Results for 'Ranald R. Macdonald'

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  1.  30
    Base Rates and Randomness.Ranald R. Macdonald - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):778-778.
    In base rate problems the estimated probability must equal the base rate only where random sampling is assumed. Otherwise there is uncertainty over and above that which can be included in any probability model and inductive inference is involved. Subjects should use base rates to the extent that the problem suggests a simple random sampling model.
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  2.  20
    The Limits of Probability Modelling: A Serendipitous Tale of Goldfish, Transfinite Numbers, and Pieces of String. [REVIEW]Ranald R. Macdonald - 2000 - Mind and Society 1 (2):17-38.
    This paper is about the differences between probabilities and beliefs and why reasoning should not always conform to probability laws. Probability is defined in terms of urn models from which probability laws can be derived. This means that probabilities are expressed in rational numbers, they suppose the existence of veridical representations and, when viewed as parts of a probability model, they are determined by a restricted set of variables. Moreover, probabilities are subjective, in that they apply to classes of events (...)
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  3.  93
    The Student Lifeworld and the Meanings of Plagiarism.Peter Ashworth, Ranald MacDonald & Madeleine Freewood - 2003 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 34 (2):257-278.
    As plagiarism is a notion specific to a particular culture and epoch, and is also understood in a variety of ways by individuals, particular attention must be paid to the putting of the phenomenological question, What is plagiarism in its appearing? Resolution of this issue leads us to locate students' perceptions and opinions within the lifeworld, and to seek an initially idiographic set of descriptions. Of twelve interview analyses, three are presented. A student who took an especially anxious line, his (...)
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  4.  24
    Plato's Cosmology. [REVIEW]R. S. & Francis Macdonald Cornford - 1937 - Journal of Philosophy 34 (26):717.
  5.  6
    Experience and Grammatical Agreement: Statistical Learning Shapes Number Agreement Production.Maryellen C. MacDonald Todd R. Haskell, Robert Thornton - 2010 - Cognition 114 (2):151.
    A robust result in research on the production of grammatical agreement is that speakers are more likely to produce an erroneous verb with phrases such as the key to the cabinets, with a singular noun followed by a plural one, than with phrases such as the keys to the cabinet, where a plural noun is followed by a singular. These asymmetries are thought to reflect core language production processes. Previous accounts have attributed error patterns to a syntactic number feature present (...)
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  6.  20
    Ethical Democracy: Essays in Social Dynamics, by D. G. Ritchie; G. H. Perris; J. R. MacDonald; J. A. Hobson; J. H. Muirhead; Zona Vallance; F. J. Gould; Margaret McMillan; R. Adamson; Christian Collin; and Stanton Coit. [REVIEW]Mary Gilliland Husband - 1901 - Ethics 12:117.
  7.  24
    Impact of Dialect Use on a Basic Component of Learning to Read.Megan C. Brown, Daragh E. Sibley, Julie A. Washington, Timothy T. Rogers, Jan R. Edwards, Maryellen C. MacDonald & Mark S. Seidenberg - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  8.  93
    New Books. [REVIEW]Leon Roth, E. Gilman, R. J. Spilsbury, H. D. Lewis, Karl Britton, G. H. Bird, P. T. Geach, R. N. Smart, R. Rhees, Margaret Macdonald, Basil Mitchell, D. Daiches Raphael, A. M. MacIver, J. L. Ackrill, Martha Kneale & T. R. Miles - 1956 - Mind 65 (259):410-430.
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  9.  6
    The Social Impact of Musical Engagement for Young Adults With Learning Difficulties: A Qualitative Study.Graeme B. Wilson & Raymond A. R. MacDonald - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  10.  20
    Experience and Grammatical Agreement: Statistical Learning Shapes Number Agreement Production.Todd R. Haskell, Robert Thornton & Maryellen C. MacDonald - 2010 - Cognition 114 (2):151-164.
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  11.  3
    Speeding Up Problem Solving by Abstraction: A Graph Oriented Approach.R. C. Holte, T. Mkadmi, R. M. Zimmer & A. J. MacDonald - 1996 - Artificial Intelligence 85 (1-2):321-361.
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  12.  8
    Plato's Cosmology.Glenn R. Morrow & Francis MacDonald Cornford - 1939 - Philosophical Review 48 (1):75.
  13.  11
    Christian Humanism: Essays in Honour of Arjo Vanderjagt.Arie Johan Vanderjagt, A. A. MacDonald, Z. R. W. M. von Martels & Jan R. Veenstra (eds.) - 2009 - Brill.
    The contributions in this volume treat aspects and manifestations of this cultural symbiosis, and they throw new light on authors and texts both more and less ...
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  14.  10
    Book Review:Democracy: A Study of Government. James H. Hyslop. [REVIEW]J. R. Macdonald - 1899 - Ethics 9 (4):528-.
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  15.  7
