Results for 'Yiwei Zheng Stephan Durrant'

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  1.  27
    The Siren and the Sage: Knowledge and Wisdom in Ancient Greece and China and Early China/Ancient Greece: Thinking Through Comparisons.By Steven Shankman, Stephan Durrant Edited by Steven Shankman & Yiwei Zheng Stephan Durrant - 2004 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 31 (4):543–546.
  2.  4
    The Siren and the Sage: Knowledge and Wisdom in Ancient Greece and China and Early China/Ancient Greece: Thinking Through Comparisons.Steven Shankman, Stephan Durrant & Yiwei Zheng - 2004 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 31 (4):543-546.
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  3.  67
    Ontology and Ethics in Sartre’s Being and Nothingness: On the Conditions of the Possibility of Bad Faith.Yiwei Zheng - 1997 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 35 (2):265-287.
  4.  36
    On Pure Reflection in Sartre's.Yiwei Zheng - 2001 - Sartre Studies International 7 (1):19-42.
  5.  11
    On Pure Reflection in Sartre's.Yiwei Zheng - 2001 - Sartre Studies International 7:19-42.
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  6.  29
    Ontology and Ethics in Sartre's Early Philosophy.Yiwei Zheng - 2005 - Lexington Books.
    At the end of Being and Nothingness Sartre made the curious claim that his ethical views follow from his ontology and are based on it. Yiwei Zheng argues that there are unbridgeable gaps between Sartre's ontology and ethics that cannot be filled in, and in the process provides a careful study of some notoriously murky notions in Sartre's early philosophy.
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  7. Bad Faith, Authenticity, and Pure Reflection in Jean-Paul Sartre's Early Philosophy.Yiwei Zheng - 2000 - Dissertation, Indiana University
    It is well known to Sartre scholars that Sartre claimed his ethical theory follows from his ontology in his early philosophy. However, this claim had not been examined as closely as it deserved. Some scholars accepted it, but none of them has given a plausible explanation of how ethics is supposed to follow from ontology. Others rejected it, without taking trouble to explore the possible connections between ontology and ethics. ;I think this claim should be taken seriously. For Sartre himself (...)
     
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  8.  17
    Configurations and Properties of Objects in Wittgenstein's.Yiwei Zheng - 1999 - Philosophical Investigations 22 (2):136-164.
  9.  20
    Ethics in the Confucian Tradition.Yiwei Zheng - 2003 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 30 (1):130–133.
  10.  15
    Metaphysical Simplicity and Semantical Complexity of Connotative Terms in Ockham's Mental Language.Yiwei Zheng - 1998 - Modern Schoolman 75 (4):253-264.
  11.  76
    Ockham’s Connotation Theory and Ontological Elimination.Yiwei Zheng - 2001 - Journal of Philosophical Research 26:623-634.
    The importance of the connotation theory in Ockham’s semantics and metaphysics can hardly be overstated---it is the main mechanism that brings forth Ockham’s famous ontological elimination. Yet none of the extant interpretations can satisfactorily accommodate three widely accepted theses: (1) there is no synonym in mental language; (2) a connotative term has a semantically equivalent nominal definition; and (3) there are simple connotative terms in Ockham’s mental language. In this paper I offer an interpretation that I argue can accommodate all.
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  12.  10
    Ockham’s Connotation Theory and Ontological Elimination.Yiwei Zheng - 2001 - Journal of Philosophical Research 26:623-634.
    The importance of the connotation theory in Ockham’s semantics and metaphysics can hardly be overstated---it is the main mechanism that brings forth Ockham’s famous ontological elimination. Yet none of the extant interpretations can satisfactorily accommodate three widely accepted theses: there is no synonym in mental language; a connotative term has a semantically equivalent nominal definition; and there are simple connotative terms in Ockham’s mental language. In this paper I offer an interpretation that I argue can accommodate all.
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  13.  32
    On Freedom in Sartre’s Being and Nothingness.Yiwei Zheng - 2002 - Southwest Philosophy Review 18 (1):173-184.
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  14. Ockham on Connotative Terms.Yiwei Zheng - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 9:83-92.
    Ockham’s connotation theory is essential to his ontological program. To carry out and justify his ontological project of eliminating alleged entities falling under eight Aristotelian categories, Ockham needs and in effect uses a connotation theory which provides him a recursive semantics for the mental language. Another important thesis about Ockham’s connotation theory, pointed out recently by Claude Panaccio and now widely accepted, is that Ockham allowed simple connotative terms in the mental language. However, among current interpretations of Ockham’s connotation theory, (...)
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  15.  31
    On Sartre’s “Non-Positional Consciousness”.Yiwei Zheng - 2000 - Southwest Philosophy Review 16 (1):141-149.
