Results for 'Matej Urbas'

104 found
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  1.  18
    Speedith: A Reasoner for Spider Diagrams.Matej Urbas, Mateja Jamnik & Gem Stapleton - 2015 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 24 (4):487-540.
    In this paper, we introduce Speedith which is an interactive diagrammatic theorem prover for the well-known language of spider diagrams. Speedith provides a way to input spider diagrams, transform them via the diagrammatic inference rules, and prove diagrammatic theorems. Speedith’s inference rules are sound and complete, extending previous research by including all the classical logic connectives. In addition to being a stand-alone proof system, Speedith is also designed as a program that plugs into existing general purpose theorem provers. This allows (...)
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  2.  28
    Dual-Intuitionistic Logic.Igor Urbas - 1996 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 37 (3):440-451.
    The sequent system LDJ is formulated using the same connectives as Gentzen's intuitionistic sequent system LJ, but is dual in the following sense: (i) whereas LJ is singular in the consequent, LDJ is singular in the antecedent; (ii) whereas LJ has the same sentential counter-theorems as classical LK but not the same theorems, LDJ has the same sentential theorems as LK but not the same counter-theorems. In particular, LDJ does not reject all contradictions and is accordingly paraconsistent. To obtain a (...)
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  3.  28
    Paraconsistency and the $\rm C$-Systems of da Costa.Igor Urbas - 1989 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 30 (4):583-597.
  4.  50
    Conspiracy Theories and Reasonable Pluralism.Matej Cíbik & Pavol Hardoš - forthcoming - European Journal of Political Theory:147488511989923.
    The popularity of conspiracy theories poses a clear challenge for contemporary liberal democracies. Conspiracy theories undermine rational debate, spread dangerous falsehoods and threaten social cohesion. However, any possible public policy response, which would try to contain their spread, needs to respect the liberal commitment to protect pluralism and free speech. A successful justification of such a policy must therefore: 1) clearly identify the problematic class of conspiracy theories; and 2) clarify the grounds on which the state is justified in acting (...)
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  5.  22
    On the Immorality of Tattoos.Matej Cíbik - 2020 - The Journal of Ethics 24 (2):193-206.
    Tattoos are widely regarded as morally neutral, and the decision to have them as carrying no ethical implications. The aim of this paper is to question this assumption. I argue that decisions to have tattoos involve risks that are not merely prudential—they are normative. The argument starts with a thesis that the power we presently have over our lives is constrained by the need to respect our future selves. If we make a discretionary choice that disregards our future interests and (...)
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  6. What is Morphological Computation? On How the Body Contributes to Cognition and Control.Vincent C. Müller & Matej Hoffmann - 2017 - Artificial Life 23 (1):1-24.
    The contribution of the body to cognition and control in natural and artificial agents is increasingly described as “off-loading computation from the brain to the body”, where the body is said to perform “morphological computation”. Our investigation of four characteristic cases of morphological computation in animals and robots shows that the ‘off-loading’ perspective is misleading. Actually, the contribution of body morphology to cognition and control is rarely computational, in any useful sense of the word. We thus distinguish (1) morphology that (...)
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  7. Simple or Complex Bodies? Trade-Offs in Exploiting Body Morphology for Control.Matej Hoffmann & Vincent C. Müller - 2017 - In Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic & Raffaela Giovagnoli (eds.), Representation of Reality: Humans, Other Living Organisms and Intelligent Machines. Berlin: Springer. pp. 335-345.
    Engineers fine-tune the design of robot bodies for control purposes, however, a methodology or set of tools is largely absent, and optimization of morphology (shape, material properties of robot bodies, etc.) is lagging behind the development of controllers. This has become even more prominent with the advent of compliant, deformable or ”soft” bodies. These carry substantial potential regarding their exploitation for control—sometimes referred to as ”morphological computation”. In this article, we briefly review different notions of computation by physical systems and (...)
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  8. Meaning-Constitutive Inferences.Matej Drobňák - 2017 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 24 (1):85-104.
    ABSTRACT: A traditional objection to inferentialism states that not all inferences can be meaning-constitutive and therefore inferentialism has to comprise an analytic-synthetic distinction. As a response, Peregrin argues that meaning is a matter of inferential rules and only the subset of all the valid inferences for which there is a widely shared corrective behaviour corresponds to rules and so determines meaning. Unfortunately, Peregrin does not discuss what counts as “widely shared”. In the paper, I argue for an empirical plausibility of (...)
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  9.  17
    Inferentialism on Meaning, Content, and Context.Matej Drobňák - 2020 - Acta Analytica 35 (1):35-50.
