Search results for 'Vitalism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Mariam Fraser, Sarah Kember & Celia Lury (eds.) (2006). Inventive Life: Approaches to the New Vitalism. Sage.score: 27.0
    This book demonstrates how and why vitalism—the idea that life cannot be explained by the principles of mechanism—matters now. Vitalism resists closure and reductionism in the life sciences while simultaneously addressing the object of life itself. The aim of this collection is to consider the questions that vitalism makes it possible to ask: questions about the role and status of life across the sciences, social sciences, and humanities and questions about contingency, indeterminacy, relationality and change. All have (...)
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  2. Sebastian Normandin & Charles T. Wolfe (2013). Vitalism and the Scientific Image: An Introduction. In Sebastian Normandin & Charles T. Wolfe (eds.), Vitalism and the scientific image, 1800-2010. Springer.score: 24.0
  3. Charles T. Wolfe (2008). Vitalism Without Metaphysics? Medical Vitalism in the Enlightenment. Science in Context 21 (4):461-463.score: 24.0
    This is the introduction to a special issue of 'Science in Context' on vitalism that I edited. The contents are: 1. Guido Giglioni — “What Ever Happened to Francis Glisson? Albrecht Haller and the Fate of Eighteenth-Century Irritability” 2. Dominique Boury— “Irritability and Sensibility: Two Key Concepts in Assessing the Medical Doctrines of Haller and Bordeu” 3. Tobias Cheung — “Regulating Agents, Functional Interactions, and Stimulus-Reaction-Schemes: The Concept of “Organism” in the Organic System Theories of Stahl, Bordeu and Barthez” (...)
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  4. Charles T. Wolfe, The Return of Vitalism: Canguilhem and French Biophilosophy in the 1960s.score: 24.0
    The eminent French biologist and historian of biology, François Jacob, once notoriously declared “On n’interroge plus la vie dans les laboratoires”: laboratory research no longer inquires into the notion of ‘Life’. Nowadays, as David Hull puts it, “both scientists and philosophers take ontological reduction for granted… Organisms are ‘nothing but’ atoms, and that is that.” In the mid-twentieth century, from the immediate post-war period to the late 1960s, French philosophers of science such as Georges Canguilhem, Raymond Ruyer and Gilbert Simondon (...)
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  5. Bijoy Mukherjee (2012). Experiments and Research Programmes. Revisiting Vitalism/Non-Vitalism Debate in Early Twentieth Century. ARGUMENT 2 (1):171-197.score: 24.0
    Debates in the philosophy of science typically take place around issues such as realism and theory change. Recently, the debate has been reformulated to bring in the role of experiments in the context of theory change. As regards realism, Ian Hacking’s contribution has been to introduce ‘intervention’ as the basis of realism. He also proposed, following Imre Lakatos, to replace the issue of truth with progress and rationality. In this context we examine the case of the vitalism — reductionism (...)
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  6. Marina Paola Banchetti-Robino (2011). Ontological Tensions in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century Chemistry: Between Mechanism and Vitalism. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 13 (3):173-186.score: 24.0
    The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries marks a period of transition between the vitalistic ontology that had dominated Renaissance natural philosophy and the Early Modern mechanistic paradigm endorsed by, among others, the Cartesians and Newtonians. This paper will focus on how the tensions between vitalism and mechanism played themselves out in the context of sixteenth and seventeenth century chemistry and chemical philosophy, particularly in the works of Paracelsus, Jan Baptista Van Helmont, Robert Fludd, and Robert Boyle. Rather than argue that (...)
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  7. Charles T. Wolfe (2011). From Substantival to Functional Vitalism and Beyond. Eidos 14:212-235.score: 24.0
    I distinguish between ‘substantival’ and ‘functional’ forms of vitalism in the eighteenth century. Substantival vitalism presupposes the existence of a (substantive) vital force which either plays a causal role in the natural world as studied scientifically, or remains an immaterial, extra-causal entity. Functional vitalism tends to operate ‘post facto’, from the existence of living bodies to the search for explanatory models that will account for their uniquely ‘vital’ properties better than fully mechanistic models can. I discuss representative (...)
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  8. Charles T. Wolfe, The Return of Vitalism.score: 24.0
    The eminent French biologist and historian of biology, François Jacob, once notoriously declared "On n‘interroge plus la vie dans les laboratoires": laboratory research no longer inquires into the notion of Life‘. Nowadays, as David Hull puts it, "both scientists and philosophers take ontological reduction for granted… Organisms are ‗nothing but‘ atoms, and that is that." In the mid-twentieth century, from the immediate post-war period to the late 1960s, French philosophers of science such as Georges Canguilhem, Raymond Ruyer and Gilbert Simondon (...)
