Results for 'Morten Moth'

278 found
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  1.  51
    Metaphor and Cognition From a Peircean Perspective.Bent Sørensen, Torkild Thellefsen & Morten Moth - 2007 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (3):562 - 574.
    : C. S. Peirce had no theory of metaphor and provided only few remarks concerning the trope. Yet, some of these remarks seem to suggest that Peirce saw metaphor as fundamental to consciousness and thought. In this article we sketch a possible connection between metaphor and cognition; we understand Peircean metaphor as rooted in abduction; it is part of an intricate relation between experience, body, sign and guessing instinct as a semeiotic mechanism which can convey new insights.
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  2.  34
    An Integration of First-Person Methodologies in Cognitive Science.Overgaard Morten - 2008 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (5):100-120.
    A number of recent publications have argued that a scientific approach to consciousness needs a rigorous approach to first-person data collection. As mainstream experimental psychology has long abandoned such introspective or phenomenological method, there is at present no generally agreed upon method for first-person data collection in experimental consciousness studies. There are, however, a number of recent articles that all claim to provide a unique contribution to such a methodology. This article reviews these suggestions and extracts their core features. It (...)
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  3.  7
    About Science in Modern Western Culture.Lucien Morten - 1987 - Dialectics and Humanism 14 (3):39-47.
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  4. Games Lawyers Play?Hviid Morten - 1997 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 17 (4).
     
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  5.  8
    Taking the Peppered Moth with a Grain of Salt.David Wÿss Rudge - 1999 - Biology and Philosophy 14 (1):9-37.
    H. B. D. Kettlewell's (1955, 1956) classic field experiments on industrial melanism in polluted and unpolluted settings using the peppered moth, Biston betularia, are routinely cited as establishing that the melanic (dark) form of the moth rose in frequency downwind of industrial centers because of the cryptic advantage dark coloration provides against visual predators in soot-darkened environments. This paper critiques three common myths surrounding these investigations: (1) that Kettlewell used a model that identified crypsis as the only selective (...)
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  6.  16
    Taking the Peppered Moth with a Grain of Salt.DavidWÿss Rudge - 1999 - Biology and Philosophy 14 (1).
    H. B. D. Kettlewell's (1955, 1956) classic field experiments on industrial melanism in polluted and unpolluted settings using the peppered moth, Biston betularia, are routinely cited as establishing that the melanic (dark) form of the moth rose in frequency downwind of industrial centers because of the cryptic advantage dark coloration provides against visual predators in soot-darkened environments. This paper critiques three common myths surrounding these investigations: (1) that Kettlewell used a model that identified crypsis as the only selective (...)
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  7. Moth Smith, Morton B. Metageometrische Raumtheorien.M. Moth-Smith - 1908 - Kant-Studien 13 (1-3).
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  8. Morten Wormskiold: Botanist: (1783–1845).Jessie M. Sweet M. B. E. B. Sc - 2006 - Annals of Science 28 (3):293-305.
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  9.  6
    Morten Timmermann Korsgaard, Hannah Arendt og pædagogikken.Anders Dræby Sørensen - 2016 - Studier I Pædagogisk Filosofi 4 (2):106-107.
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  10. Form and Content in the Philosophical Dialogue: Dialectic and Dialogue in the Lysis / Morten S. Thaning ; The Laches and 'Joint Search' Dialectic / Holger Thesleff ; The Philosophical Importance of the Dialogue Form for Plato / Charles H. Kahn ; How Did Aristotle Read a Platonic Dialogue?Jakob L. Fink - 2012 - In The Development of Dialectic From Plato to Aristotle. Cambridge University Press.
  11.  14
    On Two Species of Ichneumonidæ Parasitic on the Codling Moth in Cape Colony.P. Cameron - 1905 - Transactions of the South African Philosophical Society 16 (1):337-339.
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  12.  13
    Vii. Note on Tinea Vastella : A South-African Moth Whose Larva Feeds on Horn.Roland Trimen - 1881 - Transactions of the South African Philosophical Society 3 (2):24-26.
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  13.  20
    Anatomy of Fable Morten Nøjgaard: La Fable Antique. Tome I: La Fable Grecque Avant Phèdre. Pp. 600. Copenhagen: Nyt Nordisk Forlag, 1964. Paper. [REVIEW]E. D. Phillips - 1966 - The Classical Review 16 (02):199-200.