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  16.  73
    Sartre on Authenticity.Yiwei Zheng - 2002 - Sartre Studies International 8 (2):127-140.
  17.  9
    Sartre on Authenticity.Yiwei Zheng - 2002 - Sartre Studies International 8:127-140.
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  18.  24
    The Siren and the Sage: Knowledge and Wisdom in Ancient Greece and China and Early China/Ancient Greece: Thinking Through Comparisons.Yiwei Zheng - 2004 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 31 (4):543-546.
  19. Heidegger and Taoism.Manyul Im, Philip J. Ivanhoe, Yiwei Zheng & Yuri Pines - 2003 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 30:132.
     
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  20.  50
    Semantic Complexity and Syntactic Simplicity in Ockham's Mental Language.Gyula Klima - manuscript
    In these comments I am going to argue that Yiwei Zheng's paper, by postulating an imaginary mental language in a proposed new interpretation of Ockham's conception of mental language, provides us with an imaginary solution to what turns out to be an imaginary problem. Having said this, however, I hasten to add that the paper has undeniable merits in pointing us in the right direction for revealing the imaginary character of the problem.
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  21.  12
    Nature Science and “Three Changes”.Wang Guozheng - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 43:265-272.
    Once Zheng Xuan, a man of Han dynasty, made notations of “Yiwei”, he said: “The word ‘change’ contains three meanings: the first is simplifying, the second is transformation, and the third is unchanging ”, thus called to “three changes”. The wording “three changes” is able to be the different explanations of “Zhouyi”, and also can be understand to three meanings of the word “change” in “Zhouyi”. Everywhere in the nature, and in nature science, there are incalculable examples about (...)
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  22.  10
    St Thomas' ‘Third Way’: Michael Durrant.Michael Durrant - 1969 - Religious Studies 4 (2):229-243.
    In this paper it is my intention to do the following: first, to make some general observations on the ‘Third Way’ of St Thomas Aquinas as set out in Summa Theologica , Pt. I Quaest. ii Art. 3; secondly, to offer interpretation of, comment on, and present an account of, the first premiss of the ‘Third Way’; and finally to offer a provisional account of what someone who advocates the ‘Third Way’ might be conceived of as doing in the light (...)
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  23.  8
    Transcendence, Instantiation and Incarnation–an Exploration: Michael Durrant.Michael Durrant - 1993 - Religious Studies 29 (3):337-352.
    This paper is exploratory. I shall raise the following questions: How is it possible that that which is of its nature transcendent should become immanent or incarnate? In the context of Christian Theology: how is it possible for God to become man? How is it possible for one and the same individual, Jesus of Nazareth, to be both fully God and fully man? In relation to I shall attempt to give an account of how it is so possible for the (...)
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  24.  13
    The Logic of God Incarnate–Two Recent Metaphysical Principles Examined: Michael Durrant.Michael Durrant - 1988 - Religious Studies 24 (2):121-127.
    In his recent work Professor Morris writes: ‘I am suggesting that, armed with a couple of fairly simple metaphysical distinctions we can begin to see how the doctrine of the Incarnation can possibly be true.’ What are these ‘metaphysical distinctions’ and do they stand up to critical examination? My answer to the latter part of this question in regard to the first distinction is a reserved ‘Yes’; in regard to the second distinction a definite ‘No’. If my criticism of the (...)
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  25.  4
    The Meaning of ‘God’—I: Michael Durrant.Michael Durrant - 1992 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 31:71-84.
    In this paper I shall be examining the following claims: that ‘God’ has no meaning, in the sense of ‘sense’; that it is a proper name analogous to a Russellian proper name in that it has reference only. More crudely, that we cannot describe God in any way but only name Him and refer to Him by name; that ‘God’ has no meaning, in the sense of ‘sense’ in that the nature of God is fundamentally inexpressible. That God is, as (...)
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  26. Xiangshan Zheng Sshen Yu Tang Daihe Lao Ren Zhu Shu.Guanying Zheng - 2007 - Aomen Bo Wu Guan.
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  27.  8
    Unsupervised Domain Adaptation Using Exemplar-SVMs with Adaptation Regularization.Yiwei He, Yingjie Tian, Jingjing Tang & Yue Ma - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-13.
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  28. Fei Fa Zheng Ju Pai Chu Gui Ze.Xu Zheng - 2009 - Zhongguo Fa Zhi Chu Ban She.
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  29. Xing Fa Zong Lun Zheng Yi Wen Ti Bi Jiao Yan Jiu =.Zeshan Zheng - 2008 - Ren Min Chu Ban She.
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  30.  29
    Stephan Körner--Philosophical Analysis and Reconstruction: Contributions to Philosophy.Stephan Körner & Jan T. J. Srzednicki (eds.) - 1987 - Distributors for the U.S. And Canada, Kluwer Academic.
