Results for 'Laura E. Schulz'

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  1.  30
    The Naïve Utility Calculus: Computational Principles Underlying Commonsense Psychology.Julian Jara-Ettinger, Hyowon Gweon, Laura E. Schulz & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (8):589-604.
  2.  18
    Causal Learning Mechanisms in Very Young Children: Two-, Three-, and Four-Year-Olds Infer Causal Relations From Patterns of Variation and Covariation.Clark Glymour, Alison Gopnik, David M. Sobel & Laura E. Schulz - unknown
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  3.  14
    Children’s Understanding of the Costs and Rewards Underlying Rational Action.Julian Jara-Ettinger, Hyowon Gweon, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & Laura E. Schulz - 2015 - Cognition 140:14-23.
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  4.  16
    Where Science Starts: Spontaneous Experiments in Preschoolers’ Exploratory Play.Claire Cook, Noah D. Goodman & Laura E. Schulz - 2011 - Cognition 120 (3):341-349.
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  5.  18
    Going Beyond the Evidence: Abstract Laws and Preschoolers’ Responses to Anomalous Data.Laura E. Schulz, Noah D. Goodman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & Adrianna C. Jenkins - 2008 - Cognition 109 (2):211-223.
  6.  22
    Just Do It? Investigating the Gap Between Prediction and Action in Toddlers’ Causal Inferences.Elizabeth Baraff Bonawitz, Darlene Ferranti, Rebecca Saxe, Alison Gopnik, Andrew N. Meltzoff, James Woodward & Laura E. Schulz - 2010 - Cognition 115 (1):104-117.
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  7.  7
    The Naïve Utility Calculus: Computational Principles Underlying Commonsense Psychology.Julian Jara-Ettinger, Hyowon Gweon, Laura E. Schulz & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (10):785.
  8.  16
    Sins of Omission: Children Selectively Explore When Teachers Are Under-Informative.Hyowon Gweon, Hannah Pelton, Jaclyn A. Konopka & Laura E. Schulz - 2014 - Cognition 132 (3):335-341.
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  9.  24
    Rational Inference of Beliefs and Desires From Emotional Expressions.Yang Wu, Chris L. Baker, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & Laura E. Schulz - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (3):850-884.
    We investigated people's ability to infer others’ mental states from their emotional reactions, manipulating whether agents wanted, expected, and caused an outcome. Participants recovered agents’ desires throughout. When the agent observed, but did not cause the outcome, participants’ ability to recover the agent's beliefs depended on the evidence they got. When the agent caused the event, participants’ judgments also depended on the probability of the action ; when actions were improbable given the mental states, people failed to recover the agent's (...)
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  10.  21
    Children Understand That Agents Maximize Expected Utilities.Julian Jara-Ettinger, Sammy Floyd, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & Laura E. Schulz - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (11):1574-1585.
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  11.  20
    Is It Me or the World? 16-Month-Olds Distinguish Competing Hypotheses About the Cause of Failed Interventions.Hyowon Gweon & Laura E. Schulz - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2846--2851.
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  12.  11
    The Invisible Hand: Toddlers Connect Probabilistic Events With Agentive Causes.Yang Wu, Paul Muentener & Laura E. Schulz - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (8):1854-1876.
    Children posit unobserved causes when events appear to occur spontaneously. What about when events appear to occur probabilistically? Here toddlers saw arbitrary causal relationships in a fixed, alternating order. The relationships were then changed in one of two ways. In the Deterministic condition, the event order changed ; in the Probabilistic condition, the causal relationships changed. As intended, toddlers looked equally long at both changes. We then introduced a previously unseen candidate cause. Toddlers looked longer at the appearance of a (...)
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  13.  2
    Online Developmental Science to Foster Innovation, Access, and Impact.Mark Sheskin, Kimberly Scott, Candice M. Mills, Elika Bergelson, Elizabeth Bonawitz, Elizabeth S. Spelke, Li Fei-Fei, Frank C. Keil, Hyowon Gweon, Joshua B. Tenenbaum, Julian Jara-Ettinger, Karen E. Adolph, Marjorie Rhodes, Michael C. Frank, Samuel A. Mehr & Laura Schulz - forthcoming - Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  14. Vantagens e limitações das ontologias formais na área biomédica.Stefan Schulz, Holger Stenzhorn, Martin Boeker & Barry Smith - 2009 - RECIIS: Revista Electronica de Comunicacao Informacao, Inovacao Em Saude 3 (1).
