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17th/18th Century Philosophy

Edited by Brandon Look (University of Kentucky)
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  1. added 2015-03-26
    Nico De Federicis (forthcoming). Kant's Metaphysics of Morals. [REVIEW] Bollettino Telematico di Filosofia Politica.
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  2. added 2015-03-26
    Gideon Manning (2014). Descartes and the Bologna Affair. British Journal for the History of Science 47 (1):1-13.
    Descartes is well known as a mathematician and natural philosopher. However, none of Descartes's biographers has described the invitation he received in 1633 to fill a chair in theoretical medicine at the University of Bologna, or the fact that he was already sufficiently known and respected for his medical knowledge that the invitation came four years before his first publication. In this note I authenticate and contextualize this event, which I refer to as the ‘Bologna affair’. I transcribe the letter (...)
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  3. added 2015-03-26
    Carolyn Merchant (2013). Francis Bacon and the ‘Vexations of Art’: Experimentation as Intervention. British Journal for the History of Science 46 (4):551-599.
    Francis Bacon's concept of the ‘vexations of art’ entailed experimentation as an intervention into nature for the purpose of extracting its secrets. Although the standard edition of Bacon's works by Spedding, Ellis and Heath and the new Oxford edition by Graham Rees translate the phrase vexationes artium as the ‘vexations of art’, a significant number of scholars, translators and editors from the seventeenth century to the present have read Bacon's Latin as the ‘torment’ or ‘tortures of art’. Here I discuss (...)
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  4. added 2015-03-26
    Otto Hölder (2013). Intuition and Reasoning in Geometry. Philosophia Scientiae 17 (1):15-52.
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  5. added 2015-03-26
    David Miller (2012). Progressive Enlightenment: The Origins of the Gaslight Industry, 1780–1820. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 45 (3):466-467.
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  6. added 2015-03-26
    Jude P. Dougherty (2012). Harper, William L. Isaac Newton’s Scientific Method: Turning Data Into Evidence About Gravity and Cosmology. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 65 (4):874-875.
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  7. added 2015-03-26
    Gary Jason (2012). Livingston, Donald, Ed. Rethinking the American Union for the Twenty-First Century. Gretna, LA: Pelican Publishing Company, 2012. [REVIEW] Reason Papers 34 (2):211-214.
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  8. added 2015-03-26
    David Mcpherson (2011). Faith and Freedom: Moses Mendelssohn’s Theological-Political Thought. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 65 (2):421-423.
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  9. added 2015-03-26
    Stephen Snobelen (2010). Boyle: Between God and Science. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 43 (3):485-486.
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  10. added 2015-03-26
    Andrew Pyle (2010). Leibniz: Body, Substance, Monad. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 43 (3):487-488.
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  11. added 2015-03-26
    Nicholas Wolterstorff (2010). Moudrý Život V Temnotách: Akvinský a Reid. Reflexe: Filosoficky Casopis 38:63-74.
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  12. added 2015-03-26
    Peter Dear (2009). Philosophies of Technology: Francis Bacon and His Contemporaries. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 42 (4):616-617.
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  13. added 2015-03-26
    Ronald Cordero (2008). Kant and the Expression of Imperatives. Sorites 20:117-124.
    According to a popular English translation of the Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant says that all imperatives are expressed by an `ought.' This, however, seems so clearly to be wrong that it is hard to suppose Kant said it. In this paper I discuss different senses in which imperatives can be said to be expressed and examine in particular the use of Kant's term `sollen' for such purposes. I argue that what Kant says does not in fact commit (...)
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  14. added 2015-03-26
    Peter Dear (2008). Thinking with Objects: The Transformation of Mechanics in the Seventeenth Century. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 41 (2):296-297.
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  15. added 2015-03-26
    Matthew Jordan (2008). Locke on `Substance in General'. Sorites 20:8-26.
    My goal in this paper is to answer two questions: what, if anything, did Locke have in mind when he spoke of substance in general? and did Locke affirm the existence of substance in general? Concerning the first of these, I argue that what Locke had in mind were bare particulars . In the first part of this paper, I show why this interpretation of Locke is preferable to its two main rivals. Concerning the second question, Locke was agnostic about (...)
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  16. added 2015-03-26
    Scott Stapleford (2007). Kant. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 61 (2):420-422.
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  17. added 2015-03-26
    Steven Shapin (2007). The Good Life in the Scientific Revolution: Descartes, Pascal, Leibniz, and the Cultivation of Virtue. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 40 (4):602-603.
