Results for 'Travis Linn'

947 found
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  1.  22
    Staging in tv news.Travis Linn - 1991 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 6 (1):47 – 54.
    Television news crews justify the staging of events for filming purposes in three main categories. All three are dangerous ethically, but they are arranged here in a hierarchy of seriousness of ethical transgression. Materials shot for editing convenience, for example, are more justifiable than staging events for the convenience of a story. All three justifications are examined.
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  2. The Uses of Sense: Wittgenstein’s Philosophy of Language.Charles Travis - 1989 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book provides a novel interpretation of the ideas about language in Ludwig Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations. Travis places the "private language argument" in the context of wider themes in the Investigations, and thereby develops a picture of what it is for words to bear the meaning they do. He elaborates two versions of a private language argument, and shows the consequences of these for current trends in the philosophical theory of meaning.
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  3.  9
    Linnés Eigenhändige Anzeichnungen Über Sich Selbst, Mit Anmerkungen Und Zusätzen von Afzelius. Nebst Linne's Bildniß Und Handschrift.: Linné: Linnés Eigenhändige Anzeichnungen Ebook.Carl von Linné - 1826 - Walter de Gruyter.
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  4. How good was Shepherd’s response to Hume’s epistemological challenge?Travis Tanner - 2022 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 30 (1):71-89.
    Recent work on Mary Shepherd has largely focused on her metaphysics, especially as a response to Berkeley and Hume. However, relatively little attention has thus far been paid to the epistemological aspects of Shepherd’s program. What little attention Shepherd’s epistemology has received has tended to cast her as providing an unsatisfactory response to the skeptical challenge issued by Hume. For example, Walter Ott and Jeremy Fantl have each suggested that Shepherd cannot avoid Hume’s inductive skepticism even if she is granted (...)
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  5. Pragmatics.Charles Travis - 1997 - In Bob Hale, Crispin Wright & Alexander Miller (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Language. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 87--107.
  6.  12
    Augustlne’s confesslons as game play.Travis Foster - 2000 - Southwest Philosophy Review 17 (1):45-51.
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  7.  17
    The Relationship between Theory and Practice 1.Linn Kjaerland & Jørgen Pedersen - 2009 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (3):381-407.
    Jürgen Habermas's theories have received enormous attention in the public sphere as well as in political science. It is therefore surprising that his method, rational reconstruction, is not more debated. In political science the method is of particular interest because of its ambition to bridge the gap between empirical and normative approaches. In this article the author traces Habermas's interest in rational reconstruction by going back to his writings on theory and practice and subsequently shows what the method's main principles (...)
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  8.  12
    Socially mediated issue ownership.Linn Sandberg - 2022 - Communications 47 (2):241-261.
    Given the growing importance of issue competition and the growing use of social media during elections, this study seeks to create a better understanding of how issue dynamics relating to political parties play out on social media. It tests whether issue ownership theory can explain how parties and issues are being discussed on Twitter and to what extent a mediated form of issue ownership aligns with citizens’ perceptions of issue ownership. The results indicate that perceptions of issue ownership as measured (...)
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  9.  16
    Foundations of Quantum Mechanics: An Exploration of the Physical Meaning of Quantum Theory.Travis Norsen - 2017 - Cham: Imprint: Springer.
    Authored by an acclaimed teacher of quantum physics and philosophy, this textbook pays special attention to the aspects that many courses sweep under the carpet. Traditional courses in quantum mechanics teach students how to use the quantum formalism to make calculations. But even the best students - indeed, especially the best students - emerge rather confused about what, exactly, the theory says is going on, physically, in microscopic systems. This supplementary textbook is designed to help such students understand that they (...)
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  10.  13
    Motor-Enriched Encoding Can Improve Children’s Early Letter Recognition.Linn Damsgaard, Sofie Rejkjær Elleby, Anne Kær Gejl, Anne Sofie Bøgh Malling, Anna Bugge, Jesper Lundbye-Jensen, Mads Poulsen, Glen Nielsen & Jacob Wienecke - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  11. Lange on Minimal Model Explanations: A Defense of Batterman and Rice.Travis McKenna - 2021 - Philosophy of Science 88 (4):731-741.
