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Christopher Meyers [27]C. D. Meyers [12]Chris Meyers [11]Carol Meyers [11]
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Christopher Meyers
California State University, Bakersfield
  1.  95
    Appreciating W. D. Ross:On Duties and Consequences.Christopher Meyers - 2003 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 18 (2):81-97.
    In this article I describe the theoretical underpinnings of 20th-century British philosopher W. D. Ross's approach to linking deontological and teleological decision making. I attempt to fill in what Ross left on the whole unanswered, that is, how to use his duties to resolve dilemmas. A case study in journalism demonstrates how to apply the theory. I conclude with an analysis of what I take to be the strengths and weaknesses in Ross's theory.
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  2. Wrongful Beneficence: Exploitation and Third World Sweatshops.Chris Meyers - 2004 - Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (3):319–333.
  3.  24
    Clinical Ethics Consulting and Conflict of Interest: Structurally Intertwined.Christopher Meyers - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (2):32-40.
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  4. A Practical Guide to Clinical Ethics Consulting: Expertise, Ethos and Power.Christopher Meyers - 2007 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The philosophical method is critical to ethics consulting. To be truly effective, ethicists need grounding in ethics theory, abstract reasoning and conceptual analysis. A Practical Guide to Clinical Ethics Consulting allows ethicists to understand problems from practitioners' points-of-view, and allows for a genuine appreciation of the working life of practitioners.
     
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  5.  37
    Conscientious Objection? Yes, but Make Sure It is Genuine.Christopher Meyers & Robert D. Woods - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):19 – 20.
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  6. Law, Power, and Justice in Ancient Israel by Douglas A. KnightLaw, Power, and Justice in Ancient Israel by KnightDouglas A.Library of Ancient Israel. Westminster John Knox, Louisville, 2011. 328 Pp. $40.00 . ISBN 978-0-664-22144-7. [REVIEW]Carol Meyers - 2013 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 67 (3):299-301.
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  7.  49
    Brains, Trolleys, and Intuitions: Defending Deontology From the Greene/Singer Argument.C. D. Meyers - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (4):466-486.
    Joshua Greene and Peter Singer argue, on the basis of empirical evidence, that deontological moral judgments result from emotional reactions while dispassionate reasoning leads to consequentialist judgments. Given that there are good reasons to doubt these emotionally driven intuitions, they argue that we should reject Kantian ethics. I argue that the evidence does not support the claim that consequentialism is inherently more reason-based or less emotion-based than Kantian ethics. This is partly because the experiments employ a functional definition of ‘deontological’ (...)
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  8.  26
    Creating an Effective Newspaper Ombudsman Position.Christopher Meyers - 2000 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 15 (4):248-256.
    In this article I argue, first, that genuinely effective ombudsmen could help restore news credibility-thereby staving off other, more intrusive external intervention-and that the position must have true sanctioning authority, much like that of the ethics officer in many corporations. I also argue that the effective ombudsman will be one who sufficiently understands the workings of journalism but who is not immersed in its ethos. This distancing is necessary for genuine critical appraisal to be possible.
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  9. An Obligation to Provide Abortion Services: What Happens When Physicians Refuse?C. Meyers & R. D. Woods - 1996 - Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (2):115-120.
    Access to abortion services in the United States continues to decline. It does so not because of significant changes in legislation or court rulings but because fewer and fewer physicians wish to perform abortions and because most states now have "conscientious objection" legislation that makes it easy for physicians to refuse to do so. We argue in this paper that physicians have an obligation to perform all socially sanctioned medical services, including abortions, and thus that the burden of justification lies (...)
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  10. Why It is Morally Good to Eat Meat: The Case for Entomophagy.C. D. Meyers - 2013 - Southwest Philosophy Review 29 (1):119-126.
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  11.  34
    Naturally Confused: Consumers' Perceptions of All-Natural and Organic Pork Products. [REVIEW]Katie M. Abrams, Courtney A. Meyers & Tracy A. Irani - 2010 - Agriculture and Human Values 27 (3):365-374.
    Consumers are bombarded with labels and claims that are intended to address their concerns about how food products are produced, processed, and regulated. Among those are the natural or all-natural claims and the certified organic label. In this study, two focus groups were conducted to explore consumers’ attitudes toward all-natural and organic pork and to gather their reactions to the USDA organic standards for meat, and the policy for natural claims. Results indicated that participants had positive associations with the terms (...)
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  12.  78
    Defending Moral Realism From Empirical Evidence of Disagreement.C. D. Meyers - 2013 - Social Theory and Practice 39 (3):373-396.
