Results for 'Shield Reaves'

236 found
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  1.  54
    Digital Retouching: Is There a Place for It in Newspaper Photography?Shield Reaves - 1987 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 2 (2):40 – 48.
    The new computer technology that dramatically improves color reproduction in newspapers also allows digital retouching of photographs. Digital retouching can alter and synthesize photos to the point that the alteration is undetectable. This technology gives publications the ability to create eye?catching illustrations, but does it have a place in photojournalism? This paper attempts to raise some initial ethical questions. Although manipulation of photographs is not new, digital retouching allows for imperceptible alterations of photographs to be made with speed, ease, and (...)
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  2.  1
    The High Costs of Getting Ethical and Site-Specific Approvals for Multi-Centre Research.Nicholas Graves, Brett G. Mitchell, Anne Gardner, Katie Page, Lisa Hall, Alison Farrington, Carla Shield, Megan J. Campbell & Adrian G. Barnett - 2016 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 1 (1).
    BackgroundMulti-centre studies generally cost more than single-centre studies because of larger sample sizes and the need for multiple ethical approvals. Multi-centre studies include clinical trials, clinical quality registries, observational studies and implementation studies. We examined the costs of two large Australian multi-centre studies in obtaining ethical and site-specific approvals.MethodsWe collected data on staff time spent on approvals and expressed the overall cost as a percent of the total budget.ResultsThe total costs of gaining approval were 38 % of the budget for (...)
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  3.  8
    The Gestures ASL Signers Use Tell Us When They Are Ready to Learn Math.Susan Goldin-Meadow, Aaron Shield, Daniel Lenzen, Melissa Herzig & Carol Padden - 2012 - Cognition 123 (3):448-453.
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  4.  5
    The Urgency of Transforming the Midwestern U.S. Landscape Into More Than Corn and Soybean.Linda S. Prokopy, Benjamin M. Gramig, Alisha Bower, Sarah P. Church, Brenna Ellison, Philip W. Gassman, Ken Genskow, Douglas Gucker, Steve G. Hallett, Jason Hill, Natalie Hunt, Kris A. Johnson, Ian Kaplan, J. Paul Kelleher, Hans Kok, Michael Komp, Peter Lammers, Sarah LaRose, Matthew Liebman, Andrew Margenot, David Mulla, Michael J. O’Donnell, Alex W. Peimer, Elizabeth Reaves, Kara Salazar, Chelsea Schelly, Keith Schilling, Silvia Secchi, Aslihan D. Spaulding, David Swenson, Aaron W. Thompson & Jessica D. Ulrich-Schad - 2020 - Agriculture and Human Values 37 (3):537-539.
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  5.  63
    If Looks Could Kill: Digital Manipulation of Fashion Models.Shiela Reaves, Jacqueline Bush Hitchon, Sung-Yeon Park & Gi Woong Yun - 2004 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 19 (1):56-71.
    This study is concerned with the moral dilemma that stems from the digital manipulation of magazine ads to render models thinner. Exposure to the "thin ideal" has been linked to such damaging psychological responses as body dissatisfaction, loss of self-esteem, and ultimately to disordered eating behaviors. However, the artistic freedom of photo editors is a cherished value that conflicts with the concern for public health. Findings suggest that, although aware of the prevalence of digital editing, readers disapprove of its use (...)
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  6.  47
    Digital Alteration of Photographs in Consumer Magazines.Shiela Reaves - 1991 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 6 (3):175 – 181.
    Digital manipulation of photographs raises a different set of questions for magazine editors than it does for news.paper editors. Interviews with editors of 13 consumer magazines reveal that digital alteration depends largely on the editorial profile of the magazine. All editors interviewed refused to digitally manipulate news photos; however, opinions varied on the treatment of feature and cover photos.
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  7.  71
    Rethinking Visual Ethics: Evolution, Social Comparison and the Media's Mono-Body in the Global Rise of Eating Disorders.Shiela Reaves - 2011 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 26 (2):114 - 134.
    This study applies evolution theory to visual ethics and argues that social comparison theory favored by scholars of eating disorders is actually a Darwinian maladaptation to the media's widespread digital manipulation of women's bodies creating the thin ideal. An evolutionary perspective suggests how the media is enmeshed and why social comparison of the mediated ?mono-body? will continue. This study has three sections: 1) evolution theory and morality; 2) social comparison, biology of the social gaze, and anthropological evidence of Western media's (...)
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  8.  1
    Turcs Et Marocains aux Pays-Bas Pendant la Révolution Sexuelle (1964-1979). Une Analyse photographiqueTurks and Moroccans in the Netherlands During the Sexual Revolution (1964-1979): A Photographic Analysis. [REVIEW]Andrew D. J. Shield - 2020 - Clio 51:229-239.
