Results for 'Joseph E. LeDoux'

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  1.  12
    The deep history of ourselves: the four-billion-year story of how we got conscious brains.Joseph E. LeDoux - 2019 - New York City: Viking Press. Edited by Caio Sorrentino.
    Longlisted for the PEN/E.O. Wilson Literary Science Writing Award A leading neuroscientist offers a history of the evolution of the brain from unicellular organisms to the complexity of animals and human beings today Renowned neuroscientist Joseph LeDoux digs into the natural history of life on earth to provide a new perspective on the similarities between us and our ancestors in deep time. This page-turning survey of the whole of terrestrial evolution sheds new light on how nervous systems evolved (...)
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  2.  99
    Cognitive-Emotional Interactions in the Brain.Joseph E. Ledoux - 1989 - Cognition and Emotion 3 (4):267-289.
  3.  91
    The slippery slope of fear.Joseph E. LeDoux - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (4):155-156.
    'Fear' is used scientifically in two ways, which causes confusion: it refers to conscious feelings and to behavioral and physiological responses. Restricting the use of 'fear' to denote feelings and using 'threat-induced defensive reactions' for the responses would help avoid misunderstandings about the brain mechanisms involved.
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  4.  17
    Comment: What’s Basic About the Brain Mechanisms of Emotion?Joseph E. LeDoux - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (4):318-320.
    While it is common to think that neuroscientists are proponents of basic emotions theory, this is not necessarily the case. My ideas, for example are more aligned with cognitive than basic emotions theories.
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  5.  19
    The Self: from Soul to Brain.Joseph E. LeDoux, Jacek Debiec & Henry Moss (eds.) - 2003 - New York Academy of Sciences.
    This work constitutes the proceedings of a New York Academy of Sciences conference held in September 2002. It seeks to take stock of understanding of the self and its relation to the brain, and consider future directions for scientific research in a multidisciplinary context.
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  6.  34
    Cognition versus emotion, again-this time in the brain: a response to Parrott and Schulkin.Joseph E. Ledoux - 1993 - Cognition and Emotion 7 (1):61-64.
  7.  57
    The brain and the split brain: A duel with duality as a model of mind.Joseph E. LeDoux & Michael S. Gazzaniga - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):109-110.
  8. Emotions-A View through the Brain.Joseph E. LeDoux - 2002 - In Robert J. Russell (ed.), Neuroscience and the person: scientific perspectives on divine action. Berkeley (USA): Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences. pp. 101--118.
     
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  9. Emotions: How I've Looked for Them in the Brain.Joseph E. LeDoux - 2002 - In Robert J. Russell (ed.), Neuroscience and the person: scientific perspectives on divine action. Berkeley (USA): Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences. pp. 41--56.
     
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  10. The Self - Ancient and Modern.Timothy J. Reiss, Joseph E. Ledoux, Matthew S. Santirocco, Phillip Mitsis & Eva Cantarella - 2000 - New York University Press.
     
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  11. Emotional plasticity.Glenn E. Schafe & Joseph E. Ledoux - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
     
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  12.  23
    The Contribution of the Amygdala to Aversive and Appetitive Pavlovian Processes.Justin M. Moscarello & Joseph E. LeDoux - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (3):248-253.
    Pavlovian cues predict the occurrence of motivationally salient outcomes, thus serving as an important trigger of approach and avoidance behavior. The amygdala is a key substrate of Pavlovian conditioning, and the nature of its contribution varies by the motivational valence of unconditioned stimuli. The literature on aversive Pavlovian learning supports a serial-processing model of amygdalar function, while appetitive studies suggest that Pavlovian associations are processed through parallel circuits in the amygdala. It is proposed that serial and parallel forms of information (...)
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  13.  17
    Stereotaxic mapping of brainstem areas critical for the expression of the rodent’s preference for the dark.Robert Thompson & Joseph E. Ledoux - 1976 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 8 (6):472-474.
  14.  18
    Common brain regions essential for the expression of learned and instinctive visual habits in the albino rat.Robert Thompson & Joseph E. Ledoux - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (2):78-80.
  15.  19
    A stereotaxic map of brainstem areas critical for locomotor responses in a novel environment.Robert Thompson & Joseph E. Ledoux - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (3):327-328.
  16.  83
    Against Happiness.Owen Flanagan, Joseph E. LeDoux, Bobby Bingle, Daniel M. Haybron, Batja Mesquita, Michele Moody-Adams, Songyao Ren, Anna Sun & Yolonda Y. Wilson - 2023 - Columbia University Press.
