Results for 'W. Cowling'

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  1. Vague Objects for Those Who Want Them.David W. Cowles & Michael J. White - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 63 (2):203 - 216.
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  2. Toward a Critical Hermeneutics.R. Pappas & W. Cowling - 2003 - In Lorraine Code (ed.), Feminist Interpretations of Hans-Georg Gadamer. Pennsylvania State University Press. pp. 203--230.
     
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  3. The Role of Focus, Semantic Overlap and Discourse Function in Noun-Phrase Anaphor Resolution.H. W. Cowles & A. Garnham - 2011 - In Edward Gibson & Neal J. Pearlmutter (eds.), The Processing and Acquisition of Reference. MIT Press.
    One area of language research that has received a great deal of attention, both theoretical and empirical, is the use of anaphoric expressions. Such expressions can be thought of as serving two functions: the primary function is to refer back to a referent from previous discourse, and the secondary, but no less important, function is to help provide discourse coherence and structure. Third person pronouns such as he or she are anaphoric expressions par excellence, but fuller anaphoric expressions, including demonstrative (...)
     
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  4.  2
    Ecological Research and Conservation Management in the Cape Floristic Region Between 1945 and 2015: History, Current Understanding and Future Challenges. [REVIEW]Brian W. van Wilgen, Jane Carruthers, Richard M. Cowling, Karen J. Esler, Aurelia T. Forsyth, Mirijam Gaertner, M. Timm Hoffman, Frederick J. Kruger, Guy F. Midgley, Guy Palmer, Genevieve Q. K. Pence, Domitilla C. Raimondo, David M. Richardson, Nicola J. van Wilgen & John R. U. Wilson - 2016 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 71 (3):207-303.
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  5.  28
    A Nursing Manifesto: An Emancipatory Call for Knowledge Development, Conscience, and Praxis.Paula N. Kagan, Marlaine C. Smith, W. Richard Cowling Iii & Peggy L. Chinn - 2010 - Nursing Philosophy 11 (1):67-84.
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  6.  13
    Researches Into the Physical History of Man. James Cowles Prichard, George W. Stocking, Jr.John C. Greene - 1975 - Isis 66 (1):147-148.
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  7.  9
    Researches Into the Physical History of Man by James Cowles Prichard; George W. Stocking. [REVIEW]John Greene - 1975 - Isis 66:147-148.
  8.  12
    Mill and Liberalism. [REVIEW]W. M. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (4):626-626.
    Mill's defense of the open society is interpreted as the means toward a closed one. Mill himself is treated as the apostle of cultural solidarity--hostile to Christianity and the clergy which once provided it, and a militant advocate of the Religion of Humanity. The interpretation is defended with some force, but the vehement critique of Mill's position is launched from a fideistic position so radical that its relativism undercuts not only Mill, but Cowling himself. Carelessness of organization and style (...)
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  9.  15
    Equilibrium, Trade, and Growth: Selected Papers of Lionel W. Mckenzie.Tapan Mitra & Kazuo Nishimura (eds.) - 2009 - MIT Press.
    Influential neoclassical economist Lionel McKenzie has made major contributions to postwar economic thought in the fields of equilibrium, trade, and capital accumulation. This selection of his papers traces the development of his thinking in these three crucial areas.McKenzie's early academic life took him to Duke, Princeton, Oxford, the University of Chicago, and the Cowles Commission. In 1957, he went to the University of Rochester to head the economics department there, and he remains at Rochester, now Wilson Professor Emeritus of Economics. (...)
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  10.  64
    Essays and Reviews: 1959-2002.Bernard Williams (ed.) - 2014 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Foreword Michael Wood xi 1 Plato Today, by R.H.S. Crossman, Spectator 3 2 English Philosophy since 1900, by G. J. Warnock, Philosophy 5 3 Thought and Action, by Stuart Hampshire, Encounter 8 4 The Theological Appearance of the Church of England: An External View, Prism 17 5 The Four Loves, by C. S. Lewis, Spectator 24 6 Discourse on Method, by René Descartes, translated by Arthur Wollaston, Spectator 26 7 The Individual Reason: L’esprit laïc, BBC Radio 3 talk, Listener 28 (...)
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  11.  90
    Abstract Entities.Sam Cowling - 2017 - Routledge.
    Think of a number, any number, or properties like fragility and humanity. These and other abstract entities are radically different from concrete entities like electrons and elbows. While concrete entities are located in space and time, have causes and effects, and are known through empirical means, abstract entities like meanings and possibilities are remarkably different. They seem to be immutable and imperceptible and to exist "outside" of space and time. This book provides a comprehensive critical assessment of the problems raised (...)
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  12.  98
    Theodor W. Adorno on ‘Marx and the Basic Concepts of Sociological Theory’.Theodor W. Adorno, Verena Erlenbusch-Anderson & Chris O’Kane - 2018 - Historical Materialism 26 (1):154-164.