    Book Review:The Referendum in America. Ellis Paxon Oberholtzer. [REVIEW]J. R. MacDonald - 1901 - Ethics 11 (3):383-.
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  16.  4
    Book Review:Elementary Schools (Children Working for Wages). [REVIEW]J. R. MacDonald - 1899 - Ethics 10 (1):116-.
  17.  28
    Broadcasting Operation Iraqi Freedom: The People Behind Cable News Ethics, Decisions, and Gender Differences.Larry W. Boone & Christine R. MacDonald - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (S1):115-134.
    In March 2003, President Bush declared the start of Operation Iraqi Freedom, the anticipated commencement of intensive American-led military operations in Iraq. With this declaration, the media began intense coverage of military operations from the field. For the first time, viewers were able to see images of actual events. This was due to three developments: the advancement of technology allowing immediate transmission of text and images, the actual presence of journalists identified as "embedded journalists" at military sites, and the fierce (...)
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  18.  35
    R. T. Williams: The Silver Coinage of Velia. Pp. Xi+152; 47 Plates, 1 Map. London: Royal Numismatic Society, 1992. Cased, £50 . - D. MacDonald: The Coinage of Aphrodisias. Pp. Xi+169; 32 Plates. London: Royal Numismatic Society, 1992. Cased, £40. [REVIEW]Ian Carradice - 1994 - The Classical Review 44 (2):417-417.
  19.  6
    Democracy: A Study of Government.J. R. Macdonald - 1899 - International Journal of Ethics 9 (4):528-529.
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  20.  14
    The Diolkos.Brian R. MacDonald - 1986 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 106:191-195.
    R. M. Cook has recently pointed out that the transport of warships across the Isthmus of Corinth was not the normal use of the diolkos since there was no regular need for such transport. Rather, the diolkos from its inception served a commercial function and its use provided the Corinthian state with a source of revenue.
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  21.  5
    Peers, Near-Peers, and Outreach Staff to Build Solidarity in Global HIV Research With Adolescents.Mary A. Ott, Edith Apondi, Katherine R. MacDonald, Lonnie Embleton, Julie G. Thorne, Juddy Wachira, Allan Kamanda & Paula K. A. Braitstein - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (5):72-74.
    Volume 20, Issue 5, June 2020, Page 72-74.
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  22.  41
    Miss MacDonald on Sleeping and Waking.R. M. Yost Jr & Donald Kalish - 1955 - Philosophical Quarterly 5 (19):109 - 124.
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  23.  2
    Does Self-Control Improve with Practice? Evidence From a Six-Week Training Program.Eleanor Miles, Paschal Sheeran, Harriet Baird, Ian Macdonald, Thomas L. Webb & Peter R. Harris - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (8):1075-1091.
  24.  1
    Compromised Conscience: A Scoping Review of Moral Injury Among Firefighters, Paramedics, and Police Officers.Liana M. Lentz, Lorraine Smith-MacDonald, David Malloy, R. Nicholas Carleton & Suzette Brémault-Phillips - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    BackgroundPublic Safety Personnel are routinely exposed to human suffering and need to make quick, morally challenging decisions. Such decisions can affect their psychological wellbeing. Participating in or observing an event or situation that conflicts with personal values can potentially lead to the development of moral injury. Common stressors associated with moral injury include betrayal, inability to prevent death or harm, and ethical dilemmas. Potentially psychologically traumatic event exposures and post-traumatic stress disorder can be comorbid with moral injury; however, moral injury (...)
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  25.  13
    The Polyprotein Nature of Substance P Precursors.James E. Krause, Margaret R. Macdonald & Yasuo Takeda - 1989 - Bioessays 10 (2-3):62-69.
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  26.  14
    Views on the Right to Withdraw From Randomised Controlled Trials Assessing Quality of Life After Mastectomy and Breast Reconstruction (QUEST): Findings From the QUEST Perspectives Study (QPS).N. Bidad, L. MacDonald, Z. E. Winters, S. J. L. Edwards & R. Horne - 2014 - Research Ethics 10 (1):47-57.
    The purpose of this study is to examine the importance that real patients attach to their right to withdraw from an on-going feasibility randomised trial (RCT) evaluating types and timings of breast reconstruction (two parallel trials) following mastectomy for breast cancer. Our results show that, while some respondents appreciated that exercising the right to withdraw would defeat the scientific objective of the trial, some patients with a surgical preference consented only given the knowledge they could withdraw if they were not (...)
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  27. The Conceptual Role of 'Temperature'in Statistical Mechanics: Or How Probabilistic Averages Maximize Predictive Accuracy.Malcolm R. Forster, I. A. Kieseppä, Dan Hausman, Alexei Krioukov, Stephen Leeds, Alan Macdonald & Larry Shapiro - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
     
