Results for 'Medicine Philosophy'

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  1.  26
    Medicine, Philosophy, and Theology: Christian Bioethics Reconsidered.H. T. Engelhardt - 2002 - Christian Bioethics 8 (2):105-117.
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  2. Evidence: Philosophy of Science Meets Medicine.John Worrall - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):356-362.
    Obviously medicine should be evidence-based. The issues lie in the details: what exactly counts as evidence? Do certain kinds of evidence carry more weight than others? And how exactly should medicine be based on evidence? When it comes to these details, the evidence-based medicine movement has got itself into a mess – or so it will be argued. In order to start to resolve this mess, we need to go 'back to basics'; and that means turning to (...)
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  3.  97
    Medicine, Philosophy, and the Image of Man.E. D. Pellegrino - 1976 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1 (2):101-103.
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  4. Medicine, Philosophy Of.Kenneth F. Schaffner & H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr - 1998 - In Craig Edward (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 264-269.
     
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  5. Greek Rational Medicine. Philosophy and Medicine From Alcmaeon to the Alexandrians.James Longrigg & Danielle Gourevitch - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (3):493.
  6.  78
    The Crisis of Medicine: Philosophy and the Social Construction of Medicine.Kevin Wm Wildes - 2001 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (1):71-86.
    : During the past decade there has been a debate about the field of philosophy of medicine. The debate has focused on fundamental questions about whether the field exists and the nature of the field. This article explores the debate and argues that it has paid insufficient attention to the social dimensions of both philosophy and medicine. The article goes on to argue that by exploring this debate one can better understand some of the difficult questions (...)
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  7.  89
    The Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health: Steps Towards a Philosophy of Medical Practice.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2000 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Fredrik Svenaeus' book is a delight to read. Not only does he exhibit keen understanding of a wide range of topics and figures in both medicine and philosophy, but he manages to bring them together in an innovative manner that convincingly demonstrates how deeply these two significant fields can be and, in the end, must be mutually enlightening. Medicine, Svenaeus suggests, reveals deep but rarely explicit themes whose proper comprehension invites a careful phenomenological and hermeneutical explication. Certain (...)
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  8.  18
    Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity: Doctors and Philosophers on Nature, Soul, Health and Disease.Philip J. van der Eijk - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    This work brings together Philip van der Eijk's previously published essays on the close connections that existed between medicine and philosophy throughout antiquity. Medical authors such as the Hippocratic writers, Diocles, Galen, Soranus and Caelius Aurelianus elaborated on philosophical methods such as causal explanation, definition and division and applied key concepts such as the notion of nature to their understanding of the human body. Similarly, philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle were highly valued for their contributions to (...). This interaction was particularly striking in the study of the human soul in its relation to the body, as illustrated by approaches to specific topics such as intellect, sleep and dreams, and diet and drugs. With a detailed introduction surveying the subject as a whole and an essay on Aristotle's treatment of sleep, this wide-ranging and accessible collection is essential reading for the student of ancient philosophy and science. (shrink)
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  9.  17
    Osteopathic Medicine: Philosophy, Principles, and Practice.W. Llewellyn McKone - 2001 - Blackwell Science.
    This is the first textbook on osteopathic medicine to complement the dominant 'medical' model of education.
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  10. The Philosophy of Evidence-Based Medicine.Jeremy Howick - 2011 - Wiley-Blackwell, Bmj Books.
    The philosophy of evidence-based medicine -- What is EBM? -- What is good evidence for a clinical decision? -- Ruling out plausible rival hypotheses and confounding factors : a method -- Resolving the paradox of effectiveness : when do observational studies offer the same degree of evidential support as randomized trials? -- Questioning double blinding as a universal methodological virtue of clinical trials : resolving the Philip's paradox -- Placebo controls : problematic and misleading baseline measures of effectiveness (...)
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  11.  3
    Book Review. Medicine, Philosophy and Religion in Ancient China: Researches and Reflections by Nathan Sivin. [REVIEW]Mary Tiles - 2000 - Philosophy East and West 50 (2):308-309.
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  12. Respect for Life in Medicine, Philosophy, and the Law.Owsei Temkin, William K. Frankena & Sanford H. Kadish - 1977
     
