Results for 'Medicine Philosophy'

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  1.  77
    The Philosophy of Evidence-Based Medicine.Jeremy Howick - 2011 - Wiley-Blackwell, Bmj Books.
    The philosophy of evidence-based medicine -- What is EBM? -- What is good evidence for a clinical decision? -- Ruling out plausible rival hypotheses and confounding factors : a method -- Resolving the paradox of effectiveness : when do observational studies offer the same degree of evidential support as randomized trials? -- Questioning double blinding as a universal methodological virtue of clinical trials : resolving the Philip's paradox -- Placebo controls : problematic and misleading baseline measures of effectiveness (...)
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  2.  97
    New Directions in Philosophy of Medicine.Jacob Stegenga, Ashley Kennedy, Serife Tekin, Saana Jukola & Robyn Bluhm - forthcoming - In James Marcum (ed.), Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine. Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 343-367.
    The purpose of this chapter is to describe what we see as several important new directions for philosophy of medicine. This recent work (i) takes existing discussions in important and promising new directions, (ii) identifies areas that have not received sufficient and deserved attention to date, and/or (iii) brings together philosophy of medicine with other areas of philosophy (including bioethics, philosophy of psychiatry, and social epistemology). To this end, the next part focuses on what (...)
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  3.  16
    The Philosophy of Medicine: Development of a Discipline. [REVIEW]William E. Stempsey - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (3):243-251.
    This paper is a criticalexamination of the development of thephilosophy of medicine as a discipline. Ithighlights two major themes in the contemporarydebate about the philosophy of medicine: thescope of the discipline and the relation of thediscipline to its cognate disciplines. A broadview of the philosophy of medicine is defendedand the philosophy of medicine is seen as aphilosophical sub-discipline. These viewsdepend in important ways on three factors: ageneral metaphysical world view, particularunderstandings of the cognate (...)
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  4.  53
    Ingvar Johansson, Neils Lynøe: Medicine & Philosophy: A Twenty-First Century Introduction.James A. Marcum - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (5):395-399.
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  5.  13
    Immanuel Kant, His Philosophy and Medicine.Urban Wiesing - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (2):221-236.
    The article examines the statements made by Immanuel Kant with reference to medicine as well as the impact of his philosophy on medicine. It describes the initial reaction of Kantian philosophy on medicine in the late 18th and early 19th century and its influence in the late 20th century.
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  6.  5
    Scientific Contribution – Medicine as Task – Karl E. Rothschuh's Philosophy of Medicine.Daniela Mergenthaler - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (3):253-260.
    Karl E. Rothschuh is one of the most important,but, on an international scale, relativelyunknown representatives of German philosophy ofmedicine in the 20th century. This paperpresents and discusses his central conceptssystematically, especially those ofanthropology, theories of health and disease.Rothschuh distinguishes two methodologicalapproaches to anthropology: a causal analysisthat considers human organism as complex causalsystems, and a so-called bionomicalinvestigation that clarifies the meaning orfunction of single processes in respect to thewhole organism. These two perspectivescomplement each other. From a naturalisticpoint of view, Rothschuh (...)
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  7.  11
    Osteopathic Medicine: Philosophy, Principles, and Practice.W. Llewellyn McKone - 2001 - Blackwell Science.
    This is the first textbook on osteopathic medicine to complement the dominant 'medical' model of education.
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  8.  65
    The Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health: Steps Towards a Philosophy of Medical Practice.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2000 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Fredrik Svenaeus' book is a delight to read. Not only does he exhibit keen understanding of a wide range of topics and figures in both medicine and philosophy, but he manages to bring them together in an innovative manner that convincingly demonstrates how deeply these two significant fields can be and, in the end, must be mutually enlightening. Medicine, Svenaeus suggests, reveals deep but rarely explicit themes whose proper comprehension invites a careful phenomenological and hermeneutical explication. Certain (...)
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  9.  59
    Incurable Suffering From the “Hiatus Theoreticus”? Some Epistemological Problems in Modern Medicine and the Clinical Relevance of Philosophy of Medicine.Norbert Paul - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (3):229-251.
    Up to now neither the question, whether all theoretical medical knowledge can at least be described as scientific, nor the one how exactly access to the existing scientific and theoretical medical knowledge during clinical problem-solving is made, has been sufficiently answered. Scientific theories play an important role in controlling clinical practice and improving the quality of clinical care in modern medicine on the one hand, and making it vindicable on the other. Therefore, the vagueness of unexplicit interrelations between (...)''s stock of knowledge and medical practice appears as a gap in the theoretical concept of modern medicine which can be described as Hiatus theoreticus in the anatomy of medicine. A central intention of the paper is to analyze the role of philosophy of medicine for the clarification of the theoretical basis of medical practice. Clinical relevance and normativity in the sense of modern theory of science are suggested as criteria to establish a differentiation between philosophy of medicine as a primary medical discipline and the application of general philosophy in medicine. (shrink)
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  10. The Philosophy of Medicine Reborn: A Pellegrino Reader.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 2008 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    What the philosophy of medicine is -- Philosophy of medicine: should it be teleologically or socially construed? -- The internal morality of clinical medicine: a paradigm for the ethics of the helping and healing professions -- Humanistic basis of professional ethics -- The commodification of medical and health care: the moral consequences of a paradigm shift from a professional to a market ethic -- Medicine today: its identity, its role, and the role of physicians (...)
     