    A VERSION OF CARTESIAN METHOD RODERICK H. CHISHQLM Introduction In one of his many profound discussions of the method of philosophy, Korner makes the ...
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  31. Phenomenology: An Introduction.Stephan Kaufer & Anthony Chemero - 2015 - Polity.
    This comprehensive new book introduces the core history of phenomenology and assesses its relevance to contemporary psychology, philosophy of mind, and cognitive science. From critiques of artificial intelligence research programs to ongoing work on embodiment and enactivism, the authors trace how phenomenology has produced a valuable framework for analyzing cognition and perception, whose impact on contemporary psychological and scientific research, and philosophical debates continues to grow. The first part of _An Introduction to Phenomenology_ is an extended overview of the history (...)
     
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  32. A Simpler Puzzle of Ground.Stephan Krämer - 2013 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):85-89.
    Metaphysical grounding is standardly taken to be irreflexive: nothing grounds itself. Kit Fine has presented some puzzles that appear to contradict this principle. I construct a particularly simple variant of those puzzles that is independent of several of the assumptions required by Fine, instead employing quantification into sentence position. Various possible responses to Fine's puzzles thus turn out to apply only in a restricted range of cases.
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  33. Centered Assertion.Stephan Torre - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 150 (1):97-114.
    I suggest a way of extending Stalnaker’s account of assertion to allow for centered content. In formulating his account, Stalnaker takes the content of assertion to be uncentered propositions: entities that are evaluated for truth at a possible world. I argue that the content of assertion is sometimes centered: the content is evaluated for truth at something within a possible world. I consider Andy Egan’s proposal for extending Stalnaker’s account to allow for assertions with centered content. I argue that Egan’s (...)
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  34. A New Argument for Animalism.Stephan Blatti - 2012 - Analysis 72 (4):685-690.
    The view known as animalism asserts that we are human animals—that each of us is an instance of the Homo sapiens species. The standard argument for this view is known as the thinking animal argument . But this argument has recently come under attack. So, here, a new argument for animalism is introduced. The animal ancestors argument illustrates how the case for animalism can be seen to piggyback on the credibility of evolutionary theory. Two objections are then considered and answered.
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  35.  6
    The Cosmological Argument From Plato to Leibniz.Michael Durrant - 1981 - Religious Studies 17 (2):289-291.
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  36.  78
    Bias, Structure, and Injustice: A Reply to Haslanger.Robin Zheng - 2018 - Feminist Philosophy Quarterly 4 (1):1-30.
    Sally Haslanger has recently argued that philosophical focus on implicit bias is overly individualist, since social inequalities are best explained in terms of social structures rather than the actions and attitudes of individuals. I argue that questions of individual responsibility and implicit bias, properly understood, do constitute an important part of addressing structural injustice, and I propose an alternative conception of social structure according to which implicit biases are themselves best understood as a special type of structure.
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  37.  45
    How to Pursue the Adaptationist Program in Psychology.Russil Durrant & Brian D. Haig - 2001 - Philosophical Psychology 14 (4):357 – 380.
    In recent times evolutionary psychologists have offered adaptation explanations for a wide range of human psychological characteristics. Critics, however, have argued that such endeavors are problematic because the appropriate evidence required to demonstrate adaptation is unlikely to be forthcoming, therefore severely limiting the role of the adaptationist program in psychology. More specifically, doubts have been raised over both the methodology employed by evolutionary psychologists for studying adaptations and about the possibility of ever developing acceptably rigorous evolutionary explanations of human psychological (...)
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  38. The Potential of Using Quantum Theory to Build Models of Cognition.Zheng Wang, Jerome R. Busemeyer, Harald Atmanspacher & Emmanuel M. Pothos - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (4):672-688.
    Quantum cognition research applies abstract, mathematical principles of quantum theory to inquiries in cognitive science. It differs fundamentally from alternative speculations about quantum brain processes. This topic presents new developments within this research program. In the introduction to this topic, we try to answer three questions: Why apply quantum concepts to human cognition? How is quantum cognitive modeling different from traditional cognitive modeling? What cognitive processes have been modeled using a quantum account? In addition, a brief introduction to quantum probability (...)
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  39. The Open Future.Stephan Torre - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (5):360-373.
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  40.  4
    From Philosophy to Philology: Intellectual and Social Aspects of Change in Late Imperial China.Stephen W. Durrant & Benjamin A. Elman - 1987 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 107 (2):346.
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  41.  84
    Models and Stories in Hadron Physics.Stephan Hartmann - 1999 - In Margaret Morrison & Mary Morgan (eds.), Models as Mediators: Perspectives on Natural and Social Science. pp. 52--326.
