Results for 'D. M. Kaplan'

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David M. Kaplan
University of North Texas
David Michael Kaplan
Washington University in St. Louis
  1.  3
    10. The Facts of the Matter: A Discussion of Norton's Material Theory of Induction The Facts of the Matter: A Discussion of Norton's Material Theory of Induction (Pp. 188-197). [REVIEW]Marc Ereshefsky, Mohan Matthen, Matthew H. Slater, Alex Rosenberg, D. M. Kaplan, Kevin Js Zollman, Peter Vanderschraaf, J. McKenzie Alexander & Gordon Belot - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (1):86-113.
  2. Contemplative Science: An Insider's Prospectus.W. B. Britton, A. C. Brown, C. T. Kaplan, R. E. Goldman, M. Deluca, R. Rojiani, H. Reis, M. Xi, J. C. Chou, F. McKenna, P. Hitchcock, Tomas Rocha, J. Himmelfarb, D. M. Margolis, N. F. Halsey, A. M. Eckert & T. Frank - 2013 - New Directions for Teaching and Learning 134:13-29.
    This chapter describes the potential far‐reaching consequences of contemplative higher education for the fields of science and medicine.
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  3. Maye, J., B101 Medin, DL, 59 Mimouni, Z., 77 Motes, MA, B89.A. Caramazza, J. D. Coley, M. Coltheart, C. Fisher, S. A. Gelman, Y. Hagmayer, M. D. Hauser, C. Kalish, J. T. Kaplan & R. Langdon - 2002 - Cognition 82:279.
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  4.  30
    Attitudes of Seriously Ill Patients Toward Treatment That Involves High Costs and Burdens on Others.L. J. Schneiderman, R. Kronick, R. D. Langer, R. M. Kaplan & J. P. Anderson - 1995 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 6 (1):96-61.
  5.  72
    The Ontology of Words: A Structural Approach.Ryan M. Nefdt - 2019 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 62 (8):877-911.
    ABSTRACTWords form a fundamental basis for our understanding of linguistic practice. However, the precise ontology of words has eluded many philosophers and linguists. A persistent difficulty for most accounts of words is the type-token distinction [Bromberger, S. 1989. “Types and Tokens in Linguistics.” In Reflections on Chomsky, edited by A. George, 58–90. Basil Blackwell; Kaplan, D. 1990. “Words.” Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume LXIV: 93–119]. In this paper, I present a novel account of words which differs from the atomistic and (...)
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  6.  29
    Papers in Metaphysics and Epistemology.D. M. Armstrong & David Lewis - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (1):77.
    This is a collection of twenty-five papers and reviews by the leading analytic philosopher of our time. It adds to the papers on metaphysics and epistemology to be found in his previous two-volume collection published by Oxford University Press. One previously unpublished paper—“Why Conditionalize?”—is included. Australasian philosophers may note with some pride that eleven of the pieces were first published in the Australasian Journal of Philosophy.
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  7.  52
    Virtue and Character: A. D. M. Walker.A. D. M. Walker - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (249):349-362.
    Moral theories which, like those of Plato, Aristotle and Aquinas, give a central place to the virtues, tend to assume that as traits of character the virtues are mutually compatible so that it is possible for one and the same person to possess them all. This assumption—let us call it the compatibility thesis—does not deny the existence of painful moral dilemmas: it allows that the virtues may conflict in particular situations when considerations associated with different virtues favour incompatible courses of (...)
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  8.  72
    Towards a Theory of Properties: Work in Progress on the Problem of Universals: D. M. Armstrong.D. M. Armstrong - 1975 - Philosophy 50 (192):145-155.
    Many philosophers have declared that everything which exists is a particular. There is a weak interpretation of this doctrine which I believe to be a true proposition, and a strong one which I believe to be false.
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  9.  52
    Kant's Philosophy of Religion: D. M. MacKinnon.D. M. MacKinnon - 1975 - Philosophy 50 (192):131-144.
    It was in 1792 that Kant published the first Book of his most important single work on the philosophy of religion— Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone. But it was his very interesting treatment of the biblical material in the second Book that involved the philosopher in his one serious conflict with official authority. Greene and Hudson give a good account of this conflict and its effect on the work as a whole in the introduction to their translation of (...)
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  10. A World of States of Affairs.D. M. Armstrong - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this important study D. M. Armstrong offers a comprehensive system of analytical metaphysics that synthesises but also develops his thinking over the last twenty years. Armstrong's analysis, which acknowledges the 'logical atomism' of Russell and Wittgenstein, makes facts the fundamental constituents of the world, examining properties, relations, numbers, classes, possibility and necessity, dispositions, causes and laws. All these, it is argued, find their place and can be understood inside a scheme of states of affairs. This is a comprehensive and (...)
