Results for 'Simo Tolvanen'

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  1. Is It Wrong to Deliberately Conceive or Give Birth to a Child with Mental Retardation?Simo Vehmas - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (1):47 – 63.
    This paper discusses the issues of deciding to have a child with mental retardation, and of terminating a pregnancy when the future child is known to have the same disability. I discuss these problems by criticizing a utilitarian argument, namely, that one should act in a way that results in less suffering and less limited opportunity in the world. My argument is that future parents ought to assume a strong responsibility towards the well-being of their prospective children when they decide (...)
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  2.  72
    Just Ignore It? Parents and Genetic Information.Simo Vehmas - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (5):473-484.
    This paper discusses whether prospectiveparents ought to find out about their geneticconstitution for reproductive reasons. It isargued that ignoring genetic information can bein line with responsible parenthood or perhapseven recommendable. This is because parenthoodis essentially an unconditional project inwhich parents ought to commit themselves tonurturing any kind of child. Besides, thetraditional reasons offered for theunfortunateness of impairments and the tragicfate of families with disabled children are notconvincing. Other morally problematic outcomesof genetics, such as discrimination againstindividuals with impairments, and limiting freeparental (...)
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  3.  48
    Disability, Harm, and the Origins of Limited Opportunities.Simo Vehmas & Tom Shakespeare - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (1):41-47.
  4.  61
    Emotions in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy.Simo Knuuttila - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Emotions are the focus of intense debate both in contemporary philosophy and psychology, and increasingly also in the history of ideas. Simo Knuuttila presents a comprehensive survey of philosophical theories of emotion from Plato to Renaissance times, combining rigorous philosophical analysis with careful historical reconstruction. The first part of the book covers the conceptions of Plato and Aristotle and later ancient views from Stoicism to Neoplatonism and, in addition, their reception and transformation by early Christian thinkers from Clement and (...)
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  5. Parental Responsibility and the Morality of Selective Abortion.Simo Vehmas - 2002 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5 (4):463-484.
    It is now a common opinion in Western countries that a child's impairment would probably place an unexpected burden on her parents, a burden that the parents have not committed themselves to dealing with. Therefore, selective abortion is in general a morally justified option for the parents. I argue that this view is based on biased information about the quality of life of individuals with impairments and their families. Also, a conscious decision to procreate should bring about conscious assent to (...)
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  6.  16
    Trust, Business Ethics and Crime Prevention – Corporate Criminal Liability in Finland.Matti Tolvanen - 2009 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 115 (1):335-358.
    According to the Finnish Penal Code a corporation may be sentenced to a corporate fine if a person who is part of its statutory organ or other management or who exercises actual decision-making authority therein 1) has been an accomplice in an offence or allowed the commission of the offence, or 2) if the care and diligence necessary for the prevention of the offence has not been observed in the operations of the corporation. Criminal liability of legal persons is based (...)
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  7. Modalities in Medieval Philosophy.Simo Knuuttila - 1993 - In . Routledge.
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  8.  42
    Modalities in Medieval Philosophy.Simo Knuutila - 1994 - Routledge.
  9.  6
    Emotions in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. [REVIEW]Simo Knuuttila - 2007 - Speculum 82 (1):203-204.
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  10.  12
    Emotions in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy.Simo Knuuttila - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (222):132-133.
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  11. Modal Logic.Simo Knuuttila - 1982 - In Norman Kretzmann, Anthony Kenny & Jan Pinborg (eds.), Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 342--357.
  12.  78
    Neural Synchrony and Dynamic Connectivity.Simo Vanni - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (2):159-163.
  13. Duns Scotus and the Foundations of Logical Modalities.Simo Knuuttila - 1996 - In Ludger Honnefelder, Rega Wood & Mechthild Dreyer (eds.), John Duns Scotus: Metaphysics and Ethics. E.J. Brill. pp. 127--145.
     