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  13. A United Framework of Five Principles for AI in Society.Luciano Floridi & Josh Cowls - 2019 - Harvard Data Science Review 1 (1).
    Artificial Intelligence (AI) is already having a major impact on society. As a result, many organizations have launched a wide range of initiatives to establish ethical principles for the adoption of socially beneficial AI. Unfortunately, the sheer volume of proposed principles threatens to overwhelm and confuse. How might this problem of ‘principle proliferation’ be solved? In this paper, we report the results of a fine-grained analysis of several of the highest-profile sets of ethical principles for AI. We assess whether these (...)
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  14. How to design AI for social good: seven essential factors.Luciano Floridi, Josh Cowls, Thomas C. King & Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (3):1771–1796.
    The idea of artificial intelligence for social good is gaining traction within information societies in general and the AI community in particular. It has the potential to tackle social problems through the development of AI-based solutions. Yet, to date, there is only limited understanding of what makes AI socially good in theory, what counts as AI4SG in practice, and how to reproduce its initial successes in terms of policies. This article addresses this gap by identifying seven ethical factors that are (...)
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  15. AI4People—an Ethical Framework for a Good AI Society: Opportunities, Risks, Principles, and Recommendations.Luciano Floridi, Josh Cowls, Monica Beltrametti, Raja Chatila, Patrice Chazerand, Virginia Dignum, Christoph Luetge, Robert Madelin, Ugo Pagallo, Francesca Rossi, Burkhard Schafer, Peggy Valcke & Effy Vayena - 2018 - Minds and Machines 28 (4):689-707.
    This article reports the findings of AI4People, an Atomium—EISMD initiative designed to lay the foundations for a “Good AI Society”. We introduce the core opportunities and risks of AI for society; present a synthesis of five ethical principles that should undergird its development and adoption; and offer 20 concrete recommendations—to assess, to develop, to incentivise, and to support good AI—which in some cases may be undertaken directly by national or supranational policy makers, while in others may be led by other (...)
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  16. The Chinese Approach to Artificial Intelligence: An Analysis of Policy, Ethics, and Regulation.Huw Roberts, Josh Cowls, Jessica Morley, Mariarosaria Taddeo, Vincent Wang & Luciano Floridi - 2021 - AI and Society 36 (1):59–⁠77.
    In July 2017, China’s State Council released the country’s strategy for developing artificial intelligence, entitled ‘New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan’. This strategy outlined China’s aims to become the world leader in AI by 2030, to monetise AI into a trillion-yuan industry, and to emerge as the driving force in defining ethical norms and standards for AI. Several reports have analysed specific aspects of China’s AI policies or have assessed the country’s technical capabilities. Instead, in this article, we focus on (...)
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  17. Ethical Guidelines for COVID-19 Tracing Apps.Jessica Morley, Josh Cowls, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2020 - Nature 582:29–⁠31.
    Technologies to rapidly alert people when they have been in contact with someone carrying the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 are part of a strategy to bring the pandemic under control. Currently, at least 47 contact-tracing apps are available globally. They are already in use in Australia, South Korea and Singapore, for instance. And many other governments are testing or considering them. Here we set out 16 questions to assess whether — and to what extent — a contact-tracing app is ethically justifiable.
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  18. John W. Du Bois.W. B. Yeats - 1986 - In Wallace L. Chafe & Johanna Nichols (eds.), Evidentiality: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology. Ablex. pp. 313.
  19. The Ethics of Algorithms: Key Problems and Solutions.Andreas Tsamados, Nikita Aggarwal, Josh Cowls, Jessica Morley, Huw Roberts, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2021 - AI and Society.
    Research on the ethics of algorithms has grown substantially over the past decade. Alongside the exponential development and application of machine learning algorithms, new ethical problems and solutions relating to their ubiquitous use in society have been proposed. This article builds on a review of the ethics of algorithms published in 2016, 2016). The goals are to contribute to the debate on the identification and analysis of the ethical implications of algorithms, to provide an updated analysis of epistemic and normative (...)
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  20.  27
    The ethics of algorithms: key problems and solutions.Andreas Tsamados, Nikita Aggarwal, Josh Cowls, Jessica Morley, Huw Roberts, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2022 - AI and Society 37 (1):215-230.
    Research on the ethics of algorithms has grown substantially over the past decade. Alongside the exponential development and application of machine learning algorithms, new ethical problems and solutions relating to their ubiquitous use in society have been proposed. This article builds on a review of the ethics of algorithms published in 2016, 2016). The goals are to contribute to the debate on the identification and analysis of the ethical implications of algorithms, to provide an updated analysis of epistemic and normative (...)