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  11. What is a Law of Nature?D. M. Armstrong - 1983 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a study of a crucial and controversial topic in metaphysics and the philosophy of science: the status of the laws of nature. D. M. Armstrong works out clearly and in comprehensive detail a largely original view that laws are relations between properties or universals. The theory is continuous with the views on universals and more generally with the scientific realism that Professor Armstrong has advanced in earlier publications. He begins here by mounting an attack on the orthodox and (...)
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  12. Truth and Truthmakers.D. M. Armstrong - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Truths are determined not by what we believe, but by the way the world is. Or so realists about truth believe. Philosophers call such theories correspondence theories of truth. Truthmaking theory, which now has many adherents among contemporary philosophers, is the most recent development of a realist theory of truth, and in this book D. M. Armstrong offers the first full-length study of this theory. He examines its applications to different sorts of truth, including contingent truths, modal truths, truths about (...)
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  13.  58
    Ayer's Attack on Metaphysics: D. M. MacKinnon.D. M. MacKinnon - 1991 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 30:49-61.
    In an article contributed to Mind in 1934, the young A. J. Ayer declared war on metaphysics, claiming that his destruction of the metaphysicians' arguments rested on the establishment of the sheerly non-sensical character of their statements. Their errors were syntactical; the combination of symbols in the sentences with which they expressed their propositions violated fundamental principles of significance.
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  14.  99
    Methodology in Business Ethics Research: A Review and Critical Assessment. [REVIEW]D. M. Randall & A. M. Gibson - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (6):457 - 471.
    Using 94 published empirical articles in academic journals as a data base, this paper provides a critical review of the methodology employed in the study of ethical beliefs and behavior of organizational members. The review revealed that full methodological detail was provided in less than one half of the articles. Further, the majority of empirical research articles expressed no concern for the reliability or validity of measures, were characterized by low response rates, used convenience samples, and did not offer a (...)
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  15. Universals: An Opinionated Introduction.D. M. Armstrong - 1989 - Westview Press.
    In this short text, a distinguished philosopher turns his attention to one of the oldest and most fundamental philosophical problems of all: How it is that we are able to sort and classify different things as being of the same natural class? Professor Armstrong carefully sets out six major theories—ancient, modern, and contemporary—and assesses the strengths and weaknesses of each. Recognizing that there are no final victories or defeats in metaphysics, Armstrong nonetheless defends a traditional account of universals as the (...)
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  16.  53
    A World of States of Affairs.John Heil & D. M. Armstrong - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (1):115.
    Despite heroic efforts, philosophers have found it increasingly difficult to evade discussion of metaphysical topics. Take the philosophy of mind. Take, in particular, the mind-body problem in its latest guise: the problem of causal relevance. If mental properties are not reducible to physical properties, how can we reconcile the role such properties seem to have in producing bodily motions that constitute actions with the apparent fact that the very same motions are entirely explicable on the basis of purely physical properties (...)
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  17. Scientific Transcendentalism, by D.M.M. D. & Scientific Transcendentalism - 1880
     
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  18. Universals and Scientific Realism: A Theory of Universals.D. M. Armstrong - 1978 - Cambridge University Press.
    v. 1. Nominalism and realism.--v. 2. A theory of universals.
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  19.  29
    Decision-Making in Patients with Advanced Cancer Compared with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.A. B. Astrow, J. R. Sood, M. T. Nolan, P. B. Terry, L. Clawson, J. Kub, M. Hughes & D. P. Sulmasy - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):664-668.
    Aim: Patients with advanced cancer need information about end-of-life treatment options in order to make informed decisions. Clinicians vary in the frequency with which they initiate these discussions.Patients and methods: As part of a long-term longitudinal study, patients with an expected 2-year survival of less than 50% who had advanced gastrointestinal or lung cancer or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis were interviewed. Each patient’s medical record was reviewed at enrollment and at 3 months for evidence of the discussion of patient wishes concerning (...)
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  20.  28
    Theology and Tragedy: D. M. MACKINNON.D. M. Mackinnon - 1967 - Religious Studies 2 (2):163-169.
    It is now some years since Professor D. Daiches Raphael published his interesting book, The Paradox of Tragedy , which represented one of the first serious attempts made by a British philosopher to assess the significance of tragic drama for ethical, and indeed metaphysical theory. Since then we have had a variety of books touching on related topics: for instance, Dr George Steiner's Death of Tragedy and Mr Raymond Williams’ most recent, elusive and interesting essay, Modern Tragedy. To entitle an (...)
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  21.  70
    Papers in Metaphysics and Epistemology.D. M. Armstrong - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (1):77-79.
