Results for 'Joseph E. LeDoux'

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  1.  29
    Cognitive-Emotional Interactions in the Brain.Joseph E. Ledoux - 1989 - Cognition and Emotion 3 (4):267-289.
  2.  67
    The Slippery Slope of Fear.Joseph E. LeDoux - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (4):155-156.
    'Fear' is used scientifically in two ways, which causes confusion: it refers to conscious feelings and to behavioral and physiological responses. Restricting the use of 'fear' to denote feelings and using 'threat-induced defensive reactions' for the responses would help avoid misunderstandings about the brain mechanisms involved.
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  3.  21
    Semantics, Surplus Meaning, and the Science of Fear.Joseph E. LeDoux - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (5):303-306.
    When subjective state words are used to describe behaviors, or brain circuits that control them nonconsciously, the behaviors and circuits take on properties of the subjective state. Research on fear illustrates the problems that can result. Subjective state words should be limited to the description of inner experiences, and avoided when referring to circuits underlying nonsubjectively controlled behaviors.
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  4.  8
    Comment: What’s Basic About the Brain Mechanisms of Emotion?Joseph E. LeDoux - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (4):318-320.
    While it is common to think that neuroscientists are proponents of basic emotions theory, this is not necessarily the case. My ideas, for example are more aligned with cognitive than basic emotions theories.
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  5.  35
    The Brain and the Split Brain: A Duel with Duality as a Model of Mind.Joseph E. LeDoux & Michael S. Gazzaniga - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):109-110.
  6.  15
    Cognition Versus Emotion, Again-This Time in the Brain: A Response to Parrott and Schulkin.Joseph E. Ledoux - 1993 - Cognition and Emotion 7 (1):61-64.
  7. Understanding the Higher-Order Approach to Consciousness.Richard Brown, Hakwan Lau & Joseph E. LeDoux - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (9):754-768.
    Critics have often misunderstood the higher-order theory (HOT) of consciousness. Here we clarify its position on several issues, and distinguish it from other views such as the global The higher-order theory (HOT) of consciousness has often been misunderstood by critics. Here we clarify its position on several issues, and distinguish it from other views such as the global workspace theory (GWT) and early sensory models (e.g. first-order local recurrency theories). For example, HOT has been criticized for over-intellectualizing consciousness. We show (...)
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  8.  8
    Common Brain Regions Essential for the Expression of Learned and Instinctive Visual Habits in the Albino Rat.Robert Thompson & Joseph E. Ledoux - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (2):78-80.
  9.  34
    Is It Time to Invoke Multiple Fear Learning Systems in the Amygdala?Karim Nader & Joseph E. LeDoux - 1997 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (7):241-244.
  10.  11
    The Contribution of the Amygdala to Aversive and Appetitive Pavlovian Processes.Justin M. Moscarello & Joseph E. LeDoux - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (3):248-253.
    Pavlovian cues predict the occurrence of motivationally salient outcomes, thus serving as an important trigger of approach and avoidance behavior. The amygdala is a key substrate of Pavlovian conditioning, and the nature of its contribution varies by the motivational valence of unconditioned stimuli. The literature on aversive Pavlovian learning supports a serial-processing model of amygdalar function, while appetitive studies suggest that Pavlovian associations are processed through parallel circuits in the amygdala. It is proposed that serial and parallel forms of information (...)
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  11. Emotions: How I've Looked for Them in the Brain.Joseph E. LeDoux - 2002 - In Robert J. Russell (ed.), Neuroscience and the Person: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action. Center for Ttheology and the Natural Sciences. pp. 41--56.
     
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  12. Emotions-A View Through the Brain.Joseph E. LeDoux - 2002 - In Robert J. Russell (ed.), Neuroscience and the Person: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action. Center for Ttheology and the Natural Sciences. pp. 101--118.
     
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  13. The Self - Ancient and Modern.Timothy J. Reiss, Joseph E. Ledoux, Matthew S. Santirocco, Phillip Mitsis & Eva Cantarella - 2000 - New York University Press.
     
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  14.  16
    Emotional Plasticity.Glenn E. Schafe & Joseph E. Ledoux - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
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  15.  11
    A Stereotaxic Map of Brainstem Areas Critical for Locomotor Responses in a Novel Environment.Robert Thompson & Joseph E. Ledoux - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (3):327-328.
  16.  7
    Stereotaxic Mapping of Brainstem Areas Critical for the Expression of the Rodent’s Preference for the Dark.Robert Thompson & Joseph E. Ledoux - 1976 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 8 (6):472-474.
