Results for 'Barry Wellman'

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  1. Network Analysis: Some Basic Principles.Barry Wellman - 1983 - Sociological Theory 1:155-200.
    Network analysis is a fundamental approach to the study of social structure. This chapter traces its development, distinguishing characteristics, and analytic principles. It emphasizes the intellectual unity of three research traditions: the anthropological concept of the social network, the sociological conception of social structure as social network, and structural explanations of political processes. Network analysts criticize the normative, categorical, dyadic, and bounded-group emphases prevalent in many sociological analyses. They claim that the most direct way to study a social system is (...)
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  2.  21
    Local Virtuality in a High-Tech Networked Organization.Anabel Quan-Haase & Barry Wellman - 2004 - Analyse & Kritik 28 (1):241-257.
    What are networked organizations? The focus of discussions of the networked organization has been on the boundary-spanning nature of these new organizational structures. Yet, the role of the group in these networked organizations has remained unclear. Furthermore, little is known about how computer-mediated communication is used to bridge group and organizational boundaries. In particular, the role of new media in the context of existing communication patterns has received little attention. We examine how employees at a high-tech company, referred to as (...)
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  3. Introduction.Christian Barry & Holly Lawford-Smith - 2012 - In Christian Barry & Holly Lawford-Smith (eds.), Global Justice. Ashgate.
    This volume brings together a range of influential essays by distinguished philosophers and political theorists on the issue of global justice. Global justice concerns the search for ethical norms that should govern interactions between people, states, corporations and other agents acting in the global arena, as well as the design of social institutions that link them together. The volume includes articles that engage with major theoretical questions such as the applicability of the ideals of social and economic equality to the (...)
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  4.  3
    Community Interventions: A Brief Overview and Their Application to the Obesity Epidemic.Christina D. Economos & Sonya Irish-Hauser - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):131-137.
    Defining “community” from a research perspective is difficult. Communities consist of environmental, social, and geographic components. In addition, race, ethnicity, socio-economic status, and group memberships often play roles in community identity. Barry Wellman and Scot Wortley urge that to truly understand and influence a community, and most certainly to conduct research within communities, one must take into account the varied nature of relationships and networks and how they may work together synergistically to meet the needs of community members. (...)
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  5.  26
    The Realm of Rights.Carl Wellman - 1992 - Journal of Philosophy 89 (6):326-329.
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  6.  12
    William R. Shadish, Jr., Arthur C. Houts, Barry Gholson, and Robert A. Neimeyer.Barry Gholson - 1989 - In Psychology of Science: Contributions to Metascience. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1.
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  7.  4
    Challenge and Response: Justification in Ethics.Carl Wellman - 1971 - Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
    Mr. Wellman’s highly original contribution to the relatively new field of justification in ethics consists of characterizing the different ways in which ethical statements can be challenged and showing how each sort of challenge can be met by an appropriate response, enabling reasonable men to appropriately discuss or reflect on ethical issues. In developing his unique, systematic, methodology of ethics, Mr. Wellman has, first, rigorously reviewed and refuted the main arguments for the view of the nature of all (...)
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  8. Debating the Ethics of Immigration: Is There a Right to Exclude?Christopher Heath Wellman & Phillip Cole - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    Do states have the right to prevent potential immigrants from crossing their borders, or should people have the freedom to migrate and settle wherever they wish? Christopher Heath Wellman and Phillip Cole develop and defend opposing answers to this timely and important question.
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  9. Why the Child’s Theory of Mind Really Is a Theory.Alison Gopnik & Henry M. Wellman - 1992 - Mind and Language 7 (1-2):145-71.
  10.  46
    Real Equality of Opportunity: BARRY R. GROSS.Barry R. Gross - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (1):120-142.
    We are often told that we are morally obligated to produce equal opportunity for all. Therefore, it seems we should examine what power we have to produce that desirable state. For it would be nonsense to say we are required to provide what is beyond our power to provide. When we examine this question, we find our power limited by two sets of constraints. One set comprises formal constraints upon the idea itself of equal opportunity. We cannot do the logically (...)
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  11.  59
    Ethical Issues for Autonomous Trading Agents.Michael P. Wellman & Uday Rajan - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (4):609-624.