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  21.  26
    W.D. Ross - Das Richtige und das Gute.W. D. Ross, Philipp Schwind & Bernd Goebel (eds.) - 2020 - Felix Meiner Verlag.
    Das »Richtige und das Gute« (1930), das ethische Hauptwerk W. D. Ross’, enthält eine Vielzahl wichtiger moralphilosophischer Thesen und Argumente, die bis in die Gegenwart kontrovers diskutiert werden. Im Mittelpunkt steht seine pluralistische Deontologie, der zufolge sich die richtige Handlung aus einer Abwägung der in der jeweiligen Situation relevanten und unableitbaren Prima-facie-Pflichten ergibt, von denen nur ein Teil auf die Optimierung der Handlungsfolgen bezogen ist. Diese Deontologie wurde zu einem modernen Klassiker unter den normativen ethischen Theorien. Darüber hinaus stellt Ross’ (...)
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  22. A Definition, Benchmark and Database of AI for Social Good Initiatives.Josh Cowls, Andreas Tsmadaos, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2021 - Nature Machine Intelligence 3:111–⁠115.
    Initiatives relying on artificial intelligence (AI) to deliver socially beneficial outcomes—AI for social good (AI4SG)—are on the rise. However, existing attempts to understand and foster AI4SG initiatives have so far been limited by the lack of normative analyses and a shortage of empirical evidence. In this Perspective, we address these limitations by providing a definition of AI4SG and by advocating the use of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as a benchmark for tracing the scope and spread of AI4SG. (...)
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  23. Prolegomena to a White Paper on an Ethical Framework for a Good AI Society.Josh Cowls & Luciano Floridi - manuscript
    That AI will have a major impact on society is no longer in question. Current debate turns instead on how far this impact will be positive or negative, for whom, in which ways, in which places, and on what timescale. In order to frame these questions in a more substantive way, in this prolegomena we introduce what we consider the four core opportunities for society offered by the use of AI, four associated risks which could emerge from its overuse or (...)
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  24.  43
    F. W. Bessel und die russische Wissenschaft— Anmerkungen zum Aufsatz von K. K. Lavrinovič.W. R. Dick - 1993 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 1 (1):259-262.
    The paper „F. W. Bessel and Russian science by K. K. Lavrinovich published in NTM-Schriftenreihe contains several errors coming mainly from re-translations of German names and texts from Russian into German. The correct spelling of names and original texts are given here. Beside this, some additional information from sources not mentioned by the author is presented, and the kind of relationship between Bessel and W. Struve is discussed on the basis of their correspondence.
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  25. Ideological Parsimony.Sam Cowling - 2013 - Synthese 190 (17):3889-3908.
    The theoretical virtue of parsimony values the minimizing of theoretical commitments, but theoretical commitments come in two kinds : ontological and ideological. While the ontological commitments of a theory are the entities it posits, a theory’s ideological commitments are the primitive concepts it employs. Here, I show how we can extend the distinction between quantitative and qualitative parsimony, commonly drawn regarding ontological commitments, to the domain of ideological commitments. I then argue that qualitative ideological parsimony is a theoretical virtue. My (...)
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  26. The AI Gambit — Leveraging Artificial Intelligence to Combat Climate Change: Opportunities, Challenges, and Recommendations.Josh Cowls, Andreas Tsamados, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2021 - In Vodafone Institute for Society and Communications.
    In this article we analyse the role that artificial intelligence (AI) could play, and is playing, to combat global climate change. We identify two crucial opportunities that AI offers in this domain: it can help improve and expand current understanding of climate change and it contribute to combating the climate crisis effectively. However, the development of AI also raises two sets of problems when considering climate change: the possible exacerbation of social and ethical challenges already associated with AI, and the (...)
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  27.  16
    W. F. Ryan, C. B. Schmitt : Pseudo-Aristotle, The Secret of Secrets. Sources and Influences. Pp. Vi+148. London: The Warburg Institute, 1983 . Paper, £18. [REVIEW]F. W. Zimmermann - 1984 - The Classical Review 34 (1):139-139.
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  28.  58
    W. F. Ryan, C. B. Schmitt (Edd.): Pseudo-Aristotle, The Secret of Secrets. Sources and Influences. (Warburg Institute Surveys, 9.) Pp. Vi+148. London: The Warburg Institute, 1983 (1982 on Title Page). Paper, £18. [REVIEW]F. W. Zimmermann - 1984 - The Classical Review 34 (01):139-.
  29. LEYDEN, W. Von - "Seventeenth Century Metaphysics". [REVIEW]J. W. Yolton - 1970 - Mind 79:304.
     
