Results for 'Eleanor Kallman Roemer'

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  1.  31
    Harm and the Ideal of the Educated Person: Response to Jane Roland Martin.Eleanor Kallman Roemer - 1981 - Educational Theory 31 (2):115-124.
  2.  23
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Joseph A. Broude, Roy R. Nasstrom, M. M. Chambers, Kenneth C. Schmidt, Michael V. Belok, Cynthia Porter-Gherie, Eleanor Kallman Roemer, J. Harold Anderson, George D. Dalin, Bruce Beezer, James Van Pattan, Sally Schumacher, Harvey Neufeldt, Joseph Watras, Robert Nicholas Berard, F. C. Rankine, Paul Kriese, Jill D. Wright & Daniel P. Huden - 1981 - Educational Studies 12 (3):297-323.
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  3.  30
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Harriet B. Morrison, John H. Chilcott, Ezrl Atzmon, John T. Zepper, Milton K. Reimer, Gillian Elliott Smith, James E. Christensen, Albert E. Bender, Nancy R. King, W. Sherman Rush, Ann H. Hastings, Kenneth V. Lottich, J. Theodore Klein, Sally H. Wertheim, Bernard J. Kohlbrenner, William T. Lowe, Beverly Lindsay, Ronald E. Butchart, E. Dean Butler, Jon M. Fennell & Eleanor Kallman Roemer - 1981 - Educational Studies 11 (4):403-435.
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  4.  50
    Equality of Talent: John E. Roemer.John E. Roemer - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):151-188.
    If one is an egalitarian, what should one want to equalize? Opportunities or outcomes? Resources or welfare? These positions are usually conceived to be very different. I argue in this paper that the distinction is misconceived: the only coherent conception of resource equality implies welfare equality, in an appropriately abstract description of the problem. In this section, I motivate the program which the rest of the paper carries out.
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  5.  93
    A Public Ownership Resolution of the Tragedy of the Commons*: JOHN E. ROEMER.John E. Roemer - 1989 - Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (2):74-92.
    Imagine a society of fisherfolk, who, in the state of nature, fish on a lake of finite size. Fishing on the lake is characterized by decreasing returns to scale in labor, because the lake's finite size imply that each successive hour of fishing labor is less effective than the previous one, as the remaining fish become less dense in the lake. In the state of nature, the lake is commonly owned: each fishes as much as he pleases, and, we might (...)
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  6.  67
    Egalitarianism, Responsibility, and Information: John E. Roemer.John E. Roemer - 1987 - Economics and Philosophy 3 (2):215-244.
    Radical and liberal theories of egalitarianism are distinguished, in large part, by the differing degrees to which they hold people responsible for their own well-being. The most liberal or individualistic theory calls for equality of opportunity. Once such “starting gate equality,” as Dworkin calls it, is guaranteed, then any final outcome is justified, provided certain rules, such as voluntary trading, are observed. At the other pole, the most radical egalitarianism calls for equality of welfare. In between these two extremes are (...)
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  7.  58
    Providing Equal Educational Opportunity: Public Vs. Voucher Schools*: JOHN E. ROEMER.John E. Roemer - 1992 - Social Philosophy and Policy 9 (1):291-309.
    All advanced societies maintain a commitment to equal educational opportunity, which they claim to implement through a public school system that is charged toprovide all children with an education up to a state-enforced standard. Indeed, what public schools do, even in the best of circumstances, is to provide all children with a more or less equal exposure to educational inputs, rather than to guarantee them equal educational attainment. Children, as the schools receive them, differ markedly in their docility — due (...)
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  8.  34
    What Walrasian Marxism Can and Cannot Do * Article Author Query * Roemer J [Google Scholar].John Roemer - 1992 - Economics and Philosophy 8 (1):149-156.
    In their article “Roemer's ‘General’ Theory of Exploitation is a Special Case: The Limits of Walrasian Marxism,” Devine and Dymski portray me as some sort of Walrasian automaton who believes that phenomena that are not easily modelled using the Walrasian model of perfect competition do not exist. Their criticism of my theory assumes that I was attempting to model capitalism in its entirety, a task that, I agree, I failed to do. I did not propose a theory of accumulation, (...)
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  9. Equality of Talent.John E. Roemer - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):151-.
    If one is an egalitarian, what should one want to equalize? Opportunities or outcomes? Resources or welfare? These positions are usually conceived to be very different. I argue in this paper that the distinction is misconceived: the only coherent conception of resource equality implies welfare equality, in an appropriately abstract description of the problem. In this section, I motivate the program which the rest of the paper carries out.
