Results for 'Peter Leeuwen'

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  1.  26
    Sensory optimization by stochastic tuning.Peter Jurica, Sergei Gepshtein, Ivan Tyukin & Cees van Leeuwen - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (4):798-816.
  2.  13
    Clinical adolescent decision-making: parental perspectives on confidentiality and consent in Belgium and The Netherlands.Jana Vanwymelbeke, David De Coninck, Koen Matthijs, Karla Van Leeuwen, Steven Lierman, Ingrid Boone, Peter de Winter & Jaan Toelen - 2023 - Ethics and Behavior 33 (5):371-386.
    This study investigated Belgian and Dutch parental opinions on confidentiality and consent regarding medical decisions about adolescents. Through an online survey, we presented six cases (three on confidentiality, and three on consent) to 1,382 Belgian and Dutch parents. We studied patterns in parental confidentiality and consent preferences across and between cases through binomial logistic regressions and latent class analysis. Participants often grant the right to consent for a treatment to the adolescent, but the majority diverges from the adolescent’s preferences regarding (...)
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  3.  37
    Boekbesprekingen. [REVIEW]T. Wever, Frank De Graeve, Th C. de Kruijf, J. M. Tison, L. Wolters, B. Dehandschutter, J. Rupert, P. Smulders, R. G. W. Huysmans, K. Boey, Jos Vercruysse, F. J. Theunis, Van Woerkom, Peter Staples, P. Fransen, D. Scheltens, L. M. de Rijk, H. van Leeuwen, A. J. Leijen, J. C. M. Engelen, W. G. Tillmans, C. Donders, H. P. M. Goddijn & E. De Strycker - 1973 - Bijdragen 34 (4):434-462.
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  4. Pennywise Parsimony: Langland-Hassan on Imagination.Neil Van Leeuwen - forthcoming - Analysis.
    This essay discusses Peter Langland-Hassan's approach to "explaining imagination" as it plays out in his recent book of that title. Langland-Hassan offers a theory of “attitude imagining” that avoids positing what he calls a “sui generis cognitive attitude.” This theory attempts to explain things like pretend play, hypothetical reasoning, and cognition of fiction; to explain them using only (what he calls) more “basic” mental states like beliefs and desires; and thus to explain them without positing a distinct cognitive attitude (...)
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  5.  23
    Towards a ‘Social Anthropology’ of End-of-Life Moral Deliberation: A Study of Australian Salvation Army Officers.Andrew Cameron, Bruce Stevens, Rhonda Shaw, Peter Bewert, Mavis Salt & Jennifer Ma - 2020 - Studies in Christian Ethics 33 (3):299-317.
    A research project by the Schools of Theology and Psychology of Australia’s Charles Sturt University surveyed a large sample of Salvation Army officers. This article considers survey responses to two questions relating to end-of-life care: the use of pain medications that may shorten life, and the cessation of fluid and food intake. The results of the analyses are evaluated in terms of Michael Banner’s proposal that moral theology should more assiduously converse with ‘patient ethnographic study’, which the survey instantiates to (...)
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  6.  53
    A Companion to Cognitive Science.George Graham & William Bechtel (eds.) - 1998 - Blackwell.
    Part I: The Life of Cognitive Science:. William Bechtel, Adele Abrahamsen, and George Graham. Part II: Areas of Study in Cognitive Science:. 1. Analogy: Dedre Gentner. 2. Animal Cognition: Herbert L. Roitblat. 3. Attention: A.H.C. Van Der Heijden. 4. Brain Mapping: Jennifer Mundale. 5. Cognitive Anthropology: Charles W. Nuckolls. 6. Cognitive and Linguistic Development: Adele Abrahamsen. 7. Conceptual Change: Nancy J. Nersessian. 8. Conceptual Organization: Douglas Medin and Sandra R. Waxman. 9. Consciousness: Owen Flanagan. 10. Decision Making: J. Frank Yates (...)
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  7. Mental images, imagination and the "multiple use thesis".Kathleen Stock - manuscript
    My topic is a certain view about mental images: namely, the ‘Multiple Use Thesis’. On this view, at least some mental image-types, individuated in terms of the sum total of their representational content, are potentially multifunctional: a given mental image-type, individuated as indicated, can serve in a variety of imaginative-event-types. As such, the presence of an image is insufficient to individuate the content of those imagination-events in which it may feature. This picture is argued for, or (more usually) just assumed (...)
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  8.  48
    Inference to the Best Explanation.Peter Lipton - 1991 - London and New York: Routledge.
    How do we go about weighing evidence, testing hypotheses, and making inferences? According to the model of _Inference to the Best Explanation_, we work out what to infer from the evidence by thinking about what would actually explain that evidence, and we take the ability of a hypothesis to explain the evidence as a sign that the hypothesis is correct. In _Inference to the Best Explanation_, Peter Lipton gives this important and influential idea the development and assessment it deserves. (...)
