241 found
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  1. Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity.Scott Soames - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    In this fascinating work, Scott Soames offers a new conception of the relationship between linguistic meaning and assertions made by utterances. He gives meanings of proper names and natural kind predicates and explains their use in attitude ascriptions. He also demonstrates the irrelevance of rigid designation in understanding why theoretical identities containing such predicates are necessary, if true.
  2. What is Meaning?Scott Soames - 2010 - Princeton University Press.
    The tradition descending from Frege and Russell has typically treated theories of meaning either as theories of meanings, or as theories of truth conditions. However, propositions of the classical sort don't exist, and truth conditions can't provide all the information required by a theory of meaning. In this book, one of the world's leading philosophers of language offers a way out of this dilemma. Traditionally conceived, propositions are denizens of a "third realm" beyond mind and matter, "grasped" by mysterious Platonic (...)
     
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  3. New Thinking About Propositions.Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames & Jeff Speaks - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Philosophy, science, and common sense all refer to propositions--things we believe and say, and things which are true or false. But there is no consensus on what sorts of things these entities are. Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames, and Jeff Speaks argue that commitment to propositions is indispensable, and each defend their own views on the debate.
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  4.  36
    Rethinking Language, Mind, and Meaning.Scott Soames - 2015 - Princeton University Press.
  5. Understanding Truth.Scott Soames - 1998 - Oxford University Press USA.
    In this book, Scott Soames illuminates the notion of truth and the role it plays in our ordinary thought as well as in our logical, philosophical, and scientific theories. Soames aims to integrate and deepen the most significant insights on truth from a variety of sources. He powerfully brings together the best technical work and the most important philosophical reflection on truth and shows how each can illuminate the other. Investigating such questions as whether we need a truth predicate at (...)
  6. Reference and Description: The Case Against Two-Dimensionalism.Scott Soames - 2005 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    In this book, Scott Soames defends the revolution in philosophy led by Saul Kripke, Hilary Putnam, and David Kaplan against attack from those wishing to revive ..
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  7. Higher-Order Vagueness for Partially Defined Predicates.Scott Soames - 2003 - In J. C. Beall (ed.), Liars and Heaps: New Essays on Paradox. Clarendon Press.
    A theory of higher-order vagueness for partially-defined, context-sensitive predicates like is blue is offered. According to the theory, the predicate is determinately blue means roughly is an object o such that the claim that o is blue is a necessary consequence of the rules of the language plus the underlying non-linguistic facts in the world. Because the question of which rules count as rules of the language is itself vague, the predicate is determinately blue is both vague and partial in (...)
     
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  8.  42
    Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century.Scott Soames - 2003 - Princeton University Press.
    This is a major, wide-ranging history of analytic philosophy since 1900, told by one of the tradition's leading contemporary figures.
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  9. Direct Reference, Propositional Attitudes, and Semantic Content.Scott Soames - 1987 - Philosophical Topics 15 (1):47-87.
  10.  58
    Rethinking Language, Mind, and Meaning.Scott Soames - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (9):2529-2532.
  11. The Analytic Tradition in Philosophy, Volume 2: A New Vision.Scott Soames - 2018 - Princeton University Press.
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  12.  38
    Direct Reference, Propositional Attitudes, and Semantic Content.Scott Soames - 2009 - In Philosophical Essays, Volume 2: The Philosophical Significance of Language. Princeton University Press. pp. 33-71.
  13.  19
    Philosophy of Language.Scott Soames - 2010 - Princeton University Press.
    In this book one of the world's foremost philosophers of language presents his unifying vision of the field--its principal achievements, its most pressing current questions, and its most promising future directions. In addition to explaining the progress philosophers have made toward creating a theoretical framework for the study of language, Scott Soames investigates foundational concepts--such as truth, reference, and meaning--that are central to the philosophy of language and important to philosophy as a whole. The first part of the book describes (...)
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  14. Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity.Scott Soames - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (217):637-640.
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  15.  43
    Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century Vol. 2: The Age of Meaning.Scott Soames - 2003 - Princeton University Press.
    This is a major, wide-ranging history of analytic philosophy since 1900, told by one of the tradition's leading contemporary figures. The first volume takes the story from 1900 to mid-century. The second brings the history up to date.
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  16. Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Volume 1: The Dawn of Analysis.Scott Soames - 2003 - Princeton University Press.
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  17.  6
    Understanding Truth.Scott Soames - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (2):397-401.
    Part one attempts to diffuse five different forms of truth skepticism, broadly conceived: the view that truth is indefinable, that it is unknowable, that it is inextricably metaphysical, that there is no such thing as truth, and the view that truth is inherently paradoxical, and so must either be abandoned, or revised. An intriguing formulation of the last of these views is due to Alfred Tarski, who argued that the Liar paradox shows natural languages to be inconsistent because they contain (...)
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  18.  67
    Cognitive Propositions.Scott Soames - 2013 - Philosophical Perspectives 27 (1):479-501.
  19. Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century.Scott Soames - 2005 - Filosoficky Casopis 53:794-798.
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  20. Propositions and Attitudes.Nathan U. Salmon & Scott Soames (eds.) - 1988 - Oxford University Press.
    The concept of a proposition is important in several areas of philosophy and central to the philosophy of language. This collection of readings investigates many different philosophical issues concerning the nature of propositions and the ways they have been regarded through the years. Reflecting both the history of the topic and the range of contemporary views, the book includes articles from Bertrand Russell, Gottlob Frege, the Russell-Frege Correspondence, Alonzo Church, David Kaplan, John Perry, Saul Kripke, Hilary Putnam, Mark Richard, Scott (...)
     