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  18. added 2015-03-26
    Peter Dear (2007). Catholic Physics: Jesuit Natural Philosophy in Early Modern Germany. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 40 (1):135-137.
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  19. added 2015-03-26
    Michael Hunter (2007). Robert Boyle and the Early Royal Society: A Reciprocal Exchange in the Making of Baconian Science. British Journal for the History of Science 40 (1):1-23.
    This paper documents an important development in Robert Boyle's natural-philosophical method – his use from the 1660s onwards of ‘heads’ and ‘inquiries’ as a means of organizing his data, setting himself an agenda when studying a subject and soliciting information from others. Boyle acknowledged that he derived this approach from Francis Bacon, but he had not previously used it in his work, and the reason why it came to the fore when it did is not apparent from his printed and (...)
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  20. added 2015-03-26
    Silvia Manzo (2006). The Instauratio Magna Part II: Novum Organum and Associated Texts. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 39 (2):290-291.
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  21. added 2015-03-26
    Arthur Melnick (2006). Kant’s System of Nature and Freedom: Selected Essays. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 60 (2):401-403.
  22. added 2015-03-26
    Graeme Hunter (2005). The Two Eyes of Spinoza & Other Essays on Philosophers. [REVIEW] Maritain Studies/Etudes Maritainiennes 21:186-187.
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  23. added 2015-03-26
    Robert B. Louden (2005). Interpreting Kant’s Critiques. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 58 (3):648-649.
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  24. added 2015-03-26
    Graeme Hunter (2005). After Christendom: Maritain, Spinoza and Us. Maritain Studies/Etudes Maritainiennes 21:173-183.
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  25. added 2015-03-26
    Emer O'hagan (2005). Generosity And Mechanism In Descartes's Passions. Minerva 9:236-260.
    Descartes’s mechanistic account of the passions is sometimes dismissed as one which lacks the resources toadequately explain the cognitive aspect of emotion. By some, he is taken to be “feeling theorist”, reducing thepassions to a mere awareness of the physiological state of the soul-body union. If this reading of Descartes’spassions is correct, his theory fails not only because it cannot account for the intentional nature of the passions,but also because the passions cannot play the role in Descartes’s moral theory they (...)
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  26. added 2015-03-26
    Geoffrey Cantor (2004). William Stukeley: Science, Religion and Archaeology in Eighteenth-Century England. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 37 (2):209-210.
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  27. added 2015-03-26
    Allen W. Wood (2003). Allison, Henry E. Kant’s Theory of Taste: A Reading of the Critique of Aesthetic Judgment. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 56 (3):633-635.
  28. added 2015-03-26
    John Sutton (2003). Spirits and Clocks: Machine and Organism in Descartes. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 36 (2):233-235.
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  29. added 2015-03-26
    Peter Dear (2002). Boyle in the Bag! [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 35 (3):335-340.
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  30. added 2015-03-26
    Donald Rutherford (2002). Introduction: Leibniz and Religion. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 76 (4):523-530.
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  31. added 2015-03-26
    Desmond Hogan (2002). Langton, Rae. Kantian Humility: Our Ignorance of Things in Themselves. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 56 (1):185-187.
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  32. added 2015-03-26
    Perez Zagorin (2001). Francis Bacon's Concept of Objectivity and the Idols of the Mind. British Journal for the History of Science 34 (4):379-393.
    This paper examines the concept of objectivity traceable in Francis Bacon's natural philosophy. After some historical background on this concept, it considers the question of whether it is not an anachronism to attribute such a concept to Bacon, since the word ‘objectivity’ is a later coinage and does not appear anywhere in his writings. The essay gives reasons for answering this question in the negative, and then criticizes the accounts given of Bacon's understanding of objectivity by Lorraine Daston and Julie (...)
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  33. added 2015-03-26
    Michael Ben-Chaim (2001). The Discovery of Natural Goods: Newton's Vocation as an ‘Experimental Philosopher’. British Journal for the History of Science 34 (4):395-416.
    While the study of Newton's religious views has been continuously expanding, it has not been brought to bear directly on Newton's career as an ‘experimental philosopher’. Historical perspectives on his optical experiments in particular affirm the historiographic separation between the religious and scientific aspects of his work. In this paper I examine the practical implication of Newton's theology of dominion on his early experiments on light and colours. While his predecessors had made experiments to collect evidence, I show that Newton (...)
