J. Chadha, Martin J. Turner & Matthew J. Slater - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  35.  4
    Reading Science: Critical and Functional Perspectives on Discourses of Science.J. R. Martin & Robert Veel (eds.) - 1998 - Routledge.
    _Reading Science_ looks at the distinctive language of science and technology and the role it plays in building up scientific understandings of the world. It brings together discourse analysis and critical theory for the first time in a single volume. This edited collection examines science discourse from a number of perspectives, drawing on new rhetoric, functional linguistics and critical theory. It explores this language in research and industrial contexts as well as in educational settings and in popular science writing and (...)
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  36.  5
    Speakers' Use of Agency and Visual Context in Spatial Descriptions.Alessia Tosi, Martin J. Pickering & Holly P. Branigan - 2020 - Cognition 194:104070.
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  37.  39
    Negotiating Values: Narrative and Exposition.J. R. Martin - 2008 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (1):41-55.
    In this paper I focus on the limits of narrative by asking what kinds of things narratives do, and what kinds of texts do related things in other ways. In particular I focus on how narrative genres organise time in relation to value, drawing on functional linguistic models of temporality and evaluation. From a linguistic perspective, the various narrative genres negotiate different kinds of solidarity with listeners, and so the limits of narrative materialise various possibilities for communing in a culture, (...)
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  38.  1
    Power and Morals.Martin J. Hillenbrand - 1950 - Philosophical Review 59 (4):549-552.
  39.  14
    The Role of Beliefs in Lexical Alignment: Evidence From Dialogs with Humans and Computers.Holly P. Branigan, Martin J. Pickering, Jamie Pearson, Janet F. McLean & Ash Brown - 2011 - Cognition 121 (1):41-57.
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  40.  8
    Paradigm Lost? A Review SymposiumBlack-Body Theory and the Quantum Discontinuity, 1894-1912. Thomas S. Kuhn.Martin J. Klein, Abner Shimony & Trevor J. Pinch - 1979 - Isis 70 (3):429-440.
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  41.  1
    Re/Reading the Past: Critical and Functional Perspectives on Time and Value.J. R. Martin & Ruth Wodak - 2003 - John Benjamins Publishing.
    "Re/reading the Past "is concerned with the discourses of history, from the complementary perspectives of Critical Discourse Analysis and Systemic Functional Linguistics. The papers in the book stress the discursive construction of the past, focussing on the different social narratives which compete for official acknowledgement. Issues of collective and cultural memory are addressed, reflecting the "linguistic turn" in the Social Sciences. The book covers a range of discourses, interpreting texts from popular culture to academic discourse including the construction and evaluation (...)
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  42.  11
    Conceptual History in the United States: A Missing National Project.Martin J. Burke - 2005 - Contributions to the History of Concepts 1 (2):127-144.
  43.  8
    Parsing.Martin J. Pickering - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
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  44.  12
    Eye Tracking of Self-Moved Targets: The Role of Efference.Martin J. Steinbach - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (2):366.
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  45.  16
    The Comprehension of Anomalous Sentences: Evidence From Structural Priming.Iva Ivanova, Martin J. Pickering, Holly P. Branigan, Janet F. McLean & Albert Costa - 2012 - Cognition 122 (2):193-209.
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  46.  11
    The Effect of Dispersed Phases Upon Dislocation Distributions in Plastically Deformed Copper Crystals.F. J. Humphreys & J. W. Martin - 1967 - Philosophical Magazine 16 (143):927-957.
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  47.  43
    Thinking About God: Some Fruits of Anglo-American Dialogue: J. A. MARTIN.J. A. Martin - 1977 - Religious Studies 13 (1):93-99.
  48.  49
    The Future of Empirical Theology: J. A. MARTIN, JR.J. A. Martin - 1972 - Religious Studies 8 (1):71-76.
  49.  38
    What Do We Study When We Study Religion?1: J. Arthur Martin.J. Arthur Martin - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (4):467-472.
    In ‘ The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy ’ Laurence Sterne writes: That of all the several ways of beginning a book which are now in practice throughout the known world, I am confident my own way of doing it is the best—I'm sure it is the most religious—for I begin with writing the first sentence—and trusting to Almighty God for the second.
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  50.  10
    Aristotle's Doctrine of the Universal: A Speculative Reconstruction of Text and Tradition.Martin J. Henn - 1999 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 13 (3):185 - 207.
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