    Propomos uma tipologia dos artefatos de representação para as áreas de saúde e ciências biológicas, e a associação dessa tipologia com diferentes tipos de ontologia formal e lógica, chegando a conclusões quanto aos pontos fortes e limitações da ontologia de diferentes tipos de recursos lógicos, enquanto mantemos o foco na lógica descritiva. Consideramos quatro tipos de representação de área: (i) representação léxico-semântica, (ii) representação de tipos de entidades, (iii) representação de conhecimento prévio, e (iv) representação de indivíduos. Defendemos uma clara (...)
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  15.  13
    Catalogue of the Greek MSS. In the Library of the Laura on Mount Athos, with Notices From Other Libraries. By Spyridon of the Laura, Monk and Physician, and Sopheonios Eustratiades, Formerly Archbishop of Leontopolis. Harvard Theological Studies, Xii. Cambridge, Mass.; Paris: Éd. Champion; London: H. Milford. 1925. Pp. Δ′ + 515. £5. 5s. [REVIEW]H. M. E. - 1926 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 46 (1):146-147.
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  16. Contribuições da pesquisa-ação à articulação ensino, pesquisa E extensão na formação de professores.Graziela Giusti Pachane & Almiro Schulz - 2011 - Quaestio: Revista de Estudos Em Educação 13 (2):p - 223.
  17. A Educação Superior nas Mensagens Presidenciais da Primeira República: De Deodoro a Washington Luís, um novo Ideário Político sob Visões Novas de Mundo e de Homem.Maria Cândida de Pádua Coelho & Almir Schulz - 2005 - Quaestio: Revista de Estudos Em Educação 7 (1).
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  18. A General Conceptual Framework for Decoherence in Closed and Open Systems.Mario Castagnino, Roberto Laura & Olimpia Lombardi - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):968-980.
    In this paper we argue that the formalisms for decoherence originally devised to deal just with closed or open systems can be subsumed under a general conceptual framework, in such a way that they cooperate in the understanding of the same physical phenomenon. This new perspective dissolves certain conceptual difficulties of the einselection program but, at the same time, shows that the openness of the quantum system is not the essential ingredient for decoherence. †To contact the authors, please write to: (...)
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  19. Naturaleza y Vida Moral: Marco Tulio Cicerón y Tomás de Aquino.Corso de Estrada & E. Laura - 2008 - Eunsa, Ediciones Universidad de Navarra, S.A..
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  20.  38
    A-B, B-C, a-C Mediation Paradigm: Recall of a-B Following Varying Numbers of Trials of a-C Learning.George E. Weaver & Rudolph W. Schulz - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (1):113.
  21.  3
    Mediation in Paired-Associate Learning.Nan E. McGehee & Rudolph W. Schulz - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (6):565.
  22.  81
    A Theory of Causal Learning in Children: Causal Maps and Bayes Nets.Alison Gopnik, Clark Glymour, Laura Schulz, Tamar Kushnir & David Danks - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (1):3-32.
    We propose that children employ specialized cognitive systems that allow them to recover an accurate “causal map” of the world: an abstract, coherent, learned representation of the causal relations among events. This kind of knowledge can be perspicuously understood in terms of the formalism of directed graphical causal models, or “Bayes nets”. Children’s causal learning and inference may involve computations similar to those for learning causal Bayes nets and for predicting with them. Experimental results suggest that 2- to 4-year-old children (...)
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  23.  27
    The Double-Edged Sword of Pedagogy: Instruction Limits Spontaneous Exploration and Discovery.Elizabeth Bonawitz, Patrick Shafto, Hyowon Gweon, Noah D. Goodman, Elizabeth Spelke & Laura Schulz - 2011 - Cognition 120 (3):322-330.
