Results for 'Leonore Simon'

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  1.  7
    Institutional Constraints on the Ethics of Expert Testimony.Bruce Sales & Leonore Simon - 1993 - Ethics and Behavior 3 (3-4):231-249.
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  2.  23
    Institutional Constraints on the Ethics of Expert Testimony.Bruce Sales & Leonore Simon - 1993 - Ethics and Behavior 3 (3 & 4):231 – 249.
    We examined the dilemmas posed by the involvement of expert witnesses in court cases and the institutional constraints on the ethics of expert testimony. The causes for the incorporation of bad science into legal decisions, potential solutions to this dilemma, and the limitations of these solutions are considered. We concluded that law, science, and experts must respond to the problems posed by expert witnessing.
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  3.  22
    Why Flying Dogs Are Rare: A General Theory of Luck in Evolutionary Transitions.Leonore Fleming & Robert Brandon - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 49:24-31.
    There is a worry that the ‘major transitions in evolution’ represent an arbitrary group of events. This worry is warranted, and we show why. We argue that the transition to a new level of hierarchy necessarily involves a nonselectionist chance process. Thus any unified theory of evolutionary transitions must be more like a general theory of fortuitous luck, rather than a rigid formulation of expected events. We provide a systematic account of evolutionary transitions based on a second-order regularity of chance (...)
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  4. Simon Tormey Interviews Gerald Cohen.Simon Tormey - 2009 - Contemporary Political Theory 8 (3):351-362.
  5.  27
    The Notion of Limited Perfect Adaptedness in Darwin's Principle of Divergence.Leonore Fleming - 2013 - Perspectives on Science 21 (1):1-22.
    Darwin begins On the Origin of Species by asking the reader to “reflect on the vast diversity of the plants and animals which have been cultivated” (1859, p. 7); almost five-hundred pages later, he closes by having the reader consider the “endless forms most beautiful and wonderful” that have evolved (1859, p. 490). Darwin contemplates diversity throughout the Origin and presents the principle of divergence as a way to explain it. Darwin formulated the principle of divergence around 1857 (Browne 1980), (...)
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  6.  11
    Network Theory and the Formation of Groups Without Evolutionary Forces.Leonore Fleming - 2012 - Evolutionary Biology 39 (1):94-105.
    This paper presents a modified random network model to illustrate how groups can form in the absence of evolutionary forces, assuming groups are collections of entities at any level of organization. This model is inspired by the Zero Force Evolutionary Law, which states that there is always a tendency for diversity and complexity to increase in any evolutionary system containing variation and heredity. That is, in the absence of evolutionary forces, the expectation is a continual increase in diversity and complexity (...)
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  7.  29
    Why We Should Care About Universal Biology.Carlos Mariscal & Leonore Fleming - 2018 - Biological Theory 13 (2):121-130.
    Our understanding of the universe has grown rapidly in recent decades. We’ve discovered evidence of water in nearby planets, discovered planets outside our solar system, mapped the genomes of thousands of organisms, and probed the very origins and limits of life. The scientific perspective of life-as-it-could-be has expanded in part by research in astrobiology, synthetic biology, and artificial life. In the face of such scientific developments, we argue there is an ever-growing need for universal biology, life-as-it-must-be, the multidisciplinary study of (...)
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  8.  90
    On Simulating Simon: His Monomania, and its Sources in Bounded Rationality.Herbert Simon - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 32 (3):501-505.
  9. Carbon Trading: Unethical, Unjust and Ineffective?: Simon Caney and Cameron Hepburn.Simon Caney - 2011 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 69:201-234.
    Cap-and-trade systems for greenhouse gas emissions are an important part of the climate change policies of the EU, Japan, New Zealand, among others, as well as China and Australia. However, concerns have been raised on a variety of ethical grounds about the use of markets to reduce emissions. For example, some people worry that emissions trading allows the wealthy to evade their responsibilities. Others are concerned that it puts a price on the natural environment. Concerns have also been raised about (...)
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  10.  28
    Interview by Simon Cushing.Robert Kane & Simon Cushing - 2017 - Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics (Philosophical Profiles).
    Simon Cushing conducted the following interview with Robert Kane on 24 August 2017.
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  11.  22
    Interview by Simon Cushing.Marya Schechtman & Simon Cushing - 2015 - Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics (Philosophical Profiles).
    Simon Cushing conducted the following interview with Marya Schechtman on 24 June 2015.
