Results for 'P. Stott'

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  1. Holocene Sea Surface Temperature Trends in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean.Athanasios Koutavas, Julian P. Sachs, Lowell D. Stott & Jean Lynch-Stieglitz - forthcoming - Laguna:18252-3.
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  2.  14
    Demagnetization of Igneous Rocks by Alternating Magnetic Fields.E. Irving, P. M. Stott & M. A. Ward - 1961 - Philosophical Magazine 6 (62):225-241.
  3.  37
    Prospect Relativity: How Choice Options Influence Decision Under Risk.Neil Stewart, Nick Chater, Henry P. Stott & Stian Reimers - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (1):23.
  4.  81
    Financial Interests of Authors in Scientific Journals: A Pilot Study of 14 Publications.Sheldon Krimsky, L. S. Rothenberg, P. Stott & G. Kyle - 1996 - Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (4):395-410.
    Disclosure of financial interests in scientific research is the centerpiece of the new conflict of interest regulations issued by the U.S. Public Health Service and the National Science Foundation that became effective October 1, 1995. Several scientific journals have also established financial disclosure requirements for contributors. This paper measures the frequency of selected financial interests held among authors of certain types of scientific publications and assesses disclosure practices of authors. We examined 1105 university authors (first and last cited) from Massachusetts (...)
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  5. FWJ Schelling, The Philosophy of Art. Trans. Douglas W. Stott. Foreword David Simpson Reviewed By.Joseph P. Lawrence - 1990 - Philosophy in Review 10 (5):201-204.
     
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  6. Notes and Memoranda.Sir Hubert Ranee, Dr Jw Slaughter, Mr Dh Stott, Dr Pk Whelpton, Dr Rc Wolfinden, Dr F. Yates, Charles Arden-Close, E. W. Barnes, Cecil Binney & C. P. Blacker - 1951 - Eugenics Review 42:239.
     
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  7.  14
    Delinquency and the Education of SocietyDelinquent BoysThe Young DelinquentReport of the Committee on Maladjusted ChildrenMaternal Care and Mental HealthDelinquency and Human NatureUnsettled Children and Their FamiliesJourney Into a FogSome Young PeopleSeduction of the Innocent.E. A. Peel, A. K. Cohen, Cyril Burt, Ministry of Education, J. Bowlby, D. H. Stott, D. F. Stott, M. Berger-Hamerschlag, P. Jephcott & F. Wertham - 1957 - British Journal of Educational Studies 6 (1):76.
  8.  51
    Omnipotence: P. T. Geach.P. T. Geach - 1973 - Philosophy 48 (183):7-20.
    It is fortunate for my purposes that English has the two words ‘almighty’ and ‘omnipotent’, and that apart from any stipulation by me the words have rather different associations and suggestions. ‘Almighty’ is the familiar word that comes in the creeds of the Church; ‘omnipotent’ is at home rather in formal theological discussions and controversies, e.g. about miracles and about the problem of evil. ‘Almighty’ derives by way of Latin ‘omnipotens’ from the Greek word ‘ pantokratōr ’; and both this (...)
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  9.  63
    Understanding the Intentions Behind the Referential/Attributive Distinction.Megan Henricks Stotts - 2017 - Erkenntnis 82 (2):351-362.
    In his recently published John Locke Lectures, Saul Kripke attempts to capture Keith Donnellan’s referential/attributive distinction for definite descriptions using a distinction between general and specific intentions. I argue that although Kripke’s own way of capturing the referential/attributive distinction is inadequate, we can use general and specific intentions to successfully capture the distinction if we also distinguish between primary and secondary intentions. An attributive use is characterized by the fact that the general intention is either the primary or only designative (...)
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  10.  47
    Walking the Tightrope: Unrecognized Conventions and Arbitrariness.Megan Henricks Stotts - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (8):867-887.