    In this paper, I show how normative inferentialism could be used to explain several phenomena related to natural languages. First, I show how the distinction between the inferential potential and the inferential significance fits the standard distinction between the meaning of a sentence and the content of an utterance. Second, I show how the distinction could be used to explain ambiguity and free pragmatic enrichment from the perspective of normative inferentialism. The aim of this paper is to establish theoretical foundations (...)
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  10.  28
    Expectations and Obligations.Matej Cibik - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (5):1079-1090.
    Ever since the publication of Scanlon’s Promises and Practices and What We Owe to Each Other, expectations have become an important topic within discussions on promises. However, confining the role of expectations to promises does not do justice to their importance in creating obligations more generally. This paper argues that expectations are one of the major sources of obligations created within our personal relationships. What we owe to our friends, partners, or siblings very often follows neither from the duties associated (...)
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  11.  53
    On the Interpretation of the Relativistic Quantum Mechanics with Invariant Evolution Parameter.Matej Pavšič - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (9):1005-1019.
    The relativistic quantum mechanics with Lorentz-invariant evolution parameter and indefinite mass is a very elegant theory. But it cannot be derived by quantizing the usual classical relativity in which there is the mass-shell constraint. In this paper the classical theory is modified so that it remains Lorentz invariant, but the constraint disappears; mass is no longer fixed—it is an arbitrary constant of motion. The quantization of this unconstrained theory gives the relativistic quantum mechanics in which wave functions are localized and (...)
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  12.  64
    Clifford Space as the Arena for Physics.Matej Pavšsič - 2003 - Foundations of Physics 33 (9):1277-1306.
    A new theory is considered according to which extended objects in n-dimensional space are described in terms of multivector coordinates which are interpreted as generalizing the concept of center of mass coordinates. While the usual center of mass is a point, by generalizing the latter concept, we associate with every extended object a set of r-loops, r=0,1,...,n−1, enclosing oriented (r+1)-dimensional surfaces represented by Clifford numbers called (r+1)-vectors or multivectors. Superpositions of multivectors are called polyvectors or Clifford aggregates and they are (...)
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  13.  53
    Paraconsistency.Igor Urbas - 1990 - Studies in East European Thought 39 (3-4):343-354.
  14.  10
    Paraconsistency.Igor Urbas - 1990 - Studies in Soviet Thought 39 (3-4):343-354.
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  15.  72
    On the Resolution of Time Problem in Quantum Gravity Induced From Unconstrained Membranes.Matej Pavšič - 1996 - Foundations of Physics 26 (2):159-195.
    The relativistic theory of unconstrained p-dimensional membranes (p-branes) is further developed and then applied to the embedding model of induced gravity. Space-time is considered as a 4-dimensional unconstrained membrane evolving in an N-dimensional embedding space. The parameter of evolution or the evolution time τ is a distinct concept from the coordinate time t=x0. Quantization of the theory is also discussed. A covariant functional Schrödinger equation has a solution for the wave functional such that it is sharply localized in a certain (...)
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  16.  39
    What Managers Could See in the Philosophical Block of “Free Will”?Matej Drascek & Stane Maticic - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (1):1-14.
    Business ethics’ theories have come under a lot of criticism lately. The problem has been the lack of a philosophical base or the inadequate implementation of it. We are trying to solve this problem by examining the roots of ethics and then applying it to the business environment. The root that has been undeservedly overlooked has been the concept of free will, the oldest philosophical problem on which every ethics theory lies. We have chosen two theories that we think would (...)
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  17.  81
    Clifford-Algebra Based Polydimensional Relativity and Relativistic Dynamics.Matej Pavšič - 2001 - Foundations of Physics 31 (8):1185-1209.
    Starting from the geometric calculus based on Clifford algebra, the idea that physical quantities are Clifford aggregates (“polyvectors”) is explored. A generalized point particle action (“polyvector action”) is proposed. It is shown that the polyvector action, because of the presence of a scalar (more precisely a pseudoscalar) variable, can be reduced to the well known, unconstrained, Stueckelberg action which involves an invariant evolution parameter. It is pointed out that, starting from a different direction, DeWitt and Rovelli postulated the existence of (...)
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  18.  60
    The Embedding Model of Induced Gravity with Bosonic Sources.Matej Pavšic - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (11):1495-1518.
