Results for 'Filipe Borges'

680 found
Order:
  1.  91
    A History of AI and Law in 50 Papers: 25 Years of the International Conference on AI and Law. [REVIEW]Trevor Bench-Capon, Michał Araszkiewicz, Kevin Ashley, Katie Atkinson, Floris Bex, Filipe Borges, Daniele Bourcier, Paul Bourgine, Jack G. Conrad, Enrico Francesconi, Thomas F. Gordon, Guido Governatori, Jochen L. Leidner, David D. Lewis, Ronald P. Loui, L. Thorne McCarty, Henry Prakken, Frank Schilder, Erich Schweighofer, Paul Thompson, Alex Tyrrell, Bart Verheij, Douglas N. Walton & Adam Z. Wyner - 2012 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 20 (3):215-319.
    We provide a retrospective of 25 years of the International Conference on AI and Law, which was first held in 1987. Fifty papers have been selected from the thirteen conferences and each of them is described in a short subsection individually written by one of the 24 authors. These subsections attempt to place the paper discussed in the context of the development of AI and Law, while often offering some personal reactions and reflections. As a whole, the subsections build into (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  2.  71
    Borges on Allegories and Novels.Jorge Luis Borges & Ruth L. C. Simms - 2009 - The Chesterton Review 35 (1/2):268-271.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3.  89
    ". . . Merely a Man of Letters": An Interview with Jorge Luis Borges.Jorge Luis Borges - 1977 - Philosophy and Literature 1 (3):337-341.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  4.  37
    Thk Cask Op Borges.Thk Cask Op Borges - unknown
    Jorge Luis Borges is working for decades now on the execution of the nightmare. Perhaps his most celebrated instance is "Tlon, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius ". It would take much work to sift the fabricated references in Borges' works from the ones deliberately misread from the over-emphasis on an author's casual remark, etc.
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. A Positive Theory of Social Entrepreneurship.Filipe M. Santos - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (3):335-351.
    I propose a theory aimed at advancing scholarly research in social entrepreneurship. By highlighting the key trade-off between value creation and value capture and explaining when situations of simultaneous market and government failure may arise, I suggest that social entrepreneurship is the pursuit of sustainable solutions to neglected problems with positive externalities. I further discuss the situations in which problems with externalities are likely to be neglected and derive the central goal and logic of action of social entrepreneurs, in contrast (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   36 citations  
  6.  14
    Can Interpersonal Behavior Influence the Persistence and Adherence to Physical Exercise Practice in Adults? A Systematic Review.Filipe Rodrigues, Teresa Bento, Luís Cid, Henrique Pereira Neiva, Diogo Teixeira, João Moutão, Daniel Almeida Marinho & Diogo Monteiro - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  7.  2
    Is the Problem of Conflicting Intentions a Genuine Problem? Some Remarks on Gómez-Torrente´s “Roads to Reference”.Filipe Martone - 2020 - Manuscrito 43 (4):49-58.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  8. Effects of Small-Sided Game Interventions on the Technical Execution and Tactical Behaviors of Young and Youth Team Sports Players: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.Filipe Manuel Clemente, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Hugo Sarmento, Gibson Moreira Praça, José Afonso, Ana Filipa Silva, Thomas Rosemann & Beat Knechtle - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: Small-sided games are an adjusted form of official games that are often used in training scenarios to introduce a specific tactical issue to team sports players. Besides the acute effects of SSGs on players' performance, it is expectable that the consistent use of these drill-based games induces adaptations in the technical execution and tactical behaviors of youth team sports players.Objective: This systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted to assess the effects of SSG programs on the technical execution and tactical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  42
    Mental Files and Non-Transitive De Jure Coreference.Filipe Drapeau Vieira Contim - 2016 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7 (2):365-388.
    Among other virtues, Mental Files Theory provides a straightforward explanation of de jure coreference, i.e. identity of referent guaranteed by meaning alone: de jure coreference holds between terms when these are associated with the same mental file from which they inherit their reference. In this paper, I discuss an objection that Angel Pinillos raises against Mental Files Theory and other similar theories: the theory predicts that de jure coreference should be transitive, just like identity. Yet there are cases, involving ‘slash-terms’, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  10.  2
    Borges, Hugo Margáin y el estudio de los cuantificadores generalizados.Víctor M. Sánchez-Valencia - 2001 - Critica 33 (99):111-112.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  28
    Ethically Questionable Negotiating: The Interactive Effects of Trust, Competitiveness, and Situation Favorability on Ethical Decision Making. [REVIEW]Filipe Sobral & Gazi Islam - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 117 (2):281-296.
