Results for 'Stuart Clint Dowland'

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  1. Embodied mind sparsism.Stuart Clint Dowland - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 173 (7):1853-1872.
    If we are physical things with parts, then accounts of what we are and accounts of when composition occurs have important implications for one another. Defenders of restricted composition tend to endorse a sparse ontology in taking an eliminativist stance toward composite objects that are not organisms, while claiming that we are organisms. However, these arguments do not entail that we are organisms, for they rely on the premise that we are organisms. Thus, sparsist reasoning need not be paired with (...)
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  2.  17
    Correction to: Embodied mind sparsism.Stuart Clint Dowland - 2022 - Philosophical Studies 180 (2):701-701.
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  3. Ontology of language, with applications to demographic data.S. Clint Dowland, Barry Smith, Matthew A. Diller, Jobst Landgrebe & William R. Hogan - 2023 - Applied ontology 18 (3):239-262.
    Here we present what we believe is a novel account of what languages are, along with an axiomatically rich representation of languages and language-related data that is based on this account. We propose an account of languages as aggregates of dispositions distributed across aggregates of persons, and in doing so we address linguistic competences and the processes that realize them. This paves the way for representing additional types of language-related entities. Like demographic data of other sorts, data about languages may (...)
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  4.  11
    Science fictions: exposing fraud, bias, negligence and hype in science.Stuart Ritchie - 2020 - London: The Bodley Head.
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  5. The Role of Imagination in Social Scientific Discovery: Why Machine Discoverers Will Need Imagination Algorithms.Michael Stuart - 2019 - In Mark Addis, Fernand Gobet & Peter Sozou (eds.), Scientific Discovery in the Social Sciences. Springer Verlag.
    When philosophers discuss the possibility of machines making scientific discoveries, they typically focus on discoveries in physics, biology, chemistry and mathematics. Observing the rapid increase of computer-use in science, however, it becomes natural to ask whether there are any scientific domains out of reach for machine discovery. For example, could machines also make discoveries in qualitative social science? Is there something about humans that makes us uniquely suited to studying humans? Is there something about machines that would bar them from (...)
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  6. Guilty Artificial Minds: Folk Attributions of Mens Rea and Culpability to Artificially Intelligent Agents.Michael T. Stuart & Markus Kneer - 2021 - Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction 5 (CSCW2).
    While philosophers hold that it is patently absurd to blame robots or hold them morally responsible [1], a series of recent empirical studies suggest that people do ascribe blame to AI systems and robots in certain contexts [2]. This is disconcerting: Blame might be shifted from the owners, users or designers of AI systems to the systems themselves, leading to the diminished accountability of the responsible human agents [3]. In this paper, we explore one of the potential underlying reasons for (...)
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  7. Imagination: A Sine Qua Non of Science.Michael T. Stuart - 2017 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy (49):9-32.
    What role does the imagination play in scientific progress? After examining several studies in cognitive science, I argue that one thing the imagination does is help to increase scientific understanding, which is itself indispensable for scientific progress. Then, I sketch a transcendental justification of the role of imagination in this process.
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  8. Vegetarianism.Stuart Rachels - unknown
    1. Animal Cruelty Industrial farming is appallingly abusive to animals. Pigs. In America, nine-tenths of pregnant sows live in “gestation crates. ” These pens are so small that the animals can barely move. When the sows are first crated, they may flail around, in an attempt to get out. But soon they give up. Crated pigs often show signs of depression: they engage meaningless, repetitive behavior, like chewing the air or biting the bars of the stall. The sows live like (...)
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  9.  75
    Taming theory with thought experiments: Understanding and scientific progress.Michael T. Stuart - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 58:24-33.
    I claim that one way thought experiments contribute to scientific progress is by increasing scientific understanding. Understanding does not have a currently accepted characterization in the philosophical literature, but I argue that we already have ways to test for it. For instance, current pedagogical practice often requires that students demonstrate being in either or both of the following two states: 1) Having grasped the meaning of some relevant theory, concept, law or model, 2) Being able to apply that theory, concept, (...)
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  10. How Thought Experiments Increase Understanding.Michael T. Stuart - 2018 - In Michael T. Stuart, Yiftach Fehige & James Robert Brown (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Thought Experiments. London: Routledge. pp. 526-544.
