Results for 'inverse probability of treatment weights'

999 found
Order:
  1.  4
    Covariate Balancing Inverse Probability Weights for Time-Varying Continuous Interventions.Curtis Huffman & Edwin van Gameren - 2018 - Journal of Causal Inference 6 (2).
    In this paper we present a continuous extension for longitudinal analysis settings of the recently proposed Covariate Balancing Propensity Score methodology. While extensions of the CBPS methodology to both marginal structural models and general treatment regimes have been proposed, these extensions have been kept separately. We propose to bring them together using the generalized method of moments to estimate inverse probability weights such that after weighting the association between time-varying covariates and the treatment is minimized. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  19
    Using Propensity Score‐Based Weighting in the Evaluation of Health Management Programme Effectiveness.Ariel Linden & John L. Adams - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (1):175-179.
  3.  9
    Evaluating Health Management Programmes Over Time: Application of Propensity Score‐Based Weighting to Longitudinal Data.Ariel Linden & John L. Adams - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (1):180-185.
  4.  21
    The Probability of Treatment Induced Drug Resistance.Rinaldo B. Schinazi - 2006 - Acta Biotheoretica 54 (1):13-19.
    We propose a discrete time branching process to model the appearance of drug resistance under treatment. Under our assumptions at every discrete time a pathogen may die with probability 1−p or divide in two with probability p. Each newborn pathogen is drug resistant with probability μ. We start with N drug sensitive pathogens and with no drug resistant pathogens. We declare the treatment successful if all pathogens are eradicated before drug resistance appears. The model predicts (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Inverse Probability and Modern Statisticians.Robert Dean Gordon - 1940 - Philosophy of Science 7 (4):389-399.
  6.  3
    Learning and the Principle of Inverse Probability.David Bakan - 1953 - Psychological Review 60 (6):360-370.
  7.  20
    Combining the Regression Discontinuity Design and Propensity Score‐Based Weighting to Improve Causal Inference in Program Evaluation.Ariel Linden & John L. Adams - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):317-325.
  8. Gender, Financial Risk, and Probability Weights.Helga Fehr-Duda, Manuele de Gennaro & Renate Schubert - 2006 - Theory and Decision 60 (2-3):283-313.
    Women are commonly stereotyped as more risk averse than men in financial decision making. In this paper we examine whether this stereotype reflects gender differences in actual risk-taking behavior by means of a laboratory experiment with monetary incentives. Gender differences in risk taking may be due to differences in valuations of outcomes or in probability weights. The results of our experiment indicate that value functions do not differ significantly between men and women. Men and women differ in their (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  9.  19
    Marginal Structural Models: Much Ado About (Almost) Nothing.Eyal Shahar & Doron J. Shahar - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (1):214-222.
  10. Theory of Probability. A Critical Introductory Treatment.Bruno De Finetti - 1979 - Wiley.
  11.  3
    Critical Comment on "Learning and the Principle of Inverse Probability.".Robert P. Abelson - 1954 - Psychological Review 61 (4):276-278.
  12.  41
    A Logical and Algebraic Treatment of Conditional Probability.Tommaso Flaminio & Franco Montagna - 2005 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 44 (2):245-262.
    .This paper is devoted to a logical and algebraic treatment of conditional probability. The main ideas are the use of non-standard probabilities and of some kind of standard part function in order to deal with the case where the conditioning event has probability zero, and the use of a many-valued modal logic in order to deal probability of an event φ as the truth value of the sentence φ is probable, along the lines of Hájek’s book (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  13. David Hume and the Probability of Miracles.George I. Mavrodes - 1998 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 43 (3):167-182.