    This study explores the direct and interactive effects of individual differences in interpersonal trust and negotiation style on ethical decision-making processes across commonly faced negotiation situations. Individual differences influence basic ideas about legitimate negotiating behaviors, affect behavioral intentions directly, and interact with the favorability of negotiating situations, resulting in direct, indirect, and interactive effects on ethical decision-making processes. Using a sample of 298 participants in executive education workshops, the study analyzes the relationship between interpersonal trust, competitiveness, moral judgment, and behavioral (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  12.  16
    Executive Functions and Prosodic Abilities in Children With High-Functioning Autism.Marisa G. Filipe, Sónia Frota & Selene G. Vicente - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  13.  16
    Dynamic Interactions With the Environment Make Up Our Psychological Phenomena: A Review of Noë’s Out of Our Heads. [REVIEW]Filipe Lazzeri - 2015 - The Psychological Record 65 (1):215-222.
    The traditional, and still standard, view of psychological phenomena in some empirical sciences holds that they take place inside the organism’s body and can be individuated independently of external factors. The organism’s behaviors are, according to this view, mere effects, rather then constituents, of psychological phenomena. And the fact that, for example, an organism is desiring something instead of something else is taken to be a matter entirely of what is inside the organism. The current versions of the view are (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  14. Referir-se-ão as categorias psicológicas ordinárias a causas internas do comportamento?Filipe Lazzeri - 2013 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 18 (1):41-73.
    A abordagem de Armstrong e Lewis sobre os conceitos psicológicos ordinários pretende-se uma síntese entre behaviorismo e cartesianismo. Ela sustenta, fundamentalmente, duas teses: (a) a de que esses conceitos, em geral, explicam e predizem comportamentos pela designação de entidades internas (isto é, próprias do interior do corpo) que são os ocupantes de papéis de causar os respectivos comportamentos; e (b) a tese de que os ocupantes desses papéis causais identificam-se com entidades cerebrais e, eventualmente, substratos internos de outras constituições físicas, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  15.  24
    On Some Common Objections to a Behavioral Approach to Psychological Categories.Filipe Lazzeri - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (3):405-418.
    This paper addresses several objections that have been leveled against a behavioral approach to psychological categories. It reconstructs and critically assesses the so-called causal objection; alleged counterexamples whereby one can exhibit the typical behaviors associated with a psychological phenomenon without exhibiting the latter, including Lewis’ “perfect actor” case and Kirk’s “zombie”; alleged counterexamples whereby organisms can exemplify psychological phenomena without exhibiting any behavior associated with them, including Armstrong’s imagined brain in a vat, Putnam’s “super-super-spartans” scenario, and related cases; and the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  16
    Um Exame de Objeções a Ryle Sobre o Funcionamento Dos Termos Psicológicos Intencionais.Filipe Lazzeri & Jorge Oliveira-Castro - 2010 - Abstracta 6 (1):42-64.
    This paper briefly presents an account, partially based upon Ryle’s approach, of the functions of intentional psychological terms as they are used in ordinary language. According to this account, intentional psychological terms describe known patterns of behavior that are determined by selective mechanisms of causation. That is, these terms describe relations between certain responses, selected on the basis of the consequences they produce in the environment, and contexts of their occurrence, to which they become associated. Intentional psychological terms do not (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  17. Labyrinths.Borges - 2006 - In Thomas L. Cooksey (ed.), Masterpieces of Philosophical Literature. Greenwood Press.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  18.  40
    On Haptic and Motor Incorporation of Tools and Other Objects.Filipe Herkenhoff Carijó, Maria Clara Almeida & Virgínia Kastrup - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (4):685-701.
