Results for 'Marc D. Street'

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  1.  96
    Ethical Decision Making: The Effects of Escalating Commitment. [REVIEW]Marc D. Street, Chris Robertson & Scott W. Geiger - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (11):1153-1161.
    Despite the recent emergence of many new ethical decision making models, there has been minimal emphasis placed on the impact of escalating commitment on the ethical decision making process. In this paper a new variable is introduced into the ethical decision making literature. This variable, exposure to escalation situations, is posited to increase the likelihood that individuals will choose unethical decision alternatives. Further, it is proposed that escalation situations should be included as a variable in Jones's (1991) comprehensive model of (...)
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  2.  80
    The Influence of Perceived Importance of an Ethical Issue on Moral Judgment, Moral Obligation, and Moral Intent.Russell Haines, Marc D. Street & Douglas Haines - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (2):387-399.
    The study extends and tests the issue contingent four-component model of ethical decision-making to include moral obligation. A web-based questionnaire was used to gauge the influence of perceived importance of an ethical issue on moral judgment and moral intent. Perceived importance of an ethical issue was found to be a predictor of moral judgment but not of moral intent as predicted. Moral obligation is suggested to be a process that occurs after a moral judgment is made and explained a significant (...)
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  3.  12
    Emotion-Cognition Interactions in Early Infant Development.Marc D. Lewis - 1993 - Cognition and Emotion 7 (2):145-170.
  4.  32
    An Emerging Dialogue Among Social Scientists and Neuroscientists on the Causal Bases of Emotion.Marc D. Lewis - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):223-234.
    The target article developed a dynamic systems framework that viewed the causal basis of emotion as a self-organizing process giving rise to cognitive appraisal concurrently. Commentators on the article evaluated this framework and the principles and mechanisms it incorporated. They also suggested additional principles, mechanisms, modeling strategies, and phenomena related to emotion and appraisal, in place of or extending from those already proposed. There was general agreement that nonlinear causal processes are fundamental to the psychology and neurobiology of emotion.
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  5. Bridging Emotion Theory and Neurobiology Through Dynamic Systems Modeling.Marc D. Lewis - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):169-194.
    Efforts to bridge emotion theory with neurobiology can be facilitated by dynamic systems (DS) modeling. DS principles stipulate higher-order wholes emerging from lower-order constituents through bidirectional causal processes cognition relations. I then present a psychological model based on this reconceptualization, identifying trigger, self-amplification, and self-stabilization phases of emotion-appraisal states, leading to consolidating traits. The article goes on to describe neural structures and functions involved in appraisal and emotion, as well as DS mechanisms of integration by which they interact. These mechanisms (...)
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  6. Computers, Health Records, and the Right to Privacy.Marc D. Hiller & Vivian Beyda - 1981 - In Medical Ethics and the Law: Implications for Public Policy. Ballinger Pub. Co..
     
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  7. Patient Rights and College Health.Marc D. Hiller - 1981 - In Medical Ethics and the Law: Implications for Public Policy. Ballinger Pub. Co..
     
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  8. Medical Ethics and Public Policy.Marc D. Hiller - 1981 - In Medical Ethics and the Law: Implications for Public Policy. Ballinger Pub. Co..
     
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  9.  1
    Medical Ethics and the Law: Implications for Public Policy.Marc D. Hiller (ed.) - 1981 - Ballinger Pub. Co..
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  10.  1
    Managed Care and Public Health.Marc D. Hiller - 2000 - Inquiry (Misc) 37 (3).
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  11. Jerusalem, Athens, and Rome: Essays in Honor of James V. Schall, S.J.Marc D. Guerra (ed.) - 2013 - St. Augustine's Press.
    James V. Schall, S.J. is unquestionably one of the wisest Catholic political thinkers of our time. For more than forty years, Fr. Schall has been an unabashed practitioner of what he does not hesitate to call Roman Catholic political philosophy. A prolific writer and renowned teacher at Georgetown University, Fr. Schall has helped to educate two generations of Catholic thinkers. The present volume brings together seventeen essays by noted scholars in honor of Fr. Schall. It is a testimony to Fr. (...)
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  12. James V. Schall on Politics and the Problem of Faith and Reason.Marc D. Guerra - 2001 - Gregorianum 82 (2):357-383.
    L'article est une introduction à la pensée politique /catholique de James V. Schall, S.J. Deux oeuvres majeures de Schall sur la théorie politique, Reason, Revelation and the Foundations of Political Philosophy et At the Limits of Political Philosophy: From « Brillant Errors » to Things of Uncommon Importance, présentent un exposé thomiste des origines et des fins de la philosophie politique. Pour Schall, la philosophie politique trouve son origine dans la reconnaissance de questions éternelles de base, telles la nature de (...)
     
