Results for 'Tony Myers'

997 found
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  1.  21
    Slavoj Žižek.Tony Myers - 2003 - New York: Routledge.
    Slavoj Zizek is no ordinary philosopher. Approaching critical theory and psychoanalysis in a recklessly entertaining fashion, Zizek's critical eye alights upon a bewildering and exhilarating range of subjects, from the political apathy of contemporary life, to a joke about the man who thinks he's a chicken, from the ethicial heroism of Keanu Reeves in speed , to what toilet designs reveal about the national psyche. Tony Myers provides a clear and engaging guide to Zizek's key ideas, explaining the (...)
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  2.  15
    Achieving external validity in home advantage research: generalizing crowd noise effects.Tony D. Myers - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  3.  18
    Lyotard and Lacan answering the question: what does Postmodernism want?Tony Myers - 2001 - Paragraph 24 (1):84-98.
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  4. The Epistemic Status of the Imagination.Joshua Myers - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (10):3251-3270.
    Imagination plays a rich epistemic role in our cognitive lives. For example, if I want to learn whether my luggage will fit into the overhead compartment on a plane, I might imagine trying to fit it into the overhead compartment and form a justified belief on the basis of this imagining. But what explains the fact that imagination has the power to justify beliefs, and what is the structure of imaginative justification? In this paper, I answer these questions by arguing (...)
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  5. Reasoning with Imagination.Joshua Myers - 2021 - In Amy Kind & Christopher Badura (eds.), Epistemic Uses of Imagination. Routledge.
    This chapter argues that epistemic uses of the imagination are a sui generis form of reasoning. The argument proceeds in two steps. First, there are imaginings which instantiate the epistemic structure of reasoning. Second, reasoning with imagination is not reducible to reasoning with doxastic states. Thus, the epistemic role of the imagination is that it is a distinctive way of reasoning out what follows from our prior evidence. This view has a number of important implications for the epistemology of the (...)
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  6. Economics and reality.Tony Lawson - 1997 - New York: Routledge.
    There is an increasingly widespread belief, both within and outside the discipline, that modern economics is irrelevant to the understanding of the real world. Economics and Reality traces this irrelevance to the failure of economists to match their methods with their subject, showing that formal, mathematical models are unsuitable to the social realities economists purport to address. Tony Lawson examines the various ways in which mainstream economics is rooted in positivist philosophy and examines the problems this causes. It focuses (...)
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  7. The social animal.David G. Myers - 2011 - In Malcolm A. Jeeves (ed.), Rethinking human nature: a multidisciplinary approach. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans Pub. Co..
     
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  8.  82
    Aristotle on Time: A Study of the Physics.Tony Roark - 2011 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Aristotle's definition of time as 'a number of motion with respect to the before and after' has been branded as patently circular by commentators ranging from Simplicius to W. D. Ross. In this book Tony Roark presents an interpretation of the definition that renders it not only non-circular, but also worthy of serious philosophical scrutiny. He shows how Aristotle developed an account of the nature of time that is inspired by Plato while also thoroughly bound up with Aristotle's sophisticated (...)
  9.  33
    Humanism.Tony Davies - 1997 - New York: Routledge.
    Humanism offers students a clear and lucid introductory guide to the complexities of Humanism, one of the most contentious and divisive of artistic or literary concepts. Showing how the concept has evolved since the Renaissance period, Davies discusses humanism in the context of the rise of Fascism, the onset of World War II, the Holocaust, and their aftermath. Humanism provides basic definitions and concepts, a critique of the religion of humanity, and necessary background on religious, sexual and political themes of (...)
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  10. Clear and Present Thinking: A Handbook in Logic and Rationality.Brendan Myers, Charlene Elsby, Kimberly Baltzer-Jaray & Nola Semczyszyn - 2013 - Northwest Passage Books.
    The product of a Kickstarter fundraising campaign, "Clear and Present Thinking" is a college-level textbook in logic and critical thinking. Chapters: 1. Questions, Problems, and World Views 2. Good and Bad Thinking Habits 3. Basics of Argumentation 4. Fallacies 5. Reasonable Doubt 6. Moral Reasoning In an effort to reduce the cost of education for students, this textbook was funded by over 700 people through the Kickstarter online crowd-funding platform.
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  11.  29
    3 Determined and Free.David G. Myers - 2008 - In John Baer, James C. Kaufman & Roy F. Baumeister (eds.), Are we free?: psychology and free will. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 32.
  12.  27
    Facts and Values.Gerald E. Myers - 1965 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (2):280-281.