    We might think that thought experiments are at their most powerful or most interesting when they produce new knowledge. This would be a mistake; thought experiments that seek understanding are just as powerful and interesting, and perhaps even more so. A growing number of epistemologists are emphasizing the importance of understanding for epistemology, arguing that it should supplant knowledge as the central notion. In this chapter, I bring the literature on understanding in epistemology to bear on explicating the different ways (...)
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  11.  2
    The Epistemology of Spirit Beliefs, by Hans Van Eyghen.Clint Tibbs - 2024 - Teaching Philosophy 47 (2):316-320.
  12.  9
    Team Resilience as a Second-Order Emergent State: A Theoretical Model and Research Directions.Clint Bowers, Christine Kreutzer, Janis Cannon-Bowers & Jerry Lamb - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  13.  19
    Artifacts and intervention: a persistence theory of artifact functions.Clint Hurshman - 2023 - Synthese 202 (5):1-28.
    This paper presents a novel theory of artifact functions, drawing from persistence-based accounts of social functions, according to which the function of an artifact consists in those of its effects that contribute to the persistence of its kind. First, the paper argues that artifact functions have an underacknowledged “interventionist task”: functional ascriptions have implications for the ways that users have reason to use technologies, and how they have reason to intervene when technologies have undesired effects. Then, it argues that the (...)
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  14.  9
    Turning points in natural theology from Bacon to Darwin: the way of the argument from design.Stuart Peterfreund - 2012 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The last three decades have witnessed a heated debate of the merits of intelligent design (ID) as a way to understand a number of observable natural phenomena. The present dispute has its roots in a much older discussion: that of natural theology, which has always had as its goal the discernment of design(s) attributable to God in the natural world. Despite its ongoing relevance, natural theology does not have a coherent scholarly history. Turning Points in Natural Theology from Bacon to (...)
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  15.  81
    The elements of moral philosophy.James Rachels & Stuart Rachels - 2015 - [Dubuque]: McGraw-Hill Education. Edited by James Rachels.
    Moral philosophy is the study of what morality is and what it requires of us. As Socrates said, it's about "how we ought to live"-and why. It would be helpful if we could begin with a simple, uncontroversial definition of what morality is. Unfortunately, we cannot. There are many rival theories, each expounding a different conception of what it means to live morally, and any definition that goes beyond Socrates's simple formula-tion is bound to offend at least one of them. (...)
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  16.  27
    Feeling our way: enkinaesthetic enquiry and immanent intercorporeality.Susan A. J. Stuart - 2017 - In Christian Meyer, Jürgen Streeck & J. Scott Jordan (eds.), Intercorporeality: Emerging Socialities in Interaction. Oxford University Press. pp. 104-140.
    Every action, touch, utterance, and look, every listening, taste, smell, and feel is a living question; but it is no ordinary propositional one-by-one question, rather it is a plenisentient sensing and probing non-propositional enquiry about how our world is, in its present continuous sense, and in relation to how we anticipate its becoming. I will take this assumption as my first premise and, by using the notion of enkinaesthesia, I will explore the ways in which an agent’s affectively-saturated co-engagement with (...)
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  17. The emergence of a new paradigm in ape language research.Stuart G. Shanker & Barbara J. King - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (5):605-620.
    In recent years we have seen a dramatic shift, in several different areas of communication studies, from an information-theoretic to a dynamic systems paradigm. In an information processing system, communication, whether between cells, mammals, apes, or humans, is said to occur when one organism encodes information into a signal that is transmitted to another organism that decodes the signal. In a dynamic system, all of the elements are continuously interacting with and changing in respect to one another, and an aggregate (...)
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  18.  51
    Music Teacher as Writer and Producer.Clint Randles - 2012 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 46 (3):36-52.
    In this article I attempt to redefine the role of a music teacher as being more than a director. To begin, I quote Michael Mark, who writes about how the legendary band director William Revelli was remembered in the small town of Hobart, Indiana, where he started the first band program in that town: [E]ach student was at least as motivated by a fear that the band might lose. The band had established a reputation—Hobart was expected to win, and winning (...)
