Results for 'Shelton Macleod'

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  1.  5
    A Construction and Attempted Validation of Sensory Sweetness Scales.Shelton Macleod - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (5):316.
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  2.  10
    Lucian. Ed. And Trans. M. D. Macleod. Vol. 8. London: W. Heinemann. 1967. Pp. X + 535. £1 5s. [REVIEW]Jacques Bompaire & M. D. MacLeod - 1970 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 90 (1):219-219.
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  3.  8
    Lucian. Trans. M. D. Macleod. Vol. Vii. London: W. Heinemann. 1961. Pp. Xi + 476. 18s.B. J. Sims & M. D. MacLeod - 1963 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 83 (1):172-173.
  4.  39
    Hegel’s Social Philosophy: The Project of Reconciliation.Mark Shelton - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (1):128.
    Michael Hardimon’s new book is a valuable study of Hegel’s social and political philosophy. Hardimon takes seriously Hegel’s intention to offer a social philosophy that can reconcile people to the modern social world. Since Hegel’s own presentation of his philosophy is motivated by a number of competing concerns, Hardimon’s admirable success at reconstructing Hegel’s view in accordance with this fundamental intention offers an important and insightful perspective on Hegel’s project. The focal points of Hardimon’s reconstruction—the aim of reconciliation and the (...)
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  5.  14
    Retraction of Savine, McDaniel, Shelton, and Scullin.Adam C. Savine, Mark A. McDaniel, Jill Talley Shelton & Michael K. Scullin - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (4):1276-1276.
  6.  14
    Luciani Opera. Tomus I. Libelli 1–25. Recognovit brevique adnotatione critica instruxit M. D. Macleod. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1972. Pp. xxi + 336. £2·50. [REVIEW]B. P. Reardon & M. D. MacLeod - 1974 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 94:200-201.
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  7.  18
    Were the “Pioneer” Clinical Ethics Consultants “Outsiders”? For Them, Was “Critical Distance” That Critical?Bruce D. White, Wayne N. Shelton & Cassandra J. Rivais - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (6):34-44.
    “Clinical ethics consultants” have been practicing in the United States for about 50 years. Most of the earliest consultants—the “pioneers”—were “outsiders” when they first appeared at patients' bedsides and in the clinic. However, if they were outsiders initially, they acclimated to the clinical setting and became “insiders” very quickly. Moreover, there was some tension between traditional academics and those doing applied ethics about whether there was sufficient “critical distance” for appropriate reflection about the complex medical ethics dilemmas of the day (...)
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  8.  16
    Model Coupling in Resource Economics: Conditions for Effective Interdisciplinary Collaboration.MacLeod Miles & Michiru Nagatsu - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (3):412-433.
    In this article we argue for the importance of studying interdisciplinary collaborations by focusing on the role that good choice and design of model-building frameworks and strategies can play overcoming the inherent difficulties of collaborative research. We provide an empirical study of particular collaborations between economists and ecologists in resource economics. We discuss various features of how models are put together for interdisciplinary collaboration in these cases and show how the use of a coupled-model framework in this case to coordinate (...)
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  9. A Libertarian Response to Macleod 2012: “If You’Re a Libertarian, How Come You’Re So Rich?”.J. C. Lester - 2014 - In Explaining Libertarianism: Some Philosophical Arguments. Buckingham, England: The University of Buckingham Press. pp. 95-105.
    This is a response to Macleod 2012's argument that the history of unjust property acquisitions requires rich libertarians to give away everything in excess of equality. At first, problematic questions are raised. How much property is usually inherited or illegitimate? Why should legitimate inheritance be affected? What of the burden of proof and court cases? A counterfactual problem is addressed. Three important cases are considered: great earned wealth; American slavery; land usurpation. All are argued to be problematic for (...) 2012's thesis. Various problems are explained concerning using the Nozickian argument to decide the alleged excess that rich libertarians own. The essay's main error is the presupposition that free markets do not help the worst-off. The majority of unjust holdings today are not the result of historical injustices but arise through continuing transfers enabled by taxation and state-regulation. More study of libertarian contributions to the social sciences and philosophy would appear to be desirable "personal behavior" among socialists. (shrink)
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  10.  7
    Physicians’ End of Life Discussions with Patients: Is There an Ethical Obligation to Discuss Aid in Dying?Yan Ming Jane Zhou & Wayne Shelton - 2020 - HEC Forum 32 (3):227-238.
    Since Oregon implemented its Death with Dignity Act, many additional states have followed suit demonstrating a growing understanding and acceptance of aid in dying processes. Traditionally, the patient has been the one to request and seek this option out. However, as Death with Dignity acts continue to expand, it will impact the role of physicians and bring up questions over whether physicians have the ethical obligation to facilitate a conversation about AID with patients during end of life discussions. Patients have (...)