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  13. Philosophy of Medicine an Introduction.Henrik R. Wulff, Stig Andur Pedersen & Raben Rosenberg - 1986
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  14.  51
    Medicine & Philosophy. A Twenty‐First Century Introduction – By Ingvar Johansson and Niels Lynøe.Pierdaniele Giaretta - 2009 - Dialectica 63 (1):89-94.
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  15. Philosophy of Medicine as the Source for Medical Ethics.David C. Thomasma & Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1981 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (1):5-11.
    The article offers an approach to inquiry about, the foundation of medical ethics by addressing three areas of conceptual presupposition basic to medical ethical theory. First, medical ethics must presuppose a view about the nature of medicine. it is argued that the view required by a cogent medical morality entails that medicine be seen both as a healing relationship and as a practical art. Three ways in which medicine inherently involves values and valuation are presented as important, (...)
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  16.  20
    Philosophy and Medicine in Ancient Greece.W. H. S. Jones - 1948 - Philosophical Review 57 (4):423-425.
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  17.  64
    How Philosophy of Medicine has Changed Medical Ethics.Robert Veatch - 2006 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (6):585 – 600.
    The celebration of thirty years of publication of The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy provides an opportunity to reflect on how medical ethics has evolved over that period. The reshaping of the field has occurred in no small part because of the impact of branches of philosophy other than ethics. These have included influences from Kantian theory of respect for persons, personal identity theory, philosophy of biology, linguistic analysis of the concepts of health and disease, personhood (...)
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  18. The Philosophy of Medicine Reborn: A Pellegrino Reader.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 2008 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    What the philosophy of medicine is -- Philosophy of medicine: should it be teleologically or socially construed? -- The internal morality of clinical medicine: a paradigm for the ethics of the helping and healing professions -- Humanistic basis of professional ethics -- The commodification of medical and health care: the moral consequences of a paradigm shift from a professional to a market ethic -- Medicine today: its identity, its role, and the role of physicians (...)
     
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  19. Philosophy in Medicine: Conceptual and Ethical Issues in Medicine and Psychiatry.Charles M. Culver - 1982 - Oxford University Press.
     