    The “happiness agenda” is a worldwide movement that claims that happiness is the highest good, happiness can be measured, and public policy should promote happiness. Against Happiness is a thorough and powerful critique of this program, revealing the flaws of its concept of happiness and advocating a renewed focus on equality and justice. Written by an interdisciplinary team of authors, this book provides both theoretical and empirical analysis of the limitations of the happiness agenda. The authors emphasize that this movement (...)
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  17. Understanding the Higher-Order Approach to Consciousness.Richard Brown, Hakwan Lau & Joseph E. LeDoux - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (9):754-768.
    Critics have often misunderstood the higher-order theory (HOT) of consciousness. Here we clarify its position on several issues, and distinguish it from other views such as the global The higher-order theory (HOT) of consciousness has often been misunderstood by critics. Here we clarify its position on several issues, and distinguish it from other views such as the global workspace theory (GWT) and early sensory models (e.g. first-order local recurrency theories). For example, HOT has been criticized for over-intellectualizing consciousness. We show (...)
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  18.  30
    Emotional circuits and computational neuroscience.Jean-Marc Fellous, Jorge L. Armony & Joseph E. LeDoux - 2002 - In Michael A. Arbib (ed.), The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks, Second Edition. MIT Press. pp. 2.
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  19.  15
    Brightness discrimination loss after lesions of the corpus striatum in the white rat.Robert Thompson, Holly Chetta & Joseph E. Ledoux - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 3 (4):293-295.
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  20. Theories are buildings revisited.Joseph E. Grady - 1997 - Cognitive Linguistics 8 (4):267-290.
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  21.  66
    On the neurophysiology of consciousness, part II: Constraining the semantic problem.Joseph E. Bogen - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):137-58.
    The main idea in this series of essays is that subjective awareness depends upon the intralaminar nuclei of each thalmus. This implies that the internal structure and external relations of ILN make subjective awareness possible. An array of material relevant to this proposal was briefly reviewed in Part I. This Part II considers in more detail some semantic aspects and a bit of philosophic background as these pertain to propositions 0, 1, and 2 of Part I. Part II should be (...)
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  22. How chemistry shifts horizons: Element, substance, and the essential.Joseph E. Earley - 2008 - Foundations of Chemistry 11 (2):65-77.
    In 1931 eminent chemist Fritz Paneth maintained that the modern notion of “element” is closely related to (and as “metaphysical” as) the concept of element used by the ancients (e.g., Aristotle). On that basis, the element chlorine (properly so-called) is not the elementary substance dichlorine, but rather chlorine as it is in carbon tetrachloride. The fact that pure chemicals are called “substances” in English (and closely related words are so used in other European languages) derives from philosophical compromises made by (...)
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  23.  91
    Further discussion of split brains and hemispheric capabilities.Joseph E. Bogen - 1977 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 28 (September):281-6.
  24.  97
    Why there is no salt in the sea.Joseph E. Earley - 2004 - Foundations of Chemistry 7 (1):85-102.
    What, precisely, is `salt'? It is a certainwhite, solid, crystalline, material, alsocalled sodium chloride. Does any of that solidwhite stuff exist in the sea? – Clearly not.One can make salt from sea water easily enough,but that fact does not establish thatsalt, as such, is present in brine. (Paper andink can be made into a novel – but no novelactually exists in a stack of blank paper witha vial of ink close by.) When salt dissolves inwater, what is present is no (...)
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  25.  99
    The philosophical logic of Stéphane Lupasco (1900–1988).Joseph E. Brenner - 2010 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 19 (3):243-285.
    The advent of quantum mechanics in the early 20 th Century had profound consequences for science and mathematics, for philosophy (Schrödinger), and for logic (von Neumann). In 1968, Putnam wrote that quantum mechanics required a revolution in our understanding of logic per se. However, applications of quantum logics have been little explored outside the quantum domain. Dummett saw some implications of quantum logic for truth, but few philosophers applied similar intuitions to epistemology or ontology. Logic remained a truth-functional ’science’ of (...)
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  26.  75
    On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness: 1. An Overview.Joseph E. Bogen - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (1):52-62.
    How certain neural mechanisms momentarily endow with the subjective awareness percepts and affects represented elsewhere is more likely to be clarified when structures essential to Mc are identified. The loss of C with bilateral thalmic lesions involving the intralaminar nuclei contrasts with retention of C after large cortical ablations depriving C of specific contents. A role of ILN in the perception of primitive sensations is suggested by their afference of directly ascending pathways. A role for ILN in awareness of cortical (...)