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  13. The Structure of Analog Representation.Andrew Y. Lee, Joshua Myers & Gabriel Oak Rabin - 2023 - Noûs 57 (1):209-237.
    This paper develops a theory of analog representation. We first argue that the mark of the analog is to be found in the nature of a representational system’s interpretation function, rather than in its vehicles or contents alone. We then develop the rulebound structure theory of analog representation, according to which analog systems are those that use interpretive rules to map syntactic structural features onto semantic structural features. The theory involves three degree-theoretic measures that capture three independent ways in which (...)
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  14.  26
    Studies in social and legal theories: an historical account of the social, ethical, political, and legal doctrines of the foremost ancient and medieval philosophers.Myer Bernard Barr - 1932 - Littleton, Colo.: F.B. Rothman & Co..
    The author attempted to present the development of legal theories through early & medieval philosophical history.
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  15.  46
    “Following the Way Which Is Called Heresy”: Milton and the Heretical Imperative.Benjamin Myers - 2008 - Journal of the History of Ideas 69 (3):375-393.
    In his prose writings, Milton produces a reinvention of the concept of heresy, and subsequently a theological reinvention of the nature of English society. He envisions a Protestant society united by practices of individual piety and by the “heretical imperative” of autonomous choice. While Milton’s account seeks to eliminate the possibilities of religious violence and state persecution, it leads finally to the same impasse as the Lockean theory: the grounding of a right to toleration on subjective piety necessarily excludes those (...)
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  16.  6
    Thinking the twentieth century.Tony Judt - 2012 - New York: Penguin Press. Edited by Timothy Snyder.
    The name remains: Jewish questioner -- London and language: English writer -- Familial socialism: political Marxist -- King's and kibbutzim: Cambridge Zionist -- Paris, California: French intellectual -- Generation of understanding: East European liberal -- Unities and fragments: European historian -- Age of responsibility: American moralist -- The banality of good: social democrat.
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  17. Do men and women have different philosophical intuitions? Further data.Toni Adleberg, Morgan Thompson & Eddy Nahmias - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (5):615-641.
    To address the underrepresentation of women in philosophy effectively, we must understand the causes of the early loss of women. In this paper we challenge one of the few explanations that has focused on why women might leave philosophy at early stages. Wesley Buckwalter and Stephen Stich offer some evidence that women have different intuitions than men about philosophical thought experiments. We present some concerns about their evidence and we discuss our own study, in which we attempted to replicate their (...)
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  18. Understanding foucault: a critical introduction.Tony Schirato - 2012 - Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. Edited by Geoff Danaher & Jen Webb.
  19.  28
    Mental Simulation: Evaluations and Applications - Reading in Mind and Language.Martin Davies & Tony Stone (eds.) - 1995 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Many philosophers and psychologists argue that out everyday ability to predict and explain the actions and mental states of others is grounded in out possession of a primitive 'folk' psychological theory. Recently however, this theory has come under challenge from the simulation alternative. This alternative view says that human beings are able to predict and explain each other's actions by using the resources of their own minds to simulate the psychological aetiology of the actions of the others. This book and (...)
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  20. After the Philosophy of Mind: Replacing Scholasticism with Science.Tony Chemero & Michael Silberstein - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (1):1-27.
    We provide a taxonomy of the two most important debates in the philosophy of the cognitive and neural sciences. The first debate is over methodological individualism: is the object of the cognitive and neural sciences the brain, the whole animal, or the animal--environment system? The second is over explanatory style: should explanation in cognitive and neural science be reductionist-mechanistic, inter-level mechanistic, or dynamical? After setting out the debates, we discuss the ways in which they are interconnected. Finally, we make some (...)
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  21.  25
    Beyond Nuclear Deterrence: the concept of a retributive policy.David B. Myers - 1987 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (2):135-153.
    ABSTRACT The primary aim of the paper is to apply the concept of retribution to nuclear defence policy. Nuclear defence policy, as I conceive it, is concerned with addressing the threat Soviet nuclear weapons pose for Western security. I argue that, contrary to popular opinion, MAD is not a retributive doctrine—that in fact it violates two constitutive principles of retribution: culpability and proportionality. After explicating these constitutive principles, I apply them to retaliatory strategy—showing that the culpability criterion restricts retaliation to (...)
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  22. Functional properties of a cortical region selective for images of the human body.A. Myers & P. T. Sowden - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 75-75.
     
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  23.  2
    Qabbalah.Isaac Myer - 1888 - New York,: S. Weiser.
  24. New Directions in Metaphysics.Tony Roy & Matthew Davidson - 2012 - In Robert Barnard & Neil Manson (eds.), Continuum Companion to Metaphysics. Continuum Publishing. pp. 268.
