Results for 'Artur Laska'

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  1. Humaniści wobec problemów polityki ekologicznej (A. Papuziński (red.): \\\"Polityka - Ekologia - Kultura. Społeczne przesłanki i przejawy kryzysu ekologicznego\\\"). [REVIEW]Artur Laska - 2001 - Humanistyka I Przyrodoznawstwo 7.
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  2. Two-State Solution to the Lottery Paradox.Artūrs Logins - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (11):3465-3492.
    This paper elaborates a new solution to the lottery paradox, according to which the paradox arises only when we lump together two distinct states of being confident that p under one general label of ‘belief that p’. The two-state conjecture is defended on the basis of some recent work on gradable adjectives. The conjecture is supported by independent considerations from the impossibility of constructing the lottery paradox both for risk-tolerating states such as being afraid, hoping or hypothesizing, and for risk-averse, (...)
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  3. Normative Reasons Without (Good) Reasoning.Artūrs Logins - 2019 - Ethics 130 (2):208-210.
    According to the good reasoning view of normative reasons, p is a reason to F, just in case p is a premise of a good pattern of reasoning. This article presents two counterexamples to the most promising version of the good reasoning view.
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  4. Save the Children!Artūrs Logins - 2016 - Analysis 76 (4):418-422.
  5.  79
    Is an Increase in Probability Always an Increase in Evidential Support?Artūrs Logins - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-25.
    Peter Achinstein has argued at length and on many occasions that the view according to which evidential support is defined in terms of probability-raising faces serious counterexamples and, hence, should be abandoned. Proponents of the positive probabilistic relevance view have remained unconvinced. The debate seems to be in a deadlock. This paper is an attempt to move the debate forward and revisit some of the central claims within this debate. My conclusion here will be that while Achinstein may be right (...)
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  6.  51
    Neural-Symbolic Cognitive Reasoning.Artur D'Avila Garcez, Luis Lamb & Dov Gabbay - 2009 - New York: Springer.
    Humans are often extraordinary at performing practical reasoning. There are cases where the human computer, slow as it is, is faster than any artificial intelligence system. Are we faster because of the way we perceive knowledge as opposed to the way we represent it? -/- The authors address this question by presenting neural network models that integrate the two most fundamental phenomena of cognition: our ability to learn from experience, and our ability to reason from what has been learned. This (...)
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  7. Common Sense and Evidence: Some Neglected Arguments in Favour of E=K.Artūrs Logins - 2017 - Theoria 83 (2):120-137.
    In this article I focus on some unduly neglected common-sense considerations supporting the view that one's evidence is the propositions that one knows. I reply to two recent objections to these considerations.
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  8. Necessary Truths, Evidence, and Knowledge.Artūrs Logins - 2016 - Filosofia Unisinos 17 (3):302-307.
    According to the knowledge view of evidence notoriously defended by Timothy Williamson (2000), for any subject, her evidence consists of all and only her propositional knowledge (E=K). Many have found (E=K) implausible. However, few have offered arguments against Williamson’s positive case for (E=K). In this paper, I propose an argument against Williamson’s positive case in favour of (E=K). Central to my argument is the possibility of the knowledge of necessary truths. I also draw some more general conclusions concerning theorizing about (...)
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  9. Complex and Unpredictable Cardano.Artur Ekert - unknown
    At a purely instrumental level, quantum theory is all about multiplication, addition and taking mod squares of complex numbers called probability amplitudes. The rules for combining amplitudes are deceptively simple. When two or more events are independent you multiply their respective probability amplitudes and when they are mutually exclusive you add them. Whenever you want to calculate probabilities you take mod squares of respective amplitudes. That’s it. If you are prepared to ignore the explanatory power of the theory (which you (...)
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  10. Abductive Reasoning in Neural-Symbolic Systems.Artur S. D’Avila Garcez, Dov M. Gabbay, Oliver Ray & John Woods - 2007 - Topoi 26 (1):37-49.
    Abduction is or subsumes a process of inference. It entertains possible hypotheses and it chooses hypotheses for further scrutiny. There is a large literature on various aspects of non-symbolic, subconscious abduction. There is also a very active research community working on the symbolic (logical) characterisation of abduction, which typically treats it as a form of hypothetico-deductive reasoning. In this paper we start to bridge the gap between the symbolic and sub-symbolic approaches to abduction. We are interested in benefiting from developments (...)
