Results for 'Shira Tarrant'

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  1. Book Review: When Sex Became Gender. By Shira Tarrant. New York: Routledge, 2006, 285 Pp., $100.00 (Cloth), $32.95. [REVIEW]Mary Jo Deegan - 2008 - Gender and Society 22 (3):393-394.
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  2.  63
    When Sex Became Gender.Shira Tarrant - 2006 - Routledge.
    This book is a study of post World War II feminist theory from the viewpoint of intellectual history. The key theme is that the social construction of gender has its origins in the feminist theorists of this period. This paradigm is a key foundational element to both second and third wave feminist thought. It will focus on the five key scholars of the period: Komarovsky, de Beauvoir, Mead, Klein and Herschberger. This has been a somewhat overlooked period in the development (...)
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  3. Olympiodorus: Commentary on Platos Gorgias : Introduction by Harold Tarrant.Harold Tarrant (ed.) - 1998 - Brill.
    This is a modern, annotated translation of antiquity's only extant commentary on Plato's moral and political dialogue Gorgias , in which the author defends ancient Greek philosophy and culture at a time when Christianity has almost replaced it. The first translation into any modern language of a central work in Platonic studies is accompanied by annotations which guide the reader in understanding the obscurities of the text, an introduction to the main issues raised by it, and a bibliography of the (...)
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  4.  42
    Probabilities, Beliefs, and Dual Processing: The Paradigm Shift in the Psychology of Reasoning.Shira Elqayam & David Over - 2012 - Mind and Society 11 (1):27-40.
    In recent years, the psychology of reasoning has been undergoing a paradigm shift, with general Bayesian, probabilistic approaches replacing the older, much more restricted binary logic paradigm. At the same time, dual processing theories have been gaining influence. We argue that these developments should be integrated and moreover that such integration is already underway. The new reasoning paradigm should be grounded in dual processing for its algorithmic level of analysis just as it uses Bayesian theory for its computational level of (...)
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  5.  16
    Access for the Terminally Ill to Experimental Medical Innovations: A Three-Pronged Threat.Shira Bender, Lauren Flicker & Rosamond Rhodes - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):3 – 6.
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  6.  10
    Interview with Professor Harold Tarrant.Harold Tarrant & Suzanne Stern-Gillet - 2019 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 13 (2):231-236.
  7. Subtracting “Ought” From “Is”: Descriptivism Versus Normativism in the Study of Human Thinking.Shira Elqayam & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (5):251-252.
    We propose a critique of normativism, defined as the idea that human thinking reflects a normative system against which it should be measured and judged. We analyze the methodological problems associated with normativism, proposing that it invites the controversial “is-ought” inference, much contested in the philosophical literature. This problem is triggered when there are competing normative accounts (the arbitration problem), as empirical evidence can help arbitrate between descriptive theories, but not between normative systems. Drawing on linguistics as a model, we (...)
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  8.  22
    Learning General Phonological Rules From Distributional Information: A Computational Model.Shira Calamaro & Gaja Jarosz - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (3):647-666.
    Phonological rules create alternations in the phonetic realizations of related words. These rules must be learned by infants in order to identify the phonological inventory, the morphological structure, and the lexicon of a language. Recent work proposes a computational model for the learning of one kind of phonological alternation, allophony . This paper extends the model to account for learning of a broader set of phonological alternations and the formalization of these alternations as general rules. In Experiment 1, we apply (...)
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  9. Moral Decision-Making in Real Life: Factors Affecting Moral Orientation and Behaviour Justification.Shira Haviv & Patrick J. Leman - 2002 - Journal of Moral Education 31 (2):121-140.
    The study addresses two separate but related issues in connection with people's real-life moral decisions and judgements. First, the notion of moral orientation is examined in terms of its consistency across varying contexts, its relation to gender and to gender role. Secondly, a new aspect of moral reasoning is explored--the influence on moral decision-making of considering the consequences of an action. Fifty-eight undergraduate students were asked to discuss two personal and two impersonal real-life moral dilemmas. The results reveal a significant (...)
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  10.  10
    Structural and Interpersonal Benefits and Risks of Participation in HIV Research: Perspectives of Female Sex Workers in Guatemala.Shira M. Goldenberg, Monica Rivera Mindt, Teresita Rocha Jimenez, Kimberly Brouwer, Sonia Morales Miranda & Celia B. Fisher - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior 25 (2):97-114.
