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Justin Oakley [52]J. Oakley [11]John H. Oakley [10]J. H. Oakley [2]
John Oakley [2]Jeffery Oakley [1]John Howard Oakley [1]Judith G. Oakley [1]

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Jeffrey Shane Oakley
University of North Carolina at Wilmington
  1. Virtue Ethics and Professional Roles.Justin Oakley & Dean Cocking - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Professionals, it is said, have no use for simple lists of virtues and vices. The complexities and constraints of professional roles create peculiar moral demands on the people who occupy them, and traits that are vices in ordinary life are praised as virtues in the context of professional roles. Should this disturb us, or is it naive to presume that things should be otherwise? Taking medical and legal practice as key examples, Justin Oakley and Dean Cocking develop a rigorous articulation (...)
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  2. Morality and the Emotions.Justin OAKLEY - 1991 - Routledge.
    Introduction In recent years there has been a welcome reawakening of philosophical interest in the emotions. A significant number of contemporary ...
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  3.  16
    Payment in Challenge Studies: Ethics, Attitudes and a New Payment for Risk Model.Olivia Grimwade, Julian Savulescu, Alberto Giubilini, Justin Oakley, Joshua Osowicki, Andrew J. Pollard & Anne-Marie Nussberger - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (12):815-826.
    Controlled Human Infection Model research involves the infection of otherwise healthy participants with disease often for the sake of vaccine development. The COVID-19 pandemic has emphasised the urgency of enhancing CHIM research capability and the importance of having clear ethical guidance for their conduct. The payment of CHIM participants is a controversial issue involving stakeholders across ethics, medicine and policymaking with allegations circulating suggesting exploitation, coercion and other violations of ethical principles. There are multiple approaches to payment: reimbursement, wage payment (...)
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  4. Gender-Based Barriers to Senior Management Positions: Understanding the Scarcity of Female CEOs. [REVIEW]Judith G. Oakley - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 27 (4):321 - 334.
    Although the number of women in middle management has grown quite rapidly in the last two decades, the number of female CEOs in large corporations remains extremely low. This article examines many explanations for why women have not risen to the top, including lack of line experience, inadequate career opportunities, gender differences in linguistic styles and socialization, gender-based stereotypes, the old boy network at the top, and tokenism. Alternative explanations are also presented and analyzed, such as differences between female leadership (...)
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  5. Morality and the Emotions.Justin OAKLEY - 1992 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 56 (3):598-600.
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  6. Varieties of Virtue Ethics.Justin Oakley - 1996 - Ratio 9 (2):128-152.
  7. Indirect Consequentialism, Friendship, and the Problem of Alienation.Dean Cocking & Justin Oakley - 1995 - Ethics 106 (1):86-111.
    In this article we argue that the worries about whether a consequentialist agent will be alienated from those who are special to her go deeper than has so far been appreciated. Rather than pointing to a problem with the consequentialist agent's motives or purposes, we argue that the problem facing a consequentialist agent in the case of friendship concerns the nature of the psychological disposition which such an agent would have and how this kind of disposition sits with those which (...)
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  8.  11
    The Sales Profession as a Subculture: Implications for Ethical Decision Making.Victoria Bush, Alan J. Bush, Jared Oakley & John E. Cicala - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 142 (3):549-565.
    Salespeople have long been considered unique employees. They tend to work apart from each other and experience little daily contact with supervisors and other organizational employees. Additionally, salespeople interact with customers in an increasingly complex and multifunctional environment. This provides numerous opportunities for unethical behavior which has been chronicled in the popular press as well as academic research. Much of the research in sales ethics has relied on conceptual foundations which focus on individual and organizational influencers on ethical decision making. (...)
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  9.  74
    The Handbook of Virtue Ethics.S. van Hooft, N. Athanassoulis, J. Kawall, J. Oakley & L. van Zyl (eds.) - 2013 - Acumen Publishing.
    Virtue ethics has emerged as a distinct field within moral theory - whether as an alternative account of right action or as a conception of normativity which departs entirely from the obligatoriness of morality - and has proved itself invaluable to many aspects of contemporary applied ethics. Virtue ethics now flourishes in philosophy, sociology and theology and its applications extend to law, politics and bioethics. "The Handbook of Virtue Ethics" brings together leading international scholars to provide an overview of the (...)
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  10.  22
    9 Virtue Ethics and Bioethics.Justin Oakley - 2013 - In Daniel C. Russell (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Virtue Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 197.
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  11.  25
    Good Medical Ethics, From the Inside Out—and Back Again.Justin Oakley - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (1):48-51.
  12.  4
    Fair Go: Pay Research Participants Properly or Not at All.Olivia Grimwade, Julian Savulescu, Alberto Giubilini, Justin Oakley & Anne-Marie Nussberger - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (12):837-839.
    We thank the authors of the five commentaries for their careful and highly constructive consideration of our paper,1 which has enabled us to develop our proposal. Participation in research has traditionally been viewed as altruistic. Over time, payments for inconvenience and lost wages have been allowed, as have small incentives, usually in kind. The problem, particularly with controlled human infection model research or ‘challenge studies’, is that they are unpleasant and time-consuming. Researchers want to offer carrots to incentivise participation. We (...)
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  13.  16
    Virtue Ethics and Public Policy: Upholding Medical Virtue in Therapeutic Relationships as a Case Study.Justin Oakley - 2016 - Journal of Value Inquiry 50 (4):769-779.
  14. Consequentialism, Moral Responsibility, and the Intention/ Foresight Distinction.Justin Oakley & Dean Cocking - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (2):201.
    In many recent discussions of the morality of actions where both good and bad consequences foreseeably ensue, the moral significance of the distinction between intended and foreseen consequences is rejected. This distinction is thought to bear on the moral status of actions by those who support the Doctrine of Double Effect. According to this doctrine, roughly speaking, to perform an action intending to bring about a particular bad effect as a means to some commensurate good end is impermissible, while performing (...)
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  15.  34
    Altruistic Surrogacy and Informed Consent.Justin Oakley - 1992 - Bioethics 6 (4):269–287.
  16. A Virtue Ethics Approach.Justin Oakley - unknown
     