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  14.  22
    Live and Let Die? Disability in Bioethics.Simo Vehmas - 2003 - New Review of Bioethics 1 (1):145-157.
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  15.  64
    Change and Contradiction: A Fourteenth-Century Controversy.Simo Knuuttila & Anja Inkeri Lehtinen - 1979 - Synthese 40 (1):189 - 207.
  16.  3
    ‘The Golden Chain of Pious Rabbis’: The Origin and Development of Finnish Jewish Orthodoxy.Simo Muir & Riikka Tuori - 2019 - Nordisk judaistik/Scandinavian Jewish Studies 30 (1):8-34.
    This article provides the first historiographical analysis of the origins of Jewish Orthodoxy in Helsinki and describes the development of the rabbinate from the establishment of the congregation in the late 1850s up to the early 1980s. The origins of the Finnish Jewish community lies in the nineteenth-century Russian army. The majority of Jewish soldiers in Helsinki originated from the realm of Lithuanian Jewish culture, that is, mainly non-Hasidic Jewish Orthodoxy that emerged in the late eighteenth century. Initially, the Finnish (...)
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  17. Modern Modalities: Studies of the History of Modal Theories From Medieval Nominalism to Logical Positivism.Simo Knuuttila (ed.) - 1988 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
     
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  18. Medieval Commentators on Future Contingents in De Interpretatione 9.Simo Knuuttila - 2010 - Vivarium 48 (1):75-95.
    This article considers three medieval approaches to the problem of future contingent propositions in chapter 9 of Aristotle's _De interpretatione_. While Boethius assumed that God's atemporal knowledge infallibly pertains to historical events, he was inclined to believe that Aristotle correctly taught that future contingent propositions are not antecedently true or false, even though they may be characterized as true-or-false. Aquinas also tried to combine the allegedly Aristotelian view of the disjunctive truth-value of future contingent propositions with the conception of all (...)
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  19.  10
    The Emergence of Deontic Logic in the Fourteenth Century.Simo Knuuttila - 1981 - In Risto Hilpinen (ed.), New Studies in Deontic Logic. pp. 225--248.
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  20.  83
    Climate Change, No‐Harm Principle, and Moral Responsibility of Individual Emitters.Simo Kyllönen - 2016 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 35 (4):737-758.
    The article defends the no-harm principle as an intuitively plausible and a common-sense way to justify individual emitters’ duties to take more radical steps in the fight against climate change. The appearance of climate change as requiring large-scale collective action should not lead us astray with respect to the fundamental moral nature of the problem: individual emitters who knowingly sustain and foster the carbon intensive ways of acting also bear personal moral responsibility for the foreseeable climate-related harm and acquire in (...)
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  21. The Logic of Being.Simo Knuuttila & Jaakko Hintikka - 1989 - Studia Logica 48 (1):133-133.
  22.  37
    Time and Creation in Augustine.Simo Knuuttila - 2001 - In Eleonore Stump & Norman Kretzmann (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Augustine. Cambridge University Press. pp. 103--15.
  23.  52
    Dimensions of Disability.Simo Vehmas - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (1):34-40.
    This article attempts to clarify the concept of disability by explaining the ways in which it has been applied, and defined, by both philosophers and disability scholars. Conceptual approaches to disability can be divided into two main categories: the individualistic and the social approaches. In the individualistic framework, disability is seen as an individual condition that results in a disadvantaged position regarding civic, economic, and personal flourishing. This is the dominant view of disability in bioethics. According to the social approaches, (...)
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  24. Levels, Emergence, and Three Versions of Downward Causation.Claus Emmeche, Simo Koppe & Frederick Stjernfelt - 2000 - In P.B. Andersen, Claus Emmeche, N.O. Finnemann & P.V. Christiansen (eds.), Downward Causation. Aarhus, Denmark: University of Aarhus Press. pp. 322-348.
    The idea of a higher level phenomenon having a downward causal influence on a lower level process or entity has taken a variety of forms. In order to discuss the relation between emergence and downward causation, the specific variety of the thesis of downward causation (DC) must be identified. Based on some ontological theses about inter-level relations, types of causation and the possibility of reduction, three versions of DC are distinguished. Of these, the `Strong' form of DC is held to (...)
     