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  27. The other side of the brain: An appositional mind.Joseph E. Bogen - 1968 - Bulletin of the Los Angeles Neurological Society 34:135-62.
  28.  39
    Conspiracy Theories: A Primer.Joseph E. Uscinski - 2020 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    While engaging in rich discussion, Conspiracy Theories analyzes current arguments and evidence while providing real-world examples so students can contextualize and visualize the debates. Each chapter addresses important current questions, provides conceptual tools, defines important terms, and introduces the appropriate methods of analysis.
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  29.  77
    Some neurophysiologic aspects of consciousness.Joseph E. Bogen - 1997 - Seminars in Neurology 17:95-103.
  30.  89
    Process in Reality: A logical offering.Joseph E. Brenner - 2005 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 14 (2):165-202.
    The conjunction of process and reality is familiar from the original theory of A. N. Whitehead and the subsequent development of process philosophy and metaphysics by Nicholas Rescher. Classical logic, however, is either ignored or stated to be inappropriate to a discussion of process. In this paper, I will show that the value of a process view of reality can be enhanced by reference to a new, transconsistent logic of reality that is grounded in the physical properties of energy in (...)
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  31. On the neurophysiology of consciousness, part I: An overview.Joseph E. Bogen - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4:52-62.
  32. Ontologically significant aggregation: Process structural realism (PSR).Joseph E. Earley - 2008 - In Michel Weber and Will Desmond (ed.), Handbook of Whiteheadian Process Thought. De Gruyter. pp. 2--179.
    Combinations of molecules, of biological individuals, or of chemical processes can produce effects that are not simply attributable to the constituents. Such non-redundant causality warrants recognition of those coherences as ontologically significant whenever that efficacy is relevant. With respect to such interaction, the effective coherence is more real than are the components. This ontological view is a variety of structural realism and is also a kind of process philosophy. The designation ‘process structural realism’ (PSR) seems appropriate.
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  33.  47
    The Extended-Expert-As-Teacher (EEAT) Model: A Defense of De Cruz.Joseph E. Blado - 2021 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 98 (3):412-435.
    Recently, social epistemologists have sought to establish what the governing epistemic relationship should be between novices and experts. In this paper, I argue for, and expand upon, Helen De Cruz’s expert-as-teacher model. For although this model is vulnerable to significant challenges, I propose that a specifically extended version can sufficiently overcome these challenges (call this the “extended-expert-as-teacher” model, or the “EEAT” model). First, I show the respective weaknesses of three influential models in the literature. Then, I argue the expert-as-teacher model (...)
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  34.  12
    The edge effect in nanoindentation.Joseph E. Jakes & Donald S. Stone - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (7-9):1387-1399.
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  35.  93
    Logic in reality.Joseph E. Brenner - 2008 - Dordrecht: Springer.
    The work is the presentation of a logical theory - Logic in Reality (LIR) - and of applications of that theory in natural science and philosophy, including ...
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  36. Life in the Interstices: Systems Biology and Process Thought.Joseph E. Earley - 2014 - In Spyridon A. Koutroufinis (ed.), Life and Process: Towards a New Biophilosophy. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 157-170.
    When a group of processes achieves such closure that a set of states of affairs recurs continually, then the effect of that coherence on the world differs from what would occur in the absence of that closure. Such altered effectiveness is an attribute of the system as a whole, and would have consequences. This indicates that the network of processes, as a unit, has ontological significance. Whenever a network of processes generates continual return to a limited set of states of (...)
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  37.  50
    The consciousness of being conscious.E. D. Joseph - 1987 - Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association 35:5-22.
  38.  77
    Chemical "substances" that are not "chemical substances".Sr Joseph E. Earley - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):841-852.
    The main scientific problems of chemical bonding were solved half a century ago, but adequate philosophical understanding of chemical combination is yet to be achieved. Chemists routinely use important terms ("element," "atom," "molecule," "substance") with more than one meaning. This can lead to misunderstandings. Eliminativists claim that what seems to be a baseball breaking a window is merely the action of "atoms, acting in concert." They argue that statues, baseballs, and similar macroscopic things "do not exist." When macroscopic objects like (...)
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  39. On Behalf of the Neighbor: a Rejection of the Complementarity of Just-War Theory and Pacifism.Joseph E. Capizzi - 2001 - Studies in Christian Ethics 14 (2):87-108.
  40.  34
    The Principle of Authority.Joseph E. Douglas - 1939 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 14 (2):185-188.
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  41. The Epistemology of Fact Checking.Joseph E. Uscinski & Ryden W. Butler - 2013 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 25 (2):162-180.
