Results for 'Geoffrey L. Goodwin'

998 found
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  1. Ethics and Nuclear Deterrence.Geoffrey L. Goodwin (ed.) - 1982 - St. Martin's Press.
     
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  2.  14
    Easy on the Mind, Easy on the Wrongdoer: Discrepantly Fluent Violations Are Deemed Less Morally Wrong.Simon M. Laham, Adam L. Alter & Geoffrey P. Goodwin - 2009 - Cognition 112 (3):462-466.
  3.  21
    BLOM Hans, John Christian Laursen and Luisa Simonutti (Eds).Brennan Geoffrey, Robert Goodwin, Frank Jackson & Michael Smith - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 15 (4):833-837.
  4. The Psychology of Meta-Ethics: Exploring Objectivism.Geoffrey P. Goodwin & John M. Darley - 2008 - Cognition 106 (3):1339-1366.
  5. The Perceived Objectivity of Ethical Beliefs: Psychological Findings and Implications for Public Policy. [REVIEW]Geoffrey P. Goodwin & John M. Darley - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (2):161-188.
    Ethical disputes arise over differences in the content of the ethical beliefs people hold on either side of an issue. One person may believe that it is wrong to have an abortion for financial reasons, whereas another may believe it to be permissible. But, the magnitude and difficulty of such disputes may also depend on other properties of the ethical beliefs in question—in particular, how objective they are perceived to be. As a psychological property of moral belief, objectivity is relatively (...)
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  6.  12
    Reasoning About Relations.Geoffrey P. Goodwin & Philip Johnson-Laird - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (2):468-493.
    Inferences about spatial, temporal, and other relations are ubiquitous. This article presents a novel model-based theory of such reasoning. The theory depends on 5 principles. The structure of mental models is iconic as far as possible. The logical consequences of relations emerge from models constructed from the meanings of the relations and from knowledge. Individuals tend to construct only a single, typical model. They spontaneously develop their own strategies for relational reasoning. Regardless of strategy, the difficulty of an inference depends (...)
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  7.  14
    Is the Basic Conditional Probabilistic?Geoffrey P. Goodwin - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (3):1214-1241.
  8.  70
    The Acquisition of Boolean Concepts.Geoffrey P. Goodwin & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (3):128-133.
  9.  15
    The Truth of Conditional Assertions.Geoffrey P. Goodwin & P. N. Johnson‐Laird - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (8):2502-2533.
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  10.  19
    Judging the Goring Ox: Retribution Directed Toward Animals.Geoffrey P. Goodwin & Adam Benforado - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (3):619-646.
    Prior research on the psychology of retribution is complicated by the difficulty of separating retributive and general deterrence motives when studying human offenders . We isolate retribution by investigating judgments about punishing animals, which allows us to remove general deterrence from consideration. Studies 2 and 3 document a “victim identity” effect, such that the greater the perceived loss from a violent animal attack, the greater the belief that the culprit deserves to be killed. Study 3 documents a “targeted punishment” effect, (...)
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  11.  18
    Conceptual Illusions.Geoffrey P. Goodwin & P. N. Johnson-Laird - 2010 - Cognition 114 (2):253-265.
  12.  5
    Valuing Different Human Lives.Geoffrey P. Goodwin & Justin F. Landy - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):778-803.
  13.  25
    Experimental Approaches to Moral Standing.Geoffrey P. Goodwin - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (12):914-926.
    Moral patients deserve moral consideration and concern – they have moral standing. What factors drive attributions of moral standing? Understanding these factors is important because it indicates how broadly individuals conceptualize the moral world, and suggests how they will treat various entities, both human and non-human. This understanding has recently been advanced by a series of studies conducted by both psychologists and philosophers, which have revealed three main drivers of moral standing: the capacity to suffer, intelligence or autonomy, and the (...)
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  14.  30
    When Sentimental Rules Collide: “Norms with Feelings” in the Dilemmatic Context.Edward B. Royzman, Geoffrey P. Goodwin & Robert F. Leeman - 2011 - Cognition 121 (1):101-114.
  15. Attainable and Relevant Moral Exemplars Are More Effective Than Extraordinary Exemplars in Promoting Voluntary Service Engagement.Hyemin Han, Jeongmin Kim, Changwoo Jeong & Geoffrey L. Cohen - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8:283.
    The present study aimed to develop effective moral educational interventions based on social psychology by using stories of moral exemplars. We tested whether motivation to engage in voluntary service as a form of moral behavior was better promoted by attainable and relevant exemplars or by unattainable and irrelevant exemplars. First, experiment 1, conducted in a lab, showed that stories of attainable exemplars more effectively promoted voluntary service activity engagement among undergraduate students compared with stories of unattainable exemplars and non-moral stories. (...)