    The rapid advancement of algorithmic trading has demonstrated the success of AI automation, as well as gaps in our understanding of the implications of this technology proliferation. We explore ethical issues in the context of autonomous trading agents, both to address problems in this domain and as a case study for regulating autonomous agents more generally. We argue that increasingly competent trading agents will be capable of initiative at wider levels, necessitating clarification of ethical and legal boundaries, and corresponding development (...)
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  12. Political Obligation and the Particularity Requirement.Christopher Heath Wellman - 2004 - Legal Theory 10 (2):97-115.
  13. Immigration and Freedom of Association.Christopher Heath Wellman - 2008 - Ethics 119 (1):109-141.
  14.  14
    Indeterminacy, Ethnophilosophy, Linguistic Philosophy, African Philosophy, Barry Hallen.Barry Hallen - 1995 - Philosophy 70 (273):377-94.
  15.  26
    The Acquisition of Mental Verbs: A Systematic Investigation of the First Reference to Mental State.Marilyn Shatz, Henry M. Wellman & Sharon Silber - 1983 - Cognition 14 (3):301-321.
  16.  17
    Moral Learning as Intuitive Theory Revision.Marjorie Rhodes & Henry Wellman - 2017 - Cognition 167:191-200.
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  17.  58
    Berkeley V. Locke on Primary Qualities: Barry Stroud.Barry Stroud - 1980 - Philosophy 55 (212):149-166.
    Locke was once supposed to have argued that since the colours, sounds, odours, and other ‘secondary’ qualities things appear to have can vary greatly according to the state and position of the observer, it follows that our ideas of the ‘secondary’ qualities of things do not ‘resemble’ anything existing in the objects themselves. And Berkeley has been credited with the obvious objection that similar facts about the ‘relativity’ of our perception of ‘primary’ qualities show that they do not ‘resemble’ anything (...)
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  18.  22
    Plurals and Events.Barry Schein - 1993 - MIT Press.
    Barry Schein proposes combining a second-order treatment of plurals with DonaldDavidson's suggestion that there are positions for reference to events in ordinary predicates inorder to account for several of the more puzzling features of ...
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  19.  3
    A Theory of Secession.Christopher Heath Wellman - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    First published in 2005, A Theory of Secession: The Case for Political Self-Determination offers an unapologetic defense of the right to secede. Christopher Heath Wellman argues that any group has a moral right to secede as long as its political divorce will leave it and the remainder state in a position to perform the requisite political functions. He explains that there is nothing contradictory about valuing legitimate states, while permitting their division. Once political states are recognized as valuable because (...)
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  20.  85
    Mind in a Physical World: An Essay on the Mind-Body Problem and Mental Causation.Barry Loewer & Jaegwon Kim - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (6):315.
  21.  21
    Freedom and Fulfillment: Philosophical Essays. 1992. Reprint.Carl Wellman & Joel Feinberg - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (3):413.
    This is a third volume of philosophical essays by Joel Feinberg. It exemplifies the clear and elegant formulation, useful conceptual distinctions, perceptive and imaginative insights, and powerful argument we have come to expect from him. Each of the first twelve essays deals with a problem of importance to moral philosophy and philosophy of law; the last two provide a preliminary taste of his projected inquiry into the absurd. Although these essays are diverse, Feinberg informs us that this volume continues its (...)
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  22.  30
    Insides and Essences: Early Understandings of the Non- Obvious.Susan A. Gelman & Henry M. Wellman - 1991 - Cognition 38 (3):213-244.
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  23. Contractual Justice: A Modest Defence: Brian Barry.Brian Barry - 1996 - Utilitas 8 (3):357-380.
    As the author of Justice as Impartiality, I am not ashamed to admit that I was delighted by the liveliness of the discussion generated by it at the meeting on which this symposium is based. I am likewise grateful to the six authors for finding the book worthy of the careful attention that they have bestowed on it. Between them, the symposiasts take up many more points than I can cover in this response. I shall therefore focus on some themes (...)
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  24.  33
    The Triangle Model of Responsibility.Barry R. Schlenker, Thomas W. Britt, John Pennington & Rodolfo Murphy - 1994 - Psychological Review 101 (4):632-652.
  25.  43
    From Simple Desires to Ordinary Beliefs: The Early Development of Everyday Psychology.Henry M. Wellman & Jacqueline D. Woolley - 1990 - Cognition 35 (3):245-275.
  26.  70
    Real Rights.Carl Wellman - 1995 - Oxford University Press.
