Results for 'Matthew W. Seeger'

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  1.  52
    Virtuous Responses to Organizational Crisis: Aaron Feuerstein and Milt Colt. [REVIEW]Matthew W. Seeger & Robert R. Ulmer - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 31 (4):369 - 376.
    This study examines two recent cases of ethical responses to crisis management; the 1995 fire at Malden Mills and Aaron Feuerstein''s response, and a 1998 fire at Cole Hardwoods, followed by the response of CEO Milt Cole. The authors describe these crises, the responses of Feuerstein and Cole, their motivations and the impact on crisis stakeholders using the principles of virtue ethics and effective crisis management. What emerges is set of post-crisis virtues grounded in values of corporate social responsibility and (...)
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  2.  14
    Ethical Issues in Corporate Speechwriting.Matthew W. Seeger - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (7):501 - 504.
    Executive speechwriting is a common practice in most large organizations. This activity, however, raises a number of ethical questions about responsibility and about audience deception. This essay explores the ethics of speechwriting from three perspectives and offers some general guidelines for maintaining ethical standards when using speechwriters.
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  3. Set Size and the Part–Whole Principle.Matthew W. Parker - 2013 - Review of Symbolic Logic (4):1-24.
    Recent work has defended “Euclidean” theories of set size, in which Cantor’s Principle (two sets have equally many elements if and only if there is a one-to-one correspondence between them) is abandoned in favor of the Part-Whole Principle (if A is a proper subset of B then A is smaller than B). It has also been suggested that Gödel’s argument for the unique correctness of Cantor’s Principle is inadequate. Here we see from simple examples, not that Euclidean theories of set (...)
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  4. Three Concepts of Decidability for General Subsets of Uncountable Spaces.Matthew W. Parker - 2003 - Theoretical Computer Science 351 (1):2-13.
    There is no uniquely standard concept of an effectively decidable set of real numbers or real n-tuples. Here we consider three notions: decidability up to measure zero [M.W. Parker, Undecidability in Rn: Riddled basins, the KAM tori, and the stability of the solar system, Phil. Sci. 70(2) (2003) 359–382], which we abbreviate d.m.z.; recursive approximability [or r.a.; K.-I. Ko, Complexity Theory of Real Functions, Birkhäuser, Boston, 1991]; and decidability ignoring boundaries [d.i.b.; W.C. Myrvold, The decision problem for entanglement, in: R.S. (...)
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  5.  15
    Grammatical Licensing and Relative Clause Parsing in a Flexible Word-Order Language.Matthew W. Wagers, Manuel F. Borja & Sandra Chung - 2018 - Cognition 178:207-221.
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  6.  24
    The Importance of Formative Assessment in Science and Engineering Ethics Education: Some Evidence and Practical Advice.Matthew W. Keefer, Sara E. Wilson, Harry Dankowicz & Michael C. Loui - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (1):249-260.
    Recent research in ethics education shows a potentially problematic variation in content, curricular materials, and instruction. While ethics instruction is now widespread, studies have identified significant variation in both the goals and methods of ethics education, leaving researchers to conclude that many approaches may be inappropriately paired with goals that are unachievable. This paper speaks to these concerns by demonstrating the importance of aligning classroom-based assessments to clear ethical learning objectives in order to help students and instructors track their progress (...)
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  7.  62
    On the Rationale for Distinguishing Arguments From Explanations.Matthew W. McKeon - 2013 - Argumentation 27 (3):283-303.
    Even with the lack of consensus on the nature of an argument, the thesis that explanations and arguments are distinct is near orthodoxy in well-known critical thinking texts and in the more advanced argumentation literature. In this paper, I reconstruct two rationales for distinguishing arguments from explanations. According to one, arguments and explanations are essentially different things because they have different structures. According to the other, while some explanations and arguments may have the same structure, they are different things because (...)
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  8.  51
    Curricular Design And Assessment In Professional Ethics Education: Some Practical Advice.Matthew W. Keefer & Michael Davis - 2012 - Teaching Ethics 13 (1):81-90.
  9.  75
    Philosophical Method and Galileo's Paradox of Infinity.Matthew W. Parker - 2008 - In Bart Van Kerkhove (ed.), New Perspectives on Mathematical Practices: Essays in Philosophy and History of Mathematics : Brussels, Belgium, 26-28 March 2007. World Scientfic.
    We consider an approach to some philosophical problems that I call the Method of Conceptual Articulation: to recognize that a question may lack any determinate answer, and to re-engineer concepts so that the question acquires a definite answer in such a way as to serve the epistemic motivations behind the question. As a case study we examine “Galileo’s Paradox”, that the perfect square numbers seem to be at once as numerous as the whole numbers, by one-to-one correspondence, and yet less (...)