    This article presents a conceptual discussion on the phenomenon of incorporation of tools and other objects in the light of Maine de Biran’s philosophy of the relation between the body and the motor will. Drawing on Maine de Biran’s view of the body as that portion of the material world which directly obeys one’s motor will, as well as on his view (supported by studies in contemporary cognitive science) of active touch as the perceptual modality that is sensitive to objects (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19.  26
    On Haptic and Motor Incorporation of Tools and Other Objects.Filipe Herkenhoff Carijó, Maria Clara de Almeida & Virgínia Kastrup - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (4):685-701.
    This article presents a conceptual discussion on the phenomenon of incorporation of tools and other objects in the light of Maine de Biran’s philosophy of the relation between the body and the motor will. Drawing on Maine de Biran’s view of the body as that portion of the material world which directly obeys one’s motor will, as well as on his view (supported by studies in contemporary cognitive science) of active touch as the perceptual modality that is sensitive to objects (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  20.  1
    Love, Society and Agape: An Interview with Axel Honneth. [REVIEW]Filipe Campello & Gennaro Iorio - 2013 - European Journal of Social Theory 16 (2):246-258.
    This interview discusses whether the concept of love can be used not only when dealing with primary relations of recognition, as in the relations of family or friendship, but also regarding social relations in civil society. The issues refer to the categorical differences between the concept of love – as developed by Honneth in his theory of recognition – and that proposed by the concept of ‘agapic action’ as a specific comprehension of love that is not reducible to affective bonds, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21. The Active Nature of the Soul in Sense Perception: Robert Kilwardby and Peter Olivi.Juhana Toivanen & José Filipe Silva - 2010 - Vivarium 48 (3):245-278.
    This article discusses the theories of perception of Robert Kilwardby and Peter of John Olivi. Our aim is to show how in challenging certain assumptions of medieval Aristotelian theories of perception they drew on Augustine and argued for the active nature of the soul in sense perception. For both Kilwardby and Olivi, the soul is not passive with respect to perceived objects; rather, it causes its own cognitive acts with respect to external objects and thus allows the subject to perceive (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  22.  76
    On Synchronic Dogmatism.Rodrigo Borges - 2015 - Synthese 192 (11):3677-3693.
    Saul Kripke argued that the requirement that knowledge eliminate all possibilities of error leads to dogmatism . According to this view, the dogmatism puzzle arises because of a requirement on knowledge that is too strong. The paper argues that dogmatism can be avoided even if we hold on to the strong requirement on knowledge. I show how the argument for dogmatism can be blocked and I argue that the only other approach to the puzzle in the literature is mistaken.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  23.  9
    Acerca da Taxonomia Do Mental Para Contextos Que Requerem Neutralidade.Filipe Lazzeri - 2013 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 16 (3):365-392.
    Ordinary psychological predicates, and the phenomena we report to by means of them, can be grouped together into different categories. For instance, it is usual to group together phenomena such as belief and expectancy in a category of ‘propositional attitudes’, whereas sensations, like pain and itch, in a distinct one. Which taxonomy of the mental would be plausible to be adopted in contexts such as those of introductory books to the philosophy of mind, i.e., when we need to set out (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24.  98
    What Can Kant Teach Us About Emotions?Maria Borges - 2004 - Journal of Philosophy 101 (3):140-158.
  25.  41
    Knowledge, Scepticism, and Defeat: Themes From Klein.Rodrigo Borges, Branden Fitelson & Cherie Braden (eds.) - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    This is a collection of new essays written in honor of the work of Peter D. Klein, who has had and continues to have a tremendous influence in the development of epistemology. The essays reflect the breadth and depth of Klein’s work by engaging directly with his views and with the views of his interlocutors.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26.  93
    Singular Reference Without Singular Thought.Filipe Martone - 2016 - Manuscrito 39 (1):33-60.
    In this paper I challenge the widespread assumption that the conditions for singular reference are more or less the same as the conditions for singular thought. I claim that we refer singularly to things without thinking singularly about them more often than it is usually believed. I first argue that we should take the idea that singular thought is non-descriptive thought very seriously. If we do that, it seems that we cannot be so liberal about what counts as acquaintance; only (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  27. Borges and Philosophy Self, Time, and Metaphysics.W. H. Bossart - 2003
  28. A Failed Twist to an Old Problem: A Reply to John N. Williams.Rodrigo Borges - 2016 - Logos and Episteme 7 (1):75-81.