    Real Rights offers a new theory of the grounds of legal and moral rights, thereby providing a platform from which to determine whether alleged rights are "real" or not. In particular, Wellman conceives of a legal or moral right as a complex of liberties, claims, powers, and immunities, and distinguishes the kinds of laws and moral reasons that can ground each of these. The book argues that only agents can be right-holders, that children and the mentally-limited can have only (...)
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  27. Is There a Duty to Obey the Law?Christopher Wellman & John Simmons - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    The central question in political philosophy is whether political states have the right to coerce their constituents and whether citizens have a moral duty to obey the commands of their state. In this 2005 book, Christopher Heath Wellman and A. John Simmons defend opposing answers to this question. Wellman bases his argument on samaritan obligations to perform easy rescues, arguing that each of us has a moral duty to obey the law as his or her fair share of (...)
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  28. Two Accounts of Laws and Time.Barry Loewer - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 160 (1):115-137.
    Among the most important questions in the metaphysics of science are "What are the natures of fundamental laws and chances?" and "What grounds the direction of time?" My aim in this paper is to examine some connections between these questions, discuss two approaches to answering them and argue in favor of one. Along the way I will raise and comment on a number of issues concerning the relationship between physics and metaphysics and consequences for the subject matter and methodology of (...)
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  29.  21
    Young Children's Reasoning About Beliefs.Henry M. Wellman & Karen Bartsch - 1988 - Cognition 30 (3):239-277.
  30. The Game of Belief.Barry Maguire & Jack Woods - 2020 - Philosophical Review 129 (2):211-249.
    It is plausible that there are epistemic reasons bearing on a distinctively epistemic standard of correctness for belief. It is also plausible that there are a range of practical reasons bearing on what to believe. These theses are often thought to be in tension with each other. Most significantly for our purposes, it is obscure how epistemic reasons and practical reasons might interact in the explanation of what one ought to believe. We draw an analogy with a similar distinction between (...)
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  31.  68
    Constructing a New Theory From Old Ideas and New Evidence.Marjorie Rhodes & Henry Wellman - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (3):592-604.
    A central tenet of constructivist models of conceptual development is that children's initial conceptual level constrains how they make sense of new evidence and thus whether exposure to evidence will prompt conceptual change. Yet little experimental evidence directly examines this claim for the case of sustained, fundamental conceptual achievements. The present study combined scaling and experimental microgenetic methods to examine the processes underlying conceptual change in the context of an important conceptual achievement of early childhood—the development of a representational theory (...)
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  32.  8
    The Rejection of Consequentialism.Barry R. Gross - 1986 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 46 (4):696-698.
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  33.  57
    Libertarianism: Some Conceptual Problems: Norman Barry.Norman Barry - 1989 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 26:109-127.
    Perhaps the most remarkable event in social thought of the last twenty years has been the resurgence of various strands of individualism as political doctrines. The term ‘individualism’ is a kind of general rubric that encompasses elements of nineteenth century classical liberalism, laissez-faire economics, the theory of the minimal state, and an extreme mutation out of this intellectual gene pool, anarcho-capitalism. The term libertarianism itself is applied indiscriminately to all of those doctrines. It has no precise meaning, except that in (...)
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  34. The Rights Forfeiture Theory of Punishment.Christopher Heath Wellman - 2012 - Ethics 122 (2):371-393.
  35.  12
    Wellman`s Challenge and Response'.Trudy Govier - 1979 - Informal Logic 2 (2).
  36. Humean Supervenience.Barry Loewer - 1996 - Philosophical Topics 24 (1):101-127.
  37. There Are No Reasons for Affective Attitudes.Barry Maguire - 2018 - Mind 127 (507):779-805.
    A dogma of contemporary ethical theory maintains that the nature of normative support for affective attitudes is the very same as the nature of normative support for actions. The prevailing view is that normative reasons provide the support across the board. I argue that the nature of normative support for affective attitudes is importantly different from the nature of normative support for actions. Actions are indeed supported by reasons. Reasons are gradable and contributory. The support relations for affective attitudes are (...)
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  38.  50
    A Liberal Theory of International Justice.Andrew Altman & Christopher Heath Wellman - 2009 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book advances a novel theory of international justice that combines the orthodox liberal notion that the lives of individuals are what ultimately matter morally with the putatively antiliberal idea of an irreducibly collective right of self-governance. The individual and her rights are placed at center stage insofar as political states are judged legitimate if they adequately protect the human rights of their constituents and respect the rights of all others. Yet, the book argues that legitimate states have a moral (...)