    We consider a theory in which spacetime is a 4-dimensional manifold V4 embedded in an N-dimensional space VN. The dynamics is given by a first-order action which is a straightforward generalization of the well-known Nambu-Gotto string action. Instead of the latter action we then consider an equivalent action, a generalization of the Howe-Tucker action, which is a functional of the (extrinsic) embedding variables ηa(x) and of the (intrinsic) induced metric gυv (x) on V4. In the quantized theory we can define (...)
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  19.  5
    Cognitive Systems of Human and Non-Human Animals: At the Crossroads of Phenomenology, Ethology and Biosemiotics.Filip Jaroš & Matěj Pudil - 2020 - Biosemiotics 13 (2):155-177.
    The article aims to provide a general framework for assessing and categorizing the cognitive systems of human and non-human animals. Our approach stems from biosemiotic, ethological, and phenomenological investigations into the relations of organisms to one another and to their environment. Building on the analyses of Merleau-Ponty and Portmann, organismal bodies and surfaces are distinguished as the base for sign production and interpretation. Following the concept of modelling systems by Sebeok, we develop a concentric model of human and non-human animal (...)
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  20.  48
    Clifford Space as a Generalization of Spacetime: Prospects for QFT of Point Particles and Strings. [REVIEW]Matej Pavšič - 2005 - Foundations of Physics 35 (9):1617-1642.
    The idea that spacetime has to be replaced by Clifford space (C-space) is explored. Quantum field theory (QFT) and string theory are generalized to C-space. It is shown how one can solve the cosmological constant problem and formulate string theory without central terms in the Virasoro algebra by exploiting the peculiar pseudo-Euclidean signature of C-space and the Jackiw definition of the vacuum state. As an introduction into the subject, a toy model of the harmonic oscillator in pseudo-Euclidean space is studied.
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  21.  17
    Hjumovska teorija motivacije: u obranu dogme.Matej Sušnik - 2012 - Prolegomena 11 (1):83-105.
    Prema hjumovskoj teoriji motivacije, motivacijski se proces sastoji od dva međusobno nezavisna mentalna stanja , što znači da subjekt ne može biti u potpunosti motiviran na djelovanje ako mu jedno od tih stanja nedostaje. U prvom dijelu članka prikazujem središnja obilježja ove teorije, a potom pokazujem da prihvaćanje Humeove distinkcije između divljih i tihih strasti može biti vrlo koristan alat za obranu ovog modela od nekih standardnih prigovora.
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  22.  18
    Relativisticp-Branes Without Constraints and Their Relation to the Wiggly Extended Objects.Matej Pavsc - 1995 - Foundations of Physics 25 (6):819-832.
    The invariant evolution parameter τ is often used in the formulation of a so-called unconstrained relativistic quantum theoryof a point particle. Such a theory is very elegant, and contains the usual Klein-Gordon or the Dirac particle as a special case. In the present paper we extend the unconstrained theory to describe a continuous set of point particles forming a string or, in general, a membrane of arbitrary dimension p.The action of this system is not invariant with respect to reparametrizations of (...)
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  23.  30
    Naturalistički moralni realizam.Matej Susnik - 2005 - Prolegomena 4 (2):201-217.
    Predmet ovog rada je vjerojatno najutjecajnija verzija moralnog realizma, poznata kao “moralni realizam naturalizam”. Nakon što predložim formulaciju za koju smatram da najpotpunije opisuje poziciju moralnog realizma, raspravljam o tome je li moguće provesti aposteriornu identifikaciju moralnih i prirodnih svojstava. U drugom dijelu nastojim pokazati da moralni realisti naturalisti ne uspijevaju izbjeći poznatom Mackievu “argumentu iz čudnosti” . Na kraju raspravljam o tome mogu li realisti naturalisti moralnim svojstvima pripisati eksplanatornu moć.The subject of this paper is probably the most influential (...)
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  24.  20
    A Note on “Carnot's Logic”.Igor Urbas - 1994 - Bulletin of the Section of Logic 23 (3).
  25.  5
    Paraconsistent Classical Logic.Richard Sylvan & Igor Urbas - 1993 - Logique Et Analyse 141 (142):3-24.
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  26.  52
    Theorizing Sovereignty and European Integration.Matej Avbelj - 2014 - Ratio Juris 27 (3):344-363.
    This article examines the relationship between the concept of sovereignty and the process of European integration. It is argued that the nature of this relationship has been both mutually informative and transformative. As a particular understanding of sovereignty has influenced and determined the perception of European integration, i.e., its conceptualization, so the process of European integration has reflected back on sovereignty and entailed its rethinking. This poses a particular challenge for legal theorists: how to pin down the meaning of sovereignty (...)