    John N. Williams argued that Peter Klein's defeasibility theory of knowledge excludes the possibility of one knowing that one has a posteriori knowledge. He does that by way of adding a new twist to an objection Klein himself answered more than forty years ago. In this paper I argue that Williams' objection misses its target because of this new twist.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  29.  9
    Reasons to Write in Grade 6 and Their Association With Writing Quality.Renata S. Rocha, Marisa Filipe, Sofia Magalhães, Steve Graham & Teresa Limpo - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  30.  18
    Identités psychophysiques et inférence à la meilleure explication.Filipe Drapeau Vieira Contim & Pascal Ludwig - 2013 - Philosophiques 40 (1):171.
    Filipe Drapeau Vieira Contim ,Pascal Ludwig | : La plupart des théoriciens de l’identité des types souscrivent à un physicalisme a posteriori à l’égard des propriétés phénoménales. Selon cette conception, les énoncés d’identité esprit/cerveau peuvent être justifiés par une inférence à la meilleure explication (IME) partant du fait empirique des corrélations esprit/cerveau. Nous soutenons que la théorie de l’identité ne peut pas s’appuyer sur cette méthodologie abductive. Nous montrons tout d’abord que l’on ne peut pas justifier les énoncés d’identité (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  31. Knowledge From Knowledge.Rodrigo Borges - forthcoming - American Philosophical Quarterly.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32.  27
    Robert Kilwardby on the Human Soul: Plurality of Forms and Censorship in the Thirteenth Century.Jose Filipe Silva - 2012 - Brill.
    Robert Kilwardby on the Human Soul examines Kilwardby’s role in conciliating Aristotelian and Augustinian views on the soul, soul-body relation, and cognition.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  33.  6
    Painting Borges: Philosophy Interpreting Art Interpreting Literature.Jorge J. E. Gracia - 2012 - State University of New York Press.
    A provocative examination of the artistic interpretation of twelve of Borges’s most famous stories.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  34.  29
    Robert Kilwardby.José Filipe Silva - 2012 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy:1-35.
  35.  43
    Physiology and the Controlling of Affects in Kant's Philosophy.Maria Borges - 2008 - Kantian Review 13 (2):46-66.
    Kant is categorical about the relation between virtue and the controlling of inclinations:Since virtue is based on inner freedom it contains a positive command to a human being, namely to bring all his capacities and inclinations under his reason's control and so to rule over himself. Virtue presupposes apathy, in the sense of absence of affects. Kant revives the stoic ideal of tranquilitas as a necessary condition for virtue: ‘The true strength of virtue is a tranquil mind’ . In the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  36.  24
    Non-Selective Lexical Access in Bilinguals is Spontaneous and Independent of Input Monitoring: Evidence From Eye Tracking.Yan Jing Wu, Filipe Cristino, Charles Leek & Guillaume Thierry - 2013 - Cognition 129 (2):418-425.
  37.  30
    Experience and Cognition in Peirce's Semiotics.Priscila Borges - 2014 - American Journal of Semiotics 30 (1/2):1-26.
    Peirce’s system of sixty-six classes as represented in the Signtree visual model is considered in order to show the strong relation between experience and cognition in semiotics. In this Signtree model we find twenty-four different classes of sinsign, in which we can observe signs of experience, and thirty-six classes of legisign, in which we find general types or laws. Sinsigns and legisigns are predominant in the system of sixty-six classes and they are closely related. Ordinary experiences are used to illustrate (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38.  13
    Populism and the Politics of Redemption.Filipe Carreira da Silva & Mónica Brito Vieira - 2018 - Thesis Eleven 149 (1):10-30.
    This article re-examines current definitions of populism, which portray it as either a powerful corrective to or the nemesis of liberal democracy. It does so by exploring a crucial but often neglected dimension of populism: its redemptive character. Populism is here understood to function according to the logic of resentment, which involves both socio-political indignation at injustice and envy or ressentiment. Populism promises redemption through regaining possession: of a lower status, a wounded identity, a diminished or lost control. Highly moralized (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39.  3
    Perceptual Errors in Late Medieval Philosophy.Juhana Toivanen & José Filipe Silva - 2019 - In Brian Glenney & José Filipe Silva (eds.), The Senses and the History of Philosophy. New York, NY, USA: pp. 106-130.