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  34. added 2015-03-26
    P. M. Harman (2000). Leibniz and Clarke. A Study of Their Correspondence. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 33 (1):115-124.
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  35. added 2015-03-26
    Devin Henry (2000). Berkeley's Passive Mind. Minerva 4.
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  36. added 2015-03-26
    Günter Zöller (1999). Gesamtausgabe der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften: Reihe II, Bd. 11: Nachgelassene Schriften 1807–1810. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 53 (1):162-164.
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  37. added 2015-03-26
    Larry Stewart (1999). Other Centres of Calculation, or, Where the Royal Society Didn't Count: Commerce, Coffee-Houses and Natural Philosophy in Early Modern London. British Journal for the History of Science 32 (2):133-153.
    Wee people at London, are so humbly immersd in slavish business, & taken up wth providing for a wretched Carkasse; yt there's nothing almost, but what is grosse & sensuall to be gotten from us. If a bright thought springs up any time here, ye Mists & Foggs extinguish it again presently, & leaves us no more, yn only ye pain, of seeing it die & perish away from us. Humphrey Ditton to Roger Cotes, ca. 1703THE CALCULUS OF ACCOMPLISHMENTDuring the (...)
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  38. added 2015-03-26
    Stephen Gaukroger (1999). The Cambridge History of Seventeenth-Century Philosophy. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 32 (1):111-124.
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  39. added 2015-03-26
    Stephen Snobelen (1999). Isaac Newton, Heretic: The Strategies of a Nicodemite. British Journal for the History of Science 32 (4):381-419.
    There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews: the same came to Jesus by night…John 3: 1–2A lady asked the famous Lord Shaftesbury what religion he was of. He answered the religion of wise men. She asked, what was that? He answered, wise men never tell.Diary of Viscount Percival , i, 113NEWTON AS HERETICIsaac Newton was a heretic. But like Nicodemus, the secret disciple of Jesus, he never made a public declaration of his private (...)
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  40. added 2015-03-26
    James Thomas (1999). Out of a Kantian Chrysalis? A Maritainian Critique of Fr. Maréchal. [REVIEW] Maritain Studies/Etudes Maritainiennes 15.
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  41. added 2015-03-26
    David Miller (1999). The Usefulness of Natural Philosophy: The Royal Society and the Culture of Practical Utility in the Later Eighteenth Century. British Journal for the History of Science 32 (2):185-201.
    From its very beginning the Royal Society was regarded by many, if not most, of its founders as centrally concerned with practical improvement. How could it be otherwise? The study of nature was not only a pious act in and of itself – a reading of the book of nature – but it was also the way in which God's Providence would provide discoveries for the relief of man's estate. The early ideologues of the Society, such as Robert Boyle and (...)
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  42. added 2015-03-26
    Daniel Dwyer (1999). Reason and Its Manifestations: A Study on Kant and Hegel. Spekulation Und Erfahrung. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 52 (3):724-725.
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  43. added 2015-03-26
    Margaret Osler (1997). The Crisis of Causality: Voetius and Descartes on God, Nature and Change. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 30 (2):233-249.
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  44. added 2015-03-26
    Stuart Brown (1996). Leibniz and the Kabbalah. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 29 (2):234-236.
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  45. added 2015-03-26
    Vernon Pratt (1996). One for Leibniz. Sorites 4:10-20.
    For Leibniz, it was a requirement upon the `fundamentally real' to have a `principle of unity'. What does this mean?One general point is that Substance cannot be understood as pure extension. But there is a particular point about cohesion: a real thing had to have some means by which its parts were stuck together. But Leibniz' insistence on `unity' is also an insistence on indivisibility. Under this head there is first the point that there appears to be a contradiction between (...)
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  46. added 2015-03-26
    Peter Anstey (1996). Robert Boyle: By Himself and His Friends. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 29 (1):95-96.
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  47. added 2015-03-26
    Edwin Martin (1995). The Rhetoric of Empiricism: Language and Perception From Locke to I. A. Richards. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 48 (4):908-909.
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  48. added 2015-03-26
    A. Hall (1994). Equivalence and Priority: Newton Versus Leibniz. Including Leibniz's Unpublished Manuscripts on the Principia. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 27 (3):369-371.
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  49. added 2015-03-26
    A. Hall (1994). Obituary: Sir William Paton. British Journal for the History of Science 27 (4):465-466.
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  50. added 2015-03-26
    John W. Burbidge (1994). The Genesis of Kant's Critique of Judgment. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 47 (4):851-852.
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1 — 50 / 1383