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  10. Cognitive Representations of Semantic Categories.Eleanor Rosch - 1975 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 104 (3):192-233.
  11.  67
    Physical Relativity From a Functionalist Perspective.Eleanor Knox - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 67:118-124.
    This paper looks at the relationship between spacetime functionalism and Harvey Brown’s dynamical relativity. One popular way of reading and extending Brown’s programme in the literature rests on viewing his position as a version of relationism. But a kind of spacetime functionalism extends the project in a different way, by focussing on the account Brown gives of the role of spacetime in relativistic theories. It is then possible to see this as giving a functional account of the concept of spacetime (...)
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  12. If You're an Egalitarian, How Come You're so Rich?John E. Roemer - 2003 - Mind 112 (445):106-112.
  13.  27
    The Hippocampus: A Manifesto for Change.Eleanor A. Maguire & Sinéad L. Mullally - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (4):1180.
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  14.  92
    Newtonian Spacetime Structure in Light of the Equivalence Principle.Eleanor Knox - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (4):863-880.
    I argue that the best spacetime setting for Newtonian gravitation (NG) is the curved spacetime setting associated with geometrized Newtonian gravitation (GNG). Appreciation of the ‘Newtonian equivalence principle’ leads us to conclude that the gravitational field in NG itself is a gauge quantity, and that the freely falling frames are naturally identified with inertial frames. In this context, the spacetime structure of NG is represented not by the flat neo-Newtonian connection usually made explicit in formulations, but by the sum of (...)
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  15.  18
    Striking the Balance with Epistemic Injustice in Healthcare: The Case of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.Eleanor Alexandra Byrne - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (3):371-379.
    Miranda Fricker’s influential concept of epistemic injustice has recently seen application to many areas of interest, with an increasing body of healthcare research using the concept of epistemic injustice in order to develop both general frameworks and accounts of specific medical conditions and patient groups. This paper illuminates tensions that arise between taking steps to protect against committing epistemic injustice in healthcare, and taking steps to understand the complexity of one’s predicament and treat it accordingly. Work on epistemic injustice is (...)
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  16.  74
    Socialism Revised.John E. Roemer - 2017 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 45 (3):261-315.
  17.  87
    Effective Spacetime Geometry.Eleanor Knox - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (3):346-356.
    I argue that the need to understand spacetime structure as emergent in quantum gravity is less radical and surprising it might appear. A clear understanding of the link between general relativity's geometrical structures and empirical geometry reveals that this empirical geometry is exactly the kind of thing that could be an effective and emergent matter. Furthermore, any theory with torsion will involve an effective geometry, even though these theories look, at first glance, like theories with straightforward spacetime geometry. As it's (...)
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  18.  51
    Inequality Reexamined.John Roemer & Amartya Sen - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (3):554.
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  19.  1
    How We Cooperate: A Theory of Kantian Optimization.John E. Roemer - 2019 - Yale University Press.
    _A new theory of how and why we cooperate, drawing from economics, political theory, and philosophy to challenge the conventional wisdom of game theory_ Game theory explains competitive behavior by working from the premise that people are self-interested. People don’t just compete, however; they also cooperate. John Roemer argues that attempts by orthodox game theorists to account for cooperation leave much to be desired. Unlike competing players, cooperating players take those actions that they would like others to take—which (...) calls “Kantian optimization.” Through rigorous reasoning and modeling, Roemer demonstrates a simpler theory of cooperative behavior than the standard model provides. (shrink)
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  20. Universals in Color Naming and Memory.Eleanor R. Heider - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (1):10.
  21.  21
    Moral Agency in Charities and Business Corporations: Exploring the Constraints of Law and Regulation.Eleanor Burt & Samuel Mansell - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 159 (1):59-73.
    For centuries in the UK and elsewhere, charities have been widely regarded as admirable and virtuous organisations. Business corporations, by contrast, have been characterised in the popular imagination as entities that lack a capacity for moral judgement. Drawing on the philosophical literature on the moral agency of organisations, we examine how the law shapes the ability of charities and business corporations headquartered in England to exercise moral agency. Paradoxically, we find that charities are legally constrained in exercising moral agency in (...)
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  22.  15
    Experience and Prediction.Eleanor Bisbee - 1938 - Philosophy of Science 5 (3):360-366.
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  23. Abstraction and its Limits: Finding Space For Novel Explanation.Eleanor Knox - 2016 - Noûs 50 (1):41-60.