    This study explored perceived benefits and risks of participation in HIV research among 33 female sex workers in Tecún Umán, Guatemala. Stigma associated with sex work and HIV was a critical barrier to research participation. Key benefits of participation included access to HIV/sti prevention and testing, as well as positive and trusting relationships between sex workers and research teams. Control exerted by managers had mixed influences on perceived research risks and benefits. Results underscore the critical need for HIV investigators to (...)
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  11.  18
    Subtracting “Ought” From “Is”: Descriptivism Versus Normativism in the Study of Human Thinking.Shira Elqayam & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (5):233-248.
    We propose a critique ofnormativism, defined as the idea that human thinking reflects a normative system against which it should be measured and judged. We analyze the methodological problems associated with normativism, proposing that it invites the controversial “is-ought” inference, much contested in the philosophical literature. This problem is triggered when there are competing normative accounts, as empirical evidence can help arbitrate between descriptive theories, but not between normative systems. Drawing on linguistics as a model, we propose that a clear (...)
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  12.  30
    Socratic Synousia : A Post-Platonic Myth?Harold Tarrant - 2005 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 43 (2):131-155.
    Tarrant examines whether the relationship between Socrates and his young followers could ever have been treated by Plato in the same fashion as it is treated in the Platonic Theages, where the terminology of synousia is repeatedly applied to it. In minimizing the part played by knowledge and maximizing the role of the divine and of eros, the work creates a "Socrates" who conforms to the educational ideology of the Academy of Polemo in the period 314-270 BC.
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  13.  2
    Free Time and Emotional Well-Being: Do Dual-Earner Mothers and Fathers Differ?Shira Offer - 2016 - Gender and Society 30 (2):213-239.
    Previous research suggests that there are important gender disparities in the experience of leisure, but the issue of how mothers and fathers experience free time emotionally remains overlooked. The present study addressed this lacuna using the Experience Sampling Method and survey data from the 500 Family Study. Results showed that mothers and fathers spent the same amount of time on leisure activities. However, mothers had slightly less pure free time than fathers and were more likely to combine leisure with unpaid (...)
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  14. Signs and Portents: No Parking in the Courtroom.Shira Leibowitz & Roald Hoffmann - 1991 - Diacritics 21 (1):2-23.
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  15.  33
    New Paradigm Psychology of Reasoning: An Introduction to the Special Issue Edited by Elqayam, Bonnefon, and Over.Shira Elqayam & David E. Over - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (3-4):249-265.
  16.  58
    The Probability of Iterated Conditionals.Janneke Wijnbergen‐Huitink, Shira Elqayam & David E. Over - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (4):788-803.
    Iterated conditionals of the form If p, then if q, r are an important topic in philosophical logic. In recent years, psychologists have gained much knowledge about how people understand simple conditionals, but there are virtually no published psychological studies of iterated conditionals. This paper presents experimental evidence from a study comparing the iterated form, If p, then if q, r with the “imported,” noniterated form, If p and q, then r, using a probability evaluation task and a truth-table task, (...)
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  17.  67
    Grounded Rationality: Descriptivism in Epistemic Context.Shira Elqayam - 2012 - Synthese 189 (S1):39-49.
    Normativism, the approach that judges human rationality by comparison against normative standards, has recently come under intensive criticism as unsuitable for psychological enquiry, and it has been suggested that it should be replaced with a descriptivist paradigm. My goal in this paper is to outline and defend a meta-theoretical framework of such a paradigm, grounded rationality, based on the related principles of descriptivism and (moderate) epistemic relativism. Bounded rationality takes into account universal biological and cognitive limitations on human rationality. Grounded (...)
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  18. If Music Be the Food of Love, Play On: Four Ways That Music May Lead to Social Connection.Shira Gabriel & Elaine Paravati - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    The hypothesis that music is well suited to facilitate social bonding is highly consistent with social psychological research on the need to belong. We explore how music is uniquely placed to increase feelings of connections to large collectives by increasing collective effervescence, providing narratives, reminding one of others, and providing social surrogates.
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  19. Ready Player Two: Women Gamers and Designed Identity.Shira Chess - 2017
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  20. Galileo Engineer - by Matteo Valleriani.Neil Tarrant - 2011 - Centaurus 53 (4):334-336.
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  21.  36
    Rationality in the New Paradigm: Strict Versus Soft Bayesian Approaches.Shira Elqayam & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (3-4):453-470.
  22.  14
    Moral Finitude and the Ethics of Language: A New World Response to Gianni Vattimo.Shira Wolosky - 2003 - Common Knowledge 9 (3):406-423.