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  12.  56
    Interview by Simon Cushing.Elizabeth Anderson & Simon Cushing - 2014 - Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics (Philosophical Profiles).
    Simon Cushing conducted the following interview with Elizabeth Anderson on 18 June 2014.
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  13.  8
    J.-P. Brissot and the Evolution of Pamphlet Literature in the Early 1780s.Leonore Loft - 1993 - History of European Ideas 17 (2-3):265-287.
  14.  33
    Drift Sometimes Dominates Selection, and Vice Versa: A Reply to Clatterbuck, Sober and Lewontin.Robert Brandon & Leonore Fleming - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (4):577-585.
    Clatterbuck et al. (Biol Philos 28: 577–592, 2013) argue that there is no fact of the matter whether selection dominates drift or vice versa in any particular case of evolution. Their reasons are not empirically based; rather, they are purely conceptual. We show that their conceptual presuppositions are unmotivated, unnecessary and overly complex. We also show that their conclusion runs contrary to current biological practice. The solution is to recognize that evolution involves a probabilistic sampling process, and that drift is (...)
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  15.  18
    Interview by Simon Cushing.Eric T. Olson & Simon Cushing - 2016 - Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics (Philosophical Profiles).
    Simon Cushing conducted the following interview with Eric Olson on 1 July 2016.
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  16.  46
    The Sciences of the Artificial.Herbert A. Simon - 1969 - [Cambridge, M.I.T. Press.
    Continuing his exploration of the organization of complexity and the science of design, this new edition of Herbert Simon's classic work on artificial ...
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  17. Infinitely Demanding Anarchism: An Interview with Simon Critchley.Simon Critchley & Seferin James - 2009 - Perspectives: International Postgraduate Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):3-21.
  18.  68
    Simon Bolívar's Republican Imperialism: Another Ideology of American Revolution.Joshua Simon - 2012 - History of Political Thought 33 (2):280-304.
    This article treats the political thought of Simón Bolívar, a leading figure in South America's struggle for independence. It describes Bolívar's ideas by reference to both their broadly Atlantic origins and their specifically American concerns, arguing that they comprise a theory of `republican imperialism', paradoxically proposing an essentially imperial project as a means of winning and consolidating independence from European rule. This basic tension is traced through Bolívar's discussions of revolution, constitutions, and territorial unification, and then used to frame a (...)
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  19.  3
    Das Kursbuch der Luftschifffahrer des Freien Geistes Unter der Lupe. Rezension Zu: Nietzsche-Kommentar, Band 3/1.Leonore Bazinek - 2017 - Nietzscheforschung 24 (1):407-410.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Nietzscheforschung Jahrgang: 24 Heft: 1 Seiten: 407-410.
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  20. Fidelo Leonore.Eric Schwitzgebel - 2008
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  21. The Medicalization of Impotence: Normalizing Phallocentrism.Leonore Tiefer - 1994 - Gender and Society 8 (3):363-377.
    Today, phallocentrism is perpetuated by a flourishing medical construction that focuses exclusively on penile erections as the essence of men's sexual function and satisfaction. This article describes how this medicalization is promoted by urologists, medical industries, mass media, and various entrepreneurs. Many men and women provide a ready audience for this construction because of masculine ideology and gender socialization. While there may be some advantages to this construction, there are major disadvantages to men in terms of the inevitable failure of (...)
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  22. Ruling Passions: A Theory of Practical Reasoning.Simon Blackburn - 1998 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Simon Blackburn puts forward a compelling original philosophy of human motivation and morality. He maintains that we cannot get clear about ethics until we get clear about human nature. So these are the sorts of questions he addresses: Why do we behave as we do? Can we improve? Is our ethics at war with our passions, or is it an upshot of those passions? Blackburn seeks the answers in an exploration of guilt, shame, disgust, and other moral emotions; he (...)
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  23.  91
    Interview - Simon Blackburn.Simon Blackburn - 2008 - The Philosophers' Magazine 40 (40):38-39.
    Cambridge professor Simon Blackburn is best known to the general public as the author of several books of popular philosophy such as  ink, Being Good andTruth: a Guide for the Perplexed. Academic philosophers also know him as the author of one of the most important books of contemporary moral philosophy, Ruling Passions, and as a former editor of the leading journal Mind.
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  24.  25
    Interview - Simon Blackburn.Simon Blackburn - 2008 - The Philosophers' Magazine 40:38-39.