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  10.  13
    Lexical Predictability During Natural Reading: Effects of Surprisal and Entropy Reduction.Matthew W. Lowder, Wonil Choi, Fernanda Ferreira & John M. Henderson - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S4):1166-1183.
    What are the effects of word-by-word predictability on sentence processing times during the natural reading of a text? Although information complexity metrics such as surprisal and entropy reduction have been useful in addressing this question, these metrics tend to be estimated using computational language models, which require some degree of commitment to a particular theory of language processing. Taking a different approach, this study implemented a large-scale cumulative cloze task to collect word-by-word predictability data for 40 passages and compute surprisal (...)
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  11.  5
    Natural Forces as Agents: Reconceptualizing the Animate–Inanimate Distinction.Matthew W. Lowder & Peter C. Gordon - 2015 - Cognition 136:85-90.
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  12. Computing the Uncomputable; or, The Discrete Charm of Second-Order Simulacra.Matthew W. Parker - 2009 - Synthese 169 (3):447-463.
    We examine a case in which non-computable behavior in a model is revealed by computer simulation. This is possible due to differing notions of computability for sets in a continuous space. The argument originally given for the validity of the simulation involves a simpler simulation of the simulation, still further simulations thereof, and a universality conjecture. There are difficulties with that argument, but there are other, heuristic arguments supporting the qualitative results. It is urged, using this example, that absolute validation, (...)
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  13.  16
    Undecidable Long-Term Behavior in Classical Physics: Foundations, Results, and Interpretation.Matthew W. Parker - 2005 - Dissertation, University of Chicago
    The behavior of some systems is non-computable in a precise new sense. One infamous problem is that of the stability of the solar system: Given the initial positions and velocities of several mutually gravitating bodies, will any eventually collide or be thrown off to infinity? Many have made vague suggestions that this and similar problems are undecidable: no finite procedure can reliably determine whether a given configuration will eventually prove unstable. But taken in the most natural way, this is trivial. (...)
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  14.  95
    The Concept of Logical Consequence: An Introduction to Philosophical Logic.Matthew W. McKeon - 2010 - Peter Lang.
    Introduction -- The concept of logical consequence -- Tarski's characterization of the common concept of logical consequence -- The logical consequence relation has a modal element -- The logical consequence relation is formal -- The logical consequence relation is A priori -- Logical and non-logical terminology -- The meanings of logical terms explained in terms of their semantic properties -- The meanings of logical terms explained in terms of their inferential properties -- Model-theoretic and deductive-theoretic conceptions of logic -- Linguistic (...)
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  15. Undecidability in Rn: Riddled Basins, the KAM Tori, and the Stability of the Solar System.Matthew W. Parker - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (2):359-382.
    Some have suggested that certain classical physical systems have undecidable long-term behavior, without specifying an appropriate notion of decidability over the reals. We introduce such a notion, decidability in (or d- ) for any measure , which is particularly appropriate for physics and in some ways more intuitive than Ko's (1991) recursive approximability (r.a.). For Lebesgue measure , d- implies r.a. Sets with positive -measure that are sufficiently "riddled" with holes are never d- but are often r.a. This explicates Sommerer (...)
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  16. More Trouble for Regular Probabilitites.Matthew W. Parker - 2012
    In standard probability theory, probability zero is not the same as impossibility. But many have suggested that only impossible events should have probability zero. This can be arranged if we allow infinitesimal probabilities, but infinitesimals do not solve all of the problems. We will see that regular probabilities are not invariant over rigid transformations, even for simple, bounded, countable, constructive, and disjoint sets. Hence, regular chances cannot be determined by space-time invariant physical laws, and regular credences cannot satisfy seemingly reasonable (...)
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  17.  22
    Did Poincare Really Discover Chaos? [REVIEW]Matthew W. Parker - 1998 - Studies in the History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 29 (4):575-588.
  18.  20
    A Neurocomputational Model of the N400 and the P600 in Language Processing.Harm Brouwer, Matthew W. Crocker, Noortje J. Venhuizen & John C. J. Hoeks - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S6).
    Ten years ago, researchers using event-related brain potentials to study language comprehension were puzzled by what looked like a Semantic Illusion: Semantically anomalous, but structurally well-formed sentences did not affect the N400 component—traditionally taken to reflect semantic integration—but instead produced a P600 effect, which is generally linked to syntactic processing. This finding led to a considerable amount of debate, and a number of complex processing models have been proposed as an explanation. What these models have in common is that they (...)
