Results for 'Shana Cole'

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  1.  12
    Visual Perception and Regulatory Conflict: Motivation and Physiology Influence Distance Perception.Shana Cole, Emily Balcetis & Sam Zhang - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (1):18.
  2. Task Demand Not so Damning: Improved Techniques That Mitigate Demand in Studies That Support Top-Down Effects.Emily Balcetis & Shana Cole - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  3. Introduction to Metamathematics.Stephen Cole Kleene - 1952 - Princeton, NJ, USA: North Holland.
    Stephen Cole Kleene was one of the greatest logicians of the twentieth century and this book is the influential textbook he wrote to teach the subject to the next generation. It was first published in 1952, some twenty years after the publication of Godel's paper on the incompleteness of arithmetic, which marked, if not the beginning of modern logic. The 1930s was a time of creativity and ferment in the subject, when the notion of computable moved from the realm (...)
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  4.  18
    Exploring Resilience: In the Face of Trauma.Shana Hormann - 2018 - Humanistic Management Journal 3 (1):91-104.
    What exactly is that quality of resilience that carries people, organizations, and communities through traumatic times? As a construct, resilience is built on the underlying assumption that an individual or organization has undergone a situation of ‘significant adversity’ and has adapted positively, returning to or increasing in performance and psychological wellbeing : 227–233, 2003; Sutcliffe and Vogus 2003). Definitions of resilience range on a continuum from survival to adaptation to competence to healing to hardiness to robustness to wellness : 205–220, (...)
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  5. Debating the Ethics of Immigration: Is There a Right to Exclude?Christopher Heath Wellman & Phillip Cole - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    Do states have the right to prevent potential immigrants from crossing their borders, or should people have the freedom to migrate and settle wherever they wish? Christopher Heath Wellman and Phillip Cole develop and defend opposing answers to this timely and important question.
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  6. Code-Switching (Linguistic).Shana Poplack - 2001 - In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. pp. 2062--2065.
  7.  10
    Non-Epistemic Values in Adaptive Management: Framing Possibilities in the Legal Context of Endangered Columbia River Salmon.Shana Lee Hirsch & Jerrold Long - 2018 - Environmental Values 27 (5):467-488.
    Courts have determined that adaptive management does not satisfy the Endangered Species Act's requirement to use the 'best available science'. This is due, in part, to the failure to recognise the role of non-epistemic values in science. We examine the role of values in the legal controversy over the scientific reports and adaptive management plans for endangered salmon in the Columbia River Basin. To do this, we employ philosophical concepts related to risk and uncertainty that demonstrate how non-epistemic values are (...)
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  8. Martin Luther on the Bondage of the Will, Written in Answer to the Diatribe of Erasmus on Free-Will, Tr. By H. Cole.Martin Luther & Henry Cole - 1823
  9.  23
    An Open Letter to Physicians.Shana Alexander - 1994 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (1):7.
    Some weeks ago, we learned that the matriarch of a family, my good friend Anna, is dying. She is 75 and has inoperable esophageal cancer, and the doctors say it will only take a few more weeks or months. Anna is dying the way I want to die–at home, surrounded and lovingly tended by her family: her devoted husband of 54 years, her three daughters, her three worshipful sons-in-law, her adoring granddaughters. All of them see her every day. All of (...)
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  10.  2
    Interactions Between Obsessional Symptoms and Interpersonal Ambivalences in Psychodynamic Therapy: An Empirical Case Study.Shana Cornelis, Mattias Desmet, Kimberly L. H. D. Van Nieuwenhove, Reitske Meganck, Jochem Willemsen, Ruth Inslegers & Jasper Feyaerts - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  11.  16
    Expanding Our Lens: Thinking Beyond Genomics.Jessica Mozersky, Shana D. Stites & Dominic A. Sisti - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (4):29-31.
