Results for 'history of science'

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  1.  16
    Politics and Modernity: History of the Human Sciences Special Issue.Irving History of the Human Sciences, Robin Velody & Williams - 1993 - SAGE Publications.
    Politics and Modernity provides a critical review of the key interface of contemporary political theory and social theory about the questions of modernity and postmodernity. Review essays offer a broad-ranging assessment of the issues at stake in current debates. Among the works reviewed are those of William Connolly, Anthony Giddens, J[um]urgen Habermas, Alasdair MacIntyre, Richard Rorty, Charles Taylor and Roy Bhaskar. As well as reviewing the contemporary literature, the contributors assess the historical roots of current problems in the works of (...)
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  2. Francis Bacon's Natural Philosophy a New Source, a Transcription of Manuscript Hardwick 72a.Francis Bacon, Graham Rees, Christopher Upton & British Society for the History of Science - 1984 - British Society for the History of Science.
     
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  3. Biology as History Papers From International Conferences Sponsored by the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco and the Museo Civico di Storia Naturale in Milan.Giovanni Pinna, Michael T. Ghiselin, California Academy of Sciences & Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano - 1996 - Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali E Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano.
  4.  31
    Transforming Traditions in American Biology, 1880-1915.Jane Maienschein & Regents' Professor President'S. Professor and Parents Association Professor at the School of Life Sciences and Director Center for Biology and Society Jane Maienschein - 1991
  5.  31
    The History of Science as Oxymoron: From Scientific Exceptionalism to Episcience.Ken Alder - 2013 - Isis 104 (1):88-101.
    ABSTRACT This essay argues that historians of science who seek to embody our oxymoronic self-description must confront both contradictory terms that define our common enterprise—that is, both “history” and “science.” On the history/methods side, it suggests that we embrace the heterogeneity of our institutional arrangements and repudiate the homogeneous disciplinary model sometimes advocated by Thomas Kuhn and followed by art history. This implies that rather than treating the history of science as an end (...)
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  6. History of Science and the Science of History.Maria Turchetto - 1993 - In E. Ann Kaplan & Michael Sprinker (eds.), The Althusserian legacy. New York: Verso. pp. 73.
    I am proposing here an examination o f the text Reading Capital, written by Louis Althusser in 1965. I will consider it as a text in the history o f philosophy. In Reading Capital Althusser explicitly asks which philosophy provides the basis, the foundation, for Marx’s scientific work? In this sense, Reading Capital is, at the same time, a text in the history o f philosophy and a text in the philosophy o f science. In research on (...)
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  7. What Has History of Science to Do with History of Philosophy?Tad M. Schmaltz - 2013 - In Mogens Laerke, Justin E. H. Smith & Eric Schliesser (eds.), Philosophy and Its History: Aims and Methods in the Study of Early Modern Philosophy. New York, US: Oxford University Press USA.
    In this chapter I consider the relation of history of philosophy to the history of science. I argue that though these two disciplines are naturally linked, they also have special commitments that distinguish each from the other. I begin with the history of the history of science, a discipline that was once allied with philosophy of science but that has increasingly evolved toward social history. Then I consider the debate over whether the (...)
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  8.  8
    History of Science During the Cold War Under the Microscope.Dalia Báthory - 2018 - History of Communism in Europe 9:7-12.
    The general post-communist perspective of historiography on the Cold War era is that the world was divided into two blocs, so different and isolated from one another that there was no interaction between them whatsoever. As revisionist literature is expanding, the uncovered data indicates a far more complex reality, with a dynamic East-West exchange of goods, money, information, human resources, and technology, be it formal or informal, official or underground, institutional or personal. The current volume History of Communism in (...)
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  9. Philosophy of Science and History of Science: A Productive Engagement.Eric Palmer - 1991 - Dissertation, University of California, San Diego
    Philosophy of science and history of science both have a significant relation to science itself; but what is their relation to each other? That question has been a focal point of philosophical and historical work throughout the second half of this century. An analysis and review of the progress made in dealing with this question, and especially that made in philosophy, is the focus of this thesis. Chapter one concerns logical positivist and empiricist approaches to philosophy (...)
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  10.  54
    History of science-with labs.Douglas Allchin, Elizabeth Anthony, Jack Bristol, Alan Dean, David Hall & Carl Lieb - 1999 - Science & Education 8 (6):619-632.