    Unrecognized conventions—practices that are conventional even though their participants do not recognize them as such—play central roles in shaping our lives. They range from the indispensable (e.g. unrecognized linguistic conventions) to the insidious (e.g. some of our gender conventions). Unrecognized conventions pose a challenge for accounts of conventions because it is difficult to incorporate the distinctive arbitrariness of conventions—the fact that conventions always have alternatives—without accidentally excluding many unrecognized conventions. I develop an Accessibility Requirement that allows us to account for (...)
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  11.  13
    Better P-Curves: Making P-Curve Analysis More Robust to Errors, Fraud, and Ambitious P-Hacking, a Reply to Ulrich and Miller.Uri Simonsohn, Joseph P. Simmons & Leif D. Nelson - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (6):1146-1152.
  12.  77
    The Philosophy of P.F. Strawson.P. F. Strawson, Pranab Kumar Sen & Roop Rekha Verma (eds.) - 1995 - Allied Publishers.
    Festschrift honoring P.F. Strawson; includes contributed articles on his contributions in logic and on logic.
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  13.  27
    P-Curve: A Key to the File-Drawer.Uri Simonsohn, Leif D. Nelson & Joseph P. Simmons - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):534-547.
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  14.  9
    F. P. Ramsey: Philosophical Papers.F. P. Ramsey - 1990 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    A compilation of all previously published writings on philosophy and the foundations of mathematics from the greatest of the generation of Cambridge scholars that included G.E. Moore, Bertrand Russell, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Maynard Keynes.
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  15.  47
    Working Together: Critical Perspectives on Six Cross-Sector Partnerships in Southern Africa.Melanie Rein & Leda Stott - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (S1):79 - 89.
    This paper examines six cross-sector partnerships in South Africa and Zambia. These partnerships were part of a research study undertaken between 2003 and 2005 and were selected because of their potential to contribute to poverty reduction in their respective countries. This paper examines the context in which the partnerships were established, their governance and accountability mechanisms and the engagement and participation of the partners and the intended beneficiaries in the partnerships. We argue that a partnership approach which has proven successful (...)
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  16.  31
    Events, Ontology and Grammar: P. M. S. Hacker.P. M. S. Hacker - 1982 - Philosophy 57 (222):477-486.
    In recent years philosophers have given much attention to the ‘ontological problem’ of events. Donald Davidson puts the matter thus: ‘the assumption, ontological and metaphysical, that there are events is one without which we cannot make sense of much of our common talk; or so, at any rate, I have been arguing. I do not know of any better, or further, way of showing what there is’. It might be thought bizarre to assign to philosophers the task of ‘showing what (...)
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  17. Epistemic Evaluations: Consequences, Costs and Benefits.Peter J. Graham, Megan Stotts, Zachary Bachman & Meredith McFadden - 2015 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 4 (4):7-13.
  18. Truthmakers, Realism and Ontology1: Ross P. Cameron.Ross P. Cameron - 2008 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 62:107-128.
    Together, these entail that for every true proposition p, there exists some thing which could not exist and p be false.
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  19. Philosophy: A Contribution, Not to Human Knowledge, but to Human Understanding: P. M. S. Hacker.P. M. S. Hacker - 2009 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 65:129-153.
    Throughout its history philosophy has been thought to be a member of a community of intellectual disciplines united by their common pursuit of knowledge. It has sometimes been thought to be the queen of the sciences, at other times merely their under-labourer. But irrespective of its social status, it was held to be a participant in the quest for knowledge – a cognitive discipline.
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  20.  36
    Personal Identity and Brain Transplants: P. F. Snowdon.P. F. Snowdon - 1991 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 29:109-126.
    My topic is personal identity, or rather, our identity. There is general, but not, of course, unanimous, agreement that it is wrong to give an account of what is involved in, and essential to, our persistence over time which requires the existence of immaterial entities, but, it seems to me, there is no consensus about how, within, what might be called this naturalistic framework, we should best procede. This lack of consensus, no doubt, reflects the difficulty, which must strike anyone (...)
