Results for 'Stephen Arves'

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  1.  11
    On Solid Ground: Evaluating the Effects of Foundational Arguments on Human Rights Attitudes.Stephen Arves & Joseph Braun - 2019 - Human Rights Review 20 (2):181-204.
    What makes some human rights campaigns for the physical integrity rights of prisoners more effective than others? Despite various normative arguments condemning these practices, only limited systematic analysis documents the relative effectiveness of different arguments on individuals. This is surprising, because the success of human rights campaigns depends on getting individuals to care about and support policy positions that protect human rights. We constructed an experiment to compare the effects of six different arguments against prisoner abuse and torture. We found (...)
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  2.  62
    I–Stephen Yablo.Stephen Yablo - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):229-261.
  3.  91
    Confusion of Tongues: A Theory of Normative Language By Stephen Finlay.Stephen Finlay - 2020 - Analysis 80 (1):99-101.
    This is a short precis of my 2014 book Confusion of Tongues: A Theory of Normative Language, accompanying my Reply to Worsnip, Dowell, and Koehn in the same volume.
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  4.  63
    Does Ontology Rest on a Mistake?: Stephen Yablo.Stephen Yablo - 1998 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 72 (1):229-262.
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  5.  31
    II—Stephen Makin: Ethics, Fixity and Flux.Stephen Makin - 2014 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 88 (1):169-183.
    This paper engages with the idea at the core of my co‐symposiast's paper ‘Ethics of Substance’ : that the Aristotelian concept of substantial being has ethical implications, and an alternative understanding of existence in terms of affecting and being affected will help us more easily to accommodate relational values, which are thought to sit uneasily within the Aristotelian framework.I focus on two questions. First, is there really is a tension between an Aristotelian metaphysics of substance and concern for others? The (...)
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  6.  38
    Stephen Winter, Transitional Justice in Established Democracies: A Political Theory: London, England: Palgrave MacMillan, 2014, 311 Pp. ISBN 978-0230285231 $105.00 Pb.Stephen Galoob - 2016 - Journal of Value Inquiry 50 (1):249-254.
    The fundamental question of political reparation is: why should a state provide redress for an injustice? The predominant answer justifies redress in terms of debts—the perpetration of an injustice creates a debt, and a state is required to make redress for the same reasons that it is required to repay its debts . Other approaches justify redress on the grounds that it will facilitate the achievement of some broader political goal, like the fair distribution of social resources or political reconciliation.In (...)
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  7. Stephen J. Field: Craftsman of the Law.Stephen J. Field & Carl Brent Swisher - 1970 - Ethics 81 (1):77-79.
     
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  8. C. Stephen Evans, Faith Beyond Reason: A Kierkegaardian Account. [REVIEW]Stephen Maitzen - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20:98-99.
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  9. C. Stephen Evans, Faith Beyond Reason: A Kierkegaardian Account. [REVIEW]Stephen Maitzen - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20 (2):98-99.
  10.  10
    Stephen Forbes, Jacob Reighard, and the Emergence of Aquatic Ecology in the Great Lakes Region.Stephen Bocking - 1990 - Journal of the History of Biology 23 (3):461-498.
  11. Hart's Methodological Positivism: Stephen R. Perry.Stephen R. Perry - 1998 - Legal Theory 4 (4):427-467.
    To understand H.L.A. Hart's general theory of law, it is helpful to distinguish between substantive and methodological legal positivism. Substantive legal positivism is the view that there is no necessary connection between morality and the content of law. Methodological legal positivism is the view that legal theory can and should offer a normatively neutral description of a particular social phenomenon, namely law. Methodological positivism holds, we might say, not that there is no necessary connection between morality and law, but rather (...)
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  12. Stephen Deutch, Photographer: From Paris to Chicago, 1932-1989.Stephen Deutch, Abigail Foerstner & Studs Terkel - 1989 - Triquarterly.
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  13. Aristotle on Modality: Stephen Makin.Stephen Makin - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):143-161.
    [Stephen Makin] Aristotle draws two sets of distinctions in Metaphysics 9.2, first between non-rational and rational capacities, and second between one way and two way capacities. He then argues for three claims: [A] if a capacity is rational, then it is a two way capacity [B] if a capacity is non-rational, then it is a one way capacity [C] a two way capacity is not indifferently related to the opposed outcomes to which it can give rise I provide explanations (...)
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  14.  10
    I–Stephen Makin.Stephen Makin - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):143-161.
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  15. Stephen J. Morse.Stephen J. Morse - 1999 - Legal Theory 5 (3):265-309.
     
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  16. Economic Equality: Rawls Versus Utilitarianism: Stephen W. Ball.Stephen W. Ball - 1986 - Economics and Philosophy 2 (2):225-244.
