88 found
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  1. Alan Millar (2007). What the Disjunctivist is Right About. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (1):176-199.
    There is a traditional conception of sensory experience on which the experiences one has looking at, say, a cat could be had by someone merely hallucinating a cat. Disjunctivists take issue with this conception on the grounds that it does not enable us to understand how perceptual knowledge is possible. In particular, they think, it does not explain how it can be that experiences gained in perception enable us to be in ‘cognitive contact’ with objects and facts. I develop this (...)
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  2.  20
    Alan Millar (forthcoming). Berkeley’s Puzzle. Analysis:anw070.
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  3.  87
    Alan Millar (2004). Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation. Oxford University Press.
    Alan Millar examines our understanding of why people think and act as they do. His key theme is that normative considerations form an indispensable part of the explanatory framework in terms of which we seek to understand each other. Millar defends a conception according to which normativity is linked to reasons. On this basis he examines the structure of certain normative commitments incurred by having propositional attitudes. Controversially, he argues that ascriptions of beliefs and intentions in and of themselves attribute (...)
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  4. Duncan Pritchard, Alan Millar & Adrian Haddock (2010). The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations. Oxford University Press Uk.
    This volume comprises three distinct investigations into the relationship between the nature and the value of knowledge. Each is written by one of the authors in consultation with the other two. 'Knowledge and Understanding' critically examines virtue-theoretic responses to the problem of the value of knowledge, and argues that the finally valuable cognitive state is not knowledge but understanding. 'Knowledge and Recognition' develops an account of knowledge in which the idea of a recognitional ability plays a prominent role, and argues (...)
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  5. Alan Millar (2008). Perceptual-Recognitional Abilities and Perceptual Knowledge. In Adrian Haddock & Fiona Macpherson (eds.), Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge. Oxford University Press 330--47.
    A conception of recognitional abilities and perceptual-discriminative abilities is deployed to make sense of how perceptual experiences enable us to make cognitive contact with objects and facts. It is argued that accepting the emerging view does not commit us to thinking that perceptual experiences are essentially relational, as they are conceived to be in disjunctivist theories. The discussion explores some implications for the theory of knowledge in general and, in particular, for the issue of how we can shed light on (...)
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  6.  42
    Alan Millar (1991). Reasons and Experience. Oxford University Press.
    Millar argues against the tendency in current philosophical thought to treat sensory experiences as a peculiar species of propositional attitude. While allowing that experiences may in some sense bear propositional content, he presents a view of sensory experiences as a species of psychological state. A key theme in his general approach is that justified belief results from the competent exercise of conceptual capacities, some of which involve an ability to respond appropriately to current experience. In working out this approach the (...)
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  7. Duncan Pritchard, Alan Millar & Adrian Haddock (eds.) (2010). Social Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
    Recent epistemology has reflected a growing interest in the social dimension of the subject. This volume presents new work by leading philosophers on a wide range of topics in social epistemology, such as the nature of testimony, the epistemology of disagreement, and the social genealogy of the concept of knowledge.
     