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  9. Charles Wolfe (2013). Vitalism and the Resistance to Experimentation on Life in the Eighteenth Century. Journal of the History of Biology 46 (2):255-282.score: 24.0
    There is a familiar opposition between a ‘Scientific Revolution’ ethos and practice of experimentation, including experimentation on life, and a ‘vitalist’ reaction to this outlook. The former is often allied with different forms of mechanism – if all of Nature obeys mechanical laws, including living bodies, ‘iatromechanism’ should encounter no obstructions in investigating the particularities of animal-machines – or with more chimiatric theories of life and matter, as in the ‘Oxford Physiologists’. The latter reaction also comes in different, perhaps irreducibly (...)
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  10. John E. Drabinski (2011). Donna V. Jones, The Racial Discourses of Life Philosophy: Négritude, Vitalism, and Modernity. Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 19 (2):180-188.score: 24.0
    An extended discussion of Donna V. Jones, The Racial Discourses of Life Philosophy: Négritude, Vitalism, and Modernity (New York: Columbia University Press, 2010), 217 pp.
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  11. Steindór J. Erlingsson (2002). From Haeckelian Monist to Anti-Haeckelian Vitalist: The Transformation of the Icelandic Naturalist Thorvaldur Thoroddsen (1855-1921). [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 35 (3):443 - 470.score: 24.0
    Iceland has not been known as a contributor to the history of science. This small nation in the North-Atlantic has only in recent decades made its mark on international science. But the Icelandic naturalist Thorvaldur Thoroddsen (1855-1921) is an exception to this generalisation, for he was well known at the turn of the 20th century in Europe and America for his research on the geography and geology of Iceland. Though Thoroddsen's contribution to these sciences is of great interest there is (...)
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  12. Frederick Burwick & Paul Douglass (eds.) (1992). The Crisis in Modernism: Bergson and the Vitalist Controversy. Cambridge University Press.score: 24.0
    The modernist movement has been regarded as representing a crisis point in Western thought. This volume looks at that crisis in terms of its reinterpretation of ideas concerning vitalism: the animation of the universe, whether spiritual or based in physical energies) of the universe. Beginning with vitalism's historical background in the enlightenment and the nineteenth century, and moving through scientific, philosophical and literary disciplines, the contributors chart the progress of vitalism and its influence on modernist thought. The (...)
     
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  13. Alessandro Cordelli (2008). Hedwig Conrad-Martius' Phenomenological Approach to Life Sciences and the Question of Vitalism. Axiomathes 18 (4):503-514.score: 21.0
    The philosophy of Hedwig Conrad-Martius represents a very important intersection point between phenomenological research and the natural sciences in the twentieth century. She tried to open a common pattern from the ontology of the physical being up to anthropology, passing from the biological sciences. An intersection point that, for the particular features of her thought, is rather a perspective point from which to observe, in an interesting and original way, both natural sciences and phenomenology. The 1923 essay entitled Real Ontology (...)
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  14. Charles T. Wolfe (2014). On the Role of Newtonian Analogies in Eighteenth-Century Life Science:Vitalism and Provisionally Inexplicable Explicative Devices. In Zvi Biener & Eric Schliesser (eds.), Newton and Empiricism. Oxford UP. 223-261.score: 21.0
    Newton’s impact on Enlightenment natural philosophy has been studied at great length, in its experimental, methodological and ideological ramifications. One aspect that has received fairly little attention is the role Newtonian “analogies” played in the formulation of new conceptual schemes in physiology, medicine, and life science as a whole. So-called ‘medical Newtonians’ like Pitcairne and Keill have been studied; but they were engaged in a more literal project of directly transposing, or seeking to transpose, Newtonian laws into quantitative models of (...)
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  15. William P. Bechtel (1982). Taking Vitalism and Dualism Seriously: Towards a More Adequate Materialism. Nature and System 4 (March-June):23-44.score: 21.0
  16. P. Chalmers Mitchell (1930). Materialism and Vitalism in Biology. Clarendon.score: 21.0
     
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  17. Sebastian Normandin & Charles T. Wolfe (eds.) (2013). Vitalism and the Scientific Image, 1800-2010. Springer.score: 21.0
  18. Marina Paola Banchetti-Robino, Ontological Tensions in 16th and 17th Century Chemistry: Between Mechanism and Vitalism.score: 18.0
    The 16th and 17th centuries marked a period of transition from the vitalistic ontology that had dominated Renaissance natural philosophy to the Early Modern mechanistic paradigm endorsed by, among others, the Cartesians and Newtonians. This paper focuses on how the tensions between vitalism and mechanism played themselves out in the context of 16th and 17th century chemistry and chemical philosophy. The paper argues that, within the fields of chemistry and chemical philosophy, the significant transition that culminated in the 18th (...)