    Marc Lange has recently raised three objections to the account of minimal model explanations offered by Robert Batterman and Collin Rice. In this article, I suggest that these objections are misguided. I suggest that the objections raised by Lange stem from a misunderstanding of the what it is that minimal model explanations seek to explain. This misunderstanding, I argue, consists in Lange’s seeing minimal model explanations as relating special types of models to particular target systems rather than seeing minimal model (...)
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  12.  31
    Dispositionalism and the Metaphysics of Science.Travis Dumsday - 2018 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Dispositionalism is the view that causal powers are among the irreducible properties of nature. It has long been among the core competing positions in the metaphysics of laws, but its potential implications for other key debates within metaphysics and the philosophy of science have remained under-explored. Travis Dumsday fills this major gap in the literature by establishing new connections between dispositionalism and such topics as substance ontology, ontic structural realism, material composition, emergentism, natural-kind essentialism, perdurantism, time travel, and spacetime (...)
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  13.  24
    Touching and Ingesting: Early Debates over the Material Qur'an.Travis Zadeh - 2009 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 129 (3):443-466.
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  14.  54
    Using Logic to Evolve More Logic: Composing Logical Operators via Self-Assembly.Travis LaCroix - 2022 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 73 (2):407-437.
    I consider how complex logical operations might self-assemble in a signalling-game context via composition of simpler underlying dispositions. On the one hand, agents may take advantage of pre-evolved dispositions; on the other hand, they may co-evolve dispositions as they simultaneously learn to combine them to display more complex behaviour. In either case, the evolution of complex logical operations can be more efficient than evolving such capacities from scratch. Showing how complex phenomena like these might evolve provides an additional path to (...)
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  15. Against 'Realism'.Travis Norsen - 2007 - Foundations of Physics 37 (3):311-340.
    We examine the prevalent use of the phrase “local realism” in the context of Bell’s Theorem and associated experiments, with a focus on the question: what exactly is the ‘realism’ in ‘local realism’ supposed to mean? Carefully surveying several possible meanings, we argue that all of them are flawed in one way or another as attempts to point out a second premise (in addition to locality) on which the Bell inequalities rest, and (hence) which might be rejected in the face (...)
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  16.  78
    Can the wave function in configuration space be replaced by single-particle wave functions in physical space?Travis Norsen, Damiano Marian & Xavier Oriols - 2015 - Synthese 192 (10):3125-3151.
    The ontology of Bohmian mechanics includes both the universal wave function and particles. Proposals for understanding the physical significance of the wave function in this theory have included the idea of regarding it as a physically-real field in its 3N-dimensional space, as well as the idea of regarding it as a law of nature. Here we introduce and explore a third possibility in which the configuration space wave function is simply eliminated—replaced by a set of single-particle pilot-wave fields living in (...)
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  17. Einstein's Boxes.Travis Norsen - 2005 - American Journal of Physics 73:164--176.
  18.  15
    Word Sieve: A Method for Real-Time Context Extraction.Travis Bauer & David B. Leake - 2001 - In P. Bouquet V. Akman (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer. pp. 30--44.
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  19.  31
    Censuring Oneself.Travis Mulroy - 2021 - Ancient Philosophy 41 (1):37-61.
  20.  37
    Soldiers with Conscience Never Die--They are Just Ignored by their Society. Moral Disobedience in the Israel Defense Forces.Ruth Linn - 2002 - Journal of Military Ethics 1 (2):57-76.
    Throughout the 3-year war in Lebanon (1982-1985) and throughout the 7 years of the first Intifada (1987-1994), about 170 objecting reservists chose to adopt an unconventional mode of moral resolution for their dilemma about service in the conflict: they disobeyed the order to serve in the war zone when their unit was called up. They argued that such service would contradict the dictates of their conscience. At the outset, the intention of most of these reservists was to comply with orders (...)
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  21.  35
    Problem‐Solving Phase Transitions During Team Collaboration.Travis J. Wiltshire, Jonathan E. Butner & Stephen M. Fiore - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (1):129-167.