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  8.  57
    Alan Millar (2014). Reasons for Belief, Perception, and Reflective Knowledge. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 88 (1):1-19.
    A conception of the relation between reasons for belief, justified belief, and knowledge is outlined on which a belief is justified, in the sense of being well-founded, only if there is an adequate reason to believe it, reasons to believe something are constituted by truths, and a reason to believe something justifies one in believing it only if it is constituted by a truth or truths that one knows. It is argued that, contrary to initial appearances, perceptual justification does not (...)
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  9. Alan Millar (2011). How Visual Perception Yields Reasons for Belief. Philosophical Issues 21 (1):332-351.
    It is argued that seeing that P is a mode of knowing that P that is to be explained in terms of the exercise of visual-perceptual recognitional abilities. The nature of those abilities is described. The justification for believing that P, when one sees that P, is provided by the fact that one sees that P. Access to this fact is explained in terms of an ability to recognize of seen objects that one is seeing them. Reasons for resistance to (...)
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  10.  82
    Alan Millar (2011). Why Knowledge Matters. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):63-81.
    An explanation is given of why it is in the nature of inquiry into whether or not p that its aim is fully achieved only if one comes to know that p or to know that not-p and, further, comes to know how one knows, either way. In the absence of the latter one is in no position to take the inquiry to be successfully completed or to vouch for the truth of the matter in hand. An upshot is that (...)
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  11. Alan Millar (2008). Disjunctivism and Skepticism. In John Greco (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism. Oxford University Press
    The paper explains what disjunctivism is and explores its implications for skepticism. Following an account of Paul Snowdon’s conception of a disjunctivist account of perceptual experience the the focus is on how disjunctivism has figured in the epistemological work of John McDowell. A conception of recognitional abilities is deployed to expand on McDowell’s position. Finally, there is consideration of whether McDowell offers a satisfactory response to skepticism, taking account of criticism’s made by Crispin Wright.
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  12.  47
    Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.) (2009). Epistemic Value. Oxford University Press.
    Recent epistemology has reflected a growing interest in issues about the value of knowledge and the values informing epistemic appraisal. Is knowledge more valuable that merely true belief or even justified true belief? Is truth the central value informing epistemic appraisal or do other values enter the picture? Epistemic Value is a collection of previously unpublished articles on such issues by leading philosophers in the field. It will stimulate discussion of the nature of knowledge and of directions that might be (...)
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  13. Alan Millar (2000). The Scope of Perceptual Knowledge. Philosophy 75 (291):73-88.
    Plausibly perceptual knowledge satisfies the following: It is knowledge about things from the way they appear. It can embrace more than the way things appear. It is phenomenologically immediate and thus, in one sense, non-inferential. and place a significant constraint on adequate elucidations of . Knowledge about an object, from the way it looks, which embraces more than the way it looks, should not turn out to be inferential in the relevant sense. The paper shows how this constraint can be (...)
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  14. Alan Millar (2009). What is It That Cognitive Abilities Are Abilities to Do? Acta Analytica 24 (4):223-236.
    This article outlines a conception of perceptual-recognitional abilities. These include abilities to recognize certain things from their appearance to some sensory modality, as being of some kind, or as possessing some property. An assumption of the article is that these abilities are crucial for an adequate understanding of perceptual knowledge. The specific aim here is to contrast those abilities with abilities or competences as conceived in the virtue-theoretic literature, with particular reference to views of Ernest Sosa and John Greco. In (...)
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  15. Alan Millar (2011). Knowledge and Reasons for Belief. In Andrew Reisner & Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen (eds.), Reasons for Belief. Cambridge University Press
     
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  16.  7
    Alan Millar (1987). Metaphor and Religious Language. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 37 (147):224-226.
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  17. Alan Millar, A Précis of Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation.
    The article provides a summary of the author's book Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2004). It details three areas in which the notion of a normative commitment is made central. These are (1) believing and intending, (2) practices conceived as essentially rule-governed activities, and (3) meaning and concepts. An account is given of how we may best explain the commitments incurred by beliefs and intentions. It is held that those states are themselves essentially normative. A problem (...)
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  18.  44
    Alan Millar (2007). The State of Knowing. Philosophical Issues 17 (1):179–196.
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  19.  24
    Alan Millar (2016). Perceptual Knowledge and Well-Founded Belief. Episteme 13 (1):43-59.
    Should a philosophical account of perceptual knowledge accord a justificatory role to sensory experiences? This discussion raises problems for an affirmative answer and sets out an alternative account on which justified belief is conceived as well-founded belief and well-foundedness is taken to depend on knowledge. A key part of the discussion draws on a conception of perceptual-recognitional abilities to account for how perception gives rise both to perceptual knowledge and to well-founded belief.
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  20. Alan Millar (2009). From Reasons for Belief. In Simon Robertson (ed.), Spheres of Reason: New Essays in the Philosophy of Normativity. Oxford University Press 140.
     