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  11.  17
    Political Theory and Public Policy.Alistair M. Macleod - 1982
  12.  7
    The Paradox of Faculty Attitudes Toward Student Violations of Academic Integrity.Paul Douglas MacLeod & Sarah Elaine Eaton - 2020 - Journal of Academic Ethics 18 (4):347-362.
    This study investigated faculty attitudes towards student violations of academic integrity in Canada using a qualitative review of 17 universities’ academic integrity/dishonesty policies combined with a quantitative survey of faculty members’ attitudes and behaviours around academic integrity and dishonesty. Results showed that 53.1% of survey respondents see academic dishonesty as a worsening problem at their institutions. Generally, they believe their respective institutional policies are sound in principle but fail in application. Two of the major factors identified by faculty as contributing (...)
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  13.  79
    A Process and Format for Clinical Ethics Consultation.Robert D. Orr & Wayne Shelton - 2009 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 20 (1):79.
  14.  32
    Yearning: Race, Gender, and Cultural Politics.LaVerne Shelton - 1993 - Radical Philosophy Review of Books 8 (8):21-24.
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  15.  3
    The Nature of Children's Well-Being: Theory and Practice.Alexander Bagattini & Colin Macleod (eds.) - 2014 - Springer.
    This book presents new findings that deal with different facets of the well-being of children and their relevance to the proper treatment of children. The well-being of children is considered against the background of a wide variety of legal, political, medical, educational and familial perspectives. The book addresses diverse issues from a range of disciplinary perspectives using a variety of methods. It has three major sections with the essays in each section loosely organized about a common general theme. The first (...)
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  16. Universals. Rubenstein, Mary C. MacLeod & M. Eric - manuscript
    Universals are a class of mind independent entities, usually contrasted with individuals, postulated to ground and explain relations of qualitative identity and resemblance among individuals. Individuals are said to be similar in virtue of sharing universals. An apple and a ruby are both red, and their common redness results from sharing a universal. If they are both red at the same time, the universal, red, must be in two places at once. This makes universals quite different from individuals, and controversial. (...)
     
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  17. The Moral and Political Status of Children.David Archard & Colin M. [eds] Macleod - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (216):490-492.
    The book contains original essays by distinguished moral and political philosophers on the topic of the moral and political status of children. It covers the themes of children's rights, parental rights and duties, the family and justice, and civic education.
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  18.  81
    Cognitive Maps and the Hippocampus.Timothy P. McNamara & Amy L. Shelton - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (8):333-335.
  19.  31
    Heightened Ruminative Disposition is Associated with Impaired Attentional Disengagement From Negative Relative to Positive Information: Support for the “Impaired Disengagement” Hypothesis.Felicity Southworth, Ben Grafton, Colin MacLeod & Ed Watkins - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (3).
  20.  82
    Induced Processing Biases Have Causal Effects on Anxiety.Andrew Mathews & Colin MacLeod - 2002 - Cognition and Emotion 16 (3):331-354.
  21.  4
    Thank You Newton, Welcome Prigogine: Unthinking Old Paradigms and Embracing New Directions. Part 1: Theoretical Distinctions.Shelton A. Gunaratne - 2003 - Communications 28 (4):435-455.
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  22.  22
    Enhanced Probing of Attentional Bias: The Independence of Anxiety-Linked Selectivity in Attentional Engagement with and Disengagement From Negative Information.Ben Grafton & Colin MacLeod - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (7):1287-1302.
  23.  27
    The Moral and Political Status of Children.David Archard & Colin M. Macleod (eds.) - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    The book contains original essays by distinguished moral and political philosophers on the topic of the moral and political status of children. It covers the themes of children's rights, parental rights and duties, the family and justice, and civic education.
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  24.  33
    Manipulation of Attention at Study Affects an Explicit but Not an Implicit Test of Memory.Katrin F. Szymanski & Colin M. MacLeod - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 5 (1-2):165-175.
    We investigated the impact of attention during encoding on later retrieval. During study, participants read some words aloud and named the print color of other words aloud . Then one of two memory tests was administered. The explicit test—recognition—required conscious recollection of whether a word was studied. Previously read words were recognized more accurately than were previously color named words. This contrasted sharply with performance on the implicit test—repetition priming in lexical decision. Here, words that were color named during study (...)
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  25.  35
    Should Social Savvy Equal Good Spatial Skills? The Interaction of Social Skills with Spatial Perspective Taking.Amy Lynne Shelton, Amy M. Clements-Stephens, Wai Yim Lam, Diana M. Pak & Alexandra J. Murray - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (2):199-205.
