Results for 'Realism History'

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  1.  9
    Memory, History, and Pluripotency: A Realist View of Literary Studies.Martin Goffeney - 2013 - Cosmos and History 9 (2):44-59.
    Speculative realism has, over the course of its rapid and controversial emergence in the past decade, been frequently criticized from the perspective of historical materialism, for its putative reliance on abstraction and eschewal of a sufficiently rigorous ideological alignment. This paper takes such critiques as a starting point for an examination of the contributions recent thought in the area of speculative realism has to offer the study of the humanities – specifically, the study of literature and literary (...). In particular, contemporary realist thought has the potential to enable scholars of literature to move beyond the anthropocentric and specialized notions of history as an exclusively cultural entity, which have dominated the discipline since the twentieth century. Paying especially close attention to the work of Graham Harman and Manuel DeLanda, it is my argument that emergent realist philosophy offers literary scholars a set of powerful conceptual tools which can be put toward the work of accounting for the hitherto neglected ontological status of the literary text – illuminating the status of the text as a particular variety of real and physical object that participates in a system of real and physical history and memory. (shrink)
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  2. A Thing of This World: A History of Continental Anti-Realism.Lee Braver - 2007 - Northwestern University Press.
    At a time when the analytic/continental split dominates contemporary philosophy, this ambitious work offers a careful and clear-minded way to bridge that divide. Combining conceptual rigor and clarity of prose with historical erudition, A Thing of This World shows how one of the standard issues of analytic philosophy—realism and anti-realism—has also been at the heart of continental philosophy. Using a framework derived from prominent analytic thinkers, Lee Braver traces the roots of anti-realism to Kant's idea that the (...)
     
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  3.  85
    A Brief History of Continental Realism.Lee Braver - 2012 - Continental Philosophy Review 45 (2):261-289.
    This paper explains the nature and origin of what I am calling Transgressive Realism, a middle path between realism and anti-realism which tries to combine their strengths while avoiding their weaknesses. Kierkegaard created the position by merging Hegel’s insistence that we must have some kind of contact with anything we can call real (thus rejecting noumena), with Kant’s belief that reality fundamentally exceeds our understanding; human reason should not be the criterion of the real. The result is (...)
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  4.  19
    A Thing of This World: A History of Continental Anti-Realism (Review).Santiago Zabala - 2010 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (4):539-540.
    Proposing a new interpretation of Being or, which amounts to the same, of the history of philosophy, is among the most difficult tasks a philosopher can set for himself. It is much easier to describe a particular philosopher’s understanding of Being or a theme in a particular epoch in the history of philosophy, because other established interpretations are available upon which one may rely to justify his own contribution, if only by contrasting it to others. This, after all, (...)
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  5. The Mass Ornament: Weimar EssaysCritical Realism: History, Photography, and the Work of Siegfried Kracauer.Lydia Goehr, Siegfried Kracauer, Thomas Y. Levin & Dagmar Barnouw - 1996 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 54 (4):397.
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  6.  3
    The Relevance of Evidence From the History of Science in the Contemporary Realism/Anti-Realism Debate.K. Brad Wray - 2018 - Spontaneous Generations 9 (1):143-145.
    It is widely assumed that it is the anti-realist who stakes his case on evidence from the history of science. I argue that realists have failed to recognize the need to collect evidence from the history of science to support their methodological claims, and anti-realists do not rely on evidence from the history of science to the extent that many suggest.
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  7. Lee Braver: A Thing of This World: A History of Continental Anti-Realism[REVIEW]Paul Livingston - 2012 - Continental Philosophy Review 45 (1):161-170.
    Lee Braver: A thing of this world: A history of continental anti-realism Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-10 DOI 10.1007/s11007-011-9210-9 Authors Paul Livingston, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA Journal Continental Philosophy Review Online ISSN 1573-1103 Print ISSN 1387-2842.
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  8.  30
    Jean Baudrillard and Cinema: The Problems of Technology, Realism and History.Gerry Coulter - 2010 - Film-Philosophy 14 (2):6-20.
    Jean Baudrillard loved cinema and was fascinated by the collusions which occur between it and life. He also believed that technologies of virtualization and the pursuit of realism were deeply harmful to the quality of the cinematic image. Precisely at the time when cinema was subject to these forces he pointed out that it is coming to play a far more important role in the collective understanding of history than are the best scholarly histories. Because of the focus (...)