    Cambridge professor Simon Blackburn is best known to the general public as the author of several books of popular philosophy such as  ink, Being Good andTruth: a Guide for the Perplexed. Academic philosophers also know him as the author of one of the most important books of contemporary moral philosophy, Ruling Passions, and as a former editor of the leading journal Mind.
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  25.  38
    Simon, M. „Über Mathematik“.Max Simon - 1908 - Kant-Studien 13 (1-3).
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  26. Essays in Quasi-Realism.Simon Blackburn - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume collects some influential essays in which Simon Blackburn, one of our leading philosophers, explores one of the most profound and fertile of philosophical problems: the way in which our judgments relate to the world. This debate has centered on realism, or the view that what we say is validated by the way things stand in the world, and a variety of oppositions to it. Prominent among the latter are expressive and projective theories, but also a relaxed pluralism (...)
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  27. Women's Work and the Family Economy in Historical Perspective. [REVIEW]Leonore Davidoff - 1993 - Feminist Review 43 (1):93-95.
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  28.  10
    Drosophila Mutants Suggest a Strong Drive Toward Complexity in Evolution.Leonore Fleming & Daniel McShea - 2013 - Evolution and Development 15 (1):53-62.
    The view that complexity increases in evolution is uncontroversial, yet little is known about the possible causes of such a trend. One hypothesis, the Zero Force Evolutionary Law (ZFEL), predicts a strong drive toward complexity, although such a tendency can be overwhelmed by selection and constraints. In the absence of strong opposition, heritable variation accumulates and complexity increases. In order to investigate this claim, we evaluate the gross morphological complexity of laboratory mutants in Drosophila melanogaster, which represent organisms that arise (...)
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  29. Two Dogmas of Biology.Leonore Fleming - 2017 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 9 (2).
    The problem with reductionism in biology is not the reduction, but the implicit attitude of determinism that usually accompanies it. Methodological reductionism is supported by deterministic beliefs, but making such a connection is problematic when it is based on an idea of determinism as fixed predictability. Conflating determinism with predictability gives rise to inaccurate models that overlook the dynamic complexity of our world, as well as ignore our epistemic limitations when we try to model it. Furthermore, the assumption of a (...)
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  30.  6
    Mirabeau and Brissot Review Christian Wilhelm Von Dohm and the Jewish Question.Leonore Loft - 1991 - History of European Ideas 13 (5):605-622.
  31.  7
    The Bible, Culture and Ethics: Trickery in the Narrative of Judah and Tamar.Leonore Pietersen & Willem Fourie - 2015 - Hts Theological Studies 71 (3).
    Using the Bible in Christian ethics is often not as simple as many would expect it to be. This is particularly the case for the use of the Old Testament. Part of the challenge is the complexity of grasping the customs and norms that are reflected in the Old Testament. They are often at odds with what is acceptable in contemporary thinking. In this article, we examine the difficulty of using the Old Testament in Christian ethics by using the narrative (...)
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  32.  6
    Rausch: Simon Critchley Asks How and Why Music Matters.Simon Critchley - 2004 - The Philosophers' Magazine 28:23-28.
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  33.  37
    Simon Keller, Partiality: Princeton University Press, Princeton/Oxford, 2013, $35.00, 176pp.Simon Derpmann - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (2):347-348.
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  34.  19
    Simon Moser.Simon Moser - 1960 - Atti Del XII Congresso Internazionale di Filosofia 2:491-492.
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  35.  10
    Simon Mosek.Simon Moser - 1960 - Atti Del XII Congresso Internazionale di Filosofia 3:477-479.
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  36. Making Objects and Events: A Hylomorphic Theory of Artifacts, Actions, and Organisms.Simon J. Evnine - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Simon J. Evnine explores the view that some objects have matter from which they are distinct but that this distinctness is not due to the existence of anything like a form. He draws on Aristotle's insight that such objects must be understood in terms of an account that links what they are essentially with how they come to exist and what their functions are. Artifacts are the most prominent kind of objects where these three features coincide, and Evnine develops (...)
     
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  37. Justice Beyond Borders: A Global Political Theory.Simon Caney - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    Which political principles should govern global politics? In his new book, Simon Caney engages with the work of philosophers, political theorists, and international relations scholars in order to examine some of the most pressing global issues of our time. Are there universal civil, political, and economic human rights? Should there be a system of supra- state institutions? Can humanitarian intervention be justified?
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  38.  48
    A Plea for Risk: Philip A. Ebert & Simon Robertson.Philip A. Ebert & Simon Robertson - 2013 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 73:45-64.