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  19.  1
    A Model Program for RCR Instruction for Early-Career Faculty Investigators with NIH K-Awards in advance.Stuart E. Ravnik & Elizabeth Heitman - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
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  20. The material theory of induction and the epistemology of thought experiments.Michael T. Stuart - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 83 (C):17-27.
    John D. Norton is responsible for a number of influential views in contemporary philosophy of science. This paper will discuss two of them. The material theory of induction claims that inductive arguments are ultimately justified by their material features, not their formal features. Thus, while a deductive argument can be valid irrespective of the content of the propositions that make up the argument, an inductive argument about, say, apples, will be justified (or not) depending on facts about apples. The argument (...)
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  21. A conversation with a former Secret Service agent.Clint Hill - 1975 - New York,: Encyclopedia Americana/CBS News Audio Resource Library. Edited by Bob Cousy & Aaron Copland.
    Side A. Hill, Clint. A conversation with a former Secret Service agent. Cousy, B. Athletics & the killer instinct, pt. 1.-Side B. Cousy, B. Athletics & the killer instinct, pt. 2. Copeland, A. Music in America.
     
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  22.  12
    Eqbal Ahmad: critical outsider in a turbulent age.Stuart Schaar - 2015 - New York: Columbia University Press.
    Activist, journalist, and theorist, Eqbal Ahmad was admired by and consulted by activists and policymakers. He inspired new ways of thinking about militant Islam, the U.S. involvement in Vietnam, and the Cold War. This intellectual biography relates Ahmad's life to the political transformations that occurred globally in the second half of the twentieth century"--Provided by publisher.
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  23. Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology, 5th edition, edited by Steven M. Cahn.Clint Tibbs - 2015 - Teaching Philosophy 38 (2):257-259.
  24. Does the Internet have an unconscious?: Slavoj Žižek and digital culture.Clint Burnham - 2018 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
  25. Initial Conditions and the 'Open Systems' Argument against Laws of Nature.Clint Ballinger - 2008 - Metaphysica 9 (1):17-31.
    This article attacks “open systems” arguments that because constant conjunctions are not generally observed in the real world of open systems we should be highly skeptical that universal laws exist. This work differs from other critiques of open system arguments against laws of nature by not focusing on laws themselves, but rather on the inference from open systems. We argue that open system arguments fail for two related reasons; 1) because they cannot account for the “systems” central to their argument (...)
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  26. Wage negotiations and development in South Africa.Clint le Bruyns In Conversation & Archie Palane - 2008 - In Steve De Gruchy, Nico Koopman & S. Strijbos (eds.), From our side: emerging perspectives on development and ethics. South Africa: UNISA Press.
     
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  27.  4
    Landscapes of aesthetic education.Stuart Richmond - 2009 - Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Press. Edited by Celeste Snowber.
    This book brings together two experienced educators from the fields of teacher education and arts education. The authors Richmond, a photographer, and Snowber, a dancer and poet, see aesthetic education as aiming to extend creativity, appreciation of the arts and nature, and the sensuous qualities of everyday life, to gain a more intimate understanding of the self and the world. They include poetic, narrative, philosophical, and artistic ways of writing to support a more embodied and holistic aesthetics. Landscapes of Aesthetic (...)
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  28. Difference, incommensurability, decision.Clint Shinn - 2009 - Emergent Australasian Philosophers 2 (1):1-19.
    The purpose of the paper is to discuss how the possibility of understanding difference relates to political decision making. We will see , using Althusser, it is possible to establish and maintain difference without those differences becoming incommensurable; that it is possible to understand the differences of others. We‟ll then see that this ability is of little use when it comes time to act, for example, making a decision; that many differences are excluded from the process of decision making in (...)
     
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  29. A radical notion of embeddedness: a logically necessary precondition for agency and self-awareness.Susan Stuart - 2002 - In James Moor & Terrell Ward Bynum (eds.), Cyberphilosophy: the intersection of philosophy and computing. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
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  30.  12
    Current Controversies in Philosophy of Religion, edited by Paul Draper.Clint Tibbs - 2020 - Teaching Philosophy 43 (2):221-225.
  31.  28
    Questions That Matter: An Invitation to Philosophy, edited by L. Miller and Jon Jensen.Clint Tibbs - 2015 - Teaching Philosophy 38 (1):137-138.