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  20.  13
    Philosophy of Too Much Medicine Conference Report.Susanne Uusitalo & Jeremy Howick - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (5):1011-1012.
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  21.  15
    Philosophy of Medicine as the Source for Medical Ethics.David C. Thomasma & Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1981 - Metamedicine 2 (1):5-11.
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  22.  10
    Borrowed Philosophy: Bedside Physicalism and the Need for a Sui Generis Metaphysic of Medicine.Shawn D. Whatley - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):961-964.
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  23.  20
    Philosophy of Medicine and Health Care: European Perspectives. [REVIEW]Henk A. M. J. ten Have - 1998 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (1):1-3.
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  24.  19
    Where Medicine Went Wrong: Rediscovering the Path to Complexity.Bruce J. West - 2007 - World Scientific.
    Where Medicine Went Wrong explores how the idea of an average value has been misapplied to medical phenomena, distorted understanding and lead to flawed medical ...
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  25.  10
    Confessions of a Medicine Man: An Essay in Popular Philosophy.Alfred I. Tauber - 2000 - Bradford.
    This book probes the ethical structure of contemporary medicine in an argument accessible to lay readers, healthcare professionals, and ethicists alike.
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  26.  51
    Not a Philosophy of Clinical Medicine: A Commentary on 'The Philosophy of Evidence‐Based Medicine' Howick, J. Ed. (2001).Mark R. Tonelli - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):1013-1017.
  27.  30
    Philosophy of Medicine is What Philosophers of Medicine Do.William E. Stempsey - 2008 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 51 (3):379-391.
  28.  36
    Interdisciplinary Workshop in the Philosophy of Medicine: Death.Stefan J. Wagner, Elselijn Kingma & Mary Margaret McCabe - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1072–1078.
  29. Philosophy of Medicine.Alex Broadbent - 2019 - Oup Usa.
    Philosophy of Medicine provides a fresh and comprehensive treatment of the topic. It offers a novel theory of the nature of medicine, and proposes a new attitude to medicine, aimed at improving the quality of debates between medical traditions and facilitating medicine's decolonization.
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  30.  1
    Greek Rational Medicine: Philosophy and Medicine From Alcmaeon to the Alexandrians. [REVIEW]R. J. Hankinson - 1996 - Ancient Philosophy 16 (1):259-262.
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  31.  13
    Medicine in Danger?: Response To: ‘On Heidegger, Medicine, and the Modernity of Modern Medical Technology’ by Iain Brassington, Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy November 2006 Epub Ahead of Print.Gerben Meynen & Jacco H. P. Verburgt - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (4):477-478.
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  32.  16
    La Mettrie: Medicine, Philosophy, and Enlightenment. Kathleen Wellman.Paul Lawrence Farber - 1993 - Isis 84 (3):585-585.
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  33.  78
    Technology in Medicine: Ontology, Epistemology, Ethics and Social Philosophy at the Crossroads.Rein Vos & Dick L. Willems - 2000 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (1):1-7.
    In reference to the different approaches in philosophy(of medicine) of the nature of (medical) technology,this article introduces the topic of this specialissue of Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, that is,the way the different forms of medical technologyfunction in everyday medical practice. The authorselaborate on the active role technology plays inshaping our views on disease, illness, and the body,whence in shaping our world.
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  34.  23
    Edmund Pellegrino's Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine: An Overview.Daniel P. Sulmasy - 2014 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 24 (2):105-112.
    Pellegrino was there at the beginning of the field. In the 1950s and 60s, before there was a Kennedy Institute of Ethics or a Hastings Center; before the word ‘bioethics’ itself was coined, Pellegrino was writing articles such as "Ethical Considerations in the Practice of Medicine and Nursing," published in 1964. He was among those who started the Society for Health and Human Values—a precursor organization to the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. He was the founding editor of (...)
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  35. Philosophy, Ethics, Medicine and Health Care: The Urgent Need for Critical Practice.Michael Loughlin, Ross E. G. Upshur, Maya J. Goldenberg, Robyn Bluhm & Kirstin Borgerson - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):249-259.
  36.  45
    Philosophy of Medicine.Fred Gifford (ed.) - 2011 - Elsevier.
    This volume covers a wide range of conceptual, epistemological and methodological issues in the philosophy of science raised by reflection upon medical science and practice.
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  37.  18
    Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy.Darian Meacham (ed.) - 2015 - Springer Verlag.
    This volume addresses some of the most prominent questions in contemporary bioethics and philosophy of medicine: ‘liberal’ eugenics, enhancement, the normal and the pathological, the classification of mental illness, the relation between genetics, disease and the political sphere, the experience of illness and disability, and the sense of the subject of bioethical inquiry itself. All of these issues are addressed from a “continental” perspective, drawing on a rich tradition of inquiry into these questions in the fields of phenomenology, (...)
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  38.  24
    Advancing the Philosophy of Medicine: Towards New Topics and Sources.Thaddeus Metz & Chadwin Harris - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (3):281-288.
    The first part of a symposium devoted to Alex Broadbent's essay titled ‘Prediction, Understanding and Medicine’, this article notes the under-development of a variety of issues in the philosophy of medicine that transcend bioethics and the long-standing debates about the nature of health/illness and of evidence-based medicine. It also indicates the importance of drawing on non-Western, and particularly African, traditions in addressing these largely metaphysical and epistemological matters.
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  39.  34
    Immanuel Kant, His Philosophy and Medicine.Urban Wiesing - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (2):221-236.
    The article examines the statements made by Immanuel Kant with reference to medicine as well as the impact of his philosophy on medicine. It describes the initial reaction of Kantian philosophy on medicine in the late 18th and early 19th century and its influence in the late 20th century.
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  40.  27
    Philosophy of Medicine: Problematic and Potential.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1976 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1 (1):5-31.
    SummaryThe congruence between medicine and philosophy which we find in the Protagoras and the Treatise on Ancient Medicine as well as the tensions symbolized in the dialectic between Eryximachus and Diotima will always be with us. The congruence and the divergence of these ancient disciplines are both important to human well-being. By opposing one another, medicine and philosophy can each balance the other's pretension to universality. By converging, they illumine some of the most important questions (...)
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  41. German Philosophy and the Rise of Modern Clinical Medicine.Nelly Tsouyopoulos - 1984 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (3):345-357.
     