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  9.  19
    Inference to the best explanation.Peter Lipton - 1991 - New York: Routledge.
    "How do we go about weighing evidence, testing hypotheses and making inferences? According to the model of 'inference to the Best explanation', we work out what to inter from the evidence by thinking about what would actually explain that evidence, and we take the ability of a hypothesis to explain the evidence as a sign that the hypothesis is correct. In inference to the Best Explanation, Peter Lipton gives this important and influential idea the development and assessment it deserves." (...)
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  10.  44
    Parts: A Study in Ontology.Peter M. Simons - 1987 - Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
    The relationship of part to whole is one of the most fundamental there is; this is the first and only full-length study of this concept. This book shows that mereology, the formal theory of part and whole, is essential to ontology. Peter Simons surveys and criticizes previous theories, especially the standard extensional view, and proposes a more adequate account which encompasses both temporal and modal considerations in detail. 'Parts could easily be the standard book on mereology for the next (...)
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  11. Death with dignity.Peter Allmark - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (4):255-257.
    The purpose of this article is to develop a conception of death with dignity and to examine whether it is vulnerable to the sort of criticisms that have been made of other conceptions. In this conception “death” is taken to apply to the process of dying; “dignity” is taken to be something that attaches to people because of their personal qualities. In particular, someone lives with dignity if they live well (in accordance with reason, as Aristotle would see it). It (...)
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  12.  68
    The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge.Peter Carruthers - 2011 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Do we have introspective access to our own thoughts? Peter Carruthers challenges the consensus that we do: he argues that access to our own thoughts is always interpretive, grounded in perceptual awareness and sensory imagery. He proposes a bold new theory of self-knowledge, with radical implications for understanding of consciousness and agency.
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  13.  8
    The rise of modern paganism.Peter Gay - 1973 - London: Wildwood House.
    [1] The rise of modern paganism.--v. 2. The science of freedom.
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  14. A Theory of Properties.Peter van Inwagen - 2004 - In Dean W. Zimmerman (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, Vol. 1. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 107-138.
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  15.  20
    Ibn Khaldūn's Method of History and Aristotelian Natural Philosophy.Peter Adamson - 2024 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 62 (2):195-210.
    The historian Ibn Khaldūn (d. 1406) is most often treated by historians of philosophy as part of the story of political philosophy in the Islamic world. While this is perfectly legitimate, it may be misleading when it comes to the question of the method he proposes for the historian. This paper argues that that method is in fact based on a different branch of (Aristotelian) science: natural philosophy. After rendering this proposition initially plausible by noting frequent references to "nature" in (...)
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  16. The Architecture of the Mind:Massive Modularity and the Flexibility of Thought: Massive Modularity and the Flexibility of Thought.Peter Carruthers - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press UK.
    This book is a comprehensive development and defense of one of the guiding assumptions of evolutionary psychology: that the human mind is composed of a large number of semi-independent modules. The Architecture of the Mind has three main goals. One is to argue for massive mental modularity. Another is to answer a 'How possibly?' challenge to any such approach. The first part of the book lays out the positive case supporting massive modularity. It also outlines how the thesis should best (...)
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  17.  18
    The rise of modern paganism.Peter Gay - 1973 - London: Wildwood House.
  18. An Effective Paradigm for Conditioning Visual Perception in Human Subjects.Peter Davies, Geoffrey Davies, Bennett L. & Spencer - 1982 - Perception 11 (6):663–669.
     
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  19. Cognitive and neuroscience aspects of thought disorder.Peter Bachman, Tyrone D. Cannon & Editors - 2005 - In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge University Press. pp. 493--526.
  20.  21
    Grammar of Binding in the languages of the world: Innate or learned?Peter Cole, Gabriella Hermon & Yanti - 2015 - Cognition 141 (C):138-160.
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  21.  62
    Human and Animal Minds: The Consciousness Questions Laid to Rest.Peter Carruthers - 2019 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    Claims about consciousness in animals are often made in support of their moral standing. Peter Carruthers argues that there is no fact of the matter about animal consciousness and it is of no scientific or ethical significance. Sympathy for an animal can be grounded in its mental states, but should not rely on assumptions about its consciousness.
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  22. Phenomenal Consciousness: A Naturalistic Theory.Peter Carruthers - 2000 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    How can phenomenal consciousness exist as an integral part of a physical universe? How can the technicolour phenomenology of our inner lives be created out of the complex neural activities of our brains? Many have despaired of finding answers to these questions; and many have claimed that human consciousness is inherently mysterious. Peter Carruthers argues, on the contrary, that the subjective feel of our experience is fully explicable in naturalistic terms. Drawing on a variety of interdisciplinary resources, he develops (...)
