Results for 'Adrian Woods'

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  1. Corporate Social Responsibility and the Social Enterprise.Nelarine Cornelius, Mathew Todres, Shaheena Janjuha-Jivraj, Adrian Woods & James Wallace - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (2):355-370.
    In this article, we contend that due to their size and emphasis upon addressing external social concerns, the corporate relationship between social enterprises, social awareness and action is more complex than whether or not these organisations engage in corporate social responsibility (CSR). This includes organisations that place less emphasis on CSR as well as other organisations that may be very proficient in CSR initiatives, but are less successful in recording practices. In this context, we identify a number of internal CSR (...)
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  2.  51
    Beyond “Monologicality”? Exploring Conspiracist Worldviews.Bradley Franks, Adrian Bangerter, Martin W. Bauer, Matthew Hall & Mark C. Noort - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8:250235.
    Conspiracy theories (CTs) are widespread ways by which people make sense of unsettling or disturbing cultural events. Belief in CTs is often connected to problematic consequences, such as decreased engagement with conventional political action or even political extremism, so understanding the psychological and social qualities of CTs belief is important. CTs have often been understood to be “monological”, displaying the tendency for belief in one conspiracy theory to be correlated with belief in (many) others. Explanations of monologicality invoke a nomothetical (...)
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  3. The standard interpretation of Schopenhauer's compensation argument for pessimism: A nonstandard variant.David Bather Woods - 2021 - European Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):961-976.
    According to Schopenhauer’s compensation argument for pessimism, the non-existence of the world is preferable to its existence because no goods can ever compensate for the mere existence of evil. Standard interpretations take this argument to be based on Schopenhauer’s thesis that all goods are merely the negation of evils, from which they assume it follows that the apparent goods in life are in fact empty and without value. This article develops a non-standard variant of the standard interpretation, which accepts the (...)
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  4.  37
    Epistemic Value.Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.) - 2009 - Oxford, GB: Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Recent epistemology has reflected a growing interest in issues about the value of knowledge and the values informing epistemic appraisal. Is knowledge more valuable that merely true belief or even justified true belief? Is truth the central value informing epistemic appraisal or do other values enter the picture? Epistemic Value is a collection of previously unpublished articles on such issues by leading philosophers in the field. It will stimulate discussion of the nature of knowledge and of directions that might be (...)
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  5.  99
    Predictive processing and the representation wars: a victory for the eliminativist.Adrian Downey - 2018 - Synthese 195 (12):5115-5139.
    In this paper I argue that, by combining eliminativist and fictionalist approaches toward the sub-personal representational posits of predictive processing, we arrive at an empirically robust and yet metaphysically innocuous cognitive scientific framework. I begin the paper by providing a non-representational account of the five key posits of predictive processing. Then, I motivate a fictionalist approach toward the remaining indispensable representational posits of predictive processing, and explain how representation can play an epistemologically indispensable role within predictive processing explanations without thereby (...)
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  6. Fictions and their logic.John Woods - 2002 - In Dale Jacquette (ed.), Philosophy of Logic. Malden, Mass.: North Holland. pp. 5--835.
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  7. Interpretability and Unification.Adrian Erasmus & Tyler D. P. Brunet - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (2):1-6.
    In a recent reply to our article, “What is Interpretability?,” Prasetya argues against our position that artificial neural networks are explainable. It is claimed that our indefeasibility thesis—that adding complexity to an explanation of a phenomenon does not make the phenomenon any less explainable—is false. More precisely, Prasetya argues that unificationist explanations are defeasible to increasing complexity, and thus, we may not be able to provide such explanations of highly complex AI models. The reply highlights an important lacuna in our (...)
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  8.  10
    The Maladroitness of Epistemic Tit for Tat.John Woods - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (6):324.
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  9.  20
    Holding Intergovernmental Institutions to Account.Ngaire Woods - 2003 - Ethics and International Affairs 17 (1):69-80.
    How can governments and peoples better hold to account international economic institutions, such as the WTO, the World Bank, and the IMF? This article proposes an approach based on public accountability, advocating improvements in four areas: constitutional, political, financial, and internal accountability.The argument for more accountability is made with two caveats: more accountability is not always good–it can be distorting and costly; and, enhancing the accountability of international institutions should not justify increasing their jurisdiction for the sake of reducing the (...)