  26.  7
    Posterior Cortical Atrophy: Visuomotor Deficits in Reaching and Grasping.Benjamin P. Meek, Paul Shelton & Jonathan J. Marotta - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  27.  16
    Does Anxiety-Linked Attentional Bias to Threatening Information Reflect Bias in the Setting of Attentional Goals, or Bias in the Execution of Attentional Goals?Julian Basanovic & Colin MacLeod - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (3).
  28.  37
    Biased Attentional Engagement with, and Disengagement From, Negative Information: Independent Cognitive Pathways to Anxiety Vulnerability?Daniel Rudaizky, Julian Basanovic & Colin MacLeod - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (2):245-259.
  29.  5
    A Post-Truth Pandemic?Taylor Shelton - 2020 - Big Data and Society 7 (2).
    As the coronavirus pandemic continues apace in the United States, the dizzying amount of data being generated, analyzed and consumed about the virus has led to calls to proclaim this the first ‘data-driven pandemic’. But at the same time, it seems that this plethora of data has not meant a better grasp on the reality of the pandemic and its effects. Even as we have the potential to digitally track and trace nearly every single individual who has contracted the virus, (...)
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  30.  56
    What Makes Interdisciplinarity Difficult? Some Consequences of Domain Specificity in Interdisciplinary Practice.Miles MacLeod - 2018 - Synthese 195 (2):697-720.
    Research on interdisciplinary science has for the most part concentrated on the institutional obstacles that discourage or hamper interdisciplinary work, with the expectation that interdisciplinary interaction can be improved through institutional reform strategies such as through reform of peer review systems. However institutional obstacles are not the only ones that confront interdisciplinary work. The design of policy strategies would benefit from more detailed investigation into the particular cognitive constraints, including the methodological and conceptual barriers, which also confront attempts to work (...)
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  31.  12
    General Intelligence (G):Overview of a Complex Construct and Its Implications for Genetics Research.Jonathan A. Plucker & Amy L. Shelton - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (S1):S21-S24.
  32.  18
    Anxiety-Linked Task Performance: Dissociating the Influence of Restricted Working Memory Capacity and Increased Investment of Effort.Sarra Hayes, Colin MacLeod & Geoff Hammond - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (4):753-781.
  33.  34
    Group Selection and Group Adaptation During a Major Evolutionary Transition: Insights From the Evolution of Multicellularity in the Volvocine Algae.Deborah E. Shelton & Richard E. Michod - 2014 - Biological Theory 9 (4):452-469.
    Adaptations can occur at different hierarchical levels, but it can be difficult to identify the level of adaptation in specific cases. A major problem is that selection at a lower level can filter up, creating the illusion of selection at a higher level. We use optimality modeling of the volvocine algae to explore the emergence of genuine group adaptations. We find that it is helpful to develop an explicit model for what group fitness would be in the absence of group-level (...)
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  34.  36
    Personal Narratives and Policy: Never the Twain?Morwenna Griffiths & Gale Macleod - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 42 (s1):121-143.
    In this article the extent to which stories and personal narratives can and should be used to inform education policy is examined. A range of studies describable as story or personal narrative is investigated. They include life-studies, life-writing, life history, narrative analysis, and the representation of lives. We use 'auto/biography' as a convenient way of grouping this range under one term. It points to the many and varied ways that accounts of self interrelate and intertwine with accounts of others. That (...)
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  35.  23
    When is It Legitimate to Use Images in Moral Arguments? The Use of Foetal Imagery in Anti-Abortion Campaigns as an Exemplar of an Illegitimate Instance of a Legitimate Practice.Lindsay Kelland & Catriona Macleod - 2015 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 41 (2):179-195.
    We aim to interrogate when the use of images in moral persuasion is legitimate. First, we put forward a number of accounts which purport to show that we can use tools other than logical argumentation to convince others, that such tools evoke affective responses and that these responses have authority in the moral domain. Second, we turn to Sarah McGrath’s account, which focuses on the use of imagery as a means to morally persuade. McGrath discusses 4 objections to the use (...)
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  36.  64
    For Lack of a Better Plan: A Framework for Ethical, Legal, and Clinical Challenges in Complex Inpatient Discharge Planning. [REVIEW]Jane Jankowski, Terese Seastrum, Robert N. Swidler & Wayne Shelton - 2009 - HEC Forum 21 (4):311-326.
    For Lack of a Better Plan: A Framework for Ethical, Legal, and Clinical Challenges in Complex Inpatient Discharge Planning Content Type Journal Article Pages 311-326 DOI 10.1007/s10730-009-9117-6 Authors Jane Jankowski, Albany Medical Center Albany NY 12208 USA Terese Seastrum, Northeast Health 2212 Burdett Ave. Troy NY 12180 USA Robert N. Swidler, Northeast Health 2212 Burdett Ave. Troy NY 12180 USA Wayne Shelton, Alden March Bioethics Institute, Albany Medical College 47 New Scotland Avenue, MC 153 Albany NY 12208-3478 USA Journal (...)