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  9.  15
    Which Factors Are Associated with a Successful Outcome in a Weight Management Programme for Obese Children?Matthew A. Sabin, Anna Ford, Linda Hunt, Riyaz Jamal, Elizabeth C. Crowne & Julian P. H. Shield - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (3):364-368.
  10.  5
    Learning an Embodied Visual Language: Four Imitation Strategies Available to Sign Learners.Aaron Shield & Richard P. Meier - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  11. Wladyslaw Tatarkiewicz, "History of Aesthetics", Vols. I and II. [REVIEW]Allan Shield - 1973 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 11 (1):110.
     
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  12.  13
    Relevance, Conduction and Canada's Rape-Shield Decision.Derek Allen - 1993 - Informal Logic 15 (2).
    I examine a Canadian Supreme Court decision concerning the constitutionality of Canada's 1982 rape-shield legislation, and suggest how material from the decision might profitably be used in an informal-logic class in connection with the topics of relevance and conductive argument. I also consider theoretical matters related to the decision: first I develop two analyses of what I call an argument from 'unchasteness' and connect them to George Bowles's theory of propositional relevance; then I present Trudy Govier with a problem (...)
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  13.  53
    We Should Not Shield Ourselves From Abhorrent Beliefs.Danny Frederick - manuscript
    John Schwenkler asks whether we should shield ourselves from others' abhorrent beliefs. I expound and criticise his discussion and I explain why a rational person who wants to improve his knowledge should not shield himself from abhorrent beliefs.
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  14.  25
    Imago Mundi: Cosmological and Ideological Aspects of the Shield of Achilles.P. R. Hardie - 1985 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 105:11-31.
    The Homeric description of the shield made for Achilles by Hephaestus is the type for all later ecphrases of works of art in ancient literature. It stands out as an extravagant example of the epic poet's powers of elaborate and vivid description, so extravagant that one notable ancient critic at least, Zenodotus, felt that it was more comfortable simply to athetize the greater bulk of the passage. More symphathetic commentators of modern times have sought ways of integrating the scenes (...)
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  15.  21
    The Shield of Heracles and the Legend of Cycnus.R. Janko - 1986 - Classical Quarterly 36 (01):38-.
    Much has been written on the genesis of the pseudo-hesiodic Shield of Heracles — so much, that true progress is difficult to discern among the welter of theories. But some has been made, although the conclusions that have been reached must be regarded as likely hypotheses rather than proven facts. In this article I propose to proceed from some of these conclusions, ensuring that they are as firmly grounded as possible, to an assessment of how this poem's version of (...)
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  16.  16
    Military Service as a Practice: Integrating the Sword and Shield Approaches to Military Ethics.Christopher Toner - 2006 - Journal of Military Ethics 5 (3):183-200.
    The military's purpose centrally includes fighting its nation's wars, serving as the nation's sword. The dominant approach to military ethics today, which I will call the ?sword approach?, focuses on this purpose and builds an ethic out of the requirements the purpose imposes on soldiers. Yet recently philosophers such as Shannon French and Nancy Sherman have developed an alternative that I will call the ?shield approach?, which focuses on articulating a warrior code as a moral shield that can (...)
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  17.  10
    The Text of Iliad 18.603–6 and the Presence of an ΑΟΙΔΟΣ on the Shield of Achilles.Martin Revermann - 1998 - Classical Quarterly 48 (01):29-.
    This is the text of II. 18.603–6, the final scene on the Shield of Achilles, as presented unanimously by our manuscript tradition, five Vulgate papyri from the first to the sixth century A.D., our scholia, and in a quotation in Dionysius of Halicarnassus.1 As is well-known, a much discussed and contentious textual problem raised by Wolf2 is lurking behind it. It is prompted by a passage in Athenaeus providing an additional line after which mentions an and his Discussions of (...)
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  18.  29
    Metal Maidens, Achilles' Shield, and Pandora: The Beginnings of "Ekphrasis".James Francis - 2009 - American Journal of Philology 130 (1):1-23.
    Ekphrasis has been a popular topic in recent years among scholars of both classical and later literature. The latter have been particularly interested in the modern definition of ekphrasis as a description of artwork and the development of global definitions and theories. Ancient ekphrasis, however, was much broader in scope. By examining Hephaestus' automaton handmaids and the shield of Achilles in the Iliad, along with the Pandora stories in the works of Hesiod, we can illustrate the nature and character (...)
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  19.  6
    The Shield of Argive Abas at Aeneid 3.286.J. F. Miller - 1993 - Classical Quarterly 43 (02):445-.
    Aeneas' stopover at Actium has struck most readers as an Augustan interlude in the odyssey of Aeneid 3. The scene is conspicuous among the other episodes in the trip for its brevity and for the fact that it does not advance the action toward the Trojan exiles' Italian goal. Instead the accent falls on prefiguring actions of Aeneas' distinguished descendant, Octavian, after he achieved victory over Antony at the same site in 31 B.C. Where the future Augustus dedicated spoils from (...)