    This is part of a three-volume collection of most of David Lewis' papers in philosophy, except for those that previously appeared in his Philosophical Papers (Oxford University Press, 1983 and 1986). They are now offered in a readily accessible form. This second volume is devoted to Lewis' work in metaphysics and epistemology. The purpose of this collection, and the volumes that precede and follow it, is to disseminate more widely the work of an eminent and influential contemporary philosopher. The volume (...)
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  22.  17
    (D. M.) Nicol The Despotate of Epiros 1267–1479: A Contribution to the History of Greece in the Middle Ages. Cambridge, Etc.: University Press. 1984. Pp. Xiii + 297, 1 Map. £27.50/$49.50. [REVIEW]Simon Franklin & D. M. Nicol - 1986 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 106:269-270.
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  23.  52
    Editor's Introduction: D. M. Walsh.D. M. Walsh - 2001 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 49:1-21.
    The papers collected in this volume are the proceedings of the 1999 Royal Institute of Philosophy conference: the theme of the conference, the same as the title of this collection, Naturalism, Evolution and Mind. The essays collected here cover a wide array of disparate themes in philosophy, psychology, evolutionary biology and the philosophy of science. They range in subject matter from the mind/body problem and the nature of philosophical naturalism, to the naturalization of psychological norms to the naturalization of phenomenal (...)
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  24.  60
    Spartan Law D. M. MacDowell: Spartan Law. (Scottish Classical Studies, 1.) Pp. Xiii+182. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1986. £12.50. [REVIEW]D. M. Lewis - 1987 - The Classical Review 37 (02):231-232.
  25.  20
    The Impact of Budget Goal Difficulty and Promotion Availability on Employee Fraud.Shana M. Clor-Proell, Steven E. Kaplan & Chad A. Proell - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 131 (4):773-790.
    The purpose of this research is to examine the effect of two organizational variables, budget goal difficulty and promotion availability, on employee fraud. Limited research shows that difficult, specific goals result in more unethical behavior than general goals :422–432, 2004). We predict that goal difficulty and promotion availability will interact to affect employee fraud. Specifically, we contend that the availability of promotions will have little, if any, effect on employee fraud under easy goals but have a substantial effect on fraud (...)
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  26. Precis Of.D. M. Wegner - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27.
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  27. David M. Kaplan, Ed., Readings in the Philosophy of Technology; Judith Wajcman, Technofeminism.M. Stern - forthcoming - Radical Philosophy.
     
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  28.  92
    Dispositions: A Debate.D. M. Armstrong - 1996 - Routledge.
    Dispositions are essential to our understanding of the world. IDispositions: A Debate is an extended dialogue between three distinguished philosophers - D.M. Armstrong, C.B. Martin and U.T. Place - on the many problems associated with dispositions, which reveals their own distinctive accounts of the nature of dispositions. These are then linked to other issues such as the nature of mind, matter, universals, existence, laws of nature and causation.
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  29.  35
    Excavations at Olynthus. Part VIII: The Hellenic House. By D. M. Robinson and J. W. Graham. Pp. Xxi + 370; 110 Pl. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press , 1938. £3 7s. 6d. [REVIEW]D. S. Robertson, D. M. Robinson & J. W. Graham - 1939 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 59 (1):146-147.
  30.  38
    The Effects of Management’s Preannouncement Strategies on Investors’ Judgments of the Trustworthiness of Management.Anna M. Cianci & S. Kaplan - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 79 (4):423-444.
    This paper examines the role of management's earnings preannouncements on judgments about its trustworthiness by nonprofessional investors. We predict that management's preannouncement decision and the resulting direction of the earnings surprise influence investors' ethical judgments about management's trustworthiness; these judgments, in turn, are associated with investors' other investment related judgments. We test our predictions in an experiment in which MBA students make investment-related judgments under four different preannouncement strategies. Consistent with our predictions, the results of our study show that managers' (...)
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  31.  27
    The Paṭiccasamuppāda: A Developed Formula: D. M. WILLIAMS.D. M. Williams - 1978 - Religious Studies 14 (1):35-56.
    The purpose of this article should become plain during the reading of it, but perhaps some prior explanation is needed. Almost from the beginning of my study of the paṭiccasamuppāda I have had the notion that it could not have come into existence in the form the usual twelvefold formulation takes. For reasons which I try to make clear this twelvefold formulation is not a satisfactory statement of what it is supposed to explain, namely the reasons for each individual's continued (...)
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  32.  7
    Complexity and the Function of Mind in Nature.D. M. Walsh - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (4):613-617.