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  11.  86
    Evidence: Philosophy of Science Meets Medicine.John Worrall - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):356-362.
    Obviously medicine should be evidence-based. The issues lie in the details: what exactly counts as evidence? Do certain kinds of evidence carry more weight than others? And how exactly should medicine be based on evidence? When it comes to these details, the evidence-based medicine movement has got itself into a mess – or so it will be argued. In order to start to resolve this mess, we need to go 'back to basics'; and that means turning to (...)
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  12. Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity: Doctors and Philosophers on Nature, Soul, Health and Disease. der Eijk & J. Ph - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    This work brings together Philip van der Eijk's previously-published essays on the close connections that existed between medicine and philosophy throughout antiquity. Medical authors such as the Hippocratic writers, Diocles, Galen, Soranus and Caelius Aurelianus elaborated on philosophical methods such as causal explanation, definition and division and applied key concepts such as the notion of nature to their understanding of the human body. Similarly, philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle were highly valued for their contributions to medicine. (...)
     
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  13.  60
    Philosophy and Medicine in Ancient Greece: With an Edition of Peri Archaiēs Iētrikēs.W. H. S. Jones - 1946 - Arno Press.
    SECTION I THE PRE-HIPPOCRATICS AND PLATO So far as is known Ionian philosophy was not connected with medicine in any way. It was, in fact, a thing apart, ...
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  14. Meaning and Medicine: A Reader in the Philosophy of Health Care.James Lindemann Nelson & JHilde Lindemann Nelson (eds.) - 1999 - Routledge.
    Most available resources for teachers and students in biomedical ethics are based on a notion of medicine and of how to understand and illuminate its ethical problems that is at least two decades old. Meaning and Medicine dramatically expands the repertoire of resources for teachers and students of bioethics. In addition to providing fresh perspectives on both traditional and emerging questions in bioethics, this Reader focuses on questions in social philosophy, epistemology, and metaphysics as they are raised (...)
     