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  12.  37
    Mass Problems and Hyperarithmeticity.Joshua A. Cole & Stephen G. Simpson - 2007 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 7 (2):125-143.
    A mass problem is a set of Turing oracles. If P and Q are mass problems, we say that P is weakly reducible to Q if for all Y ∈ Q there exists X ∈ P such that X is Turing reducible to Y. A weak degree is an equivalence class of mass problems under mutual weak reducibility. Let [Formula: see text] be the lattice of weak degrees of mass problems associated with nonempty [Formula: see text] subsets of the Cantor (...)
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  13.  15
    Special Supplement: The Birth of Bioethics.Albert R. Jonsen, Shana Alexander, Judith P. Swazey, Warren T. Reich, Robert M. Veatch, Daniel Callahan, Tom L. Beauchamp, Stanley Hauerwas, K. Danner Clouser, David J. Rothman, Daniel M. Fox, Stanley J. Reiser & Arthur L. Caplan - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (6):S1.
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  14.  57
    Creativity, Freedom, and Authority: A New Perspective On the Metaphysics of Mathematics.Julian C. Cole - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (4):589-608.
    I discuss a puzzle that shows there is a need to develop a new metaphysical interpretation of mathematical theories, because all well-known interpretations conflict with important aspects of mathematical activities. The new interpretation, I argue, must authenticate the ontological commitments of mathematical theories without curtailing mathematicians' freedom and authority to creatively introduce mathematical ontology during mathematical problem-solving. Further, I argue that these two constraints are best met by a metaphysical interpretation of mathematics that takes mathematical entities to be constitutively constructed (...)
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  15.  72
    Mathematical Logic.Stephen Cole Kleene - 1967 - New York, NY, USA: Dover Publications.
    Undergraduate students with no prior classroom instruction in mathematical logic will benefit from this evenhanded multipart text by one of the centuries greatest authorities on the subject. Part I offers an elementary but thorough overview of mathematical logic of first order. The treatment does not stop with a single method of formulating logic; students receive instruction in a variety of techniques, first learning model theory (truth tables), then Hilbert-type proof theory, and proof theory handled through derived rules. Part II supplements (...)
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  16.  15
    The Neural Basis of Human Error Processing: Reinforcement Learning, Dopamine, and the Error-Related Negativity.Clay B. Holroyd & Michael G. H. Coles - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (4):679-709.
  17. Is the P300 Component a Manifestation of Context Updating?Emanuel Donchin & Michael G. H. Coles - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (3):357.
  18. Empirical Research on Folk Moral Objectivism.Thomas Pölzler & Jennifer Cole Wright - 2019 - Philosophy Compass 14 (5).
    Lay persons may have intuitions about morality's objectivity. What do these intuitions look like? And what are their causes and consequences? In recent years, an increasing number of scholars have begun to investigate these questions empirically. This article presents and assesses the resulting area of research as well as its potential philosophical implications. First, we introduce the methods of empirical research on folk moral objectivism. Second, we provide an overview of the findings that have so far been made. Third, we (...)
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  19.  75
    Mixed Up About Mixed Worlds? Understanding Blackburn’s Supervenience Argument.Cole Mitchell - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (12):2903-2925.
    Simon Blackburn’s supervenience argument—focusing on the mysterious “ban on mixed worlds”—is still subject to a variety of conflicting interpretations. In this paper, I hope to provide a defense of the argument that clarifies both the argument and the objections it must overcome. Many of the extant objections, I will argue, fail to engage the argument in its true form. And to counter the more compelling objections, it will be necessary to bring in additional argumentation that Blackburn himself does not clearly (...)
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  20. Body Image and Body Schema in a Deafferented Subject.Shaun Gallagher & Jonathan Cole - 1995 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 16 (4):369-390.
    In a majority of situations the normal adult maintains posture or moves without consciously monitoring motor activity. Posture and movement are usually close to automatic; they tend to take care of themselves, outside of attentive regard. One's body, in such cases, effaces itself as one is geared into a particular intentional goal. This effacement is possible because of the normal functioning of a body schema. Body schema can be defined as a system of preconscious, subpersonal processes that play a dynamic (...)
