Results for 'Tatsuya Tachibana'

99 found
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  1.  1
    Spinoza on Contemporary Monism: A Further Discussion.Tatsuya Tachibana - 2020 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 29:93-105.
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  2.  23
    The Ethics of Buddhism.S. Tachibana - 1926 - Curzon Press.
    This is the 'Middle Way', with eight qualities or virtues - understanding, thought, speech, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness and concentration - that ...
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  3.  14
    Nonadmirable Moral Exemplars and Virtue Development.Koji Tachibana - 2019 - Journal of Moral Education 48 (3):346-357.
    ABSTRACTLinda Zagzebski’s exemplarist moral theory claims that admiration for a person is a necessary condition for her to be a moral exemplar. I argue that this claim is empirically unsupported. I provide two counterexamples, astronauts and brain data. I demonstrate that they play the role of exemplars well but receive no admiration and, accordingly, are entitled to be called nonadmirable moral exemplars. I conclude that my argument suggests why Aristotle, distinct from Zagzebski, does not emphasise the role of the praiseworthiness (...)
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  4.  15
    Ethics of Decoded Neurofeedback in Clinical Research, Treatment, and Moral Enhancement.Eisuke Nakazawa, Keiichiro Yamamoto, Koji Tachibana, Soichiro Toda, Yoshiyuki Takimoto & Akira Akabayashi - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (2):110-117.
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  5. Experimental Investigation Into Influence of Negative Attitudes Toward Robots on Human–Robot Interaction.Tatsuya Nomura, Takayuki Kanda & Tomohiro Suzuki - 2006 - AI and Society 20 (2):138-150.
    Negative attitudes toward robots are considered as one of the psychological factors preventing humans from interacting with robots in the daily life. To verify their influence on humans‘ behaviors toward robots, we designed and executed experiments where subjects interacted with Robovie, which is being developed as a platform for research on the possibility of communication robots. This paper reports and discusses the results of these experiments on correlation between subjects’ negative attitudes and their behaviors toward robots. Moreover, it discusses influences (...)
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  6.  34
    Measurement of Negative Attitudes Toward Robots.Tatsuya Nomura, Tomohiro Suzuki, Takayuki Kanda & Kensuke Kato - 2006 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 7 (3):437-454.
    A great deal of research has been performed recently on robots that feature functions for communicating with humans in daily life, i.e., communication robots. We consider it important to develop methods to measure humans’ attitudes and emotions that may prevent them from interaction with communication robots, as indices to study short-term and long-term interaction between humans and communication robots. This study is aimed at exploring the influence of negative attitudes toward robots, focusing on applications of communication robots to daily-life services. (...)
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  7.  25
    Do people with social anxiety feel anxious about interacting with a robot?Tatsuya Nomura, Takayuki Kanda, Tomohiro Suzuki & Sachie Yamada - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (2):381-390.
    To investigate whether people with social anxiety have less actual and “anticipatory” anxiety when interacting with a robot compared to interacting with a person, we conducted a 2 × 2 psychological experiment with two factors: social anxiety and interaction partner. The experiment was conducted in a counseling setting where a participant played the role of a client and the robot or the confederate played the role of a counselor. First, we measured the participants’ social anxiety using the Social Avoidance and (...)
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  8.  22
    Democracy Under Uncertainty: The Wisdom of Crowds and the Free-Rider Problem in Group Decision Making.Tatsuya Kameda, Takafumi Tsukasaki, Reid Hastie & Nathan Berg - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (1):76-96.
  9. How Aristotle’s Theory of Education Has Been Studied in Our Century.Koji Tachibana - 2012 - Studia Classica 3:21-67.
  10.  29
    Why Do Children Abuse Robots?Tatsuya Nomura, Takayuki Kanda, Hiroyoshi Kidokoro, Yoshitaka Suehiro & Sachie Yamada - 2016 - Latest Issue of Interaction Studies 17 (3):347-369.