    Fundamental theories are hard to come by. But even if we had them, they would be too complicated to apply. Quantum chromodynamics is a case in point. This theory is supposed to govern all strong interactions, but it is extremely hard to apply and test at energies where protons, neutrons and ions are the effective degrees of freedom. Instead, scientists typically use highly idealized models such as the MIT Bag Model or the Nambu Jona-Lasinio Model to account for phenomena in (...)
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  42.  97
    In Defense of De Se Content.Stephan Torre - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 97 (1):172-189.
    There is currently disagreement about whether the phenomenon of first-person, or de se, thought motivates a move towards special kinds of contents. Some take the conclusion that traditional propositions are unable to serve as the content of de se belief to be old news, successfully argued for in a number of influential works several decades ago.1 Recently, some philosophers have challenged the view that there exist uniquely de se contents, claiming that most of the philosophical community has been under the (...)
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  43.  62
    Identity of Properties and the Definition of 'Good'.R. G. Durrant - 1970 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 48 (3):360 – 361.
  44. What is My Role in Changing the System? A New Model of Responsibility for Structural Injustice.Robin Zheng - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (4):869-885.
    What responsibility do individuals bear for structural injustice? Iris Marion Young has offered the most fully developed account to date, the Social Connections Model. She argues that we all bear responsibility because we each causally contribute to structural processes that produce injustice. My aim in this article is to motivate and defend an alternative account that improves on Young’s model by addressing five fundamental challenges faced by any such theory. The core idea of what I call the “Role-Ideal Model” is (...)
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  45.  86
    A Quantum Question Order Model Supported by Empirical Tests of an A Priori and Precise Prediction.Zheng Wang & Jerome R. Busemeyer - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (4):689-710.
    Question order effects are commonly observed in self-report measures of judgment and attitude. This article develops a quantum question order model (the QQ model) to account for four types of question order effects observed in literature. First, the postulates of the QQ model are presented. Second, an a priori, parameter-free, and precise prediction, called the QQ equality, is derived from these mathematical principles, and six empirical data sets are used to test the prediction. Third, a new index is derived from (...)
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  46. Grounding and Necessity.Stephan Leuenberger - 2014 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 57 (2):151-174.
    The elucidations and regimentations of grounding offered in the literature standardly take it to be a necessary connection. In particular, authors often assert, or at least assume, that if some facts ground another fact, then the obtaining of the former necessitates the latter; and moreover, that grounding is an internal relation, in the sense of being necessitated by the existence of the relata. In this article, I challenge the necessitarian orthodoxy about grounding by offering two prima facie counterexamples. First, some (...)
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  47. Animalism.Stephan Blatti - 2006 - In A. C. Grayling, A. Pyle & N. Goulder (eds.), Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy. Thoemmes Continuum.
    This entry sketches the theory of personal identity that has come to be known as animalism. Animalism’s hallmark claim is that each of us is identical with a human animal. Moreover, animalists typically claim that we could not exist except as animals, and that the (biological) conditions of our persistence derive from our status as animals. Prominent advocates of this view include Michael Ayers, Eric Olson, Paul Snowdon, Peter van Inwagen, and David Wiggins.
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  48.  88
    Overlapping Memory Replay During Sleep Builds Cognitive Schemata.Penelope A. Lewis & Simon J. Durrant - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (8):343-351.
    Sleep enhances integration across multiple stimuli, abstraction of general rules, insight into hidden solutions and false memory formation. Newly learned information is better assimilated if compatible with an existing cognitive framework or schema. This article proposes a mechanism by which the reactivation of newly learned memories during sleep could actively underpin both schema formation and the addition of new knowledge to existing schemata. Under this model, the overlapping replay of related memories selectively strengthens shared elements. Repeated reactivation of memories in (...)
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  49.  40
    What Kind of Responsibility Do We Have for Fighting Injustice? A Moral-Theoretic Perspective on the Social Connections Model.Robin Zheng - 2019 - Critical Horizons 20 (2):109-126.
    Iris Marion Young’s influential Social Connections Model of responsibility offers a compelling approach to theorizing structural injustice. However, the precise nature of the kind of responsibility modelled by the SCM, along with its relationship to the liability model, has remained unclear. I offer a reading of Young that takes the difference between the liability model and the SCM to be an instance of a more longstanding distinction in the literature on moral responsibility: attributability vs. accountability. I show that interpreting the (...)
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  50.  17
    Preemption in Singular Causation Judgments: A Computational Model.Simon Stephan & Michael R. Waldmann - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (1):242-257.
    Causal queries about singular cases are ubiquitous, yet the question of how we assess whether a particular outcome was actually caused by a specific potential cause turns out to be difficult to answer. Relying on the causal power framework, Cheng and Novick () proposed a model of causal attribution intended to help answer this question. We challenge this model, both conceptually and empirically. We argue that the central problem of this model is that it treats causal powers that are probabilistically (...)
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