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  21. True At. [REVIEW]Scott Soames - 2011 - Analysis 71 (1):124 - 133.
    Cappelen and Hawthorne tell us that the most basic, explanatory notion of truth is a monadic property of propositions. Other notions of truth, including those applying to sentences, are to be explained in terms of it. Among them are those found in Kripkean, Montagovian, and Kaplanean semantic theories, and their descendants – to wit truth at a context, at a circumstance, and at a context-plus-circumstance. If these are to make sense, the authors correctly maintain, they must be explained in terms (...)
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  22. Drawing the Line Between Meaning and Implicature—and Relating Both to Assertion.Scott Soames - 2008 - Noûs 42 (3):440-465.
    Paul Grice’s theory of Conversational Implicature is, by all accounts, one of the great achievements of the past fifty years -- both of analytic philosophy and of the empirical study of language. Its guiding idea is that constraints on the use of sentences, and information conveyed by utterances of them, arise not only from their conventional meanings (the information they semantically encode) but also from the communicative uses to which they are put. In his view, the overriding goal of most (...)
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  23. Ontology, Analyticity, and Meaning : The Quine-Carnap Dispute.Scott Soames - 2009 - In David John Chalmers, David Manley & Ryan Wasserman (eds.), Metametaphysics: New Essays on the Foundations of Ontology. Oxford University Press. pp. 424--43.
    In the middle of the twentieth century a dispute erupted between the chief architect of Logical Empiricism, Rudolf Carnap, and Logical Empiricism’s chief reformer, Willard van Orman Quine -- who was attempting to save what he took to be its main insights by recasting them in a more acceptable form. Though both eschewed metaphysics of the traditional apriori sort, and both were intent on making the investigation of science the center of philosophy, they disagreed about how to do so. Part (...)
     