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  30. T. W. Orde Ward and Others, Lux Hominum. [REVIEW]W. C. Allen - 1907 - Hibbert Journal 6:452.
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  31. KÖHLER, W. -Geist Und Freiheit, Etc. [REVIEW]W. Anderson - 1915 - Mind 24:427.
     
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  32. Prioritizing Platonism.Kelly Trogdon & Sam Cowling - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (8):2029-2042.
    Discussion of atomistic and monistic theses about abstract reality.
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  33.  22
    H. W. A. van Rooijen-Dijkman. De Beata Vita: het zevende boek van de Divinae Institutiones van Lactantius. Analyse en bronnenonderzoek. Pp. 194. Assen: van Gorcum, 1967. Paper, fl. 17.90. [REVIEW]W. H. C. Frend - 1969 - The Classical Review 19 (1):105-105.
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  34.  40
    Duda W. L.. Post Canonical Language. Summaries of Talks Presented at the Summer Institute for Symbolic Logic, Cornell University, 1957, 2nd Edn., Communications Research Division, Institute for Defense Analyses, Princeton, N.J., 1960, Pp. 410–423. [REVIEW]W. E. Singletary - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (2):343-343.
  35. W.V. Quine, Immanuel Kant Lectures, translated and introduced by H.G. Callaway.H. G. Callaway & W. V. Quine (eds.) - 2003 - Frommann-Holzboog.
    This book is a translation of W.V. Quine's Kant Lectures, given as a series at Stanford University in 1980. It provide a short and useful summary of Quine's philosophy. There are four lectures altogether: I. Prolegomena: Mind and its Place in Nature; II. Endolegomena: From Ostension to Quantification; III. Endolegomena loipa: The forked animal; and IV. Epilegomena: What's It all About? The Kant Lectures have been published to date only in Italian and German translation. The present book is filled out (...)
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  36. G. W. F. Hegel, Faith and Knowledge.W. Cerf & H. S. Harris - 1980 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 13 (4):282-286.
     