  24.  63
    Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation.Alison Gopnik & Laura Schulz (eds.) - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Understanding causal structure is a central task of human cognition. Causal learning underpins the development of our concepts and categories, our intuitive theories, and our capacities for planning, imagination and inference. During the last few years, there has been an interdisciplinary revolution in our understanding of learning and reasoning: Researchers in philosophy, psychology, and computation have discovered new mechanisms for learning the causal structure of the world. This new work provides a rigorous, formal basis for theory theories of concepts and (...)
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  25.  93
    The Origins of Inquiry: Inductive Inference and Exploration in Early Childhood.Laura Schulz - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (7):382-389.
  26.  9
    The Relation Between Essentialist Beliefs and Evolutionary Reasoning.Andrew Shtulman & Laura Schulz - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (6):1049-1062.
  27. Data-Mining Probabilists or Experimental Determinists.Thomas Richardson, Laura Schulz & Alison Gopnik - 2007 - In Alison Gopnik & Laura Schulz (eds.), Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation. Oxford University Press. pp. 208--230.
  28. Learning From Doing: Intervention and Causal Inference.Laura Schulz, Tamar Kushnir & Alison Gopnik - 2007 - In Alison Gopnik & Laura Schulz (eds.), Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation. Oxford University Press. pp. 67--85.
  29.  31
    Inferring Hidden Causal Structure.Tamar Kushnir, Alison Gopnik, Chris Lucas & Laura Schulz - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (1):148-160.
    We used a new method to assess how people can infer unobserved causal structure from patterns of observed events. Participants were taught to draw causal graphs, and then shown a pattern of associations and interventions on a novel causal system. Given minimal training and no feedback, participants in Experiment 1 used causal graph notation to spontaneously draw structures containing one observed cause, one unobserved common cause, and two unobserved independent causes, depending on the pattern of associations and interventions they saw. (...)
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  30.  4
    The COVID-19 Pandemic: New Concerns and Connections Between eHealth and Digital Inequalities.Aneka Khilnani, Jeremy Schulz & Laura Robinson - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (3):393-403.
    Purpose Telemedicine has been advancing for decades and is more indispensable than ever in this unprecedented time of the COVID-19 pandemic. As shown, eHealth appears to be effective for routine management of chronic conditions that require extensive and repeated interactions with healthcare professionals, as well as the monitoring of symptoms and diagnostics. Yet much needs to be done to alleviate digital inequalities that stand in the way of making the benefits of eHealth accessible to all. The purpose of this paper (...)
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  31.  24
    System des Transzendentalen Idealismus.Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, Walter Schulz & Walter E. Ehrhardt - 2000 - Felix Meiner Verlag.
    In dieser Schrift begründet Schelling 1800 in methodischer Strenge das Programm seiner Philosophie, d. h. die Notwendigkeit der Zusammenführung von Natur- und Transzendentalphilosophie.
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  32.  5
    Toddlers Infer Unobserved Causes for Spontaneous Events.Paul Muentener & Laura Schulz - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  33.  1
    Digital Inequalities: Contextualizing Problems and Solutions.Laura Robinson, Massimo Ragnedda & Jeremy Schulz - 2020 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 18 (3):323-327.
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  34.  79
    Books in Review.Joseph O'Malley, E. C. Rust, Georce L. Donaldson, Ronald S. Laura & Edward A. Synan - 1976 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (1):317-325.
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  35.  18
    Sensitivity to the Sampling Process Emerges From the Principle of Efficiency.Julian Jara-Ettinger, Felix Sun, Laura Schulz & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S1):270-286.
    Humans can seamlessly infer other people's preferences, based on what they do. Broadly, two types of accounts have been proposed to explain different aspects of this ability. The first account focuses on spatial information: Agents' efficient navigation in space reveals what they like. The second account focuses on statistical information: Uncommon choices reveal stronger preferences. Together, these two lines of research suggest that we have two distinct capacities for inferring preferences. Here we propose that this is not the case, and (...)