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  13. Good and Bad de-Hellenization.Marc D. Guerra - 2010 - In Bainard Cowan (ed.), Gained Horizons: Regensburg and the Enlargement of Reason. St. Augustine's Press.
  14. 4. Christianity and Contemporary Political Life.Marc D. Guerra - 2008 - Logos- St. Thomas 11 (4).
  15. Reason, Revelation, and Human Affairs: Selected Writings of James V. Schall.Marc D. Guerra - 2001 - Lexington Books.
    This book is intended to serve as an introduction to the thought of James V. Schall, arguably one of the best, perhaps even the only, authentically Thomistic political scientist writing today. In contrast to main currents in contemporary Thomism, Schall remains conversant with the great tradition of political philosophy and therefore appreciates the complex and relatively imprecise nature of political reflection. In this book, the distinguished theorist addresses a wide range of subjects, including the question of overpopulation, the thought of (...)
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  16. Evolutionary and Developmental Foundations of Human Knowledge.Marc D. Hauser & Elizabeth Spelke - 2004 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences Iii. MIT Press.
    What are the brain and cognitive systems that allow humans to play baseball, compute square roots, cook soufflés, or navigate the Tokyo subways? It may seem that studies of human infants and of non-human animals will tell us little about these abilities, because only educated, enculturated human adults engage in organized games, formal mathematics, gourmet cooking, or map-reading. In this chapter, we argue against this seemingly sensible conclusion. When human adults exhibit complex, uniquely human, culture-specific skills, they draw on a (...)
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  17. Reviving Rawls's Linguistic Analogy: Operative Principles and the Causal Structure of Moral Actions.Marc D. Hauser, Liane Young & Fiery Cushman - 2007 - In Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.), Moral Psychology, Volume 2. MIT Press.
    The thesis we develop in this essay is that all humans are endowed with a moral faculty. The moral faculty enables us to produce moral judgments on the basis of the causes and consequences of actions. As an empirical research program, we follow the framework of modern linguistics.1 The spirit of the argument dates back at least to the economist Adam Smith (1759/1976) who argued for something akin to a moral grammar, and more recently, to the political philosopher John Rawls (...)
     
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  18. To Innovate or Not to Innovate? That is the Question.Marc D. Hauser - 2003 - In Simon M. Reader & Kevin N. Laland (eds.), Animal Innovation. Oxford University Press.
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  19. The Evolutionary Ancestry of Our Knowledge of Tools: From Percepts to Concepts.Marc D. Hauser & Laurie R. Santos - 2007 - In Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (eds.), Creations of the Mind: Theories of Artifacts and Their Representaion. Oxford University Press. pp. 267--288.
     
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  20.  84
    Getting Emotional - a Neural Perspective on Emotion, Intention, and Consciousness.Marc D. Lewis & Rebecca M. Todd - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (8-10):210-235.
    Intentions and emotions arise together, and emotions compel us to pursue goals. However, it is not clear when emotions become objects of awareness, how emotional awareness changes with goal pursuit, or how psychological and neural processes mediate such change. We first review a psychological model of emotional episodes and propose that goal obstruction extends the duration of these episodes while increasing cognitive complexity and emotional intensity. We suggest that attention is initially focused on action plans and their obstruction, and only (...)
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  21. Self‐Organization of Cognition‐Emotion Interactions.Marc D. Lewis & Isabela Granic - 1999 - In Tim Dalgleish & M. J. Powers (eds.), Handbook of Cognition and Emotion. Wiley. pp. 683--701.
     