  32.  64
    Ultimate Questions: Thinking About Philosophy, 3rd edition, by Nils Ch. Rauhut.Clint Tibbs - 2016 - Teaching Philosophy 39 (4):555-558.
  33.  13
    Laura Ephraim. Who Speaks for Nature? On the Politics of Science.Clint Wilson - 2018 - Environmental Philosophy 15 (2):344-347.
  34.  37
    Raj Patel and Jason W. Moore. A History of the World in Seven Cheap Things: A Guide to Capitalism, Nature, and the Future of the Planet.Clint Wilson - 2018 - Environmental Philosophy 15 (1):135-138.
  35. The whole of life must look like a job' : Minima Moralia, work, and the capitalocene.Clint Williamson - 2021 - In Caren Irr (ed.), Adorno's 'Minima Moralia' in the 21st century: fascism, work, and ecology. New York, NY: Bloomsbury Academic.
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  36. Feature-Based & Model-Based Semantics for English, French and German Verb Phrases.Stuart Kent Jeremy Pitt - 1996 - In Katarzyna Jaszczolt & Ken Turner (eds.), Contrastive semantics and pragmatics. Tarrytown, N.Y., U.S.A.: Pergamon Press. pp. 339-362.
     
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  37.  35
    Jerome on Sinlessness: a Via Media between A ugustine and P elagius.Stuart Squires - 2016 - Heythrop Journal 57 (4):697-709.
    This article will exploreJerome's understanding of sinlessness and will argue that he saw himself just as opposed toAugustine as toPelagius. I begin by exposing Jerome's context in thePelagianControversy. I then expose his understanding of sinlessness. Next, I turn to his arguments inEp.133 and the first two books of hisDialogi contraPelagianos. In book three of that text, we notice a change in his arguments which indicates that Jerome is no longer arguing only againstPelagius; he now disagrees withAugustine as well. I then (...)
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  38. Enkinaesthetic polyphony: the underpinning for first-order languaging.Susan A. J. Stuart & Paul J. Thibault - unknown
    We contest two claims: (1) that language, understood as the processing of abstract symbolic forms, is an instrument of cognition and rational thought, and (2) that conventional notions of turn-taking, exchange structure, and move analysis, are satisfactory as a basis for theorizing communication between living, feeling agents. We offer an enkinaesthetic theory describing the reciprocal affective neuro-muscular dynamical flows and tensions of co- agential dialogical sense-making relations. This “enkinaesthetic dialogue” is characterised by a preconceptual experientially recursive temporal dynamics forming the (...)
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  39. A Careful Reading of St. Anselm’s Ontological Argument.Clint I. Barrett - 2011 - Philosophy and Theology 23 (2):217-230.
    Although philosophers have long agreed that Anselm’s PROSLOGION contains what is often called the ontological argument (but not by Anselm himself), they do not agree about just what that argument is. In this paper, I do two things: (1) I set out a careful, precise statement of the argument in the PROSLOGION, taking due account of the historical, personal, philosophical, and theological contexts of Anselm’s thought. (2) Having disembarrassed the argument of some common misunderstandings and placed it in its proper (...)
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  40.  16
    A Legal and Ethical Analysis of the Effects of Triggering Conditions on Surrogate Decision-Making in End-of-Life Care in the US.Daniel S. Goldberg & J. Clint Parker - 2016 - HEC Forum 28 (1):11-33.
    The central claim of this paper is that American states’ use of so-called “triggering conditions” to regulate surrogate decision-making authority in end-of-life care leaves unresolved a number of important ethical and legal considerations regarding the scope of that authority. The paper frames the issue with a case set in a jurisdiction in which surrogate authority to withdraw life-sustaining treatment is triggered by two specific clinical conditions. The case presents a quandary insofar as the clinical facts do not satisfy the triggering (...)
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  41.  95
    The New Mechanical Philosophy.Stuart Glennan - 2017 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This volume argues for a new image of science that understands both natural and social phenomena to be the product of mechanisms, casting the work of science as an effort to understand those mechanisms. Glennan offers an account of the nature of mechanisms and of the models used to represent them in physical, life, and social sciences.
