Results for 'Kyle A. Fraser'

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  1. Aristoteles Ex Aristoteles: A Respondeto the Analytical Reconstruction of Aristotelian Ontology.Kyle A. Fraser - 2002 - Dionysius 20:51-70.
     
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  2.  11
    Recursive Mentalizing and Common Knowledge in the Bystander Effect.Kyle A. Thomas, Julian De Freitas, Peter DeScioli & Steven Pinker - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (5):621-629.
  3. Demonstrative Science and the Science of Being Qua Being.Kyle Fraser - 2002 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 22:43-81.
  4.  27
    Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Research Ethics Committees.C. A. Schuppli & D. Fraser - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (5):294-301.
    Research ethics committees—animal ethics committees for animal-based research and institutional research boards for human subjects—have a key role in research governance, but there has been little study of the factors influencing their effectiveness. The objectives of this study were to examine how the effectiveness of a research ethics committee is influenced by committee composition and dynamics, recruitment of members, workload, participation level and member turnover. As a model, 28 members of AECs at four universities in western Canada were interviewed. Committees (...)
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  5.  23
    An Indecent Proposal: The Dual Functions of Indirect Speech.Aleksandr Chakroff, Kyle A. Thomas, Omar S. Haque & Liane Young - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (1):199-211.
    People often use indirect speech, for example, when trying to bribe a police officer by asking whether there might be “a way to take care of things without all the paperwork.” Recent game theoretic accounts suggest that a speaker uses indirect speech to reduce public accountability for socially risky behaviors. The present studies examine a secondary function of indirect speech use: increasing the perceived moral permissibility of an action. Participants report that indirect speech is associated with reduced accountability for unethical (...)
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  6. A Theology of Power: Being Beyond Domination.Kyle A. Pasewark - 1993
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  7.  4
    Kierkegaard Reception in Modern Theology: A Review and Assessment.Kyle A. Roberts - 2015 - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 20 (1).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook Jahrgang: 20 Heft: 1 Seiten: 301-320.
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  8. Synaesthesia: The Prevalence of Atypical Cross-Modal Experiences.J. Simner, C. Mulvenna, N. Sagiv, E. Tsakanikos, S. A. Witherby, C. Fraser, K. Scott & J. Ward - 2006 - Perception 35 (8):1024-33.
  9. Loyalists, Localists, and Legibility: The Calibrated Control of Provincial Leadership Teams in China.Kyle A. Jaros & David J. Bulman - 2020 - Politics and Society 48 (2):199-234.
    Selecting provincial leaders is a fraught task for authoritarian regimes. Although central authorities more readily trust provincial leaders with close ties to the center, such loyalists may lack the local knowledge and connections necessary to govern adeptly. Using an original data set on the tenures and backgrounds of China’s provincial party standing committee members, this article explores how Beijing fine-tunes provincial leadership teams to resolve this dilemma. The analysis challenges the conventional wisdom that Beijing exerts its tightest personnel control in (...)
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  10.  28
    Discursivity, Heteroglossia, and Interest: Revisiting Herbert Kliebard's Dewey.Kyle A. Greenwalt - 2008 - Education and Culture 24 (2):pp. 41-53.
    This paper revisits Herbert Kliebard's figure of John Dewey in Kliebard's The Struggle for the American Curriculum . The paper argues that, while there are indeed reasons for the disembodied picture of Dewey that emerges from Struggle , such figuration ultimately has an effect that is overly reproductive: It ignores Dewey's efforts to live within and across institutional boundaries so as to reconstruct the practices and interests of the society in which he lived. Using the work of Bakhtin and Dewey, (...)
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  11.  39
    The Mindfulness Practice, Aesthetic Experience, and Creative Democracy.Kyle A. Greenwalt & Cuong H. Nguyen - 2017 - Education and Culture 33 (2):49.
    Like yoga before it, the Buddhist mindfulness practice is sweeping across North America. As only one example, Time magazine, discussing the Center for Disease Control's recent report on mindfulness in the workplace, led its story with the claim that "the American workforce is becoming more mindful."1 A growing number of Americans are now just as likely, it seems, to meditate as they are to pray, and the Four Noble Truths have, for some, surpassed the Ten Commandments as the foundation for (...)
