Results for 'Mark D. Mathewson'

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  1.  95
    John Locke and the Problems of Moral Knowledge.Mark D. Mathewson - 2006 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):509–526.
    In this paper, I argue that John Locke's account of knowledge coupled with his commitments to moral ideas being voluntary constructions of our own minds and to divine voluntarism (moral rules are given by God according to his will) leads to a seriously flawed view of moral knowledge. After explicating Locke's view of moral knowledge, highlighting the specific problems that seem to arise from it, and suggesting some possible Lockean responses, I conclude that the best Locke can do is give (...)
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  2. Moral Intuitionism and the Challenges of Mysteriousness and Dogmatism.Mark D. Mathewson - 2003 - Dissertation, The University of Nebraska - Lincoln
    Moral philosophers have given increased attention to moral intuitionism in recent years. Despite articulations of moral intuitionism that should be taken more seriously than they have been, dissenters continue to express opposition. Among the most frequent criticisms of moral intuitionism are the Mysteriousness and Dogmatism Objections. The Mysteriousness Objection charges moral intuitionists with postulating a mysterious faculty of knowing. The Dogmatism Objection accuses moral intuitionists of relying on dogmatic assertions which are not, or cannot be, proven or adequately argued for. (...)
     
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  3.  33
    Ockhamists and Molinists in Search of a Way Out: MARK D. LINVILLE.Mark D. Linville - 1995 - Religious Studies 31 (4):501-515.
    If libertarianism is true, then there is a sense in which agents have it within their power to bring it about that some world is actual. Against recent arguments for the incompatibility of divine foreknowledge and human freedom, I offer an account of power over the past which takes this implication of libertarianism into consideration. I argue that the resulting account is available to Ockhamists and that it is immune to recent criticisms of the notion of counterfactual power over the (...)
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  4.  82
    Perceived Organizational Motives and Consumer Responses to Proactive and Reactive CSR.Mark D. Groza, Mya R. Pronschinske & Matthew Walker - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 102 (4):639-652.
    Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has emerged as an effective way for firms to create favorable attitudes among consumers. Although prior research has addressed the direct influence of proactive and reactive CSR on consumer responses, this research hypothesized that consumers’ perceived organizational motives (i.e., attributions) will mediate this relationship. It was also hypothesized that the source of information and location of CSR initiative will affect the motives consumers assign to a firms’ engagement in the initiative. Two experiments were conducted to test (...)
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  5. What Are (and What Are Not) The Existential Implications of Antidepressant Use?Mark D. Rego - 2005 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (2):119-128.
  6.  4
    Processing Determinants of Reading Speed.Mark D. Jackson & James L. McClelland - 1979 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 108 (2):151-181.
  7. Crafting Phenomenological Research.Mark D. Vagle - 2014 - Left Coast Press.
    This is an accessible, concise introduction to phenomenological research in education and social sciences. Mark Vagle outlines the key principles for conducting this research from leading contemporary practitioners, such as van Manen, Giorgi, and Dahlberg. He builds on their work by introducing his post-intentional phenomenology, which incorporates elements of post-structural thinking into traditional methods. Vagle provides readers with methodological tools to build their own phenomenological study, addressing such issues as data gathering, validity, and writing. Replete with exercises for students, (...)
     
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  8. Imagery and Consciousness: A Theoretical Review From an Individual Differences Perspective.D. F. Marks - 1977 - Journal of Mental Imagery 1:275-90.
  9.  99
    Behavioral Law and Economics : The Assault on Consent, Will, and Dignity.Mark D. White - 2010 - In Christi Favor, Gerald F. Gaus & Julian Lamont (eds.), Essays on Philosophy, Politics & Economics: Integration & Common Research Projects. Stanford Economics and Finance.
    In "Behavioral Law and Economics: The Assault on Consent, Will, and Dignity," Mark D. White uses the moral philosophy of Immanuel Kant to examine the intersection of economics, psychology, and law known as "behavioral law and economics." Scholars in this relatively new field claim that, because of various cognitive biases and failures, people often make choices that are not in their own interests. The policy implications of this are that public and private organizations, such as the state and employers, (...)
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  10.  50
    Kantian Ethics and Economics: Autonomy, Dignity, and Character.Mark D. White - 2011 - Stanford University Press.
    This book introduces the moral philosophy of Immanuel Kant—in particular, the concepts of autonomy, dignity, and character—to economic theory, explaining the importance of integrating these two streams of intellectual thought. Mainstream economics is rooted in classical utilitarianism, recommending that decision makers choose the options that are expected to generate the largest net benefits. For individuals, the standard economic model fails to incorporate the role of principles in decision-making, and also denies the possibility of true choice, which can be independent of (...)