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  22. Personality Self-Organization: Cascading Constraints on Cognition-Emotion Interaction.Marc D. Lewis - 1997 - In Alan Fogel, Maria C. D. P. Lyra & Jaan Valsiner (eds.), Dynamics and Indeterminism in Developmental and Social Processes. L. Erlbaum. pp. 294--193.
     
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  23.  9
    Self-Organising Cognitive Appraisals.Marc D. Lewis - 1996 - Cognition and Emotion 10 (1):1-26.
  24.  13
    Self-Organizing Brains Don't Develop Gradually.Marc D. Lewis - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):47-47.
    Some dynamic systems approaches posit discontinuous changes, even universal stages, in development. Conversely, Thelen and colleagues see development as gradual because it relies on real-time interactions among many components. Yet their new model hinges on one parameter, neural cooperativity, that should change discontinuously because it engenders new skills that catalyze neural connectivity. In fact, research on cortical connectivity finds development to be discontinuous, and possibly stage-like, based on experience-dependent and experience-independent factors.
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  25.  73
    Three Time Scales of Neural Self-Organization Underlying Basic and Nonbasic Emotions.Marc D. Lewis & Zhong-xu Liu - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (4):416-423.
    Our model integrates the nativist assumption of prespecified neural structures underpinning basic emotions with the constructionist view that emotions are assembled from psychological constituents. From a dynamic systems perspective, the nervous system self-organizes in different ways at different time scales, in relation to functions served by emotions. At the evolutionary scale, brain parts and their connections are specified by selective pressures. At the scale of development, connectivity is revised through synaptic shaping. At the scale of real time, temporary networks of (...)
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  26.  51
    The Ethics of Opinion in Academe: Questions for an Ethical and Administrative Dilemma. [REVIEW]Marc D. Hiller & Theodore D. Peters - 2005 - Journal of Academic Ethics 3 (2-4):183-203.
    If we accept that all plagiarism is wrong, the issue is black and white. But are there more challenging questions that color the issue with shades of gray that may influence or help clarify the ethical underpinnings of the act? Does intent matter? Does the venue matter? Does the form of writing matter? What about a professor when working as a private citizen, rather than in his/her academic role? Might plagiarism be mitigated when there is no associated financial gain? Is (...)
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  27.  4
    Beyond Canterbury: Can Medicine and Law Agree About Informed Consent? And Does It Matter?Marc D. Ginsberg - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (1):106-111.
    Informed consent is central to the law of the physicianpatient relationship, respecting patient autonomy. This paper addresses a conflict between law and medicine in defining informed consent. Additionally, it addresses the possibility that patients prefer not to be “informed“ and would defer decision-making to their physicians.
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  28.  29
    At the Limits of Political Philosophy: From “Brilliant Errors” to Things of Uncommon Importance. [REVIEW]Marc D. Guerra - 1999 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 73 (2):343-347.
  29.  15
    Neither Ancient nor Modern: Discerning Catholicism’s Claim About the Human Person.Marc D. Guerra - 2020 - Heythrop Journal 61 (1):58-69.
  30.  5
    Modernity, Creation, and Catholicism: Leo Strauss and Benedict XVI.Marc D. Guerra - 2017 - Heythrop Journal 58 (4).
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  31.  7
    Modernity, Creation, and Catholicism: Leo Strauss and Benedict XVI.Marc D. Guerra - 2018 - Heythrop Journal 59 (2):252-264.
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  32.  7
    Modernity, Creation, and Catholicism: Leo Strauss and Benedict XVI.Marc D. Guerra - 2016 - Heythrop Journal 57 (6).
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  33.  13
    The One, the Many, and the Mystical Body.Marc D. Guerra - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (5):904-914.
  34.  24
    A Worthy Enterprise Injured by Overinterpretation and Misrepresentation.Marc D. Hauser & Jon Sakata - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (4):638-638.
    The synthetic position adopted by Müller is weakened by a large number of overinterpretations and misrepresentations, together with a caricatured view of innateness and modularity.
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  35.  32
