Results for 'Loretta Iannascoli'

109 found
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  1. Verità E Ricerca: La Gnoseologia di Romano Guardini a Confronto Con la Filosofia Del Senso Comune.Loretta Iannascoli - 2008 - Casa Editrice Leonardo da Vinci.
  2.  38
    Review of 'Ethics and AIDS in Africa: The Challenge to Our Thinking' by Anton A. Van Niekerk and Loretta M. Kopelman (Eds). [REVIEW]Stephanie A. Nixon & Nkosinathi Ngcobo - 2007 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2:1.
    Book Review of 'Ethics and AIDS in Africa: The Challenge to Our Thinking' By Anton A. van Niekerk and Loretta M. Kopelman (Eds).
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  3.  23
    Ambiguities and Irresolvable Tensions in the ADA: A Reply to Loretta M. Kopelman and Anita Silvers.M. A. Gardell Cutter - 1996 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21 (2):225-235.
    This essay comments on the articles by Loretta M. Kopelman and Anita Silvers. It extends their analyses and concludes that consistency and the total absence of conflict may be unavailable when one interprets and applies the Americans with Disabilities Act.
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  4.  21
    Ambiguities and Irresolvable Tensions in the Ada: A Reply to Loretta M. Kopelman and Anita Silvers.Mary Ann Gardell Cutter - 1996 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21 (2):225-235.
    This essay comments on the articles by Loretta M. Kopelman and Anita Silvers. It extends their analyses and concludes that consistency and the total absence of conflict may be unavailable when one interprets and applies the Americans with Disabilities Act.
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  5.  95
    Building Bioethics-Conversations with Clouser and Friends on Medical Ethics: Edited by Loretta M Kopelman, Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1999, 250 Pages, Pound72.00. [REVIEW]Søren Holm - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (3):206-206.
  6.  5
    Loretta McGregor.Marcia Eveleigh, John C. Syler & Stephen F. Davis - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (4-6):320-322.
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  7.  26
    American Nursing: A Biographical DictionaryVern L. Bullough Olga Maranjian Church Alice P. SteinDictionary of American Nursing BiographyMartin Kaufman Joellen Watson Hawkins Loretta P. Higgins Alice Howell Friedman. [REVIEW]Joan E. Lynaugh - 1989 - Isis 80 (2):358-359.
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  8.  38
    Review Essay: Undivided Rights: Women of Color Organize for Reproductive Justice, Edited by Jael Silliman, Marlene Gerber Fried, Loretta Ross, and Elena R. Guti�Rrez; Policing the National Body: Race, Gender and Criminalization, Edited by Jael Silliman and Anannya Bhattacharjee; and Conquest: Sexual Violence and American Indian Genocide, by Andrea Smith.Sarah Lucia Hoagland - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (2):182-188.
  9.  12
    Julius A. Stratton;, Loretta H. Mannix. Mind and Hand: The Birth of MIT. Xix + 781 Pp., Apps., Illus., Bibl., Index. Cambridge, Mass./London: MIT Press, 2005. $55 .Charles M. Vest. Pursuing the Endless Frontier: Essays on MIT and the Role of Research Universities. Xxvi + 292 Pp., Index. Cambridge, Mass./London: MIT Press, 2004. $24.95. [REVIEW]Arne Hessenbruch - 2006 - Isis 97 (4):736-737.
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  10.  7
    Ethics & AIDS in Africa: The Challenge to Our Thinking – Edited by Anton A. Van Niekerk and Loretta M. Kopelman.G. R. McLean - 2007 - Developing World Bioethics 7 (3):157-162.
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  11.  11
    Anton A. Van Niekerk, Loretta M. Kopelman (Eds) (2005) Ethics & Aids in Africa—The Challenge to Our Thinking.Dirk Hagemeister - 2006 - Ethik in der Medizin 18 (3):280-282.
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  12.  18
    Ethics & AIDS in Africa: The Challenge to Our Thinking – Edited by Anton A. Van Niekerk and Loretta M. Kopelman. [REVIEW]G. R. McLean - 2007 - Developing World Bioethics 7 (3):157–162.
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  13. Loretta J. Ross.I. Homage - 1993 - In Stanlie M. James & Abena P. A. Busia (eds.), Theorizing Black Feminisms: The Visionary Pragmatism of Black Women. Routledge. pp. 143.
     
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  14.  17
    AIDS and Africa.Loretta M. Kopelman & Anton A. van Niekerk - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (2):139 – 142.