    Perception of the external world is an essential part of the animal (including human) life, both as a source of knowledge and as a way to survive. Medieval authors accepted this view, and despite general concerns about the reliability of the senses in the acquisition of certain and objective knowledge, they thought that for the most part our perceptual system gets things right when it comes to the perceptual features of things—but not always. Our article focuses on thirteenth- and fourteenth-century (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40.  64
    Foucault, Borges, Heterotopia: Producing Knowledge in Other Spaces.Robert J. Topinka - 2010 - Foucault Studies 9:54-70.
    Arguably the most famous heterotopia that appears in Foucault’s work is the Chinese encyclopedia, which originates in the fiction of Jorge Luis Borges. Drawing on this citation of Borges, this article examines Foucault’s notion of the heterotopia as it relates to order and knowledge production. Frequently, heterotopias are understood as sites of resistance. This article argues that shifting the focus from resistance to order and knowledge production reveals how heterotopias make the spatiality of order legible. By juxtaposing and (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41. How to Moore a Gettier: Notes on the Dark Side of Knowledge.Rodrigo Borges - 2014 - Logos and Episteme 5 (2):133-140.
    The Gettier Problem and Moore’s Paradox are related in a way that is unappreciated by philosophers. If one is in a Gettier situation, then one is also in a Moorean situation. The fact that S is in a Gettier situation (the fact that S is “Gettiered”), like the fact that S is in a Moorean situation (the fact that S is “Moored”), cannot (in the logical sense of “cannot”) be known by S while S is in that situation. The paper (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42.  56
    Bad Luck for the Anti‐Luck Epistemologist.Rodrigo Borges - 2016 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 54 (4):463-479.
    Anti-luck epistemologists tell us that knowledge is incompatible with epistemic luck and that epistemic luck is just a special case of luck in general. Much work has been done on the intricacies of the first claim. In this paper, I scrutinize the second claim. I argue that it does not survive scrutiny. I then offer an analysis of luck that explains the relevant data and avoids the problems from which the current views of luck suffer. However, this analysis of luck (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43.  56
    Borges's Labyrinths, Kosovo's Enclaves, and Urban/Civic Designing (II) Intimations of What Is: Societies and Enclaves.Rory J. Conces - 2013 - Bosnia Daily (3088):10-11.
  44.  48
    Borges's Labyrinths, Kosovo's Enclaves, and Urban/Civic Designing (I) Intimations of Making Sense.Rory J. Conces - 2013 - Bosnia Daily (3087):10-11.
  45.  75
    Borges and Danto: A Reply to Michael Wreen.Christopher Janaway - 1992 - British Journal of Aesthetics 32 (1):72-76.
  46.  23
    A Visual Model of Peirce's 66 Classes of Signs Unravels His Late Proposal of Enlarging Semiotic Theory.Priscila Borges - 2010 - In W. Carnielli L. Magnani (ed.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. pp. 221--237.
  47.  41
    Borges's Labyrinths, Kosovo's Enclaves, and Urban/Civic Designing (III) Intimations of What Is: Enclaves, Objects, and Kosovo.Rory J. Conces - 2013 - Bosnia Daily (3089):10-11.
  48.  36
    Borges's Labyrinths, Kosovo's Enclaves, and Urban/Civic Designing (IV) Intimations of Change: Urban Design.Rory J. Conces - 2013 - Bosnia Daily (3090):11-13.
  49.  15
    Common Verbal Quantifiers: Usage and Interpretation.Marilyn A. Borges & Barbara K. Sawyers - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (2):335.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  50.  35
    G. H. Mead: A System in a State of Flux.Filipe Carreira da Silva - 2007 - History of the Human Sciences 20 (1):45-65.
    This article offers an original, intellectual portrait of G. H. Mead. My reassessment of Mead’s thinking is founded, in methodological terms, upon a historically minded yet theoretically oriented strategy. Mead’s system of thought is submitted to a historical reconstruction in order to grasp the evolution of his ideas over time, and to a thematic reconstruction organized around three major research areas or pillars: science, social psychology and politics. If one re-examines the entirety of Mead’s published and unpublished writings from the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 680