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  11.  49
    Logical Modes of Attack in Argumentation Networks.Dov M. Gabbay & Artur S. D’Avila Garcez - 2009 - Studia Logica 93 (2-3):199-230.
    This paper studies methodologically robust options for giving logical contents to nodes in abstract argumentation networks. It defines a variety of notions of attack in terms of the logical contents of the nodes in a network. General properties of logics are refined both in the object level and in the metalevel to suit the needs of the application. The network-based system improves upon some of the attempts in the literature to define attacks in terms of defeasible proofs, the so-called rule-based (...)
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  12.  12
    Death of the Passive Subject: Intentional Action and Narrative Explanation in Archaeological Studies.Artur Ribeiro - 2018 - History of the Human Sciences 31 (3):105-121.
    In recent years some archaeological commentators have suggested moving away from an exclusively anthropocentric view of social reality. These ideas endorse elevating objects to the same ontological level as humans – thus creating a symmetrical view of reality. However, this symmetry threatens to force us to abandon the human subject and theories of meaning. This article defends a different idea. It is argued here that an archaeology of the social, based on human intentionality, is possible, while maintaining an ontology that (...)
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  13.  5
    Stany trzecie w ujęciu Władysława Tatarkiewicza.Artur Szutta - 2011 - Filo-Sofija 11 (13).
    Author: Szutta Artur Title: WŁADYSŁAW TATARKIEWICZ’S CONCEPT OF THE ‘THIRD STATES’ (Stany trzecie w ujęciu Władysława Tatarkiewicza) Source: Filo-Sofija year: 2011, vol:.13/14, number: 2011/2-3, pages: 617-627 Keywords: “THIRD STATES”, LEISURE, PHILOSOPHY, THEORY, INTELLECT, SENSE OF LIFE, WŁADYSŁAW TATARKIEWICZ, JOSEPH PIEPER Discipline: PHILOSOPHY Language: POLISH Document type: ARTICLE Publication order reference (Primary author’s office address): E-mail: www:The article treats on the concept of “third states” (as opposed to the other two kinds of states: those of work and entertainment) introduced by (...)
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  14.  33
    On Williamson's Account of Propositional Evidence.Artūrs Logins - 2013 - Logique Et Analyse 56 (223):347-354.
    In this paper I examine Williamson’s (2000) claim that all evidence is propositional. I propose to reject this claim. I give two objections to two premises of Williamson’s argument. The first is a critique of Williamson’s claim that we choose between hypotheses on the basis of our evidence. The second objection is that Williamson’s claim that evidence is an explanandum of an hypothesis leads to counter-intuitive consequences and thus is not central to what evidence is, at least on an ordinary (...)
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  15.  12
    Utopian Studies in Poland: A Preliminary Survey.Artur Blaim - 2016 - Utopian Studies 27 (2):230.
    The earliest utopian studies in Poland coincided with the rise of the socialist movement in the latter half of the nineteenth century. The first such work, entitled Dwaj znakomici komuniści, Tomasz Morus i Tomasz Campanella, i ich systematy, Utopija i Państwo Słoneczne, was written by Bolesław Limanowski, a historian and socialist activist, who stressed the similarities between utopian institutions and those of socialist and communist projects. Foregrounding the question of property, he argued that socialists only wanted to implement the collectivization (...)
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  16.  6
    Bayesian Probability Estimates Are Not Necessary to Make Choices Satisfying Bayes’ Rule in Elementary Situations.Artur Domurat, Olga Kowalczuk, Katarzyna Idzikowska, Zuzanna Borzymowska & Marta Nowak-Przygodzka - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  17.  68
    Graded Epistemic Justification.John Hawthorne & Artūrs Logins - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (6):1845-1858.
    The adjective ‘is justified’ has all the hallmarks of a gradable adjective. But the relationship between gradable uses and straightforward predications of the form ‘x is justified’ has been underexplored by epistemologists. In this paper we undertake to do some ground clearing as a prelude to better understanding this relationship.
