Results for 'Adrian Hutter'

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  1. Künstliche Intelligenz: Chancen und Risiken.Mannino Adriano, David Althaus, Jonathan Erhardt, Lukas Gloor, Adrian Hutter & Thomas Metzinger - 2015 - Diskussionspapiere der Stiftung Für Effektiven Altruismus 2:1-17.
    Die Übernahme des KI-Unternehmens DeepMind durch Google für rund eine halbe Milliarde US-Dollar signalisierte vor einem Jahr, dass von der KI-Forschung vielversprechende Ergebnisse erwartet werden. Spätestens seit bekannte Wissenschaftler wie Stephen Hawking und Unternehmer wie Elon Musk oder Bill Gates davor warnen, dass künstliche Intelligenz eine Bedrohung für die Menschheit darstellt, schlägt das KI-Thema hohe Wellen. Die Stiftung für Effektiven Altruismus (EAS, vormals GBS Schweiz) hat mit der Unterstützung von Experten/innen aus Informatik und KI ein umfassendes Diskussionspapier zu den Chancen (...)
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  2. One Decade of Universal Artificial Intelligence.Marcus Hutter - 2012 - In Pei Wang & Ben Goertzel (eds.), Theoretical Foundations of Artificial General Intelligence. Springer. pp. 67--88.
    The first decade of this century has seen the nascency of the first mathematical theory of general artificial intelligence. This theory of Universal Artificial Intelligence (UAI) has made significant contributions to many theoretical, philosophical, and practical AI questions. In a series of papers culminating in book (Hutter, 2005), an exciting sound and complete mathematical model for a super intelligent agent (AIXI) has been developed and rigorously analyzed. While nowadays most AI researchers avoid discussing intelligence, the award-winning PhD thesis (Legg, (...)
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  3. Shaping the Future: Nietzsche's New Regime of the Soul and its Ascetic Practices.Horst Hutter - 2005 - Lexington Books.
    Shaping the Future maps out the ascetic practices of a Neitzschean way of life. Hutter argues that Nietzsche's doctrines are attempts and "temptations" that aim to provoke his free-spirited readers into changing themselves by putting philosophy into practice in their lives.
     
