Results for 'David Gibbs'

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  1.  90
    Advance Euthanasia Directives: A Controversial Case and its Ethical Implications.David Gibbes Miller, Rebecca Dresser & Scott Y. H. Kim - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (2):84-89.
    Authorising euthanasia and assisted suicide with advance euthanasia directives is permitted, yet debated, in the Netherlands. We focus on a recent controversial case in which a Dutch woman with Alzheimer’s disease was euthanised based on her AED. A Dutch euthanasia review committee found that the physician performing the euthanasia failed to follow due care requirements for euthanasia and assisted suicide. This case is notable because it is the first case to trigger a criminal investigation since the 2002 Dutch euthanasia law (...)
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  2.  9
    Beyond Open Communication: A Call for Partnership Between Clinical Ethics and Research Ethics Committees.Christine Grady, David Gibbes Miller & Hae Lin Cho - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (1):52-54.
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  3.  6
    Understanding People’s ‘Unrealistic Optimism’ About Clinical Research Participation.Hae Lin Cho, David Gibbes Miller & Scott Y. H. Kim - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (3):172-177.
    BackgroundResearchers worry that patients in early-phase research experience unrealistic optimism about benefits and risks of participation. The standard measure of unrealistic optimism is the Comparative Risk/Benefit Assessment questionnaire, which asks people to estimate their chances of an outcome relative to others in similar situations. Such a comparative framework may not be a natural way for research participants to think about their chances.ObjectiveTo examine how people interpret questions measuring unrealistic optimism and how their interpretations are associated with their responses.MethodsUsing an early-phase (...)
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  4.  27
    Response To: ‘Dementia and Advance Directives: Some Empirical and Normative Concerns’ by Jongsma Et Al.Scott Y. H. Kim, David Gibbes Miller & Rebecca Dresser - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (2):95-96.
    We are grateful to Jongsma et al 1 for their interest in our article analysing the case of ‘Mrs A’, a Dutch woman with Alzheimer’s disease who received euthanasia based on her advance euthanasia directive.2 Their commentary criticises two elements of our analysis. First, the authors believe our reasons for doubting that Mrs A had the capacity to write and revise an AED rely on ‘partial’ empirical data and rest on normative errors. Second, they use two of our statements to (...)
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  5.  42
    The Case of Terri Schiavo: Ethics at the End of Life, Edited by Arthur L. Caplan, James J. McCartney, and Dominic A. Sisti and Fighting for Dear Life: The Untold Story of Terri Schiavo and What It Means for All of Us, by David Gibbs with Bob DeMoss. [REVIEW]William E. May - 2007 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 7 (1):197-202.
  6. Boltzmann, Gibbs, and the Concept of Equilibrium.David A. Lavis - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (5):682-696.
    The Boltzmann and Gibbs approaches to statistical mechanics have very different definitions of equilibrium and entropy. The problems associated with this are discussed and it is suggested that they can be resolved, to produce a version of statistical mechanics incorporating both approaches, by redefining equilibrium not as a binary property but as a continuous property measured by the Boltzmann entropy and by introducing the idea of thermodynamic-like behaviour for the Boltzmann entropy. The Kac ring model is used as an (...)
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  7.  82
    Why Gibbs Phase Averages Work—The Role of Ergodic Theory.David B. Malament & Sandy L. Zabell - 1980 - Philosophy of Science 47 (3):339-349.
    We propose an "explanation scheme" for why the Gibbs phase average technique in classical equilibrium statistical mechanics works. Our account emphasizes the importance of the Khinchin-Lanford dispersion theorems. We suggest that ergodicity does play a role, but not the one usually assigned to it.
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  8. Researching Parapolitics: Replication, Qualitative Research, and Social Science Methodology.David N. Gibbs - 2013 - In Eric Michael Wilson (ed.), The Dual State: Parapolitics, Carl Schmitt and the National Security Complex. Ashgate.
  9. Virtue and Reason.Benjamin Gibbs & David Pole - 1974 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 48:23-62.
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  10.  20
    Virtue and Reason.Benjamin Gibbs & David Pole - 1974 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 48 (1):23 - 62.
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  11.  9
    Islamic Astronomical Instruments. David A. King.Sharon Gibbs Thibodeau - 1990 - Isis 81 (1):101-102.