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  11.  49
    Paradigms for Clinical Ethics Consultation Practice.Mark D. Fox, Glenn Mcgee & Arthur Caplan - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (3):308-314.
    Clinical bioethics is big business. There are now hundreds of people who bioethics in community and university hospitals, nursing homes, rehabilitation and home care settings, and some who play the role of clinical ethics consultant to transplant teams, managed care companies, and genetic testing firms. Still, there is as much speculation about what clinically active bioethicists actually do as there was ten years ago. Various commentators have pondered the need for training standards, credentials, exams, and malpractice insurance for ethicists engaged (...)
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  12.  45
    The Moral Argument.Mark D. Linville - 2009 - In William Lane Craig & J. P. Moreland (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Natural Theology. Blackwell. pp. 391--448.
  13.  13
    A Nudge Without a Wink!Mark D. Fox & Scott Gelfand - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (3):83-85.
    Volume 20, Issue 3, March 2020, Page 83-85.
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  14.  94
    Chinese Rooms and Program Portability.Mark D. Sprevak - 2007 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (4):755-776.
    I argue in this article that there is a mistake in Searle's Chinese room argument that has not received sufficient attention. The mistake stems from Searle's use of the Church-Turing thesis. Searle assumes that the Church-Turing thesis licences the assumption that the Chinese room can run any program. I argue that it does not, and that this assumption is false. A number of possible objections are considered and rejected. My conclusion is that it is consistent with Searle's argument to hold (...)
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  15.  28
    Consequences of Concern: Ethics, Social Responsibility, and Well-Being.Mark D. Promislo, Robert A. Giacalone & Jeremy Welch - 2012 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 21 (2):209-219.
    Prior research has studied the antecedents of beliefs regarding ethics and social responsibility (ESR). However, few studies have examined how individual well-being may be related to such beliefs. In this exploratory study, we assessed the relationship between perceived importance of ESR – both individually and of one's company – and indicators of physical and psychological well-being. Results demonstrated that perceived importance of ESR was associated with three aspects of well-being: exuberance for life, sleep problems, and job stress. The results are (...)
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  16.  15
    Ethical Idealism: An Inquiry Into the Nature and Function of Ideals. [REVIEW]Mark D. Stohs - 1987 - Ethics 98 (4):839-841.
  17.  8
    Consequences of Concern: Ethics, Social Responsibility, and Well-Being.Mark D. Promislo, Robert A. Giacalone & Jeremy Welch - 2012 - Business Ethics: A European Review 21 (2):209-219.
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  18.  15
    More Than “Just Don't Say No”: Taking Pediatric Decision Making Seriously.Mark D. Fox & Michael R. Gomez - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (3):12-13.
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  19.  21
    The Road Not Taken: On MacIntyre’s Human Rights Skepticism.Mark D. Retter - 2018 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 63 (2):189-219.
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  20. The Virtues of Captain America: Modern-Day Lessons on Character From a World War Ii Superhero.Mark D. White - 2014 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    The first look at the philosophy behind the _Captain America_ comics and movies, publishing in advance of the movie release of _Captain America: The Winter Solider_ in April 2014. In _The Virtues of Captain America_, philosopher and long-time comics fan Mark D. White argues that the core principles, compassion, and judgment exhibited by the 1940’s comic book character Captain America remain relevant to the modern world. Simply put, "Cap" embodies many of the classical virtues that have been important to (...)
     
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  21. Imagery and Consciousness: A Theoretical Review.D. F. Marks - 1983 - In Anees A. Sheikh (ed.), Imagery: Current Theory, Research, and Application. Wiley. pp. 96--130.
     
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  22.  9
    Just Deserts or Icing on the Cake? Addressing the Social Determinants of Health.Mark D. Fox, Michael R. Gomez & Ricky T. Munoz - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (3):42-44.
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  23.  16
    The Evolution of Rights in Liberal Theory.Mark D. Stohs - 1987 - Ethics 98 (1):175-177.
  24.  7
    Democratic Moral Education and the Gifts of the Holy Spirit.Mark D. Jordan - 2016 - Journal of Religious Ethics 44 (2):246-259.
    How far is Thomas Aquinas available for current discussions in political philosophy? While there are certainly things to be learned from him about our political preoccupations, the pedagogy of his moral teaching typically resists our familiar questions. This holds even when the question is put in terms that Thomas should recognize—say, as a question about the virtues appropriate for a democracy. Thomas not only gives different meanings to these terms, he moves political topics away from the center of theological attention (...)
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  25.  19
    Placebo Controls and Epistemic Control in Orthodox Medicine.Mark D. Sullivan - 1993 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (2):213-231.