    We describe here an interdisciplinary lab science course for non-majors using the history of science as a curricular guide. Our experience with diverse instructors underscores the importance of the teachers and classroom dynamics, beyond the curriculum. Moreover, the institutional political context is central: are courses for non-majors valued and is support given to instructors to innovate? Two sample projects are profiled.
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  11.  28
    Using History of Science to Teach Nature of Science to Elementary Students.Valarie Akerson, Heidi Masters & Khadija Fouad - 2015 - Science & Education 24 (9-10):1103-1140.
    Science lessons using inquiry only or history of science with inquiry were used for explicit reflective nature of science instruction for second-, third-, and fourth-grade students randomly assigned to receive one of the treatments. Students in both groups improved in their understanding of creative NOS, tentative NOS, empirical NOS, and subjective NOS as measured using VNOS-D as pre- and post-test surveys. Social and cultural context of science was not accessible for the students. Students in second, (...)
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  12. Kuhn and the History of Science.K. Brad Wray - 2019 - In M. Fricker, N. J. L. L. Pedersen, D. Henderson & P. J. Graham (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Social Epistemology. Routledge. pp. 40-48.
    The article examines Thomas Kuhn's work in the history of science with special attention to its relevance to subsequent developments in social epistemology. The article begins with a discussion of Kuhn's historical work, and the so-called historical turn in philosophy of science. It then examines Kuhn's views on textbook science, followed by an analysis of Kuhn's views on the relationship between the history of science and the philosophy of science. Then it discusses Kuhn's (...)
     
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  13.  7
    History of science in Central and Eastern Europe : Studies from Poland, Hungary, and Croatia.Mitchell G. Ash - 2021 - Centaurus 63 (3):546-552.
    The article introduces a special section about history of science in Central and Eastern Europe before and after the fall of Communism, and sketches a conceptual framework within which the three papers in the section can be understood together. This introduction provides information about the workshop from which the papers were recruited, and continues with more general considerations on the nationalization of scientific knowledge in the territories of the Habsburg empire and its successor states. In the second half (...)
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  14.  82
    A History of Science and its Relations with Philosophy & Religion.William Dampier - 1929 - London: Cambridge University Press.
    This famous book, first published in 1929 was considerably revised and enlarged in its fourth edition, which is being reprinted now.
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  15.  19
    Guest Editorial: History of Science in Italy.Ferdinando Abbri & Paolo Rossi - 1986 - Isis 77:212-218.
  16.  11
    Guest Editorial: History of Science in Italy.Ferdinando Abbri & Paolo Rossi - 1986 - Isis 77 (2):213-218.
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  17.  19
    Naming the Principles in Democritus: An Epistemological Problem.Literature Enrico PiergiacomiCorresponding authorDepartement of - forthcoming - Apeiron.
    Objective Apeiron was founded in 1966 and has developed into one of the oldest and most distinguished journals dedicated to the study of ancient philosophy, ancient science, and, in particular, of problems that concern both fields. Apeiron is committed to publishing high-quality research papers in these areas of ancient Greco-Roman intellectual history; it also welcomes submission of articles dealing with the reception of ancient philosophical and scientific ideas in the later western tradition. The journal appears quarterly. Articles are (...)
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  18. History of Science and Its Rational Reconstructions.Imre Lakatos - 1970 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1970:91-136.
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  19.  59
    History of Science and its Sociological Reconstructions.Steven Shapin - 1982 - History of Science 20 (3):157-211.
  20. The History of Science as a Graveyard of Theories: A Philosophers’ Myth?Moti Mizrahi - 2016 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 30 (3):263-278.
    According to the antirealist argument known as the pessimistic induction, the history of science is a graveyard of dead scientific theories and abandoned theoretical posits. Support for this pessimistic picture of the history of science usually comes from a few case histories, such as the demise of the phlogiston theory and the abandonment of caloric as the substance of heat. In this article, I wish to take a new approach to examining the ‘history of (...) as a graveyard of theories’ picture. Using JSTOR Data for Research and Springer Exemplar, I present new lines of evidence that are at odds with this pessimistic picture of the history of science. When rigorously tested against the historical record of science, I submit, the pessimistic picture of the history of science as a graveyard of dead theories and abandoned posits may turn out to be no more than a philosophers’ myth. (shrink)
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  21.  7
    Cultural History of Science: An Overview with Reflections.Peter Dear - 1995 - Science, Technology and Human Values 20 (2):150-170.