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  15.  7
    The Philosophy and Practice of Medicine and Bioethics: A Naturalistic-Humanistic Approach.Warren A. Shibles - 2010 - Springer.
    This book completes medical care by adding the comprehensive humanistic perspectives and philosophy of medicine.
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  16.  4
    Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity: Doctors and Philosophers on Nature, Soul, Health and Disease.J. van der Eijk Philip - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    This work brings together Philip van der Eijk's previously published essays on the close connections that existed between medicine and philosophy throughout antiquity. Medical authors such as the Hippocratic writers, Diocles, Galen, Soranus and Caelius Aurelianus elaborated on philosophical methods such as causal explanation, definition and division and applied key concepts such as the notion of nature to their understanding of the human body. Similarly, philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle were highly valued for their contributions to (...). This interaction was particularly striking in the study of the human soul in its relation to the body, as illustrated by approaches to specific topics such as intellect, sleep and dreams, and diet and drugs. With a detailed introduction surveying the subject as a whole and an essay on Aristotle's treatment of sleep, this wide-ranging and accessible collection is essential reading for the student of ancient philosophy and science. (shrink)
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  17.  55
    Interrogating the Learning Sciences as a Design Science: Leveraging Insights From Chinese Philosophy and Chinese Medicine.Yam San Chee - 2014 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 (1):89-103.
    Design research has been positioned as an important methodological contribution of the learning sciences. Despite the publication of a handbook on the subject, the practice of design research in education remains an eclectic collection of specific approaches implemented by different researchers and research groups. In this paper, I examine the learning sciences as a design science to identify its fundamental goals, methods, affiliations, and assumptions. I argue that inherent tensions arise when attempting to practice design research as an analytic science. (...)
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  18. Philosophy of Evidence Based Medicine (Oxford Bibliography: Http://Www.Oxfordbibliographies.Com/View/Document/Obo-9780195396577/Obo-9780195396577-0253.Xml).Jeremy Howick, Ashley Graham Kennedy & Alexander Mebius - 2015 - Oxford Bibliography.
    Since its introduction just over two decades ago, evidence-based medicine (EBM) has come to dominate medical practice, teaching, and policy. There are a growing number of textbooks, journals, and websites dedicated to EBM research, teaching, and evidence dissemination. EBM was most recently defined as a method that integrates best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values and circumstances in the treatment of patients. There have been debates throughout the early 21st century about what counts as good research evidence (...)
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  19.  51
    Introduction to "Experience in Natural Philosophy and Medicine".Alberto Vanzo - 2016 - Perspectives on Science 24 (3):255-263.
    The articles in the special issue "Experience in natural philosophy and medicine" discuss the roles and notions of experience in the works of a range of early modern authors, including Galileo Galilei, Francis Bacon, the Dutch atomist David Gorlaeus, William Harvey, and Christian Wolff. The articles extend the evidential basis on which we can rely to identify trends, changes and continuities in the roles and notions of experience in the period of the Scientific Revolution. They shed light on (...)
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  20.  2
    Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy.Darian Meacham (ed.) - 2015 - Springer Verlag.
    This volume addresses some of the most prominent questions in contemporary bioethics and philosophy of medicine: ‘liberal’ eugenics, enhancement, the normal and the pathological, the classification of mental illness, the relation between genetics, disease and the political sphere, the experience of illness and disability, and the sense of the subject of bioethical inquiry itself. All of these issues are addressed from a “continental” perspective, drawing on a rich tradition of inquiry into these questions in the fields of phenomenology, (...)
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  21. African Philosophy, Culture, and Traditional Medicine.M. Akin Makinde - 1988 - Ohio University Center for International Studies.
    For over two centuries, Western scholars have discussed African philosophy and culture, often in disparaging, condescending terms, and always from an alien European perspective. Many Africans now share this perspective, having been trained in the western, empirical tradition. Makinde argues that, particularly in view of the costs and failings of western style culture, Africans must now mold their own modern culture by blending useful western practices with valuable indigenous African elements. Specifically, Makinde demonstrates the potential for the development of (...)
     
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  22.  28
    Philosophy of Medicine.Fred Gifford (ed.) - 2011 - Elsevier.
    This volume covers a wide range of conceptual, epistemological and methodological issues in the philosophy of science raised by reflection upon medical science and practice.
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  23.  87
    Marcum, James A., An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine: Humanizing Modern Medicine.Robyn Bluhm - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (5):391-393.
  24. Philosophy and Medicine.E. K. Ledermann - 1970 - Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott.
     
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  25. Mind, Medicine and Metaphysics, the Philosophy of a Physician.William Brown - 1936 - London: Oxford University Press UK.
     
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  26. Philosophy in Medicine: Conceptual and Ethical Issues in Medicine and Psychiatry.Charles M. Culver - 1982 - Oxford University Press.
     
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  27.  10
    Not a Philosophy of Clinical Medicine: A Commentary on 'The Philosophy of Evidence‐Based Medicine' Howick, J. Ed. (2001).Mark R. Tonelli - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):1013-1017.
  28. Placebos and the Philosophy of Medicine: Clinical, Conceptual, and Ethical Issues.Howard Brody - 1980 - University of Chicago Press.
     
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  29.  5
    Caring and Curing: A Philosophy of Medicine and Social Work.R. S. Downie - 1980 - Methuen.
  30.  6
    Philosophy and Medicine in Ancient Greece.W. H. S. Jones - 1948 - Philosophical Review 57 (4):423-425.
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  31. Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine.Michael Gelfand - 1968 - London: E. & S. Livingstone.
  32. Philosophy and Medicine in Ancient Greece with an Edition of 'Peri Árchaíes Ietrikes'.W. H. S. Jones & Hippocrates - 1946 - The Johns Hopkins Press.
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  33. The Philosophy of Medicine.William R. [from old catalog] Laird - 1956 - Charleston, W. Va., Education Foundation.
     