    Perhaps the most salient feature of Rawls's theory of justice which at once attracts supporters and repels critics is its apparent egalitarian conclusion as to how economic goods are to be distributed. Indeed, many of Rawls's sympathizers may find this result intuitively appealing, and regard it as Rawls's enduring contribution to the topic of economic justice, despite technical deficiencies in Rawls's contractarian, decision-theoretic argument for it which occupy the bulk of the critical literature. Rawls himself, having proposed a “coherence” theory (...)
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  17. An Uneasy Case Against Property Rights in Body Parts*: STEPHEN R. MUNZER.Stephen R. Munzer - 1994 - Social Philosophy and Policy 11 (2):259-286.
    This essay deals with property rights in body parts that can be exchanged in a market. The inquiry arises in the following context. With some exceptions, the laws of many countries permit only the donation, not the sale, of body parts. Yet for some years there has existed a shortage of body parts for transplantation and other medical uses. It might then appear that if more sales were legally permitted, the supply of body parts would increase, because people would have (...)
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  18.  42
    Music, Cage's Silence, and Art: An Interview with Stephen Davies, PhD.Marcella Georgi & Stephen Davies - 2022 - Stance 15:120-142.
    Stephen Davies taught philosophy at the University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. His research specialty is the philosophy of art. He is a former President of the American Society for Aesthetics. His books include Definitions of Art (Cornell UP, 1991), Musical Meaning and Expression (Cornell UP, 1994), Musical Works and Performances (Clarendon, 2001), Themes in the Philosophy of Music (OUP, 2003), Philosophical Perspectives on Art (OUP, 2007), Musical Understandings and Other Essays on the Philosophy of Music (OUP, 2011), The (...)
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  19.  21
    Stephen Frederick T. Antig II Photographs.Stephen Frederick T. Antig Ii - 2008 - Budhi: A Journal of Ideas and Culture 12 (2 & 3).
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  20.  20
    Norman M. Martin and Stephen Pollard. Closure Spaces and Logic. Mathematics and its Applications, Vol. 369. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, and London, 1996, Xvii + 230 Pp. [REVIEW]Stephen L. Bloom - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (2):685-686.
  21.  13
    Stephen M. Barr. Modern Physics and Ancient Faith. Ix + 312 Pp., Figs., Index. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 2003. $30. [REVIEW]Stephen P. Weldon - 2004 - Isis 95 (4):742-743.
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  22. Book Review: Stephen J. Pope, Human Evolution and Christian Ethics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007). Xiii + 359 Pp. £50/US$95 (Hb), ISBN 978-0-521-86340-7. [REVIEW]Stephen R. L. Clark - 2009 - Studies in Christian Ethics 22 (4):506-509.
  23. Causes as Powers: Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum: Getting Causes From Powers. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, 272pp, £35 HB. [REVIEW]Jennifer McKitrick, Anna Marmodoro, Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum - 2013 - Metascience 22 (3):545-559.
  24.  42
    Plotinus: Charms and Countercharms: Stephen R.L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 2009 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 65:215-231.
    For the last few years, thanks to the Leverhulme Trust, I've been largely absent from my department, working on the late antique philosopher Plotinus. To speak personally – it's been a difficult few years, since my youngest daughter has been afflicted with anorexia during this period, and my own bowel cancer was discovered, serendipitously, and removed, at the end of 2005. Since then I've had ample occasion to consider the importance – and the difficulty – of the practice of detachment, (...)
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  25.  23
    Capitalism, Citizenship and Community*: Stephen Macedo.Stephen Macedo - 1988 - Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (1):113-139.
    The authors of Habits of the Heart charge that America is losing the institutions that help “to create the kind of person who could sustain a connection to a wider political community and thus ultimately support the maintenance of free institutions.” Bellah fears that “individualism may have grown cancerous – that it may be destroying those social integuments that Tocqueville saw as moderating its more destructive potentials, that it may be threatening the survival of freedom itself.” Proponents of the liberal (...)
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  26.  13
    Review: Norman M. Martin, Stephen Pollard, Closure Spaces and Logic. [REVIEW]Stephen L. Bloom - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (2):685-686.
  27.  32
    How to Become Unconscious: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 2010 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 67:21-44.
    Consistent materialists are almost bound to suggest that ‘conscious experience’, if it exists at all, is no more than epiphenomenal. A correct understanding of the real requires that everything we do and say is no more than a product of whatever processes are best described by physics, without any privileged place, person, time or scale of action. Consciousness is a myth, or at least a figment. Plotinus was no materialist: for him, it is Soul and Intellect that are more real (...)