    We found that children sometimes abused a social robot placed in a shopping mall hallway. They verbally abused the robot, repeatedly obstructed its path, and sometimes even kicked and punched the robot. To investigate the reasons for the abuse, we conducted a field study in which we interviewed visiting children who exhibited serious abusive behaviors, including physical contact. We analyzed interview contents to determine whether the children perceived the robot as human-like, why they abused it, and whether they thought that (...)
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  11.  42
    Kripke Completeness of Some Intermediate Predicate Logics with the Axiom of Constant Domain and a Variant of Canonical Formulas.Tatsuya Shimura - 1993 - Studia Logica 52 (1):23 - 40.
    For each intermediate propositional logicJ, J * denotes the least predicate extension ofJ. By the method of canonical models, the strongly Kripke completeness ofJ *+D(=x(p(x)q)xp(x)q) is shown in some cases including:1. J is tabular, 2. J is a subframe logic. A variant of Zakharyashchev's canonical formulas for intermediate logics is introduced to prove the second case.
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  12.  78
    Neurofeedback-Based Moral Enhancement and the Notion of Morality.Koji Tachibana - 2017 - The Annals of the University of Bucharest - Philosophy Series 66 (2):25-41.
    Some skeptics question the very possibility of moral bioenhancement by arguing that if we lack a widely acceptable notion of morality, we will not be able to accept the use of a biotechnological technique as a tool for moral bioenhancement. I will examine this skepticism and argue that the assessment of moral bioenhancement does not require such a notion of morality. In particular, I will demonstrate that this skepticism can be neutralized in the case of recent neurofeedback techniques. This goal (...)
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  13. Neurofeedback-Based Moral Enhancement and Traditional Moral Education.Koji Tachibana - 2018 - Humana Mente 11 (33):19-42.
    Scientific progress in recent neurofeedback research may bring about a new type of moral neuroenhancement, namely, neurofeedback-based moral enhancement; however, this has yet to be examined thoroughly. This paper presents an ethical analysis of the possibility of neurofeedback-based moral enhancement and demonstrates that this type of moral enhancement sheds new light on the moral enhancement debate. First, I survey this debate and extract the typical structural flow of its arguments. Second, by applying structure to the case of neurofeedback-based moral enhancement, (...)
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  14.  7
    Metaphorical Action Retrospectively but Not Prospectively Alters Emotional Judgment.Tatsuya Kato, Shu Imaizumi & Yoshihiko Tanno - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  15.  15
    The Robust Beauty of Majority Rules in Group Decisions.Reid Hastie & Tatsuya Kameda - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (2):494-508.
  16.  14
    Low-Temperature Phase of the Zn–Sc Approximant.T. Ishimasa, Y. Kasano, A. Tachibana, S. Kashimoto & K. Osaka - 2007 - Philosophical Magazine 87 (18-21):2887-2897.
  17.  12
    Ultrasonic Study of the Hidden Order and Heavy-Fermion State in URu2Si2with Hydrostatic Pressure, Rh-Doping, and High Magnetic Fields. [REVIEW]Tatsuya Yanagisawa - 2014 - Philosophical Magazine 94 (32-33):3775-3788.
  18.  8
    A Hobbesian Qualm with Space Settlement.Koji Tachibana - 2019 - Futures 110:28-30.
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  19.  44
    Questionnaire-Based Social Research on Opinions of Japanese Visitors for Communication Robots at an Exhibition.Tatsuya Nomura, Takugo Tasaki, Takayuki Kanda, Masahiro Shiomi, Hiroshi Ishiguro & Norihiro Hagita - 2007 - AI and Society 21 (1-2):167-183.
    This paper reports the results of questionnaire-based research conducted at an exhibition of interactive humanoid robots that was held at the Osaka Science Museum, Japan. The aim of this exhibition was to investigate the feasibility of communication robots connected to a ubiquitous sensor network, under the assumption that these robots will be practically used in daily life in the not-so-distant future. More than 90,000 people visited the exhibition. A questionnaire was given to the visitors to explore their opinions of the (...)