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  28.  1
    Luke and the Politics of Homeric Imitation: Luke–Acts as Rival to the Aeneid.Dennis R. MacDonald - 2018 - Fortress Academic.
    In this book MacDonald guides his reader through Luke-Acts from beginning to end to identify and interpret the author’s imitations of classical Greek poetry, arguing that Luke’s two-volume work was a prose epic to provide his readers with a foundation myth for the new social reality that the Christian Church had become.
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  29.  1
    White Matter Integrity Is Associated With Intraindividual Variability in Neuropsychological Test Performance in Healthy Older Adults.Drew W. R. Halliday, Jodie R. Gawryluk, Mauricio A. Garcia-Barrera & Stuart W. S. MacDonald - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  30. BRETT, R. L. - The Third Earl of Shaftesbury. [REVIEW]M. Macdonald - 1953 - Mind 62:417.
     
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  31.  8
    Cosmos and Epic Representation: Dante, Spenser, Milton and the Transformation of Renaissance Heroic Poetry.John G. Demaray.Ronald R. Macdonald - 1994 - Speculum 69 (1):128-130.
  32. Democracy: A Study of Government, by James H. Hyslop. [REVIEW]J. R. Macdonald - 1898 - Ethics 9:528.
     
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  33.  9
    Democracy: A Study of Government. James H. Hyslop.J. R. Macdonald - 1899 - International Journal of Ethics 9 (4):528-529.
  34.  22
    Elementary Schools.J. R. Macdonald - 1899 - International Journal of Ethics 10 (1):116-120.
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  35. Hobbes and Descartes on the Relation Between Language and Consciousness in Thought and Language in the Philosophy of the Enlightenment.R. Macdonald - 1988 - Synthese 75 (2):217-229.
  36.  4
    Homer and the Bible - (J.) Heath the Bible, Homer, and the Search for Meaning in Ancient Myths. Why We Would Be Better Off with Homer's Gods. Pp. XII + 417. London and New York: Routledge, 2019. Cased, £115, Us$140. Isbn: 978-0-367-07720-4. [REVIEW]Dennis R. MacDonald - 2020 - The Classical Review 70 (2):311-313.
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  37. Pursuing Happiness.R. C. Macdonald - 1977 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 58 (2):179.
     
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  38.  5
    Peter R. Broughton, Northern Star: J.S. Plaskett. Toronto and London: University of Toronto Press, 2018. Pp. Xx + 539. ISBN 978-1-4426-3017-8. $90.00 (Hardback). [REVIEW]Lee T. MacDonald - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):125-126.
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  39.  12
    Sputtered Atom Ejection Patterns From Ge Surfaces.R. J. Macdonald - 1970 - Philosophical Magazine 21 (171):519-531.
  40.  5
    Sirolimus-Associated Hepatotoxicity: Case Report and Review of the Literature.B. Macdonald, E. Vakiani, R. K. Yantiss, J. Lee, R. S. Brown & S. H. Sigal - 2012 - Transplant Research and Risk Management 2012.
    Brock Macdonald1, Evi Vakiani2, Rhonda K Yantiss3, Jun Lee4, Robert S Brown Jr5, Samuel H Sigal61Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, 2Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan–Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, 3Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, New York Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, 4Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, 5Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, (...)
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  41. The Destiny of Man.K. R. MacDonald - 1978 - Macdonald.
     
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  42.  10
    The Import of Attic Pottery to Corinth and the Question of Trade During the Peloponnesian War.Brian R. MacDonald - 1982 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 102:113-123.
    Throughout the Peloponnesian War, no state remained as aggressively hostile toward Athens as Corinth. Following the affairs of Corcyra and Poteidaia, Corinth successfully argued that war be declared against Athens. After ten years of fighting, when Sparta agreed to the Peace of Nikias, Corinth refused to accept its terms and make peace with Athens. We know that Corinth and Athens were directly engaged in hostilities in 419 and 416 and were on opposing sides in the fighting between Epidauros and Argos (...)
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  43. The New Humanism, by Edward Howard Griggs. [REVIEW]J. R. Macdonald - 1899 - Ethics 10:411.
     
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  44.  65
    The Order and Integration of Knowledge.R. J. MacDonald - 1959 - New Scholasticism 33 (3):395-398.
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  45.  1
    The Philosopher as Therapist.R. Charles MacDonald - 1988 - Philosophie Et Culture: Actes du XVIIe Congrès Mondial de Philosophie 2:757-760.
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  46.  28
    The Propaganda of Civilization.J. R. MacDonald - 1901 - International Journal of Ethics 11 (4):455-468.
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  47.  27
    The Propaganda of Civilization.J. R. MacDonald - 1901 - International Journal of Ethics 11 (4):455-468.
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  48. The Referendum in America, by Ellis Paxson Oberholtzer. [REVIEW]J. R. Macdonald - 1900 - Ethics 11:383.
     
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  49.  11
    The Referendum in America. Ellis Paxon Oberholtzer.J. R. MacDonald - 1901 - International Journal of Ethics 11 (3):383-388.
  50. Airy Nothings: Imagining the Otherworld of Faerie From the Middle Ages to the Age of Reason: Essays in Honour of Alasdair A. Macdonald.Karin Olsen & Jan R. Veenstra (eds.) - 2013 - Brill.
    _Airy Nothings_ contains eleven contributions on the scholarly and literary representations of the Otherworld of Faerie from the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment.
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