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  17.  18
    Would You Be Willing to Zap Your Child's Brain? Public Perspectives on Parental Responsibilities and the Ethics of Enhancing Children with Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation.Katy Wagner, Hannah Maslen, Justin Oakley & Julian Savulescu - 2018 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 9 (1):29-38.
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  18.  17
    Practitioner Courage and Ethical Health Care Environments.Justin Oakley - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (3):40-42.
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  19. A Virtue Ethics Analysis of Disclosure Requirements and Financial Incentives as Responses to Conflicts of Interest in Physician Prescribing.Justin Oakley - unknown
     
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  20. Some Epistemological Concerns About Dissociative Identity Disorder and Diagnostic Practices in Psychology.Michael J. Shaffer & Jeffery Oakley - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):1-29.
    In this paper we argue that dissociative identity disorder (DID) is best interpreted as a causal model of a (possible) post-traumatic psychological process, as a mechanical model of an abnormal psychological condition. From this perspective we examine and criticize the evidential status of DID, and we demonstrate that there is really no good reason to believe that anyone has ever suffered from DID so understood. This is so because the proponents of DID violate basic methodological principles of good causal modeling. (...)
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  21.  78
    Consequentialism, Complacency, and Slippery Slope Arguments.Justin Oakley & Dean Cocking - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (3):227-239.
    The standard problem with many slippery slope arguments is that they fail to provide us with the necessary evidence to warrant our believing that the significantly morally worse circumstances they predict will in fact come about. As such these arguments have widely been criticised as ‘scare-mongering’. Consequentialists have traditionally been at the forefront of such criticisms, demanding that we get serious about guiding our prescriptions for right action by a comprehensive appreciation of the empirical facts. This is not surprising, since (...)
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  22.  23
    Informed Consent and Surgeons' Performance.Steve Clarke & Justin Oakley - 2004 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (1):11 – 35.
    This paper argues that the provision of effective informed consent by surgical patients requires the disclosure of material information about the comparative clinical performance of available surgeons. We develop a new ethical argument for the conclusion that comparative information about surgeons' performance - surgeons' report cards - should be provided to patients, a conclusion that has already been supported by legal and economic arguments. We consider some recent institutional and legal developments in this area, and we respond to some common (...)
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  23.  26
    Diagnosing True Virtue? Remote Scenarios, Warranted Virtue Attributions, and Virtuous Medical Practice.Justin Oakley - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (1):85-96.
    Immanuel Kant argues in the Foundations that remote scenarios are diagnostic of genuine virtue. When agents commonly thought to have a particular virtue fail to exhibit that virtue in an extreme situation, he argues, they do not truly have the virtue at all, and our propensities to fail in such ways indicate that true virtue might never have existed. Kant’s suggestion that failure to show, say, courage in extraordinary circumstances necessarily silences one’s claim to have genuine courage seems to rely (...)
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  24. Ethics of Implicit Persuasion in Pharmaceutical Advertising.Paul Biegler, Jeanette Kennett, Justin Oakley & Patrick Vargas - unknown
     