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  23. Infidel.Shira Wolosky - 2008 - Common Knowledge 14 (1):171-171.
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  24.  26
    When Choices Are Not Personal: The Effect of Statistical and Social Cues on Children's Inferences About the Scope of Preferences.Gil Diesendruck, Shira Salzer, Tamar Kushnir & Fei Xu - 2015 - Journal of Cognition and Development 16 (2):370-380.
    Individual choices are commonly taken to manifest personal preferences. The present study investigated whether social and statistical cues influence young children's inferences about the generalizability of preferences. Preschoolers were exposed to either 1 or 2 demonstrators’ selections of objects. The selected objects constituted 18%, 50%, or 100% of all available objects. We found that children took a single demonstrator's choices as indicative only of his or her personal preference. However, when 2 demonstrators made the same selection, then children inferred that (...)
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  25.  3
    Overarching States of Mind.Noa Herz, Shira Baror & Moshe Bar - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 24 (3):184-199.
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  26.  7
    The International Dimensions of Antimicrobial Resistance: Contextual Factors Shape Distinct Ethical Challenges in South Africa, Sri Lanka and the United Kingdom.Eva M. Krockow & Carolyn Tarrant - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (7):756-765.
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  27. H. Tarrant, From Scepticism to Platonism Reviewed By.Julia Annas - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6 (1):33-35.
     
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  28. H. Tarrant, From Scepticism To Platonism. [REVIEW]Julia Annas - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6:33-35.
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  29.  16
    Plato's Natural Philosophy (Review).Harold Tarrant - 2007 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (1):150-151.
    Harold Tarrant - Plato's Natural Philosophy - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45:1 Journal of the History of Philosophy 45.1 150-151 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Harold Tarrant University of Newcastle, Australia Thomas K. Johansen. Plato's Natural Philosophy. Cambridge-New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Pp. vi + 218. Cloth, $75.00. This major study of the philosophy of the Timaeus—provided with excellent argumentation, a fine bibliography, and useful indices—is of wider significance to the interpretation of (...)
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  30.  20
    Emily Dickinson: Reclusion Against Itself.Shira Wolosky - 2006 - Common Knowledge 12 (3):443-459.
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  31.  1
    Redundancy Can Benefit Learning: Evidence From Word Order and Case Marking.Shira Tal & Inbal Arnon - 2022 - Cognition 224:105055.
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    Adriano Cappelli, The Elements of Abbreviation in Medieval Latin Paleography. Trans. David Heimann and Richard Kay. (University of Kansas Publications, Library Series, 47.) Lawrence, Kans.: University of Kansas Libraries, 1982. Paper. Pp. Iv, 52. $4.50. [REVIEW]R. J. Tarrant - 1986 - Speculum 61 (2):494-494.
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  33.  1
    The Impact of Information Structure on the Emergence of Differential Object Marking: An Experimental Study.Shira Tal, Kenny Smith, Jennifer Culbertson, Eitan Grossman & Inbal Arnon - 2022 - Cognitive Science 46 (3):e13119.
    Cognitive Science, Volume 46, Issue 3, March 2022.
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  34.  4
    Tarrant Scepticism or Platonism? The Philosophy of the Fourth Academy. Cambridge, Etc.: University Press. 1985. Pp. Ix + 182. £19.50. [REVIEW]John Glucker - 1989 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 109:272-273.
  35.  41
    The Collapse Illusion Effect: A Semantic-Pragmatic Illusion of Truth and Paradox.Shira Elqayam - 2006 - Thinking and Reasoning 12 (2):144 – 180.
    Two Experiments demonstrate the existence of a “collapse illusion”, in which reasoners evaluate Truthteller-type propositions (“I am telling the truth”) as if they were simply true, whereas Liar-type propositions (“I am lying”) tend to be evaluated as neither true nor false. The second Experiment also demonstrates an individual differences pattern, in which shallow reasoners are more susceptible to the illusion. The collapse illusion is congruent with philosophical semantic truth theories such as Kripke's (1975), and with hypothetical thinking theory's principle of (...)
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  36.  18
    Harold Tarrant. Thrasyllan Platonism. [REVIEW]John Bussanich - 1996 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 34 (1):139-140.
    BOOK REVIEWS 139 Harold Tarrant. Thrasyllan Platonism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1993. Pp. x + 26o. Cloth, $34.5 o. Most contemporary readers of Plato assign the dialogues to early, middle, and late periods. However, developmental schemes exercised much less fascination on Plato's ancient readers, especially those who looked upon him as the fount of wisdom or upon the corpus as a whole as comprising all the higher education a civilized person needed. Such was the case, certainly, with Thrasyllus, (...)