    I examine Hume’s proposal about rationally considering testimonial evidence for miracles. He proposes that we compare the probability of the miracle (independently of the testimony) with the probability that the testimony is false, rejecting whichever has the lower probability. However, this superficially plausible proposal is massively ignored in our treatment of testimonial evidence in nonreligious contexts. I argue that it should be ignored, because in many cases, including the resurrection of Jesus, neither we nor Hume have (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14.  11
    The Inverse Conjunction Fallacy.Martin Jönsson & James A. Hampton - unknown
    If people believe that some property is true of all members of a class such as sofas, then they should also believe that the same property is true of all members of a conjunctively defined subset of that class such as uncomfortable handmade sofas. A series of experiments demonstrated a failure to observe this constraint, leading to what is termed the inverse conjunction fallacy. Not only did people often express a belief in the more general statement but not in (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  15.  4
    The Probability of Majority Inversion in a Two-Stage Voting System with Three States.Serguei Kaniovski & Alexander Zaigraev - 2018 - Theory and Decision 84 (4):525-546.
    Two-stage voting is prone to majority inversions, a situation in which the outcome of an election is not backed by a majority of popular votes. We study the probability of majority inversion in a model with two candidates, three states and uniformly distributed fractions of supporters for each candidate. The model encompasses equal or distinct population sizes, with equal, population-based or arbitrary voting weights in the second stage. We prove that, when no state can dictate the outcome of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  71
    Conditional Probability in the Light of Qualitative Belief Change.David C. Makinson - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (2):121 - 153.
    We explore ways in which purely qualitative belief change in the AGM tradition throws light on options in the treatment of conditional probability. First, by helping see why it can be useful to go beyond the ratio rule defining conditional from one-place probability. Second, by clarifying what is at stake in different ways of doing that. Third, by suggesting novel forms of conditional probability corresponding to familiar variants of qualitative belief change, and conversely. Likewise, we explain (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  17.  85
    Probability.Darrell Patrick Rowbottom - 2015 - Polity.
    When a doctor tells you there’s a one percent chance that an operation will result in your death, or a scientist claims that his theory is probably true, what exactly does that mean? Understanding probability is clearly very important, if we are to make good theoretical and practical choices. In this engaging and highly accessible introduction to the philosophy of probability, Darrell Rowbottom takes the reader on a journey through all the major interpretations of probability, with reference (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  18.  35
    Aristotle's Treatment of Probability and Signs.Edward H. Madden - 1957 - Philosophy of Science 24 (2):167-172.
  19. An Inverse of Bell's Theorem.Kaj B. Hansen - 1995 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 26 (1):63 - 74.
    A class of probability functions is studied. This class contains the probability functions of half-spin particles and spinning classical objects. A notion of realisability for these functions is defined. In terms of this notion two versions of Bell's theorem and their inverses are stated and proved.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  20.  47
    Corroborating Testimony, Probability and Surprise.Erik J. Olsson - 2002 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (2):273-288.
    Jonathan Cohen has claimed that in cases of witness agreement there is an inverse relationship between the prior probability and the posterior probability of what is being agreed: the posterior rises as the prior falls. As is demonstrated in this paper, this contention is not generally valid. In fact, in the most straightforward case exactly the opposite is true: a lower prior also means a lower posterior. This notwithstanding, there is a grain of truth to what Cohen (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  21.  50
    Inferring Probability Comparisons.Matthew Harrison-Trainor, Wesley H. Holliday & Thomas Icard - 2018 - Mathematical Social Sciences 91:62-70.
    The problem of inferring probability comparisons between events from an initial set of comparisons arises in several contexts, ranging from decision theory to artificial intelligence to formal semantics. In this paper, we treat the problem as follows: beginning with a binary relation ≥ on events that does not preclude a probabilistic interpretation, in the sense that ≥ has extensions that are probabilistically representable, we characterize the extension ≥+ of ≥ that is exactly the intersection of all probabilistically representable extensions (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  12
    Probability.Darrell Patrick Rowbottom - unknown
    When a doctor tells you there’s a one percent chance that an operation will result in your death, or a scientist claims that his theory is probably true, what exactly does that mean? Understanding probability is clearly very important, if we are to make good theoretical and practical choices. In this engaging and highly accessible introduction to the philosophy of probability, Darrell Rowbottom takes the reader on a journey through all the major interpretations of probability, with reference (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  23.  33
    Probability Logic and Combining Evidence.Theodore Hailperin - 2006 - History and Philosophy of Logic 27 (3):249-269.