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  25. Virtue Ethics and Utilitarianism.Justin Oakley - 2014 - In Stan van Hooft & Nafsika Athanassoulis (eds.), The Handbook of Virtue Ethics. Acumen Publishing.
     
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  26.  32
    Can Self-Preservation Be Virtuous in Disaster Situations?Justin Oakley - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (5):364-365.
  27.  20
    Medical Experimentation, Informed Consent and Using People.de An Cocking & Ju Stin Oakley - 1994 - Bioethics 8 (4):293-311.
  28. Virtue Theory.Justin Oakley - unknown
     
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  29.  5
    The Art of Vase-Painting in Classical Athens.John H. Oakley & M. Robertson - 1994 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 114:227-227.
  30.  16
    Altruistic Surrogacy and Informed Consent.Justin Oakley - 1992 - Bioethics 6 (4):269-287.
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  31.  34
    A Critique of Kantian Arguments Against Emotions as Moral Motives.Justin Oakley - 1990 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 7 (4):441 - 459.
  32. Informed Consent and Surgeons' Performance.Stephen Clarke & Justin Oakley - unknown
     
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  33.  20
    Respecting Participant Autonomy and the Disclosure of Clinical Trial Results.Justin Oakley - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):38-38.
  34. Accountability, Informed Consent and Clinician Report Cards.Justin Oakley & Steve Clarke - 2007 - In Steve Clarke (ed.), Informed Consent and Clinician Accountability: The Ethics of Report Cards on Surgeon Performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 1-21.
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  35.  39
    Democracy, Embryonic Stem Cell Research, and the Roman Catholic Church.J. Oakley - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (4):228-228.
    The Roman Catholic Church in Australia has lobbied politicians to prohibit embryonic stem cell research, on the grounds that such research violates the sanctity and inherent dignity of human life. I suggest, however, that reasoned reflection does not uniquely support such conclusions about the morality of stem cell research. A recent parliamentary standing committee report recommended that embryonic stem cell research be allowed to proceed in certain circumstances, and there appears to be widespread support in the Australian community for this (...)
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  36.  10
    Reproductive Cloning and Arguments From Potential.Justin Oakley - 2006 - Monash Bioethics Review 25 (1):42.
    The possibility of human reproductive cloning has led some bioethicists to suggest that potentiality-based arguments for fetal moral status become untenable, as such arguments would be committed to making the implausible claim that any adult somatic cell is itself a potential person. In this article I defend potentiality-based arguments for fetal moral status against such a reductio. Starling from the widely-held claim that the maintenance of numerical identity throughout successive changes places constraints on what a given entity can plausibly be (...)
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  37.  12
    A Hellenistic Terracotta and the Gardens of Adonis.John H. Oakley & Laurialan Reitzammer - 2005 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 125:142-144.
    A Hellenistic terracotta from Myrina now in the Louvre is interpreted as showing a young woman tending the 'gardens of Adonis' in connection with the rites of the Adonia. Further associations are made between the perfume apparently being poured into a planter from an alabastron that the young woman holds, Adonis' mother Myrrha, the provenience of the terracotta (Myrina) and grave rituals.
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  38.  8
    Exhausted Carers, Neglected Patients, and Filial Duties: When and How Should Health Professionals Intervene in Family Caregiving Arrangements?Justin Oakley - 1999 - Monash Bioethics Review 18 (3):8-16.
    The many difficult ethical issues raised by family caregiving have been thrust into prominence by recent changes to hospital funding systems which encourage earlier discharge of patients. This paper investigates the sort of involvement that health professionals might justifiably have in family caregiving arrangements. It argues that the proper role of health professionals in protecting exhausted family caregivers can be clarified by considering some analogies with arguments about justifiable breaches of patient confidentiality. The paper also argues that health professionals who (...)
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  39.  5
    Monash Centre for Human Bioethics: A Brief History.J. Oakley - 2006 - Monash Bioethics Review 25 (1):85.
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  40.  12
    The Red and the Black. Studies in Greek Pottery. [REVIEW]John H. Oakley & B. A. Sparkes - 1997 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 117:263-263.
  41.  8
    The Achilles Painter.Elizabeth Moignard & J. H. Oakley - 1999 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 119:226-226.
  42.  9
    Confrontations with the Reaper: A Philosophical Study of the Nature and Value of Death.J. Oakley - 1995 - Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (5):315-316.
  43.  10
    Deutschland, 62. Berlin, Antikenmuseum Ehemals Antiquarium, 8USA, 28.1. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. Attic Red-Figure and White-Ground Vases. [REVIEW]Lucilla Burn, Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, I. Wehgartner & J. H. Oakley - 1994 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 114:227-228.
  44. Professional Interpretation and Judgement, and the Integrity of Lawyers.Dean Cocking & Justin Oakley - unknown
     