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  21.  44
    Ethical Gaps in Studies of the Digital Divide.Kenneth L. Hacker & Shana M. Mason - 2003 - Ethics and Information Technology 5 (2):99-115.
    There are many reports about the digital divideand many discrepant interpretations of what thereports indicate. This pattern of competinganalyses, often in relation to identical datasets, has endured for a good part of the lastdecade. It is argued here that a major problemwith much of the digital divide research is afailure to include ethical concerns as anexplicit part of analyzing and interpretingdigital divide gaps. If researchers includemore recognition of ethics with their findingsabout divide gaps, it is likely that they willproduce better (...)
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  22.  31
    Human Rights and the National Interest: Migrants, Healthcare and Social Justice.P. Cole - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (5):269-272.
    The UK government has recently taken steps to exclude certain groups of migrants from free treatment under the National Health Service, most controversially from treatment for HIV. Whether this discrimination can have any coherent ethical basis is questioned in this paper. The exclusion of migrants of any status from any welfare system cannot be ethically justified because the distinction between citizens and migrants cannot be an ethical one.
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  23.  15
    Optimizing the Use of Information: Strategic Control of Activation of Responses.Gabriele Gratton, Michael G. H. Coles & Emanuel Donchin - 1992 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 121 (4):480-506.
  24. On Intuitional Stability: The Clear, the Strong, and the Paradigmatic.Jennifer Cole Wright - 2010 - Cognition 115 (3):491-503.
    Skepticism about the epistemic value of intuition in theoretical and philosophical inquiry has recently been bolstered by empirical research suggesting that people’s concrete-case intuitions are vulnerable to irrational biases (e.g., the order effect). What is more, skeptics argue that we have no way to ‘‘calibrate” our intuitions against these biases and no way of anticipating intuitional instability. This paper challenges the skeptical position, introducing data from two studies that suggest not only that people’s concrete-case intuitions are often stable, but also (...)
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  25.  26
    Biomedical Models of Reproduction in the Fifth Century BC and Aristotle's Generation of Animals.Andrew Coles - 1995 - Phronesis 40 (1):48-88.
  26.  57
    Migration and the Human Right to Health.Phillip Cole - 2009 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18 (1):70.
    In December 2007 it was revealed that the British government is considering the exclusion of certain groups of migrants—those considered to be present “illegally”—from primary health care provided by the National Health Service. At present, practitioners have discretion to accept any individual for NHS treatment regardless of their status. A joint Home Office and Department of Health review is examining this access for foreign nationals, and the likely outcome is the restriction of access to irregular migrants, which would, according to (...)
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  27.  4
    Theoretical Pluralism in Psychoanalytic Case Studies.Jochem Willemsen, Shana Cornelis, Filip M. Geerardyn, Mattias Desmet, Reitske Meganck, Ruth Inslegers & Joachim M. B. D. Cauwe - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  28.  30
    Anti-Realist Pluralism: a New Approach to Folk Metaethics.Thomas Pölzler & Jennifer Cole Wright - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 11 (1):53-82.
    Many metaethicists agree that as ordinary people experience morality as a realm of objective truths, we have a prima facie reason to believe that it actually is such a realm. Recently, worries have been raised about the validity of the extant psychological research on this argument’s empirical hypothesis. Our aim is to advance this research, taking these worries into account. First, we propose a new experimental design for measuring folk intuitions about moral objectivity that may serve as an inspiration for (...)
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  29.  13
    Philosophische Weltanschauung.James Lawrence Cole - 1955 - Philosophical Review 64 (3):514-516.
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  30. Pragmatics Edited by Peter Cole. --.Peter Cole - 1978 - Academic Press.