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  16.  20
    Transitive and Pseudo-Transitive Inferences.Geoffrey P. Goodwin & P. N. Johnson-Laird - 2008 - Cognition 108 (2):320-352.
  17.  23
    Relative Enumerability in the Difference Hierarchy.Marat M. Arslanov, Geoffrey L. Laforte & Theodore A. Slaman - 1998 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 63 (2):411-420.
    We show that the intersection of the class of 2-REA degrees with that of the ω-r.e. degrees consists precisely of the class of d.r.e. degrees. We also include some applications and show that there is no natural generalization of this result to higher levels of the REA hierarchy.
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  18. Eric Voegelin: A Classified Bibliography.Geoffrey L. Price - 1994 - Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 76 (2):3-180.
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  19.  10
    The Expansion of British Universities and Their Struggle to Maintain Autonomy: 1943–46. [REVIEW]Geoffrey L. Price - 1978 - Minerva 16 (3):357-381.
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  20.  7
    Uses of Vaccinia Virus as a Vector for the Production of Live Recombinant Vaccines.Geoffrey L. Smith & Bernard Moss - 1984 - Bioessays 1 (3):120-124.
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  21.  60
    The Psychological Puzzle of Sudoku.N. Y. Louis Lee, Geoffrey P. Goodwin & P. N. Johnson-Laird - 2008 - Thinking and Reasoning 14 (4):342 – 364.
    Sudoku puzzles, which are popular worldwide, require individuals to infer the missing digits in a 9 9 array according to the general rule that every digit from 1 to 9 must occur once in each row, in each column, and in each of the 3-by-3 boxes in the array. We present a theory of how individuals solve these puzzles. It postulates that they rely solely on pure deductions, and that they spontaneously acquire various deductive tactics, which differ in their difficulty (...)
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  22.  19
    The Mind, the Brain, and the Law.Thomas Nadelhoffer, Dena Gromet, Geoffrey Goodwin, Eddy Nahmias, Chandra Sripada & Walter Sinnott-Armstrong - 2013 - In Thomas A. Nadelhoffer (ed.), The Future of Punishment. Oup Usa.
  23. Decomposition and Infima in the Computably Enumerable Degrees.Rodney G. Downey, Geoffrey L. Laforte & Richard A. Shore - 2003 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 68 (2):551-579.
    Given two incomparable c.e. Turing degrees a and b, we show that there exists a c.e. degree c such that c = (a ⋃ c) ⋂ (b ⋃ c), a ⋃ c | b ⋃ c, and c < a ⋃ b.
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  24.  8
    Lay Beliefs About the Controllability of Everyday Mental States.Corey Cusimano & Geoffrey P. Goodwin - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 148 (10):1701-1732.
  25. Identity, Belief, and Bias.Geoffrey L. Cohen - 2012 - In Jon Hanson & John Jost (eds.), Ideology, Psychology, and Law. Oup Usa. pp. 385.
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  26.  10
    An Approach to the Central Planning of British Science: The Formation of the Advisory Council on Scientific Policy. [REVIEW]Philip J. Gummett & Geoffrey L. Price - 1977 - Minerva 15 (2):119-143.
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  27.  30
    Ethical Concerns in Grievance Arbitration.Robert A. Giacalone, Martha L. Reiner & James C. Goodwin - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (4):267 - 272.
    Although the use of arbitration has become commonplace in the organizational world, the ethical issues surrounding arbitration have never been fully explored. The paper reviews ethical issues in arbitration, particularly in terms of forensic bias parallels, that may affect decision-making and make the arbitrator''s decision questionable. Finally, the maintenance of fairness in the arbitration process, and the importance of an ethically acceptable system of organizational justice are also discussed.
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  28.  43
    The Psychological Puzzle of Sudoku.P. N. Johnson-Laird, Geoffrey P. Goodwin & N. Y. Louis Lee - 2008 - Thinking and Reasoning 14 (4):342-364.
    Sudoku puzzles, which are popular worldwide, require individuals to infer the missing digits in a 9 9 array according to the general rule that every digit from 1 to 9 must occur once in each row, in each column, and in each of the 3-by-3 boxes in the array. We present a theory of how individuals solve these puzzles. It postulates that they rely solely on pure deductions, and that they spontaneously acquire various deductive tactics, which differ in their difficulty (...)
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  29.  31
    Cruel Nature: Harmfulness as an Important, Overlooked Dimension in Judgments of Moral Standing.Jared Piazza, Justin F. Landy & Geoffrey P. Goodwin - 2014 - Cognition 131 (1):108-124.
  30.  35
    Logic, Probability, and Human Reasoning.P. N. Johnson-Laird, Sangeet S. Khemlani & Geoffrey P. Goodwin - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (4):201-214.
  31.  9
    At the Close of Our Second Year, Emergence is Pleased to Present This Special Issue on Knowledge Management. To.David Snowden Goodwin, Geoffrey Hodgson, Peter Allen, Haridimos Tsoukas, Max Boisot, Jack Cohen & Duska Rosenberg - 2000 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 2 (4):3-4.
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  32. Deterrence and Détente.Geoffrey Goodwin - 1982 - In Geoffrey L. Goodwin (ed.), Ethics and Nuclear Deterrence. St. Martin's Press.
     