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  18. Láska jako vášeň. Paradigm lost.Niklas Luhmann - 2002 - Filosoficky Casopis 50:873-876.
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  19.  12
    Review: Frederick P. Van De Pitte, Kant as Philosophical Anthropologist. [REVIEW]P. Laska - 1973 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 3 (1):348-351.
  20. Metoda refleksyjnej równowagi. Część I: prezentacja metody.Artur Szutta - 2013 - Diametros 35:129-149.
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  21.  41
    Philosophical Background and Philosophical Content of the Semantic Definition of Truth.Artur Rojszczak - 2002 - Erkenntnis 56 (1):29 - 62.
    The aim of this paper is to show that it is the explicativecharacter of Tarski's semantic definition of truth given in his study of 1933 that allows forconsideration of a philosophical background of this definition in the proper sense. Given the explicativecharacter of this definition it is argued that the philosophical tradition that should be taken intoaccount with regard to this philosophical background is the tradition of the Lvov-Warsaw Schoolin its connections with the School of Brentano. As an example of (...)
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  22.  12
    Lógica formal no ensino secundário: o que estudar?Artur Polónio - 2009 - Critica.
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  23. El diagnóstico prenatal: problemática ética.Artur Juncosa - 1994 - Anuario Filosófico 27 (1):103-116.
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  24. Urteilstheorien Und Sachverhalte.Artur Rojszczak & Barry Smith - 2001 - In Satz Und Sachverhalt. Academia Verlag. pp. 9-72.
    The dominant theory of judgment in 1870 was one or other variety of combination theory: the act of judgment is an act of combining concepts or ideas in the mind of the judging subject. In the decades to follow a succession of alternative theories arose to address defects in the combination theory, starting with Bolzano’s theory of propositions in themselves, Brentano’s theory of judgment as affirmation or denial of existence, theories distinguishing judgment act from judgment content advanced by Brentano’s students (...)
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  25. Truthmakers, Truthbearers and the Objectivity of Truth.Artur Rojszczak & Barry Smith - 2003 - In Jaako Hintikka (ed.), Philosophy and Logic: In Search of the Polish Tradition. Boston: Kluwer. pp. 229-268.
    The aim of this paper is to show that the account of objective truth taken for granted by logicians at least since the publication in 1933 of Tarski’s “The Concept of Truth in Formalized Languages” arose out of a tradition of philosophical thinking initiated by Bolzano and Brentano. The paper shows more specifically that certain investigations of states of affairs and other objectual correlates of judging acts, investigations carried out by Austrian and Polish philosophers around the turn of the century, (...)
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  26. Theories of Judgment.Artur Rojszczak & Barry Smith - 2003 - In Thomas Baldwin (ed.), The Cambridge History of Philosophy 1870-1945. Cambridge University Press. pp. 157--173.
    The dominant theory of judgment in 1870 was one or other variety of combination theory: the act of judgment is an act of combining concepts or ideas in the mind of the judging subject. In the decades to follow a succession of alternative theories arose to address defects in the combination theory, starting with Bolzano’s theory of propositions in themselves, Brentano’s theory of judgment as affirmation or denial of existence, theories distinguishing judgment act from judgment content advanced by Brentano’s students (...)
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  27.  36
    A Non-Reductive Science of Personality, Character, and Well-Being Must Take the Person's Worldview Into Account.Artur Nilsson - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  28.  18
    Why Should a Physical Object Take on the Role of Truth-Bearer?Artur Rojszczak - 1999 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 6:115-125.
    The topic of this paper I would like to divide into two other questions than that of its title. The first question is the historical one and sounds like this: Why had Tarski chosen physical objects as truth-bearers in his original work from 1933 about truth in formalized languages?1 This historical problem may be still of importance not only from a historical point of view. Tarski’s truth-definition is still seen as one of undeniable importance for any contemporary philosophical analysis of (...)
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  29.  79
    Machines, Logic and Quantum Physics.David Deutsch, Artur Ekert & Rossella Lupacchini - 2000 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 6 (3):265-283.
  30.  9
    Elias and the Frankfurt School.Artur Bogner - 1987 - Theory, Culture and Society 4 (2-3):249-285.
  31.  51
    Nietzsche Contra Heraclitus.Artur Przybyslawski - 2002 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 23 (1):88-95.