     
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  31. Uncovering the Moral Heuristics of Altruism: A Philosophical Scale.Julian Friedland, Kyle Emich & Benjamin M. Cole - 2020 - PLoS ONE 15 (3).
    Extant research suggests that individuals employ traditional moral heuristics to support their observed altruistic behavior; yet findings have largely been limited to inductive extrapolation and rely on relatively few traditional frames in so doing, namely, deontology in organizational behavior and virtue theory in law and economics. Given that these and competing moral frames such as utilitarianism can manifest as identical behavior, we develop a moral framing instrument—the Philosophical Moral-Framing Measure (PMFM)—to expand and distinguish traditional frames associated and disassociated with observed (...)
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  32. From Homo-Economicus to Homo-Virtus: A System-Theoretic Model for Raising Moral Self-Awareness.Julian Friedland & Benjamin M. Cole - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 155 (1):191-205.
    There is growing concern that a global economic system fueled predominately by financial incentives may not maximize human flourishing and social welfare externalities. If so, this presents a challenge of how to get economic actors to adopt a more virtuous motivational mindset. Relying on historical, psychological, and philosophical research, we show how such a mindset can be instilled. First, we demonstrate that historically, financial self-interest has never in fact been the only guiding motive behind free markets, but that markets themselves (...)
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  33. Asymmetries in Judgments of Responsibility and Intentional Action.Jennifer Cole Wright & John Bengson - 2009 - Mind and Language 24 (1):24-50.
    Abstract: Recent experimental research on the 'Knobe effect' suggests, somewhat surprisingly, that there is a bi-directional relation between attributions of intentional action and evaluative considerations. We defend a novel account of this phenomenon that exploits two factors: (i) an intuitive asymmetry in judgments of responsibility (e.g. praise/blame) and (ii) the fact that intentionality commonly connects the evaluative status of actions to the responsibility of actors. We present the results of several new studies that provide empirical evidence in support of this (...)
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  34.  2
    Thirty Years Ago.Shana Alexander - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (6).
  35.  18
    Truth and Conformity on Networks.Aydin Mohseni & Cole Randall Williams - 2021 - Erkenntnis 86 (6):1509-1530.
    Typically, public discussions of questions of social import exhibit two important properties: they are influenced by conformity bias, and the influence of conformity is expressed via social networks. We examine how social learning on networks proceeds under the influence of conformity bias. In our model, heterogeneous agents express public opinions where those expressions are driven by the competing priorities of accuracy and of conformity to one’s peers. Agents learn, by Bayesian conditionalization, from private evidence from nature, and from the public (...)
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  36.  6
    Don’T Turn Blind! The Relationship Between Exploration Before Ball Possession and On-Ball Performance in Association Football.Thomas B. McGuckian, Michael H. Cole, Geir Jordet, Daniel Chalkley & Gert-Jan Pepping - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  37. The Role of Default Network Deactivation in Cognition and Disease.Alan Anticevic, Michael W. Cole, John D. Murray, Philip R. Corlett, Xiao-Jing Wang & John H. Krystal - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (12):584-592.
  38.  21
    The Impact of Budget Goal Difficulty and Promotion Availability on Employee Fraud.Shana M. Clor-Proell, Steven E. Kaplan & Chad A. Proell - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 131 (4):773-790.
    The purpose of this research is to examine the effect of two organizational variables, budget goal difficulty and promotion availability, on employee fraud. Limited research shows that difficult, specific goals result in more unethical behavior than general goals :422–432, 2004). We predict that goal difficulty and promotion availability will interact to affect employee fraud. Specifically, we contend that the availability of promotions will have little, if any, effect on employee fraud under easy goals but have a substantial effect on fraud (...)
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  39.  64
    Intention, Attention and the Temporal Experience of Action.Patrick Haggard & Jonathan Cole - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):211-220.