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  25. Explaining Emergence: Toward an Ontology of Levels. [REVIEW]Claus Emmeche, Simo Koppe & Frederick Stjernfelt - 1997 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 28 (1):83-119.
    University of Copenhagen University of Copenhagen University of Copenhagen Blegdamsvej 17 Njalsgade 80 Njalsgade 80 DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø DK 2300 Copenhagen S DK-2300 Copenhagen S Denmark.
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  26.  16
    Aristotle's Theory of Perception and Medieval Aristotelianism.Simo Knuuttila - 2008 - In Kärkkäinen Knuuttila (ed.), Theories of Perception in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy. pp. 1--22.
  27.  92
    A Moorean Argument for the Full Moral Status of Those with Profound Intellectual Disability.Benjamin Curtis & Simo Vehmas - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (1):41-45.
    This paper is about the moral status of those human beings with profound intellectual disabilities (PIDs). We hold the common sense view that they have equal status to ‘normal’ human beings, and a higher status than any non-human animal. We start with an admission, however: we don’t know how to give a fully satisfying theoretical account of the grounds of moral status that explains this view. And in fact, not only do we not know how to give such an account, (...)
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  28.  65
    Conditional Will and Conditional Norms in Medieval Thought.Simo Knuuttila & Taina Holopainen - 1993 - Synthese 96 (1):115 - 132.
  29.  10
    Testing the Effect of the Epidemiologic Paradox: Birth Weight of Newborns of Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Mothers in the Region of Valencia, Spain.Carles Simó & Salvador Méndez - 2013 - Journal of Biosocial Science 46 (5):1-16.
  30.  69
    Theories of Perception in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy.Simo Knuuttila & Pekka Kärkkäinen (eds.) - 2008 - Springer.
    In recent years, the rich tradition of various philosophical theories of perception has been increasingly studied by scholars of the history of philosophy of ...
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  31.  11
    Trinitarian Logic.Simo Knuuttila - 2010 - In H. Lagerlund (ed.), Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy. Springer. pp. 1335--1337.
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  32. Fiction, Make-Believe and Quasi Emotions.Simo Säätelä - 1994 - British Journal of Aesthetics 34 (1):25-34.
  33.  23
    Disability as a Test of Justice in a Globalising World.Matti Häyry & Simo Vehmas - 2015 - Journal of Global Ethics 11 (1):90-98.
    This paper shows how most modern theories of justice could require or at least condone international aid aimed at alleviating the ill effects of disability. Seen from the general viewpoint of liberal egalitarianism, this is moderately encouraging, since according to the creed people in bad positions should be aided, and disability tends to put people in such positions. The actual responses of many theories, including John Rawls's famous view of justice, remain, however, unclear. Communitarian, liberal egalitarian, and luck egalitarian thinkers (...)
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  34.  19
    Medieval Theories of the Passions of the Soul.Simo Knuuttila - 2002 - In Henrik Lagerlund & Mikko Yrjonsuri (eds.), Emotions and Choice From Boethius to Descartes. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 49--83.
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  35. Wittgenstein: The Philosopher and His Works.Alois Pichler & Simo Säätelä (eds.) - 2006 - Ontos.
  36. Aquinas’s Moral Theory: Essays in Honor of Norman Kretzmann. [REVIEW]Simo Knuuttila - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (4):596-599.
    The editors comment that the core of this book is formed by the papers presented as a special session at the Ninth International Congress of Medieval Philosophy, honoring Norman Kretzmann’s contribution to the study of medieval philosophy. They decided to publish these papers with other essays devoted to issues in Aquinas’s moral theory specially commissioned from a group of Kretzmann’s colleagues, friends, and former students. The book, consisting of ten essays and a list of Kretzmann’s publications on Aquinas, is dedicated (...)
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  37. Assent and Selective Abortion: A Response to Rhodes and Häyry.Simo Vehmas - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (4):433-40.
     
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  38. Profound Intellectual Disability and the Bestowment View of Moral Status.Simo Vehmas & Benjamin Curtis - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (3):505-516.
    This article engages with debates concerning the moral worth of human beings with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMDs). Some argue that those with such disabilities are morally less valuable than so-called normal human beings, whereas others argue that all human beings have equal moral value and so each group of humans ought to be treated with equal concern. We will argue in favor of a reconciliatory view that takes points from opposing camps in the debates about the moral worth (...)
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  39.  40
    Response to “Abortion and Assent” by Rosamond Rhodes (CQ Vol 8, No 4) and “Abortion, Disability, Assent, and Consent” by Matti Häyry (CQ Vol 10, No 1). [REVIEW]Simo Vehmas - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (4):433-440.
    It is now a widely shared opinion in the Western countries that a child's disability would probably place an unexpected burden on her parents, a burden that the parents have not committed themselves to dealing with. A child with a physical or mental disability is not, so to speak, a part of the package the parents ordered. This line of reasoning has recently been supported by Rosamond Rhodes in her article.
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  40. The Who or What of Steve: Severe Cognitive Impairment and its Implications.Simo Vehmas - 2010 - In Matti Häyry (ed.), Arguments and Analysis in Bioethics. Rodopi.
     