    In Hailperin 1996 , in addition to its formal development of Probability Logic, there are many sections devoted to historical origins, illustrative examples, and discussion of related work by other authors. Here selected portions of its formal treatment are summarized and then used as a basis for a probability logic treatment of combining evidence.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  24. The Principle of Indifference and Imprecise Probability.Susanna Rinard - 2014 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 3 (2):110-114.
    Sometimes different partitions of the same space each seem to divide that space into propositions that call for equal epistemic treatment. Famously, equal treatment in the form of equal point-valued credence leads to incoherence. Some have argued that equal treatment in the form of equal interval-valued credence solves the puzzle. This paper shows that, once we rule out intervals with extreme endpoints, this proposal also leads to incoherence.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  25.  61
    Subjective Probability Weighting and the Discovered Preference Hypothesis.Gijs van de Kuilen - 2009 - Theory and Decision 67 (1):1-22.
    Numerous studies have convincingly shown that prospect theory can better describe risky choice behavior than the classical expected utility model because it makes the plausible assumption that risk aversion is driven not only by the degree of sensitivity toward outcomes, but also by the degree of sensitivity toward probabilities. This article presents the results of an experiment aimed at testing whether agents become more sensitive toward probabilities over time when they repeatedly face similar decisions, receive feedback on the consequences of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26.  32
    Cohen on Inductive Probability and the Law of Evidence.Ferdinand Schoeman - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (1):76-91.
    L. Jonathan Cohen has written a number of important books and articles in which he argues that mathematical probability provides a poor model of much of what paradigmatically passes for sound reasoning, whether this be in the sciences, in common discourse, or in the law. In his book, The Probable and the Provable, Cohen elaborates six paradoxes faced by advocates of mathematical probability (PM) when treating issues of evidence as they would arise in a court of law. He (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  27.  43
    The Weights of Evidence.Dale A. Nance - 2008 - Episteme 5 (3):pp. 267-281.
    Interest in the Keynesian concept of evidential weight has led to divergent views concerning the burden of proof in adjudication. It is argued that Keynes's concept is properly engaged only in the context of one special kind of decision, the decision whether or not the evidence is ripe for a decision on the underlying merits, whether the latter decision is based on probability, relative plausibility, coherence or otherwise. As a general matter, this question of ripeness is appropriately assigned to (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Humphrey's Paradox and the Interpretation of Inverse Conditional Propensities.Christopher S. I. Mccurdy - 1996 - Synthese 108 (1):105 - 125.
    The aim of this paper is to distinguish between, and examine, three issues surrounding Humphreys's paradox and interpretation of conditional propensities. The first issue involves the controversy over the interpretation of inverse conditional propensities — conditional propensities in which the conditioned event occurs before the conditioning event. The second issue is the consistency of the dispositional nature of the propensity interpretation and the inversion theorems of the probability calculus, where an inversion theorem is any theorem of probability (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  29.  16
    The Infinite Ballot Box of Nature: De Morgan, Boole, and Jevons on Probability and the Logic of Induction.John V. Strong - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:197 - 211.
    The project of constructing a logic of scientific inference on the basis of mathematical probability theory was first undertaken in a systematic way by the mid-nineteenth-century British logicians Augustus De Morgan, George Boole and William Stanley Jevons. This paper sketches the origins and motivation of that effort, the emergence of the inverse probability (IP) model of theory assessment, and the vicissitudes which that model suffered at the hands of its critics. Particular emphasis is given to the influence (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  30.  31
    Studies in Logic and Probability.George Boole - 1952 - Dover Publications.