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  4. Universal Intelligence: A Definition of Machine Intelligence.Shane Legg & Marcus Hutter - 2007 - Minds and Machines 17 (4):391-444.
    A fundamental problem in artificial intelligence is that nobody really knows what intelligence is. The problem is especially acute when we need to consider artificial systems which are significantly different to humans. In this paper we approach this problem in the following way: we take a number of well known informal definitions of human intelligence that have been given by experts, and extract their essential features. These are then mathematically formalised to produce a general measure of intelligence for arbitrary machines. (...)
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  5. La’Cit Unveiled: A Case Study in Human Rights, Religion, and Culture in France. [REVIEW]Melanie Adrian - 2006 - Human Rights Review 8 (1):102-114.
    This paper examines the debate around the headscarf in France with the view to critically examining two central arguments put forward by the Stasi Commission for the restriction of the headscarf in French public schools—that the headscarf imperiled public order and that it jeopardized neutrality in the public sphere. In the case of the first argument, this paper argues that France did not meet the threshold requirement necessary to curtail religious rights in public schools. In the case of the second (...)
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  6.  88
    A Philosophical Treatise of Universal Induction.Samuel Rathmanner & Marcus Hutter - 2011 - Entropy 13 (6):1076-1136.
    Understanding inductive reasoning is a problem that has engaged mankind for thousands of years. This problem is relevant to a wide range of fields and is integral to the philosophy of science. It has been tackled by many great minds ranging from philosophers to scientists to mathematicians, and more recently computer scientists. In this article we argue the case for Solomonoff Induction, a formal inductive framework which combines algorithmic information theory with the Bayesian framework. Although it achieves excellent theoretical results (...)
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  7. Intelligence Via Ultrafilters: Structural Properties of Some Intelligence Comparators of Deterministic Legg-Hutter Agents.Samuel Alexander - 2019 - Journal of Artificial General Intelligence 10 (1):24-45.
    Legg and Hutter, as well as subsequent authors, considered intelligent agents through the lens of interaction with reward-giving environments, attempting to assign numeric intelligence measures to such agents, with the guiding principle that a more intelligent agent should gain higher rewards from environments in some aggregate sense. In this paper, we consider a related question: rather than measure numeric intelligence of one Legg- Hutter agent, how can we compare the relative intelligence of two Legg-Hutter agents? We propose (...)
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  8. A Complete Theory of Everything (Will Be Subjective).Marcus Hutter - 2010 - Algorithms 3 (4):329-350.
    Increasingly encompassing models have been suggested for our world. Theories range from generally accepted to increasingly speculative to apparently bogus. The progression of theories from ego- to geo- to helio-centric models to universe and multiverse theories and beyond was accompanied by a dramatic increase in the sizes of the postulated worlds, with humans being expelled from their center to ever more remote and random locations. Rather than leading to a true theory of everything, this trend faces a turning point after (...)
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  9. Observer Localization in Multiverse Theories.Marcus Hutter - 2010 - In Harald Fritzsch & K. K. Phua (eds.), Proceedings of the Conference in Honour of Murray Gell-Mann's 80th Birthday. World Scientific.
    The progression of theories suggested for our world, from ego- to geo- to helio-centric models to universe and multiverse theories and beyond, shows one tendency: The size of the described worlds increases, with humans being expelled from their center to ever more remote and random locations. If pushed too far, a potential theory of everything (TOE) is actually more a theories of nothing (TON). Indeed such theories have already been developed. I show that including observer localization into such theories is (...)
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  10. Can Intelligence Explode?Marcus Hutter - 2012 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 19 (1-2):143-166.
    The technological singularity refers to a hypothetical scenario in which technological advances virtually explode. The most popular scenario is the creation of super-intelligent algorithms that recursively create ever higher intelligences. It took many decades for these ideas to spread from science fiction to popular science magazines and finally to attract the attention of serious philosophers. David Chalmers' (JCS 2010) article is the first comprehensive philosophical analysis of the singularity in a respected philosophy journal. The motivation of my article is to (...)
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  11.  24
    Association Between Age at Menarche and Early-Life Nutritional Status in Rural Bangladesh.Alinda M. Bosch, Frans J. Willekens, Abdullah H. Baqui, Jeroen K. S. van Ginneken & Inge Hutter - 2008 - Journal of Biosocial Science 40 (2):223.
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    The Camera's Positioning: Brides, Grooms, and Their Photographers in Taipei's Bridal Industry.Bonnie Adrian - 2004 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 32 (2):140-163.
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  13. » Heidegger y la indicación formal. Hacia una articulacion categorial de la vida humana «.J. Adrián - forthcoming - Dianoia.
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  14. Bildung Als Mittel Und Selbstzweck: Korrektive Erinnerung Wider Die Verengung des Bildungsbegriffs.Axel Hutter & Markus Kartheininger (eds.) - 2009 - Alber.
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  15. St. Thomas on Grace and Free Will in the Initium Fidei: The Surpassing Augustinian Synthesis.Reinhard Hütter - 2007 - Nova et Vetera 5:521-554.
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    Boundary Violations, Gender and the Nature of Nursing Work.M. Chiarella & A. Adrian - 2014 - Nursing Ethics 21 (3):267-277.
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    Beyond Confederation.Lynne M. Adrian - 1988 - The Personalist Forum 4 (2):55-57.
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  18.  43
    Heidegger y el Giro Hermenéutico de la Fenomenología.Jesus Adrian - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 21:113-120.
    The present paper outlines the main points of Heidegger’s philosophical program starting from his early lectures of Freiburg. This program is founded in two fundamental questions. On the one hand, a thematic question: the phenomenon of life and its different forms of manifestation and apprehension. On the other hand, an eminently methodological question, namely the question of how it is possible to access in a correct manner to the primary sphere of life. This last issue conducts the young Heidegger to (...)
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  19.  29
    Die biblisch-orientalische Deutung indianischer Mythologie: Der Versuch, Fremdes zu kategorisieren1.Manfred Hutter - 1994 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 46 (2):163-171.
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  20.  30
    Dem blinden Trieb ein Auge einsetzen?Axel Hutter - 1997 - Fichte-Studien 9:163-180.
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  21. The Functin of a Formal-Indicative Hermeneutic-A Hermeneutic-Phenomenological Articulation of the Virtual Life Starting From Heidegger's Early Work.J. Adrian - 2006 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 113 (1):99-117.
     