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  14. Die Goldbrakteaten der Völkerwanderungszeit, 1/1: Einleitung, by Karl Hauck et al.; 1/2: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 1, Text), by Morten Axboe et al.; 1/3: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 1, Tafeln), ed. Karl Hauck et al.; 2/1: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 2, Text), by Morten Axboe et al.; 2/2: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 2, Tafeln), ed. Karl Hauck et al.(Münstersche Mittelalter-Schriften, 24.) Munich: Wilhelm Fink, 1985–1986. 1/1: pp. 266; 5 plates. 1/2: pp. 360. 1/3: pp. xviii, plus 279 pp. of plates ... [REVIEW]Michael J. Enright - 1988 - Speculum 63 (2):403-406.
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  15. Die Goldbrakteaten der Völkerwanderungszeit, 3/1: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 3, Text), by Morten Axboe et al.; 3/2: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 3, Tafeln), ed. Karl Hauck et al.(Münstersche Mittelalter-Schriften, 24/3.) Munich: Wilhelm Fink, 1989. 3/1: pp. 374; black-and-white figures, tables. 3/2: pp. xvii, 142; many black-and-white plates, tables. DM 380. [REVIEW]Michael J. Enright - 1992 - Speculum 67 (4):968-970.
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  16.  1
    Die Goldbrakteaten der VölkerwanderungszeitKarl Hauck Morten Axboe.Michael J. Enright - 1988 - Speculum 63 (2):403-406.
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  17.  7
    Morten Kyndrup: Den Æstetiske Relation.Sven-Olov Wallenstein - 2010 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 21 (39).
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  18. Morten EJ Nielsen, Ed. Political Questions: 5 Questions on Political Philosophy Reviewed By.Christoph Schmidt-Petri - 2010 - Philosophy in Review 28 (5):359-361.
     
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  19.  2
    REVIEW The Aesthetic Relation: Morten Kyndrup: Den Æstetiske Relation. Copenhagen: Gyldendal, 2008.175 Pages. ISBN 978-87-02-06299-1. [REVIEW]Sven-Olov Wallenstein - 2010 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 21 (39):113-123.
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  20.  1
    Wilhelm Heizmann and Morten Axboe, eds., Die Goldbrakteaten der Völkerwanderungszeit: Auswertung und Neufunde. (Ergänzungsbände zum Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde 40.) Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2011. Pp. xiv, 1026; 102 plates. $280. ISBN: 9783110224115. [REVIEW]Joseph Harris - 2013 - Speculum 88 (1):308-310.
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  21. Robert J. Spear.The Great Gypsy Moth War: The History of the First Campaign in Massachusetts to Eradicate the Gypsy Moth, 1890–1901. Xv + 308 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Amherst/Boston: University of Massachusetts Press, 2005. $35.95. [REVIEW]Christine Keiner - 2006 - Isis 97 (3):582-583.
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  22. The Philosophical Programmer: Reflections on the Moth in the Machine.Daniel Kohanski - 1998 - St. Martin's Press.
  23. Morten E.J. Nielsen, Ed. Political Questions: 5 Questions on Political Philosophy. [REVIEW]Christoph Schmidt-Petri - 2008 - Philosophy in Review 28:359-361.
     
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  24.  56
    Carleton B. Christensen, Self and World: From Analytic Philosophy to Phenomenology. [REVIEW]Morten Thaning - 2010 - Husserl Studies 26 (3):233-243.
    Carleton B. Christensen, Self and World: From Analytic Philosophy to Phenomenology Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s10743-010-9078-2 Authors Morten S. Thaning, Department of Philosophy, Politics, and Management, Copenhagen Business School, Solbjerg Plads 3, 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark Journal Husserl Studies Online ISSN 1572-8501 Print ISSN 0167-9848 Journal Volume Volume 26 Journal Issue Volume 26, Number 3.
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  25. Introspection and Unrevisability: Reply to Commentaries.Murat Aydede & Donald D. Price - 2005 - In Pain: New Essays on its Nature and the Methodology of its Study. Cambridge Ma: Bradford Book/Mit Press.
     
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  26. How Can the Study of the Humanities Inform the Study of Biosemiotics?Donald Favareau, Kalevi Kull, Gerald Ostdiek, Timo Maran, Louise Westling, Paul Cobley, Frederik Stjernfelt, Myrdene Anderson, Morten Tønnessen & Wendy Wheeler - forthcoming - Biosemiotics:1-23.
    This essay – a collection of contributions from 10 scholars working in the field of biosemiotics and the humanities – considers nature in culture. It frames this by asking the question ‘Why does biosemiotics need the humanities?’. Each author writes from the background of their own disciplinary perspective in order to throw light upon their interdisciplinary engagement with biosemiotics. We start with Donald Favareau, whose originary disciplinary home is ethnomethodology and linguistics, and then move on to Paul Cobley’s contribution on (...)
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  27.  23
    Measuring Consciousness: Is One Measure Better Than the Other?Kristian Sandberg, Bert Timmermans, Morten Overgaard & Axel Cleeremans - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1069-1078.