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  28.  27
    Non-Personal Minds: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 2003 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 53:185-209.
    Persons are creatures with a range of personal capacities. Most known to us are also people, though nothing in observation or biological theory demands that all and only people are persons, nor even that persons, any more than people, constitute a natural kind. My aim is to consider what non-personal minds are like. Darwin's Earthworms are sensitive, passionate and, in their degree, intelligent. They may even construct maps, embedded in the world they perceive around them, so as to be able (...)
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  29.  23
    Slaves and Citizens: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1985 - Philosophy 60 (231):27-46.
    R. M. Hare has argued 1 that there are conceivable circumstances in which it would be right not to abolish the institution of slavery: in the imaginary land of Juba established slave-plantations are managed by a benevolent elite for the good of all, no ‘cruel or unusual ’ punishments are in use, and citizens of the neighbouring island of Camaica, ‘free ’but impoverished, regularly seek to become slaves. Hare adds that it is unlikely, given human nature, that ‘masters ’would treat (...)
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  30.  25
    Abstract Morality, Concrete Cases: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1987 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 22:35-53.
    Practitioners of disciplines whose problems are debated by moral philosophers regularly complain that the philosophers are engaged in abstract speculation, divorced from ‘real-life’ consequences and responsibilities, that it is the practitioners who must take the decisions, and that they cannot act in accordance with strict abstract logic.
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  31.  75
    Image and Brain: The Resolution of the Imagery Debate.Stephen M. Kosslyn - 1994 - MIT Press.
    This long-awaited work by prominent Harvard psychologist Stephen Kosslyn integrates a twenty-year research program on the nature of high-level vision and mental ...
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  32.  27
    Book Review: Stephen J. Pope, Human Evolution and Christian Ethics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007). Xiii+ 359 Pp.£ 50/US $95 (Hb), ISBN 978-0-521-86340-7. [REVIEW]Stephen R. L. Clark - 2009 - Studies in Christian Ethics 22 (4):506-509.
  33.  23
    Descartes' Debt to Augustine: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1992 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 32:73-88.
    Jonathan Edwards identified the central act of faith as ‘the cordial consent of beings to Being in general’, which is to say to God . That equation, of Being, Truth and God, is rarely taken seriously in analytical circles. My argument will be that this is to neglect the real context of a great deal of past philosophy, particularly the very Cartesian arguments from which so many undergraduate courses begin. All too many students issue from such courses immunized against enthusiasm, (...)
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  34.  23
    The Better Part: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1993 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 35:29-49.
    According to Aristotle, the goal of anyone who is not simply stupid or slavish is to live a worthwhile life. There are, no doubt, people who have no goal at all beyond the moment's pleasure or release from pain. There may be people incapable of reaching any reasoned decision about what to do, and acting on it. But anyone who asks how she should live implicitly agrees that her goal is to live well, to live a life that she can (...)
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  35.  22
    La Contribution de Stephen Clark À la Philosophie Sur Internet.Stephen Clark - 1996 - Horizons Philosophiques 6 (2):95.
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  36.  13
    Tools, Machines and Marvels: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1995 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 38:159-176.
    Technology, according to Derry and Williams's Short History , ‘comprises all that bewilderingly varied body of knowledge and devices by which man progressively masters his natural environment’. Their casual, and unconscious, sexism is not unrelated to my present topic. Women enter the story as spinners, burden bearers and, at long last, typists. ‘The tying of a bundle on the back or the dragging of it along upon the outspread twigs of a convenient branch are contributions [and by implication the only (...)
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  37.  36
    Global Religion: Stephen R. L. Clark.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1994 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 36:113-128.
    The social and environmental problems that we face at this tail end of twentieth-century progress require us to identify some cause, some spirit that transcends the petty limits of our time and place. It is easy to believe that there is no crisis. We have been told too often that the oceans will soon die, the air be poisonous, our energy reserves run dry; that the world will grow warmer, coastlands be flooded and the climate change; that plague, famine and (...)
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  38.  12
    Conferencia del Profesor Stephen Hawking en la ceremonia de apertura del 25 Aniversario de los Premios Príncipe de Asturias.Stephen Hawking - 2005 - Polis 11.
    Tras señalar que la Segunda Ley de la Termodinámica se cumple porque el universo empezó en un estado ordenado, y que para predecir el estado inicial se deben ocupar tanto la relatividad general como la teoría cuántica, Hawking propone que el universo no tiene una sola historia sino todas las historias posibles, cada una con su propia amplitud de probabilidad. Postula que las historias del universo dependen de lo que está siendo medido, al revés de la idea habitual de que (...)