    Multiple theories of problem-solving hypothesize that there are distinct qualitative phases exhibited during effective problem-solving. However, limited research has attempted to identify when transitions between phases occur. We integrate theory on collaborative problem-solving with dynamical systems theory suggesting that when a system is undergoing a phase transition it should exhibit a peak in entropy and that entropy levels should also relate to team performance. Communications from 40 teams that collaborated on a complex problem were coded for occurrence of problem-solving processes. (...)
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  22.  52
    Augustine's Intellectual Conversion: The Journey from Platonism to Christianity (review).Travis E. Ables - 2012 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 50 (1):137-138.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Augustine's Intellectual Conversion: The Journey from Platonism to ChristianityTravis E. AblesBrian Dobell. Augustine's Intellectual Conversion: The Journey from Platonism to Christianity. Cambridge-New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010. Pp. xvii + 250. Cloth, $82.00.The question of Augustine's Platonism is famously vexed. Since Peter Brown, the standard reading holds that Augustine did not move beyond the Neoplatonism of his early dialogues until he studied the writings of the apostle Paul (...)
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  23.  21
    Reason's Reach.Charles Travis - 2007 - European Journal of Philosophy 15 (2):225-248.
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  24.  88
    The Theory of (Exclusively) Local Beables.Travis Norsen - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (12):1858-1884.
    It is shown how, starting with the de Broglie–Bohm pilot-wave theory, one can construct a new theory of the sort envisioned by several of QM’s founders: a Theory of Exclusively Local Beables (TELB). In particular, the usual quantum mechanical wave function (a function on a high-dimensional configuration space) is not among the beables posited by the new theory. Instead, each particle has an associated “pilot-wave” field (living in physical space). A number of additional fields (also fields on physical space) maintain (...)
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  25.  51
    Saving or Creating: Which Are We Doing When We Resuscitate Extremely Preterm Infants?Travis N. Rieder - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (8):4-12.
    Neonatal intensive care units represent simultaneously one of the great success stories of modern medicine, and one of its most controversial developments. One particularly controversial issue is the resuscitation of extremely preterm infants. Physicians in the United States generally accept that they are required to resuscitate infants born as early as 25 weeks and that it is permissible to resuscitate as early as 22 weeks. In this article, I question the moral pressure to resuscitate by criticizing the idea that resuscitation (...)
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  26. A Riveting Argument in Favor of Asceticism in the Phaedo.Travis Butler - 2012 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 29 (2).
  27.  56
    On the very idea of an ontology of communion: Being, relation and freedom in zizioulas and Levinas.Travis E. Ables - 2011 - Heythrop Journal 52 (4):672-683.
    The present article examines the theology of John Zizioulas with a view to understanding its coherence and viability for ecclesiology. Instead of treating his trinitarian theology, or his historical claims, I focus upon the basic themes of his personalistic ontology, especially the relationship between the ‘hypostasis’ and its ‘nature.’ I argue that Zizioulas's central concept of freedom rests upon an equivocation: he affirms both that freedom and being are identical, and that they are mutually exclusive. In conversation with the philosophy (...)
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  28.  26
    Quranic Studies and the Literary Turn.Travis Zadesh - 2021 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 135 (2):329.
    This review essay examines current trends in the field of Quranic studies, as expressed in recent introductory works on the Quran, which in turn reflect developments in more specialized publications. A prominent characteristic in this body of scholarship is an increased emphasis on approaching the Quran as a literary text, as conceived within the structures of textual criticism. Much of this work strives to bypass the autochthonous exegetical corpus developed by Muslim authorities and read the Quran on its own terms, (...)
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  29.  29
    Lucid Dreaming.Travis Mulroy - 2023 - Ancient Philosophy 43 (2):357-378.
    Near the end of Plato’s Republic iv, Socrates reveals that the justice discovered externally in the city is a phantom of justice, as opposed to the justice discovered internally in the individual, which is justice in truth (443b7-444a2). This paper explains the distinction between true justice and its phantom, as well as the significance of this distinction to the underlying argument of Plato’s Republic.
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  30. Bridging the data integration gap: from theory to implementation.Travis A. Bennett & Coskun Bayrak - 1994 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (2):473-485.