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  21.  18
    Haüy and A.-P. Candolle: Crystallography, Botanical Systematics, and Comparative Morphology, 1780-1840. [REVIEW]P. F. Stevens - 1984 - Journal of the History of Biology 17 (1):49 - 82.
  22.  36
    Solution to the P − W Problem.E. P. Martin & R. K. Meyer - 1982 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (4):869-887.
  23.  32
    P. V. Kane's Homeric Nod.Arvind Sharma & P. V. Kane - 1999 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 119 (3):478-479.
  24.  73
    Toward a Sharp Semantics/Pragmatics Distinction.Megan Henricks Stotts - 2020 - Synthese 197 (1):185–208.
    The semantics/pragmatics distinction was once considered central to the philosophy of language, but recently the distinction’s viability and importance have been challenged. In opposition to the growing movement away from the distinction, I argue that we really do need it, and that we can draw the distinction sharply if we draw it in terms of the distinction between non-mental and mental phenomena. On my view, semantic facts arise from context-independent meaning, compositional rules, and non-mental elements of context, whereas pragmatic facts (...)
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  25.  11
    P. K. Feyerabend: The Tyranny of Science.Darrell P. Rowbottom - 2013 - Science & Education 22 (5):1229-1231.
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  26.  98
    Why Omissions Are Special: A. P. Simester.A. P. Simester - 1995 - Legal Theory 1 (3):311-335.
    The criminal law presently distinguishes between actions and omissions, and only rarely proscribes failures to avert consequences that it would be an offense to bring about. Why? In recent years it has been persuasively argued by both Glover and Bennett that, celeris paribus, omissions to prevent a harm are just as culpable as are actions which bring that harm about. On the other hand, and acknowledging that hitherto “lawyers have not been very successful in finding a rationale for it,” Tony (...)
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  27. The Philosophy of P. F. Strawson.Anne L. Bezuidenhout, L. E. Hahn & P. F. Strawson - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (3):460.
    This is the twenty-sixth volume in the Library of Living Philosophers, a series founded by Paul A. Schilpp in 1939 and edited by him until 1981, when the editorship was taken over by Lewis E. Hahn. This volume follows the design of previous volumes. As Schilpp conceived this series, every volume would have the following elements: an intellectual autobiography of the philosopher, a series of expository and critical articles written by exponents and opponents of the philosopher's thought, replies to these (...)
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  28. God Exists at Every World: Response to Sheehy: ROSS P. CAMERON.Ross P. Cameron - 2009 - Religious Studies 45 (1):95-100.
    Paul Sheehy has argued that the modal realist cannot satisfactorily allow for the necessity of God's existence. In this short paper I show that she can, and that Sheehy only sees a problem because he has failed to appreciate all the resources available to the modal realist. God may be an abstract existent outside spacetime or He may not be: but either way, there is no problem for the modal realist to admit that He exists at every concrete possible world.
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  29.  60
    Compromise: J. P. Day.J. P. Day - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (250):471-485.
    Human conflict and its resolution is obviously a subject of great practical importance. Equally obviously, it is a vast subject, ranging from total war at one end of the spectrum to negotiated settlement at its other end. The literature on the subject is correspondingly vast and, in recent times, technical, thanks to the valuable contributions made to it by game theorists, economists, and writers on industrial and international relations. In this essay, however, I shall discuss only one familiar form of (...)
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  30.  27
    On Teaching Logic: P. T. Geach.P. T. Geach - 1979 - Philosophy 54 (207):5-17.
    In medieval writers an important distinction was drawn between two applications of the term ‘ logica ’: there was logica utens , the practice of thinking logically about this or that subject-matter, and there was logica docens , the construction of logical theory. Of course the English word ‘logic’ and its derivative ‘logical’ have a corresponding twofold meaning, and we ignore the distinction at the risk of serious confusion. ‘Logical thought’ may mean thinking that is being commended as orderly, consistent, (...)
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  31.  94
    Taking Utilitarianism Seriously: P. J. Kelly.P. J. Kelly - 1996 - Utilitas 8 (3):341-355.