    Several modern accounts of explanation acknowledge the importance of abstraction and idealization for our explanatory practice. However, once we allow a role for abstraction, questions remain. I ask whether the relation between explanations at different theoretical levels should be thought of wholly in terms of abstraction, and argue that changes of the quantities in terms of which we describe a system can lead to novel explanations that are not merely abstractions of some more detailed picture. I use the example of (...)
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  24.  12
    Motion Parallax as a Determinant of Perceived Depth.Eleanor J. Gibson, James J. Gibson, Olin W. Smith & Howard Flock - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (1):40.
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  25. A Pragmatic Theory of Responsibility for the Egalitarian Planner.John E. Roemer - 1993 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 22 (2):146-166.
  26.  92
    Newton–Cartan Theory and Teleparallel Gravity: The Force of a Formulation.Eleanor Knox - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 42 (4):264-275.
  27.  2
    Roemer Versus Roemer: A Comment on "New Directions in the Marxian Theory of Exploitation and Class".Jon Elster - 1982 - Politics and Society 11 (3):363-373.
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  28.  11
    Shared Reading: Assessing the Intrinsic Value of a Literature-Based Health Intervention.Eleanor Longden, Philip Davis, Josie Billington, Sofia Lampropoulou, Grace Farrington, Fiona Magee, Erin Walsh & Rhiannon Corcoran - 2015 - Medical Humanities 41 (2):113-120.
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  29. A General Theory of Exploitation and Class.J. Roemer - 1985 - Critica 17 (49):71-76.
     
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  30.  7
    Minor Studies From the Psychological Laboratory of Wellesley College: Intensity as a Criterion in Estimating the Distance of Sounds.Eleanor A. Gamble - 1909 - Psychological Review 16 (6):416-426.
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  31.  5
    Analytical Marxism.John Roemer (ed.) - 1986 - Cambridge University Press.
    As John Roemer says in his introduction to this volume, 'During the past decade, what now appears as a new species in social theory has been forming: analytically sophisticated Marxism. Its practitioners are largely inspired by Marxian questions which they pursue with contemporary tools of logic, mathematics, and model building … These writers are, self-consciously, products of both the Marxian and non-Marxian traditions.' This volume assembles substantial and original essays, both published and unpublished, by some of the leading practitioners (...)
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  32.  17
    [Book Review] Theories of Distributive Justice. [REVIEW]John E. Roemer - 2000 - Social Theory and Practice 26 (2):327-345.
  33. The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience.Francisco J. Varela, Evan Thompson & Eleanor Rosch - 1991 - MIT Press.
    The Embodied Mind provides a unique, sophisticated treatment of the spontaneous and reflective dimension of human experience.
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  34.  26
    Bootstrapping the Lexicon: A Computational Model of Infant Speech Segmentation.Eleanor Olds Batchelder - 2002 - Cognition 83 (2):167-206.
    Prelinguistic infants must find a way to isolate meaningful chunks from the continuous streams of speech that they hear. BootLex, a new model which uses distributional cues to build a lexicon, demonstrates how much can be accomplished using this single source of information. This conceptually simple probabilistic algorithm achieves significant segmentation results on various kinds of language corpora - English, Japanese, and Spanish; child- and adult-directed speech, and written texts; and several variations in coding structure - and reveals which statistical (...)
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  35.  4
    Roemer on Responsibility and Equality.Susan Hurley - 2002 - Law and Philosophy 21 (1):39-64.
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  36.  35
    Egalitarian Perspectives: Essays in Philosophical Economics.John E. Roemer - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents fifteen essays, written over the past dozen years, on egalitarianism. The essays explore contemporary philosophical debates on this subject, using the tools of modern economic theory, general equilibrium theory, game theory, and the theory of mechanism design. Egalitarian Perspectives is divided into four parts: the theory of exploitation; equality of resources; bargaining theory and distributive justice; and market socialism and public ownership. The first part presents Roemer's influential reconceptualisation of the Marxian theory of exploitation as a (...)
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  37. Emergence Without Limits: The Case of Phonons.Alexander Franklin & Eleanor Knox - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 64:68-78.
    Recent discussions of emergence in physics have focussed on the use of limiting relations, and often particularly on singular or asymptotic limits. We discuss a putative example of emergence that does not fit into this narrative: the case of phonons. These quasi-particles have some claim to be emergent, not least because the way in which they relate to the underlying crystal is almost precisely analogous to the way in which quantum particles relate to the underlying quantum field theory. But there (...)