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  22.  36
    Wie wissenschaftlich ist die Rechtswissenschaft?: Gibt es eine bindende Methodenlehre?Axel Adrian - 2010 - Rechtstheorie 41 (4):521-548.
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  23.  19
    (Re‐)Forming Freedom: Reflections “After Veritatis Splendor” on Freedom's Fate in Modernity and Protestantism's Antinomian Captivity.Reinhard Hütter - 2001 - Modern Theology 17 (2):117-161.
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    De cómo intervienen los estados de ánimo en el acontecimiento apropiador del ser en Heidegger.Jesús Adrián - 2005 - In Angel Alvarez Gómez (ed.), Paideia. Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Servizo de Publicacións E Intercambio Científico.
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  25.  33
    Pauline Chazan, the Moral Self and Johannes A. Van der Ven, Formation of the Moral Self.Hendrik Y. Hutter - 2001 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 4 (4):427-429.
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    The Virtue of Solitude and the Vicissitudes of Friendship.Horst Hutter - 1999 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 2 (4):131-148.
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    Spiritual Objectivity. A Systematic Expansion of the Body-Mind-Problem.Axel Hutter - 2006 - SATS 7 (2):4-20.
    The article develops the thesis that spiritual objectivity constitutes an independent class of phenomena besides the physical and the mental. The concept of spiritual objectivity presents a solution for the mediation between the bodily and the conscious by further developing the insight of critical monism that individual action can neither be subsumed under the phenomena of the bodily outer world nor under the phenomena of the mental inner world. Referring to Gottlob Frege's thesis that what distinguishes a thought from other (...)
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  28.  9
    Occupational Safety and Health.Bridget M. Hutter - 2010 - In Peter Cane & Herbert M. Kritzer (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research. Oxford University Press.
    Much of the research that has been carried out on occupational health and safety involves studies of regulatory practices. OHS studies linearly maintain that early legislations were of minimal consequence. Implementation is a two-tier structure—policy-making and enforcement. This article considers the main themes and findings of this body of research. It is structured around a “natural history” approach to understanding law. This approach regards law as a process which starts with the recognition of a problem demanding legal intervention and the (...)
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  29.  10
    Kenntnis Und Erkenntnis: Der Innere Zusammenhang von Philosophiegeschichte Und Geschichtsphilosophie.Axel Hutter - 2006 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 11 (1):3-24.
    A specifically rational understanding of the philosophical tradition , which addresses the question of truth, is opposed to a purely historical understanding of philosophy . Nevertheless this rational understanding of philosophy remains critically related to history: It frees the philosophy of the past from solidification into an antiquity, while it integrates earlier thought into an autonomous re-thinking, and it frees the thinking of the present from its prejudices, while it confronts its comfortable ways of understanding with the unsatisfied truth of (...)
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  30.  10
    Manis Umgang mit anderen Religionen im Spannungsfeld zwischen Absolutheitsanspruch, Inklusivismus und Synkretismus.Manfred Hutter - 1991 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 43 (4):289-304.
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  31.  16
    Ad Pierre Hadot.Horst Hutter - 2009 - New Nietzsche Studies 8 (1-2):1-7.
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  32.  21
    Paulatim Facta Est Ratio Humana Sui Ipsius Captiva. Freedom, Truth, and the Unattended Problem of the Will in the Encyclical Fides Et Ratio.Reinhard Hütter - 2002 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 44 (3):268-283.
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  33. Theological Faith Enlightening Sacred Theology: Renewing Theology by Recovering its Unity as Sacra Doctrina.Reinhard Hütter, Ceslaus Maria Schneider & John Climacus - 2010 - The Thomist 74 (3):369-405.
     
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  34.  12
    Die Spannung zwischen theoretischer und praktischer Vernunft. Schellings späte Anknüpfung an Kant.Axel Hutter - 1995 - Kant-Studien 86 (4):431-445.
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    Fertility Among Hiv-Infected Indian Women: The Biological Effect and its Implications.Shrinivas Darak, Fanny Janssen & Inge Hutter - 2011 - Journal of Biosocial Science 43 (1):19-29.
  36. What People Think About Cloning? Social Reprezentatione of This Tehnique and its Asociated Emotions.Cristea Mioara, Neculau Adrian & Curelaru Mihai - 2012 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (31):3-30.
     