    With a book as wide ranging and insightful as Barry's Justice as Impartiality, it is perhaps a little churlish to criticize it for paying insufficient attention to one's own particular interests. That said, in what follows I am going to do just that and claim that in an important sense Barry does not take utilitarianism seriously. Utilitarianism does receive some discussion in Barry's book, and in an important section which I will discuss he even appears to concede that utilitarianism provides (...)
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  32.  34
    Omniprescient Agency: DAVID P. HUNT.David P. Hunt - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (3):351-369.
    The principle that One cannot deliberate over what one already knows is going to happen, when suitably qualified, has seemed to many philosophers to be about as secure a truth as one is likely to find in this life.Fortunately, poses little restriction on human deliberation, since the conditions which would trigger its prohibition seldom arise for us: our knowledge of the future is intermittent at best, and those things of which we do have advance knowledge are not the sorts of (...)
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  33. Utilitarianism and Distributive Justice: The Civil Law and the Foundations of Bentham's Economic Thought*: P. J. Kelly.P. J. Kelly - 1989 - Utilitas 1 (1):62-81.
    Between 1787, and the end of his life in 1832, Bentham turned his attention to the development and application of economic ideas and principles within the general structure of his legislative project. For seventeen years this interest was manifested through a number of books and pamphlets, most of which remained in manuscript form, that develop a distinctive approach to economic questions. Although Bentham was influenced by Adam Smith's An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, he (...)
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  34.  18
    (A. P.) Burnett Three Archaic Poets: Archilochus, Alcaeus, Sappho. London: Duckworth. 1983. Pp. Viii + 320. £24.00.E. L. Bowie & A. P. Burnett - 1986 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 106:221-222.
  35. Hume, Malebranche and ‘Rationalism’: P. J. E. Kail.P. J. E. Kail - 2008 - Philosophy 83 (3):311-332.
    Traditionally Hume is seen as offering an ‘empiricist’ critique of ‘rationalism’. This view is often illustrated – or rejected – by comparing Hume's views with those of Descartes'. However the textual evidence shows that Hume's most sustained engagement with a canonical ‘rationalist’ is with Nicolas Malebranche. The author shows that the fundamental differences between the two on the self and causal power do indeed rest on a principled distinction between ‘rationalism’ and ‘empiricism’, and that there is some truth in the (...)
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  36.  23
    The Healing Arts: An Oxford Illustrated Anthology: Edited by R S Downie Oxford Oxford University Press, 2000.N. C. F. Stott - 2001 - Medical Humanities 27 (2):109-110.
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  37.  42
    Does God Have Beliefs?: WILLIAM P. ALSTON.William P. Alston - 1986 - Religious Studies 22 (3-4):287-306.
    Beliefs are freely attributed to God nowadays in Anglo–American philosophical theology. This practice undoubtedly reflects the twentieth–century popularity of the view that knowledge consists of true justified belief . The connection is frequently made explicit. If knowledge is true justified belief then whatever God knows He believes. It would seem that much recent talk of divine beliefs stems from Nelson Pike's widely discussed article, ‘Divine Omniscience and Voluntary Action’. In this essay Pike develops a version of the classic argument for (...)
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  38.  38
    Malcolm on Language and Rules: G. P. Baker and P. M. S. Hacker.G. P. Baker - 1990 - Philosophy 65 (252):167-179.
    In ‘Wittgenstein on Language and Rules’, Professor N. Malcolm took us to task for misinterpreting Wittgenstein's arguments on the relationship between the concept of following a rule and the concept of community agreement on what counts as following a given rule. Not that we denied that there are any grammatical connections between these concepts. On the contrary, we emphasized that a rule and an act in accord with it make contact in language. Moreover we argued that agreement in judgments and (...)