  17.  10
    Brightness Discrimination Loss After Lesions of the Corpus Striatum in the White Rat.Robert Thompson, Holly Chetta & Joseph E. Ledoux - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 3 (4):293-295.
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  18.  24
    Emotional Circuits and Computational Neuroscience.Jean-Marc Fellous, Jorge L. Armony & Joseph E. LeDoux - 2002 - In M. Arbib (ed.), The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks. MIT Press. pp. 2.
  19.  63
    Further Discussion of Split Brains and Hemispheric Capabilities.Joseph E. Bogen - 1977 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 28 (September):281-6.
  20.  74
    Logic in Reality.Joseph E. Brenner - 2008 - Springer.
    The work is the presentation of a logical theory - Logic in Reality (LIR) - and of applications of that theory in natural science and philosophy, including ...
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  21.  20
    The Anatomy of a Murder: Who Killed America's Economy?Joseph E. Stiglitz - 2009 - Critical Review 21 (2-3):329-339.
    ABSTRACT The main cause of the crisis was the behavior of the banks?largely a result of misguided incentives unrestrained by good regulation. Conservative ideology, along with unrealistic economic models of perfect information, perfect competition, and perfect markets, fostered lax regulation, and campaign contributions helped the political process along. The banks misjudged risk, wildly overleveraged, and paid their executives handsomely for being short?sighted; lax regulation let them get away with it?putting at risk the entire economy. The mortgage brokers neglected due diligence, (...)
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  22.  53
    On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness, Part II: Constraining the Semantic Problem.Joseph E. Bogen - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):137-58.
    The main idea in this series of essays is that subjective awareness depends upon the intralaminar nuclei of each thalmus. This implies that the internal structure and external relations of ILN make subjective awareness possible. An array of material relevant to this proposal was briefly reviewed in Part I. This Part II considers in more detail some semantic aspects and a bit of philosophic background as these pertain to propositions 0, 1, and 2 of Part I. Part II should be (...)
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  23.  58
    Why There is No Salt in the Sea.Joseph E. Earley - 2004 - Foundations of Chemistry 7 (1):85-102.
    What, precisely, is `salt'? It is a certainwhite, solid, crystalline, material, alsocalled sodium chloride. Does any of that solidwhite stuff exist in the sea? – Clearly not.One can make salt from sea water easily enough,but that fact does not establish thatsalt, as such, is present in brine. (Paper andink can be made into a novel – but no novelactually exists in a stack of blank paper witha vial of ink close by.) When salt dissolves inwater, what is present is no (...)
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  24. The Other Side of the Brain: An Appositional Mind.Joseph E. Bogen - 1968 - Bulletin of the Los Angeles Neurological Society 34:135-62.
  25.  29
    The Epistemology of Fact Checking.Joseph E. Uscinski & Ryden W. Butler - 2013 - Critical Review 25 (2):162-180.
    ABSTRACT Fact checking has become a prominent facet of political news coverage, but it employs a variety of objectionable methodological practices, such as treating a statement containing multiple facts as if it were a single fact and categorizing as accurate or inaccurate predictions of events yet to occur. These practices share the tacit presupposition that there cannot be genuine political debate about facts, because facts are unambiguous and not subject to interpretation. Therefore, when the black-and-white facts?as they appear to the (...)
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  26.  29
    Theories Are Buildings Revisited.Joseph E. Grady - 1997 - Cognitive Linguistics 8 (4):267-290.
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  27.  12
    Emotional Coloration of Consciousness: How Feelings Come About.Joseph LeDoux - 2008 - In Lawrence Weiskrantz & Martin Davies (eds.), Frontiers of Consciousness. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 69-130.
  28. On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness, Part I: An Overview.Joseph E. Bogen - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4:52-62.
  29.  70
    How Chemistry Shifts Horizons: Element, Substance, and the Essential.Joseph E. Earley - 2009 - Foundations of Chemistry 11 (2):65-77.
    In 1931 eminent chemist Fritz Paneth maintained that the modern notion of “element” is closely related to (and as “metaphysical” as) the concept of element used by the ancients (e.g., Aristotle). On that basis, the element chlorine (properly so-called) is not the elementary substance dichlorine, but rather chlorine as it is in carbon tetrachloride. The fact that pure chemicals are called “substances” in English (and closely related words are so used in other European languages) derives from philosophical compromises made by (...)
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  30.  24
    Categories, Concepts, and Conditioning: How Humans Generalize Fear.Joseph E. Dunsmoor & Gregory L. Murphy - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (2):73-77.
  31.  33
    A Neuroscientist’s Perspective on Debates About the Nature of Emotion.Joseph LeDoux - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (4):375-379.