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  9.  4
    Realism, Radical Constructivism, and Film History.Nick Redfern - 2006 - Essays in Philosophy 7 (2):10.
    As a technology and an art form perceived to be capable of reproducing the world, it has long been thought that the cinema has a natural affinity with reality. In this essay I consider the Realist theory of film history out forward by Robert C. Allen and Douglas Gomery from the perspective of Radical Constructivism. I argue that such a Realist theory cannot provide us with a viable approach to film history as it presents a flawed description of (...)
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  10.  72
    The History of Philosophy Conceived as a Struggle Between Nominalism and Realism.Cornelis de Waal - 2010 - Semiotica 2010 (179):295-313.
    In this article I trace some of the main tenets of the struggle between nominalism and realism as identified by John Deely in his Four ages of understanding. The aim is to assess Deely’s claim that the Age of Modernity was nominalist and that the coming age, the Age of Postmodernism — which he portrays as a renaissance of the late middle ages and as starting with Peirce — is realist. After a general overview of how Peirce interpreted the (...)
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  11.  68
    Realism, Conventionalism, and the History of Science.Olaf Tollefsen - 1982 - New Scholasticism 56 (3):292-305.
  12. Metaphysical Realism and Moral Relativism: Reflections on Hilary Putnam's Reason, Truth and History.Gilbert Harman - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (10):568-575.
    Putnam rejects "metaphysical realism," which takes "the world" to be a single complex thing, a connected causal or explanatory order into which all facts fit. he argues that such metaphysical realism is responsible for views he finds implausible; in particular, it can lead to moral relativism when one tries to locate the place of value in the world of fact. i agree that metaphysical realism will lead a thoughtful philosopher to moral relativism, but find neither of these (...)
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  13. Rejected Posits, Realism, and the History of Science.Alberto Cordero - unknown
    Summary: Responding to Laudan’s skeptical reading of history an influential group of realists claim that the seriously wrong claims past successful theories licensed were not really implicated in the predictions that once singled them out as successful. For example, in the case of Fresnel’s theory of light, it is said that although he appealed to the ether he didn’t actually need to in order to derive his famous experimental predictions—in them, we are assured, the ether concept was “idle,” “inessential,” (...)
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  14. Scientific Realism and the History of Science.Michael Esfeld - 2005 - Philosophy 1:1-15.
    The paper considers the two main challenges to scientific realism, stemming from confirmation holism and the underdetermination thesis as well as from semantic holism and the incommensurability thesis. Against the first challenge, it is argued that there are other criteria besides agreement with experience that enable a rational evaluation of competing theories. Against the second challenge, it is argued that at most a thesis of local incommensurability can be defended that is compatible with a minimal version of scientific (...), namely conjectural realism. However, in order to establish a fully-fledged scientific realism, one has to refute the local incommensurability thesis as well, showing how a comparison is possible on the level of the proper concepts of the theories in question. The paper examines the prospects for such a comparison, distinguishing three cases. (shrink)
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  15.  41
    Rejected Posits, Realism, and the History of Science.Alberto Cordero - 2012 - In Henk W. de Regt (ed.), Epsa Philosophy of Science: Amsterdam 2009. Springer. pp. 23--32.
    Summary: Responding to Laudan’s skeptical reading of history an influential group of realists claim that the seriously wrong claims past successful theories licensed were not really implicated in the predictions that once singled them out as successful. For example, in the case of Fresnel’s theory of light, it is said that although he appealed to the ether he didn’t actually need to in order to derive his famous experimental predictions—in them, we are assured, the ether concept was “idle,” “inessential,” (...)
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  16.  90
    The Philosophy of Natural History and Historiography Making Prehistory: Historical Science and the Scientific Realism Debate.Aviezer Tucker - 2009 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 3 (4):385-394.
  17.  56
    A Realist View of Logic, Physics, and History.Karl Popper - 1970 - In Hermann Bondi, Wolfgang Yourgrau & Allen duPont Breck (eds.), Physics, Logic, and History. New York: Plenum Press. pp. 1--37.
