Results for 'S. Isler'

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  1.  26
    Alasdair MacIntyre: relatividad conceptual, tomismo y liberalismo.S. Isler - 2011 - Ideas Y Valores 60 (147):89-111.
    Influenciado por Thomas Kuhn, Alasdair MacIntyre presenta una teoría conceptualmente relativista sobre las tradiciones de investigación, la cual pretende no sólo describir la estructura de las distintas tradiciones, sino también encontrar un principioque permita resolver las disputas entre ellas. Se..
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  2. The Search for the Legacy of the Usphs Syphilis Study at Tuskegee: Reflective Essays Based Upon Findings From the Tuskegee Legacy Project.M. Joycelyn Elders, Rueben C. Warren, Vivian W. Pinn, James H. Jones, Susan M. Reverby, David Satcher, Mary E. Northridge, Ronald Braithwaite, Mario DeLaRosa, Luther S. Williams, Monique M. Willams, Vickie M. Mays, Malika Roman Isler, R. L'Heureux Lewis, Harold L. Aubrey, Riggins R. Earl & Virginia M. Brennan (eds.) - 2011 - Lexington Books.
    The Search for the Legacy of the USPHS Syphilis Study at Tuskegee is a collection of essays from experts in a variety of fields seeking to redefine the legacy of the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Study. The essayists place the legacy of the study within the evolution of racial and ethnic relations in the United States. Contributors include two leading historians on the study, two former United States Surgeons General, and other prominent scholars from a wide range of fields.
     
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  3.  26
    Psychometric Comparisons of Benevolent and Corrective Humor Across 22 Countries: The Virtue Gap in Humor Goes International.Sonja Heintz, Willibald Ruch, Tracey Platt, Dandan Pang, Hugo Carretero-Dios, Alberto Dionigi, Catalina Argüello Gutiérrez, Ingrid Brdar, Dorota Brzozowska, Hsueh-Chih Chen, Władysław Chłopicki, Matthew Collins, Róbert Ďurka, Najwa Y. El Yahfoufi, Angélica Quiroga-Garza, Robert B. Isler, Andrés Mendiburo-Seguel, TamilSelvan Ramis, Betül Saglam, Olga V. Shcherbakova, Kamlesh Singh, Ieva Stokenberga, Peter S. O. Wong & Jorge Torres-Marín - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  4.  29
    La axiología jurídica según Jorge Millas.Juan Cofré Lagos & Carlos Isler Soto - 2013 - Revista de filosofía (Chile) 69:51-65.
    In this paper, we try to expose the fundamental ideas at the basis of Jorge Millas’ axiology. First, we will expose synoptically the core of the legal philosophy that the Chilean thinker develops on his works on the subject, including his conception about philosophy in general , and about legal science in particular . Secondly, we will expose the epistemological suppositions of his legal philosophy , and his consequent conception of law’s essence , the legal rule and its foundation, and (...)
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  5.  46
    Explaining Brain Size Variation: From Social to Cultural Brain.Carel P. van Schaik, Karin Isler & Judith M. Burkart - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (5):277-284.
  6.  46
    Godel's Proof.S. R. Peterson - 1961 - Philosophical Quarterly 11 (45):379.
    In 1931 the mathematical logician Kurt Godel published a revolutionary paper that challenged certain basic assumptions underpinning mathematics and logic. A colleague of Albert Einstein, his theorem proved that mathematics was partly based on propositions not provable within the mathematical system and had radical implications that have echoed throughout many fields. A gripping combination of science and accessibility, Godel’s Proof by Nagel and Newman is for both mathematicians and the idly curious, offering those with a taste for logic and philosophy (...)
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  7. Moore’s Paradox: New Essays on Belief, Rationality, and the First Person.Mitchell S. Green & John N. Williams (eds.) - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    G. E. Moore observed that to assert, 'I went to the pictures last Tuesday but I don't believe that I did' would be 'absurd'. Over half a century later, such sayings continue to perplex philosophers. In the definitive treatment of the famous paradox, Green and Williams explain its history and relevance and present new essays by leading thinkers in the area.
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  8.  10
    Energetic Trade‐Offs Between Brain Size and Offspring Production: Marsupials Confirm a General Mammalian Pattern.Karin Isler - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (3):173-179.