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  23.  36
    The Centered Mind: What the Science of Working Memory Shows Us About the Nature of Human Thought.Peter Carruthers - 2015 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    The Centered Mind offers a new view of the nature and causal determinants of both reflective thinking and, more generally, the stream of consciousness. Peter Carruthers argues that conscious thought is always sensory-based, relying on the resources of the working-memory system. This system enables sensory images to be sustained and manipulated through attentional signals directed at midlevel sensory areas of the brain. When abstract conceptual representations are bound into these images, we consciously experience ourselves as making judgments or arriving (...)
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  24. The invention of nature.Peter D. Dwyer - 1996 - In R. F. Ellen & Katsuyoshi Fukui (eds.), Redefining nature: ecology, culture, and domestication. Washington, D.C.: Berg. pp. 157--186.
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  25. Language, thought, and consciousness: an essay in philosophical psychology.Peter Carruthers - 1996 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    Do we think in natural language? Or is language only for communication? Much recent work in philosophy and cognitive science assumes the latter. In contrast, Peter Carruthers argues that much of human conscious thinking is conducted in the medium of natural language sentences. However, this does not commit him to any sort of Whorfian linguistic relativism, and the view is developed within a framework that is broadly nativist and modularist. His study will be essential reading for all those interested (...)
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  26. Consciousness: Essays From a Higher-Order Perspective.Peter Carruthers - 2005 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    Peter Carruthers's essays on consciousness and related issues have had a substantial impact on the field, and many of his best are now collected here in revised form. The first half of the volume is devoted to developing, elaborating, and defending against competitors one particular sort of reductive explanation of phenomenal consciousness, which Carruthers now refers to as 'dual-content theory'. Phenomenal consciousness - the feel of experience - is supposed to constitute the 'hard problem' for a scientific world view, (...)
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  27. The Animals Issue: Moral Theory in Practice.Peter Carruthers - 1992 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    Do animals have moral rights? In contrast to the philosophical gurus of the animal rights movement, whose opinion has held moral sway in recent years, Peter Carruthers here claims that they do not. He explores a variety of moral theories, arguing that animals lack direct moral significance. This provocative but judiciously argued book will appeal to all those interested in animal rights, whatever their initial standpoint. It will also serve as a lively introduction to ethics, demonstrating why theoretical issues (...)
  28.  58
    Freedom and Resentment and Other Essays.Peter Frederick Strawson - 1974 - London, England: Routledge.
    By the time of his death in 2006, Sir Peter Strawson was regarded as one of the world's most distinguished philosophers. First published thirty years ago but long since unavailable, _Freedom and Resentment_ collects some of Strawson's most important work and is an ideal introduction to his thinking on such topics as the philosophy of language, metaphysics, epistemology and aesthetics. Beginning with the title essay _Freedom and Resentment_, this invaluable collection is testament to the astonishing range of Strawson's thought (...)
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  29. Ideas, Qualities and Corpuscles: Locke and Boyle on the External World.Peter Alexander - 1985 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This study presents a substantial and often radical reinterpretation of some of the central themes of Locke's thought. Professor Alexander concentrates on the Essay Concerning Human Understanding and aims to restore that to its proper historical context. In Part I he gives a clear exposition of some of the scientific theories of Robert Boyle, which, he argues, heavily influenced Locke in employing similar concepts and terminology. Against this background, he goes on in Part II to provide an account of Locke's (...)
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  30. Psa 1986 Proceedings of the 1986 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association.Peter K. Fine & Peter Machamer - 1986
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  31.  7
    Religion as creative insecurity.Peter Anthony Bertocci - 1973 - Westport, Conn.,: Greenwood Press.
  32. Schiffbruch im Totenreich.Peter Sprengel Berlin - forthcoming - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption.
    Journal Name: Philologus Issue: Ahead of print.
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  33. Bei der Redaktion eingegangene Bücher Redaktionsschluß 30. 1. 1987.Peter Böhm & Theodor Lessings Versuch Einer Erkenntnistheoretischen Grundlegung - 1985 - Philosophy 10:348.
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  34. Zum Verhältnis von Raum Und Zeit in der Griechischen Kunst Passavant-Symposion, 8. Bis 10. Dezember 2000.Peter Bol, Marianne Kreikenbom & Liebieghaus - 2003
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  35. The Impact of Theories of Generation Upon the Concept of a Biological Species in the Last Half of the Eighteenth Century.Peter J. Bowler & Toronto - 1971 - The Author.
     
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  36.  5
    The philosopher and society in late antiquity : protocol of the thirty-fourth colloquy : 3 December 1978.Peter Robert Lamont Center for Hermeneutical Studies in Hellenistic and Modern Culture & Brown - 1980
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  37.  4
    Albert Einstein.Peter Napier Hamilton - 1973 - Valley Forge, Pa.,: Judson Press.
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  38.  7
    Filosofiske portrætter.Peter Kemp - 1973 - København,: Vinten.