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  38. Simone de Beauvoir's Philosophy of Lived Experience: Literature and Metaphysics.Eleanore Holveck - 2001 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In Simone de Beauvoir's Philosophy of Lived Experience, Eleanore Holveck presents Simone de Beauvoir's theory of literature and metaphysics, including its relationship to the philosophers Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Immanuel Kant, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, and Jean-Paul Sartre, with references to the literary tradition of Goethe, Maurice Barr_s, Arthur Rimbaud, AndrZ Breton, and Paul Nizan. The book provides a detailed philosophical analysis of Beauvoir's early short stories and several major novels, including The Mandarins and L'invitZe.
     
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  39.  23
    Roemer on Responsibility and Equality.Susan Hurley - 2002 - Law and Philosophy 21 (1):39-64.
  40.  16
    Deleuze, the Dark Precursor: Dialectic, Structure, Being.Eleanor Kaufman - 2012 - The Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Deleuze, The Dark Precursor is organized around three themes that critically overlap: dialectic, structure, and being.
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  41.  68
    Interpersonal Comparisons of Well-Being.Jon Elster & John E. Roemer (eds.) - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this volume a diverse group of economists, philosophers, political scientists, and psychologists address the problems, principles, and practices involved in comparing the well-being of different individuals. A series of questions lie at the heart of this investigation: What is the relevant concept of well-being for the purposes of comparison? How could the comparisons be carried out for policy purposes? How are such comparisons made now? How do the difficulties involved in these comparisons affect the status of utilitarian theories? This (...)
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  42. Defending Equality of Opportunity.John E. Roemer - 2003 - The Monist 86 (2):261-282.
    The theory of equal opportunity as I have expounded it in Roemer uses a language comprising five words: objective, circumstance, type, effort, and policy. The objective is the kind of outcome or well-being or advantage for whose acquisition one wishes to equalize opportunities, in a given population. Circumstances are the set of environmental influences, beyond the individual’s control, that affect his or her chances of acquiring the objective. A type is the group of individuals in the population with a (...)
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  43.  3
    Media Meta-Commentary and the Performance of Expertise.Eleanor Townsley & Ronald N. Jacobs - 2018 - European Journal of Social Theory 21 (3):340-356.
    This article examines the rise of meta-commentary in US media, and considers the consequences it has for the social construction and the performance of intellectual expertise. Media meta-commentary is defined as critical reflection about media practices and performances, in which the primary basis for criticism is the comparison of different media formats. Meta-commentary began to emerge with the differentiation of the aesthetic sphere and the development of a new kind of expert, the cultural critic. Cultural criticism led to a proliferation (...)
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  44. Should Marxists Be Interested in Exploitation?John E. Roemer - 1985 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 14 (1):30-65.
  45.  3
    Perspective Taking as Virtual Navigation? Perceptual Simulation of What Others See Reflects Their Location in Space but Not Their Gaze.Eleanor Ward, Giorgio Ganis, Katrina L. McDonough & Patric Bach - 2020 - Cognition 199:104241.
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  46.  87
    Reclaiming Concepts.Eleanor Rosch - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (11-12):11-12.
    The story is told of a physicist who is invited by a dairy farmers’ association to tell them how to get more milk from cows. The physicist begins: ‘First we start with a spherical cow.’ That is told as a joke! Yet far more strange is what cognitivism has done to what is supposed to be the study of human thought and human life. This chapter is about concepts, the central building blocks of cognitivist theory. I will first show how (...)
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  47.  10
    A Future for Socialism.John E. Roemer - 1996 - Ethics 106 (2):462-464.
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  48.  13
    Roemer on Marx's Theory of Exploitation: Shortcomings of a Non-Dialectical Approach.Tony Smith - 1989 - Science and Society 53 (3):327 - 340.
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  49.  13
    Philosophy of Religion: The Big Questions.Eleanore Stump & Michael J. Murray (eds.) - 1999 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This book contains a collection of the essential readings treating both classic and contemporary issues in philosophy of religion.
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  50.  95
    On Several Approaches to Equality of Opportunity.John E. Roemer - 2012 - Economics and Philosophy 28 (2):165-200.
    The formal theory of equality of opportunity emerged as a response – a friendly amendment – to Ronald Dworkin's characterization of resource egalitarianism, as defined by the allocation that would emerge from insurance contracts arrived at behind a thin veil of ignorance. This article compares several of the prominent versions of this response, put forth in the period 1993–2008. I argue that a generalization of Roemer's proposal is the most satisfactory approach. Inherent in that generalization is an indeterminism, which (...)
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