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  10. Reducing the Inadvertent Spread of Retracted Science: recommendations from the RISRS report.Jodi Schneider, Nathan D. Woods, Randi Proescholdt & The Risrs Team - 2022 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 7 (1).
    Background Retraction is a mechanism for alerting readers to unreliable material and other problems in the published scientific and scholarly record. Retracted publications generally remain visible and searchable, but the intention of retraction is to mark them as “removed” from the citable record of scholarship. However, in practice, some retracted articles continue to be treated by researchers and the public as valid content as they are often unaware of the retraction. Research over the past decade has identified a number of (...)
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  11. Embodying the mind and representing the body.Adrian John Tetteh Alsmith & Frédérique de Vignemont - 2012 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (1):1-13.
    Does the existence of body representations undermine the explanatory role of the body? Or do certain types of representation depend so closely upon the body that their involvement in a cognitive task implicates the body itself? In the introduction of this special issue we explore lines of tension and complement that might hold between the notions of embodiment and body representations, which remain too often neglected or obscure. To do so, we distinguish two conceptions of embodiment that either put weight (...)
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  12.  30
    Narrative Ethics, Authentic Integrity, and an Intrapersonal Medical Encounter in David Foster Wallace’s “Luckily the Account Representative Knew CPR”.Woods Nash - 2015 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 24 (1):96-106.
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  13.  4
    Conjoined.Woods Nash - 2024 - Journal of Medical Humanities 45 (2):223-224.
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  14.  44
    The farm as clinic: veterinary expertise and the transformation of dairy farming, 1930–1950.Abigail Woods - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38 (2):462-487.
    This paper explores the wartime creation of veterinary expertise in cattle breeding, and its contribution to the transition between two very different types of agriculture. During the interwar period, falling prices and steep competition from imports caused farmers to adopt a ‘low input, low output’ approach. To cut costs, they usually butchered, marketed or doctored diseased cows in preference to seeking veterinary aid. World War II forced a greater dependence on domestic food production, and inspired wide-ranging state-directed attempts to increase (...)
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  15.  12
    Expanding Narrative Medicine through the Collaborative Construction and Compelling Performance of Stories.Woods Nash, Mgbechi Erondu & Andrew Childress - 2023 - Journal of Medical Humanities 44 (2):207-225.
    This essay proposes an expansion of the concept of narrative competence, beyond close reading, to include two more skills: the collaborative construction and compelling performance of stories. To show how this enhanced form of narrative competence can be attained, the essay describes Off Script, a cocurricular medical storytelling program with three phases: 1) creative writing workshop, 2) dress rehearsal, and 3) public performance of stories. In these phases, Off Script combines literary studies, creative writing, reflective practice, collegial feedback, and drama. (...)
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  16.  9
    Camus at Seventeen: The Arduous Road through Oran.Woods Nash - 2018 - Journal of Medical Humanities 39 (3):397-399.
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  17.  6
    Grit, Gravity & Grace: New Poems about Medicine and Healthcare, edited by Rhonda Soricelli and Jack Coulehan, The College of Physicians of Philadelphia, 2015.Woods Nash - 2016 - Journal of Medical Humanities 37 (4):485-487.
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  18.  13
    Introduction: Imagining Contexts for Mental Illness.Woods Nash - 2018 - Journal of Medical Humanities 39 (1):1-2.
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  19.  16
    Inching in Degeneration: After Jack Gilbert’s Dementia Diagnosis.Woods Nash - 2018 - Journal of Medical Humanities 39 (1):127-129.
  20. A Research Model for Fiction.John Woods - 2018 - In Truth in Fiction: Rethinking its Logic. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Verlag.
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  21.  13
    From the Middle Out: A Case for Agnosticism.Patrick A. Woods - 2007 - Sophia 46 (1):35-48.
    Agnosticism has been largely passed over in the literature on Theism. This paper lays out an affirmative case for the agnostic position. Tapping into the classical arguments about the paradoxical qualities of ‘omni’ principles it argues that the agnostic position is ultimately more tenable than either Theism or Atheism. In the first part it regards the paradoxes of omnipotence and their replies strictly logically, declaring them to be true antimonies. In the second part it argues that classic arguments for belief (...)
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  22.  15
    Ignorance and Semantic Tableaux: Aliseda on Abduction.John Woods - 2009 - Theoria 22 (3):305-318.