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  20.  5
    Aristotle on Virtue and Friendship.Koji Tachibana - 2018 - Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 2 (2):309-313.
    Aristotle, in his Nicomachean Ethics, considers how one becomes virtuous. However, when asking the question of how, he does not refer to ‘by friend’ as an option; all he refers to are ‘by learning’, ‘by training’, ‘by habituation’, ‘by god’ and ‘by luck’. Why does he not do so? First, I point out the fact that both Aristotle and Plato do not refer to the option of ‘by friend’ when asking the question of how. Second, I argue that Aristotle does (...)
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  21.  8
    The Dual Application of Neurofeedback Technique and the Blurred Lines Between the Mental, the Social, and the Moral.Koji Tachibana - 2018 - Journal of Cognitive Enhancement 2 (4):397-403.
    Recent neuroscience studies have reported that neurofeedback training with the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging enables the regulation of an individual’s cognitive, emotion-related, and behavioral states through a real-time representation of her brain activities. Since this technique has been applied not only to clinical research to, for example, mitigate mental or psychiatric symptoms but also to non-clinical research to, for example, change the cognition or preferences of a so-called healthy participant, neurofeedback-based cognitive and/or moral enhancements may be realized in (...)
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  22.  32
    Kripke Incompleteness of Predicate Extensions of the Modal Logics Axiomatized by a Canonical Formula for a Frame with a Nontrivial Cluster.Tatsuya Shimura - 2000 - Studia Logica 65 (2):237-247.
    We generalize the incompleteness proof of the modal predicate logic Q-S4+ p p + BF described in Hughes-Cresswell [6]. As a corollary, we show that, for every subframe logic Lcontaining S4, Kripke completeness of Q-L+ BF implies the finite embedding property of L.
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  23.  28
    Age Differences and Images of Robots: Social Survey in Japan.Tatsuya Nomura, Takayuki Kanda, Tomohiro Suzuki & Kensuke Kato - 2009 - Interaction Studies 10 (3):374-391.
  24.  16
    From Outer Space to Earth—The Social Significance of Isolated and Confined Environment Research in Human Space Exploration.Koji Tachibana, Shoichi Tachibana & Natsuhiko Inoue - 2017 - Acta Astronautica 140:273-283.
    Human space exploration requires massive budgets every fiscal year. Especially under severe financial constraint conditions, governments are forced to justify to society why spending so much tax revenue for human space exploration is worth the cost. The value of human space exploration might be estimated in many ways, but its social significance and cost-effectiveness are two key ways to gauge that worth. Since these measures should be applied country by country because sociopolitical conditions differ in each country and must be (...)
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  25.  19
    Varieties of Healing in Present-Day Japan.Tatsuya Yumiyama - 1995 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 22 (3-4):267-282.
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  26.  28
    Some Superintuitionistic Logics as the Logical Fragments of Equational Theories.Tatsuya Shimura & Nobu-Yuki Suzuki - 1993 - Bulletin of the Section of Logic 22:106-112.
  27. Philosophical Basis of Aristotle's Theory of Moral Education in the Nicomachean Ethics.Koji Tachibana - 2012 - Dissertation, University of Tokyo
     
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  28.  24
    Software Agents and Robots in Mental Therapy: Psychological and Sociological Perspectives. [REVIEW]Tatsuya Nomura - 2009 - AI and Society 23 (4):471-484.
    This paper discusses the meaning that interactive software agents and robots have in the context of mental therapy. This theoretical discussion is undertaken from a psychological and sociological perspective. It investigates what happens when interactive agents are introduced into current social situations. Methods of mental therapy vary from therapeutic conversation between clients and human therapists to interaction between clients and therapeutic animals such as dogs. This paper focuses on applications of interactive software agents and robots that substitute as autonomous artifacts (...)
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  29.  19
    Age Differences and Images of Robots: Social Survey in Japan.Tatsuya Nomura, Takayuki Kanda, Tomohiro Suzuki & Kensuke Kato - 2009 - Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 10 (3):374-391.