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  12.  5
    Emerging Prophet: Kierkegaard and the Postmodern People of God.Kyle A. Roberts - 2013 - Cascade Books.
    For the first time, this book brings Kierkegaard into a dialogue with various postmodern forms of Christianity, on topics like revelation and the Bible, the atonement and moralism, and the church as an apologetic of witness.
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  13. Chapter One Reframing Justice in a Globalising World Nancy Fraser.Nancy Fraser - 2007 - In Julie Connolly, Michael Leach & Lucas Walsh (eds.), Recognition in Politics: Theory, Policy and Practice. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 16.
     
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  14. Demonstrative Science and the Science of Being Qua Being.Kyle Fraser - 2002 - In David Sedley (ed.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy Volume Xxii: Summer 2002. Oxford University Press.
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  15.  34
    A Content Analysis of Ethical Policy Statements Regarding Marketing Activities.Robert E. Hite, Joseph A. Bellizzi & Cynthia Fraser - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (10):771 - 776.
    Many large corporations now have written codes of ethics to guide the business/marketing activities of employees. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and types of topics which are covered in the ethics policy statements of large U.S. corporations. The results indicated that the topics covered most often (respectively) were: misuse of funds/improper accounting, conflicts of interest, political contributions, and confidential information. It is concluded that in addition to written ethics policy statements, top management should communicate ethical (...)
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  16. Being in a Position to Know is the Norm of Assertion.Christopher Willard‐Kyle - 2020 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 101 (2):328-352.
    This paper defends a new norm of assertion: Assert that p only if you are in a position to know that p. We test the norm by judging its performance in explaining three phenomena that appear jointly inexplicable at first: Moorean paradoxes, lottery propositions, and selfless assertions. The norm succeeds by tethering unassertability to unknowability while untethering belief from assertion. The PtK‐norm foregrounds the public nature of assertion as a practice that can be other‐regarding, allowing asserters to act in the (...)
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  17.  22
    Aristotle (C.) Shields Aristotle. Pp. Xvi + 456. London and New York: Routledge, 2007. Paper, £13.99, US$24.95 (Cased, £55, US$90). ISBN: 978-0-415-28332-8 (978-0-415-28331-1 Hbk). [REVIEW]Kyle Fraser - 2008 - The Classical Review 58 (2):389-.
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  18. Seriality and Demonstration in Aristotle's Ontology.Kyle Fraser - 2003 - In David Sedley (ed.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy Volume XXV. Oxford University Press.
     
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  19. Man, Mind and Heredity. Selected Papers of Eliot Slater on Psychiatry and Genetics.J. A. Fraser Roberts - 1972 - Journal of Biosocial Science 4 (4):494.
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  20. Proceedings of the Third International Congress of Human Genetics.J. A. Fraser Roberts - 1969 - Journal of Biosocial Science 1 (1):93.
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  21. Hypocrisy and the Standing to Blame.Kyle G. Fritz & Daniel Miller - 2018 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 99 (1):118-139.
    Hypocrites are often thought to lack the standing to blame others for faults similar to their own. Although this claim is widely accepted, it is seldom argued for. We offer an argument for the claim that nonhypocrisy is a necessary condition on the standing to blame. We first offer a novel, dispositional account of hypocrisy. Our account captures the commonsense view that hypocrisy involves making an unjustified exception of oneself. This exception-making involves a rejection of the impartiality of morality and (...)
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  22.  42
    When Hypocrisy Undermines the Standing to Blame: A Response to Rossi.Kyle G. Fritz & Daniel J. Miller - 2019 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 22 (2):379-384.
    In our 2018 paper, “Hypocrisy and the Standing to Blame,” we offer an argument justifying the Nonhypocrisy Condition on the standing to blame. Benjamin Rossi (2018) has recently offered several criticisms of this view. We defend our account from Rossi’s criticisms and emphasize our account’s unique advantage: explaining why hypocritical blamers lack the standing to blame.
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  23.  34
    Rescuing Stimuli From Invisibility: Inducing a Momentary Release From Visual Masking with Pre-Target Entrainment.Kyle E. Mathewson, Monica Fabiani, Gabriele Gratton, Diane M. Beck & Alejandro Lleras - 2010 - Cognition 115 (1):186-191.