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  37.  5
    Mysticism in Modern Mathematics.H. S. Shelton - 1911 - Mind 20 (77):88-97.
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  38.  4
    Mysticism in Modern Mathematics.H. S. Shelton - 1911 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 8 (6):161-164.
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  39.  1
    Social and Cultural Bonds Left to “the Mercy of the Winds:” an Agricultural Transition.Rebecca E. Shelton & Hallie Eakin - 2020 - Agriculture and Human Values 38 (3):693-708.
    In 2004, the agricultural economies of many rural communities in the United States were impacted by the cessation of a price-support and supply-control program for tobacco production. Tobacco was not only an important livelihood, but also was central to social and cultural life. Using a social–ecological systems lens and the adaptive cycle metaphor, we examine the reorganization of agriculture in communities that previously produced tobacco under the program. Specifically, we seek to understand how transitional policy that provided financial support to (...)
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  40.  4
    In Silico Modeling: The Human Factor.Marta Bertolaso & Miles MacLeod - 2016 - Humana Mente 9 (30).
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  41.  23
    Structuring a Written Examination to Assess ASBH Health Care Ethics Consultation Core Knowledge Competencies.Bruce D. White, Jane B. Jankowski & Wayne N. Shelton - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (1):5-17.
    As clinical ethics consultants move toward professionalization, the process of certifying individual consultants or accrediting programs will be discussed and debated. With certification, some entity must be established or ordained to oversee the standards and procedures. If the process evolves like other professions, it seems plausible that it will eventually include a written examination to evaluate the core knowledge competencies that individual practitioners should possess to meet peer practice standards. The American Society for Bioethics and Humanities has published core knowledge (...)
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  42.  15
    Brief Report Negative Selectivity Effects and Emotional Selectivity Effects in Anxiety: Differential Attentional Correlates of State and Trait Variables.Elizabeth Rutherford, Colin MacLeod & Lynlee Campbell - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (5):711-720.
  43.  20
    Brief Report Anxiety, Depression and Approach and Avoidance Goals.Joanne Dickson & Andrew MacLeod - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (3):423-430.
  44.  20
    Introduction.Carol C. Gould & Alistair M. Macleod - 2006 - Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (1):1–5.
  45.  12
    Taking Flight: Trust, Ethics and the Comfort of Strangers.Anne Pirrie, James MacAllister & Gale Macleod - 2012 - Ethics and Education 7 (1):33 - 44.
    This article explores the themes of trust and ethical conduct in social research, with particular attention to the trust that can develop between the members of a research team as well as between researchers and the researched. The authors draw upon a three-year empirical study of destinations and outcomes for young people excluded from alternative educational provision. They also make reference to a contemporary exposition of Aristotle's writing on friendship in order to explore two sets of relevant distinctions that have (...)
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  46.  33
    The Process to Accredit Clinical Ethics Fellowship Programs Should Start Now.Wayne N. Shelton & Bruce D. White - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (3):28-30.
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  47. Interdimensional Interference in the Stroop Effect: Uncovering the Cognitive and Neural Anatomy of Attention.Colin M. MacLeod & Penny A. MacDonald - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (10):383-391.
  48.  55
    Building Simulations From the Ground Up: Modeling and Theory in Systems Biology.Miles MacLeod & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (4):533-556.
  49.  33
    What Does Interdisciplinarity Look Like in Practice: Mapping Interdisciplinarity and its Limits in the Environmental Sciences.Miles MacLeod & Michiru Nagatsu - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 67:74-84.
    In this paper we take a close look at current interdisciplinary modeling practices in the environmental sciences, and suggest that closer attention needs to be paid to the nature of scientific practices when investigating and planning interdisciplinarity. While interdisciplinarity is often portrayed as a medium of novel and transformative methodological work, current modeling strategies in the environmental sciences are conservative, avoiding methodological conflict, while confining interdisciplinary interactions to a relatively small set of pre-existing modeling frameworks and strategies (a process we (...)
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  50.  27
    Levels of Selection and the Formal Darwinism Project.Deborah E. Shelton & Richard E. Michod - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (2):217-224.
    Understanding good design requires addressing the question of what units undergo natural selection, thereby becoming adapted. There is, therefore, a natural connection between the formal Darwinism project (which aims to connect population genetics with the evolution of design and fitness maximization) and levels of selection issues. We argue that the formal Darwinism project offers contradictory and confusing lines of thinking concerning level(s) of selection. The project favors multicellular organisms over both the lower (cell) and higher (social group) levels as the (...)
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