    The target articles by Dixon (2012), Scarantino (2012), and Mulligan and Scherer (2012) explore the nature of emotion from philosophical and psychological perspectives. I discuss how neuroscience can also contribute to debates about the nature of emotion. I focus on the aspects of emotion that usually fall within the topic of basic emotions, but conclude that we may need to revise how we conceive and study these kinds of emotional states in relation to the brain.
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  32. A Higher-Order Theory of Emotional Consciousness.Richard Brown & Joseph LeDoux - 2017 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.
    Emotional states of consciousness, or what are typically called emotional feelings, are traditionally viewed as being innately programed in subcortical areas of the brain, and are often treated as different from cognitive states of consciousness, such as those related to the perception of external stimuli. We argue that conscious experiences, regardless of their content, arise from one system in the brain. On this view, what differs in emotional and non-emotional states is the kind of inputs that are processed by a (...)
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  33.  51
    On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness: 1. An Overview.Joseph E. Bogen - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (1):52-62.
    How certain neural mechanisms momentarily endow with the subjective awareness percepts and affects represented elsewhere is more likely to be clarified when structures essential to Mc are identified. The loss of C with bilateral thalmic lesions involving the intralaminar nuclei contrasts with retention of C after large cortical ablations depriving C of specific contents. A role of ILN in the perception of primitive sensations is suggested by their afference of directly ascending pathways. A role for ILN in awareness of cortical (...)
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  34.  49
    The Philosophical Logic of Stéphane Lupasco (1900–1988).Joseph E. Brenner - 2010 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 19 (3):243-285.
    The advent of quantum mechanics in the early 20 th Century had profound consequences for science and mathematics, for philosophy (Schrödinger), and for logic (von Neumann). In 1968, Putnam wrote that quantum mechanics required a revolution in our understanding of logic per se. However, applications of quantum logics have been little explored outside the quantum domain. Dummett saw some implications of quantum logic for truth, but few philosophers applied similar intuitions to epistemology or ontology. Logic remained a truth-functional ’science’ of (...)
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  35.  45
    Cognitive-Emotional Interactions: Listen to the Brain.Joseph Ledoux - 2000 - In Richard D. R. Lane, L. Nadel, G. L. Ahern, J. Allen & Alfred W. Kaszniak (eds.), Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion. Oxford University Press. pp. 129--155.
  36.  61
    Know Thyself: Well-Being and Subjective Experience.Joseph LeDoux, Richard Brown, Daniel S. Pine & Stefan G. Hofmann - 2018 - Cerebrum (2018).
  37. A Neglected Aspect of the Puzzle of Chemical Structure: How History Helps.Joseph E. Earley - 2012 - Foundations of Chemistry 14 (3):235-243.
    Intra-molecular connectivity (that is, chemical structure) does not emerge from computations based on fundamental quantum-mechanical principles. In order to compute molecular electronic energies (of C 3 H 4 hydrocarbons, for instance) quantum chemists must insert intra-molecular connectivity “by hand.” Some take this as an indication that chemistry cannot be reduced to physics: others consider it as evidence that quantum chemistry needs new logical foundations. Such discussions are generally synchronic rather than diachronic —that is, they neglect ‘historical’ aspects. However, systems of (...)
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  38.  13
    The Epistemology of Fact Checking : Rejoinder to Amazeen.Joseph E. Uscinski - 2015 - Critical Review 27 (2):243-252.
    ABSTRACTMichelle Amazeen's rebuttal of Uscinski and Butler 2013 is unsuccessful. Amazeen's attempt to infer the accuracy of fact checks from their agreement with each other fails on its own terms and, in any event, could as easily be explained by fact checkers’ political biases as their common access to the objective truth. She also ignores the distinction between verifiable facts and unverifiable claims about the future, as well as contestable claims about the causes of political, social, and economic phenomena. The (...)
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  39.  24
    Would Introductory Chemistry Courses Work Better with a New Philosophical Basis?Joseph E. Earley - 2004 - Foundations of Chemistry 6 (3):137-160.
    One of the main functions that introductory chemistry courses have fulfilled during the past century has been to provide evidence for the general validity of 'the atomic hypothesis.' A second function has been to demonstrate that an analytical approach has wide applicability in rationalizing many kinds of phenomena. Following R.G. Collingwood, these two functions can be recognized as related to a philosophical 'cosmology' (worldview, weltanshauung) that became dominant in the later Renaissance. Recent developments in many areas of science, and in (...)
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  40.  68
    Some Neurophysiologic Aspects of Consciousness.Joseph E. Bogen - 1997 - Seminars in Neurology 17:95-103.