  33.  31
    Language of Politics: Studies in Quantitative Semantics.Harold D. Lasswell - 1965 - Cambridge: Mass., M.I.T. Pr..
    Introduction: The language of power, by H. D. Lasswell. Style in the language of politics, by H. D. Lasswell. Why be quantitative? By H. D. Lasswell.--Technique: The problem of validating content analysis, by I. L. Janis. The reliability of content analysis categories, by Abraham Kaplan and J. M. Goldsen. Recording and context units, four ways of coding editorial content, by Alan Grey, David Kaplan and H. D. Lasswell. The feasibility of the use of samples in content analysis, by (...)
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  34. Fitness and Function.D. M. Walsh - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (4):553-574.
    According to historical theories of biological function, a trait's function is determined by natural selection in the past. I argue that, in addition to historical functions, ahistorical functions ought to be recognized. I propose a theory of biological function which accommodates both. The function of a trait is the way it contributes to fitness and fitness can only be determined relative to a selective regime. Therefore, the function of a trait can only be specified relative to a selective regime. Apart (...)
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  35.  62
    Mind-Like Behaviour in Artefacts.D. M. Mackay - 1953 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 3 (12):352-353.
  36.  14
    Mordecai M. Kaplan and Process Theology: Metaphysical and Pragmatic Perspectives.William E. Kaufman - 1991 - Process Studies 20 (4):192-199.
  37. In Defence of Structural Universals.D. M. Armstrong - 1986 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (1):85 – 88.
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  38.  9
    The Logic of Perfection and Other Essays in Neo-Classical Metaphysics.D. M. Tulloch - 1964 - Philosophical Quarterly 14 (56):275.
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  39.  15
    Benjamin Kidd: Portrait of a Social Darwinist : D.P. Crook , Ix + 460 Pp., £30.00. [REVIEW]D. M. Cregier - 1986 - History of European Ideas 7 (5):534-535.
  40.  36
    G. Lee : Propertius, The Poems. Translated with Notes. With an Introduction by R. O. A. M. Lyne. Pp. Xxv+205. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994. Cloth, £27.50. [REVIEW]D. M. Hooley - 1995 - The Classical Review 45 (2):444-445.
  41.  57
    Variance, Invariance and Statistical Explanation.D. M. Walsh - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (S3):469-489.
    The most compelling extant accounts of explanation casts all explanations as causal. Yet there are sciences, theoretical population biology in particular, that explain their phenomena by appeal to statistical, non-causal properties of ensembles. I develop a generalised account of explanation. An explanation serves two functions: metaphysical and cognitive. The metaphysical function is discharged by identifying a counterfactually robust invariance relation between explanans event and explanandum. The cognitive function is discharged by providing an appropriate description of this relation. I offer examples (...)
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  42. Meaning and Communication.D. M. Armstrong - 1971 - Philosophical Review 80 (4):427-447.
  43. Many-Dimensional Modal Logics: Theory and Applications.D. M. Gabbay, A. Kurucz, F. Wolter & M. Zakharyaschev - 2005 - Studia Logica 81 (1):147-150.
     
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  44. Aristotle’s Biology Was Not Essentialist.D. M. Balme - 1980 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 62 (1):1-12.
  45.  74
    Organisms as Natural Purposes: The Contemporary Evolutionary Perspective.D. M. Walsh - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (4):771-791.
    I argue that recent advances in developmental biology demonstrate the inadequacy of suborganismal mechanism. The category of the organism, construed as a ’natural purpose’ should play an ineliminable role in explaining ontogenetic development and adaptive evolution. According to Kant the natural purposiveness of organisms cannot be demonstrated to be an objective principle in nature, nor can purposiveness figure in genuine explain. I attempt to argue, by appeal to recent work on self-organization, that the purposiveness of organisms is a natural phenomenon (...)
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  46.  20
    Systematic Theology.D. M. MacKinnon & Paul Tillich - 1952 - Philosophical Quarterly 2 (9):381.
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  47.  9
    Donald M. Kaplan. Some Completeness Results in the Mathematical Theory of Computation. Journal of the Association for Computing Machinery, Vol. 15 , Pp. 124–134. [REVIEW]Richard J. Orgass - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (2):246-247.
  48.  24
    Excavations at Olynthus Xii: Domestic and Public Architecture. D. M. Robinson. Pp. Xxx + 519; Pl. 272 + 12 Text Figs. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1946. 200s. [REVIEW]R. E. Wycherley & D. M. Robinson - 1946 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 66:134-135.
  49. Verifiability.D. M. Mackinnon, F. Waismann & W. C. Kneale - 1945 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 19:101-164.
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  50. Classes Are States of Affairs.D. M. Armstrong - 1991 - Mind 100 (2):189-200.
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