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  27. Epistemology and its Time.Matej Azman - 2008 - Filozofski Vestnik 29 (3):7 - +.
     
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  28.  12
    Discourse of the Postgeneration: Remembrance and Identity of the Descendants of the Perpetrators and the Victims of the Holocaust.Julija Matejic - 2012 - Filozofija I Društvo 23 (3):78-90.
    By analyzing the role of the family in the process of inter/transgenerational inheritance of trauma and memory, the paper is an attempt at providing an answer to how the un-experienced past affects the lives of the descendants of the direct perpetrators and victims of the Holocaust, or rather, how it affects the identity forming of the so-called postgeneration. As the temporal distance from the Second World War increases, and as the number of those with immediate experiences and memories decreases, the (...)
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  29.  8
    Diskurs Postgeneracije. Sećanje I Identitet Potomaka Počinilaca I Žrtava Holokausta.Julija Matejić - 2012 - Filozofija I Društvo 23 (3):78-90.
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  30.  2
    On Subsystems of the System J1 of Arruda and Da Costa.Igor Urbas - 1990 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 36 (2):95-106.
  31.  7
    Životopis Stjepana Segedinca Prema Matiji Škarici.Matej Škarica - 2012 - Kairos: Evangelical Journal of Theology 6 (1):127-161.
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  32.  9
    Looking for an Acheulean Hand-Axe in Messy Knowledge.Matej Vakula - 2018 - Technoetic Arts 16 (3):285-294.
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  33. On the Role of Science in Deleuze.Matej T. Vatovec - 2012 - Filozofski Vestnik 33 (3).
     
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  34.  22
    Conservative Extension in Relevant Arithmetic.Robert K. Meyer & Igor Urbas - 1986 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 32 (1-5):45-50.
  35.  58
    Freedom to Choose Between Good and Evil: Theological Anthropology in Discussion with Philosophy.Matej Kováčik - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 12 (4):95-115.
    After a brief discussion of the terms determinism and free will, the paper sets out to compare some recent philosophical approaches to the problem of free will with a theological anthropology account of the notion. It aims to defend the claim, that even though different kind of questions are asked on both sides, they tackle similar issues and a complementary approach is needed. Recent philosophy considers the problem mostly from the standpoint of logic, naturalist evolutionary ontology and cognitive science. In (...)
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  36.  9
    Conservative Extension in Relevant Arithmetic.Robert K. Meyer & Igor Urbas - 1986 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 32 (1‐5):45-50.
  37. Implications of Action-Oriented Paradigm Shifts in Cognitive Science.Peter F. Dominey, Tony J. Prescott, Jeannette Bohg, Andreas K. Engel, Shaun Gallagher, Tobias Heed, Matej Hoffmann, Gunther Knoblich, Wolfgang Prinz & Andrew Schwartz - 2016 - In Andreas K. Engel, Karl J. Friston & Danica Kragic (eds.), The Pragmatic Turn: Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science. MIT Press. pp. 333-356.
    An action-oriented perspective changes the role of an individual from a passive observer to an actively engaged agent interacting in a closed loop with the world as well as with others. Cognition exists to serve action within a landscape that contains both. This chapter surveys this landscape and addresses the status of the pragmatic turn. Its potential influence on science and the study of cognition are considered (including perception, social cognition, social interaction, sensorimotor entrainment, and language acquisition) and its impact (...)
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  38.  2
    The Impact of Response Instruction and Target Group on the BIAS Map.Andrej Findor, Barbara Lášticová, Matej Hruška, Miroslav Popper & Luca Váradi - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  39.  27
    Emerson's Metaphysics: A Song of Laws and Causes.Joseph Urbas - 2016 - Lexington Books.
    This book gives the first complete, fully historicized account of Emerson's metaphysics of cause and effect and its foundational position in his philosophy as a whole. Joseph Urbas proposes an intellectual biography of Emerson the metaphysician but also the life-story of a concept synonymous, in the Transcendentalist period, with life itself—the story of the principle at the origin of all being and change.
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  40.  5
    Kant a Rawls O neutralite liberálneho štátu.Matej Cíbik - 2011 - Filozofia 66 (5).
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  41. Rawlsian Constructivism and the Conception of Human Rights by Ladislav Hejdánek.Matej Cíbik - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (1-2):41-48.
    In spite of the iron curtain looming large between western academics and their (often politically persecuted and institutionally detached) colleagues in the eastern bloc, some intellectual developments bear striking similarities. This paper analyses one of them: the conception of human rights by Ladislav Hejdánek as opposed to Kantian constructivism, which was developed in the “west” by John Rawls and others. Both Rawls and Hejdánek, who was one of the philosophical heavyweights of Czech dissent, are moved by very similar concerns: the (...)