    This is an exploration of recent trends in metaphysics, including deflationary and experimental metaphysics.
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  25.  42
    Cambridge social ontology, the philosophical critique of modern economics and social positioning theory: an interview with Tony Lawson, part 2.Tony Lawson & Jamie Morgan - 2021 - Journal of Critical Realism 20 (2):201-237.
    In Part 1 of this wide-ranging interview, Tony Lawson discussed his role in, and relationship to, Critical Realism as well as various defences of mathematical modelling in economics. In Part 2 he t...
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  26.  8
    Ethical basics for the caring professions.Toni Saad - 2023 - The New Bioethics 29 (4):386-389.
    Volume 29, Issue 4, December 2023, Page 386-389.
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  27.  44
    Cambridge social ontology, the philosophical critique of modern economics and social positioning theory: an interview with Tony Lawson, part 1.Tony Lawson & Jamie Morgan - 2020 - Journal of Critical Realism 20 (1):72-97.
    In Part 1 of this wide-ranging interview Tony Lawson first discusses his role in the formation of IACR and how he relates to the generalized use of the term ‘Critical Realism’. He then provides com...
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  28.  84
    Health Research Ethics Committees in South Africa 12 years into democracy.Myer Landon & Moodley Keymanthri - 2007 - BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-8.
    Background Despite the growth of biomedical research in South Africa, there are few insights into the operation of Research Ethics Committees (RECs) in this setting. We investigated the composition, operations and training needs of health RECs in South Africa against the backdrop of national and international guidelines. Methods The 12 major health RECs in South Africa were surveyed using semi-structured questionnaires that investigated the composition and functions of each REC as well as the operational issues facing committees. Results Health RECs (...)
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  29.  7
    When the facts change: essays, 1995-2010.Tony Judt - 2015 - New York: Penguin Press HC, The. Edited by Jennifer Homans.
    In an age in which the lack of independent public intellectuals has often been sorely lamented, the historian Tony Judt played a rare and valuable role, bringing together history and current events, Europe and America, what was and what is with what should be. In When the Facts Change, Tony Judt's widow and fellow historian Jennifer Homans has assembled an essential collection of the most important and influential pieces written in the last fifteen years of Judt's life, the (...)
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  30. Molecular reorientation in liquids.Myer Bloom - 1968 - In Peter Koestenbaum (ed.), Proceedings. [San Jose? Calif.,: [San Jose? Calif.. pp. 65.
     
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  31.  26
    Analytical thought experiments.C. Mason Myers - 1986 - Metaphilosophy 17 (2-3):109-118.
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  32.  76
    Spatial representations in sensory modalities.Tony Cheng - 2022 - Mind and Language 37 (3):485-500.
    Some sensory modalities, such as sight, touch and audition, are arguably spatial, and one way to understand these spatial senses is to investigate spatial representations in them. Here I focus on a specific element in this area— the interplay between perspectival variation and spatial constancy—and discuss recent interdisciplinary works on this topic. With these relevant experimental works, we will see clearly how traditional controversies in philosophy, for example, whether we perceive perspectival shapes as well as objective shapes, and whether any (...)
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  33.  68
    Physicians' Duties and the Non-Identity Problem.Tony Hope & John McMillan - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (8):21 - 29.
    The non-identity problem arises when an intervention or behavior changes the identity of those affected. Delaying pregnancy is an example of such a behavior. The problem is whether and in what ways such changes in identity affect moral considerations. While a great deal has been written about the non-identity problem, relatively little has been written about the implications for physicians and how they should understand their duties. We argue that the non-identity problem can make a crucial moral difference in some (...)
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  34. Post-perceptual confidence and supervaluative matching profile.Tony Cheng - 2022 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 65 (3):249-277.
    ABSTRACT Issues concerning the putative perception/cognition divide are not only age-old, but also resurface in contemporary discussions in various forms. In this paper, I connect a relatively new debate concerning perceptual confidence to the perception/cognition divide. The term ‘perceptual confidence’ is quite common in the empirical literature, but there is an unsettled question about it, namely: are confidence assignments perceptual or post-perceptual? John Morrison in two recent papers puts forward the claim that confidence arises already at the level of perception. (...)
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  35. The social construction of two biologists' articles.Greg Myers - 1993 - In Ellen Messer-Davidow, David R. Shumway & David Sylvan (eds.), Knowledges: historical and critical studies in disciplinarity. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia. pp. 327--367.
  36. Moral Progress: A Process Critique of MacIntyre (review).William T. Myers - 2001 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 15 (3):253-256.