    Recently, empirically minded philosophers have employed evidence of widespread, fundamental moral disagreement to argue against moral realism. I argue that the empirical evidence does not refute realism because the disagreement is consistent with certain pluralistic versions of moral realism that posit a set of pro tanto normative principles. Others have appealed to pluralism in defense of moral realism but have used pluralism to attack the empirically based approach to ethical theory. Although I argue that the empirical argument against moral realism (...)
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  13. More Than a Feeling: Counterintuitive Effects of Compassion on Moral Judgment.Anthony I. Jack, Philip Robbins, Jared Friedman & Chris Meyers - 2014 - In Justin Sytsma (ed.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Mind. Bloomsbury. pp. 125-179.
    Seminal work in moral neuroscience by Joshua Greene and colleagues employed variants of the well-known trolley problems to identify two brain networks which compete with each other to determine moral judgments. Greene interprets the tension between these brain networks using a dual process account which pits deliberative reason against automatic emotion-driven intuitions: reason versus passion. Recent neuroscientific evidence suggests, however, that the critical tension that Greene identifies as playing a role in moral judgment is not so much a tension between (...)
     
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  14. Moral Duty, Individual Responsibility, and Sweatshop Exploitation.C. D. Meyers - 2007 - Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (4):620–626.
  15.  7
    Professionalism, Not Professionals.Christopher Meyers, Wendy N. Wyatt, Sandra L. Borden & Edward Wasserman - 2012 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 27 (3):189-205.
    The proliferation of news and information sources has motivated a need to identify those providing legitimate journalism. One temptation is to go the route of such fields as medicine and law, namely to formally professionalize. This gives a clear method for determining who is a member, with an array of associated responsibilities and rewards. We argue that making such a formal move in journalism is a mistake: Journalism does not meet the traditional criteria, and its core ethos is in conflict (...)
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  16.  45
    Book Review: Where is God? Divine Absence in the Hebrew BibleWhere is God? Divine Absence in the Hebrew Bible by BurnettJoel S.Fortress, Minneapolis, 2010. 192 Pp. $35.00. ISBN 978-0-8006-6297-4. [REVIEW]Carol Meyers - 2011 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 65 (3):304-304.
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  17.  7
    Universals Without Absolutes: A Theory of Media Ethics.Christopher Meyers - 2016 - Journal of Media Ethics 31 (4):198-214.
    The global turn in media ethics has presented a tough challenge for traditional models of moral theory: How do we assert common moral standards while also showing respect for the values of those from outside the Western tradition? The danger lies in advocating for either extreme: reason-dependent absolutism or cultural relativism. In this paper, I reject Cliff Christian’s attempts to solve the problem and propose instead a moral theory of universal standards that are discovered via a mix of rationally grounded (...)
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  18. Psychological Investigations: The Private Language Argument and Inferences in Contemporary Cognitive Science.C. D. Meyers & Sara Waller - 2009 - Synthese 171 (1):135-156.
    Some of the methods for data collection in experimental psychology, as well as many of the inferences from observed behavior or image scanning, are based on the implicit premise that language use can be linked, via the meaning of words, to specific subjective states. Wittgenstein’s well known private language argument (PLA), however, calls into question the legitimacy of such inferences. According to a strong interpretation of PLA, all of the elements of a language must be publicly available. Thus the meaning (...)
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  19.  47
    Institutional Culture and Individual Behavior: Creating an Ethical Environment.Christopher Meyers - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (2):269-276.
    Much of the work in professional ethics sees ethical problems as resulting from ethical ignorance, ethical failure or evil intent. While this approach gets at real and valid concerns, it does not capture the whole story because it does not take into account the underlying professional or institutional culture in which moral decision making is imbedded. My argument in this paper is that this culture plays a powerful and sometimes determinant role in establishing the nature of the ethical debate; i.e., (...)
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  20.  50
    Reappreciating W. D. Ross: Naturalizing Prima Facie Duties and a Proposed Method.Christopher Meyers - 2011 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 26 (4):316-331.
    The goal of this article is to try to resolve two key problems in the duty-based approach of W. D. Ross: the source of principles and a process for moving from prima facie to actual duty. I use a naturalistic explanation for the former and a nine-step method for making concrete ethical decisions as they could be applied to journalism. Consistent with Ross's position, the process is complicated, particularly in tougher problems, and it cannot guarantee correct choices. Again consistent with (...)
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  21. The Virtue of Cold-Heartedness.C. D. Meyers - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 138 (2):233 - 244.
    I defend a strong version of the Kantian claim that actions done solely from duty have moral worth by (1) considering pure cases of acting from duty, (2) showing that love and sympathy, unlike a sense of duty, can often lead us to do the wrong thing, (3) carefully distinguishing moral from non-moral virtues, and (4) by distinguishing pathological sympathy from practical sympathy. Not only is acting purely from a sense of duty superior to acting from love and sympathetic feelings, (...)