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  19.  27
    The Influence of the Immediate Visual Context on Incremental Thematic Role-Assignment: Evidence From Eye-Movements in Depicted Events.Pia Knoeferle, Matthew W. Crocker, Christoph Scheepers & Martin J. Pickering - 2005 - Cognition 95 (1):95-127.
  20.  18
    Understanding Morality From an Evolutionary Perspective: Challenges and Opportunities.Matthew W. Keefer - 2013 - Educational Theory 63 (2):113-132.
    In recent years, there has been a proliferation of new research on moral thinking informed by evolutionary theory. The new findings have emanated from a wide variety of fields. While there is no shortage of theoretical models that attempt to account for specific research findings, Matthew Keefer's goals in this essay are more general. First, he examines the strength of the evolutionary approach to understanding morality and moral emotions as adaptations to cooperation. Second, he considers the importance of unconscious (...)
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  21.  12
    Investigating Joint Attention Mechanisms Through Spoken Human–Robot Interaction.Maria Staudte & Matthew W. Crocker - 2011 - Cognition 120 (2):268-291.
  22.  17
    The Coordinated Interplay of Scene, Utterance, and World Knowledge: Evidence From Eye Tracking.Pia Knoeferle & Matthew W. Crocker - 2006 - Cognitive Science 30 (3):481-529.
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  23.  55
    Do Deaf Individuals See Better?Daphne Bavelier, Matthew W. G. Dye & Peter C. Hauser - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (11):512-518.
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  24.  7
    Rejecting Impulsivity as a Psychological Construct: A Theoretical, Empirical, and Sociocultural Argument.Justin C. Strickland & Matthew W. Johnson - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (2):336-361.
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  25.  32
    Do Deaf Individuals See Better?Peter C. Hauser Daphne Bavelier, Matthew W. G. Dye - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (11):512.
  26.  11
    Some Ghost Facts From Achaemenid Babylonian Texts.Matthew W. Stolper - 1988 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 108:196-198.
  27.  50
    Plying Atomic Waters: Lauren Donaldson and the "Fern Lake Concept" of Fisheries Management. [REVIEW]Matthew W. Klingle - 1998 - Journal of the History of Biology 31 (1):1 - 32.
  28.  21
    Somatic Influences on Subjective Well-Being and Affective Disorders: The Convergence of Thermosensory and Central Serotonergic Systems.Charles L. Raison, Matthew W. Hale, Lawrence E. Williams, Tor D. Wager & Christopher A. Lowry - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  29.  6
    The Influence of Speaker Gaze on Listener Comprehension: Contrasting Visual Versus Intentional Accounts.Maria Staudte, Matthew W. Crocker, Alexis Heloir & Michael Kipp - 2014 - Cognition 133 (1):317-328.
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  30.  15
    Learning to Attend: A Connectionist Model of Situated Language Comprehension.Marshall R. Mayberry, Matthew W. Crocker & Pia Knoeferle - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (3):449-496.
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  31.  37
    A Probabilistic Model of Semantic Plausibility in Sentence Processing.Ulrike Padó, Matthew W. Crocker & Frank Keller - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (5):794-838.
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  32.  7
    Spaces of Consumption in Environmental History.Matthew W. Klingle - 2003 - History and Theory 42 (4):94–110.
    Consumption has emerged as an important historical subject, with most scholars explaining it as a vehicle for therapeutic regeneration, community formation, or economic policy. This work all but ignores how consumption begins with changes to the material world, to physical nature. While environmental historians have something important, even unique, to say about consumption, the split between materialist and cultural analyses within the field has dulled its ability to study consumption as a process and phenomenon that unfolds over space and time. (...)
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  33.  3
    On the Proper Treatment of the N400 and P600 in Language Comprehension.Brouwer Harm & W. Crocker Matthew - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  34.  8
    Developing Incrementality in Filler-Gap Dependency Processing.Emily Atkinson, Matthew W. Wagers, Jeffrey Lidz, Colin Phillips & Akira Omaki - 2018 - Cognition 179:132-149.
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  35.  16
    The Interplay of Cross‐Situational Word Learning and Sentence‐Level Constraints.Judith Koehne & Matthew W. Crocker - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (5):849-889.
    A variety of mechanisms contribute to word learning. Learners can track co-occurring words and referents across situations in a bottom-up manner. Equally, they can exploit sentential contexts, relying on top–down information such as verb–argument relations and world knowledge, offering immediate constraints on meaning. When combined, CSWL and SLCL potentially modulate each other's influence, revealing how word learners deal with multiple mechanisms simultaneously: Do they use all mechanisms? Prefer one? Is their strategy context dependent? Three experiments conducted with adult learners reveal (...)