    Appropriate for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, this volume includes a variety of Boole's writings on logical subjects, along with papers on related questions of probability. His earlier work, The Mathematical Analysis of Logic, appears here, together with an account of the notes Boole made on his own interleaved copy. In addition, the appendices contain relevant papers by contemporaries with whom the author engaged in discussion, making it possible to trace interesting developments in Boolean reasoning-particularly in regard to his (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  31.  78
    Faith, Probability and Infinite Passion: Ramseyian Decision Theory and Kierkegaard's Account of Christian Faith.Robert C. Koons - 1993 - Faith and Philosophy 10 (2):145-160.
    The logical treatment of the nature of religious belief (here I will concentrate on belief in Christianity) has been distorted by the acceptance of a false dilemma. On the one hand, many (e.g., Braithwaite, Hare) have placed the significance of religious belief entirely outside the realm of intellectual cognition. According to this view, religious statements do not express factual propositions: they are not made true or false by the ways things are. Religious belief consists in a certain attitude toward (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32.  46
    Intergenerational Impartiality: Replacing Discounting by Probability Weighting. [REVIEW]Yew-Kwang Ng - 2005 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (3):237-257.
    Intergenerational impartiality requires putting the welfare of future generations at par with that of our own. However, rational choice requires weighting all welfare values by the respective probabilities of realization. As the risk of non-survival of mankind is strictly positive for all time periods and as the probability of non-survival is cumulative, the probability weights operate like discount factors, though justified on a morally justifiable and completely different ground. Impartial intertemporal welfare maximization is acceptable, though the welfare (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  33.  11
    Estimating Mann–Whitney-Type Causal Effects for Right-Censored Survival Outcomes.Zhiwei Zhang, Chunling Liu, Shujie Ma & Min Zhang - 2018 - Journal of Causal Inference 7 (1).
    Mann–Whitney-type causal effects are clinically relevant, easy to interpret, and readily applicable to a wide range of study settings. This article considers estimation of such effects when the outcome variable is a survival time subject to right censoring. We derive and discuss several methods: an outcome regression method based on a regression model for the survival outcome, an inverse probability weighting method based on models for treatment assignment and censoring, and two doubly robust methods that involve both (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  46
    Interpreting Probability: Controversies and Developments in the Early Twentieth Century.James M. Joyce - 2004 - Philosophical Review 113 (3):438-441.
    Philosophers can learn a lot about scientific methodology when great scientists square off to debate the foundations of their discipline. The Leibniz/newton controversy over the nature of physical space and the Einstein/bohr exchanges over quantum theory provide paradigm examples of this phenomenon. David Howie’s splendid recent book describes another philosophically laden dispute of this sort. Throughout the 1930s, R. A. Fisher and Harold Jeffries squabbled over the methodology for the nascent discipline of statistics. Their debate has come to symbolize the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35.  24
    Wunder’s Probability Objection.Richard Bosse - 2018 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 84 (1):131-142.
    Tyler Andrew Wunder, in his article, “Alvin Plantinga on Paul Draper’s evolutionary atheology: implications of theism’s non-contingency,” argues that Plantinga makes a serious error regarding probabilities in his critique of Draper. Properly modified, Wunder believes the argument “works,” but only in a trivial sense. This paper argues that Wunder’s objection, based on an assumed probability calculus, is merely asserted; whereas, there are other competing axiomatic systems consistent with Plantinga’s treatment of probability. As to the modified argument, it (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36.  21
    Simultaneous Measurement and Joint Probability Distributions in Quantum Mechanics.Willem M. de Muynck, Peter A. E. M. Janssen & Alexander Santman - 1979 - Foundations of Physics 9 (1-2):71-122.
    The problem of simultaneous measurement of incompatible observables in quantum mechanics is studied on the one hand from the viewpoint of an axiomatic treatment of quantum mechanics and on the other hand starting from a theory of measurement. It is argued that it is precisely such a theory of measurement that should provide a meaning to the axiomatically introduced concepts, especially to the concept of observable. Defining an observable as a class of measurement procedures yielding a certain prescribed result (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  37.  54
    Wittgenstein on Probability: A Contribution to Vienna Circle Discussions.Brian McGuinness - 1982 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 16 (1):159-174.