    Fact checking has become a prominent facet of political news coverage, but it employs a variety of objectionable methodological practices, such as treating a statement containing multiple facts as if it were a single fact and categorizing as accurate or inaccurate predictions of events yet to occur. These practices share the tacit presupposition that there cannot be genuine political debate about facts, because facts are unambiguous and not subject to interpretation. Therefore, when the black-and-white facts—as they appear to the fact (...)
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  42.  24
    Moral emotions, principles, and the locus of moral perception.Joseph E. Corbi - 2006 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 2 (2):61-80.
    I vindicate the thrust of the particularist position in moral deliberation. this purpose, I focus on some elements that seem to play a crucial role in first-person moral deliberation and argue that they cannot be incorporated into a more sophisticated system of moral principles. More specifically, I emphasize some peculiarities of moral perception in the light of which I defend the irreducible deliberative relevance of a certain phenomenon, namely: the phenomenon of an agent morally coming across a particular situation. Following (...)
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  43.  25
    Organizational Meeting Orientation: Setting the Stage for Team Success or Failure Over Time.Joseph E. Mroz, Nicole Landowski, Joseph Andrew Allen & Cheryl Fernandez - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  44.  5
    Managing Diversity Flashpoints in Higher Education.Joseph E. Garcia & Karen J. Hoelscher - 2007 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Covering a timely topic, which is more and more frequently in the news, this book offers vignettes that will sharpen the reader's ability to recognize and respond to difficult situations sparked by identity differences among faculty, staff, and students in college and university settings. The authors provide a systematic guide to addressing interpersonal conflicts that arise out of issues of identity difference, both for individuals and for campus work teams who provide direct service to students. Managing Diversity Flashpoints in Higher (...)
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  45.  15
    Group Lending, Joint Liability, and Social Capital: Insights From the Indian Microfinance Crisis.Joseph E. Stiglitz & Antara Haldar - 2016 - Politics and Society 44 (4):459-497.
    This article grapples with the causes of India’s microfinance crisis. By contrasting Bangladesh’s highly successful Grameen model with the allegedly “universalizable” version of India’s SKS Microfinance, trust or social capital is isolated—not just narrowly interpreted within standard economic theory, but more broadly construed—as the essential element accounting for the early success of microfinance. It is argued that the microfinance experience has been widely misinterpreted, in both analytical and policy terms. This article suggests inherent limits in extending the model to for-profit (...)
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  46.  40
    Self-Organization and Agency.Joseph E. Earley - 1981 - Process Studies 11 (4):242-258.
    Nature abounds in compound individuals. Discrete, functioning entities are made up of components which are, in some sense, also individuals. Scientists sometimes need to be concerned with whether aggregates (e.g.. species of plants) or components (e.g., quarks) exist. but such questions are not generally regarded as having great importance for science. It has often happened, however, that scientific developments have had major significance for subsequent philosophical discussion of problems of the one and the many. Recently, there has been considerable increase (...)
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  47. The Nature of Chemical Existence.Joseph E. Earley - 1992 - In Editors Paul Bogaard and Gordon Treash (ed.), Metaphysics as Foundation. State University of New York Press. pp. 272-284.
  48.  24
    The logical process of model-based reasoning.Joseph E. Brenner - 2010 - In W. Carnielli L. Magnani (ed.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. pp. 333--358.
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  49. A neglected aspect of the puzzle of chemical structure: how history helps.Joseph E. Earley - 2012 - Foundations of Chemistry 14 (3):235-243.
    Intra-molecular connectivity (that is, chemical structure) does not emerge from computations based on fundamental quantum-mechanical principles. In order to compute molecular electronic energies (of C 3 H 4 hydrocarbons, for instance) quantum chemists must insert intra-molecular connectivity “by hand.” Some take this as an indication that chemistry cannot be reduced to physics: others consider it as evidence that quantum chemistry needs new logical foundations. Such discussions are generally synchronic rather than diachronic —that is, they neglect ‘historical’ aspects. However, systems of (...)
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  50.  40
    The Anatomy of a Murder: Who Killed America's Economy?Joseph E. Stiglitz - 2009 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 21 (2-3):329-339.
    ABSTRACT The main cause of the crisis was the behavior of the banks—largely a result of misguided incentives unrestrained by good regulation. Conservative ideology, along with unrealistic economic models of perfect information, perfect competition, and perfect markets, fostered lax regulation, and campaign contributions helped the political process along. The banks misjudged risk, wildly overleveraged, and paid their executives handsomely for being short‐sighted; lax regulation let them get away with it—putting at risk the entire economy. The mortgage brokers neglected due diligence, (...)
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