     
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  42. Kant and Rawls on the Neutrality of a Liberal State.Matej Cibik - 2011 - Filozofia 66 (5):481-485.
    The conflict between perfectionism and the neutrality of a liberal state is one of the burning issues of contemporary liberalism and political philosophy as a whole. The paper examines the roots of the perfectionist as well as neutralistic thinking, which are found in the philosophies of Immaneul Kant and John Rawls respectively. Through the reconsideration of the latter the character of the conflict can also be redefined. The aim of the paper is to show the basic difference between the above (...)
     
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  43.  44
    Formulation of a Relativistic Theory Without Constraints.Matej Pavšič - 1998 - Foundations of Physics 28 (9):1443-1451.
    A relativistic, i.e., Lorentz co-variant theory without constraints is formulated. This is possible if we allow the dynamical variables to depend on an invariant parameter τ. Thus we obtain a dynamical theory in spacetime, called relativistic dynamics. First the case of a point particle, and then of extended objects such as membranes of arbitrary dimensions are considered.
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  44.  51
    Parametrized Field Theory.Matej Pavšič - 1998 - Foundations of Physics 28 (9):1453-1464.
    A theory is presented in which a field depends not only on spacetime coordinates xμ, but also on a Lorentz-invariant parameter τ. Such a theory is conceptually and technically simple and manifestly covariant at every step. The generator of evolution and the generator of spacetime translations and Lorentz transformations are obtained in a straightforward way. In the quantized theory the Heisenberg equation of motion is written in a covariant form and is equivalent to the field equation. The equal τ commutator (...)
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  45.  29
    Quantum Gravity Induced From Unconstrained Membranes.Matej Pavšič - 1998 - Foundations of Physics 28 (9):1465-1477.
    The theory of unconstrained membranes of arbitrary dimension is presented. Their relativistic dynamics is described by an action which is a generalization of the Stueckelberg point-particle action. In the quantum version of the theory, the evolution of a membrane's state is governed by the relativistic Schrödinger equation. Particular stationary solutions correspond to the conventional, constrained membranes. Contrary to the usual practice, our spacetime is identified, not with the embedding space (which brings the problem of compactification), but with a membrane of (...)
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  46.  18
    Rigid Particle and its Spin Revisited.Matej Pavšič - 2007 - Foundations of Physics 37 (1):40-79.
    The arguments by Pandres that the double valued spherical harmonics provide a basis for the irreducible spinor representation of the three dimensional rotation group are further developed and justified. The usual arguments against the inadmissibility of such functions, concerning hermiticity, orthogonality, behaviour under rotations, etc., are all shown to be related to the unsuitable choice of functions representing the states with opposite projections of angular momentum. By a correct choice of functions and definition of inner product those difficulties do not (...)
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  47.  7
    Mindfulness – The Missing Link in the Relationship Between Leader–Follower Strategic Optimism Match and Work Engagement.Aldijana Bunjak & Matej Černe - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  48.  7
    Le realisme critique et au-delà. La dialectique de Roy Bhaskar.Alex Callinicos & Joseph Urbas - 1994 - Actuel Marx 16 (2):171.
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  49. Adapt or Exchange: Making Changes Within or Between Contexts in a Modular Plant Scenario.Romy Müller & Leon Urbas - forthcoming - Journal of Dynamic Decision Making:1-1.
    Most psychological studies investigating the balance between stability and flexibility in decision making use specific restrictions in their scenarios. These restrictions are likely to affect decision process, and it is unclear which of the findings can be transferred to more naturalistic decision contexts that call for a balance between stability and flexibility. Therefore, the present study used a scenario that is inspired by the problem structure found in a particular domain: Adapt/Exchange decisions in modular chemical plants. In this setting, we (...)
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  50.  5
    Eliminativní Materialismus, Lidová Psychologie a Jazyk Myšlení.Matěj Dražil - 2020 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 42 (2):253-284.
    The article provides an analysis of Paul and Patricia Churchland’s eliminative materialism. I will distinguish two lines of argument in their eliminativism: one seeking to eliminate folk psychology and the second criticising Jerry Fodor’s language of thought hypothesis. Then I will closely examine the second line of argument, and show that it represents the main motive of Churchland’s work since the end of 1980s and demonstrate why the success of the argument against the language of thought hypothesis does not constitute (...)
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