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  39.  60
    A Theory of Rights: Persons Under Laws, Institutions, and Morals.Carl Wellman - 1985 - Rowman & Allanheld.
    This book makes two important contributions toward a general and systematic theory of rights-a powerful philosophical analysis of the language of rights and an explanation of the nature of rights. In working out these ideas, Wellman has provided a new and cohesive way of thinking and talking about rights of every sort. Wellman succeeds in bringing all kinds of rights-moral, legal, institutional, etc.-under one unified theory in a way that illuminates their similarities and differences. This enables him to (...)
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  40. Collected Papers of Barry Castro: 1968 to 2005.Barry Castro - 2006 - Business Ethics Center, Grand Valley State University.
     
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  41. Determinism and Chance.Barry Loewer - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 32 (4):609-620.
    It is generally thought that objective chances for particular events different from 1 and 0 and determinism are incompatible. However, there are important scientific theories whose laws are deterministic but which also assign non-trivial probabilities to events. The most important of these is statistical mechanics whose probabilities are essential to the explanations of thermodynamic phenomena. These probabilities are often construed as 'ignorance' probabilities representing our lack of knowledge concerning the microstate. I argue that this construal is incompatible with the role (...)
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  42.  3
    Disciplines of Delight: The Psychoanalysis of Popular Culture.Barry Richards - 1994 - Free Association Books.
    In recent times it has seemed to many people as if the unifying impact of mass forms of popular culture has been overshadowed by the postmodernism of cultural pluralism, identity politics, niche marketing and lifestyle diversity. Using insights from psychoanalysis, this new book suggests that powerful forces may still be at work extending and deepening their hold on popular experience through the unifying forms of modern culture. The practices and aesthetic codes of popular culture provide ways of confronting and managing (...)
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  43.  10
    Needs.Carl Wellman - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (2):428-430.
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  44. The Value-Based Theory of Reasons.Barry Maguire - 2016 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3.
    This paper develops the Value-Based Theory of Reasons in some detail. The central part of the paper introduces a number of theoretically puzzling features of normative reasons. These include weight, transmission, overlap, and the promiscuity of reasons. It is argued that the Value-Based Theory of Reasons elegantly accounts for these features. This paper is programmatic. Its goal is to put the promising but surprisingly overlooked Value-Based Theory of Reasons on the table in discussions of normative reasons, and to draw attention (...)
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  45.  86
    The Phenomenal Self.Barry Dainton - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Barry Dainton presents a fascinating new account of the self, the key to which is experiential or phenomenal continuity. Provided our mental life continues we can easily imagine ourselves surviving the most dramatic physical alterations, or even moving from one body to another. It was this fact that led John Locke to conclude that a credible account of our persistence conditions - an account which reflects how we actually conceive of ourselves - should be framed in terms of mental (...)
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  46. Liberalism, Samaritanism, and Political Legitimacy.Christopher Heath Wellman - 1996 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 25 (3):211-237.
  47.  84
    Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations.Barrie Paskins & Michael Walzer - 1981 - Philosophical Quarterly 31 (124):285.
  48.  96
    The Proliferation of Rights: Moral Progress or Empty Rhetoric?Carl Wellman - 1999 - Westview Press.
    The Proliferation of Rights explores how the assertion of rights has expanded dramatically since World War II. Carl Wellman illuminates for the reader the historical developments in each of the major categories of rights, including human rights, civil rights, women’s rights, patient rights, and animal rights. He concludes by assessing where this proliferation has been legitimate and helpful, cases where it has been illusory and unproductive, and alternatives to the appeal to rights.
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  49. David Lewis’s Humean Theory of Objective Chance.Barry Loewer - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):1115--25.
    The most important theories in fundamental physics, quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics, posit objective probabilities or chances. As important as chance is there is little agreement about what it is. The usual “interpretations of probability” give very different accounts of chance and there is disagreement concerning which, if any, is capable of accounting for its role in physics. David Lewis has contributed enormously to improving this situation. In his classic paper “A Subjectivist's Guide to Objective Chance” he described a framework (...)
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  50. Gratitude as a Virtue.Christopher Heath Wellman - 1999 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 80 (3):284–300.
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