244 found
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  1. Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity.Scott Soames - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    In this fascinating work, Scott Soames offers a new conception of the relationship between linguistic meaning and assertions made by utterances. He gives meanings of proper names and natural kind predicates and explains their use in attitude ascriptions. He also demonstrates the irrelevance of rigid designation in understanding why theoretical identities containing such predicates are necessary, if true.
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  2.  22
    What is Meaning?Scott Soames - 2010 - Princeton University Press.
    The tradition descending from Frege and Russell has typically treated theories of meaning either as theories of meanings, or as theories of truth conditions. However, propositions of the classical sort don't exist, and truth conditions can't provide all the information required by a theory of meaning. In this book, one of the world's leading philosophers of language offers a way out of this dilemma. Traditionally conceived, propositions are denizens of a "third realm" beyond mind and matter, "grasped" by mysterious Platonic (...)
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  3. Understanding Truth.Scott Soames - 1998 - Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press USA.
    In this book, Scott Soames illuminates the notion of truth and the role it plays in our ordinary thought as well as in our logical, philosophical, and scientific theories. Soames aims to integrate and deepen the most significant insights on truth from a variety of sources. He powerfully brings together the best technical work and the most important philosophical reflection on truth and shows how each can illuminate the other. Investigating such questions as whether we need a truth predicate at (...)
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  4. New Thinking About Propositions.Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames & Jeff Speaks - 2014 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
    Philosophy, science, and common sense all refer to propositions--things we believe and say, and things which are true or false. But there is no consensus on what sorts of things these entities are. Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames, and Jeff Speaks argue that commitment to propositions is indispensable, and each defend their own views on the debate.
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  5.  58
    Rethinking Language, Mind, and Meaning.Scott Soames - 2015 - Princeton University Press.
    In this book, Scott Soames argues that the revolution in the study of language and mind that has taken place since the late nineteenth century must be rethought. The central insight in the reigning tradition is that propositions are representational. To know the meaning of a sentence or the content of a belief requires knowing which things it represents as being which ways, and therefore knowing what the world must be like if it is to conform to how the sentence (...)
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  6. Direct Reference, Propositional Attitudes, and Semantic Content.Scott Soames - 1987 - Philosophical Topics 15 (1):47-87.
  7. Reference and Description: The Case Against Two-Dimensionalism.Scott Soames - 2005 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    In this book, Scott Soames defends the revolution in philosophy led by Saul Kripke, Hilary Putnam, and David Kaplan against attack from those wishing to revive ..
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  8.  8
    Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Volume 1: The Dawn of Analysis.Scott Soames - 2003 - Princeton University Press.
    Introduction to the Two Volumes xi PART ONE: G. E. MOORE ON ETHICS, EPISTEMOLOGY, AND PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS 1 CHAPTER 1 Common Sense and Philosophical Analysis 3 CHAPTER 2 Moore on Skepticism, Perception, and Knowledge 12 CHAPTER 3 Moore on Goodness and the Foundations of Ethics 34 CHAPTER 4 The Legacies and Lost Opportunities of Moore’s Ethics 71 Suggested Further Reading 89 PART TWO: BERTRAND RUSSELL ON LOGICAL AND LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS 91 CHAPTER 5 Logical Form, Grammatical Form, and the Theory of (...)
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  9.  27
    Philosophy of Language.Scott Soames - 2010 - Princeton University Press.
    In this book one of the world's foremost philosophers of language presents his unifying vision of the field--its principal achievements, its most pressing current questions, and its most promising future directions. In addition to explaining the progress philosophers have made toward creating a theoretical framework for the study of language, Scott Soames investigates foundational concepts--such as truth, reference, and meaning--that are central to the philosophy of language and important to philosophy as a whole. The first part of the book describes (...)
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  10.  50
    Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century Vol 1.: The Dawn of Meaning.Scott Soames - 2003 - Princeton University Press.
    This is a major, wide-ranging history of analytic philosophy since 1900, told by one of the tradition's leading contemporary figures.
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  11.  71
    Rethinking Language, Mind, and Meaning.Scott Soames - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (9):2529-2532.
  12.  51
    Direct Reference, Propositional Attitudes, and Semantic Content.Scott Soames - 1987 - In Philosophical Essays, Volume 2: The Philosophical Significance of Language. Princeton University Press. pp. 33-71.
  13. Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity.Scott Soames - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (217):637-640.
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  14.  59
    Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century Vol. 2: The Age of Meaning.Scott Soames - 2003 - Princeton University Press.
    This is a major, wide-ranging history of analytic philosophy since 1900, told by one of the tradition's leading contemporary figures. The first volume takes the story from 1900 to mid-century. The second brings the history up to date.
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  15.  29
    Propositions and Attitudes.Nathan U. Salmon & Scott Soames (eds.) - 1988 - Oxford University Press.