    Sub-Saharan Africa is the epicenter of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and in this issue of the Journal, seven authors discuss the moral, social and medical implications of having 70% of those stricken living in this area. Anton A. van Niekerk considers complexities of plague in this region (poverty, denial, poor leadership, illiteracy, women's vulnerability, and disenchantment of intimacy) and the importance of finding responses that empower its people. Solomon Benatar reinforces these issues, but also discusses the role of global politics in (...)
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  15.  50
    Vagueness.Loretta Torrago & Timothy Williamson - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (4):637.
    Consider an object or property a and the predicate F. Then a is vague if there are questions of the form: Is a F? that have no yes-or-no answers. In brief, vague properties and kinds have borderline instances and composite objects have borderline constituents. I'll use the expression "borderline cases" as a covering term for both. ;Having borderline cases is compatible with precision so long as every case is either borderline F, determinately F or determinately not F. Thus, in addition (...)
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  16.  66
    Minimal Risk as an International Ethical Standard in Research.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2004 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (3):351 – 378.
    Classifying research proposals by risk of harm is fundamental to the approval process and the most pivotal risk category in most regulations is that of “minimal risk.” If studies have no more than a minimal risk, for example, a nearly worldwide consensus exists that review boards may sometimes: (1) expedite review, (2) waive or modify some or all elements of informed consent, or (3) enroll vulnerable subjects including healthy children, incapacitated persons and prisoners even if studies do not hold out (...)
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  17.  18
    An Ethics of Welfare for Patients Diagnosed as Vegetative With Covert Awareness.Mackenzie Graham, Charles Weijer, Damian Cruse, Davinia Fernandez-Espejo, Teneille Gofton, Laura E. Gonzalez-Lara, Andrea Lazosky, Lorina Naci, Loretta Norton, Andrew Peterson, Kathy N. Speechley, Bryan Young & Adrian M. Owen - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (2):31-41.
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  18.  3
    On Pellegrino and Thomasma’s Admission of a Dilemma and Inconsistency.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (6):677-697.
    Edmund Pellegrino and David Thomasma’s writings have had a worldwide impact on discourse about the philosophy of medicine, professionalism, bioethics, healthcare ethics, and patients’ rights. Given their works’ importance, it is surprising that commentators have ignored their admission of an unresolved and troubling dilemma and inconsistency in their theory. The purpose of this article is to identify and state what problems worried them and to consider possible solutions. It is argued that their dilemma stems from their concerns about how to (...)
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  19.  36
    The Best Interests Standard for Incompetent or Incapacitated Persons of All Ages.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):187-196.
    When making decisions for adults who lack decision-making capacity and have no discernable preferences, widespread support exists for using the Best Interests Standard. This policy appeals to adults and is compatible with many important recommendations for persons facing end-of-life choices.Common objections to the policy are discussed as well as different meanings of this Standard identified, such as using it to express goals or ideals and to make practical decisions incorporating what reasonable persons would want. For reasons of consistency, fairness, and (...)
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  20.  13
    The Best Interests Standard for Incompetent or Incapacitated Persons of All Ages.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):187-196.
  21.  27
    Children as Research Subjects: A Dilemma.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2000 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (6):723-744.
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  22.  9
    Why the Best Interest Standard Is Not Self-Defeating, Too Individualistic, Unknowable, Vague or Subjective.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (8):34-36.
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  23.  53
    Bioethics as a Second-Order Discipline: Who is Not a Bioethicist?Loretta Kopelman - 2006 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (6):601 – 628.
    A dispute exists about whether bioethics should become a new discipline with its own methods, competency standards, duties, honored texts, and core curriculum. Unique expertise is a necessary condition for disciplines. Using the current literature, different views about the sort of expertise that might be unique to bioethicists are critically examined to determine if there is an expertise that might meet this requirement. Candidates include analyses of expertise based in "philosophical ethics," "casuistry," "atheoretical or situation ethics," "conventionalist relativism," "institutional guidance," (...)
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  24.  12
    Informed Consent for Functional MRI Research on Comatose Patients Following Severe Brain Injury: Balancing the Social Benefits of Research Against Patient Autonomy.Tommaso Bruni, Mackenzie Graham, Loretta Norton, Teneille Gofton, Adrian M. Owen & Charles Weijer - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (5):299-303.
    Functional MRI shows promise as a candidate prognostication method in acutely comatose patients following severe brain injury. However, further research is needed before this technique becomes appropriate for clinical practice. Drawing on a clinical case, we investigate the process of obtaining informed consent for this kind of research and identify four ethical issues. After describing each issue, we propose potential solutions which would make a patient’s participation in research compatible with her rights and interests. First, we defend the need for (...)