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  37.  7
    Nietzsche's Thumotic Politics.Horst Hutter - 2009 - In Katie Terezakis (ed.), Engaging Agnes Heller: A Critical Companion. Lexington Books. pp. 193.
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  38. Hegel's Philosophy of Mind.Axel Hutter - 2007 - Hegel-Studien 42:81-97.
     
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  39.  5
    Karl Barth's 'Dialectical Catholicity': Sic Et Non.Reinhard Hütter - 2000 - Modern Theology 16 (2):137-157.
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  40.  3
    Die Verwandtschaft von Philosophie und Religion Erinnerung an ein verdrängtes Sachproblem.Axel Hutter - 2010 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 52 (2):113-131.
    ZUSAMMENFASSUNGDas verdrängte Sachproblem, das der Aufsatz in Erinnerung rufen will, ist die systematische und epistemische Verwandtschaft von Philosophie und Religion. Verdrängt wurde dieses Sachproblem im Zuge der positivistischen und historistischen Verkürzung des Denkens: Wie der Schlaf der Vernunft Ungeheuer und Dämonen gebiert, so entfesselt die Verkürzung des Denkens den modernen »Polytheismus der Lebenswerte« , dem die Gegenwart besonders hilflos ausgeliefert ist, weil sie der Versuchung nachgegeben hat, das anspruchsvolle Konzept der Vernunft durch das vermeintlich leichter und sicherer zu handhabende Konzept (...)
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  41. Proceedings of the Second Conference on Artificial General Intelligence.B. Goertzel, P. Hitzler & M. Hutter (eds.) - 2009 - Atlantis Press.
    The Conference on Artificial General Intelligence is the only major conference series devoted wholly and specifically to the creation of AI systems possessing general intelligence at the human level and ultimately beyond. Its second installation, AGI-09, in Arlington, Virginia, March 6-9, 2009, attracted 67 paper submissions, which is a substantial increase from the previous year. Of these submissions, 33 (i.e., 49%) were accepted as full papers for presentation at the conference. Additional 13 papers were included as position papers. The program (...)
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  42. Porozumiewanie się w obrębie działalności naukowej. Wyniki stadium pragmatycznego.Ma Luisa Rodriguez-Sala Gomezgil & Chavero Adrian - 1990 - Studia Semiotyczne 16:347-351.
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  43.  11
    Reason and the Reasons of Faith.Paul J. Griffiths & Reinhard Hütter - 2005 - Bloomsbury T&T Clark.
    A distinguished group of scholars examines the crisis of faith in reason and reason in faith.
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  44. Aquinas on the Natural Desire for the Vision of God: A Relecture of Summa Contra Gentiles III, C. 25 Après Henri de Lubac.Reinhard Hütter - 2009 - The Thomist 73 (4):523-591.
     
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  45. Attending the the Wisdom of God, From Effect to Cause, From Creation to God : A "Relecture" of the Analogy of Being According to Thomas Aquinas.Reinhard Hütter - 2010 - In Thomas Joseph White (ed.), The Analogy of Being: Invention of the Antichrist or the Wisdom of God? W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co..
     
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  46. Desiderium Naturale Visionis Dei—Est Autem Duplex Hominis Beatitudo Sive Felicitas: Some Observations About Lawrence Feingold's and John Milbank's Recent Interventions in the Debate Over the Natural Desire to See God.Reinhard Hütter - 2007 - Nova Et Vetera 5:81-131.
     
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  47. God, the University, and the Missing Link-Wisdom: Reflections on Two Untimely Books.Reinhard Hütter - 2009 - The Thomist 73 (2):241-277.
     
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  48. Pourquoi le pape at-il de l'importance pour les protestants?Reinhart Hütter - 2009 - Nova Et Vetera 84 (2):181-186.
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  49. Die Wirklichkeit des Geistes.Axel Hutter - 2008 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 115 (2):374-384.
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  50. Hegels philosophie Des geistes.Axel Hutter - 2007 - Hegel-Studien 42:81-97.
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