    The concept of a proposition is important in several areas of philosophy and central to the philosophy of language. This collection of readings investigates many different philosophical issues concerning the nature of propositions and the ways they have been regarded through the years. Reflecting both the history of the topic and the range of contemporary views, the book includes articles from Bertrand Russell, Gottlob Frege, the Russell-Frege Correspondence, Alonzo Church, David Kaplan, John Perry, Saul Kripke, Hilary Putnam, Mark Richard, Scott (...)
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  16. Propositions as Cognitive Acts.Scott Soames - 2019 - Synthese 196 (4):1369-1383.
    The paper reviews the central components of the cognitive theory of propositions and explains both its empirical advantages for theories of language and mind and its foundational metaphysical and epistemological advantages over other theories. It then answers a leading objection to the theory, before closing by raising the issue of how questions, which are the contents of interrogative sentences, and directives, which are the contents of imperative sentences, are related to propositions.
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  17.  80
    Cognitive Propositions.Scott Soames - 2013 - Philosophical Perspectives 27 (1):479-501.
  18.  10
    Understanding Truth.Scott Soames - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (2):397-401.
    Part one attempts to diffuse five different forms of truth skepticism, broadly conceived: the view that truth is indefinable, that it is unknowable, that it is inextricably metaphysical, that there is no such thing as truth, and the view that truth is inherently paradoxical, and so must either be abandoned, or revised. An intriguing formulation of the last of these views is due to Alfred Tarski, who argued that the Liar paradox shows natural languages to be inconsistent because they contain (...)
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  19. Semantics and Semantic Competence.Scott Soames - 1989 - Philosophical Perspectives 3:575-596.
  20. Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century.Scott Soames - 2005 - Filosoficky Casopis 53:794-798.
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  21.  77
    How Presuppositions Are Inherited: A Solution to the Projection Problem.Scott Soames - 1982 - Linguistic Inquiry 13:483-545.
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  22. What is a Theory of Truth?Scott Soames - 1984 - Journal of Philosophy 81 (8):411-429.
    412 THE JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY There are theories that try, in my opinion unsuccessfully, to do just this. Tarski's theory, which restricts itself to cases in which truth is predicated of sentences of certain formal languages, is not one of them. Thus, Tarski cannot be seen.
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  23. The Modal Argument: Wide Scope and Rigidified Descriptions.Scott Soames - 1998 - Noûs 32 (1):1-22.
  24.  22
    Reference and Description.Scott Soames - 2005 - In Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 397.
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  25. Ontology, Analyticity, and Meaning : The Quine-Carnap Dispute.Scott Soames - 2009 - In David Chalmers, David Manley & Ryan Wasserman (eds.), Metametaphysics: New Essays on the Foundations of Ontology. Oxford University Press. pp. 424--43.
    In the middle of the twentieth century a dispute erupted between the chief architect of Logical Empiricism, Rudolf Carnap, and Logical Empiricism’s chief reformer, Willard van Orman Quine -- who was attempting to save what he took to be its main insights by recasting them in a more acceptable form. Though both eschewed metaphysics of the traditional apriori sort, and both were intent on making the investigation of science the center of philosophy, they disagreed about how to do so. Part (...)
     
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  26. Linguistics and Psychology.Scott Soames - 1984 - Linguistics and Philosophy 7 (2):155 - 179.
  27. Beyond Singular Propositions?Scott Soames - 1995 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):515 - 549.
    Propositional attitudes, like believing and asserting, are relations between agents and propositions. Agents are individuals who do the believing and asserting; propositions are things that are believed and asserted. Propositional attitude ascriptions are sentences that ascribe propositional attitudes to agents. For example, a propositional attitude ascription α believes, or asserts, that S is true iff the referent of a bears the relation of believing, or asserting, to the proposition expressed by s. The questions I will address have to do with (...)
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  28.  90
    Tacit Knowledge.Christina Graves, Jerrold J. Katz, Yuji Nishiyama, Scott Soames, Robert Stecker & Peter Tovey - 1973 - Journal of Philosophy 70 (11):318-330.
  29. Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century.Scott Soames - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (222):121-131.
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  30. Kripke on Epistemic and Metaphysical Possibility: Two Routes to the Necessary Aposteriori.Scott Soames - 2011 - In Alan Berger (ed.), Saul Kripke. Cambridge University Press. pp. 167-188.
    Saul Kripke’s discussion of the necessary aposteriori in Naming and Necessity and “Identity and Necessity” -- in which he lays the foundation for distinguishing epistemic from metaphysical possibility, and explaining the relationship between the two – is, in my opinion, one of the outstanding achievements of twentieth century philosophy.1 My aim in this essay is to extract the enduring lessons of his discussion, and disentangle them from certain difficulties which, alas, can also be found there. I will argue that there (...)
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  31. Lost Innocence.Scott Soames - 1985 - Linguistics and Philosophy 8 (1):59--71.
  32. True At. [REVIEW]Scott Soames - 2011 - Analysis 71 (1):124 - 133.
    Cappelen and Hawthorne tell us that the most basic, explanatory notion of truth is a monadic property of propositions. Other notions of truth, including those applying to sentences, are to be explained in terms of it. Among them are those found in Kripkean, Montagovian, and Kaplanean semantic theories, and their descendants – to wit truth at a context, at a circumstance, and at a context-plus-circumstance. If these are to make sense, the authors correctly maintain, they must be explained in terms (...)