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  24.  19
    Reference and Description.Scott Soames - 2005 - In Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 397.
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  25. Semantics and Semantic Competence.Scott Soames - 1989 - Philosophical Perspectives 3:575-596.
  26. The Modal Argument: Wide Scope and Rigidified Descriptions.Scott Soames - 1998 - Noûs 32 (1):1-22.
  27.  13
    Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Volume 1: The Dawn of Analysis.Scott Soames - 2005 - Princeton University Press.
    I discuss Soames's proposal that Moore could have avoided a central problem in his moral philosophy if he had utilized a method he himself pioneered in epistemology. The problem in Moore's moral philossophy concerns what it is for a moral claim to be self-evident. The method in Moore's epistemology concerns not denying the obvious. In view of the distance between something's being self-evident and its being obvious, it is suggested that Soames's proposal is mistaken.
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  28.  32
    The Analytic Tradition in Philosophy: Volume 2—a New Vision.Scott Soames - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (5):1341-1345.
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  29.  3
    Acknowledgments.Scott Soames - 2010 - In Philosophy of Language. Princeton University Press.
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  30. Actually.Scott Soames - 2007 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):251-277.
  31.  65
    How Presuppositions Are Inherited: A Solution to the Projection Problem.Scott Soames - 1982 - Linguistic Inquiry 13:483-545.
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  32. Beyond Singular Propositions?Scott Soames - 1995 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):515 - 549.
    Propositional attitudes, like believing and asserting, are relations between agents and propositions. Agents are individuals who do the believing and asserting; propositions are things that are believed and asserted. Propositional attitude ascriptions are sentences that ascribe propositional attitudes to agents. For example, a propositional attitude ascription α believes, or asserts, that S is true iff the referent of a bears the relation of believing, or asserting, to the proposition expressed by s. The questions I will address have to do with (...)
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  33. Kripke on Epistemic and Metaphysical Possibility: Two Routes to the Necessary Aposteriori.Scott Soames - 2011 - In Alan Berger (ed.), Saul Kripke. Cambridge University Press. pp. 167-188.
    Saul Kripke’s discussion of the necessary aposteriori in Naming and Necessity and “Identity and Necessity” -- in which he lays the foundation for distinguishing epistemic from metaphysical possibility, and explaining the relationship between the two – is, in my opinion, one of the outstanding achievements of twentieth century philosophy.1 My aim in this essay is to extract the enduring lessons of his discussion, and disentangle them from certain difficulties which, alas, can also be found there. I will argue that there (...)
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  34.  99
    The Philosophical Significance of the Kripkean Necessary Aposteriori.Scott Soames - 2006 - Philosophical Issues 16 (1):288–309.
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  35.  85
    Yes, the Search for Explanation is All We Have.Scott Soames - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (9):2565-2573.
  36.  40
    The Gap Between Meaning and Assertion: Why What We Literally Say Often Differs From What Our Words Literally Mean.Scott Soames - 2008 - In Philosophical Essays, Volume 1: Natural Language: What It Means and How We Use It. Princeton University Press. pp. 278-297.
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  37.  93
    Propositions as Cognitive Acts.Scott Soames - 2019 - Synthese 196 (4):1369-1383.
    The paper reviews the central components of the cognitive theory of propositions and explains both its empirical advantages for theories of language and mind and its foundational metaphysical and epistemological advantages over other theories. It then answers a leading objection to the theory, before closing by raising the issue of how questions, which are the contents of interrogative sentences, and directives, which are the contents of imperative sentences, are related to propositions.
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  38. Naming and Asserting.Scott Soames - 2005 - In Zoltan Gendler Szabo (ed.), Semantics Versus Pragmatics. Oxford University Press. pp. 356--382.
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  39.  14
    Chapter 17. Meaning and Holistic Verificationism.Scott Soames - 2003 - In Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Volume 1: The Dawn of Analysis. Princeton University Press. pp. 378-405.
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  40.  11
    The Modal Argument: Wide Scope and Rigidified Descriptions.Scott Soames - 2009 - In Philosophical Essays, Volume 2: The Philosophical Significance of Language. Princeton University Press. pp. 139-164.
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  41. What is a Theory of Truth?Scott Soames - 1984 - Journal of Philosophy 81 (8):411-429.
    412 THE JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY There are theories that try, in my opinion unsuccessfully, to do just this. Tarski's theory, which restricts itself to cases in which truth is predicated of sentences of certain formal languages, is not one of them. Thus, Tarski cannot be seen.
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  42. Linguistics and Psychology.Scott Soames - 1984 - Linguistics and Philosophy 7 (2):155 - 179.
  43. Why Propositions Cannot Be Sets of Truth-Supporting Circumstances.Scott Soames - 2008 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (3):267-276.
    No semantic theory satisfying certain natural constraints can identify the semantic contents of sentences (the propositions they express), with sets of circumstances in which the sentences are true–no matter how fine-grained the circumstances are taken to be. An objection to the proof is shown to fail by virtue of conflating model-theoretic consequence between sentences with truth-conditional consequence between the semantic contents of sentences. The error underlines the impotence of distinguishing semantics, in the sense of a truth-based theory of logical consequence, (...)
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  44. Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century.Scott Soames - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (222):121-131.
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  45. Truth and Meaning: In Perspective.Scott Soames - 2008 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 32 (1):1-19.
    My topic is the attempt by Donald Davidson, and those inspired by him, to explain knowledge of meaning in terms of knowledge of truth conditions. For Davidsonians, these attempts take the form of rationales for treating theories of truth, constructed along Tarskian lines, as empirical theories of meaning. In earlier work1, I argued that Davidson’s two main rationales – one presented in “Truth and Meaning”2 and “Radical Interpretation,”3 and the other in his “Reply to Foster ”4 – were unsuccessful. Here, (...)
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  46. Semantics and Psychology.Scott Soames - 1985 - In Jerrold J. Katz (ed.), The Philosophy of Linguistics. Oxford University Press. pp. 204--226.
     
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  47.  74
    Tacit Knowledge.Christina Graves, Jerrold J. Katz, Yuji Nishiyama, Scott Soames, Robert Stecker & Peter Tovey - 1973 - Journal of Philosophy 70 (11):318-330.
  48. Vagueness in the Law.Scott Soames - 2012 - In Marmor Andrei (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Law. Routledge. pp. 95.
  49. Direct Reference and Propositional Attitudes.Scott Soames - 1989 - In John Perry, J. Almog & Howard K. Wettstein (eds.), Themes From Kaplan. Oxford University Press. pp. 393--419.
     
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  50.  51
    Logic as Grammar by Norbert Hornstein. [REVIEW]Scott Soames - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (8):447-455.
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