    Subjects estimated the time of intentions to perform an action, of the action itself, or of an auditory effect of the action. A perceptual attraction or binding effect occurred between actions and the effects that followed them. Judgements of intentions did not show this binding, suggesting they are represented independently of actions and their effects. In additional unpredictable judgement conditions, subjects were instructed only after each trial which of these events to judge, thus discouraging focussed attention to a specific event. (...)
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  40.  14
    The Origins of Rhetoric in Ancient Greece. [REVIEW]D. A. Russell & T. Cole - 1992 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 112 (3):185-186.
  41.  17
    Making Science: Between Nature and Society.Stephen Cole - 1992 - Harvard University Press.
    In Making Science, Cole shows how social variables and cognitive variables interact in the evaluation of frontier knowledge.
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  42.  62
    Some Varieties of Humility Worth Wanting.Thomas Nadelhoffer, Jennifer Cole Wright, Matthew Echols, Tyler Perini & Kelly Venezia - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (1):168-200.
    _ Source: _Page Count 32 In this paper we first set the stage with a brief overview of the tangled history of humility in theology and philosophy—beginning with its treatment in the Bible and ending with the more recent work that has been done in contemporary philosophy. Our two-fold goal at this early stage of the paper is to explore some of the different accounts of humility that have traditionally been developed and highlight some of the key debates in the (...)
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  43.  22
    The New Environmentalism of Everyday Life: Sustainability, Material Flows and Movements.David Schlosberg & Romand Coles - 2016 - Contemporary Political Theory 15 (2):160-181.
  44. Justice in the Diffusion of Innovation.Allen Buchanan, Tony Cole & Robert O. Keohane - 2011 - Journal of Political Philosophy 19 (3):306-332.
  45.  18
    Stakeholder Opinions and Ethical Perspectives Support Complete Disclosure of Incidental Findings in MRI Research.John P. Phillips, Caitlin Cole, John P. Gluck, Jody M. Shoemaker, Linda E. Petree, Deborah L. Helitzer, Ronald M. Schrader & Mark T. Holdsworth - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior 25 (4):332-350.
    How far does a researcher’s responsibility extend when an incidental finding is identified? Balancing pertinent ethical principles such as beneficence, respect for persons, and duty to rescue is not always straightforward, particularly in neuroimaging research where empirical data that might help guide decision making are lacking. We conducted a systematic survey of perceptions and preferences of 396 investigators, research participants, and Institutional Review Board members at our institution. Using the partial entrustment model as described by Richardson, we argue that our (...)
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  46.  3
    Stephen Cole Kleene — a Reminiscence.Saunders Mac Lane - 1996 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 81 (1-3):3-7.
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  47.  11
    A Call for Empirical Research on Uterine Transplantation and Reproductive Autonomy.Cristie Cole Horsburgh - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (s3):S46-S49.
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  48.  17
    An Electromyographic Examination of Response Competition.Charles W. Eriksen, Michael G. H. Coles, L. R. Morris & William P. O’Hara - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (3):165-168.
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  49. Book Review: Taking the Stand: Rape Survivors and the Prosecution of Rapists. By Amanda Konradi. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2007, 240 Pp., $49.95. [REVIEW]Shana L. Maier - 2009 - Gender and Society 23 (6):840-842.
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  50.  67
    Local Perception of Environmental Change in a Semi-Arid Area of Northeast Brazil: A New Approach for the Use of Participatory Methods at the Level of Family Units. [REVIEW]Shana Sampaio Sieber, Patrícia Muniz Medeiros & Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (5):511-531.
    The diversity of plant resources in the Brazilian semi-arid region is being compromised by practices related to agriculture, pastures, and forest harvesting, especially in areas containing Caatinga vegetation (xeric shrublands and thorn forests). The impact of these practices constitutes a series of complex factors involving local issues, creating a need for further scientific studies on the social-environmental dynamics of natural resource use. Through participatory methods, the present study analyzed people’s representations about local environmental change processes in the Brazilian semi-arid region, (...)
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