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  12.  6
    Planispheric Astrolabes From the National Museum of American History by Sharon Gibbs; George Saliba. [REVIEW]David King - 1986 - Isis 77:711-713.
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  13.  4
    Planispheric Astrolabes From the National Museum of American History. Sharon Gibbs, George Saliba.David A. King - 1986 - Isis 77 (4):711-713.
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  14.  23
    Choosing and Rejecting Cattle and Sheep: Changing Discourses and Practices of (de)Selection in Pedigree Livestock Breeding. [REVIEW]Lewis Holloway, Carol Morris, Ben Gilna & David Gibbs - 2011 - Agriculture and Human Values 28 (4):533-547.
    This paper examines the discourses and practices of pedigree livestock breeding, focusing on beef cattle and sheep in the UK, concentrating on an under-examined aspect of this—the deselection and rejection of some animals from future breeding populations. In the context of exploring how animals are valued and represented in different ways in relation to particular agricultural knowledge-practices, it focuses on deselecting particular animals from breeding populations, drawing attention to shifts in such knowledge-practices related to the emergence of “genetic” techniques in (...)
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  15.  55
    Malament and Zabell on Gibbs Phase Averaging.Stephen Leeds - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (2):325-340.
    In their paper "Why Gibbs Phase Averages Work--The Role of Ergodic Theory" (1980), David Malament and Sandy Zabell attempt to explain why phase averaging over the microcanonical ensemble gives correct predictions for the values of thermodynamic observables, for an ergodic system at equilibrium. Their idea is to bypass the traditional use of limit theorems, by relying on a uniqueness result about the microcanonical measure--namely, that it is uniquely stationary translation-continuous. I argue that their explanation begs questions about the (...)
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  16.  58
    The Discussion About Proposals to Change the Western Culture Program at Stanford University.Donald Kennedy, John Perky, Carolyn Lougee, Marsh McCall, Paul Robinson, James Gibb, Clara N. Bush, Judith Brown, George Dekker, Bill King, William Chace, Carlos Camargo, J. Martin Evans, Ronald Rebholz, Carl Degler, Barbara Gelpi, Renato Rosaldo, William Mahrt, Halsey Rayden, Herbert Lindenberger, Albert Gelpi, Gregson Davis, Diane Middlebrook, David Kennedy, Dennis Phillips, Harry Papasotiriou, Martin Evans, Ron Rebholz, Bill Chace, Jim van HarveySneehan & David Riggs - 1989 - Minerva 27 (2):223-411.
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  17.  11
    JME Referees in 1994.Henry Alexander, Michael Bond, Muriel Bebeau, Brenda Jo Bredemeier, Eamonn Callan, Mark Cladis, Jerrold Coombs, Dov Darom, John Gibbs & David Gooderham - 1995 - Journal of Moral Education 24 (2):209.
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  18. Closure Principles and the Laws of Conservation of Energy and Momentum.Sophie Gibb - 2010 - Dialectica 64 (3):363-384.
    The conservation laws do not establish the central premise within the argument from causal overdetermination – the causal completeness of the physical domain. Contrary to David Papineau, this is true even if there is no non-physical energy. The combination of the conservation laws with the claim that there is no non-physical energy would establish the causal completeness principle only if, at the very least, two further causal claims were accepted. First, the claim that the only way that something non-physical (...)
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  19.  75
    A Defense of Hume's Dictum.Cameron Gibbs - 2019 - Dissertation, University of Massachusetts Amherst
    Is the world internally connected by a web of necessary connections or is everything loose and independent? Followers of David Hume accept the latter by upholding Hume’s Dictum, according to which there are no necessary connections between distinct existences. Roughly put, anything can coexist with anything else, and anything can fail to coexist with anything else. Hume put it like this: “There is no object which implies the existence of any other if we consider these objects in themselves.” Since (...)
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  20.  97
    The Mind in Nature • by C. B. Martin. [REVIEW]Sophie Gibb - 2009 - Analysis 69 (2):386-388.