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  33.  8
    How Does Moral Objectification Lead to Correlated Interactions?Geoffrey P. Goodwin - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  34. Why Are Some Moral Beliefs Perceived to Be More Objective Than Others.Geoffrey Goodwin & John M. Darley - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 48 (1):250-256.
    Recent research has investigated whether people think of their moral beliefs as objectively true facts about the world, or as subjective preferences. The present research examines variability in the perceived objectivity of different moral beliefs, with respect both to the content of moral beliefs themselves (what they are about), and to the social representation of those moral beliefs (whether other individuals are thought to hold them). It also examines the possible consequences of perceiving a moral belief as objective. With respect (...)
     
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  35.  17
    "Take Hold of the Robe of a Jew": Herbert of Bosham's Christian Hebraism. Deborah L. Goodwin.Robert Chazan - 2007 - Speculum 82 (3):707-708.
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  36.  21
    Infants Perceive Human Point-Light Displays as Solid Forms.Derek G. Moore, Julia E. Goodwin, Rachel George, Emma L. Axelsson & Fleur M. B. Braddick - 2007 - Cognition 104 (2):377-396.
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  37.  27
    Response to Baratgin Et Al.: Mental Models Integrate Probability and Deduction.P. N. Johnson-Laird, Sangeet S. Khemlani & Geoffrey P. Goodwin - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (10):548-549.
  38.  3
    A Fundamental Asymmetry in Judgments of Soldiers at War.Hanne M. Watkins & Geoffrey P. Goodwin - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  39.  43
    Self-Regulated Dependency: Ethical Reflections on Interdependence and Help in Adapted Physical Activity.Donna L. Goodwin - 2008 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (2):172 – 184.
    This article explores the ethical implications of the goal of functional independence for persons with disabilities. Central to independence is protection against the fear and uncertainty of future dependency and assurance of a level of social status. Moreover, independence reflects individualism, autonomy and control of decisions about one's life. Dependency, in contrast, implies the inability to do things for oneself and reliance on others to assist with tasks of everyday life. The ethics of independence are explored within the context of (...)
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  40.  25
    How Much Do Thoughts Count?: Preference for Emotion Versus Principle in Judgments of Antisocial and Prosocial Behavior.Natalie O. Fedotova, O., Katrina M. Fincher, Geoffrey P. Goodwin & Paul Rozin - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):316-317.
    Following important work by Pizarro, Uhlmann and Salovey (2003) on moral judgments of uncontrolled/impulsive versus controlled/ deliberate action, we focus on the related issue of the moral evaluation of emotion-motivated versus principle-driven behavior. We examine: (a) the potential lesser blameworthiness of antisocial acts perceived as driven by emotion as opposed to principle; (b) how factors governing the moral evaluation of antisocial acts might extend to the evaluation of prosocial acts; and (c) how overriding a moral emotion in favor of a (...)
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  41. Book Review: Buddy System: Understanding Male Friendships. By Geoffrey L. Greif. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008, 320 Pp., $29.95. [REVIEW]Jammie Price - 2009 - Gender and Society 23 (5):720-722.
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  42.  14
    Breaking the Cycle of Mistrust: Wise Interventions to Provide Critical Feedback Across the Racial Divide.David Scott Yeager, Valerie Purdie-Vaughns, Julio Garcia, Nancy Apfel, Patti Brzustoski, Allison Master, William T. Hessert, Matthew E. Williams & Geoffrey L. Cohen - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):804-824.
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  43.  15
    Review of L. Prograis and E. Pellegrino, Eds., African American Bioethics: Culture, Race, and Identity. [REVIEW]Michele Goodwin - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (11):52-54.
  44.  6
    Generalization in Memory.J. Goodwin, L. Long & L. Welch - 1945 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 35 (1):71.
  45.  9
    The Function and Representation of Concepts.Sangeet S. Khemlani & Geoffrey Goodwin - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):216-217.
    Machery has usefully organized the vast heterogeneity in conceptual representation. However, we believe his argument is too narrow in tacitly assuming that concepts are comprised of only prototypes, exemplars, and theories, and also that its eliminative aspect is too strong. We examine two exceptions to Machery's representational taxonomy before considering whether doing without concepts is a good idea.
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  46.  12
    On Representing `True-in-L' in L.Geoffrey Hellman - 1985 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 50 (4):1068-1071.
  47.  9
    You Can’T Recognize Two Words Simultaneously.Alex L. White, Geoffrey M. Boynton & Jason D. Yeatman - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (10):812-814.
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  48.  29
    22 Anterior Cingulate Cortex Participates in the Conscious Experience of Emotion Richard D. Lane, Eric M. Reiman, Geoffrey L. Ahern, Gary E. Schwartz, Richard J. Davidson. [REVIEW]Beatrice Axelrod & Lang-Sheng Yun - 1998 - In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness Ii. MIT Press. pp. 2--247.
  49. International and Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Eric Voegelin. By Stephen A. McKnight and Geoffrey L. Price.W. Cristaudo - 1999 - The European Legacy 4:112-112.
     
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  50.  17
    Hughes, Glenn, Stephen A. McKnight, and Geoffrey L. Price, Eds. Politics, Order and History: Essays on the Work of Eric Voegelin. [REVIEW]Christopher A. Decaen - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (2):425-427.
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