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  24. Redistribution or Recognition? A Political-Philosophical Exchange.Nancy Fraser (ed.) - 2003 - Verso.
    This volume stages a debate between two philosophers, one North American, the other German, who hold different views of the relation of redistribution to ...
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  25.  5
    Increased Metabolic Activity in the Septum and Habenula During Stress is Linked to Subsequent Expression of Learned Helplessness Behavior.Martine M. Mirrione, Daniela Schulz, Kyle A. B. Lapidus, Samuel Zhang, Wayne Goodman & Fritz A. Henn - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  26.  11
    The Fading Affect Bias Shows Positive Outcomes at the General but Not the Individual Level of Analysis in the Context of Social Media.Jeffrey A. Gibbons, Kyle A. Horowitz & Spencer M. Dunlap - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 53:47-60.
  27.  18
    Attitudes of Canadian Pig Producers Toward Animal Welfare.Jeffrey M. Spooner, Catherine A. Schuppli & David Fraser - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (4):569-589.
    As part of a larger study eliciting Canadian producer and non-producer views about animal welfare, open-ended, semi-structured interviews were used to explore opinions about animal welfare of 20 Canadian pig producers, most of whom were involved in confinement-based systems. With the exception of the one organic producer, who emphasized the importance of a “natural” life, participants attached overriding importance to biological health and functioning. They saw their efforts as providing pigs with dry, thermally regulated, indoor environments where animals received abundant (...)
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  28. Scales of Justice: Reimagining Political Space in a Globalizing World.Nancy Fraser - 2009 - Columbia University Press.
    Targeting injustices that cut across borders, they are making the scale of justice an object of explicit struggle.Inspired by these efforts, Nancy Fraser asks: ...
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  29. Revisionist Reporting.Kyle Blumberg & Harvey Lederman - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (3):755-783.
    Several theorists have observed that attitude reports have what we call “revisionist” uses. For example, even if Pete has never met Ann and has no idea that she exists, Jane can still say to Jim ‘Pete believes Ann can learn to play tennis in ten lessons’ if Pete believes all 6-year-olds can learn to play tennis in ten lessons and it is part of Jane and Jim’s background knowledge that Ann is a 6-year-old. Jane’s assertion seems acceptable because the claim (...)
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  30.  20
    Exceeding Our Grasp.Kyle Stanford - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 137 (1):135-139.
    In the concluding chapter of Exceeding our Grasp Kyle Stanford outlines a positive response to the central issue raised brilliantly by his book, the problem of unconceived alternatives. This response, called "epistemic instrumentalism", relies on a distinction between instrumental and literal belief. We examine this distinction and with it the viability of Stanford's instrumentalism, which may well be another case of exceeding our grasp.
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  31.  64
    A Metaethical Option for Theists.Kyle Swan - 2006 - In Journal of Religious Ethics. pp. 3-20.
    John Hare has proposed “prescriptive realism” in an attempt to stake out a middle-ground position in the twentieth century Anglo-American debates concerning metaethics between substantive moral realists and antirealist-expressivists. The account is supposed to preserve both the normativity and objectivity of moral judgments. Hare defends a version of divine command theory. The proposal succeeds in establishing the middle-ground position Hare intended. However, I argue that prescriptive realism can be strengthened in an interesting way.
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  32. Trust, Expertise, and the Philosophy of Science.Kyle Powys Whyte & Robert Crease - 2010 - Synthese 177 (3):411-425.
    Trust is a central concept in the philosophy of science. We highlight how trust is important in the wide variety of interactions between science and society. We claim that examining and clarifying the nature and role of trust (and distrust) in relations between science and society is one principal way in which the philosophy of science is socially relevant. We argue that philosophers of science should extend their efforts to develop normative conceptions of trust that can serve to facilitate trust (...)
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  33.  25
    Nancy Fraser and Axel Honneth, Redistribution or Recognition? A Political-Philosophical Exchange.Paul Voice - 2005 - Politics and Ethics Review 1 (2):215.