    American orthodox medicine consolidated its professional authority in the early 20th Century on the basis of its unbiased scientific method. The centerpiece of such a method is a strategy for identifying truly effective new therapies, i.e., the randomized clinical trial (RCT). A crucial component of the RCT in illnesses without established treatment is the placebo control. Placebo effects must be identified and distinguished from pharmacological effects because placebos produce actual but unexplained therapeutic successes. The blinding necessary for a proper placebo-controlled (...)
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  26. P-Model Alternative to the T-Model.Mark D. Roberts - 2004 - Web Journal of Formal, Computational and Logical Linguistics 5:1-18.
    Standard linguistic analysis of syntax uses the T-model. This model requires the ordering: D-structure > S-structure > LF, where D-structure is the sentences deep structure, S-structure is its surface structure, and LF is its logical form. Between each of these representations there is movement which alters the order of the constituent words; movement is achieved using the principles and parameters of syntactic theory. Psychological analysis of sentence production is usually either serial or connectionist. Psychological serial models do not accommodate the (...)
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  27.  81
    The Aharonov-Bohm Effect: Still a Thought-Provoking Experiment. [REVIEW]Mark D. Semon & John R. Taylor - 1988 - Foundations of Physics 18 (7):731-740.
    In the Aharonov- Bohm effect, electromagnetic potentials alter the two-slit interference pattern formed by an electron beam. We discuss here a curious feature of this effect, namely that, even though the interference pattern changes, none of its moments are shifted.
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  28.  9
    Assessing Three Models of Materialism–Postmaterialism and Their Relationship with Well-Being: A Theoretical Extension.Mark D. Promislo, Robert A. Giacalone & John R. Deckop - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 143 (3):531-541.
    The issue of the dimensionality of materialism and postmaterialism, and their impact on key social and personal indicators, has been a hotly debated topic for decades. This study sought to achieve two goals to further our understanding of these constructs. First, it assessed whether an interactive materialism–postmaterialism conceptualization could be expanded to predict outcomes related to well-being. Second, the study extended the interactive model by using Richins’ three dimensions of materialism instead of the unidimensional construct utilized in previous studies. Results (...)
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  29.  23
    What's in a Name? Conceptual Confusion About Death and Consent in Donation After Cardiac Determination of Death.Mark D. Fox, Rachel Budavich, Scott Gelfand, Michael R. Gomez, Ric T. Munoz & Jan Slater - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (8):12-14.
  30.  24
    The Intelligibility of the World and the Divine Ideas in Aquinas.Mark D. Jordan - 1984 - Review of Metaphysics 38 (1):17 - 32.
    THERE are several answers in Aquinas to the question, what is the ground of the world's intelligibility. The fullest- answer is contained by the account of creation and expressed in the doctrine of divine Ideas. I would like to trace the lines of that doctrine in Aquinas's corpus as a means of showing how an account of creation at once clarifies and inverts the analysis of natural intelligibility.
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  31.  14
    Text Integration and Mathematical Connections: A Computer Model of Arithmetic Word Problem Solving.Mark D. LeBlanc & Sylvia Weber-Russell - 1996 - Cognitive Science 20 (3):357-407.
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  32.  61
    The Evidence of the Transcendentals and the Place of Beauty in Thomas Aquinas.Mark D. Jordan - 1989 - International Philosophical Quarterly 29 (4):393-407.
  33. Does Meaning Evolve?Mark D. Roberts - 2004 - Behavior and Philosophy 32 (2):401 - 426.
    A common method of making a theory more understandable is to compare it to another theory that has been better developed. Radical interpretation is a theory that attempts to explain how communication has meaning. Radical interpretation is treated as another time-dependent theory and compared to the time-dependent theory of biological evolution. The main reason for doing this is to find the nature of the time dependence; producing analogs between the two theories is a necessary prerequisite to this and brings up (...)
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  34.  3
    9 Theology and Philosophy.Mark D. Jordan - 1993 - In Norman Kretzmann & Eleonore Stump (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Aquinas. Cambridge University Press. pp. 232.
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  35. Unethical and Unwell: Decrements in Well-Being and Unethical Activity at Work.Robert A. Giacalone & Mark D. Promislo - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 91 (2):275-297.
    Previous research on unethical business behavior usually has focused on its impact from a financial or philosophical perspective. While such foci are important to our understanding of unethical behavior, we argue that another set of outcomes linked to individual well-being are critical as well. Using data from psychological, criminological, and epidemiological sources, we propose a model of unethical behavior and well-being. This model postulates that decrements in well-being result from stress or trauma stemming from being victimized by, engaging in, or (...)
