The motto of pragmatic encroachment is "the practical
encroaches on the epistemic". This pragmatic approach
is exemplified by those who argue that there are practical
conditions on knowing. However,
proponents of pragmatic encroachment differ in terms of their explanations of how the pragmatic encroaches on knowledge. For example, it has been proposed that there are practical conditions on believing, on evidence and evidential support, and most prominently, on having knowledge-level justification. Arguments for this pragmatic view of knowledge have primarily been grounded in the ordinary use of ‘knows’ as well as the epistemic norms governing action and deliberation. These pragmatic views have been used to address issues related to skepticism, knowledge closure principles, and the value of knowledge.