  31.  16
    Relationships Among Dietary Cognitive Restraint, Food Preferences, and Reaction Times.Travis D. Masterson, John Brand, Michael R. Lowe, Stephen A. Metcalf, Ian W. Eisenberg, Jennifer A. Emond, Diane Gilbert-Diamond & Lisa A. Marsch - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  32.  66
    A Prospective Framework for the Design of Ideal Artificial Moral Agents: Insights from the Science of Heroism in Humans.Travis J. Wiltshire - 2015 - Minds and Machines 25 (1):57-71.
    The growing field of machine morality has becoming increasingly concerned with how to develop artificial moral agents. However, there is little consensus on what constitutes an ideal moral agent let alone an artificial one. Leveraging a recent account of heroism in humans, the aim of this paper is to provide a prospective framework for conceptualizing, and in turn designing ideal artificial moral agents, namely those that would be considered heroic robots. First, an overview of what it means to be an (...)
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  33. Structure and applied mathematics.Travis McKenna - 2022 - Synthese 200 (5):1-31.
    ‘Mapping accounts’ of applied mathematics hold that the application of mathematics in physical science is best understood in terms of ‘mappings’ between mathematical structures and physical structures. In this paper, I suggest that mapping accounts rely on the assumption that the mathematics relevant to any application of mathematics in empirical science can be captured in an appropriate mathematical structure. If we are interested in assessing the plausibility of mapping accounts, we must ask ourselves: how plausible is this assumption as a (...)
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  34.  71
    Understanding all inconsistency compensation as a palliative response to violated expectations.Travis Proulx, Michael Inzlicht & Eddie Harmon-Jones - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (5):285-291.
  35.  29
    Laws of Nature and their Supporting Casts.Travis McKenna - unknown
    It is an underappreciated fact within the philosophical literature on laws of nature that many scientific laws require the aid of a supporting cast of additional modelling ingredients (such as boundary conditions, material parameters, interfacial stipulations, rigidity constraints, and so on) in order to perform their traditional role in scientific inquiry. In this paper, I suggest that this underappreciated fact spells trouble for some recent reformulations of David Lewis's Best Systems Account (BSA) of laws of nature. Under the auspices of (...)
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  36.  50
    The Death of Logic?Travis Figg - 2022 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 11 (2):72-77.
    In support of logical nihilism, according to which there are no logical laws, Gillian Russell offers purported counterexamples to two laws of logic. Russell’s examples rely on cleverly constructed predicates not found in ordinary English. I show that similar apparent counterexamples to the same logical laws can be constructed without exotic predicates but using only what ordinary language provides. We correctly analyze such arguments so that they do not actually constitute counterexamples to any logic laws. I claim that we can (...)
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  37.  6
    Pragmatics.Charles Travis - 1997 - In Bob Hale, Crispin Wright & Alexander Miller (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Language. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 127–150.
    Pragmatics concerns the linguistic phenomena left untreated by phonology, syntax, and semantics. This chapter argues that the pragmatic view is the right one; that it is intrinsically part of what expressions of English mean that any English sentence may, on one speaking of it or another, have any of indefinitely many different truth‐conditions, and that any English expression may, meaning what it does, make any of many different contributions to truth‐conditions of wholes in which it figures as a part. The (...)
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  38.  35
    Sexual difference and trinitarian death: Cross, kenosis, and hierarchy in the theo‐drama.Linn Marie Tonstad - 2010 - Modern Theology 26 (4):603-631.
  39.  23
    Why the World Needs Bioethics Communication.Travis N. Rieder, Lauren Arora Hutchinson & Jeffrey P. Kahn - 2022 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 65 (4):629-636.
    ABSTRACT:This essay argues for the importance of formalizing public engagement efforts around bioethics as something we might call "bioethics communication," and it outlines the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics' plans for engaging in this effort. Because science is complex and difficult to explain to nonexperts, the field of science communication has arisen to meet this need. The field involves both a practice and a subject of empirical research. Like science, bioethics is also complex and difficult to explain, which is (...)
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  40.  98
    On salience and signaling in sender–receiver games: partial pooling, learning, and focal points.Travis LaCroix - 2020 - Synthese 197 (4):1725-1747.