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  39. Denis, P. St., 29 Ferreira, F., 165 Foulks, F., 235 Fuhrmann, A., 559 Guelev, DP, 575.L. Åqvist, R. Bradley, D. S. Bridges, B. Brown, D. DeVidi, C. Oakes, M. Pagnucco, G. Priest & P. la ReedRoeper - 1999 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 28 (663).
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  40.  8
    Theory of Electrochemical Effects in Alloys.C. H. Hodges & M. J. Stott - 1972 - Philosophical Magazine 26 (2):375-392.
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  41. Perspectives on the Philosophy of William P. Alston.William P. Alston, Carl Ginet, Alvin I. Goldman, John Greco, George I. Mavrodes, Philip L. Quinn, Alessandra Tanesini, Nicholas Wolterstorff, Linda Zagzebski & Laurence BonJour - 2005 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    One of the most influential analytic philosophers of the late twentieth century, William P. Alston is a leading light in epistemology, philosophy of religion, and the philosophy of language. In this volume, twelve leading philosophers critically discuss the central topics of his work in these areas, including perception, epistemic circularity, justification, the problem of religious diversity, and truth.
     
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  42.  25
    P∨~P.P. E. Griffiths - unknown
    Pv~P: Cambridge Journal of Undergraduate Philosophy, Issue 1, 1982.
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  43.  9
    The Internet and Medical Humanities: A Reflection.N. Stott - 2002 - Medical Humanities 28 (2):107-107.
  44.  48
    Systematicity, Conceptual Truth, and Evolution*: Brian P. McLaughlin.Brian P. McLaughlin - 1993 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 34:217-234.
  45. CHAUDHURY, P. J. -The Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]P. Alexander - 1956 - Mind 65:567.
  46.  10
    Belief and Will: LOUIS P. POJMAN.Louis P. Pojman - 1978 - Religious Studies 14 (1):1-14.
    It is a widely held belief that one can will to believe, disbelieve, and withhold belief concerning propositions. It is sometimes said that we have a duty to believe certain propositions. These theses have had a long and respected history. In one form or another they receive the support of a large number of philosophers and theologians who have written on the relationship of the will to believing. In the New Testament Jesus holds his disciples responsible for their beliefs, reprimands (...)
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  47.  82
    Rights, Indirect Utilitarianism, and Contractarianism: Alan P. Hamlin.Alan P. Hamlin - 1989 - Economics and Philosophy 5 (2):167-188.
    Economic approaches to both social evaluation and decision-making are typically Paretian or utilitarian in nature and so display commitments to both welfarism and consequentialism. The contrast between the economic approach and any rights-based social philosophy has spawned a large literature that may be divided into two branches. The first is concerned with the compatibility of rights and utilitarianism seen as independent moral forces. This branch of the literature may be characterized as an example of the broader debate between the teleological (...)
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  48. GEACH, P. T. "Providence and Evil". [REVIEW]P. Helm - 1979 - Mind 88:459.
     
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  49.  41
    Behavioral Foundations for Expression Meaning.Megan Henricks Stotts - 2021 - Topoi 40 (1):27-42.
    According to a well-established tradition in the philosophy of language, we can understand what makes an arbitrary sound, gesture, or marking into a meaningful linguistic expression only by appealing to mental states, such as beliefs and intentions. In this paper, I explore the contrasting possibility of understanding the meaningfulness of linguistic expressions just in terms of observable linguistic behavior. Specifically, I explore the view that a type of sound becomes a meaningful linguistic expression within a group in virtue of the (...)
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  50.  36
    Demystifying metaphor: a strategy for literal paraphrase.Megan Henricks Stotts - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (1):113-132.
    There is a long philosophical tradition of skepticism about the possibility of adequate paraphrases for metaphorical utterances. And even among those who favor paraphrasability, there is a tendency to think that paraphrases of metaphorical utterances may themselves have to be non-literal. I argue that even the most evocative and open-ended metaphorical utterances can be literally and adequately paraphrased, once we recognize that they are actually indirect speech acts—specifically, indirect directives that command the hearer to engage in an open-ended comparison. This (...)
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