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  9. Aristotle's Metaphysics.S. Marc Cohen - 2016 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The first major work in the history of philosophy to bear the title "Metaphysics" was the treatise by Aristotle that we have come to know by that name. But Aristotle himself did not use that title or even describe his field of study as 'metaphysics'; the name was evidently coined by the first century C.E. editor who assembled the treatise we know as Aristotle's Metaphysics out of various smaller selections of Aristotle's works. The title 'metaphysics' -- literally, 'after the Physics' (...)
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  10. Carnap’s Dream: Gödel, Wittgenstein, and Logical, Syntax.S. Awodey & A. W. Carus - 2007 - Synthese 159 (1):23-45.
    In Carnap’s autobiography, he tells the story how one night in January 1931, “the whole theory of language structure” in all its ramifications “came to [him] like a vision”. The shorthand manuscript he produced immediately thereafter, he says, “was the first version” of Logical Syntax of Language. This document, which has never been examined since Carnap’s death, turns out not to resemble Logical Syntax at all, at least on the surface. Wherein, then, did the momentous insight of 21 January 1931 (...)
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  11.  30
    Practical Steps to Community Engaged Research: From Inputs to Outcomes.Malika Roman Isler & Giselle Corbie-Smith - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):904-914.
    For decades, the dominant research paradigm has included trials conducted in clinical settings with little involvement from communities. The move toward community engaged research (CEnR) necessitates the inclusion of diverse perspectives to address complex problems. Using a relationship paradigm, CEnR reframes the context, considerations, practical steps, and outcomes of research.
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  12.  15
    Practical Steps to Community Engaged Research: From Inputs to Outcomes.Malika Roman Isler & Giselle Corbie-Smith - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):904-914.
    For decades, the dominant research paradigm has included trials conducted in clinical settings with little involvement from communities. However, concerns about the relevance and applicability of the processes or outcomes of such research have led to calls for greater community engagement in the research process. As such, there has been a shift in emphasis from simply recruiting research participants from community settings to engaging community members more broadly in all aspects of the research process. The move toward community engaged research (...)
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  13. Wittgenstein’s Place in Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy.P. M. S. Hacker - 1996 - Blackwell.
    This text provides a unique and compelling account of Wittgenstein's impact upon twentieth century analytic philosophy, from its inception at the turn of the ...
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  14.  20
    Plato’s Democratic Entanglements: Athenian Politics and the Practice of Philosophy.S. Sara Monoson - 2000 - Princeton University Press.
    In this book, Sara Monoson challenges the longstanding and widely held view that Plato is a virulent opponent of all things democratic. She does not, however, offer in its place the equally mistaken idea that he is somehow a partisan of democracy. Instead, she argues that we should attend more closely to Plato's suggestion that democracy is horrifying and exciting, and she seeks to explain why he found it morally and politically intriguing.Monoson focuses on Plato's engagement with democracy as he (...)
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  15.  60
    “Here's My Dilemma”. Moral Case Deliberation as a Platform for Discussing Everyday Ethics in Elderly Care.S. Dam, T. A. Abma, M. J. M. Kardol & G. A. M. Widdershoven - 2012 - Health Care Analysis 20 (3):250-267.
    Our study presents an overview of the issues that were brought forward by participants of a moral case deliberation (MCD) project in two elderly care organizations. The overview was inductively derived from all case descriptions (N = 202) provided by participants of seven mixed MCD groups, consisting of care providers from various professional backgrounds, from nursing assistant to physician. The MCD groups were part of a larger MCD project within two care institutions (residential homes and nursing homes). Care providers are (...)
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  16.  91
    Aristotle's Physics.R. S. - 1936 - Journal of Philosophy 33 (9):246-247.
  17.  39
    Aristotle's Criticism of Presocratic Philosophy.R. S. & Harold Cherniss - 1935 - Journal of Philosophy 32 (22):610.
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  18.  12
    Plato's Cosmology.R. S. & Francis Macdonald Cornford - 1937 - Journal of Philosophy 34 (26):717.
  19. Penrose's Gödelian Argument A Review of Shadows of the Mind by Roger Penrose. [REVIEW]S. Feferman - 1995 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 2:21-32.