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  39.  7
    Single blind placebo in drug research.Peter Beck - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (6):477-a-477.
    sirThe recent article by Evans in the journal on the single blind placebo in drug research is timely and its conclusions were persuasive. The basic premiss that single blind placebo “washout” periods are ethically specious was well argued and I agree that from a scientific point of view they have no valid justification. The real reasons ….
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  40.  1
    Phénoménologie des idéalités mathématiques: La polyphilosophie de Dominique Pradelle.Romain Peter - 2024 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 120 (2):281-292.
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  41. Mitmenschlichkeit, eine Illusion?: Die Weltreligion im Blick z. Gemeinschaft.Peter Rohner & Trutz Rendtorff (eds.) - 1973 - München: Pfeiffer.
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  42. Bedeutungstheorie: Einf. in d. linguist. Semantik.Peter Schifko - 1975 - Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt: Frommann-Holzboog.
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  43.  14
    Commentary.Peter Zacharias - 1977 - Journal of Medical Ethics 3 (2):83-84.
  44.  20
    Language, Thought and Consciousness: An Essay in Philosophical Psychology.Peter Carruthers - 1996 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    Do we think in natural language? Or is language only for communication? Much recent work in philosophy and cognitive science assumes the latter. In contrast, Peter Carruthers argues that much of human conscious thinking is conducted in the medium of natural language sentences. However, this does not commit him to any sort of Whorfian linguistic relativism, and the view is developed within a framework that is broadly nativist and modularist. His study will be essential reading for all those interested (...)
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  45.  14
    Respecting Toleration: Traditional Liberalism and Contemporary Diversity.Peter Balint - 2017 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The question of toleration matters more than ever. The politics of the twenty-first century is replete with both the successes and, all too often, the failures of toleration. Yet a growing number of thinkers and practitioners have argued against toleration. Some believe that liberal democracies are better served by different principles, such as respect of, or recognition for, people's ways of life. Others argue that because the liberal state should be entirely neutral or indifferent towards people's ways of life, it (...)
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  46.  72
    A Realist Philosophy of Social Science: Explanation and Understanding.Peter T. Manicas - 2006 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This introduction to the philosophy of social science provides an original conception of the task and nature of social inquiry. Peter Manicas discusses the role of causality seen in the physical sciences and offers a reassessment of the problem of explanation from a realist perspective. He argues that the fundamental goal of theory in both the natural and social sciences is not, contrary to widespread opinion, prediction and control, or the explanation of events. Instead, theory aims to provide an (...)
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  47.  56
    Freedom and Resentment and Other Essays.Peter Frederick Strawson - 1974 - London, England: Routledge.
    By the time of his death in 2006, Sir Peter Strawson was regarded as one of the world's most distinguished philosophers. First published thirty years ago but long since unavailable, _Freedom and Resentment_ collects some of Strawson's most important work and is an ideal introduction to his thinking on such topics as the philosophy of language, metaphysics, epistemology and aesthetics. Beginning with the title essay _Freedom and Resentment_, this invaluable collection is testament to the astonishing range of Strawson's thought (...)
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  48.  33
    Tracking Track Records.Peter Lipton & John Worrall - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74:179-235.
    [Peter Lipton] From a reliabilist point of view, our inferential practices make us into instruments for determining the truth value of hypotheses where, like all instruments, reliability is a central virtue. I apply this perspective to second-order inductions, the inductive assessments of inductive practices. Such assessments are extremely common, for example whenever we test the reliability of our instruments or our informants. Nevertheless, the inductive assessment of induction has had a bad name ever since David Hume maintained that any (...)
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  49. Continuants and occurrents, I.Peter Simons - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):59–75.
    [Peter Simons] Commonsense ontology contains both continuants and occurrents, but are continuants necessary? I argue that they are neither occurrents nor easily replaceable by them. The worst problem for continuants is the question in virtue of what a given continuant exists at a given time. For such truthmakers we must have recourse to occurrents, those vital to the continuant at that time. Continuants are, like abstract objects, invariants under equivalences over occurrents. But they are not abstract, and their being (...)
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  50.  52
    Decision making on organ donation: the dilemmas of relatives of potential brain dead donors.Jack de Groot, Maria van Hoek, Cornelia Hoedemaekers, Andries Hoitsma, Wim Smeets, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen & Evert van Leeuwen - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundThis article is part of a study to gain insight into the decision-making process by looking at the views of the relatives of potential brain dead donors. Alongside a literature review, focus interviews were held with healthcare professionals about their role in the request and decision-making process when post-mortal donation is at stake. This article describes the perspectives of the relatives.MethodsA content-analysis of 22 semi-structured in-depth interviews with relatives involved in an organ donation decision.ResultsThree themes were identified: ‘conditions’, ‘ethical considerations’ (...)
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