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  36.  8
    The Contribution of Phonological Knowledge, Memory, and Language Background to Reading Comprehension in Deaf Populations.Elizabeth A. Hirshorn, Matthew W. G. Dye, Peter Hauser, Ted R. Supalla & Daphne Bavelier - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  37.  49
    Getting Started: Helping a New Profession Develop an Ethics Program.Michael Davis & Matthew W. Keefer - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):259-264.
    Both of us have been involved with helping professions, especially new scientific or technological professions, develop ethics programs—for undergraduates, graduates, and practitioners. By “ethics program”, we mean any strategy for teaching ethics, including developing materials. Our purpose here is to generalize from that experience to identify the chief elements needed to get an ethics program started in a new profession. We are focusing on new professions for two reasons. First, all the older professions, both in the US and in most (...)
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  38.  27
    Self‐Explanations: How Students Study and Use Examples in Learning to Solve Problems.Michelene T. H. Chi, Miriam Bassok, Matthew W. Lewis, Peter Reimann & Robert Glaser - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (2):145-182.
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  39.  85
    The Life and Death of Gene Families.Jeffery P. Demuth & Matthew W. Hahn - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (1):29-39.
  40. The Cosmopolitan Evolution: Travel, Travel Narratives, and the Revolution of the Eighteenth-Century European Consciousness.Matthew W. Binney - 2006 - Upa.
    Working from the concept of cosmopolitanism and incorporating textual evidence from philosophy, drama of the English Renaissance, seventeenth-century travel narratives, and eighteenth-century literature, The Cosmopolitan Evolution, explores the interactions between the European consciousness and the foreign. The book also chronicles the development of cosmopolitanism from a form of representative universalism, which seeks to enfold all humans under on ideal, towards complex universalism, which seeks to account for alternate and particular views.
     
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  41.  15
    Testing Public Health Ethics: Why the CDC's HIV Screening Recommendations May Violate the Least Infringement Principle.Matthew W. Pierce, Suzanne Maman, Allison K. Groves, Elizabeth J. King & Sarah C. Wyckoff - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (2):263-271.
    The least infringement principle has been widely endorsed by public health scholars. According to this principle, public health policies may infringe upon “general moral considerations” in order to achieve a public health goal, but if two policies provide the same public health benefit, then policymakers should choose the one that infringes least upon “general moral considerations.” General moral considerations can encompass a wide variety of goals, including fair distribution of burdens and benefits, protection of privacy and confidentiality, and respect for (...)
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  42.  6
    Matthew W. Bates, The Birth of the Trinity: Jesus, God, and Spirit in New Testament and Early Christian Interpretations of the Old Testament.Adam Ployd - 2016 - Augustinian Studies 47 (2):229-233.
  43.  16
    Effects of Divided Attention at Retrieval on Conceptual Implicit Memory.Matthew W. Prull, Courtney Lawless, Helen M. Marshall & Annabella T. K. Sherman - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  44.  7
    Editorial: The Role of the Distinctions Between Identification/Production and Perceptual/Conceptual Processes in Implicit Memory: Findings From Cognitive Psychology, Neuroscience and Neuropsychology.Matthew W. Prull & Pietro Spataro - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  45.  21
    Sacred Communication in the Writings of Georges Bataille.Matthew W. Sanderson - 2004 - International Studies in Philosophy 36 (2):79-94.
  46.  26
    A Field of Dreams.Matthew W. Self & Pieter R. Roelfsema - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (1):6-7.
  47.  4
    More (of the Right Strategies) is Better: Disaggregating the Naturalistic Between- and Within-Person Structure and Effects of Emotion Regulation Strategies.Matthew W. Southward & Jennifer S. Cheavens - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (8):1729-1736.
    Although people often use multiple strategies to regulate their emotions, it is unclear if using more strategies effectively changes emotional outcomes. This may be because there is no clear, data-...
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  48.  4
    A Late-Achaemenid Lease From The Rich Collection.Matthew W. Stolper - 1994 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (4):625-627.
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  49.  8
    A Paper Chase After The Aramaic On Tcl 13 193.Matthew W. Stolper - 1996 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 116 (3):517-521.
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  50.  14
    Economic History in Babylonia - Pirngruber the Economy of Late Achaemenid and Seleucid Babylonia. Pp. XIV + 249, Figs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. Cased, £64.99, Us$99.99. Isbn: 978-1-107-10606-2. [REVIEW]Matthew W. Stolper - 2019 - The Classical Review 69 (1):207-210.
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