Results for 'D. S. Wendler'

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  1.  14
    Assent in Paediatric Research: Theoretical and Practical Considerations.D. S. Wendler - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (4):229-234.
    Guidelines around the world require children to provide assent for their participation in most research studies. Yet, little further guidance is provided on how review committees should implement this requirement, including which children are capable of providing assent and when the requirement for assent may be waived on the grounds that the research offers participating children the potential for important clinical benefit. The present paper argues that the assent requirement is supported by the importance of allowing children who are capable (...)
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  2.  28
    Are Physicians Obligated Always to Act in the Patient's Best Interests?D. Wendler - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (2):66-70.
    The principle that physicians should always act in the best interests of the present patient is widely endorsed. At the same time, and often within the same document, it is recognised that there are appropriate exceptions to this principle. Unfortunately, little, if any, guidance is provided regarding which exceptions are appropriate and how they should be handled. These circumstances might be tenable if the appropriate exceptions were rare. Yet, evaluation of the literature reveals that there are numerous exceptions, several of (...)
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  3.  16
    Giannini A, Pessina A, Tacchi EM. End.S. Shah, A. Whittle, B. Wilfond, G. Gensler & D. Wendler - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13:427-429.
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  4.  29
    Use of a Patient Preference Predictor to Help Make Medical Decisions for Incapacitated Patients.A. Rid & D. Wendler - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (2):104-129.
    The standard approach to treatment decision making for incapacitated patients often fails to provide treatment consistent with the patient’s preferences and values and places significant stress on surrogate decision makers. These shortcomings provide compelling reason to search for methods to improve current practice. Shared decision making between surrogates and clinicians has important advantages, but it does not provide a way to determine patients’ treatment preferences. Hence, shared decision making leaves families with the stressful challenge of identifying the patient’s preferred treatment (...)
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  5.  15
    Reflections on the Patient Preference Predictor Proposal.D. W. Brock - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (2):153-160.
    There are substantial data establishing that surrogates are often mistaken in predicting what treatments incompetent patients would have wanted and that supplements such as advance directives have not resulted in significant improvements. Rid and Wendler’s Patient Preference Predictor (PPP) proposal will attempt to gather data about what similar patients would prefer in a variety of treatment choices. It accepts the usual goal of patient autonomy and the Substituted Judgment principle for surrogate decisions. I provide reasons for questioning sole reliance (...)
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  6. Powers and Faden's Concept of Self-Determination and What It Means to 'Achieve' Well-Being in Their Theory of Social Justice.D. S. Silva - 2013 - Public Health Ethics 6 (1):35-44.
    Powers and Faden argue that social justice ‘is concerned with securing and maintaining the social conditions necessary for a sufficient level of well-being in all of its essential dimensions for everyone’ (2006: 50). Moreover, social justice is concerned with the ‘achievement of well-being, not the freedom or capability to achieve well-being’ (p. 40). Although Powers and Faden note that an agent alone cannot achieve well-being without the necessary social conditions of life (e.g. equal civil liberties and basic material resources, such (...)
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  7.  50
    Broad Consent for Research With Biological Samples: Workshop Conclusions.Christine Grady, Lisa Eckstein, Ben Berkman, Dan Brock, Robert Cook-Deegan, Stephanie M. Fullerton, Hank Greely, Mats G. Hansson, Sara Hull, Scott Kim, Bernie Lo, Rebecca Pentz, Laura Rodriguez, Carol Weil, Benjamin S. Wilfond & David Wendler - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):34-42.
    Different types of consent are used to obtain human biospecimens for future research. This variation has resulted in confusion regarding what research is permitted, inadvertent constraints on future research, and research proceeding without consent. The National Institutes of Health Clinical Center's Department of Bioethics held a workshop to consider the ethical acceptability of addressing these concerns by using broad consent for future research on stored biospecimens. Multiple bioethics scholars, who have written on these issues, discussed the reasons for consent, the (...)
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  8.  24
    A Handbook of Greek and Roman Architecture. Second Edition. By D. S. Robertson. Pp. Xxvi + 407; Pl. 24 + 135 Text Figs. Cambridge University Press, 1943. 31s. 6d. [REVIEW]H. Bagenal & D. S. Robertson - 1944 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 64:113-113.