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  37.  10
    Virtual Reality for Anxiety Reduction Demonstrated by Quantitative EEG: A Pilot Study.Jeff Tarrant, Jeremy Viczko & Hannah Cope - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  38.  17
    Editorial: From Is to Ought: The Place of Normative Models in the Study of Human Thought.Shira Elqayam & David E. Over - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  39.  15
    Alfred Wallace’s Baby Orangutan: Game, Pet, Specimen.Shira Shmuely - 2020 - Journal of the History of Biology 53 (3):321-343.
    Alfred Russell Wallace’s The Malay Archipelago, published in 1869, is a classic text in natural history and the theory of evolution. Amidst heroic hunting narratives and picturesque descriptions of local fauna and flora, stands out a curious episode in which Wallace describes adopting a baby orangutan, whose mother he had killed. Wallace, a British naturalist and collector, cultivated an affectionate relationship with the orphaned orangutan, often referring to her as his “baby.” This paper examines how the orangutan was transformed from (...)
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  40. « The Dyschereis Of The Magna Moralia ».Harold Tarrant - 2008 - Plato Journal 8.
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  41.  1
    H. Tarrant, Recollecting Plato’s ‘Meno’.Mauro Bonazzi - 2006 - Elenchos 27 (1):141-147.
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  42.  6
    Plato's Republics.Harold Tarrant - 2012 - Plato Journal 12.
    Various ancient sources refer to the Platonic work that we know as Republic in the plural. Aristotle seems to have made it possible to refer to politeiai as ‘constitutions’, actual or written, and therefore some of our texts are best explained as references to Plato’s two written constitutions, Republic and Laws. One neglected reference that may perhaps be explained in this way occurs in the anonymous Antiatticista. A large number of references from the Alexandrian school of Platonism in late antiquity (...)
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  43.  9
    Harold Tarrant, Danielle A. Layne, Dirk Baltzly, François Renaud: Brill’s Companion to the Reception of Plato in Antiquity. [REVIEW]Anna Motta - 2018 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 39 (1):171-178.
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  44.  5
    Thrasyllan Platonism.Harold Tarrant - 2020 - Cornell University Press.
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  45.  5
    Norm, Error, and the Structure of Rationality: The Case Study of the Knight-Knave Paradigm.Shira Elqayam - 2003 - Semiotica 2003 (147).
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  46. Harold Tarrant, Thrasyllan Platonism.J. Bussanich - 1996 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 34:139-139.
     
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  47.  23
    Tarrant (R.J.) (Ed.) P. Ovidi Nasonis Metamorphoses. (Scriptorum Classicorum Bibliotheca Oxoniensis.) Pp. Xlviii + 534. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. Cased, £20.50. ISBN: 978-0-19-814666-. [REVIEW]Stephen Heyworth - 2007 - The Classical Review 57 (01):104-.
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    Ethical Ambiguity in the Hebrew Bible : Philosophical Analysis of Scriptural Narrative.Shira Weiss - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, Shira Weiss elucidates the moral tradition of the Hebrew Bible by subjecting ethically challenging biblical texts to moral philosophical analysis. Examining the most essential questions of Jewish Thought, she uses contemporary philosophy to decipher Scriptural ethics as uncovered from a variety of biblical stories. Aided by ancient, medieval, and contemporary resources, Weiss presents a comprehensive discussion of enduring ethical questions that arise from biblical narrative and continue to be contested in modern times. She shows how such (...)
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  49.  48
    Models of Dependence and Independence: A Two-Dimensional Architecture of Dual Processing.Shira Elqayam - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):377-387.
    This theoretical note proposes a two-dimensional cognitive architecture for dual-process theories of reasoning and decision making. Evans (2007b, 2008a, 2009) distinguishes between two types of dual-processing models: parallel-competitive , in which both types of processes operate in parallel, and default-interventionist , in which heuristic processes precede the analytic processes. I suggest that this temporal dimension should be enhanced with a functional distinction between interactionist architecture, in which either type of process influences the content and valence of the other, and independent (...)
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  50.  30
    Conditionals and Inferential Connections: Toward a New Semantics.Igor Douven, Shira Elqayam, Henrik Singmann & Janneke van Wijnbergen-Huitink - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (3):311-351.
    In previous published research, we investigated experimentally what role the presence and...
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