    The Mind in Nature has two central aims. First, that of defending a ‘basic ontology’. Second, having advanced a plausible ontological framework, to appeal to it to cast light on the status of intentionality and the nature of consciousness, paying particular attention to the question of what distinguishes conscious systems from those that are vegetative.Central to Martin's basic ontology is his acceptance of a realist conception of dispositionality. Contrary to the view of David Lewis and others, talk about a (...)
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  21.  27
    The Question of Negative Temperatures in Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics.David A. Lavis - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 67:26-63.
    We show that both positive and negative absolute temperatures and monotonically increasing and decreasing entropy in adiabatic processes are consistent with Carathéodory's version of the second law and we explore the modifications of the Kelvin–Planck and Clausius versions which are needed to accommodate these possibilities. We show, in part by using the equivalence of distributions and the canonical distribution, that the correct microcanonical entropy, is the surface (Boltzmann) form rather than the bulk (Gibbs) form thereby providing for the possibility (...)
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  22.  36
    Substance Causation, Powers, and Human Agency.E. J. Lowe - 2013 - In S. C. Gibb, E. J. Lowe & R. D. Ingthorsson (eds.), Mental Causation and Ontology. Oxford Up. pp. 153--172.
    Introduction , Sophie Gibb 1. Mental Causation , John Heil 2. Physical Realization without Preemption , Sydney Shoemaker 3. Mental Causation in the Physical World , Peter Menzies 4. Mental Causation: Ontology and Patterns of Variation , Paul Noordhof 5. Causation is Macroscopic but not Irreducible , David Papineau 6. Substance Causation, Powers, and Human Agency , E. J. Lowe 7. Agent Causation in a Neo-Aristotelian Metaphysics , Jonathan D. Jacobs and Timothy O’Connor 8. Mental Causation and Double Prevention (...)
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  23. Authority and Coercion.Arthur Ripstein - 2004 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (1):2-35.
    I am grateful to Donald Ainslie, Lisa Austin, Michael Blake, Abraham Drassinower, David Dyzenhaus, George Fletcher, Robert Gibbs, Louis-Philippe Hodgson, Sari Kisilevsky, Dennis Klimchuk, Christopher Morris, Scott Shapiro, Horacio Spector, Sergio Tenenbaum, Malcolm Thorburn, Ernest Weinrib, Karen Weisman, and the Editors of Philosophy & Public Affairs for comments, and audiences in the UCLA Philosophy Department and Columbia Law School for their questions.
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  24. Religion, Secularism, and Political Belonging.Leerom Medovoi & Elizabeth Bentley (eds.) - 2021 - Duke University Press.
    Working in four scholarly teams focused on different global regions—North America, the European Union, the Middle East, and China—the contributors to _Religion, Secularism, and Political Belonging_ examine how new political worlds intersect with locally specific articulations of religion and secularism. The chapters address many topics, including the changing relationship between Islam and politics in Tunisia after the 2010 revolution, the influence of religion on the sharp turn to the political right in Western Europe, understandings of Confucianism as a form of (...)
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  25.  13
    Edwin Bidwell Wilson and Mathematics as a Language.Juan Carvajalino - 2018 - Isis 109 (3):494-514.
    The economist Paul Samuelson acknowledged that he was a disciple of Edwin Bidwell Wilson (1879–1964), an American polymath who was a protégé of Josiah Willard Gibbs. Wilson’s influence on the development of sciences in America has been relatively neglected, as he mostly acted behind the scenes of academia at the organizational and pedagogical fronts. At the basis of his activism were original ideas about the foundations of mathematics and science. This essay reconstructs Wilson’s career and foundational discussions, which evolved (...)
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  26.  1
    The Philosophical Works of David Hume Including All the Essays, and Exhibiting the More Important Alterations and Corrections in the Successive Editions Published by the Author.David Hume - 1826 - Black & Tait.
    This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps, and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may (...)
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  27. Kinor David Kamah Me- Ikre Mishnato Shel... Rabi David Kohen Zatsal : Melukatim Mi-Tokh Sifro Ha-Gadol "Kol-Ha-Nevu Ah--Ha-Higayon Ha- Ivri Ha-Shim I".David Cohen, Zvi Grundman & She Ar-Yashuv Kohen - 1993 - Nezer-David.
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  28.  6
    David Hume: Common-Sense Moralist, Sceptical Metaphysician.David Fate Norton - 1982 - Princeton University Press.