  41.  6
    On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness: Part II. Constraining the Semantic Problem.Joseph E. Bogen - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):137-158.
  42.  49
    A Logic of Ethical Information.Joseph E. Brenner - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (1-2):109-133.
    The work of Luciano Floridi lies at the interface of philosophy, information science and technology, and ethics, an intersection whose existence and significance he was one of the first to establish. His closely related concepts of a philosophy of information, informational structural realism, information logic, and information ethics provide a new ontological perspective from which moral concerns can be addressed, especially but not limited to those arising in connection with the new information and communication technologies. In this paper, I relate (...)
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  43.  60
    Process in Reality: A Logical Offering.Joseph E. Brenner - 2005 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 14 (2):165-202.
    The conjunction of process and reality is familiar from the original theory of A. N. Whitehead and the subsequent development of process philosophy and metaphysics by Nicholas Rescher. Classical logic, however, is either ignored or stated to be inappropriate to a discussion of process. In this paper, I will show that the value of a process view of reality can be enhanced by reference to a new, transconsistent logic of reality that is grounded in the physical properties of energy in (...)
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  44. On Behalf of the Neighbor: A Rejection of the Complementarity of Just-War Theory and Pacifism.Joseph E. Capizzi - 2001 - Studies in Christian Ethics 14 (2):87-108.
  45.  53
    Chemical "Substances" That Are Not "Chemical Substances".Sr Joseph E. Earley - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):841-852.
    The main scientific problems of chemical bonding were solved half a century ago, but adequate philosophical understanding of chemical combination is yet to be achieved. Chemists routinely use important terms ("element," "atom," "molecule," "substance") with more than one meaning. This can lead to misunderstandings. Eliminativists claim that what seems to be a baseball breaking a window is merely the action of "atoms, acting in concert." They argue that statues, baseballs, and similar macroscopic things "do not exist." When macroscopic objects like (...)
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  46.  20
    On the Plausibility of the Papacy: Scaling the Walls of Contemporary Criticisms.Joseph E. Blado - 2019 - Heythrop Journal.
    Recently, there has been a resurgence of scholarly criticisms regarding the plausibility of the Roman Catholic doctrine of the Papacy. Broadly speaking, these problems include scholarly criticisms of the scriptural passages which Roman Catholic theologians claim support the papacy, historical discrepancies regarding apostolic succession from the Apostle Peter, and a priori intuitions about the moral nature of those who attain Papal Status. In this paper, I respond to these objections by utilizing Swinburne’s C-inductive strategy (Bayesian Confirmation Theory) – found in (...)
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  47.  83
    Three Concepts of Chemical Closure and Their Epistemological Significance.Joseph E. Earley - 2013 - In Jean-Pierre Llored (ed.), The Philosophy of Chemistry: Practices, Methodology, and Concepts. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 506-616.
    Philosophers have long debated ‘substrate’ and ‘bundle’ theories as to how properties hold together in objects ― but have neglected to consider that every chemical entity is defined by closure of relationships among components ― here designated ‘Closure Louis de Broglie.’ That type of closure underlies the coherence of spectroscopic and chemical properties of chemical substances, and is importantly implicated in the stability and definition of entities of many other types, including those usually involved in philosophic discourse ― such as (...)
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  48.  46
    Life in the Interstices: Systems Biology and Process Thought.Joseph E. Earley - 2014 - In Spyridon A. Koutroufinis (ed.), Life and Process: Towards a New Biophilosophy. De Gruyter. pp. 157-170.
    When a group of processes achieves such closure that a set of states of affairs recurs continually, then the effect of that coherence on the world differs from what would occur in the absence of that closure. Such altered effectiveness is an attribute of the system as a whole, and would have consequences. This indicates that the network of processes, as a unit, has ontological significance. Whenever a network of processes generates continual return to a limited set of states of (...)
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  49.  20
    Self-Organization and Agency.Joseph E. Earley - 1981 - Process Studies 11 (4):242-258.
    Nature abounds in compound individuals. Discrete, functioning entities are made up of components which are, in some sense, also individuals. Scientists sometimes need to be concerned with whether aggregates (e.g.. species of plants) or components (e.g., quarks) exist. but such questions are not generally regarded as having great importance for science. It has often happened, however, that scientific developments have had major significance for subsequent philosophical discussion of problems of the one and the many. Recently, there has been considerable increase (...)
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  50.  18
    Classical Conditioning of the Rabbit Eyelid Response with Mossy Fiber Stimulation as the Conditioned Stimulus.Joseph E. Steinmetz, David G. Lavond & Richard F. Thompson - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (3):245-248.
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