    What is the best way of assessing the extent to which people are aware of a stimulus? Here, using a masked visual identification task, we compared three measures of subjective awareness: The Perceptual Awareness Scale , through which participants are asked to rate the clarity of their visual experience; confidence ratings , through which participants express their confidence in their identification decisions, and Post-decision wagering , in which participants place a monetary wager on their decisions. We conducted detailed explorations of (...)
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  28.  20
    Domain Generality Versus Modality Specificity: The Paradox of Statistical Learning.Ram Frost, Blair C. Armstrong, Noam Siegelman & Morten H. Christiansen - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (3):117-125.
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  29.  52
    Language as Shaped by the Brain.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):489-509.
    It is widely assumed that human learning and the structure of human languages are intimately related. This relationship is frequently suggested to derive from a language-specific biological endowment, which encodes universal, but communicatively arbitrary, principles of language structure (a Universal Grammar or UG). How might such a UG have evolved? We argue that UG could not have arisen either by biological adaptation or non-adaptationist genetic processes, resulting in a logical problem of language evolution. Specifically, as the processes of language change (...)
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  30. Measuring Consciousness: Relating Behavioural and Neurophysiological Approaches.Anil K. Seth, Zoltan Dienes, Axel Cleeremans, Morten Overgaard & Luiz Pessoa - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (8):314-321.
  31.  36
    Women Directors on Corporate Boards: From Tokenism to Critical Mass. [REVIEW]Mariateresa Torchia, Andrea Calabrò & Morten Huse - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 102 (2):299-317.
    Academic debate on the strategic importance of women corporate directors is widely recognized and still open. However, most corporate boards have only one woman director or a small minority of women directors. Therefore they can still be considered as tokens. This article addresses the following question: does an increased number of women corporate boards result in a build up of critical mass that substantially contributes to firm innovation? The aim is to test if ‘at least three women’ could constitute the (...)
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  32.  33
    Is Conscious Perception Gradual or Dichotomous? A Comparison of Report Methodologies During a Visual Task.Morten Overgaard, Julian Rote, Kim Mouridsen & Thomas Zoega Ramsoy - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):700-708.
    In a recent article, [Sergent, C. & Dehaene, S. . Is consciousness a gradual phenomenon? Evidence for an all-or-none bifurcation during the attentional blink, Psychological Science, 15, 720–729] claim to give experimental support to the thesis that there is a clear transition between conscious and unconscious perception. This idea is opposed to theoretical arguments that we should think of conscious perception as a continuum of clarity, with e.g., fringe conscious states [Mangan, B. . Sensation’s ghost—the non-sensory “fringe” of consciousness, Psyche, (...)
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  33. Are There Unconscious Perceptual Processes?Berit Brogaard - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):449-63.
    Blindsight and vision for action seem to be exemplars of unconscious visual processes. However, researchers have recently argued that blindsight is not really a kind of uncon- scious vision but is rather severely degraded conscious vision. Morten Overgaard and col- leagues have recently developed new methods for measuring the visibility of visual stimuli. Studies using these methods show that reported clarity of visual stimuli correlates with accuracy in both normal individuals and blindsight patients. Vision for action has also come (...)
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  34.  78
    Introspection and Subliminal Perception.Thomas Zoega Ramsøy & Morten Overgaard - 2004 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (1):1-23.
    Subliminal perception (SP) is today considered a well-supported theory stating that perception can occur without conscious awareness and have a significant impact on later behaviour and thought. In this article, we first present and discuss different approaches to the study of SP. In doing this, we claim that most approaches are based on a dichotomic measure of awareness. Drawing upon recent advances and discussions in the study of introspection and phenomenological psychology, we argue for both the possibility and necessity of (...)
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  35. Sequential Expectations: The Role of Prediction‐Based Learning in Language.B. Misyak Jennifer, H. Christiansen Morten & Tomblin J. Bruce - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):138-153.
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  36.  37
    Language Evolution: Consensus and Controversies.Morten H. Christiansen & Simon Kirby - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (7):300-307.
  37.  11
    Toward a Connectionist Model of Recursion in Human Linguistic Performance.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (2):157-205.
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  38. Non-Visual Consciousness and Visual Images in Blindsight.Berit Brogaard - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):595-596.
    In a recent response paper to Brogaard (2011a), Morten Overgaard and Thor Grünbaum argue that my case for the claim that blindsight subjects are not visually conscious of the stimuli they correctly identify rests on a mistaken necessary criterion for determining whether a conscious experience is visual or non-visual. Here I elaborate on the earlier argu- ment while conceding that the question of whether blindsight subjects are visually con- scious of the visual stimuli they correctly identify largely is an (...)