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  18.  46
    Metaphysical Realism and History.Norman Melchert - 1986 - Analysis 46 (1):36 - 38.
    Could an "ideal theory" be false? metaphysical realism requires an affirmative answer. The question has usually been discussed in terms of physical theory. I argue that if we shift ground to historical narrative, We can be virtually certain that some "ideal stories" not only "can" be false, But "will" be false. If this argument is correct, Metaphysical realism is almost certainly true.
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  19. Realism in the Study of the History of Ideas.Ian Shapiro - 1982 - History of Political Thought 3 (3):535-578.
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  20.  27
    Shaftesbury’s Place in the History of Moral Realism.T. H. Irwin - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (4):865-882.
    Whewell and ShaftesburyIn contemporary moral philosophy ‘moral realism’ refers to a position in the metaphysics of morality that is analogous to realism about ordinary objects, and to scientific realism about theoretical entities. It is a realist doctrine in contrast to non-cognitivism, constructivism, fictionalism, and nihilism about moral judgments and moral properties. But while these particular contrasts are characteristic of contemporary philosophy, realism itself is much older. Ross, Prichard, and Sidgwick, for instance, hold realist views in the (...)
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  21. Romanticism, Historicism and Realism: Toward a Period Concept for Early 19th Century Intellectual History.Kayden V. White - 1968 - In William John Bosenbrook & Hayden V. White (eds.), The Uses of History. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. pp. 45--58.
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  22.  25
    Oskar Rosenfeld and the Realism of Holocaust-History: On Sex, Shit, and Status.Berel Lang - 2004 - History and Theory 43 (2):278–288.
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  23.  1
    Review: Oskar Rosenfeld and the Realism of Holocaust-History: On Sex, Shit, and Status. [REVIEW]Berel Lang - 2004 - History and Theory 43:278-288.
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  24. Realism and Revolution: Balzac, Stendhal, Zola and the Performance of History.Elfrieda Dubois - 1991 - History of European Ideas 13 (5):640-641.
  25. 12 Critical Realism and Applied Work in Economic History.Brian Pinkstone - 2003 - In Paul Downward (ed.), Applied Economics and the Critical Realist Critique. Routledge. pp. 220.
     
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  26. A Realist View of Physics, Logic and History.Karl Popper - 1970 - In Hermann Bondi, Wolfgang Yourgrau & Allen duPont Breck (eds.), Physics, Logic, and History. New York: Plenum Press. pp. 18.
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  27.  46
    Review of Putnam's Realism, Truth, and History[REVIEW]Michael Devitt - 1984 - Philosophical Review 93 (2):274--7.
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  28. No Refuge for Realism: Selective Confirmation and the History of Science.P. Kyle Stanford - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):913-925.
    Realists have responded to challenges from the historical record of successful but ultimately rejected theories with what I call the selective confirmation strategy: arguing that only idle parts of past theories have been rejected, while truly success‐generating features have been confirmed by further inquiry. I argue first, that this strategy is unconvincing without some prospectively applicable criterion of idleness for theoretical posits, and second, that existing efforts to provide one either convict all theoretical posits of idleness (Kitcher) or stand refuted (...)
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  29.  6
    Tolstoy’s Argument: Realism and the History of Science.Stathis Psillos - 2018 - Spontaneous Generations 9 (1):68-77.
    In his intervention to the ‘bankruptcy of science debate’, which raged in Paris in the turn of the twentieth century, Leo Tolstoy was one of the first to use the past record of science as a weapon against current science. It is not inductive. It does not conclude that all current scientific theories will be abandoned; nor that most of them will be abandoned; not even that it is more likely than not that all or most of them will be (...)
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  30.  5
    Engaging Philosophically with the History of Science: Two Challenges for Scientific Realism.Theodore Arabatzis - 2018 - Spontaneous Generations 9 (1):35-37.
    I raise two challenges for scientific realists. The first is a pessimistic meta-induction, but not of the more common type, which focuses on rejected theories and abandoned entities. Rather, the PMI I have in mind departs from conceptual change, which is ubiquitous in science. Scientific concepts change over time, often to a degree that is difficult to square with the stability of their referents, a sine qua non for realists. The second challenge is to make sense of successful scientific practice (...)