    The Description for this book, David Hume: Common-Sense Moralist, Sceptical Metaphysician, will be forthcoming.
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  29.  8
    The Letters of David Hume: Volume 1.David Hume & J. Y. T. Greig (eds.) - 1932 - Clarendon Press.
    This classic edition presents the correspondence of one of the great thinkers of the 18th century, and offers a rich picture of the man and his age. This first volume contains David Hume's letters from 1727 to 1765. Hume's correspondents include such famous public figures as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Adam Smith, James Boswell, and Benjamin Franklin.
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  30. David Hume, Contractarian.David Gauthier - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (1):3-38.
  31.  2
    Claudia Rozas Gómez, Paul Gibbs and Petra Mikulan on Peter Roberts and Herner Saeverot’s Education and the Limits of Reason: Reading Dostoevsky, Tolstoy and Nabokov, with a Response From the Authors: Roberts, P., & Saeverot, H. (2018). Education and the Limits of Reason: Reading Dostoevsky, Tolstoy and Nabokov. Routledge. [REVIEW]Petra Mikulan, Claudia Alejandra Rozas Gomez & Paul Gibbs - 2022 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 54 (7):1050-1060.
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  32.  5
    The Philosophical Works of David Hume.David Hume - 1854 - Palala Press.
    This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps, and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may (...)
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  33. David Hume on God: Selected Works Newly Adapted for the Modern Reader.David W. Purdie, Peter S. Fosl & David Hume (eds.) - 2019 - Edinburgh: Luath Press.
    David Hume's writings on history, politics and philosophy have shaped thought to this day. His bold scepticism ranged from common notions of the 'self' to criticism of standard theistic proofs. He insisted on grounding understandings of popular religious beliefs in human psychology rather than divine revelation, and he aimed to disentangle philosophy from religion in order to allow the former to pursue its own ends. In this book, Professors David W Purdie and Peter S Fosl decipher some of (...)
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  34.  35
    Book Review: Janet L. Dolgin. Families: Law, Gender and Difference and Defining the Family: Law, Technology, and Reproduction in an Uneasy Age. By New York: New York University Press, 1997. And David M. Estlund and Martha C. Nussbaum. Sex, Preference, and Family: Essays in Law and Nature. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. [REVIEW]David M. Adams - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (3):254-256.
  35.  29
    The Gibbs Paradox and the Distinguishability of Identical Particles.Marijn A. M. Versteegh & Dennis Dieks - unknown
    Classical particles of the same kind are distinguishable: they can be labeled by their positions and follow different trajectories. This distinguishability affects the number of ways W a macrostate can be realized on the micro-level, and via S=k ln W this leads to a non-extensive expression for the entropy. This result is generally considered wrong because of its inconsistency with thermodynamics. It is sometimes concluded from this inconsistency, notoriously illustrated by the Gibbs paradox, that identical particles must be treated (...)
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  36.  37
    Lewis, David: Nuevo Trabajo para una Teoría de los Universales [Translation] - Parte I.David Lewis & Diego Morales - 2015 - Ideas Y Valores 64 (157):251-267.
    First part of the translation into Spanish of David Lewis' "New Work for a Theory of Universals", corresponding to the introduction and the first two sections of the original paper. || Primera parte de la traducción al español del trabajo de David Lewis "New Work for a Theory of Universals", correspondiente a la introducción y las dos primeras secciones del artículo original. Artículo original publicado en: Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 61, No. 4, Dec. 1983, pp. 343-377.
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  37. GAUTHIER, DAVID P.: "Practical Reasoning". [REVIEW]David Muschamp - 1964 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 42:151.
     
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  38. David A Sprintzen and Adrian van den Hoven, Eds., Sartre and Camus: A Historic Confrontation Reviewed By.David Detmer - 2005 - Philosophy in Review 25 (1):6-9.
     
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  39. Private Correspondence of David Hume with Several Distinguished Persons Between the Years 1761 and 1776, Now First Published From the Originals. [REVIEW]David Hume, Abraham John Henry Colburn and Co & Valpy - 1820 - Printed for Henry Colburn and Co., Public Library, Conduit Street, Hanover Square.