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  39.  69
    Image and Mind.Stephen Michael Kosslyn - 1980 - Harvard University Press.
    The book also introduces a host of new experimental techniques and major hypotheses to guide future research.
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  40. Aboutness.Stephen Yablo - 2014 - Princeton University Press.
    Aboutness has been studied from any number of angles. Brentano made it the defining feature of the mental. Phenomenologists try to pin down the aboutness-features of particular mental states. Materialists sometimes claim to have grounded aboutness in natural regularities. Attempts have even been made, in library science and information theory, to operationalize the notion. But it has played no real role in philosophical semantics. This is surprising; sentences have aboutness-properties if anything does. Aboutness is the first book to examine through (...)
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  41.  30
    Tom Simpson, Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence, & Stephen Stich.Stephen Laurence - 2005 - In Peter Carruthers (ed.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents. New York: Oxford University Press New York. pp. 1--3.
  42. Introduction to Metamathematics.Stephen Cole Kleene - 1952 - Princeton, NJ, USA: North Holland.
    Stephen Cole Kleene was one of the greatest logicians of the twentieth century and this book is the influential textbook he wrote to teach the subject to the next generation. It was first published in 1952, some twenty years after the publication of Godel's paper on the incompleteness of arithmetic, which marked, if not the beginning of modern logic. The 1930s was a time of creativity and ferment in the subject, when the notion of computable moved from the realm (...)
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  43. Krakow Book Forum: Stephen Davies’s The Artful Species.Stephen Davies, Wilfried Van Damme, Ellen Dissanayake, Joseph Carroll, Katja Mellmann & Jerzy Luty - 2020 - Estetika: The European Journal of Aesthetics 51 (1):95.
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  44. The Works of Francis Bacon [Collected by R. Stephens and J. Locker, Publ. By T. Birch].Francis Bacon, Thomas Birch & Robert Stephens - 1765
     
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  45.  3
    The Toulmin Method: Exploration and Controversy : A Festschrift in Honor of Stephen E. Toulmin.Stephen Toulmin & William Edward Tanner - 1991
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  46.  31
    Wittgenstein and Connectionism: A Significant Complementarity?*: Stephen Mills.Stephen Mills - 1993 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 34:137-157.
    Between the later views of Wittgenstein and those of connectionism 1 on the subject of the mastery of language there is an impressively large number of similarities. The task of establishing this claim is carried out in the second section of this paper.
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  47. The Uses of Argument.Stephen E. Toulmin - 1958 - Cambridge University Press.
    A central theme throughout the impressive series of philosophical books and articles Stephen Toulmin has published since 1948 is the way in which assertions and opinions concerning all sorts of topics, brought up in everyday life or in academic research, can be rationally justified. Is there one universal system of norms, by which all sorts of arguments in all sorts of fields must be judged, or must each sort of argument be judged according to its own norms? In The (...)
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  48.  38
    Enseñando a hablar inglés a la filosofía hegeliana Entrevista a Stephen Houlgate.Stephen Houlgate, Max Gottschlich & Leonardo Abramovich - 2017 - Ideas Y Valores 66 (165):373-411.
    RESUMEN Largamente desatendida o malinterpretada, la noción de caos en la filosofía de Nietzsche es una pieza constitutiva de la particular concepción del ser que este autor habría dejado apenas esbozada. El artículo se propone elaborar este concepto en la obra nietzscheana, siguiendo algunas de las metáforas que lo iluminan. Desde allí se busca plantear los rasgos centrales de una ontologia del caos, de sesgo no metafísico, que, al afirmar el carácter acontecimental de la realidad, puede verse como precursora de (...)
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  49.  12
    Community, Diversity, and Civic Education: Toward a Liberal Politicalscience of Group Life*: Stephen Macedo.Stephen Macedo - 1996 - Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (1):240-268.
    Although liberals too often forget it, the health of the liberal publicorder depends on our ability to constitute not only political institutions and limits on power, but appropriate patterns of social lifeand citizen character. Liberal character traits and political virtuesdo not, after all, come about “naturally” or by the deliverance of an “invisible hand.” Even Adam Smith did not think that, as we will see below. Harry Eckstein gets closer to themark by suggesting that “stable governments…are the productof 'accidental' conjunctions (...)
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  50.  25
    Deconstructing the Laws of Logic: Stephen R.L. Clark.Stephen R. Clark - 2008 - Philosophy 83 (1):25-53.
    I consider reasons for questioning ‘the laws of logic’, and suggest that these laws do not accord with everyday reality. Either they are rhetorical tools rather than absolute truths, or else Plato and his successors were right to think that they identify a reality distinct from the ordinary world of experience, and also from the ultimate source of reality.
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