Results for 'Carol B. Fowler'

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  1.  98
    Deliberate Microbial Infection Research Reveals Limitations to Current Safety Protections of Healthy Human Subjects.David L. Evers, Carol B. Fowler, Jeffrey T. Mason & Rebecca K. Mimnall - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (4):1049-1064.
    Here we identify approximately 40,000 healthy human volunteers who were intentionally exposed to infectious pathogens in clinical research studies dating from late World War II to the early 2000s. Microbial challenge experiments continue today under contemporary human subject research requirements. In fact, we estimated 4,000 additional volunteers who were experimentally infected between 2010 and the present day. We examine the risks and benefits of these experiments and present areas for improvement in protections of participants with respect to safety. These are (...)
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  2.  40
    The “God Module” and the Complexifying Brain.Carol Rausch Albright, John R. Albright, Jensine Andresen, Robert W. Bertram, David M. Byers, Anna Case-Winters, Michael Cavanaugh, Philip Clayton, Gerald A. Cory Jr & Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi - 2000 - Zygon 35 (4):735-744.
    Recent reports of the discovery of a “God module” in the human brain derive from the fact that epileptic seizures in the left temporal lobe are associated with ecstatic feelings sometimes described as an experience of the presence of God. The brain area involved has been described as either (a) the seat of an innate human faculty for experiencing the divine or (b) the seat of religious delusions.In fact, religious experience is extremely various and involves many parts of the brain, (...)
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  3.  60
    The "God Module" and the Complexifying Brain.Carol Rausch Albright - 2000 - Zygon 35 (4):735-744.
    Recent reports of the discovery of a “God module” in the human brain derive from the fact that epileptic seizures in the left temporal lobe are associated with ecstatic feelings sometimes described as an experience of the presence of God. The brain area involved has been described as either (a) the seat of an innate human faculty for experiencing the divine or (b) the seat of religious delusions.In fact, religious experience is extremely various and involves many parts of the brain, (...)
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  4.  10
    Ethics Pedagogy 2.0: A Content Analysis of Award-Winning Media Ethics Exercises.Carol B. Schwalbe & David Cuillier - 2013 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 28 (3):175-188.
    A content analysis of 253 Great Ideas for Teachers (GIFTs) found that most of the 18 activities suitable for ethics courses relied on traditional methods of teaching, mainly discussions, teamwork, and case studies. Few used online technology, games, or simulations, compared with activities in other areas of journalism education. While most ethics ideas were designed to stimulate higher order learning, they were less likely than other GIFTs to incorporate varied elements that might improve student engagement. The authors make suggestions, based (...)
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  5. Scientific discourse in the academy: A case study of an American Indian undergraduate.Carol B. Brandt - 2008 - Science Education 92 (5):825-847.
  6.  14
    Beyond what are given as givens: Ethnography and critical policy studies.Carol B. Stack - 1997 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 25 (2):191-207.
  7.  13
    A thirst for justice in the arid Southwest: The role of epistemology and place in higher education.Carol B. Brandt - 2004 - Educational Studies 36 (1).
  8.  15
    Cates, Diana Fritz, and Paul Lauritzen, eds. Medicine and the Ethics of Care.Carol B. Smith - 2002 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 2 (1):179-181.
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  9.  25
    Eisenberg, Mickey S. Life in the Balance: Emergency Medicine and the Quest to Reverse Sudden Death.Carol B. Smith - 2001 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 1 (2):270-271.
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  10.  14
    “Secret” Casualties: Images of Injury and Death in the Iraq War Across Media Platforms.B. William Silcock, Carol B. Schwalbe & Susan Keith - 2008 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 23 (1):36-50.
    This study examined more than 2,500 war images from U.S. television news, newspapers, news magazines, and online news sites during the first five weeks of the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 and found that only 10% showed injury or death. The paper analyzes which media platforms were most willing to show casualties and offers insights on when journalists should use gruesome war images or keep them secret.
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  11.  27
    Cluff, Leighton E., M.D., and Robert H. Binstock, eds. The Lost Art of Caring: A Challenge to Health Professionals, Families, Communities, and Society. [REVIEW]Carol B. Smith - 2002 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 2 (4):762-764.