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  22. Disenstoried Horror: Art Horror Without Narrative.Sara Waller & Chris Meyers - forthcoming - Film and Philosophy.
     
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  23.  23
    Justifying Journalistic Harms: Right to Know Vs. Interest in Knowing.Christopher Meyers - 1993 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 8 (3):133 – 146.
    Journalists are regularly criticized for causing harm to others, such as invading privacy, printing, or airing offensive material, and so forth. Although most sensitive journalists readily acknowledge these harms, they frequently argue that the pursuit and coverage of news is nonetheless justified because it fulfills a greater moral purpose - satisfaction of the public's right to know. This article argues that although "the public s right to know" does justify some harmful journalistic behavior, too often the phrase is used without (...)
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  24.  25
    Why (Most) Rational People Must Disapprove of the Invasion of Iraq.C. D. Meyers - 2006 - Social Theory and Practice 32 (2):249-268.
  25.  81
    Expressivism, Constructivism, and the Supervenience of Moral Properties.Chris Meyers - 2012 - Philosophical Explorations 15 (1):17-31.
    One of the most familiar arguments for expressivist metaethics is the claim that the rival theory, moral realism, cannot provide a satisfying explanation of why moral properties supervene on natural properties. Non-cognitivism, however, has its own problems explaining supervenience. Expressivists try to establish supervenience either by second-order disapproval of type-inconsistent moral evaluations or by pragmatic considerations. But disapproval of inconsistency is merely a contingent attitude that people happen to have; and pragmatic justification does not allow for appraisers to take their (...)
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  26.  41
    Power, Ethics, and Journalism: Toward an Integrative Approach.Peggy Bowers, Christopher Meyers & Anantha Babbili - 2004 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 19 (3-4):223-246.
    Although we think 1 of the basic purposes of journalism is to provide information vital to enhancing citizen autonomy, we also see this goal as being in direct tension with the power news media hold and wield, power that may serve to undercut, rather than enhance, citizen autonomy. We argue that the news media are ethically constrained by proceduralism, resulting in journalists asserting power inappropriately at the individual level, and unwittingly surrendering moral authority institutionally and globally. Anonymity, institutionalization, and routinization (...)
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  27. Introduction.Christopher Meyers - 2010 - In Journalism Ethics: A Philosophical Approach. Oxford University Press.
     
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  28.  23
    A Defense of the Philosopher-Ethicist as Moral Expert.C. Meyers - 2002 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 14 (4):259-269.
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  29.  73
    Managed Care and Ethical Conflicts: Anything New?C. Meyers - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (5):382-387.
    Does managed care represent the death knell for the ethical provision of medical care? Much of the current literature suggests as much. In this essay I argue that the types of ethical conflicts brought on by managed care are, in fact, similar to those long faced by physicians and by other professionals. Managed care presents new, but not fundamentally different, factors to be considered in medical decision making. I also suggest ways of better understanding and resolving these conflicts, in part (...)
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  30.  52
    Nature, Virtue, and the Nature of Virtue: An Outline for an Environmental Virtue Ethics.C. D. Meyers - 2010 - Southwest Philosophy Review 26 (1):109-117.
    Most of the philosophical work written on environmental issues focuses on notions such as rights, consequences, duties, etc. And most of the theoretical philosophy done in environmental ethics focuses on questions of whether animals, plants, or ecosystems have inherent value or moral standing independently of their usefulness to humans. A character-based approach has been largely neglected. In this paper, I consider what a plausible environmental virtue ethics would look like. Specifically, I argue that it would not require any distinct eco-virtue (...)
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  31. Journalism Ethics: A Philosophical Approach.Christopher Meyers (ed.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Since the introduction of radio and television news, journalism has gone through multiple transformations, but each time it has been sustained by a commitment to basic values and best practices. Journalism Ethics is a reminder, a defense and an elucidation of core journalistic values, with particular emphasis on the interplay of theory, conceptual analysis and practice. The book begins with a sophisticated model for ethical decision-making, one that connects classical theories with the central purposes of journalism. Top scholars from philosophy, (...)
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  32. Book Review: Judges: A Commentary. [REVIEW]Carol Meyers - 2009 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 63 (2):196-196.
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  33.  34
    Cruel Choices: Autonomy and Critical Care Decision-Making.Christopher Meyers - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (2):104–119.
  34. Wants and Desires: A Critique of Conativist Theory of Motivation.Chris Meyers - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research:357-370.