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  9.  9
    Papyri Michaelidae. Being a Catalogue of the Greek and Latin Papyri, Tablets and Ostraca in the Library of Mr. G. A. Michailidis of Cairo. Edited with Translations and Notes by D. S. Crawford. Aberdeen: University Press, for Egypt Exploration Society, 1955. Pp. Xiii + 166, with 4 Plates. 52s. 6d. [REVIEW]John Barns & D. S. Crawford - 1957 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 77 (2):345-345.
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  10.  70
    Social Justice, Health Inequalities and Methodological Individualism in US Health Promotion.D. S. Goldberg - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (2):104-115.
    This article asserts that traditionally dominant models of health promotion in the US are fairly characterized by methodological individualism. This schema produces a focus on the individual as the node of intervention. Such emphasis results in a number of scientific and ethical problems. I identify three principal ethical deficiencies: first, the health promotions used are generally ineffective, which violates canons of distributive justice because scarce health resources are expended on interventions that are unlikely to produce health benefits. Second, the health (...)
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  11.  77
    Mipam’s Middle Way Through Yogācāra and Prāsaṅgika.D. S. Duckworth - 2010 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 38 (4):431-439.
    In Tibet, the negative dialectics of Madhyamaka are typically identified with Candrakīrti’s interpretation of Nāgārjuna, and systematic epistemology is associated with Dharmakīrti. These two figures are also held to be authoritative commentators on a univocal doctrine of Buddhism. Despite Candrakīrti’s explicit criticism of Buddhist epistemologists in his Prasannapadā, Buddhists in Tibet have integrated the theories of Candrakīrti and Dharmakīrti in unique ways. Within this integration, there is a tension between the epistemological system-building on the one hand, and “deconstructive” negative dialectics (...)
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  12.  47
    Varieties of Constructive Mathematics.D. S. Bridges - 1987 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is an introduction to, and survey of, the constructive approaches to pure mathematics. The authors emphasise the viewpoint of Errett Bishop's school, but intuitionism. Russian constructivism and recursive analysis are also treated, with comparisons between the various approaches included where appropriate. Constructive mathematics is now enjoying a revival, with interest from not only logicans but also category theorists, recursive function theorists and theoretical computer scientists. This account for non-specialists in these and other disciplines.
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  13.  24
    Pragmatism’s Instrumental View of Moral Reasoning.D. S. Clark - 2002 - Essays in Philosophy 3 (2):13.
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  14.  17
    Plato's Earlier Dialectic. [REVIEW]D. S. M. - 1942 - Journal of Philosophy 39 (13):359.
  15.  87
    Graph Structuralism and its Discontents: Rejoinder to Shackel.D. S. Oderberg - 2012 - Analysis 72 (1):94-98.
    Nicholas Shackel (2011) has proposed a number of arguments to save the Dipert–Bird model of physical reality from the sorts of unpalatable consequence I identified in Oderberg 2011. Some consequences, he thinks, are only apparent; others are real but palatable. In neither case does he seem to me to have deflected the concerns I raised, leaving graph structuralism on Dipert–Bird lines as problematic as ever.
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  16.  82
    Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis and the 'New' Eugenics.D. S. King - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (2):176-182.
    Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PID) is often seen as an improvement upon prenatal testing. I argue that PID may exacerbate the eugenic features of prenatal testing and make possible an expanded form of free-market eugenics. The current practice of prenatal testing is eugenic in that its aim is to reduce the numbers of people with genetic disorders. Due to social pressures and eugenic attitudes held by clinical geneticists in most countries, it results in eugenic outcomes even though no state coercion is (...)
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  17.  25
    Plato's Method of Dialectic.D. S. Mackay - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (1):15-21.
  18. Broz, S.(2004) Good People in an Evil Time: Portraits of Complicity and Resistance in the Bosnian War (New York: Other Press). Dorling, D.(2005) Human Geography of the UK (London: Sage Publications). Hall, CM & Page, SJ (2002) The Geography of Tourism and Recreation: Environment, Place and Space (2nd Edn.)(New York: Routledge). [REVIEW]P. Hubbard, R. Kitchin, G. Valentine, A. Leyshon, R. Lee, C. C. Williams, D. S. Madison, T. Mizuuchi, M. K. Nelson & K. R. Olwig - 2005 - Ethics, Place and Environment 8 (3):393.