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  21. Alan Millar (1994). Possessing Concepts: Christopher Peacocke's a Study of Concepts. [REVIEW] Mind 103 (409):73-82.
  22.  41
    José Luis Bermúdez & Alan Millar (eds.) (2002). Reason and Nature: Essays in the Theory of Rationality. Oxford University Press.
    The essays in this volume investigate the norms of reason--the standards which contribute to determining whether beliefs, inferences, and actions are rational. Nine philosophers and two psychologists discuss what kinds of things these norms are, how they can be situated within the natural world, and what role they play in the psychological explanation of belief and action. Current work in the theory of rationality is subject to very diverse influences ranging from experimental and theoretical psychology, through philosophy of logic and (...)
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  23. Alan Millar (1977). Truth and Understanding. Mind 86 (343):405-416.
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  24. Alan Millar (2010). Knowing From Being Told. In Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Social Epistemology. OUP Oxford
     
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  25.  70
    Alan Millar (1991). Concepts, Experience, and Inference. Mind 100 (399):495-505.
  26.  95
    Alan Millar (1994). Possessing Concepts. [REVIEW] Mind 103 (409):73-82.
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  27. Alan Millar (2002). The Normativity of Meaning. In Anthony O'Hear (ed.), Philosophical Studies. Cambridge University Press 57-73.
    In a discussion of rule-following inspired by Wittgenstein, Kripke asks us to consider the relation which holds between meaning plus by ‘+’ and answering questions like, ‘What is the sum of 68 and 57?’. A dispositional theory has it that if you mean plus by ‘+’ then you will probably answer, ‘125’. That is because, according to such a theory, to mean plus by ‘+’ is , roughly speaking, to be disposed, by and large, and among other things, to answer (...)
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  28.  90
    Alan Millar (2012). Scepticism, Perceptual Knowledge, and Doxastic Responsibility. Synthese 189 (2):353-372.
    Arguments for scepticism about perceptual knowledge are often said to have intuitively plausible premises. In this discussion I question this view in relation to an argument from ignorance and argue that the supposed persuasiveness of the argument depends on debatable background assumptions about knowledge or justification. A reasonable response to scepticism has to show there is a plausible epistemological perspective that can make sense of our having perceptual knowledge. I present such a perspective. In order give a more satisfying response (...)
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  29.  42
    Alan Millar (1996). The Idea of Experience. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 96 (1):75-90.
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  30. Alan Millar (2009). How Reasons for Action Differ From Reasons for Belief. In Simon Robertson (ed.), Spheres of Reason. Oxford University Press
     
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  31.  77
    Alan Millar (1985). Veridicality: More on Searle. Analysis 45 (March):120-124.
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  32.  77
    Alan Millar (2002). Review: Perception, Knowledge and Belief: Selected Essays. [REVIEW] Mind 111 (442):389-392.
  33. Jose Luis Bermudez & Alan Millar (eds.) (2002). Reason and Nature. Clarendon.
    Reason and Nature investigates the norms of reason--the standards which contribute to determining whether beliefs, inferences, and actions are rational. Nine philosophers and two psychologists discuss what kinds of things these norms are, how they can be situated within the natural world, and what role they play in the psychological explanation of belief and action. Current work in the theory of rationality is subject to very diverse influences ranging from experimental and theoretical psychology, through philosophy of logic and language, to (...)
     
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  34. José Luis Bermúdez & Alan Millar (eds.) (2002). Reason and Nature: Essays in the Theory of Rationality. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Reason and Nature investigates the normative dimension of reason and rationality and how it can be situated within the natural world. Nine philosophers and two psychologists address three main themes. The first concerns the status of norms of rationality and, in particular, how it is possible to show that norms we take to be objectively authoritative are so in fact. The second has to do with the precise form taken by the norms of rationality. The third concerns the role of (...)
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  35. Alan Millar (forthcoming). ``Why Knowledge Matters&Quot. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society.
     