  30.  2
    Age Differences and Images of Robots.Tatsuya Nomura, Takayuki Kanda, Tomohiro Suzuki & Kensuke Kato - 2009 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 10 (3):374-391.
    In order to investigate the influence of participants’ age on their image of robots in Japan, a pilot research was completed by 371 visitors at a robot exhibition held at a commercial facility in Japan, based on the questionnaire consisting of four open-ended questions. The comparison of younger, adult, and elderly groups, found that: in the younger age group, images of robots are ambiguous about near future assumptions, preferences, and antipathy, the adult group assumes that communication robots will appear in (...)
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  31.  25
    Facticity and Poietics in History.Tatsuya Nishiyama - 2016 - Philosophy Today 60 (4):893-910.
    Modern Japanese thinkers tried to understand “history” as processes of translation through which the Japanese culture/society/nation integrated itself into world history. This paper analyzes Miki Kiyoshi’s Philosophy of History [1932], a prominent example of such an approach to history. His understanding of history is deeply influenced by Martin Heidegger’s thoughts about facticity. The most essential part of Miki’s notion of “history” lies in his practico-poietic conception of history, which is elaborated through his own interpretation of Heidegger. This paper attempts to (...)
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  32.  58
    An Inquiry Into the Relationship Between Public Participation and Moral Education in Contemporary Japan: Who Decides Your Way of Life?Koji Tachibana - 2008 - In Kohji Ishihara & Shunzo Majima (eds.), Applied Ethics: Perspectives from Asia and Beyond. Hokkaido: Hokkaido University. pp. 26-39.
  33.  36
    Anonymous Writings of David Hume.D. D. Raphael & Tatsuya Sakamoto - 1990 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 28 (2):271-281.
  34. The Influence of People’s Culture and Prior Experiences with Aibo on Their Attitude Towards Robots.Christoph Bartneck, Tomohiro Suzuki, Takayuki Kanda & Tatsuya Nomura - 2007 - AI and Society 21 (1-2):217-230.
    This paper presents a cross-cultural study on peoples’ negative attitude toward robots. 467 participants from seven different countries filled in the negative attitude towards robots scale survey which consists of 14 questions in three clusters: attitude towards the interaction with robots, attitude towards social influence of robots and attitude towards emotions in interaction with robots. Around one half of them were recruited at local universities and the other half was approached through Aibo online communities. The participants’ cultural background had a (...)
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  35.  31
    The Great Colonization Debate.Kelly C. Smith, Keith Abney, Gregory Anderson, Linda Billings, Carl L. DeVito, Brian Patrick Green, Alan R. Johnson, Lori Marino, Gonzalo Munevar, Michael P. Oman-Reagan, Adam Potthast, James S. J. Schwartz, Koji Tachibana, John W. Traphagan & Sheri Wells-Jensen - 2019 - Futures 110:4-14.
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  36.  9
    Concurrent Statistical Learning of Ignored and Attended Sound Sequences: An MEG Study.Tatsuya Daikoku & Masato Yumoto - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  37.  10
    Motor Reproduction of Time Interval Depends on Internal Temporal Cues in the Brain: Sensorimotor Imagery in Rhythm.Tatsuya Daikoku, Yuji Takahashi, Nagayoshi Tarumoto & Hideki Yasuda - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  38.  26
    Deleuze and Kuki: The Temporality of Eternal Return and ‘Un Coup de Dés’.Tatsuya Higaki - 2014 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 8 (1):94-110.
    Shuzo Kuki is a Japanese philosopher, belonging to the Kyoto school, who lived about a hundred years ago. He learned philosophy in Europe and developed an original theory of contingency, by accommodating the Asiatic way of thinking on the one hand, and Western philosophy on the other. In this article, I show that we can find similarities between his theory of contingency and the philosophy of Deleuze, especially in regard to the subject of temporality and eternal return. Needless to say, (...)
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  39.  16
    On Yuji Yonemori’s “Abduction”, Keiso Shobo, 2007.Tatsuya Muranaka - 2009 - Kagaku Tetsugaku 42 (1):97-106.