    In this paper I will argue against the Humean theory of motivation, or “conativism” which claims that all actions are ultimately generated by desires. Conativism is supported by (1) a behavioral analysis of desire as a disposition to act in certain ways, and (2) the difference between belief and desire in terms of their different “direction of fi t” with the world. I will show that this behavioral account of desire cannot provide an adequate explanation of action. Mere disposition to (...)
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  35.  14
    The Impact of Physician Denial Upon Patient Autonomy and Well-Being.C. Meyers - 1992 - Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (3):135-137.
    It is now widely accepted that a patient's ability to engage in autonomous decision-making can be seriously threatened when she denies significant aspects of her medical condition. In this paper I use a true case to reveal the harmful effects of physician denial upon patient autonomy and well-being. I suggest further that such physician denial may be more common than is generally acknowledged, since aspects of the contemporary medical ethos likely serve to reinforce rather than to undercut such denial.
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  36.  18
    A Non-Realist Theory of Objective Moral Truth.Chris Meyers - 2005 - Southwest Philosophy Review 21 (1):69-75.
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  37.  7
    Personhood: Empirical Thing or Rational Concept?Christopher Meyers - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):63-65.
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  38.  23
    Judgment, Accountability, and ‘Information’: A Reponse to Machamer and Boylan.Christopher Meyers - 1995 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 14 (2):77-92.
  39. Racial Bias, the Death Penalty and Desert.Christopher Meyers - 1990 - Philosophical Forum 22 (2):139-148.
  40.  37
    Automatic Behavior and Moral Agency: Defending the Concept of Personhood From Empirically Based Skepticism.C. D. Meyers - 2015 - Acta Analytica 30 (2):193-209.
    Empirical evidence indicates that much of human behavior is unconscious and automatic. This has led some philosophers to be skeptical of responsible agency or personhood in the moral sense. I present two arguments defending agency from these skeptical concerns. My first argument, the “margin of error” argument, is that the empirical evidence is consistent with the possibility that our automatic behavior deviates only slightly from what we would do if we were in full conscious control. Responsible agency requires only that (...)
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  41.  80
    Abortion, the Golden Rule, and the Indeterminacy of Potential Persons.Chris D. Meyers - 2005 - Journal of Value Inquiry 39 (3-4):541.
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  42.  38
    Hobbes and the Rationality of Self-Preservation: Grounding Morality on the Desires We Should Have.C. D. Meyers - 2013 - The European Legacy 18 (3):269-286.
    In deriving his moral code, Hobbes does not appeal to any mind-independent good, natural human telos, or innate human sympathies. Instead he assumes a subjectivist theory of value and an egoistic theory of human motivation. Some critics, however, doubt that his laws of nature can be constructed from such scant material. Hobbes ultimately justifies the acceptance of moral laws by the fact that they promote self-preservation. But, as Hobbes himself acknowledges, not everyone prefers survival over natural liberty. In this essay (...)
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  43.  6
    Discovering Eve: Ancient Israelite Women in Context.David Jonathan Gilner & Carol Meyers - 1990 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 110 (1):158.
  44.  20
    Report Cards.Michael Davis, Christopher Meyers, Lisa Newton & Elliot Cohen - 2004 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 19 (3-4):161-165.
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  45.  28
    Neuroenhancement in Reflective Equilibrium: A Qualified Kantian Defense of Enhancing in Scholarship and Science.C. D. Meyers - 2014 - Neuroethics 7 (3):287-298.
    Cognitive neuroenhancement involves the use of medical interventions to improve normal cognitive functioning such as memory, focus, concentration, or willpower. In this paper I give a Kantian argument defending the use of CNE in science, scholarly research, and creative fields. Kant’s universal law formulation of the categorical imperative shows why enhancement is morally wrong in the familiar contexts of sports or competitive games. This argument, however, does not apply to the use of CNE in higher education, scholarly or scientific research, (...)
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  46.  24
    Religious Belief and Surrogate Medical Decision Making.Stewart Eskew & Christopher Meyers - 2009 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 20 (2):192.
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  47.  4
    Book Review: Judges: A CommentaryJudges: A CommentarybyNiditchSusanWestminster John Knox, Louisville, 2008. 290 Pp. $45.00 . ISBN 978-0-664-22096-9. [REVIEW]Carol Meyers - 2009 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 63 (2):196-196.
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  48.  29
    Transferability of Duty and the Agent-Relative / Agent-Neutral Distinction.C. D. Meyers - 2007 - Southwest Philosophy Review 23 (1):199-206.
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  49.  16
    Abortion, the Golden Rule, and the Indeterminacy of Potential Persons.Christopher D. Meyers - 2005 - Journal of Value Inquiry 39 (3-4):459-473.
  50.  4
    Case Study: A New Liver for a Prisoner.Maurice Bernstein, Christopher Meyers & Laurie Lyckholm - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (4):12.
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