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  37. Afterword.Tony Milligan, Klara Anna Capova, David Dunér & Erik Persson - 2018 - In Klara Anna Capova, Erik Persson, Tony Milligan & David Duner (eds.), Astrobiology and Society in Europe Today. Springer. pp. 55-60.
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  38.  7
    Art and Analysis.G. E. Myers - 1958 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 19 (2):264-265.
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  39.  21
    Reorienting Economics.Tony Lawson - 2003 - Routledge.
    This eagerly anticipated new book from Tony Lawson contends that economics can profit from a more explicit concern with ontology than has been its custom. By admitting that economics is not exactly a picture of health at the moment, Lawson hopes that we can move away from the bafflingly intransigent belief that economics is at its core reliant upon mathematical modelling. This maths-envy is the reason why economics is in a state of such disarray. Far from being a polemic (...)
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  40.  18
    The Nature of Social Reality: Issues in Social Ontology.Tony Lawson - 2019 - Routledge.
    The social sciences often fail to examine in any systematic way the nature of their subject matter. Demonstrating that this is a central explanation of the widely acknowledged failings of the social sciences, not least of modern economics, this book sets about rectifying matters. Providing an account of the nature of social material in general, as well as of the specific natures of central components of the modern world, such as money and the corporation, Lawson also considers the implications of (...)
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  41.  14
    Constructivity in computer science: A summer symposium.J. Paul Myers - 1993 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 58 (3):1097.
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  42. Rescuing Fanon from the critics.Tony Martin - 1999 - In Nigel C. Gibson (ed.), Rethinking Fanon: the continuing dialogue. Amherst, N.Y.: Humanity Books. pp. 83--102.
  43. The Group Polarization Phenomenon.David G. Myers & Helmut Lamm - 1976 - Psychological Bulletin 83 (4):602-627.
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  44.  22
    Michael Wood, In Search of Myths & Heroes.Tony Ullyatt - 2010 - Myth and Symbol 6 (2):44-48.
    Volume 6, Issue 2, November 2010, Page 44-48.
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  45. The Recurrent Model of Bodily Spatial Phenomenology.Tony Cheng & Patrick Haggard - 2018 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 25 (3-4):55-70.
    In this paper, we introduce and defend the recurrent model for understanding bodily spatial phenomenology. While Longo, Azañón and Haggard (2010) propose a bottom-up model, Bermúdez (2017) emphasizes the top-down aspect of the information processing loop. We argue that both are only half of the story. Section 1 intro- duces what the issues are. Section 2 starts by explaining why the top- down, descending direction is necessary with the illustration from the ‘body-based tactile rescaling’ paradigm (de Vignemont, Ehrsson and Haggard, (...)
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  46. Ethics consultation in united states hospitals: A national survey.Ellen Fox, Sarah Myers & Robert A. Pearlman - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):13 – 25.
    Context: Although ethics consultation is commonplace in United States (U.S.) hospitals, descriptive data about this health service are lacking. Objective: To describe the prevalence, practitioners, and processes of ethics consultation in U.S. hospitals. Design: A 56-item phone or questionnaire survey of the "best informant" within each hospital. Participants: Random sample of 600 U.S. general hospitals, stratified by bed size. Results: The response rate was 87.4%. Ethics consultation services (ECSs) were found in 81% of all general hospitals in the U.S., and (...)
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  47.  11
    Self Governance and Cooperation.Robert H. Myers - 1999 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    Robert Myers presents an original moral theory which charts a course between the extremes of consequentialism and contractualism. He puts forward a radically new case for the existence of both agent-neutral and agent-relative values, and gives an innovative answer to the question how such disparate values can be weighed against each other. Practical judgement is shown to be guided in this by two very different ideals: an ideal of cooperation, which is held to shape the content of morality's demands, (...)
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  48. William James: His Life and Thought.Gerald E. Myers - 1987 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 23 (2):309-317.
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  49.  71
    Human development as transcendence of the animal body and the child-animal association in psychological thought.Eugene Olin Myers - 1999 - Society and Animals 7 (2):121-140.
    This paper explores the association of children and animals as an element in Western culture's symbolic universe. Three historical discourses found in the West associate animality with immaturity and growing up with the transcendence of this condition. The discourses differ in how they describe and evaluate the original animal-like condition of the child versus the socialized end product. All, however, tend to distinguish sharply between the human and the nonhuman. This paper explores expressions of this tendency in developmental theories that (...)
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  50.  10
    Western Aesthetics.G. E. Myers - 1958 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 19 (1):125-126.
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