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  41. Rosenkrantz's Bayesian Solution to Goodman's Problem.Simo Vihjanen - 1993 - In Risto Hilpinen, Olli Koistinen & Juha Räikkä (eds.), Good Reason: Essays Dedicated to Risto Hilpinen. Turun Yliopisto. pp. 200--23.
     
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  42.  6
    'Perhaps the most important thing in connection with aesthetics“wittgenstein on ”aesthetic reactions“.Simo Säätelä - 2002 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 1:49-72.
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  43.  16
    Balancing Between Effective Realisation of Criminal Liability and Effective Defence Rights: The Tasks and the Roles of Prosecutor and Defence Lawyer in Finnish Criminal Procedure.Henna Kosonen & Matti Tolvanen - 2010 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 120 (2):233-256.
    Prior to the extensive reform of the Finnish criminal procedure in 1997, the roles of the prosecutor and the defence attorney were passive compared to the role of the judge. The main task of the prosecutor was to read the written indictment and to help the judge to find the truth. The judge could procure evidence ex officio, although it may have been detrimental to the suspect. The roles of the judge, the attorneys and the prosecutor changed dramatically when the (...)
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  44.  5
    Self-Evaluated Ethical Competence of a Practicing Physiotherapist: A National Study in Finland.Helena Leino-Kilpi, Anna Tolvanen, Pauli Puukka, Riitta Suhonen & Kati Kulju - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundPatients have the right to equal, respectful treatment. Nowadays, one third of patient complaints concern health care staff’s behavior towards patients. Ethically safe care requires ethical competence, which has been addressed as a core competence in physiotherapy. It has been defined in terms of character strength, ethical awareness, moral judgment skills in decision-making, and willingness to do good. The purpose of this study was to analyze the ethical competence of practicing physiotherapists.MethodA self-evaluation instrument based on an analysis of a concept (...)
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  45.  7
    Letters From Assyrian and Babylonian Scholars.R. M. Jas & Simo Parpola - 1998 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 118 (3):447.
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  46.  13
    Brain Responses to Letters and Speech Sounds and Their Correlations With Cognitive Skills Related to Reading in Children.Weiyong Xu, Orsolya B. Kolozsvari, Simo P. Monto & Jarmo A. Hämäläinen - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  47.  56
    Moral Worth and Severe Intellectual Disability – A Hybrid View.Benjamin L. Curtis & Simo Vehmas - 2013 - In Jerome E. Bickenbach, Franziska Felder & Barbara Schmitz (eds.), Disability and the Good Human Life. Cambridge University Press. pp. 19-49.
    Consider: You can save either a human or a normal adult dog from a burning building (with no risk to yourself and at little cost), but not both. However, the human is a human with a severe intellectually disability (or, as we shall say, a “SID”). -/- Which one should you save? There is disagreement in the literature about which this issue. Two opposing camps exist, which we call “the intrinsic property camp ” and “the special relations camp.” Those in (...)
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  48.  16
    Alois Pichler and Simo Säätelä (Eds.): Wittgenstein: The Philosopher and His Works.Gunnar Svensson - 2006 - SATS 7 (2):173.
    Alois Pichler and Simo Säätelä (eds.): Wittgenstein: The Philosopher and his Works.
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  49.  23
    A Normative Theory of Humanistic Knowledge.Frans Gregersen & Simo Køppe - 1989 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 20 (1):40-53.
    Ausgehend von der Gegenüberstellung der Wissenschaftlichkeit der Naturwissenschaften und der Geisteswissenschaften wird argumentiert, daß Wissenschaftlichkeit nur auf der Basis einer Zusammenstellung wissenschaftstheoretischer, wissenschaftsgeschichtlicher und wissenschaftssoziologischer Kriterien definiert werden kann. Eine solche dreiteilige Definition wird skizziert, und es wird behauptet, daß dies gültig sowohl für die Naturwissenschaften als auch für die Geisteswissenschaften ist. Es folgt daraus, daß es im Prinzip keine Verschiedenheit zwischen der Wissenschaftlichkeit der einen Basiswissenschaft und der anderen gibt. Die Formulierung dreier normativer Kriterien für Wissenschaft als solche schließt (...)
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  50.  10
    The Correspondence of Sargon II, Part I: Letters From Assyria and the West.Barbara Nevling Porter, Simo Parpola & I. I. Sargon - 1990 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 110 (3):567.
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