     
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  19. Isabella d'Este and the Travel Diary of Antonio de Beatis.D. S. Chambers - 2001 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 64:296-308.
  20. D.S. Hutchinson, The Virtues Of Aristotle. [REVIEW]D. Modrak - 1988 - Philosophy in Review 8:53-56.
     
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  21. The Method and Message of Jewish Apocalyptic, 200 B.C–100 A.D.D. S. Russell & G. Ernest Wright - 1964
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  22. On the Order of Plato's Writings.D. S. Mackay - 1928 - Journal of Philosophy 25 (1):5-18.
  23.  22
    Meno. [REVIEW]S. M. D. - 1950 - Journal of Philosophy 47 (19):555-556.
  24.  77
    The Virtues of Aristotle.D. S. Hutchinson - 1986 - Published by Routledge & Kegan Paul in Association with Methuen.
    Introduction What is the point of studying Aristotle's theory of moral virtue? In the first place, many interesting questions are raised, in metaphysics, ...
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  25.  56
    Spectacles of Truth in Classical Greek Philosophy: Theoria in Its Cultural Context.D. S. Hutchinson - 2004 - Philosophical Review 116 (3):482-485.
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  26.  24
    Adolescent Research Participants' Descriptions of Medical Research.Christine Grady, Isabella Nogues, Lori Wiener, Benjamin S. Wilfond & David Wendler - 2016 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 7 (1):1-7.
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  27. Bayesian Alternatives for Common Null-Hypothesis Significance Tests in Psychiatry: A Non-Technical Guide Using JASP.D. S. Quintana & D. R. Williams - 2018 - BMC Psychiatry 18:178-185.
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  28.  37
    Plato's Theory of Ethics. The Moral Criterion and the Highest Good. [REVIEW]D. S. Mackay - 1931 - Journal of Philosophy 28 (6):151-154.
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  29. The Virtues of Aristotle.D. S. Hutchinson - 1986 - Routledge.
    Originally published in 1986. Both moral philosophers and philosophical psychologists need to answer the question ‘what is a virtue?’ and the best answer so far give is that of Aristotle. This book is a rigorous exposition of that answer. The elements of Aristotle’s doctrine of virtue are scattered throughout his writings; this book reconstructs his complex and comprehensive doctrine in one place. It also covers Aristotle’s views about choice, character, emotions and the role of pleasure and pain in virtue. The (...)
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  30.  81
    Panpsychism and the Religious Attitude.D. S. Clarke - 2003 - State University of New York Press.
    In this bold, challenging book, D. S. Clarke outlines reasons for accepting panpsychism and defends the doctrine against its critics.
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  31.  29
    Plato's Theory of Man. An Introduction to the Realistic Philosophy of Culture.D. S. Mackay - 1946 - Journal of Philosophy 43 (25):688-697.
  32.  21
    Budge's Pseudo-Callisthenes. [REVIEW]D. S. Margoliouth - 1890 - The Classical Review 4 (6):259-261.
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  33.  29
    Halbertsma's Adversaria Critica. [REVIEW]D. S. Margoliouth - 1896 - The Classical Review 10 (4):211-212.
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  34.  51
    Pindar's Odes of Victory Πινδρου Πινκια: Pindar's Odes of Victory. The Olympian and Pythian Odes, with an Introduction and a Translation Into English Verse by C. J. Billson: Embellished with Wood-Engravings by John Farleigh. Pp. Xxii + 297. Oxford: Blackwell, 1928. £3 13s. 6d. [REVIEW]D. S. Robertson - 1929 - The Classical Review 43 (5):174-175.
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  35.  24
    Gehring's Index Homericus Index Homericus. Composuit Augustus Gehring. Teubner (Leipsic), 1891. 876 Columns (438 Pages), Lexicon Octavo. 16 Mk. [REVIEW]D. S. T. - 1892 - The Classical Review 6 (1-2):14-.