    Wittgenstein was not only an inspirational figure for Schlick but also contributed to scientific philosophy as Neurath demanded. His verificationism is one instance of this, but it is also shown in his treatment of probability (where his ideas were developed further by Waismann). Wittgenstein revived Bolzano's logical interpretation of probability, anticipating Carnap and many moderns. He construed laws of nature as hypotheses that we had to assume. It is the general form of these hypotheses (what he later (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  38.  25
    Analyzing Outcomes of Intrauterine Insemination Treatment by Application of Cluster Analysis or Kohonen Neural Networks.Anna Justyna Milewska, Dorota Jankowska, Urszula Cwalina, Teresa Więsak, Dorota Citko, Allen Morgan & Robert Milewski - 2013 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 35 (1):7-25.
    Intrauterine insemination is one of many treatments provided to infertility patients. Many factors such as, but not limited to, quality of semen, the age of a woman, and reproductive hormone levels contribute to infertility. Therefore, the aim of our study is to establish a statistical probability concerning the prediction of which groups of patients have a very good or poor prognosis for pregnancy after IUI insemination. For that purpose, we compare the results of two analyses: Cluster Analysis and Kohonen (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  39. Quantum Mechanics and Interpretations of Probability Theory.Neal Grossman - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (4):451-460.
    Several philosophers of science have claimed that the conceptual difficulties of quantum mechanics can be resolved by appealing to a particular interpretation of probability theory. For example, Popper bases his treatment of quantum mechanics on the propensity interpretation of probability, and Margenau bases his treatment of quantum mechanics on the frequency interpretation of probability. The purpose of this paper is (i) to consider and reject such claims, and (ii) to discuss the question of whether the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  40.  14
    O Ciałach Zdarzeń I Ich Definicji W Aksjomatycznej Teorii prawdopodobieństwaО Телах Событий И Их Определении В Аксиоматигеской Теории вероятностиFields of Events and Their Definition in the Axiomatic Treatment of Probability.Jerzy Łoś - 1960 - Studia Logica 9 (1):95-132.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  9
    Wittgenstein on Probability: A Contribution to Vienna Circle Discussions.Brian McGuinness - 1982 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 16 (1):159-174.
    Wittgenstein was not only an inspirational figure for Schlick but also contributed to scientific philosophy as Neurath demanded. His verificationism is one instance of this, but it is also shown in his treatment of probability. Wittgenstein revived Bolzano's logical interpretation of probability, anticipating Carnap and many moderns. He construed laws of nature as hypotheses that we had to assume. It is the general form of these hypotheses and not relative frequency that provides the basis for judgements of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42.  21
    Probability and Evidence.Frederick Suppe - 1985 - Review of Metaphysics 38 (3):637-639.
    In this slim but excessively priced volume, Paul Horwich attempts "to exhibit a unified approach to philosophy of science, based on the concept of subjective probability... by offering new treatments of several problems... and... by providing a more complete probabilistic account of scientific methods and assumptions than has been given before". Starting with the view that beliefs are not all-or-nothing matters but rather are susceptible to varying degrees of intensity, and interpreting this via a modified Bayesian use of subjective (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  36
    Error Propagation in the Elicitation of Utility and Probability Weighting Functions.Pavlo Blavatskyy - 2006 - Theory and Decision 60 (2-3):315-334.
    Elicitation methods in decision-making under risk allow us to infer the utilities of outcomes as well as the probability weights from the observed preferences of an individual. An optimally efficient elicitation method is proposed, which takes the inevitable distortion of preferences by random errors into account and minimizes the effect of such errors on the inferred utility and probability weighting functions. Under mild assumptions, the optimally efficient method for eliciting utilities and probability weights is the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  44.  5
    An Eco-Inefficiency Dominance Probability Approach for Chinese Banking Operations Based on Data Envelopment Analysis.Feng Li, Lunwen Wu, Qingyuan Zhu, Yanling Yu, Gang Kou & Yi Liao - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-14.