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  39. Visual Experience and Blindsight: A Methodological Review.Morten Overgaard - 2011 - Experimental Brain Research 209:473-479.
    Blindsight is classically defined as residual visual capacity, e.g., to detect and identify visual stimuli, in the total absence of perceptual awareness following lesions to V1. However, whereas most experiments have investigated what blindsight patients can and cannot do, the literature contains several, often contradictory, remarks about remaining visual experience. This review examines closer these remarks as well as experiments that directly approach the nature of possibly spared visual experiences in blindsight.
     
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  40.  6
    Uncovering the Richness of the Stimulus: Structure Dependence and Indirect Statistical Evidence.Florencia Reali & Morten H. Christiansen - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (6):1007-1028.
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  41.  2
    Measuring and Testing Awareness of Emotional Face Expressions.Kristian Sandberg, Bo Martin Bibby & Morten Overgaard - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):806-809.
    Comparison of behavioural measures of consciousness has attracted much attention recently. In a recent article, Szczepanowski et al. conclude that confidence ratings predict accuracy better than both the perceptual awareness scale and post-decision wagering when using stimuli with emotional content . Although we find the study interesting, we disagree with the conclusion that CR is superior to PAS because of two methodological issues. First, the conclusion is not based on a formal test. We performed this test and found no evidence (...)
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  42.  14
    The Now-or-Never Bottleneck: A Fundamental Constraint on Language.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39:1-52.
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  43.  7
    Measuring Consciousness: Task Accuracy and Awareness as Sigmoid Functions of Stimulus Duration.Kristian Sandberg, Bo Martin Bibby, Bert Timmermans, Axel Cleeremans & Morten Overgaard - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1659-1675.
    When consciousness is examined using subjective ratings, the extent to which processing is conscious or unconscious is often estimated by calculating task performance at the subjective threshold or by calculating the correlation between accuracy and awareness. However, both these methods have certain limitations. In the present article, we propose describing task accuracy and awareness as functions of stimulus intensity as suggested by Koch and Preuschoff . The estimated lag between the curves describes how much stimulus intensity must increase for awareness (...)
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  44.  3
    Reconciling Current Approaches to Blindsight.Morten Overgaard & Jesper Mogensen - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 32:33-40.
  45.  35
    Networks in Cognitive Science.Andrea Baronchelli, Ramon Ferrer-I.-Cancho, Romualdo Pastor-Satorras, Nick Chater & Morten H. Christiansen - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (7):348-360.
  46.  22
    Consciousness and Modality: On the Possible Preserved Visual Consciousness in Blindsight Subjects.Morten Overgaard & Thor Grünbaum - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1855-1859.
    In a recent paper, Brogaard presents counter-arguments to the conclusions of an experiment with blindsight subject GR. She argues that contrary to the apparent findings that GR’s preserved visual abilities relate to degraded visual experiences, she is in fact fully unconscious of the stimuli she correctly identifies. In this paper, we present arguments and evidence why Brogaard’s argument does not succeed in its purpose. We suggest that not only is relevant empirical evidence in opposition to Brogaard’s argument, her argument misconstrues (...)
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  47.  24
    Lectures on the Curry-Howard Isomorphism.Morten Heine Sørensen - 2007 - Elsevier.
    The Curry-Howard isomorphism states an amazing correspondence between systems of formal logic as encountered in proof theory and computational calculi as found in type theory. For instance, minimal propositional logic corresponds to simply typed lambda-calculus, first-order logic corresponds to dependent types, second-order logic corresponds to polymorphic types, sequent calculus is related to explicit substitution, etc. The isomorphism has many aspects, even at the syntactic level: formulas correspond to types, proofs correspond to terms, provability corresponds to inhabitation, proof normalization corresponds to (...)
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  48.  4
    Four Reasons Why Assisted Dying Should Not Be Offered for Depression.Thomas Blikshavn, Tonje Lossius Husum & Morten Magelssen - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (1):151-157.
    Recently, several authors have argued that assisted dying may be ethically appropriate when requested by a person who suffers from serious depression unresponsive to treatment. We here present four arguments to the contrary. First, the arguments made by proponents of assisted dying rely on notions of “treatment-resistant depression” that are problematic. Second, an individual patient suffering from depression may not be justified in believing that chances of recovery are minimal. Third, the therapeutic significance of hope must be acknowledged; when mental (...)
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  49.  34
    Sequential Learning in Non-Human Primates.Christopher M. Conway & Morten H. Christiansen - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (12):539-546.
  50.  21
    The Differential Role of Phonological and Distributional Cues in Grammatical Categorisation.Padraic Monaghan, Nick Chater & Morten H. Christiansen - 2005 - Cognition 96 (2):143-182.
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