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  45.  9
    Prospective Intention-Based Lifestyle Contracts: mHealth Technology and Responsibility in Healthcare.Emily Feng-Gu, Jim Everett, Rebecca C. H. Brown, Hannah Maslen, Justin Oakley & Julian Savulescu - 2021 - Health Care Analysis 29 (3):189-212.
    As the rising costs of lifestyle-related diseases place increasing strain on public healthcare systems, the individual’s role in disease may be proposed as a healthcare rationing criterion. Literature thus far has largely focused on retrospective responsibility in healthcare. The concept of prospective responsibility, in the form of a lifestyle contract, warrants further investigation. The responsibilisation in healthcare debate also needs to take into account innovative developments in mobile health technology, such as wearable biometric devices and mobile apps, which may change (...)
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  46.  27
    Commentary.J. Oakley - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (4):385-385.
    Could it ever be ethically justifiable to remove a dead man’s sperm to enable his partner to bear a child to him? If he had clearly indicated his agreement to this in advance, then the posthumous removal of his sperm for this purpose can be ethically justified, particularly in circumstances where the interests of the resulting child can be adequately met. Few dead men would have addressed such a possibility while alive, however, unless they had a specific reason to consider (...)
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  47.  41
    Review: Jonathan Glover: Choosing Children: The Ethical Dilemmas of Genetic Intervention. [REVIEW]J. Oakley - 2008 - Mind 117 (465):180-183.
  48.  28
    ‘After-Birth Abortion’ and Arguments From Potential.Justin Oakley - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):324-325.
    Alberto Giubilini and Francesca Minerva reject arguments from claims that fetuses and newborn infants are potential persons, because they argue that potential persons cannot be harmed.1 But whether or not potential persons can be harmed, is it clear that potential persons are entirely lacking in moral status, of a kind that could count as a reason against bringing about their demise? We do not generally regard potential as entirely lacking in moral value until it is actualised. For example, parents who (...)
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  49.  4
    ‘After-Birth Abortion’ and Arguments From Potential.Justin Oakley - 2012 - Monash Bioethics Review 30 (1):58-60.
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  50.  21
    A Louvre Fragment Reconsidered: Perseus Becomes Erichthonios.John H. Oakley - 1982 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 102:220-222.
    A fragmentary red-figure cup, formerly in the collection of Henri Seyrig, has been connected with the myth of Danae and Perseus ever since Beazley first noted it in 1954. Although a number of iconographical discussions of this myth have appeared since, the vase has never been published and, therefore, its iconography never discussed. Today, the fragments are in the Louvre, inv. no. 980.0820. Thanks to the kindness of F. Villard and A. Pasquier, I am able to publish them here for (...)
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