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  12.  26
    Public and firm interests in public service diversifications.William R. Fannin & Carol B. Gilmore - 1985 - Journal of Business Ethics 4 (5):415 - 418.
    Public service organization's increasingly are considering diversification into new “for-profit” or “high-profit” enterprises. Such undertakings offer a number of potential benefits to both the organization and the public. They also have potential problems. This article examines some of the major types of benefits and problems in hopes that both public service managers and public policy makers will give a balanced consideration to these diversification efforts.
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  13.  64
    Images in ethics codes in an era of violence and tragedy.Susan Keith, Carol B. Schwalbe & B. William Silcock - 2006 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 21 (4):245 – 264.
    In an analysis of 47 U.S. journalism ethics codes, we found that although most consider images, only 9 address a gripping issue: how to treat images of tragedy and violence, such as those produced on the battlefields of Iraq, during the 2005 London bombings, and after Hurricane Katrina. Among codes that consider violent and tragic images, there is agreement on what images are problematic and a move toward green-light considerations of ethical responsibilities. However, the special problems of violence and truth (...)
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  14.  66
    “Secret” Casualties: Images of Injury and Death in the Iraq War Across Media Platforms.B. William Silcock, Carol B. Schwalbe & Susan Keith - 2008 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 23 (1):36 – 50.
    This study examined more than 2,500 war images from U.S. television news, newspapers, news magazines, and online news sites during the first five weeks of the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 and found that only 10% showed injury or death. The paper analyzes which media platforms were most willing to show casualties and offers insights on when journalists should use gruesome war images or keep them secret.
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  15.  21
    Bioethics Mediation: A Guide to Shaping Shared Solutions.Jacquelyn Slomka, Nancy Neveloff Dubler & Carol B. Liebman - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (2):45.
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  16.  18
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]E. Wayne Ross, Carole B. Shmurak, Rebecca Powell, Jacob L. Susskind, Linda B. Biemer & J. Preston Prather - 1994 - Educational Studies 25 (4):311-334.
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  17.  21
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Robert L. Emans, Carole B. Shmurak, M. Alayne Sullivan, James M. Wallace, Gunilla Holm & Leo W. Pauls - 1994 - Educational Studies 25 (3):233-263.
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  18.  13
    Eighty-Sixth Critical Bibliography of the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences.Harry Woolf, Phyllis Brooks Bosson & Carol B. Hewitt - 1961 - Isis 52 (3):445-526.
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  19.  37
    A perfect storm: examining the synergistic effects of negative and positive emotional instability on promoting weight loss activities in anorexia nervosa.Edward A. Selby, Talea Cornelius, Kara B. Fehling, Amy Kranzler, Emily A. Panza, Jason M. Lavender, Stephen A. Wonderlich, Ross D. Crosby, Scott G. Engel, James E. Mitchell, Scott J. Crow, Carol B. Peterson & Daniel Le Grange - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  20.  53
    The Public Health Workforce and Willingness to Respond to Emergencies: A 50‐State Analysis of Potentially Influential Laws.Lainie Rutkow, Jon S. Vernick, Maxim Gakh, Jennifer Siegel, Carol B. Thompson & Daniel J. Barnett - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (1):64-71.
    Law plays a critical role in all stages of a public health emergency, providing an infrastructure for planning, response, and recovery efforts. A growing body of research has underscored the potential for certain types of state laws, such as those granting liability protections to responders, to influence the public health workforce's participation in emergency responses. It is therefore especially important to focus on particular state-level laws that may be associated with individuals' increased or decreased willingness to respond. We conducted a (...)
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  21.  68
    The Public Health Workforce and Willingness to Respond to Emergencies: A 50-State Analysis of Potentially Influential Laws.Lainie Rutkow, Jon S. Vernick, Maxim Gakh, Jennifer Siegel, Carol B. Thompson & Daniel J. Barnett - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (1):64-71.
    Law plays a critical role in all stages of a public health emergency, including planning, response, and recovery. Public health emergencies introduce health concerns at the population level through, for example, the emergence of a novel infectious disease. In the United States, at the federal, state, and local levels, laws provide an infrastructure for public health emergency preparedness and response efforts: they grant the government the ability to officially declare an emergency, authorize responders to act, and facilitate interjurisdictional coordination. Law (...)