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  42. Philosophy, Medicine and Health Care – Where We Have Come From and Where We Are Going.Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Jonathan Fuller, Stephen Buetow, Ross E. G. Upshur, Kirstin Borgerson, Maya J. Goldenberg & Elselijn Kingma - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):902-907.
  43. Placebos and the Philosophy of Medicine: Clinical, Conceptual, and Ethical Issues.Howard Brody - 1980 - University of Chicago Press.
     
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  44. Corroborating Evidence‐Based Medicine.Alexander Mebius - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):915-920.
    Proponents of evidence-based medicine have argued convincingly for applying this scientific method to medicine. However, the current methodological framework of the EBM movement has recently been called into question, especially in epidemiology and the philosophy of science. The debate has focused on whether the methodology of randomized controlled trials provides the best evidence available. This paper attempts to shift the focus of the debate by arguing that clinical reasoning involves a patchwork of evidential approaches and that the (...)
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  45.  54
    Psychosomatic Medicine and the Philosophy of Life.Michael A. Schwartz & Osborne P. Wiggins - 2010 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 5:1-5.
    Basing ourselves on the writings of Hans Jonas, we offer to psychosomatic medicine a philosophy of life that surmounts the mind-body dualism which has plagued Western thought since the origins of modern science in seventeenth century Europe. Any present-day account of reality must draw upon everything we know about the living and the non-living. Since we are living beings ourselves, we know what it means to be alive from our own first-hand experience. Therefore, our philosophy of life, (...)
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  46.  50
    Evolutionary Medicine at Twenty: Rethinking Adaptationism and Disease. [REVIEW]Sean A. Valles - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (2):241-261.
    Two decades ago, the eminent evolutionary biologist George C. Williams and his physician coauthor, Randolph Nesse, formulated the evolutionary medicine research program. Williams and Nesse explicitly made adaptationism a core component of the new program, which has served to undermine the program ever since, distorting its practitioners’ perceptions of evidentiary burdens and in extreme cases has served to warp practitioner’s understandings of the relationship between evolutionary benefits/detriments and medical ones. I show that the Williams and Nesse program more particularly (...)
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  47. African Philosophy, Culture, and Traditional Medicine.M. Akin Makinde - 1988 - Ohio University Center for International Studies.
    For over two centuries, Western scholars have discussed African philosophy and culture, often in disparaging, condescending terms, and always from an alien European perspective. Many Africans now share this perspective, having been trained in the western, empirical tradition. Makinde argues that, particularly in view of the costs and failings of western style culture, Africans must now mold their own modern culture by blending useful western practices with valuable indigenous African elements. Specifically, Makinde demonstrates the potential for the development of (...)
     
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  48. Philosophy and Medicine.E. K. Ledermann - 1970 - Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott.
     
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  49. Philosophy of Medicine: Should It Be Teleologically or Socially Constructed?Edmund D. Pellegrino - 2001 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (2):169-180.
  50.  28
    The Philosophy of Medicine: Development of a Discipline. [REVIEW]William E. Stempsey - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (3):243-251.
    This paper is a criticalexamination of the development of thephilosophy of medicine as a discipline. Ithighlights two major themes in the contemporarydebate about the philosophy of medicine: thescope of the discipline and the relation of thediscipline to its cognate disciplines. A broadview of the philosophy of medicine is defendedand the philosophy of medicine is seen as aphilosophical sub-discipline. These viewsdepend in important ways on three factors: ageneral metaphysical world view, particularunderstandings of the cognate (...)
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