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  19. Geert Jan M. Klerk (1979). Mechanism and Vitalism. A History of the Controversy. Acta Biotheoretica 28 (1).score: 18.0
    This is an attempt to interpret the history of mechanism vs. vitalism in relation to the changing framework of culture and to show the interrelation between both these views and experimental science. After the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century, causal mechanism of classical physics provided the framework for the study of nature. The teleological and holistic properties of life, however, which are incompatible with this theory yielded — as a result both of internal developments within biology and of (...)
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  20. Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent (2009). Self-Assembly, Self-Organization: Nanotechnology and Vitalism. [REVIEW] NanoEthics 3 (1):31-42.score: 18.0
    Over the past decades, self-assembly has attracted a lot of research attention and transformed the relations between chemistry, materials science and biology. The paper explores the impact of the current interest in self-assembly techniques on the traditional debate over the nature of life. The first section describes three different research programs of self-assembly in nanotechnology in order to characterize their metaphysical implications: (1) Hybridization (using the building blocks of living systems for making devices and machines) ; (2) Biomimetics (making artifacts (...)
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  21. Brian Jonathan Garrett (2006). What the History of Vitalism Teaches Us About Consciousness and the "Hard Problem". Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (3):576 - 588.score: 18.0
    Daniel Dennett has claimed that if Chalmers' argument for the irreducibility of consciousness were to succeed, an analogous argument would establish the truth of Vitalism. Chalmers denies that there is such an analogy. I argue that the analogy does have merit and that skepticism is called for.
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  22. John S. Ransom (1997). Forget Vitalism: Foucault and Lebensphilosophie. Philosophy and Social Criticism 23 (1):33-47.score: 18.0
    Recent interpretations of Michel Foucault's work have leaned heavily on a reading that can be traced back to the 'vital ist/mechanist' debate in the philosophy of science from earlier in this century. Friends (Gilles Deleuze) and enemies (Jürgen Habermas) both read Foucault as a kind of vitalist, championing repressed and unrealized life-forces against a burdensome facticity. This reading of Foucault, however, comes with a prohibitively high cost: the giving up of Foucault's most trenchant insights regarding the nature of power. In (...)
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  23. Osamu Kanamori (2005). The Problem of Vitalism Revisited. Angelaki 10 (2):13 – 26.score: 18.0
    (2005). The Problem of Vitalism Revisited. Angelaki: Vol. 10, continental philosophy and the sciences the french tradition issue editor: andrew aitken, pp. 13-26.
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  24. Marc de Kesel (forthcoming). A Small, Additonal, Added–on Life Speaking. Remarks on the Vitalism in Giorgio Agamben's Critical Theory. Filozofski Vestnik.score: 18.0
    Agamben’s thought gives us an interesting set of tools and references to critically analyse the logic of sovereignty haunting even the best intentions of Western biopolitics. As an alternative to the inherently disastrous logic of inclusive exclusion, he puts forward a strong vitalist, ontological way of thinking. This paper is an enquiry into whether that alternative is really valid. As far as his publications allow (since the “pars construens” of his Homo Sacer project is still to be published), the answer (...)
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  25. Rolf Ahlers (2003). Vitalism and System. Idealistic Studies 33 (1):83-113.score: 18.0
    This paper thematizes the crucial agreement and point of departure between Jacobi and Fichte at the height of the “atheism controversy.” The argument on the proper relationship between philosophy and existence or speculation and life had far-reaching consequences in the history of thought after Jacobi and Fichte in German Idealism on the one hand, primarly advocated by Schelling and Hegel, and on the other hand by existentialism and vitalism. The essay focuses first on Jacobi’s philosophy of life, which centrally (...)
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  26. Matthew Kapstein (1989). ??Tarak $$\Underset{\Raise0.3em\Hbox{$\Smash{\Scriptscriptstyle\Cdot}$}}{s}$$ Ita on the Fallacies of Personalistic Vitalism. [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 17 (1):43-59.score: 18.0
    What was the fate of personalistic vitalism in later Indian thought? That question is too large to be considered here, but it is certain that the doctrine did reemerge, and has remained influential. Nonetheless, there is some reason to believe that Śātarak $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s}$$ ita critique of personalistic vitalism did have an immediate impact on philosophers within the Nyāya tradition: Vācaspatimiśra, Uddyotakara's sub-commentator, whom we know to have been familiar with Śātarak $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s}$$ ita Tattvasa $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{m}$$ graha simply passes over (...)