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  20.  2
    The Shield of Argive Abas at Aeneid 3.286.J. F. Miller - 1993 - Classical Quarterly 43 (2):445-450.
    Aeneas' stopover at Actium has struck most readers as an Augustan interlude in the odyssey of Aeneid 3. The scene is conspicuous among the other episodes in the trip for its brevity and for the fact that it does not advance the action toward the Trojan exiles' Italian goal. Instead the accent falls on prefiguring actions of Aeneas' distinguished descendant, Octavian, after he achieved victory over Antony at the same site in 31 B.C. Where the future Augustus dedicated spoils from (...)
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  21. The Human Body Shield.Walter Block - 2010 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 22 (1):625-630.
  22.  14
    Corporate Social Responsibility as a Strategic Shield Against Costs of Earnings Management Practices.Jennifer Martínez-Ferrero, Shantanu Banerjee & Isabel María García-Sánchez - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 133 (2):305-324.
    We highlight how Corporate Social Responsibility can be strategically used against the negative perception from earnings management. Using international data, we analyse the effect of CSR and EM on the cost of capital and corporate reputation. Results confirm that CSR strategy is positively valued by investors and other stakeholders. Contrary to EM, CSR has a positive effect on corporate reputation and lowers the cost of capital. In addition, we also find that the favourable effect of CSR on cost of capital (...)
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  23. In Lieu of a Sovereignty Shield, Multinational Corporations Should Be Responsible for the Harm They Cause.Edmund F. Byrne - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (4):609-621.
    Some progress has been made in recent decades to articulate corporate social responsibility (CSR) and, more recently, to associate CSR with international enforcement of human rights. This progress continues to be hampered, however, by the ability of a multinational corporation (MNC) that violates human rights not only to shift liability from itself to a nation-state but even to win compensation from that nation-state for loss of profits due to restrictions on its business activities. In the process, the nation-state’s sovereignty is (...)
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  24.  16
    Effects of Speech on Proofreading: Can Task-Engagement Manipulations Shield Against Distraction?Niklas Halin, John E. Marsh, Andreas Haga, Mattias Holmgren & Patrik Sörqvist - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 20 (1):69-80.
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  25.  3
    The Shield and Sword of Biosecurity: Balancing the Ethics of Public Safety and Global Preparedness.Diane DiEuliis & James Giordano - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):142-144.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 142-144.
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  26.  15
    Sword, Shield and Buoys: A History of the NATO Sub-Committee on Oceanographic Research, 1959-19731.Simone Turchetti - 2012 - Centaurus 54 (3):205-231.
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  27.  34
    D. R. S LAVITT , P. B OVIE (Trans.): Menander , The Grouch, Desperately Seeking Justice, Closely Cropped Locks, The Girl From Samos, The Shield. Pp. Xii + 275. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998. Cased, £38 (Paper, £14.95). ISBN: 0-8122-3415-4 (0-8122-1626-1 Pbk). [REVIEW]Stanley Ireland - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (1):254-254.
  28.  22
    Joseph M. Levine: Dr. Woodward's Shield: History, Science, and Satire in Augustan England. Pp. X + 362. 8 Plates. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977. Cloth, £14·75. [REVIEW]E. J. Kenney - 1979 - The Classical Review 29 (1):193-193.
  29.  11
    The Shield of Achilles and the Poetics of Ekphrasis. [REVIEW]Andrew Ford & A. S. Becker - 1997 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 117:213-214.
  30.  14
    The Wall and the Shield K-K Reconsidered.Michael Roth - 1990 - Philosophical Studies 59 (2):137 - 157.
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  31.  38
    Books on the BombAtomic Bomb Scientists: Memoirs, 1939-1945Joseph J. ErmencThe End of the World That Was: Six Lives in the Atomic AgePeter GoldmanManhattan: The Army and the Atomic BombVincent C. JonesDay of the Bomb: Countdown to HiroshimaDan KurzmanThe General and the Bomb: A Biography of General Leslie R. Groves, Director of the Manhattan ProjectWilliam LawrenTime Bomb: Fermi, Heisenberg, and the Race for the Atomic BombMalcolm C. MacPhersonThe Making of the Atomic AgeAlwyn McKayThe Road to Trinity: A Personal Account of How America's Nuclear Policies Were MadeK. D. NicholsThe Making of the Atomic BombRichard RhodesStallion GateMartin Cruz SmithThe Atomic Scientists: A Biographical HistoryHenry A. Boorse Lloyd Motz Jefferson Hane WeaverForging the Atomic Shield: Excerpts From the Office Diary of Gordon E. DeanGordon E. Dean Roger M. AndersThe Nuclear Oracles: A Political History of the General Advisory Committee of the Atomic Energy Commission, 1947-1977Richard T. SylvesBetter a Shi. [REVIEW]Robert Seidel - 1990 - Isis 81 (3):519-537.