  34. Scales of Justice: Reimagining Political Space in a Globalizing World.Nancy Fraser - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Until recently, struggles for justice proceeded against the background of a taken-for-granted frame: the bounded territorial state. With that "Westphalian" picture of political space assumed by default, the scope of justice was rarely subject to open dispute. Today, however, human-rights activists and international feminists join critics of structural adjustment and the World Trade Organization in challenging the view that justice can only be a domestic relation among fellow citizens. Targeting injustices that cut across borders, they are making the scale of (...)
     
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  35. Justice Interruptus: Critical Reflections on the "Postsocialist" Condition.Nancy Fraser - 1996 - Routledge.
    What does it mean to think critically about politics at a time when inequality is increasing worldwide, when struggles for the recognition of difference are eclipsing struggles for social equality, and when we lack any credible vision of an alternative to the present order? Philosopher Nancy Fraser claims that the key is to overcome the false oppositions of "postsocialist" commonsense. Refuting the view that we must choose between "the politics of recognition" and the "politics of redistribution," Fraser argues (...)
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  36. Do Great Minds Really Think Alike?Christopher Willard-Kyle - 2017 - Synthese 194 (3).
    Recently, a number of epistemologists (notably Feldman [2007], [2009] and White [2005], [2013]) have argued for the rational uniqueness thesis, the principle that any set of evidence permits only one rationally acceptable attitude toward a given proposition. In contrast, this paper argues for extreme rational permissivism, the view that two agents with the same evidence may sometimes arrive at contradictory beliefs rationally. This paper identifies different versions of uniqueness and permissivism that vary in strength and range, argues that evidential peers (...)
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  37.  7
    Nancy Fraser and Axel Honneth, Redistribution or Recognition? A Political-Philosophical Exchange.Paul Voice - 2005 - Journal of International Political Theory 1:215-217.
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  38.  7
    A Foucauldian Analysis of “A Neuroskeptic's Guide to Neuroethics and National Security”.Kyle Thomsen - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 1 (2):29-30.
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  39.  11
    Indigenous Food Sovereignty, Renewal and U.S. Settler Colonialism.Kyle Powys Whyte - 2016 - In Mary C. Rawlinson & Caleb Ward (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Food Ethics. London: Routledge. pp. 354-365.
    Indigenous peoples often embrace different versions of the concept of food sovereignty. Yet some of these concepts are seemingly based on impossible ideals of food self-sufficiency. I will suggest in this essay that for at least some North American Indigenous peoples, food sovereignty movements are not based on such ideals, even though they invoke concepts of cultural revitalization and political sovereignty. Instead, food sovereignty is a strategy of Indigenous resurgence that negotiates structures of settler colonialism that erase the ecological value (...)
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  40.  14
    Citizen Science on Your Smartphone: An ELSI Research Agenda: Currents in Contemporary Bioethics.Mark A. Rothstein, John T. Wilbanks & Kyle B. Brothers - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (4):897-903.
    Beginning in the 20th century, scientific research came to be dominated by a growing class of credentialed, professional scientists who overwhelmingly displaced the learned amateurs of an earlier time. By the end of the century, however, the exclusive realm of professional scientists conducting research was joined, to a degree, by “citizen scientists.” The term originally encompassed non-professionals assisting professional scientists by contributing observations and measurements to ongoing research enterprises. These collaborations were especially common in the environmental sciences, where citizen scientists (...)
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  41.  10
    Man, Mind and Heredity. Selected Papers of Eliot Slater on Psychiatry and Genetics. Edited by James Shields and Irving I. Gottesman. (Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore and London, 1971.) Price $15·00. [REVIEW]J. A. Fraser Roberts - 1972 - Journal of Biosocial Science 4 (4):494-495.
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  42.  8
    Proceedings of the Third International Congress of Human Genetics. Edited by James F. Crow and James V. Neel. Pp. Xviii + 578. (Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore; Oxford University Press, London. 1968.) Price £6 18s in UK. [REVIEW]J. A. Fraser Roberts - 1969 - Journal of Biosocial Science 1 (1):93-95.
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  43. How Are Thick Terms Evaluative?Brent G. Kyle - 2013 - Philosophers' Imprint 13:1-20.
