Results for 'Interference'

1000+ found
  1. Joint Action Goals Reduce Visuomotor Interference Effects From a Partner’s Incongruent Actions.Sam Clarke, Luke McEllin, Anna Francová, Marcell Székely, Stephen Andrew Butterfill & John Michael - 2019 - Scientific Reports 9 (1).
    Joint actions often require agents to track others’ actions while planning and executing physically incongruent actions of their own. Previous research has indicated that this can lead to visuomotor interference effects when it occurs outside of joint action. How is this avoided or overcome in joint actions? We hypothesized that when joint action partners represent their actions as interrelated components of a plan to bring about a joint action goal, each partner’s movements need not be represented in relation to (...)
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  2. Corporate Social Responsibility, Ownership Structure, and Political Interference: Evidence From China. [REVIEW]Wenjing Li & Ran Zhang - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 96 (4):631 - 645.
    Prior research suggests that ownership structure is associated to corporate social responsibility (CSR) in developed countries. This article examines whether and how ownership structure affects CSR in emerging markets using Chinese firms' social responsibility ranking. Our empirical evidences show that for non-state-owned firms, corporate ownership dispersion is positively associated to CSR. However, for state-owned firms, whose controlling shareholder is the state, this relation is reversed. We attribute the reversed relationship to political interferences and further test this hypothesis by demonstrating that (...)
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  3.  94
    Decision Theory with Prospect Interference and Entanglement.V. I. Yukalov & D. Sornette - 2011 - Theory and Decision 70 (3):283-328.
    We present a novel variant of decision making based on the mathematical theory of separable Hilbert spaces. This mathematical structure captures the effect of superposition of composite prospects, including many incorporated intentions, which allows us to describe a variety of interesting fallacies and anomalies that have been reported to particularize the decision making of real human beings. The theory characterizes entangled decision making, non-commutativity of subsequent decisions, and intention interference. We demonstrate how the violation of the Savage’s sure-thing principle, (...)
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  4.  15
    Exploratory and Confirmatory Analyses in Sentence Processing: A Case Study of Number Interference in German.Bruno Nicenboim, Shravan Vasishth, Felix Engelmann & Katja Suckow - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S4):1075-1100.
    Given the replication crisis in cognitive science, it is important to consider what researchers need to do in order to report results that are reliable. We consider three changes in current practice that have the potential to deliver more realistic and robust claims. First, the planned experiment should be divided into two stages, an exploratory stage and a confirmatory stage. This clear separation allows the researcher to check whether any results found in the exploratory stage are robust. The second change (...)
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  5. The Principle of Supplementarity: A Contextual Probabilistic Viewpoint to Complementarity, the Interference of Probabilities and Incompatibility of Variables in Quantum Mechanics.Andrei Khrennikov - 2005 - Foundations of Physics 35 (10):1655-1693.
    We presented a contextual statistical model of the probabilistic description of physical reality. Here contexts are considered as basic elements of reality. There is discussed the relation with QM. We propose a realistic analogue of Bohr’s principle of complementarity. In the opposite to the Bohr’s principle, our principle has no direct relation with mutual exclusivity for observables. To distinguish our principle from the Bohr’s principle and to give better characterization, we change the terminology and speak about supplementarity, instead of complementarity. (...)
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  6.  33
    Quantum Interference in Time.Lawrence P. Horwitz - 2007 - Foundations of Physics 37 (4-5):734-746.
    I discuss the interpretation of a recent experiment showing quantum interference in time. It is pointed out that the standard nonrelativistic quantum theory does not have the property of coherence in time, and hence cannot account for the results found. Therefore, this experiment has fundamental importance beyond the technical advances it represents. Some theoretical structures which consider the time as an observable, and thus could, in principle, have the required coherence in time, are discussed briefly, and the application of (...)
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  7.  43
    Conditions for Quantum Interference in Cognitive Sciences.Vyacheslav I. Yukalov & Didier Sornette - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):79-90.
    We present a general classification of the conditions under which cognitive science, concerned, e.g. with decision making, requires the use of quantum theoretical notions. The analysis is done in the frame of the mathematical approach based on the theory of quantum measurements. We stress that quantum effects in cognition can arise only when decisions are made under uncertainty. Conditions for the appearance of quantum interference in cognitive sciences and the conditions when interference cannot arise are formulated.
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  8.  98
    Interference, Reduced Action, and Trajectories.Edward R. Floyd - 2007 - Foundations of Physics 37 (9):1386-1402.
    Instead of investigating the interference between two stationary, rectilinear wave functions in a trajectory representation by examining the trajectories of the two rectilinear wave functions individually, we examine a dichromatic wave function that is synthesized from the two interfering wave functions. The physics of interference is contained in the reduced action for the dichromatic wave function. As this reduced action is a generator of the motion for the dichromatic wave function, it determines the dichromatic wave function’s trajectory. The (...)