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  25.  45
    Rejecting the Baby Doe Rules and Defending a "Negative" Analysis of the Best Interests Standard.Loretta Kopelman - 2005 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (4):331 – 352.
    Two incompatible policies exist for guiding medical decisions for extremely premature, sick, or terminally ill infants, the Best Interests Standard and the newer, 20-year old "Baby Doe" Rules. The background, including why there were two sets of Baby Doe Rules, and their differences with the Best Interests Standard, are illustrated. Two defenses of the Baby Doe Rules are considered and rejected. The first, held by Reagan, Koop, and others, is a "right-to-life" defense. The second, held by some leaders of the (...)
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  26.  9
    Moral Problems in Assessing Research Risk.Loretta M. Kopelman - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  27. Ethical Considerations in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Research in Acutely Comatose Patients.Charles Weijer, Tommaso Bruni, Teneille Gofton, G. Bryan Young, Loretta Norton, Andrew Peterson & Adrian M. Owen - 2015 - Brain:0-0.
    After severe brain injury, one of the key challenges for medical doctors is to determine the patient’s prognosis. Who will do well? Who will not do well? Physicians need to know this, and families need to do this too, to address choices regarding the continuation of life supporting therapies. However, current prognostication methods are insufficient to provide a reliable prognosis. -/- Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) holds considerable promise for improving the accuracy of prognosis in acute brain injury patients. Nonetheless, (...)
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  28. Review Essay: Undivided Rights: Women of Color Organize for Reproductive Justice.Sarah Lucia Hoagland - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (2):182-188.
    Undivided Rights: Women of Color Organize for Reproductive Justice by JAEL SILLIMAN, MARLENE GERBER FRIED, LORETTA ROSS, and ELENA R. GUTIÉRREZ. Boston: South End Press, 2004; Policing the National Body: Race, Gender, and Criminalization, ed. JAEL SILLIMAN and ANANNYA BHATTACHARJEE. Cambridge, Mass.: South End Press, 2002; and Conquest: Sexual Violence and American Indian Genocide. ANDREA SMITH. Boston: South End Press, 2005.
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  29.  7
    What Conditions Justify Risky Nontherapeutic or "No Benefit" Pediatric Studies: A Sliding Scale Analysis.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (4):749-758.
  30.  5
    Pediatric Research Regulations Under Legal Scrutiny: Grimes Narrows Their Interpretation.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (1):38-49.
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  31.  50
    Using a New Analysis of the Best Interests Standard to Address Cultural Disputes: Whose Data, Which Values?Loretta M. Kopelman & Arthur E. Kopelman - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (5):373-391.
    Clinicians sometimes disagree about how much to honor surrogates’ deeply held cultural values or traditions when they differ from those of the host country. Such a controversy arose when parents requested a cultural accommodation to let their infant die by withdrawing life saving care. While both the parents and clinicians claimed to be using the Best Interests Standard to decide what to do, they were at an impasse. This standard is analyzed into three necessary and jointly sufficient conditions and used (...)
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  32.  18
    Pediatric Research Regulations Under Legal Scrutiny: Grimes Narrows Their Interpretation.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (1):38-49.
  33.  36
    Using the Best Interests Standard to Decide Whether to Test Children for Untreatable, Late-Onset Genetic Diseases.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2007 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (4):375 – 394.
    A new analysis of the Best Interests Standard is given and applied to the controversy about testing children for untreatable, severe late-onset genetic diseases, such as Huntington's disease or Alzheimer's disease. A professional consensus recommends against such predictive testing, because it is not in children's best interest. Critics disagree. The Best Interests Standard can be a powerful way to resolve such disputes. This paper begins by analyzing its meaning into three necessary and jointly sufficient conditions showing it: is an "umbrella" (...)
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  34.  32
    Toward a Science of Brain Death.Andrew Peterson, Loretta Norton, Lorina Naci, Adrian M. Owen & Charles Weijer - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (8):29-31.
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  35.  9
    What Conditions Justify Risky Nontherapeutic or “No Benefit” Pediatric Studies: A Sliding Scale Analysis.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (4):749-758.
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  36. Undivided Rights: Women of Color Organize for Reproductive Justice.Jael Silliman, Marlene Gerber Fried, Loretta Ross & Andrea Smith - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (2):182-188.