    In his book Shadows of the Mind: A search for the missing science of con- sciousness [SM below], Roger Penrose has turned in another bravura perfor- mance, the kind we have come to expect ever since The Emperor’s New Mind [ENM ] appeared. In the service of advancing his deep convictions and daring conjectures about the nature of human thought and consciousness, Penrose has once more drawn a wide swath through such topics as logic, computa- tion, artificial intelligence, quantum physics (...)
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  20. Alasdair McIntyre: relatividad conceptual, tomismo y liberalismo.Carlos Isler Soto & Jorge Aurelio Díaz - 2012 - Ideas y Valores: Revista Colombiana de Filosofía 148:181-183.
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  21. That's Interesting!: Towards a Phenomenology of Sociology and a Sociology of Phenomenology.Murray S. Davis - 1971 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 1 (2):309-344.
  22. Sartre's "Being and Nothingness".S. Gardner - unknown
    Sebastian Gardner competently tackles one of Sartre's more complex and challenging works in this new addition to the Reader's Guides series.
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  23.  1
    Soren Kierkegaard's Journals and Papers: Autobiographical: Part Two, 1848-1855.Søren Kierkegaard - 1967 - Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  24.  60
    “Here’s My Dilemma”. Moral Case Deliberation as a Platform for Discussing Everyday Ethics in Elderly Care.S. van der Dam, T. A. Abma, M. J. M. Kardol & G. A. M. Widdershoven - 2012 - Health Care Analysis 20 (3):250-267.
    Our study presents an overview of the issues that were brought forward by participants of a moral case deliberation (MCD) project in two elderly care organizations. The overview was inductively derived from all case descriptions (N = 202) provided by participants of seven mixed MCD groups, consisting of care providers from various professional backgrounds, from nursing assistant to physician. The MCD groups were part of a larger MCD project within two care institutions (residential homes and nursing homes). Care providers are (...)
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  25. Plato's Euthyphro, Apology of Socrates, and Crito.J. L. S., John Burnet & Plato - 1925 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 45 (4):150.
  26.  96
    Hempel's Paradox and Wason's Selection Task: Logical and Psychological Puzzles of Confirmation.Raymond S. Nickerson - 1996 - Thinking and Reasoning 2 (1):1 – 31.
    Hempel's paradox of the ravens has to do with the question of what constitutes confirmation from a logical point of view; Wason 's selection task has been used extensively to investigate how people go about attempting to confirm or disconfirm conditional claims. This paper presents an argument that the paradox is resolved, and that people's typical performance in the selection task can be explained, by consideration of what constitutes an effective strategy for seeking evidence of the tenability of universal or (...)
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  27.  92
    Gibson's Theory of Perception: A Case of Hasty Epistemologizing?Edward S. Reed & Rebecca K. Jones - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (4):519-530.
    Hintikka has criticized psychologists for "hasty epistemologizing," which he takes to be an unwarranted transfer of ideas from psychology (a discipline dealing with questions of fact) into epistemology (a discipline dealing with questions of method and theory). Hamlyn argues, following Hintikka, that Gibson's theory of perception is an example of such an inappropriate transfer, especially insofar as Hamlyn feels Gibson does not answer several important questions. However, Gibson's theory does answer the relevant questions, albeit in a new and radical way, (...)
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  28. Nature’s Experiments and Natural Experiments in the Social Sciences.Mary S. Morgan - 2013 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 43 (3):341-357.
    This article explores the characteristics of research sites that scientists have called “natural experiments” to understand and develop usable distinctions for the social sciences between “Nature’s or Society’s experiments” and “natural experiments.” In this analysis, natural experiments emerge as the retro-fitting by social scientists of events that have happened in the social world into the traditional forms of field or randomized trial experiments. By contrast, “Society’s experiments” figure as events in the world that happen in circumstances that are already sufficiently (...)
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  29. Bertlmann's Socks and the Nature of Reality.J. S. Bell - 2004 - In Speakable and Unspeakable in Quantum Mechanics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 139--158.