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  22.  44
    An operational definition of conscious awareness must be responsible to subjective experience.Carol A. Fowler - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):33-35.
  23.  31
    The orderly output constraint is not wearing any clothes.Carol A. Fowler - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):265-266.
    The orderly output constraint (OOC) is extraneous. Talkers “speak in lines” in its absence. Further, there is no perceptual motivation for an OOC; perceivers ignore the linearity between F2 at consonant-vowel onset and F2 in the vowel. In any case, the analogy with bat and barn owl localization systems underlying the theory is extreme, Sussman et al.'s comments to the contrary notwithstanding.
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  24. Speech production.Carol A. Fowler - 2009 - In Gareth Gaskell (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics. Oxford University Press.
  25.  25
    The Limitations of Artificial Intelligence in Light of Zubiri’s Noology.Thomas B. Fowler - 2022 - Quaestio 21:233-258.
    Rapid advances in computer technology and what is termed ‘Artificial Intelligence’ in the past 70 years have led to speculation about the ultimate capabilities of electronic devices, including speculation about whether they will make humans obsolete at some future time. Zubiri’s distinction between sensible intelligence and sentient intelligence can be applied to understanding of the limitations of AI. Machines can only operate on the sensible intelligence paradigm, which entails limits. Sentient intelligence allows humans to carry out functions that sensible intelligence-based (...)
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  26.  27
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Nancy Smith, Ruth Bradbury Lamonte, James M. Wallace, Carole B. Shmurak, Victor N. Kobayashi & Richard D. Lakes - 1994 - Educational Studies 25 (3):199-233.
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  27.  18
    "Perception of the speech code" revisited: Speech is alphabetic after all.Carol A. Fowler, Donald Shankweiler & Michael Studdert-Kennedy - 2016 - Psychological Review 123 (2):125-150.
  28.  27
    An ecological alternative to a “sad response”: Public language use transcends the boundaries of the skin – ERRATUM.Carol A. Fowler - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):464-464.
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  29.  22
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Harvey Neufeldt, Sharon D. Kruse, Carole B. Shmurak, David Gruenwald & Mary Phillips Manke - 1998 - Educational Studies 29 (2):189-209.
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  30.  7
    Xavier Zubiri’s Critique of Classical Philosophy.Thomas B. Fowler - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 5:40-46.
    The contemporary Spanish philosopher Xavier Zubiri developed his philosophy in constant dialogue with the past. Zubiri believed that there are fundamental flaws with classical philosophy that require a fresh approach. His critique of classical philosophy falls into three areas: conceptual, factual, and scope. The first is treated in this paper with respect to five subjects. Zubiri believed that the structure of human intellection is incorrect in classical philosophy. This error contributes in large part to two key errors which he termed (...)
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  31.  24
    Evidence‐based diagnosis.P. B. S. Fowler - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (2):153-159.
  32.  33
    The Development of Mathematical Thought as Confirmation of Zubiri's Noology.Thomas B. Fowler - 2001 - The Xavier Zubiri Review 3:121-132.
  33.  47
    A Framework for Political Theory Based on Zubiri's Concept of Reality.Thomas B. Fowler - 2002 - The Xavier Zubiri Review 4:109-132.
    Zubiri was especially keen on unde rstanding what mathematics is, and what literature is,not in the operational terms often employed to describe them, but as knowledge about reality. Through his philosophy of sentient intelligence, he came to understand that in bothcases, a new reality is created which is then explored, and the essential ingredient ispostulation. This insight was only possible because Zubiri recognized that reality is not azone of things, but formality. Zubiri’s notion of postulated reality can be extended to (...)
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  34.  38
    Merging auditory and visual phonetic information: A critical test for feedback?Lawrence Brancazio & Carol A. Fowler - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):327-328.
    The present description of the Merge model addresses only auditory, not audiovisual, speech perception. However, recent findings in the audiovisual domain are relevant to the model. We outline a test that we are conducting of the adequacy of Merge, modified to accept visual information about articulation.
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  35.  37
    Event coding as feature guessing: The lessons of the motor theory of speech perception.Bruno Galantucci, Carol A. Fowler & M. T. Turvey - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):886-887.