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  36.  34
    Menander's Epitrepontes. [REVIEW]D. S. Robertson - 1925 - The Classical Review 39 (7-8):188-189.
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  37.  20
    Plato’s Socratic Dialogues. [REVIEW]D. S. Hutchinson - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (2):428-429.
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  38. The Antidosis of Isocrates and Aristotle's Protrepticus.D. S. Hutchinson & Monte Ransome Johnson - manuscript
    Isocrates' Antidosis ("Defense against the Exchange") and Aristotle's Protrepticus ("Exhortation to Philosophy") were recovered from oblivion in the late nineteenth century. In this article we demonstrate that the two texts happen to be directly related. Aristotle's Protrepticus was a response, on behalf of the Academy, to Isocrates' criticism of the Academy and its theoretical preoccupations. -/- Contents: I. Introduction: Protrepticus, text and context II. Authentication of the Protrepticus of Aristotle III. Isocrates and philosophy in Athens in the 4th century IV. (...)
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  39.  25
    Pindar's Pythian Odes. [REVIEW]D. S. Robertson - 1928 - The Classical Review 42 (5):177-178.
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  40. Hocking's Political Philosophy.D. S. Robinson - 1947 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 28 (2):147.
     
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  41.  29
    Πινδάρον Ἐπινίκια: Pindar's Odes of Victory. The Nemean and Isthmian Odes, with an Introduction and a Translation Into English Verse by C. J. Billson; Embellished with Wood Engravings by John Farleigh. Pp. Xxii + 193, Oxford: Black Well, 1930. £3 13s. 6d. [REVIEW]D. S. Robertson - 1930 - The Classical Review 44 (05):197-.
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  42. Wittgenstein's Tractatus a Historical and Critical Commentary.D. S. Shwayder - 1954
     
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  43.  12
    Plato's Law of Slavery in its Relation to Greek Law. [REVIEW]D. S. M. & Glenn R. Morrow - 1940 - Journal of Philosophy 37 (18):499.
  44.  28
    Plato, Symposium 195 D, E.D. S. Robertson - 1958 - The Classical Review 8 (3-4):221-.
  45.  5
    D. S. Robinson's "The Story of Scottish Philosophy".D. Luther Evans - 1962 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 22 (4):595.
  46.  40
    The Illegitimacy of Gettier Examples.D. S. G. Schreiber - 1987 - Metaphilosophy 18 (1):49–54.
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  47.  38
    Farnell's Pindar The Works of Pindar Translated, with Literary and Critical Commentaries. By Lewis Richard Farnell. Vol. I. Translation in Rhythmical Prose with Literary Comments. Pp. Xii + 383; 12 Illustrations. London: Macmillan, 1930. 18s. [REVIEW]D. S. Robertson - 1931 - The Classical Review 45 (04):136-137.
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  48.  39
    The Manuscripts of Cicero's De Oratore: E is a Descendant of A.D. S. A. Renting - 1996 - Classical Quarterly 46 (01):183-.
    The manuscripts of Cicero's De oratore divide into two families: mutili and integri. The oldest representatives of the mutilated family are Avranches 238 , Erlangen 380 , and London, Harley 2736 . A and H are independent of each other, and the best witnesses to the text of the lost archetype . E too is considered to be an independent witness. Since the work of E. Ströbel, dating from the early eighties of the last century, the view has been generally (...)
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  49.  52
    Clinical Ethicists' Perspectives on Organisational Ethics in Healthcare Organisations.D. S. Silva, J. L. Gibson, R. Sibbald, E. Connolly & P. A. Singer - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (5):320-323.
    Background: Demand for organisational ethics capacity is growing in health organisations, particularly among managers. The role of clinical ethicists in, and perspective on, organisational ethics has not been well described or documented in the literature. Objective: To describe clinical ethicists’ perspectives on organisational ethics issues in their hospitals, their institutional role in relation to organisational ethics, and their perceived effectiveness in helping to address organisational ethics issues. Design and Setting: Qualitative case study involving semi-structured interviews with 18 clinical ethicists across (...)
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  50.  2
    Lodge's Plato's Theory of Ethics.D. S. Mackay - 1931 - Journal of Philosophy 28:151.
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