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  9.  78
    Interpreting Quantum Interference Using a Berry’s Phase-Like Quantity.M. J. Rave - 2008 - Foundations of Physics 38 (12):1073-1081.
    We show that quantum interference can be interpreted in terms of a phase invariant quantity, not unlike the Berry’s phase. Under this interpretation, closed loops in time become fundamental quantum entities, and all quantum states become periodic. Decoherence is then seen to occur naturally as a consequence. This formalism, although counterintuitive, provides another useful way of assigning meaning to quantum probabilities and quasi-probabilities.
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  10.  83
    Experimental Evidence for a Dynamical Non-Locality Induced Effect in Quantum Interference Using Weak Values.S. E. Spence & A. D. Parks - 2012 - Foundations of Physics 42 (6):803-815.
    The quantum theoretical concepts of modular momentum and dynamical non-locality, which were introduced four decades ago, have recently been used to explain single particle quantum interference phenomena. Although the non-local exchange of modular momentum associated with such phenomena cannot be directly observed, it has been suggested that effects induced by this exchange can be measured experimentally using weak measurements of pre- and post-selected ensembles of particles. This paper reports on such an optical experiment that yielded measured weak values that (...)
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  11.  34
    Worktime Demands and Work-Family Interference: Does Worktime Control Buffer the Adverse Effects of High Demands? [REVIEW]Sabine A. E. Geurts, Debby G. J. Beckers, Toon W. Taris, Michiel A. J. Kompier & Peter G. W. Smulders - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (2):229 - 241.
    This study examined whether worktime control buffered the impact of worktime demands on work-family interference (WFI), using data from 2,377 workers from various sectors of industry in The Netherlands. We distinguished among three types of worktime demands: time spent on work according to one's contract (contractual hours), the number of hours spent on overtime work (overtime hours), and the number of hours spent on commuting (commuting hours). Regarding worktime control, a distinction was made between having control over days off (...)
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  12.  56
    A Double‐Slit Experiment for Non‐Classical Interference Effects in Decision Making.Pierfrancesco La Mura - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):58-62.
    We discuss the possible nature and role of non-physical entanglement, and the classical vs. non-classical interface, in models of human decision-making. We also introduce an experimental setting designed after the double-slit experiment in physics, and discuss how it could be used to discriminate between classical and non-classical interference effects in human decisions.
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  13.  58
    Quantum Interference and Many Worlds: A New Family of Classical Analogies. [REVIEW]M. J. Rave - 2011 - Foundations of Physics 41 (8):1318-1330.
    We present a new way of constructing classical analogies of quantum interference. These analogies share one common factor: they treat closed loops as fundamental entities. Such analogies can be used to understand the difference between quantum and classical probability; they can also be used to illuminate the many worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics. An examination of these analogies suggests that closed loops (particularly closed loops in time) may have special significance in interpretations of quantum interference, because they allow (...)
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  14.  37
    T Violation and the Unidirectionality of Time: Further Details of the Interference.Joan A. Vaccaro - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (6):691-706.
    T violation has previously been shown to induce destructive interference between different paths that the universe can take through time which leads to a new quantum equation of motion called bievolution. Here we examine further details of the interference and clarify the conditions needed for the bievolution equation.
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  15.  36
    Double-Slit Interference and Temporal Topos.Goro Kato & Tsunefumi Tanaka - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (11):1681-1700.
    The electron double-slit interference is re-examined from the point of view of temporal topos. Temporal topos (or t-topos) is an abstract algebraic (categorical) method using the theory of sheaves. A brief introduction to t-topos is given. When the structural foundation for describing particles is based on t-topos, the particle-wave duality of electron is a natural consequence. A presheaf associated with the electron represents both particle-like and wave-like properties depending upon whether an object in the site (t-site) is specified (particle-like) (...)
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  16.  16
    Memory Without Consolidation: Temporal Distinctiveness Explains Retroactive Interference.Ullrich K. H. Ecker, Gordon D. A. Brown & Stephan Lewandowsky - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (7):1570-1593.
    Is consolidation needed to account for retroactive interference in free recall? Interfering mental activity during the retention interval of a memory task impairs performance, in particular if the interference occurs in temporal proximity to the encoding of the to-be-remembered information. There are at least two rival theoretical accounts of this temporal gradient of retroactive interference. The cognitive neuroscience literature has suggested neural consolidation is a pivotal factor determining item recall. According to this account, interfering activity interrupts consolidation (...)
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  17. Studies of Interference in Serial Verbal Reactions.J. R. Stroop - 1935 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (6):643.
  18.  14
    Backward Masking and Interference with the Processing of Brief Visual Displays.Vincent Di Lollo, D. G. Lowe & J. P. Scott - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (5):934.