     
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  30. Parkinson’s Disease Prediction Using Artificial Neural Network.Ramzi M. Sadek, Salah A. Mohammed, Abdul Rahman K. Abunbehan, Abdul Karim H. Abdul Ghattas, Majed R. Badawi, Mohamed N. Mortaja, Bassem S. Abu-Nasser & Samy S. Abu-Naser - 2019 - International Journal of Academic Health and Medical Research (IJAHMR) 3 (1):1-8.
    Parkinson's Disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system. The symptoms generally come on slowly over time. Early in the disease, the most obvious are shaking, rigidity, slowness of movement, and difficulty with walking. Doctors do not know what causes it and finds difficulty in early diagnosing the presence of Parkinson’s disease. An artificial neural network system with back propagation algorithm is presented in this paper for helping doctors in identifying (...)
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  31.  30
    Leibniz's 'New System' and Associated Contemporary Texts.R. S. Woolhouse & Richard Francks (eds.) - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume gathers together for the first time are all the key texts in a crucial debate in modern philosophy, centered on Leibniz's famous 1695 essay, the "New System of the Nature of Substances and their Communication," in which he introduced his strikingly original theory of metaphysics. His "system" became increasingly famous and drew him into discussion and development of these ideas, both in public and in private, with a variety of thinkers, most notably the great French philosopher Pierre Bayle. (...)
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  32.  23
    Plato's Cratylus: The Comedy of Language.S. Montgomery Ewegen - 2013 - Indiana University Press.
    Plato’s dialogue Cratylus focuses on being and human dependence on words, or the essential truths about the human condition. Arguing that comedy is an essential part of Plato's concept of language, S. Montgomery Ewegen asserts that understanding the comedic is key to an understanding of Plato's deeper philosophical intentions. Ewegen shows how Plato’s view of language is bound to comedy through words and how, for Plato, philosophy has much in common with playfulness and the ridiculous. By tying words, language, and (...)
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  33.  9
    What's New? Children Prefer Novelty in Referent Selection.Bob McMurray Jessica S. Horst, Larissa K. Samuelson, Sarah C. Kucker - 2011 - Cognition 118 (2):234.
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  34.  6
    Cornelia Isler-Kerényi, Civilizing Violence. Satyrs on 6th-Century Greek Vases.Véronique Dasen - 2006 - Kernos 19.
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  35. Berkeley's "Defense" of "Commonsense".S. Seth Bordner - 2011 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 49 (3):315-338.
    Nearly as famous as his denial of the existence of matter is Berkeley's insistence that his philosophy is somehow a defense of commonsense. This is most often taken to mean that Berkeley thinks of his philosophy as supporting commonsense beliefs. However, the inadequacies of such views have persuaded some to disregard entirely Berkeley's claims about commonsense. Both readings are undesirable. Extant interpretations misunderstand the relationship between Berkeley's philosophy and commonsense. In this paper, I present a new account of how to (...)
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  36.  20
    Godel's Theorem in Focus.S. G. Shanker (ed.) - 1990 - Routledge.
    A layman's guide to the mechanics of Gödel's proof together with a lucid discussion of the issues which it raises. Includes an essay discussing the significance of Gödel's work in the light of Wittgenstein's criticisms.
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  37.  8
    “It’s Just Another Added Benefit”: Women’s Experiences with Employment-Based Egg Freezing Programs.S. A. Miner, W. K. Miller, C. Grady & B. E. Berkman - 2021 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 12 (1):41-52.
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  38. Darwin's Argument in the Origin.M. J. S. Hodge - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (3):461-464.
    Various claims have been made, recently, that Darwin's argumentation in the Origin instantiates and so supports some general philosophical proposal about scientific theorizing, for example, the "semantic view". But these claims are grounded in various incorrect analyses of that argumentation. A summary is given here of an analysis defended at greater length in several papers by the present author. The historical and philosophical advantages of this analysis are explained briefly. Darwin's argument comprises three distinct evidential cases on behalf of natural (...)
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  39.  15
    Acheloos: eine Monographie.N. G. L. Hammond & H. P. Isler - 1971 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 91:177-178.
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  40. Simpson's Paradox and Causality.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay, Mark Greenwood, Don Dcruz & Venkata Raghavan - 2015 - American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (1):13-25.