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  36.  22
    Alan Millar (1989). Experience and the Justification of Belief. Ratio 2 (2):138-152.
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  37.  50
    Alan Millar (2009). The Measure of Mind: Propositional Attitudes and Their Attribution • by Robert J. Matthews. [REVIEW] Analysis 69 (1):185-187.
    The deflationary aim of this book, which occupies Part I, is to show that a widely held view has little to be said for it. The constructive aim, pursued in Part II, is to make plausible a measure-theoretic account of propositional attitudes. The discussion is throughout instructive, illuminating and sensitive to the many intricacies surrounding attitude ascriptions and how they can carry information about a subject's psychology. There is close engagement with cognitive science. The book should be read by anyone (...)
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  38. Alan Millar (1998). Mill on Religion. In John Skorupski (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Mill. Cambridge University Press 176--202.
     
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  39. Alan Millar (2002). Reasons for Action and Instrumental Normativity. In José Luis Bermúdez & Alan Millar (eds.), Reason and Nature: Essays in the Theory of Rationality. Oxford University Press
     
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  40.  38
    Alan Millar (2004). Linda C. Raeder, John Stuart Mill and the Religion of Humanity (Columbia and London: University of Missouri Press, 2002), Pp. XI + 402. Utilitas 16 (3):338-341.
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  41.  14
    Alan Millar (2011). The Epistemological Significance of Practices. Protosociology 28:213-230.
    There are countless occasions when we find people’s thought or action intelligible, or anticipate what they will think or do, or are at least unsurprised by what they think or do, despite our having little if any information about their attitudes other than what we can gather from their situation and non-verbal behaviour. This article explores the role of practices, conceived as essentially rule-governed activities, is making this possible. Consideration is given to practicies for the use of words.
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  42.  13
    Alan Millar, How Meaning Might Be Normative.
    The aim is (i) to outline an account what it is to grasp the meaning of a predicative term, and (ii) to draw on that account in an attempt to shed light on what the normativity of meaning might amount to. Central to the account is that grasping the meaning of a predicative term is a practical matter—it is knowing how to use it correctly in a way that implicates having an ability to use it correctly. This calls for an (...)
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  43.  13
    Alan Millar (1988). Following Nature. Philosophical Quarterly 38 (151):165-185.
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  44.  2
    Alan Millar (1994). Review: Possessing Concepts. [REVIEW] Mind 103 (409):73 - 82.
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  45.  33
    Alan Millar (2008). Reviews Truth, Thought, Reason: Essays on Frege by Tyler Burge Clarendon Press, Oxford, 2005, Pp. 419 + XII. Philosophy 83 (2):275-279.
  46.  1
    Christopher S. Hill & Alan Millar (1993). Reasons and Experience. Philosophical Review 102 (2):279.
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  47.  1
    Alan Millar & Mark Rowlands (2001). The Body in Mind: Understanding Cognitive Processes. Philosophical Review 110 (4):621.
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  48.  21
    Alan Millar (1986). What's in a Look? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 86:83-98.
  49.  29
    Alan Millar (2001). Rationality and Higher-Order Intentionality. Philosophy Supplement 49:179-198.
    According to the rationality thesis , the possession of propositional attitudes is inextricably tied to rationality. How in this context should we conceive of rationality? In one sense, being rational is contrasted with being non-rational, as when human beings are described as rational animals. In another sense, being rational is contrasted with being irrational. I shall call rationality in this latter sense evaluative rationality . Whatever else it might involve, evaluative rationality surely has to do with satisfying requirements of rationality (...)
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  50.  28
    Alan Millar (1996). Sensibility and Understanding. Inquiry 39 (3 & 4):459 – 478.
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