  19.  15
    Failure of Subliminal Word Presentations to Generate Interference to Color Naming.Laurence J. Severance & Frederick N. Dyer - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (1):186.
  20.  29
    On the Role of Interference in Short-Term Retention.Michael I. Posner & Andrew F. Konick - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (2):221.
  21.  44
    Processing Symbolic Information From a Visual Display: Interference From an Irrelevant Directional Cue.John L. Craft & J. Richard Simon - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):415.
  22.  17
    Asymmetric Interference in 3‐ to 4‐Month‐Olds' Sequential Category Learning.Denis Mareschal, Paul C. Quinn & Robert M. French - 2002 - Cognitive Science 26 (3):377-389.
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  23.  22
    Ambient Light, White Noise, and Monkey Vocalization as Sources of Interference in Visual Short-Term Memory of Monkeys.R. W. Worsham & M. R. D'Amato - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (1):99-105.
  24.  67
    The Locus of the Gratton Effect in Picture–Word Interference.Leendert van Maanen & Hedderik van Rijn - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):168-180.
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  25. Interference in Short-Term Retention of Discrete Movements.A. S. Faust-Adams - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):400.
  26.  45
    Verbal Interference with Encoding in a Perceptual Classification Task.Howard S. Hock & Howard Egeth - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (2p1):299.
  27.  76
    Stroop Interference with Successive Presentations of Separate Incongruent Words and Colors.Frederick N. Dyer & Laurence J. Severance - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (2):438.
  28.  23
    Semantic Gradients and Interference in Naming Color, Spatial Direction, and Numerosity.Leslie A. Fox, Ronald E. Shor & Robert J. Steinman - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 91 (1):59.
  29.  18
    Phonemic Similarity and Interference in Short-Term Memory for Single Letters.Wayne A. Wickelgren - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (3):396.
  30.  17
    Developmental Study of Color-Word Interference.Peter H. Schiller - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (1):105.
  31.  13
    Input and Output Interference in Short-Term Associative Memory.Endel Tulving & Tannis Y. Arbuckle - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (1):145.
  32.  19
    Retroactive Interference in Short-Term Recognition Memory for Pitch.Dominic W. Massaro - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):32.
  33.  12
    Further Evidence on Secondary Task Interference in Tracking.Merrill Noble, Don Trumbo & Frank Fowler - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (1):146.
  34.  13
    Consolidation and Retroactive Interference in Short-Term Recognition Memory for Pitch.Wayne A. Wickelgren - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (2):250.
  35.  6
    Interference in Memory Between Tones Adjacent in the Musical Scale.Diana Deutsch - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (2):228.
  36.  9
    Influence of Interference on Delayed Matching in Monkeys.M. E. Jarvik, T. L. Goldfarb & J. L. Carley - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):1.
  37.  18
    Decay and Interference Effects in the Short-Term Retention of a Discrete Motor Act.Ross L. Pepper & Louis M. Herman - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (2p2):1.
  38.  14
    Studies of the Interference Process in Short-Term Memory.Henry Reed - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (3):452.
  39.  19
    Stimulus and Response Interference in Recognition-Memory Experiments.Donald A. Norman & Nancy C. Waugh - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):551.
  40.  11
    Proactive Interference as a Function of Time Between Tests.Lloyd R. Peterson & Antoinette Gentile - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (5):473.
  41.  32
    Retroactive Interference with Multiple Interpolated Lists.Judith Goggin - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):483.
  42.  10
    Interference in Short- and Long-Term Memory.Wayne H. Bartz & Merry Salehi - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (2):380.
  43.  28
    Anxiety-Produced Interference in Serial Rote Learning with Observations on Rote Learning After Partial Frontal Lobectomy.Robert B. Malmo & Abram Amsel - 1948 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (4):440.
  44.  27
    Stimulus Coding and Interference in Paired-Associate Learning.Willard N. Runquist - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (3):373-377.
  45.  26
    Comparison of Two Procedures in the Study of Retroactive Interference in Connected Meaningful Material.David J. King & Sarah Tanenbaum - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (4):420.
  46.  20
    Direct and Indirect Interference in the Recall of Paired Associates.Geoffrey Keppel, Dennis Bonge, Bonnie Z. Strand & Janat Parker - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (3):414.
  47.  20
    Contextual Change and Release From Proactive Interference in Short-Term Verbal Memory.M. T. Turvey & J. Egan - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (2):396.
  48.  12
    Interference and Facilitation for Color Naming with Separate Bilateral Presentations of the Word and Color.Frederick N. Dyer - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (3):314-317.
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  49.  11
    Attenuation of Proactive Interference in Short-Term Memory as a Function of Cueing to Forget.M. T. Turvey & Roy P. Wittlinger - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (2p1):295.
  50.  11
    Role of Interference Factors in Three-Stage Mediation Paradigms.Bruce Earhard & Marcia Earhard - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (4p1):526.
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