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  36.  10
    The Efficiency of Infants' Exploratory Play Is Related to Longer-Term Cognitive Development.Paul Muentener, Elise Herrig & Laura Schulz - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  37.  5
    Corrigendum: The Importance of the Validation of M/EEG With Current Biomarkers in Alzheimer's Disease.Fernando Maestú, Pablo Cuesta, Omar Hasan, Alberto Fernandéz, Michael Funke & Paul E. Schulz - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  38.  19
    Questions for Future Research.Alison Gopnik & Laura Schulz - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (8):371-377.
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  39.  4
    The Importance of the Validation of M/EEG With Current Biomarkers in Alzheimer's Disease.Fernando Maestú, Pablo Cuesta, Omar Hasan, Alberto Fernandéz, Michael Funke & Paul E. Schulz - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  40.  17
    The a-B, B-C, a-C Mediation Paradigm: A-C Performance in the Absence of Study Trials.George E. Weaver, Ronald H. Hopkins & Rudolf W. Schulz - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (4):670.
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  41.  6
    The a-B, B-C, a-C Mediation Paradigm: The Effects of Variation in a-C Study- and Test-Interval Lengths and Strength of a-B or B-C.Rudolph W. Schulz & George E. Weaver - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (2p1):291.
  42.  5
    A German Resource Unit on Recent World History.Julius E. Schulz - 1961 - Educational Theory 11 (2):75-84.
  43.  84
    MACOR, Laura Anna. La fragilità della virtù. Dall'antropologia alla morale e ritorno nell'epoca di Kant. Milano – Udine: Mimesis (collana: Morphé), 2011. ISBN 978-88-5750-441-4. [REVIEW]Nuria Sánchez Madrid - 2012 - Trans/Form/Ação 35 (2).
    El ámbito de los estudios kantianos y, más concretamente, la evaluación del lugar que la antropología ocupa en la arquitectónica del criticismo se verá decididamente beneficiado por esta nueva aportación que la investigadora italiana Laura Anna Macor, investigadora de la Universidad de Padua, dedica al estudio de la influencia ejercida por la filosofía crítica de Kant en el primer Idealismo alemán. El lector interesado en el volumen que reseñamos encontrará ulteriores fuentes de esclarecimiento sobre el objeto de investigación, a (...)
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  44. Johann Joachim Spalding, La vocazione dell'uomo. Prima traduzione con testo tedesco originale a fronte delle edizioni 1748, 1763 e 1794, traduzione, introduzione alla lettura e apparati di Laura Balbiani, saggio introduttivo e note di Giuseppe Landolfi Petrone. [REVIEW]Laura Anna Macor - 2012 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 67 (4):852.
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  45.  46
    Maria Laura Astarita: Avidio Cassio. Pp. 222; 1 map, 1 folding genealogical table. Rome: Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, 1983. Paper. [REVIEW]Fergus Millar - 1985 - The Classical Review 35 (2):412-412.
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  46.  59
    Macor, Laura Anna:" La fragilità della virtù. Dall'antropologia alla morale e ritorno nell'epoca di Kant".Pedro Jesús Teruel - 2013 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 30 (1):245-248.
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  47.  46
    Laura Rizzerio, Clémente di Alessandria e «la physiologia veramente gnostica». Saggio sulle origini e le implicazioni di un'epistemologia e di un'ontologia «cristiane».Jean-Michel Counet - 2000 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 98 (1):154-155.
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  48.  31
    Obstacles to Ethical Decision-Making: Mental Models, Milgram and the Problem of Obedience, Edited by Patricia Werhane, Laura Pincus Hartman, Crina Archer, Elaine E. Englehardt, and Michael S. Pritchard. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013. 260pp. ISBN: 978–1107000032. [REVIEW]Celia Moore - 2015 - Business Ethics Quarterly 25 (1):147-150.
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  49.  33
    Laura Anna Macor: Friedrich Hölderlin. Tra illuminismo e rivoluzione.Stefano Volpato - 2012 - Fichte-Studien 39:189-197.
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  50.  27
    "Philosophical Perspectives on Democracy in the 21st Century," Ed. Ann E. Cudd and Sally J. Schulz[REVIEW]David Meeler - 2014 - Teaching Philosophy 37 (4):550-553.
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