    Mountaineering is a dangerous activity. For many mountaineers, part of its very attraction is the risk, the thrill of danger. Yet mountaineers are often regarded as reckless or even irresponsible for risking their lives. In this paper, we offer a defence of risk-taking in mountaineering. Our discussion is organised around the fact that mountaineers and non-mountaineers often disagree about how risky mountaineering really is. We hope to cast some light on the nature of this disagreement – and to argue that (...)
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  39.  94
    Experiencing Time.Simon Prosser - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Our engagement with time is a ubiquitous feature of our lives. We are aware of time on many scales, from the briefest flicker of change to the way our lives unfold over many years. But to what extent does this encounter reveal the true nature of temporal reality? To the extent that temporal reality is as it seems, how do we come to be aware of it? And to the extent that temporal reality is not as it seems, why does (...)
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  40. Fair Play: The Ethics of Sport.Robert L. Simon - 2010 - Westview Press.
    Addressing both collegiate and professional sports, the updated edition of Fair Play explores the ethical presuppositions of competitive athletics and their ...
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  41.  37
    Reason in Human Affairs.Herbert Simon - 1983 - Stanford University Press.
    What can reason do for us and what can't it do? This is the question examined by Herbert A. Simon, who received the 1978 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences "for his pioneering work on decision-making processes in economic organizations." The ability to apply reason to the choice of actions is supposed to be one of the defining characteristics of our species. In the first two chapters, the author explores the nature and limits of human reason, comparing and evaluating the (...)
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  42.  40
    Bibliographie d'Yves René Simon. Complément.Anthony O. Simon - 1975 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 73 (18):362-367.
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  43. Survey-Driven Romanticism.Simon Cullen - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (2):275-296.
    Despite well-established results in survey methodology, many experimental philosophers have not asked whether and in what way conclusions about folk intuitions follow from people’s responses to their surveys. Rather, they appear to have proceeded on the assumption that intuitions can be simply read off from survey responses. Survey research, however, is fraught with difficulties. I review some of the relevant literature—particularly focusing on the conversational pragmatic aspects of survey research—and consider its application to common experimental philosophy surveys. I argue for (...)
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  44.  36
    Discurso Pronunciado Por Simón Bolívar Ante El Congreso de Venezuela En Angostura, 15 de Febrero de 1819.Simón Bolívar - 2019 - Co-herencia 16 (31):397-424.
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  45.  52
    Comments on Simon Critchley's Infinitely Demanding.Simon Critchley - 2008 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 12 (2):9-17.
  46.  6
    The New Vanguard: Simon Glendinning.Simon Glendinning - 2002 - The Philosophers' Magazine 18:43-43.
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  47. Interview by Simon Cushing.Susan Wolf & Simon Cushing - 2016 - Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics (Philosophical Profiles).
    Simon Cushing conducted the following interview with Susan Wolf on 29 July 2016.
     
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  48.  42
    Adorno: A Critical Introduction.Simon Jarvis - 1998 - Polity Press.
    Simon Jarvis shows how a re-examination of Adorno's work from the perspective of classical German philosophy allows us to achieve a fuller understanding of all ...
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  49. Acquaintance with the Absolute: The Philosophy of Yves R. Simon: Essays and Bibliography.Anthony O. Simon (ed.) - 1998 - Fordham University Press.
    Acquaintance with the Absolute is the first collected volume of essays devoted to the thought of Yves r. Simon, a thinker widely regarded as one of the great teachers and philosophers of our time. Each piece in this collection of essays thoughtfully complements the others to offer a qualifiedly panoramic look at the work and thought of philosopher Yves R. Simon. The six essays presented not only treat some major areas of Simon’s thought, pointing out their lucidity (...)
     
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  50.  38
    Precautionary Criminalisation in an Age of Vulnerable Autonomy: Review of Regulating Deviance: The Redirection of Criminalisation and the Futures of Criminal Law, Edited by Bernadette McSherry, Alan Norrie, and Simon Bronitt : ISBN 978-1-841113-890-9.Jonathan Simon - 2012 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (2):277-279.
    Precautionary Criminalisation in an Age of Vulnerable Autonomy Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-3 DOI 10.1007/s11572-012-9142-4 Authors Jonathan Simon, Adrian A Kragen Professor of Law, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA Journal Criminal Law and Philosophy Online ISSN 1871-9805 Print ISSN 1871-9791.
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