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  33. Drawing the Line Between Meaning and Implicature—and Relating Both to Assertion.Scott Soames - 2008 - Noûs 42 (3):440-465.
    Paul Grice’s theory of Conversational Implicature is, by all accounts, one of the great achievements of the past fifty years -- both of analytic philosophy and of the empirical study of language. Its guiding idea is that constraints on the use of sentences, and information conveyed by utterances of them, arise not only from their conventional meanings (the information they semantically encode) but also from the communicative uses to which they are put. In his view, the overriding goal of most (...)
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  34.  64
    Incomplete Definite Descriptions.Scott Soames - 1986 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 27 (3):349--375.
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  35.  3
    Substitutivity.Scott Soames - 1987 - In Judith Jarvis Thomson (ed.), On Being and Saying: Essays for Richard Cartwright. MIT Press. pp. 99-132.
  36. Semantics and Psychology.Scott Soames - 1985 - In Jerrold J. Katz (ed.), The Philosophy of Linguistics. Oxford University Press. pp. 204--226.
     
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  37.  53
    Logic as Grammar by Norbert Hornstein. [REVIEW]Scott Soames - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (8):447-455.
  38.  66
    The Analytic Tradition in Philosophy, Volume 1: The Founding Giants.Scott Soames - 2014 - Princeton University Press.
    Volume 1 examines the initial phase of the analytic tradition through the major contributions of three of its four founding giants—Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, and G. E. Moore. Soames describes and analyzes their work in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, and the philosophy of language. He explains how by about 1920 their efforts had made logic, language, and mathematics central to philosophy in an unprecedented way. But although logic, language, and mathematics were now seen as powerful tools (...)
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  39.  5
    The Analytic Tradition in Philosophy, Volume 2: A New Vision.Scott Soames - 2017 - Princeton University Press.
    An in-depth history of the linguistic turn in analytic philosophy, from a leading philosopher of language This is the second of five volumes of a definitive history of analytic philosophy from the invention of modern logic in 1879 to the end of the twentieth century. Scott Soames, a leading philosopher of language and historian of analytic philosophy, provides the fullest and most detailed account of the analytic tradition yet published, one that is unmatched in its chronological range, topics covered, and (...)
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  40.  16
    The Modal Argument: Wide Scope and Rigidified Descriptions.Scott Soames - 2009 - In Philosophical Essays, Volume 2: The Philosophical Significance of Language. Princeton University Press. pp. 139-164.
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  41. Direct Reference and Propositional Attitudes.Scott Soames - 1989 - In John Perry, J. Almog & Howard K. Wettstein (eds.), Themes From Kaplan. Oxford University Press. pp. 393--419.
     
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  42. Higher-Order Vagueness for Partially Defined Predicates.Scott Soames - 2003 - In J. C. Beall (ed.), Liars and Heaps: New Essays on Paradox. Clarendon Press.
    A theory of higher-order vagueness for partially-defined, context-sensitive predicates like is blue is offered. According to the theory, the predicate is determinately blue means roughly is an object o such that the claim that o is blue is a necessary consequence of the rules of the language plus the underlying non-linguistic facts in the world. Because the question of which rules count as rules of the language is itself vague, the predicate is determinately blue is both vague and partial in (...)
     
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  43. Naming and Asserting.Scott Soames - 2005 - In Zoltan Gendler Szabo (ed.), Semantics Versus Pragmatics. Oxford University Press. pp. 356--382.
  44. Actually.Scott Soames - 2007 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):251-277.
  45. Truth, Meaning, and Understanding.Scott Soames - 1992 - Philosophical Studies 65 (1-2):17-35.
  46. Yes, the Search for Explanation is All We Have.Scott Soames - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (9):2565-2573.
  47.  49
    The Gap Between Meaning and Assertion: Why What We Literally Say Often Differs From What Our Words Literally Mean.Scott Soames - 2008 - In Philosophical Essays, Volume 1: Natural Language: What It Means and How We Use It. Princeton University Press. pp. 278-297.
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  48. The Philosophical Significance of the Kripkean Necessary Aposteriori.Scott Soames - 2006 - Philosophical Issues 16 (1):288–309.
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  49. Why Propositions Cannot Be Sets of Truth-Supporting Circumstances.Scott Soames - 2008 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (3):267-276.
    No semantic theory satisfying certain natural constraints can identify the semantic contents of sentences (the propositions they express), with sets of circumstances in which the sentences are true–no matter how fine-grained the circumstances are taken to be. An objection to the proof is shown to fail by virtue of conflating model-theoretic consequence between sentences with truth-conditional consequence between the semantic contents of sentences. The error underlines the impotence of distinguishing semantics, in the sense of a truth-based theory of logical consequence, (...)
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  50. Skepticism About Meaning, Indeterminacy, Normativity, and the Rule-Following Paradox.Scott Soames - 1998 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supp 23 (sup1):211--50.
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