    There are three questions associated with Simpson’s Paradox (SP): (i) Why is SP paradoxical? (ii) What conditions generate SP?, and (iii) What should be done about SP? By developing a logic-based account of SP, it is argued that (i) and (ii) must be divorced from (iii). This account shows that (i) and (ii) have nothing to do with causality, which plays a role only in addressing (iii). A counterexample is also presented against the causal account. Finally, the causal and logic-based (...)
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  41.  79
    Stanford’s Unconceived Alternatives From the Perspective of Epistemic Obligations.Matthew S. Sample - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):856-866.
    Kyle Stanford’s reformulation of the problem of underdetermination has the potential to highlight the epistemic obligations of scientists. Stanford, however, presents the phenomenon of unconceived alternatives as a problem for realists, despite critics’ insistence that we have contextual explanations for scientists’ failure to conceive of their successors’ theories. I propose that responsibilist epistemology and the concept of “role oughts,” as discussed by Lorraine Code and Richard Feldman, can pacify Stanford’s critics and reveal broader relevance of the “new induction.” The possibility (...)
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  42.  2
    A Companion to Heidegger’s Phenomenology of Religious Life.S. J. McGrath & Andrzej Wierciński (eds.) - 2010 - Rodopi.
    In the academic year 1920-1921 at the University of Freiburg, Martin Heidegger gave a series of extraordinary lectures on the phenomenological significance of the religious thought of St. Paul and St. Augustine. The publication of these lectures in 1995 settled a long disputed question, the decisive role played by Christian theology in the development of Heidegger’s philosophy. The lectures present a special challenge to readers of Heidegger and theology alike. Experimenting with language and drawing upon a wide range of now (...)
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  43.  27
    Understanding Children's and Adults' Limitations in Mental State Reasoning.S. Birch - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (6):255-260.
  44. Plato's Sophist. A Commentary.R. S. Bluck & Gordon C. Neal - 1975
     
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  45. Newcomb's Problem, Prisoners' Dilemma, and Collective Action.S. L. Hurley - 1991 - Synthese 86 (2):173 - 196.
    Among various cases that equally admit of evidentialist reasoning, the supposedly evidentialist solution has varying degrees of intuitive attractiveness. I suggest that cooperative reasoning may account for the appeal of apparently evidentialist behavior in the cases in which it is intuitively attractive, while the inapplicability of cooperative reasoning may account for the unattractiveness of evidentialist behaviour in other cases. A collective causal power with respect to agreed outcomes, not evidentialist reasoning, makes cooperation attractive in the Prisoners' Dilemma. And a natural (...)
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  46. Plato's Phaedo: A Translation of Plato's Phaedo with Introduction, Notes and Appendices.R. S. BLUCK - 1955 - Bobbs-Merrill.
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  47. Søren Kierkegaard's Journals and Papers, 3.1: L-P.Søren Kierkegaard - 1975 - Indiana University Press.
    The incidental writings of Søren Kierkegaard, published in the twenty-volume Danish edition of the Papirer, provide direct access to the thought of the many-faceted nineteenth-century philosopher who exerted so profound an influence on Protestant theology and modern existentialism. This important material, which Danish scholars regard as the "key to the scriptures" of Kierkegaard’s other work, spans his entire productive life, the last entry of the Papirer being dated only a few days before his death. These writings have been previously inaccessible (...)
     
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  48. Plato's Method of Division.S. Marc Cohen - 1973 - In J. M. E. Moravcsik (ed.), Patterns in Plato's Thought. Reidel. pp. 181--191.
    Critical discussion of J.M.E. Moravcsik's paper on Plato's method of division.
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  49.  36
    Risk, Contractualism, and Rose's "Prevention Paradox".S. D. John - 2014 - Social Theory and Practice 40 (1):28-50.
    Geoffrey Rose’s prevention paradox points to a tension between two prima facie plausible moral principles: that we should save the greater number and that weshould save the most at risk. This paper argues that a novel moral theory, ex-ante contractualism, captures our intuitions in many prevention paradox cases, regardless of our interpretation of probability claims. However, it goes on to show that it might be impossible to square ex-ante contractualism with all of our moral intuitions. It concludes that even if (...)
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  50.  5
    Hobbe's Political Theory.S. A. Lloyd - 1990 - Ethics 100 (2):421-422.
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