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  27. George Rousseau (1992). The Perpetual Crises of Modernism and the Traditions of Enlightenment Vitalism: With a Note on Mikhail Bakhtin. In Frederick Burwick & Paul Douglass (eds.), The Crisis in Modernism: Bergson and the Vitalist Controversy. Cambridge University Press. 15--75.score: 18.0
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  28. Joseph Chiari (1992). Vitalism and Contemporary Thought. In Frederick Burwick & Paul Douglass (eds.), The Crisis in Modernism: Bergson and the Vitalist Controversy. Cambridge University Press. 245--273.score: 18.0
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  29. Sanford Schwartz (1992). Bergson and the Politics of Vitalism. In Frederick Burwick & Paul Douglass (eds.), The Crisis in Modernism: Bergson and the Vitalist Controversy. Cambridge University Press. 277--305.score: 18.0
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  30. Maria de Issekutz Wolsky, Alexander A. Wolsky, F. Burwick & P. Douglass (1992). Bergson's Vitalism in the Light of Modern Biology. In Frederick Burwick & Paul Douglass (eds.), The Crisis in Modernism: Bergson and the Vitalist Controversy. Cambridge University Press.score: 18.0
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  31. Garland E. Allen (2005). Mechanism, Vitalism and Organicism in Late Nineteenth and Twentieth-Century Biology: The Importance of Historical Context. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 36 (2):261-283.score: 15.0
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  32. Carolyn Merchant (1979). The Vitalism of Anne Conway: Its Impact on Leibniz's Concept of the Monad. Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (3):255-269.score: 15.0
  33. H. S. Jennings (1918). Mechanism and Vitalism. Philosophical Review 27 (6):577-596.score: 15.0
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  34. Steven Shaviro (2010). Interstitial Life: Subtractive Vitalism in Whitehead and Deleuze. Deleuze Studies 4 (1):107-119.score: 15.0
    Deleuze and Whitehead are both centrally concerned with the problem of how to reconcile the emergence of the New with the evident continuity and uniformity of the world through time. They resolve this problem through the logic of what Deleuze calls ‘double causality’, and Whitehead the difference between efficient and final causes. For both thinkers, linear cause-and-effect coexists with a vital capacity for desire and decision, guaranteeing that the future is not just a function of the past. The role of (...)
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  35. John Protevi (2008). The "Miniscule Hiatus": Neo-Vitalism in the Great French Philosophy of the 1960s: The Implications of Immanence: Toward a New Concept of Life. Research in Phenomenology 38 (1):129-133.score: 15.0
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  36. Hilde Hein (1969). Molecular Biology Vs. Organicism: The Enduring Dispute Between Mechanism and Vitalism. Synthese 20 (2):238 - 253.score: 15.0
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  37. Andrew S. Cunningham (2007). Hume's Vitalism and its Implications. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 15 (1):59 – 73.score: 15.0
  38. Sam Whimster (1995). Review Article : Liberal Eugenics and the Vitalist Life Sciences: Incongruities in the German Human Sciences in the 19th Century Woodruff D. Smith, Politics and the Sciences of Culture in Germany, 1840-1920. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. [REVIEW] History of the Human Sciences 8 (1):107-114.score: 15.0
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  39. Savilla Alice Elkus (1911). Mechanism and Vitalism. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 8 (13):355-358.score: 15.0
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  40. Charles S. Myers (1900). Vitalism: A Brief Historical and Critical Review. Mind 9 (34):218-233.score: 15.0
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  41. Stuart F. Spicker (1987). Biochemical Reductionism or Obscurantist Vitalism? — A New Passage Between Scylla and Charybdis. Biology and Philosophy 2 (4):509-515.score: 15.0
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  42. E. Benton (1974). Vitalism in Nineteenth-Century Scientific Thought: A Typology and Reassessment. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 5 (1):17-48.score: 15.0
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  43. Edgar A. Singer Jr (1934). Beyond Mechanism and Vitalism. Philosophy of Science 1 (3):273-295.score: 15.0
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  44. Walter T. Marvin (1918). Mechanism Versus Vitalism as a Philosophical Issue. Philosophical Review 27 (6):616-627.score: 15.0
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  45. Karl F. Muenzinger (1935). Mechanism, Vitalism and the Organismic Hypothesis. Philosophy of Science 2 (4):518-520.score: 15.0
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  46. Lorenzo Chiesa & Frank Ruda (2011). The Event of Language as Force of Life: Agamben's Linguistic Vitalism. Angelaki 16 (3):163 - 180.score: 15.0
    Angelaki, Volume 16, Issue 3, Page 163-180, September 2011.
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  47. Edgar A. Singer Jr (1946). Mechanism, Vitalism, Naturalism. A Logico-Historical Study. Philosophy of Science 13 (2):81-99.score: 15.0
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  48. Howard C. Warren (1918). Mechanism Versus Vitalism, in the Domain of Psychology. Philosophical Review 27 (6):597-615.score: 15.0
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  49. Michael Austin (2011). Unthinking Nature: Transcendental Realism, Neo-Vitalism and the Metaphysical Unconscious in Outline. Thinking Nature 1.score: 15.0
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  50. Catherine Packham (2002). The Physiology of Political Economy: Vitalism and Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations. Journal of the History of Ideas 63 (3):465-481.score: 15.0
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