    This is an examination of similarities and differences between Atocha Aliseda’s semantic tableaux analysis of abduction and Dov Gabbay’s and the present author’s ignorance-preservation model of it. Also discussed is the suitability of these models for the analysis of the logical structure of legal reasoning.
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  23. Models and Formal Representations.John Woods - 2018 - In Truth in Fiction: Rethinking its Logic. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Verlag.
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  24. Other Things Sherlock Isn’t.John Woods - 2018 - In Truth in Fiction: Rethinking its Logic. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Verlag.
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  25. Putting Inconsistency in Its Place.John Woods - 2018 - In Truth in Fiction: Rethinking its Logic. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Verlag.
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  26. Sherlock.John Woods - 2018 - In Truth in Fiction: Rethinking its Logic. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Verlag.
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  27. Suboptimality and Pretence.John Woods - 2018 - In Truth in Fiction: Rethinking its Logic. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Verlag.
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  28. Salty Tears and Racing Hearts.John Woods - 2018 - In Truth in Fiction: Rethinking its Logic. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Verlag.
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  29.  13
    Social Work: A New Profession.Robert A. Woods - 1905 - International Journal of Ethics 16 (1):25-39.
  30.  33
    The Greatest Happiness Regardless of Number.Anderson Woods - 1925 - International Journal of Ethics 35 (4):413-425.
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  31.  3
    Understanding and Education.R. G. Woods - 1972 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 4 (2):1-16.
  32. Seriamente entediado: Schopenhauer sobre o confinamento solitário, de David Bather Woods.Gustavo Ruiz da Silva, Alexandre de Lima Castro Tranjan & David Bather Woods - 2022 - Voluntas: Revista Internacional de Filosofia 2 (12):1-34.
    A evidência textual primária confirma que Schopenhauer estava ciente da adoção generalizada do confinamento solitário no sistema penitenciário americano e alguns de seus efeitos prejudiciais. Ele entende sua perniciosidade no que diz respeito ao tédio, fenômeno pelo qual é conhecido por ter nele pensado e analisado extensivamente. Neste artigo, eu interpreto o relato de Schopenhauer sobre o tédio e sua relação com o confinamento solitário. Defendo Schopenhauer contra a objeção de que os casos de confinamento servem apenas para ilustrar a (...)
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  33.  30
    Boundaries and varieties of republicanism.Adrián Herranz - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy.
    This paper addresses a neglected question in republican political philosophy: what are the conditions for a set of arguments to be considered republican? While republicanism traditionally confers a fundamental role to the democratic ideal of participation in decision-making, recent contributions argue that freedom could be promoted by facilitating exit where possible. The strong version of the latter argument states that when exit is possible, it constitutes the most important contribution to republican freedom, and it preserves the goal of isolating individual (...)
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  34. Presuppositional TOO, Postsuppositional TOO.Adrian Brasoveanu & Anna Szabolcsi - 2013 - The Dynamic, Inquisitive, and Visionary Life of Φ, ?Φ, and ◊Φ Subtitle: A Festschrift for Jeroen Groenendijk, Martin Stokhof, and Frank Veltman.
    One of the insights of dynamic semantics in its various guises (Kamp 1981, Heim 1982, Groenendijk & Stokhof 1991, Kamp & Reyle 1993 among many others) is that interpretation is sensitive to left-to-right order. Is order sensitivity, particularly the default left-to-right order of evaluation, a property of particular meanings of certain lexical items (e.g., dynamically interpreted conjunction) or is it a more general feature of meaning composition? If it is a more general feature of meaning composition, is it a processing (...)
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  35.  55
    Cross-cultural differences in crossmodal correspondences between basic tastes and visual features.Xiaoang Wan, Andy T. Woods, Jasper J. F. van den Bosch, Kirsten J. McKenzie, Carlos Velasco & Charles Spence - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  36.  84
    Split-brain syndrome and extended perceptual consciousness.Adrian Downey - 2018 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 17 (4):787-811.
    In this paper I argue that split-brain syndrome is best understood within an extended mind framework and, therefore, that its very existence provides support for an externalist account of conscious perception. I begin by outlining the experimental aberration model of split-brain syndrome and explain both: why this model provides the best account of split-brain syndrome; and, why it is commonly rejected. Then, I summarise Susan Hurley’s argument that split-brain subjects could unify their conscious perceptual field by using external factors to (...)
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  37.  52
    Where exactly am I? Self-location judgements distribute between head and torso.Adrian J. T. Alsmith & Matthew R. Longo - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 24:70-74.