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  42.  12
    Frederic Jameson and the Wolf of Wall Street.Clint Burnham - 2016 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing.
    The Film Theory in Practice series fills a gaping hole in the world of film theory. By marrying the explanation of a film theory with the interpretation of a film, the volumes provide discrete examples of how film theory can serve as the basis for textual analysis. Fredric Jameson and The Wolf of Wall Street offers a concise introduction to Jameson in jargon-free language and shows how his Marxist theories can be deployed to interpret Martin Scorsese's critically acclaimed 2013 film (...)
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  43.  55
    The Origins of Order: Self Organization and Selection in Evolution.Stuart A. Kauffman - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    Stuart Kauffman here presents a brilliant new paradigm for evolutionary biology, one that extends the basic concepts of Darwinian evolution to accommodate recent findings and perspectives from the fields of biology, physics, chemistry and mathematics. The book drives to the heart of the exciting debate on the origins of life and maintenance of order in complex biological systems. It focuses on the concept of self-organization: the spontaneous emergence of order widely observed throughout nature. Kauffman here argues that self-organization plays (...)
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  44.  37
    Rule Separation and Embedding Theorems for Logics Without Weakening.Clint J. van Alten & James G. Raftery - 2004 - Studia Logica 76 (2):241-274.
    A full separation theorem for the derivable rules of intuitionistic linear logic without bounds, 0 and exponentials is proved. Several structural consequences of this theorem for subreducts of (commutative) residuated lattices are obtained. The theorem is then extended to the logic LR+ and its proof is extended to obtain the finite embeddability property for the class of square increasing residuated lattices.
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  45. Heterotopia: Postmodern Utopia and the Body Politic.Clint Burnham - 1996 - Utopian Studies 7:146-47.
  46.  17
    Jameson avec or sans Žižek: Psychoanalysis, Marxism, and the Impossible Social Bond.Clint Burnham - 2019 - International Journal of Žižek Studies 13 (1).
    In my recent book on Fredric Jameson, I averred that while Jameson and Žižek seem to be ideologically aligned, a misperception suggested or affirmed by their frequent citation of each other’s work, these citations were, I argued, a screen that obfuscates more profound differences. But what are those differences? I propose here to lay some stress on what I take to be some important differences between those two projects, in terms of their attitudes towards the dialectic. Grounding that dialectic via (...)
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  47.  16
    Jameson with Lacan.Clint Burnham - 2021 - Historical Materialism 29 (1):187-197.
    What does it mean to bring Marxism and psychoanalysis together at this conjuncture? Such a project has been a throughline, arguably, for Fredric Jameson’s work for the past four decades. In this review-article, I read his chapter on Lacan and Hamlet for how it helps us to understand, not only how Jameson’s ruminations on desire and neurosis highlight the social tendencies in Lacanian theory (for example, the notion that desire is the desire of the other), but also how that relationship (...)
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  48. Social media and the internet. Slavoj Zizek as internet philosopher.Clint Burnham - 2014 - In Matthew Flisfeder & Louis-Paul Willis (eds.), Zizek and Media Studies: A Reader. Palgrave-Macmillan.
  49. The articulation of enkinaesthetic entanglement.Susan Stuart - unknown
    In this article I present an argument for the necessary co-articulation of meaning within our felt enkinaesthetic engagement with our world. The argument will be developed through a series of stages, the first of which will be an elaboration of the notion of articulation of and through the body. This will be followed by an examination of enkinaesthetic experiential entanglement and the role it plays in rendering our world meaningful and our actions values-realising. At this stage I will begin to (...)
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  50.  55
    Counterpossibles in science: an experimental study.Brian McLoone, Cassandra Grützner & Michael T. Stuart - 2023 - Synthese 201 (1):1-20.
    A counterpossible is a counterfactual whose antecedent is impossible. The vacuity thesis says all counterpossibles are true solely because their antecedents are impossible. Recently, some have rejected the vacuity thesis by citing purported non-vacuous counterpossibles in science. One limitation of this work, however, is that it is not grounded in experimental data. Do scientists actually reason non-vacuously about counterpossibles? If so, what is their basis for doing so? We presented biologists (N = 86) with two counterfactual formulations of a well-known (...)
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