  40.  10
    David Hume: A Treatise of Human Nature: Volume 2: Editorial Material.David Fate Norton & Mary J. Norton (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    David and Mary Norton present the definitive scholarly edition of Hume's Treatise, one of the greatest philosophical works ever written. This volume contains their account of how the Treatise was written and published; an explanation of how they established the text; an extensive set of annotations; and a detailed bibliography and index.
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  41. David Hume Philosophical Historian.David Hume, David Fate Norton & Richard Henry Popkin - 1965 - Bobbs-Merrill.
  42. David Lewis and Schrodinger's Cat.David Papineau - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (1):153.
    In 'How Many Lives Has Schrödinger's Cat?' David Lewis argues that the Everettian no-collapse interpretation of quantum mechanics is in a tangle when it comes to probabilities. This paper aims to show that the difficulties that Lewis raises are insubstantial. The Everettian metaphysics contains a coherent account of probability. Indeed it accounts for probability rather better than orthodox metaphysics does.
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  43.  4
    Claudia Rozas Gómez, Paul Gibbs and Petra Mikulan on Peter Roberts and Herner Saeverot’s Education and the Limits of Reason: Reading Dostoevsky, Tolstoy and Nabokov, with a Response From the Authors.Paul Gibbs, Claudia Alejandra Rozas Gomez & Petra Mikulan - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-12.
  44.  56
    David Hume: A Treatise of Human Nature (Two-Volume Set).David Fate Norton & Mary J. Norton (eds.) - 2007 - Clarendon Press.
    David and Mary Norton present the definitive scholarly edition of Hume's Treatise, one of the greatest philosophical works ever written. This set comprises the two volumes of texts and editorial material, which are also available for purchase separately. -/- David Hume (1711 - 1776) is one of the greatest of philosophers. Today he probably ranks highest of all British philosophers in terms of influence and philosophical standing. His philosophical work ranges across morals, the mind, metaphysics, epistemology, religion, and (...)
  45.  6
    Response to ‘Gibbs and the Problems of Satisfaction and Well-Being’.Paul Gibbs - 2009 - Business Ethics: A European Review 18 (4):412-413.
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  46.  3
    Claudia Rozas Gómez, Paul Gibbs and Petra Mikulan on Peter Roberts and Herner Saeverot’s Education and the Limits of Reason: Reading Dostoevsky, Tolstoy and Nabokov, with a Response From the Authors, Roberts, P., & Saeverot, H.Paul Gibbs, Claudia Alejandra Rozas Gomez & Petra Mikulan - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-11.
  47.  10
    David Hume: A Treatise of Human Nature: Volume 1: Texts.David Fate Norton & Mary J. Norton (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    David and Mary Norton present the definitive scholarly edition of Hume's Treatise, one of the greatest philosophical works ever written. The first volume contains the critical text of David Hume's Treatise of Human Nature, followed by the shortand concluding with A Letter from a Gentleman to his Friend in Edinburgh.
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  48.  4
    David Hume: A Treatise of Human Nature: Two-Volume Set.David Fate Norton & Mary J. Norton (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    David and Mary Norton present the definitive scholarly edition of Hume's Treatise, one of the greatest philosophical works ever written. This set comprises the two volumes of texts and editorial material, which are also available for purchase separately.
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  49.  19
    Philo of Alexandria: With Addenda for 1937 - 1986 / by David T. Runia. With the Assistance of H. M. Keizer. And in Collab. With The International Philo Bibliography Project.David T. Runia - 2000 - Brill.
    This volume is a continuation of "Philo of Alexandria: an Annotated Bibliography 1937-1986, published by Roberto Radice and David Runia in 1988 (second edition ...
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  50.  14
    David Hume: A Treatise of Human Nature: Volume 1: Texts.David Fate Norton & Mary J. Norton (eds.) - 2007 - Clarendon Press.
    David and Mary Norton present the definitive scholarly edition of Hume's Treatise, one of the greatest philosophical works ever written. The first volume contains the critical text of David Hume's Treatise of Human Nature , followed by the shortin which Hume set out the key arguments of the larger work; the volume concludes with A Letter from a Gentleman to his Friend in Edinburgh , Hume's later defence of the Treatise.
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