    I introduce an extension of the Lewis-Skyrms signaling game, analysed from a dynamical perspective via simple reinforcement learning. In Lewis’ (Convention, Blackwell, Oxford, 1969) conception of a signaling game, salience is offered as an explanation for how individuals may come to agree upon a linguistic convention. Skyrms (Signals: evolution, learning & information, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2010a) offers a dynamic explanation of how signaling conventions might arise presupposing no salience whatsoever. The extension of the atomic signaling game examined here—which I (...)
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  41. Amoral dilemmas and the temptation to tyranny in a simple plan.Travis D. Smith - 2010 - In Margaret S. Hrezo & John M. Parrish (eds.), Damned If You Do: Dilemmas of Action in Literature and Popular Culture. Lexington Books.
     
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  42. Being altogether bad, becoming altogether good.Travis D. Smith - 2008 - In Harvey Claflin Mansfield, Sharon R. Krause & Mary Ann McGrail (eds.), The Arts of Rule: Essays in Honor of Harvey Mansfield. Lexington Books.
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  43.  14
    Capuchin monkeys (sometimes) go when they know: Confidence movements in Sapajus apella.Travis R. Smith, Audrey E. Parrish, Courtney Creamer, Mattea Rossettie & Michael J. Beran - 2020 - Cognition 199 (C):104237.
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  44.  51
    On the Fourth Law of Nature.Travis D. Smith - 2003 - Hobbes Studies 16 (1):84-94.
  45.  4
    Etter sjokket - Naomi Kleins Sjokkdoktrinen 10 år etter.Linn Stalsberg - 2017 - Agora Journal for metafysisk spekulasjon 35 (1):299-326.
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  46. Descartes on Formal Causation.Travis Tanner - 2019 - In Jorge Secada & Cecilia Wee (eds.), The Cartesian Mind. Routledge.
    Descartes’s causal theory is often taken to announce modernity by radically breaking with the Aristotelian past. Specifically, Descartes is often taken to reject the full Aristotelian causal theory in favor of the efficient causes characteristic of mechanistic physics and the activity of minds. In this chapter, I argue against this view by showing that Descartes endorses an avowedly Aristotelian notion of formal causation. First, I articulate Cartesian formal causation in light of its Aristotelian background, and I show that Descartes endorses (...)
     
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  47. Descartes on the Road to Elea: Essence and Formal Causation in Cartesian Physics and Corporeal Metaphysics.Travis Tanner - 2023 - Dissertation, University of Virginia
    Descartes is often identified as having fired one of the opening shots of the scientific revolution: rejecting the four Aristotelian causes in favor of the efficient causes characteristic of mechanistic science. Scholars often write as if Cartesian science and corporeal metaphysics is best understood as a rejection of all causal notions other than the efficient. I argue that this is a mistake. On the contrary, Descartes endorses an avowedly Aristotelian notion of formal causality, inherited from Suárez, and this notion is (...)
     
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  48.  5
    The Origins of the Bible and Early Modern Political Thought: Revelation and the Boundaries of Scripture.Travis DeCook - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, Travis DeCook explores the theological and political innovations found in early modern accounts of the Bible's origins. In the charged climate produced by the Reformation and humanist historicism, writers grappled with the tension between the Bible's divine and human aspects, and they produced innovative narratives regarding the agencies and processes through which the Bible came into existence and was transmitted. DeCook investigates how these accounts of Scripture's production were taken up beyond the expected boundaries of biblical (...)
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  49.  71
    The Dynamics of Retraction in Epistemic Networks.Travis LaCroix, Anders Geil & Cailin O’Connor - 2021 - Philosophy of Science 88 (3):415-438.
    Sometimes retracted or refuted scientific information is used and propagated long after it is understood to be misleading. Likewise, retracted news items may spread and persist, despite being publi...
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  50. Situationism versus Situationism.Travis J. Rodgers & Brandon Warmke - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (1):9-26.
    Most discussions of John Doris’s situationism center on what can be called descriptive situationism, the claim that our folk usage of global personality and character traits in describing and predicting human behavior is empirically unsupported. Philosophers have not yet paid much attention to another central claim of situationism, which says that given that local traits are empirically supported, we can more successfully act in line with our moral values if, in our deliberation about what to do, we focus on our (...)
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