    A Primate Dictionary? Decoding the Function and Meaning of Another Species' Vocalizations.Marc D. Hauser - 2000 - Cognitive Science 24 (3):445-475.
  36.  32
    Artifactual Kinds and Functional Design Features: What a Primate Understands Without Language.Marc D. Hauser - 1997 - Cognition 64 (3):285-308.
  37.  94
    When Your Moral Organ is Right!Marc D. Hauser - 2008 - Think 7 (19):17-21.
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  38.  16
    Segmentation of the Speech Stream in a Non-Human Primate: Statistical Learning in Cotton-Top Tamarins.Marc D. Hauser, Elissa L. Newport & Richard N. Aslin - 2001 - Cognition 78 (3):B53-B64.
  39.  13
    Spontaneous Number Discrimination of Multi-Format Auditory Stimuli in Cotton-Top Tamarins.Marc D. Hauser, Stanislas Dehaene, Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz & Andrea L. Patalano - 2002 - Cognition 86 (2):B23-B32.
  40.  22
    Sunstein's Heuristics Provide Insufficient Descriptive and Explanatory Adequacy.Marc D. Hauser - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):553-554.
    In considering a domain of knowledge – language, music, mathematics, or morality – it is necessary to derive principles that can describe the mature state and explain how an individual reaches this state. Although Sunstein's heuristics go some way toward a description of our moral sense, it is not clear that they are at the right level of description, and as stated, they provide no guidelines for looking at the acquisition process – the problem of explanatory adequacy.
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  41. Segmentation of the Speech Stream in a Non-Human Primate: Statistical Learning in Cotton-Top Tamarins.Marc D. Hauser, Elissa L. Newport & Richard N. Aslin - 2001 - Cognition 78 (3):B53-B64.
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  42.  29
    RETRACTED: Rule Learning by Cotton-Top Tamarins.Marc D. Hauser, Daniel Weiss & Gary Marcus - 2002 - Cognition 86 (1):B15-B22.
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  43.  13
    Reidentification and Redescription.Marc D. Hauser & W. Tecumseh Fitch - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):74-74.
    Millikan's account of substance concepts fails to do away with features. Her approach simply moves the suite of relevant features into an encapsulated module. The crux of the problem for scientists studying human infants and nonhuman animals is to determine how individuals reidentify objects and events in the world.
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  44.  1
    Artifactual Kinds and Functional Design Features: What a Primate Understands Without Language.Marc D. Hauser - 1997 - Cognition 64 (3):285-308.
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  45.  25
    Of Mice and Men, Nature and Nurture, and a Few Red Herrings.Marc D. Hauser - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  46.  21
    If You've Got It, Why Not Flaunt It? Monkeys with Broca's Area but No Syntactical Structure to Their Vocal Utterances.Marc D. Hauser - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):564-564.
  47.  13
    Human Language: Are Nonhuman Precursors Lacking?Marc D. Hauser & Nathan D. Wolfea - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):190-191.
    Contra Wilkins & Wakefield, we argue that an evolutionarily inspired approach to language must consider different facets of language (i.e., more than syntax and semantics), and must explore the possibility of nonhuman precursors. Several examples are discussed, illustrating the power of the comparative approach in illuminating our understanding of language evolution.
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  48.  28
    Unifying Psychophysics: And What If Things Are Not so Simple?Marc Brysbaert & Géry D'Ydewalle - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):271-273.
  49.  16
    Joseph Heath, Philosophical Foundations of Climate Change Policy (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2021), Pp. 339.Marc D. Davidson - 2022 - Utilitas 34 (3):351-355.
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  50.  12
    Rights to Ecosystem Services.Marc D. Davidson - 2014 - Environmental Values 23 (4):465-483.
    Ecosystem services are the benefits people obtain from ecosystems. Many of these services are provided outside the borders of the land where they are produced. This article investigates who is entitled to these non-excludable ecosystem services from a libertarian perspective. Taking a right-libertarian perspective, it is concluded that the beneficiaries generally hold the right to use non-excludable ecosystem services and the right to landowners not converting ecosystems. Landowners are only at liberty to convert ecosystems if they appropriated their land before (...)
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