  38.  26
    Navigating joint projects with dialogue.Adrian Bangerter & Herbert H. Clark - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27 (2):195-225.
    Dialogue has its origins in joint activities, which it serves to coordinate. Joint activities, in turn, usually emerge in hierarchically nested projects and subprojects. We propose that participants use dialogue to coordinate two kinds of transitions in these joint projects: vertical transitions, or entering and exiting joint projects; and horizontal transitions, or continuing within joint projects. The participants help signal these transitions with project markers, words such as uh-huh, m-hm, yeah, okay, or all right. These words have been studied mainly (...)
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  39.  49
    The Fifth Gospel.Woods Hutchinson - 1895 - The Monist 6 (1):99-110.
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  40.  56
    The Holiness of Instinct.Woods Hutchinson - 1896 - The Monist 6 (4):481-496.
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  41.  49
    The Value of Pain.Woods Hutchinson - 1897 - The Monist 7 (4):494-504.
  42.  18
    Angustus DeMorgan (1806--1871).Woods John - 1999 - Argumentation 13 (4):393-397.
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  43. At one with our actions, but at two with our bodies: Hornsby's Account of Action.Adrian Haddock - 2005 - Philosophical Explorations 8 (2):157 – 172.
    Jennifer Hornsby's account of human action frees us from the temptation to think of the person who acts as 'doing' the events that are her actions, and thereby removes much of the allure of 'agent causation'. But her account is spoiled by the claim that physical actions are 'tryings' that cause bodily movements. It would be better to think of physical actions and bodily movements as identical; but Hornsby refuses to do this, seemingly because she thinks that to do so (...)
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  44.  16
    Gestalt Mechanisms and Believing Beliefs: Sartre's Analysis of the Phenomenon of Bad Faith.Adrian Mirvish - 1987 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 18 (3):245-262.
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  45.  10
    Does Gay Sex Need Queer Theory?Adrian Rifkin - 2012 - Paragraph 35 (2):197-214.
    Strategically pursuing the time-honoured notion of tactical essentialism I explore some of the unworked themes from my old porno-theories concerning the sexual as a site of reflection, the literal deferral of jouissance in favour of a moment of insight. In order to do this I locate my argument in pages from the diaries of an old friend and bar colleague in Paris, J, which extend over three decades of gay life and contain innumerable scenes of sexual abandonment, written in a (...)
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  46.  10
    Il y a des mots qu'on souhaiterait ne plus lire.Adrian Rifkin - 2005 - Paragraph 28 (1):96-109.
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  47.  72
    Bodily structure and body representation.Adrian J. T. Alsmith - 2019 - Synthese 198 (3):2193-2222.
    This paper is concerned with representational explanations of how one experiences and acts with one’s body as an integrated whole. On the standard view, accounts of bodily experience and action must posit a corresponding representational structure: a representation of the body as an integrated whole. The aim of this paper is to show why we should instead favour the minimal view: given the nature of the body, and representation of its parts, accounts of the structure of bodily experience and action (...)
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  48. Structured anaphora to quantifier domains: A unified account of quantificational and modal subordination.Adrian Brasoveanu - manuscript
    The paper proposes an account of the contrast (noticed in Karttunen 1976) between the interpretations of the following two discourses: Harvey courts a girl at every convention. {She is very pretty. vs. She always comes to the banquet with him.}. The initial sentence is ambiguous between two quantifier scopings, but the first discourse as a whole allows only for the wide-scope indefinite reading, while the second allows for both. This cross-sentential interaction between quantifier scope and anaphora is captured by means (...)
     
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  49.  13
    Phasic arousal during gambling: A comparison of younger and older adults.Woods Alison, Bailey Phoebe & Gonsalvez Craig - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  50. On Context Shifters and Compositionality in Natural Languages.Adrian Briciu - 2018 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 25 (1):2-20.
    My modest aim in this paper is to prove certain relations between some type of hyper-intensional operators, namely context shifting operators, and compositionality in natural languages. Various authors (e.g. von Fintel & Matthewson 2008; Stalnaker 2014) have argued that context-shifting operators are incompatible with compositionality. In fact, some of them understand Kaplan’s (1989) famous ban on context-shifting operators as a constraint on compositionality. Others, (e.g. Rabern 2013) take contextshifting operators to be compatible with compositionality but, unfortunately, do not provide a (...)
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