  32.  6
    Truth-Bearers From Twardowski to Tarski.Artur Rojszczak - 1998 - In Katarzyna Kijania-Placek & Jan Woleński (eds.), The Lvov-Warsaw School and Contemporary Philosophy. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 73--84.
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  33.  14
    Federation Projects in Central Europe, 1848–1918.Artur Lorand Lakatos - 2016 - History of European Ideas 42 (1):22-38.
    SummaryThis paper deals with the less researched issue of regional federation projects in East-Central Europe from the period 1848 to 1918. Based on exhaustive research, primarily using original sources—works of the intellectuals who designed these projects—the paper examines the reasons why these federation projects were written, their historical-political context, and why these plans had to fail at their time. Similarities and differences of ideas in these projects are also presented. The intention is not to give a simple presentation of a (...)
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  34.  3
    Drews, Artur, Geschichte der Philosophie. VIII. Die Philosophie im letzten Drittel des 19. Jahrhunderts.Fritz Heinemann - 1923 - Kant-Studien 28 (1-2).
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  35.  7
    In Memoriam: P. José Fernando Pereira Borges, SJ.Artur Ilharco Galvão - 2014 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 70 (1):191-192.
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  36. Buchenau, Artur, Kants Lehre vom kategorischen Imperativ. [REVIEW]E. Fischer - 1914 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 19:273.
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  37.  7
    Book Reviews : Kant as Philosophical Anthropologist. FREDERICK P. VAN DE PITTE. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, I97I. Pp. X+I20. [REVIEW]Peter Laska - 1973 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 3 (4):348-351.
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  38. Book Review: Surviving Katrina: The Experiences of Low-Income African American Women by Jessica Warner Pardee. [REVIEW]Shirley Laska - 2015 - Gender and Society 29 (6):1017-1019.
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  39.  4
    Kant and Hegel on Practical Reason.Peter Laska - 1974 - Proceedings of the Hegel Society of America 3:129-140.
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  40.  19
    The Concept of the Categorical Imperative: A Study of the Place of the Categorical Imperative in Kant's Ethical Theory.Peter Laska - 1971 - Philosophical Review 80 (1):126.
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  41. Logika filozofii Emila Laska.Andrzej Przyłębski - 1987 - Studia Filozoficzne 264 (11).
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  42. Buchenau, Artur, Kants Lehre Vom Kategorischen Imperativ. [REVIEW] E. Fischer - 1914 - Kant-Studien 19:273.
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  43. Quantum Algorithms: Entanglement-Enhanced Information Processing.Artur Ekert & Richard Jozsa - 1998 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 356:1769--1782.
     
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  44. Artur Lakatos.Romanian Eyes - 2010 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 9 (25):200-203.
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  45. Mettler, Artur, Max Weber und die philosophische Problematik in unserer Zeit. [REVIEW]H. Fels - 1938 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 51:249-250.
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  46. Latvijas Mezgli Gadsimtu Mijā.Artūrs Goba - 2006 - Jd.
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  47. Drews, Artur, Geschichte der Philosophie. VIII. Die Philosophie im letzten Drittel des 19. Jahrhunderts. [REVIEW]Albert Goedeckemeyer - 1923 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 28:432.
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  48. Die Entstehung der französischen Revolutionsparole Liberte ', Egalite', Fraternite'.Artur Greive - 1969 - Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft Und Geistesgeschichte 43 (1969):4.
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  49. Informacja o konferencji \"Liberalzm u schyłku wieku\".Artur Grzybowski - 1999 - Civitas 3 (3).
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  50.  1
    Koncepcje wzmocnienia poznawczego. Próba definicji oraz przegląd metod.Artur Gunia - 2015 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 6 (2-3):35-56.
    The idea of cognitive enhancement refers to multifaceted and interdisciplinary approach aimed at improving human mental processes. Cognitive enhancement is the amplification or extension of core mind capacities through improvement or augmentation of either internal or external information processing systems. This includes improvements of intelligence and attention, reinforcement of creativity and memory, or extension of perception range. The main feature of cognitive enhancement is voluntariness of use for overcoming natural mental limitations. This article is a synthesis of current trends in (...)
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