    Data envelopment analysis has proven to be a powerful technique for assessing the relative performance of a set of homogeneous decision-making units. A critical feature of conventional DEA approaches is that only one or several sets of optimal virtual weights are used to aggregate the ratio performance efficiencies, and thus, the efficiency scores might be too extreme or even unrealistic. Alternatively, this paper aims at developing a new performance dominance probability approach and applying it to analyze the banking (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. Do Chances Receive Equal Treatment Under the Laws? Or: Must Chances Be Probabilities?Marc Lange - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):383-403.
    I offer an argument regarding chances that appears to yield a dilemma: either the chances at time t must be determined by the natural laws and the history through t of instantiations of categorical properties, or the function ch(•) assigning chances need not satisfy the axioms of probability. The dilemma's first horn might seem like a remnant of determinism. On the other hand, this horn might be inspired by our best scientific theories. In addition, it is entailed by the (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  46.  36
    Partially Undetermined Many-Valued Events and Their Conditional Probability.Franco Montagna - 2012 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (3):563-593.
    A logic for classical conditional events was investigated by Dubois and Prade. In their approach, the truth value of a conditional event may be undetermined. In this paper we extend the treatment to many-valued events. Then we support the thesis that probability over partially undetermined events is a conditional probability, and we interpret it in terms of bets in the style of de Finetti. Finally, we show that the whole investigation can be carried out in a logical (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  47.  1
    Expensive Care? Resource-Based Thresholds for Potentially Inappropriate Treatment in Intensive Care.Julian Savulescu, Stavros Petrou & Dominic Wilkinson - 2018 - Monash Bioethics Review 35 (1-4):2-23.
    In intensive care, disputes sometimes arise when patients or surrogates strongly desire treatment, yet health professionals regard it as potentially inappropriate. While professional guidelines confirm that physicians are not always obliged to provide requested treatment, determining when treatment would be inappropriate is extremely challenging. One potential reason for refusing to provide a desired and potentially beneficial treatment is because this would harm other patients. Elsewhere in public health systems, cost effectiveness analysis is sometimes used to decide (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48.  40
    Probability Kinematics and Causality.Richard Jeffrey - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:365 - 373.
    Making up your mind can include making up your mind about how to change your mind. Here a suggestion for coding imputations of influence into the kinematics of judgmental probabilities is applied to the treatment of Newcomb problems in The Logic of Decision framework. The suggestion is that what identifies you as treating judgmental probabilistic covariance of X and Y as measuring an influence of X on Y is constancy of your probabilities for values of Y conditionally on values (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. Fear of Contamination: Assessment & Treatment.Stanley Rachman - 2006 - Oxford University Press UK.
    From a leading figure in the field of psychotherapy, this new book is the first dedicated to the topic of the fear of contamination. The fear of contamination is the driving force behind compulsive washing, the most common manifestation of obsessive compulsive disorder. It is one of the most extraordinary of all human fears. People who have an abnormally elevated fear of contamination over-estimate the probability and the potential seriousness of becoming contaminated. They believe that they are more susceptible (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50.  14
    On Linear Aggregation of Infinitely Many Finitely Additive Probability Measures.Michael Nielsen - 2019 - Theory and Decision 86 (3-4):421-436.
    We discuss Herzberg’s :319–337, 2015) treatment of linear aggregation for profiles of infinitely many finitely additive probabilities and suggest a natural alternative to his definition of linear continuous aggregation functions. We then prove generalizations of well-known characterization results due to :410–414, 1981). We also characterize linear aggregation of probabilities in terms of a Pareto condition, de Finetti’s notion of coherence, and convexity.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 999