    The claim that perception and action are commonly coded because they are indistinguishable at the distal level is crucial for theories of cognition. However, the consequences of this claim run deep, and the Theory of Event Coding (TEC) is not up to the challenge it poses. We illustrate why through a brief review of the evidence that led to the motor theory of speech perception.
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  36. Differences in cohesiveness among different types of word-initial consonant clusters.Rebecca Treiman & Carol A. Fowler - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (6):492-492.
     
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  37.  23
    A Commentary on Plato's Timaeus.Carol V. B. Wight & A. E. Taylor - 1930 - American Journal of Philology 51 (1):86.
  38.  23
    Illuminating Dance: Philosophical Explorations.Sarah B. Fowler - 1986 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 44 (4):417-419.
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  39. 314 index of names.B. Fowler - 2008 - In Tobias Hoffmann (ed.), Weakness of Will from Plato to the Present. Catholic University of America Press. pp. 49--313.
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  40.  45
    Introduction to the Philosophy of Xavier Zubiri.Thomas B. Fowler - 1998 - The Xavier Zubiri Review 1 (1).
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  41.  12
    A consultant looks at the NHS todayPart 2 of a text based on a lecture delivered by the author at The Royal London Hospital, England, UK.P. B. S. Fowler - 1999 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 5 (4):427-436.
  42.  21
    Why Language Evolution Needs Memory: Systems and Ecological Approaches.Anton V. Sukhoverkhov & Carol A. Fowler - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (1):47-65.
    The main purpose of this article is to consider the significance of different types of memory and non-genetic inheritance and different biosemiotic systems for the origin and evolution of language. It presents language and memory as distributed, heteronomous and system-determined processes implemented in biological and social domains. The article emphasises that language and other sign systems are both ecological and inductive systems that were caused by and always correlate with the environment and deductive systems that are inherited by and depend (...)
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  43. Index to Volume 34.Carol Rausch Albright, James B. Ashbrook, John R. Albright, Jensine Andresen, Ian G. Barbour, Kim L. Beckmann, Dennis Bielfeldt, Sjoerd L. Bonting & Rudolf B. Brun - 1999 - Zygon 34 (4).
     
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  44. The Formality of Reality: Xavier Zubiri's Critique of Hume's Analysis of Causality.Thomas B. Fowler - 1998 - The Xavier Zubiri Review 1 (1):57-66.
    Causality has been a pivotal concept in the history of philosophy since the time of the Ancient Greeks. After David Hume, however, many have questioned whether there is any metaphysical meaning of causality, or valid inferences based upon it. Xavier Zubiri has rethought and reformulated the question of causality in light of its historical roles, well-known criticisms, and relevant contemporary knowledge. In doing so, he has achieved a unique perspective on the subject which should be of great interest to those (...)
     
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  45.  33
    Compendium Mariologæ by Gabriel M. Roschini, O.S.M.J. B. Carol - 1947 - Franciscan Studies 7 (2):250-250.
  46.  62
    Our Lady of Sorrows. A Book of Mediations by Rev. Hilary Morris, O.S.M.J. B. Carol - 1947 - Franciscan Studies 7 (2):249-250.
  47.  19
    Primacy, recency, and the availability heuristic.Carol L. Curt & Eugene B. Zechmeister - 1984 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (3):177-179.
  48.  27
    CSR by Any Other Name? The Differential Impact of Substantive and Symbolic CSR Attributions on Employee Outcomes.Magda B. L. Donia, Sigalit Ronen, Carol-Ann Tetrault Sirsly & Silvia Bonaccio - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (2):503-523.
    Employing a time-lagged sample of 371 North American individuals working full time in a wide range of industries, occupations, and levels, we contribute to research on employee outcomes of corporate social responsibility attributions as substantive or symbolic. Utilizing a mediated moderation model, our study extends previous findings by explaining how and why CSR attributions are related with work-related attitudes and subsequent individual performance. In support of our hypotheses, our findings indicate that the relationships between CSR attributions and individual performance are (...)
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  49.  14
    Our Lady’s Part in the Redemption According to Seventeenth-Century Writers.J. B. Carol - 1943 - Franciscan Studies 3 (2):143-158.
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  50.  7
    LECTURE: A consultant looks at the NHS today (Part 1 of a text based on a lecture delivered by the author at the Royal London Hospital, England, UK).P. B. S. Fowler - 1999 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 5 (3):347-354.
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