  40.  32
    Shaping the Metaphase Chromosome: Coordination of Cohesion and Condensation.Ana Losada & Tatsuya Hirano - 2001 - Bioessays 23 (10):924-935.
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  41.  9
    Temperature Dependence of Microhardness of Tetragonal Hen-Egg-White Lysozyme Single Crystals.H. Koizumi, M. Tachibana, H. Kawamoto & K. Kojima † - 2004 - Philosophical Magazine 84 (28):2961-2968.
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  42.  71
    Hume’s “Early Memoranda” and the Making of His Political Economy.Tatsuya Sakamoto - 2011 - Hume Studies 37 (2):131-164.
    This essay argues that while the so-called “Hume’s Early Memoranda” has long been regarded as Hume’s juvenile work composed before A Treatise of Human Nature, there is significant internal and external evidence to the contrary. M. A. Stewart’s recent thesis made a new attempt to move the period of composition to the early 1740s. I seek in the following essay to date the composition even later, in the latter half of the 1740s. Re-examined in this new light, the memoranda credibly (...)
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  43. The Rise of Political Economy in the Scottish Enlightenment.Tatsuya Sakamoto & Hideo Tanaka - 2003
  44.  19
    Cut‐Elimination Theorem for the Logic of Constant Domains.Ryo Kashima & Tatsuya Shimura - 1994 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 40 (2):153-172.
    The logic CD is an intermediate logic which exactly corresponds to the Kripke models with constant domains. It is known that the logic CD has a Gentzen-type formulation called LD and rules are replaced by the corresponding intuitionistic rules) and that the cut-elimination theorem does not hold for LD. In this paper we present a modification of LD and prove the cut-elimination theorem for it. Moreover we prove a “weak” version of cut-elimination theorem for LD, saying that all “cuts” except (...)
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  45.  23
    A Case Study Comparing Research Integrity, Governance and Ethics Frameworks to Facilitate Collaboration Between Bristol and Kyoto University.Tatsuya Ito, Gillian Tallents, Liam McKervey, Rachel Davies, Anna Brooke, Jessica Bisset, Jake Harley & Birgit Whitman - 2017 - Clinical Ethics 12 (4):205-216.
    Researchers and non-commercial institutions negotiate complex legislation and guidance when planning and conducting research studies. The documents and processes required differ across nations and their regulatory bodies and it can be challenging to conduct an international study, especially for non-commercial organisations. In this study, colleagues from Japan and the UK worked closely together focusing on the legislation, organisations, trial processes, ethics review and quality assurance frameworks of clinical trials in two countries, the UK, demonstrated on the model of practices in (...)
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  46.  8
    Extension of Question-Answering Program to Automatically Answering the Medical Licensing Examination to Drug Related Questions医師国家試験自動解答プログラムの処方薬問題への拡張.Tatsuya Mizuguchi, Shino Ito, Kengo Sato & Yasubumi Sakakibara - 2018 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 33 (6):E-I58_1-10.
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  47.  15
    Diversity Maintenance in Genetic Programming.Tatsuya Motoki & Yasushi Numaguchi - 2006 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 21:219-230.
  48.  8
    On the Merge of Brain-Machine Interfaces: The Real Story of "The Terminal Man".Mima Tatsuya - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  49.  16
    Development of Middle Agents Mediating Ubiquitous Environment and Web Services.Tatsuya Terasaki, Takeshi Nakaido, Takahiro Kawamura, Akihiko Ohsuga & Mamoru Maekawa - 2004 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 19:343-350.
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  50.  25
    Building an Even Better Conceptual Foundation.Tatsuya Kameda & Reid Hastie - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):345-346.
    Krueger & Funder (K&F) spend too much time on their critique of some classic studies in social psychology. They should have spent more time developing their constructive ideas about better methodologies and, especially, better conceptual foundations for the field. We endorse their exhortation to consider social behavior in its ecologically adaptive context, and we present a few ideas of our own about how to develop a more comprehensive conceptual framework.
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