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  36.  51
    Memory as Initial Experiencing of the Past.Mark D. Reid - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (6):671-698.
    This analysis explores theories of recollective memories and their shortcomings to show how certain recollective memories are to some extent the initial experiencing of past conscious mental states. While dedicated memory theorists over the past century show remembering to be an active and subjective process, they usually make simplistic assumptions regarding the experience that is remembered. Their treatment of experience leaves unexplored the notion that the truth of memory is a dynamic interaction between experience and recollection. The argument's seven sections (...)
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  37. Kripke’s Paradox and the Church–Turing Thesis.Mark D. Sprevak - 2008 - Synthese 160 (2):285-295.
    Kripke (1982, Wittgenstein on rules and private language. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press) presents a rule-following paradox in terms of what we meant by our past use of “plus”, but the same paradox can be applied to any other term in natural language. Many responses to the paradox concentrate on fixing determinate meaning for “plus”, or for a small class of other natural language terms. This raises a problem: how can these particular responses be generalised to the whole of natural language? (...)
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  38.  5
    Person‐Centred Shared Decision Making.Mark R. Tonelli & Mark D. Sullivan - 2019 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 25 (6):1057-1062.
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  39.  45
    Foucault's Ironies and the Important Earnestness of Theory.Mark D. Jordan - 2012 - Foucault Studies 14:7-19.
    Foucault’s History of Sexuality 1 cannot be understood without sustained attention to its ironies, which are written into every level from diction to structure. The little book does not intend to deliver a theory, queer or otherwise. It means rather to display and then to frustrate the desire for theory—especially when it comes to sexuality.
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  40.  9
    The Making of Buddhist Modernism (Review).Mark D. Wood - 2011 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 31:270-277.
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  41.  47
    Is the Internet an Emergent Public Sphere?Mark D. West - 2013 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 28 (3):155-159.
    Much has been made of the power of the Internet and related communication technologies to serve as a new public sphere in which democracy can flourish. The evidence, however, has been limited; like the telephone and the postal letter before that, the Internet has powers as a capable tool for organizing social action and protest. Otherwise, though, it seems to have been co-opted by commercial interests and to be used by the public for arguments concerning already settled opinions, a far (...)
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  42.  28
    Recognition and Honor: A Critique of Axel Honneth's and Charles Taylor's Histories of Recognition.D. Clifton Mark - 2014 - Constellations 21 (1):16-31.
  43. Name Strategy: Its Existence and Implications.Mark D. Roberts - 2005 - Int.J.Computational Cognition 3:1-14.
    It is argued that colour name strategy, object name strategy, and chunking strategy in memory are all aspects of the same general phenomena, called stereotyping, and this in turn is an example of a know-how representation. Such representations are argued to have their origin in a principle called the minimum duplication of resources. For most the subsequent discussions existence of colour name strategy suffices. It is pointed out that the BerlinA- KayA universal partial ordering of colours and the frequency of (...)
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  44.  12
    The Irrelevancy of Game-Type in the Acquisition, Development, and Maintenance of Problem Gambling.Mark D. Griffiths & Michael Auer - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  45.  19
    Should Psychiatrists Serve as Gatekeepers for Physician‐Assisted Suicide?Mark D. Sullivan, Stuart J. Youngner & Linda Ganzini - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (4):24-31.
  46.  25
    On Goodness: Human and Divine.Mark D. Linville - 1990 - American Philosophical Quarterly 27 (2):143 - 152.
  47.  20
    Moral Agency in Mammalia.Mark D. Reid - 2010 - Between the Species 13 (10):1.
    About the extent of moral agency in the animal kingdom, one view is that only humans are moral agents. Holding a different view, I argue that moral agency depends on the capacity for other-regard and the capacity to be attuned to significance—such that things matter to one. I derive a criterion where a creature is a moral agent if she performs an action that promotes others’ significant interests and brings great costs to herself where she is aware of these significant (...)
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  48.  10
    Philoponus and the Rejection of Aristotelian Science.Mark D. Jordan & Richard Sorabji - 1990 - Philosophical Review 99 (1):107.
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  49.  6
    Stewards of a Public Trust: Responsible Transplantation.Mark D. Fox - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):5 – 7.
  50.  16
    Reconciling Homo Economicus and John Dewey's Ethics.Mark D. White - 2003 - Journal of Economic Methodology 10 (2):223-243.
    This paper attempts to incorporate the ethics of John Dewey into the neoclassical model of rational choice. I show that while it may be possible to modify the preference-satisfaction model of homo economicus in order to include many aspects of Dewey's ethics, there are some issues, such as his concepts of the continuity of action, time horizons, and the social nature of the individual, that prove much more difficult to combine with the economic model of human behavior.
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