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  34. The Law-Medicine Relation a Philosophical Exploration : Proceedings of the Eighth Trans-Disciplinary Symposium on Philosophy and Medicine, Held at Farmington, Connecticut, November 9-11, 1978. [REVIEW]Stuart F. Spicker, Joseph M. Healey & H. Tristram Engelhardt - 1981
     
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  35. The History of the Philosophy of Medicine.Louis Alvin Turley - 1935 - Norman, University of Oklahoma Press.
  36.  73
    What the Philosophy of Medicine Is.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (4):315-336.
  37.  33
    Philosophy, Ethics, Medicine and Health Care: The Urgent Need for Critical Practice.Michael Loughlin, Ross E. G. Upshur, Maya J. Goldenberg, Robyn Bluhm & Kirstin Borgerson - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):249-259.
  38.  82
    Medicine, Philosophy, and the Image of Man.E. D. Pellegrino - 1976 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1 (2):101-103.
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  39. On Evidence and Evidence-Based Medicine: Lessons From the Philosophy of Science.Maya J. Goldenberg - 2006 - Social Science and Medicine 62 (11):2621-2632.
    The evidence-based medicine (EBM) movement is touted as a new paradigm in medical education and practice, a description that carries with it an enthusiasm for science that has not been seen since logical positivism flourished (circa 1920–1950). At the same time, the term ‘‘evidence-based medicine’’ has a ring of obviousness to it, as few physicians, one suspects, would claim that they do not attempt to base their clinical decision-making on available evidence. However, the apparent obviousness of EBM can (...)
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  40.  50
    The Crisis of Medicine: Philosophy and the Social Construction of Medicine.Kevin Wm Wildes - 2001 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (1):71-86.
    : During the past decade there has been a debate about the field of philosophy of medicine. The debate has focused on fundamental questions about whether the field exists and the nature of the field. This article explores the debate and argues that it has paid insufficient attention to the social dimensions of both philosophy and medicine. The article goes on to argue that by exploring this debate one can better understand some of the difficult questions (...)
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  41.  59
    Mechanisms, Continental Approaches, Trials, and Evolutionary Medicine: New Work in the Philosophy of Medicine.Julian Reiss, Miriam Solomon & David Teira - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (1):1-4.
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  42.  20
    Philosophy of Medicine: Problematic and Potential.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1976 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1 (1):5-31.
    SummaryThe congruence between medicine and philosophy which we find in the Protagoras and the Treatise on Ancient Medicine as well as the tensions symbolized in the dialectic between Eryximachus and Diotima will always be with us. The congruence and the divergence of these ancient disciplines are both important to human well-being. By opposing one another, medicine and philosophy can each balance the other's pretension to universality. By converging, they illumine some of the most important questions (...)
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  43.  38
    Establishing the Moral Basis of Medicine: Edmund D. Pellegrino's Philosophy of Medicine.David C. Thomasma - 1990 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (3):245-267.
    Pellegrino's philosophy of medicine is explored in categories such as the motivation in constructing a philosophy of medicine, the method, the starting point of the doctor-patient relationship, negotiation about values in this relationship, the goal of the relationship, the moral basis of medicine, and additional concerns in the relationship (concerns such as gatekeeping, philosophical anthropology, axiology, philosophy of the body, and the general disjunction between science and morals). A critique of this philosophy is (...)
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  44.  56
    Fredrik Svenaeus, the Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health: Steps Towards a Philosophy of Medical Practice.F. Daniel Davis - 2000 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (4):381-384.
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  45.  36
    Tymieniecka, Anna-Teresa and Evandro Agazzi, Eds., Life: Interpretation and the Sense of Illness Within the Human Condition: Medicine and Philosophy in Dialogue.Denise M. Dudzinski - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (4):355-361.
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  46. Hermeneutics and the Philosophy of Medicine: Hans-Georg Gadamer's Platonic Metaphor.Vittorio Lingiardi & Agnese Grieco - 1999 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (5):413-422.
  47.  91
    Interdisciplinary Workshop in the Philosophy of Medicine: Minds and Bodies in Medicine.Marion Godman & Elselijn Kingma - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (3):564-571.
  48.  14
    Interdisciplinary Workshop in the Philosophy of Medicine: Death.Stefan J. Wagner, Elselijn Kingma & M. M. McCabe - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1072–1078.
  49. Evaluation and Explanation in the Biomedical Sciences: Proceedings of the First Trans-Disciplinary Symposium on Philosophy and Medicine, Held at Galveston, May 9-11, 1974. [REVIEW]H. Tristram Engelhardt & Stuart F. Spicker (eds.) - 1975 - D. Reidel Pub. Co..
     
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  50.  5
    A Trifocal Perspective on Medicine as a Moral Enterprise: Towards an Authentic Philosophy of Medicine.Gerald M. Ssebunnya - 2015 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 40 (1):8-25.
    The fundamental claim that the practice of medicine is essentially a moral enterprise remains highly contentious, not least among the dominant traditional moral theories. The medical profession itself is today characterized by multicultural pluralism and moral relativism that have left the Hippocratic moral tradition largely in disarray. In this paper, I attempt to clarify the ambiguity about practicing medicine as a moral enterprise and echo Pellegrino’s call for a phenomenologically and teleologically derived philosophy of medicine. I (...)
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