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  31. Vicissitudes in the Theory of Socialist Realism: A Little Lesson in History Not to Be Ignored.S. Morawski & S. Alexander - 1961 - Diogenes 9 (36):110-136.
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  32.  10
    Realism and the History of Chemistry.Manuel DeLanda - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (1):5-15.
    This essay presents a model of a scientific field, as constituted by a domain of objective phenomena and a community of practitioners, interfaced by laboratory instrumentation and machinery. The relations between items in the domain, as well as those between the cognitive tools that shape the practices of the community are postulated to be relations of exteriority, that is, relations that do not determine the identity of what they relate. This move allows the model to avoid holism. The essay then (...)
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  33.  25
    Realism, Structurism, and History.Christopher Lloyd - 1989 - Theory and Society 18 (4):451-494.
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  34.  1
    Scientific Realism and the History of Chemistry.Robin Hendry - 2018 - Spontaneous Generations 9 (1):108-117.
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  35.  44
    A Festival of Anti-Realism: Braver's History of Continental Thought. [REVIEW]Graham Harman - 2008 - Philosophy Today 52 (2):52-72.
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  36.  6
    What Is Complexity Science? Thinking as a Realist About Measurement and Cities and Arguing for Natural History.David Byrne - 2001 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 3 (1):61-76.
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  37.  25
    Science: Realism, Criticism, History.Friedrich Engels Whewell, Max Weber & Emile Durkheim Marx - 1991 - In Terrell Carver (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Marx. Cambridge University Press. pp. 106.
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  38.  1
    Realist Literary History: Mckeon's New Origins of the Novel. [REVIEW]William B. Warner - 1989 - Diacritics 19 (1):62.
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  39.  36
    Leo Groarke: Greek Scepticism: Anti-Realist Trends in Ancient Thought. (McGill-Queen's Studies in the History of Ideas.) Pp. Xv + 176. Montreal & Kingston, London and Buffalo: McGill–Queen's University Press, 1990. £33.20. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1991 - The Classical Review 41 (02):500-501.
  40.  16
    Terrorism and the Philosophy of History: Liberalism, Realism, and the Supreme Emergency Exemption.Andrew Fiala - 2002 - Essays in Philosophy 3 (3):2.
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  41.  25
    Functional Realism and History.John Burr - 1966 - World Futures 4 (3):89-91.
  42.  4
    A Brief History of New Realism.Maurizio Ferraris - 2016 - Filozofija I Društvo 27 (3):591-609.
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  43.  3
    Discursive Dancing: Traditionalism and Social Realism in the 2013 English History Curriculum Wars.Joseph Smith - 2017 - British Journal of Educational Studies 65 (3):307-329.
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  44.  20
    An Anti-Realist Perspective on Language, Thought, Logic and the History of Analytic Philosophy: An Interview with Michael Dummett.Fabrice Pataut - 1996 - Philosophical Investigations 19 (1):1-33.
    The interview took place in Oxford on 10 September 1992. While working from the tape on the text of the interview, I decided to gather references to books and articles in footnotes so that the reader may have a sense of the flow of the conversation. I then divided the text into sections, according to the topics which were discussed. Some material has been edited from the original transcript.
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  45.  18
    Review of Lee Braver, A Thing of This World: A History of Continental Anti-Realism[REVIEW]C. G. Prado - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (6).
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  46.  1
    The History of Philosophy Conceived as a Struggle Between Nominalism and Realism.Cornelis De Waal - 2010 - Semiotica 2010 (179).
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  47.  4
    A Thing of This World: A History of Continental Anti-Realism. By Lee Braver.Bradford McCall - 2011 - Heythrop Journal 52 (1):152-153.
  48. RW Dyson, Natural Law and Political Realism in the History of Political Thought. Volume I: From the Sophists to Machiavelli.A. D. Barder - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27 (2):108.
     
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  49. Reductive Realism and the Problem of Affection in Kant in An Intimate Relation. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science.G. Buchdahl - 1989 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 116:221-241.
  50. Realism Versus Anti-Realism: What Is the Issue? In Science in Reflection. The Israel Colloquium: Studies in History, Philosophy, and Sociology of Science (Vol. 3). [REVIEW]Lj Cohen & em ZEmach - 1988 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 110:81-101.
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