  32.  10
    Tort Liability for Managed Care: The Weakening of ERISA's Protective Shield.Karen A. Jordan - 1997 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 25 (2-3):160-179.
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  33.  50
    Book Review:The Effects of Machinery on Wages. J. Shield Nicholson. [REVIEW]S. M. J. - 1893 - Ethics 3 (2):267-.
  34.  8
    A Modern Version of the Shield of Achilles. Vail Reconstructing the Shield of Achilles. Pp. 189, Colour Ills. Los Angeles: Story Merchant Books, 2018. Paper, Us$29.99. Isbn: 978-0-9991621-8-7. [REVIEW]Andrew S. Becker - forthcoming - The Classical Review:1-2.
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  35.  75
    Tobacco Industry Use of Corporate Social Responsibility Tactics as a Sword and a Shield on Secondhand Smoke Issues.Lissy C. Friedman - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):819-827.
    The tobacco industry has used corporate social responsibility tactics to improve its corporate image with the public, press, and regulators who increasingly have grown to view it as a merchant of death. There is, however, an intractable problem that corporate social responsibility efforts can mask but not resolve: the tobacco industry's products are lethal when used as directed, and no amount of corporate social responsibility activity can reconcile that fundamental contradiction with ethical corporate citizenship. This study's focus is to better (...)
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  36. Hit Hard Not Low: Ethics as Both a Sword and Shield.Michael A. Stratton - forthcoming - Ethics.
     
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  37.  3
    Tort Liability for Managed Care: The Weakening of ERISA's Protective Shield.Karen A. Jordan - 1997 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 25 (2-3):160-179.
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  38. Reading Aeneas' Shield.John L. Penwill - 2005 - Iris 18:37-47.
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  39.  14
    The Shield of Achilles and the Poetics of Homeric Description.Andrew Sprague Becker - 1990 - American Journal of Philology 111 (2).
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  40.  16
    Motivated Shield From Chronic Noise Environment: Moderation of the Relationship Between Noise Sensitivity and Work Wellbeing by Need for Closure.Stefano Livi, Gennaro Pica, Giuseppe Carrus, Marika Rullo & Marta Gentile - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  41.  14
    With Your Shield or on It: Challenging the Pacifist Mother Archetype.Shannon E. French - 2001 - Public Affairs Quarterly 15 (1):51-63.
  42.  20
    The Shield of Homer: Narrative Structure in the Iliad.R. J. Clare & K. Stanley - 1996 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 116:188-189.
  43.  26
    Shield and Sword: Jewish Polemics Against Christianity and the Christians in France and Spain From 1100–1500. [REVIEW]Anna Abulafia - 1999 - Speculum 74 (3):854-855.
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  44.  7
    Rethinking the Shield of Immunity: Should Ethics Committees Be Accountable for Their Mistakes? [REVIEW]Robin Fretwell Wilson - 2002 - HEC Forum 14 (2):172-191.
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  45.  12
    A Shield Right for Reporters Vs. The Administration of Justice and the Right to a Fair Trial: Is There a Conflict?Mark R. Wicclair - 1985 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 4 (2):1-14.
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  46.  35
    Athanassakis, Apostolos N., Trans. Hesiod: Theogony, Works and Days, Shield. 2d Ed. With Intro. And Notes. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004. Xxiv+ 163 Pp. 2 Tables. 1 Map. Paper, $18.95. First Published in 1983 by Johns Hopkins University Press.———, Trans. The Homeric Hymns. 2d Ed. With Intro. And Notes. Baltimore: Johns. [REVIEW]Leonardo Bruni, Giannozzo Manetti & Desiderius Erasmus - 2005 - American Journal of Philology 126:151-156.
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  47.  34
    Modernity and the State: A Dialogue Between Empire, Multitude and a Shield of Achilles.David A. Hughes - 2006 - Theory and Event 9 (2).
  48.  21
    The Date of the Hesiodic Shield.R. M. Cook - 1937 - Classical Quarterly 31 (3-4):204-.
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  49.  33
    Aesthetics and the Shield of Achilles.Francis X. J. Coleman - 1979 - Philosophical Inquiry 1 (4):310-320.
  50.  14
    Essay Review: Science and Antiquarianism: Dr Woodward's Shield: History, Science, and Satire in Augustan EnglandDr Woodward's Shield: History, Science, and Satire in Augustan England. LevineJoseph M. . Pp. X + 362. $19.95.G. S. Rousseau - 1979 - History of Science 17 (2):142-144.
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