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  37.  40
    H. W. A. van Rooijen-Dijkman. De Beata Vita: het zevende boek van de Divinae Institutiones van Lactantius. Analyse en bronnenonderzoek. Pp. 194. Assen: van Gorcum, 1967. Paper, fl. 17.90. [REVIEW]W. H. C. Frend - 1969 - The Classical Review 19 (01):105-.
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  38. BROWN, W. -Psychology and Psychotherapy. [REVIEW]W. Whately Smith - 1921 - Mind 30:476.
     
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  39. W. C. Van Manen, Handleiding Voor de Oudchristelijke Letterkunde. [REVIEW]W. B. Smith - 1902 - Hibbert Journal 1:193.
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  40. W. Mitchell, The Structure and Growth of the Mind. [REVIEW]W. G. Smith - 1907 - Hibbert Journal 6:218.
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  41. MCDOUGALL, W. - An Introduction to Social Psychology. [REVIEW]W. R. Sorley - 1909 - Mind 18:417.
     
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  42. FORTENBAUGH, W. W. "Aristotle on Emotion". [REVIEW]W. Charlton - 1977 - Mind 86:289.
     
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  43.  11
    W.T. Harris, Peirce, and the Charge of Nominalism.David W. Agler & Marco Stango - 2015 - Hegel Bulletin 36 (2):135-158.
    While a number of classical pragmatists crafted their philosophies in conjunction with a careful study of Hegel's works, others saw their philosophies emerge in antagonism with proponents of Hegel. In this paper, we offer an instance of the latter case. Namely, we show that the impetus for Charles S. Peirce's early articulation and avowal of realism (the claim that some generals are real) was William Torrey Harris's claim that the formal laws of logic lacked universal validity. According to Harris, the (...)
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  44. Ralph W. Tyler in Review: An Interview and Antecedent Reflections.W. H. Schubert & A. L. Schubert - 1986 - Journal of Thought 21 (1):7-14.
     
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  45.  35
    Mark W. Sullivan: Apuleian Logic. Pp. X + 265. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Co., 1967. Cloth, £4. 6s.W. E. Charlton - 1968 - The Classical Review 18 (03):352-353.
  46.  40
    Mr. W. J. Perry on “Pugnacity”.W. McDougall - 1923 - The Monist 33 (2):316-318.
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  47. W. Hinsch, Erfahrung Une Selbstbewusstsein. Zur Kategoriendeduktion Bei Kant. [REVIEW]W. Becker - 1988 - Kant-Studien 79 (3):356.
  48. The Modal View of Essence.Sam Cowling - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (2):248-266.
    According to the modal view, essence admits of reductive analysis in exclusively modal terms. Fine (1994) argues that modal view delivers an inadequate analysis of essence. This paper defends the modal view from Fine's challenge. This defense proceeds by examining the disagreement between Finean primitivists and Quinean eliminativists about essence. In order to model this disagreement, a distinction between essence and a separable concept, nature, is required. This distinction is then used to show that Fine's challenge is misdirected and therefore (...)
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  49. W. Sanday, Outlines of the Life of Christ; and W. Bousset, Jesus. [REVIEW]W. Jones Davies - 1905 - Hibbert Journal 4:933.
     
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  50. MARVIN, W. T. -The History of European Thought: An Introductory Book. [REVIEW]W. T. Marvin - 1918 - Mind 27:248.
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