    Ethicists are typically willing to grant that thick terms (e.g. ‘courageous’ and ‘murder’) are somehow associated with evaluations. But they tend to disagree about what exactly this relationship is. Does a thick term’s evaluation come by way of its semantic content? Or is the evaluation pragmatically associated with the thick term (e.g. via conversational implicature)? In this paper, I argue that thick terms are semantically associated with evaluations. In particular, I argue that many thick concepts (if not all) conceptually entail (...)
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  44. Embedded Attitudes.Kyle Blumberg & Ben Holguín - 2019 - Journal of Semantics 36 (3):377-406.
    This paper presents a puzzle involving embedded attitude reports. We resolve the puzzle by arguing that attitude verbs take restricted readings: in some environments the denotation of attitude verbs can be restricted by a given proposition. For example, when these verbs are embedded in the consequent of a conditional, they can be restricted by the proposition expressed by the conditional’s antecedent. We formulate and motivate two conditions on the availability of verb restrictions: a constraint that ties the content of restrictions (...)
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  45.  9
    A Metaethical Option for Theists.Kyle Swan - 2006 - Journal of Religious Ethics 34 (1):3-20.
    John Hare has proposed "prescriptive realism" in an attempt to stake out a middle-ground position in the twentieth century Anglo-American debates concerning metaethics between substantive moral realists and antirealist-expressivists. The account is supposed to preserve both the normativity and objectivity of moral judgments. Hare defends a version of divine command theory. The proposal succeeds in establishing the middle-ground position Hare intended. However, I argue that prescriptive realism can be strengthened in an interesting way.
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  46. The Unique Badness of Hypocritical Blame.Kyle G. Fritz & Daniel Miller - 2019 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 6.
    It is widely agreed that hypocrisy can undermine one’s moral standing to blame. According to the Nonhypocrisy Condition on standing, R has the standing to blame some other agent S for a violation of some norm N only if R is not hypocritical with respect to blame for violations of N. Yet this condition is seldom argued for. Macalester Bell points out that the fact that hypocrisy is a moral fault does not yet explain why hypocritical blame is standingless blame. (...)
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  47.  28
    Nudge, Nudge or Shove, Shove—The Right Way for Nudges to Increase the Supply of Donated Cadaver Organs.Kyle Powys Whyte, Evan Selinger, Arthur L. Caplan & Jathan Sadowski - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (2):32-39.
    Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein (2008) contend that mandated choice is the most practical nudge for increasing organ donation. We argue that they are wrong, and their mistake results from failing to appreciate how perceptions of meaning can influence people's responses to nudges. We favor a policy of default to donation that is subject to immediate family veto power, includes options for people to opt out (and be educated on how to do so), and emphasizes the role of organ procurement (...)
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  48.  72
    What Happens to Environmental Philosophy in a Wicked World?Paul B. Thompson & Kyle Powys Whyte - 2012 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (4):485-498.
    What is the significance of the wicked problems framework for environmental philosophy? In response to wicked problems, environmental scientists are starting to welcome the participation of social scientists, humanists, and the creative arts. We argue that the need for interdisciplinary approaches to wicked problems opens up a number of tasks that environmental philosophers have every right to undertake. The first task is for philosophers to explore new and promising ways of initiating philosophical research through conducting collaborative learning processes on environmental (...)
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  49.  3
    Justice Interruptus: Critical Reflections on the "Postsocialist" Condition.Nancy Fraser - 1996 - Routledge.
    Refuting the argument to choose between "the politics of recognition" and the "politics of redistribution," _Justice Interruptus_ integrates the best aspects of both. ********************************************************* ** What does it mean to think critically about politics at a time when inequality is increasing worldwide, when struggles for the recognition of difference are eclipsing struggles for social equality, and when we lack any credible vision of an alternative to the present order? Philosopher Nancy Fraser claims that the key is to overcome the (...)
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  50. The Expansion View of Thick Concepts.Brent G. Kyle - 2020 - Noûs 54 (4):914-944.
    This paper proposes a new Separabilist account of thick concepts, called the Expansion View (or EV). According to EV, thick concepts are expanded contents of thin terms. An expanded content is, roughly, the semantic content of a predicate along with modifiers. Although EV is a form of Separabilism, it is distinct from the only kind of Separabilism discussed in the literature, and it has many features that Inseparabilists want from an account of thick concepts. EV can also give non-cognitivists a (...)
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