  37.  36
    Ethics of Neuroimaging After Serious Brain Injury.Charles Weijer, Andrew Peterson, Fiona Webster, Mackenzie Graham, Damian Cruse, Davinia Fernández-Espejo, Teneille Gofton, Laura E. Gonzalez-Lara, Andrea Lazosky, Lorina Naci, Loretta Norton, Kathy Speechley, Bryan Young & Adrian M. Owen - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):41.
    Patient outcome after serious brain injury is highly variable. Following a period of coma, some patients recover while others progress into a vegetative state (unresponsive wakefulness syndrome) or minimally conscious state. In both cases, assessment is difficult and misdiagnosis may be as high as 43%. Recent advances in neuroimaging suggest a solution. Both functional magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalography have been used to detect residual cognitive function in vegetative and minimally conscious patients. Neuroimaging may improve diagnosis and prognostication. These techniques (...)
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  38.  4
    When Can Children with Conditions Be in No-Benefit, Higher-Hazard Pediatric Studies?Loretta M. Kopelman - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (3):15 – 17.
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  39.  28
    The Incompatibility of the United Nations’ Goals and Conventionalist Ethical Relativism.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2005 - Developing World Bioethics 5 (3):234-243.
    ABSTRACTThe Universal Draft Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights seeks to provide moral direction to nations and their citizens on a series of bioethical concerns. In articulating principles, it ranks respect for human rights, human dignity and fundamental freedoms ahead of respect for cultural diversity and pluralism. This ranking is controversial because it entails the rejection of the popular theory, conventionalist ethical relativism. If consistently defended, this theory also undercuts other United Nations activities that assume member states and people around (...)
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  40.  11
    Using the Best-Interests Standard in Treatment Decisions for Young Children.Loretta M. Kopelman - forthcoming - Pediatric Bioethics.
  41.  20
    If HIV/AIDS is Punishment, Who is Bad?Loretta M. Kopelman - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (2):231 – 243.
    HIV/AIDS strikes with the greatest frequency in sub-Saharan Africa, a region lacking resources to deal with this epidemic. To keep millions more people from dying, wealthy countries must provide more help. Yet deeply ingrained biases may distance the sick from those who could provide far more aid. One such prejudice is viewing disease as punishment for sin. This 'punishment theory of disease" ascribes moral blame to those who get sick or those with special relations to them. Religious versions hold that (...)
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  42.  18
    What is Applied About "Applied" Philosophy?Loretta M. Kopelman - 1990 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (2):199-218.
    "Applied" is a technical term describing a variety of new philosophical enterprises. The author examines and rejects the view that these fields are derivative. Whatever principles, judgments, or background theories that are employed to solve problems in these areas are either changed by how they are used, or at least the possibility exists of their being changed. Hence we ought to stop calling these endeavors "applied", or agree that the meaning of "apply" will have to include the possibility that what (...)
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  43.  23
    On Justifying Pediatric Research Without the Prospect of Clinical Benefit.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (1):32 - 34.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 1, Page 32-34, January 2012.
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  44.  12
    Fetal Protection in Wisconsin's Revised Child Abuse Law: Right Goal, Wrong Remedy.Kenneth A. Ville & Loretta M. Kopelman - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (4):332-342.
  45.  12
    Fetal Protection in Wisconsin's Revised Child Abuse Law: Right Goal, Wrong Remedy.Kenneth A. De Ville & Loretta M. Kopelman - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (4):332-342.
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  46.  11
    Bioethics and Humanities: What Makes Us One Field?Loretta M. Kopelman - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (4):356 – 368.
    Bioethics and humanities (inclusive of medical ethics, health care ethics, environmental ethics, research ethics, philosophy and medicine, literature and medicine, and so on) seems like one field; yet colleagues come from different academic disciplines with distinct languages, methods, traditions, core curriculum and competency examinations. The author marks six related "framework" features that unite and make it one distinct field. It is a commitment to (1) work systematically on some of the momentous and well-defined sets of problems about the human condition (...)
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  47.  13
    Fetal Protection in Wisconsin's Revised Child Abuse Law: Right Goal, Wrong Remedy.Kenneth A. Ville & Loretta M. Kopelman - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (4):332-342.
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  48.  96
    What is the Role of the Precautionary Principle in the Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics?Loretta M. Kopelman, David Resnick & Douglas L. Weed - 2004 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (3):255 – 258.
    (2004). What is the Role of the Precautionary Principle in the Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 255-258.
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  49.  3
    The Role of Value Judgments in Psychiatric Practice.Loretta M. Kopelman - 1997 - In Alastair V. Campbell (ed.), Medical Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 275.
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  50.  26
    Normal Grief: Good or Bad? Health or Disease?Loretta M. Kopelman - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (4):209-220.
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