    The increased popularity of the label "cultural" within science studies, especially in relation to "cultural studies, " invites consideration of how it is and can be used in historical work. A lot more seems now to be invested in the notion of "cultural history. " This article examines some recent historiography of science as a means of considering what counts as cultural history in that domain and attempts to coordinate it with the sociologically informed studies of (...)
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  22.  31
    Translating History of Science Books into Chinese: Why? Which Ones? How?Zhang Butian - 2018 - Isis 109 (4):782-788.
    To understand the qualities of Western civilization and its modernity, to think about the future of humanity, and to understand how modern science was gestated in Western civilization: in the author’s view, these are the most important reasons to do history of science research in China. Study of the history of Western science in China is in its infancy, and there are great deficiencies leading to its lagging behind the international world of scholarship. In this (...)
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  23.  16
    The History of Science and the Enterprise of Philosophy: A Prelude to Partnership.Joseph T. Clark - 1964 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 38:23.
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  24.  39
    The history of science and the introduction of plant genetics in Mexico.Echeverría A. Barahona & Robles A. L. Gaona - 2000 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (1):151-162.
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  25.  8
    The History of Science in European Countries-Croatia.Biserka Belicza - forthcoming - History of Science.
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  26. History of science and its rational reconstructions.Imre Lakatos - 1971 - In R. C. Buck & R. S. Cohen (eds.), PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association. D. Reidel. pp. 91-108.
  27.  7
    Expanding Horizons in the History of Science.G. E. R. Lloyd - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book challenges the common assumption that the predominant focus of the history of science should be the achievements of Western scientists since the so-called Scientific Revolution. The conceptual frameworks within which the members of earlier societies and of modern indigenous groups worked admittedly pose severe problems for our understanding. But rather than dismiss them on the grounds that they are incommensurable with our own and to that extent unintelligible, we should see them as offering opportunities for us (...)
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  28.  14
    History of Science in Russia: The IIET in Moscow and St. Petersburg.Dimitri A. Bayuk - 2014 - Centaurus 56 (4):205-228.
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  29. "The History of Science. Origins and Results of the Scientific Revolution." A Symposium.A. C. Crombie - 1952 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 3 ([9/12]):279.
  30.  32
    History of Science and History of Philologies.Lorraine Daston & Glenn W. Most - 2015 - Isis 106 (2):378-390.
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  31.  52
    The History of Science and the History of Microscopy.Ann La Berge - 1999 - Perspectives on Science 7 (1):111-142.
    These three books illustrate some key themes in the history of science and the history of microscopy. First is a new enthusiasm among some historians and philosophers of science to embrace the history of microscopy as an area worthy of study, a recognized area of investigation for the historian and philosopher of science. In so doing these historians have redefined the subject area from the more traditional and much researched history of microscopes, with (...)
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  32. History of Science in the Epistemological Work of Gaston Bachelard.Georges Canguilhem - 2008 - Filozofski Vestnik 29 (3):43-54.
     
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  33.  10
    The History of Education in Europe.History of Education Society - 2007 - Routledge.
    There is a common tradition in European education going back to the Middle Ages which long played a part in providing the curriculum of schools which catered both for the wealthy and for able sons of less well-to-do families. Originally published in 1974, this volume examines the relationship between education and society in the different countries of Europe from which differences in tradition and practice emerge. The countries discussed include: France, Germany, the former Soviet Union, Poland and Sweden.
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  34.  30
    History of science in the National Science Curriculum: a critical review of resources and their aims.Stephen Pumfrey - 1991 - British Journal for the History of Science 24 (1):61-78.
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  35. Criticism and the history of science: Kuhn's, Lakatos's, and Feyerabend's criticisms of critical rationalism.Gunnar Andersson - 1994 - New York: E.J. Brill.
    In "Criticism and the History of Science" Karl Popper's falsificationist conception of science is developed and defended against criticisms raised by Thomas ...
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  36.  20
    Policraticus: of the frivolities of courtiers and the footprints of philosophers.John of Salisbury - 1990 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Cary J. Nederman.
    John of Salisbury (c. 1115-1180) was the foremost political theorist of his age. He was trained in scholastic theology and philosophy at Paris, and his writings are invaluable for summarizing many of the metaphysical speculations of his time. The Policraticus is his main work, and is regarded as the first complete work of political theory to be written in the Latin Middle Ages. Cary Nederman's new edition and translation, currently the only version available in English, is primarily aimed at undergraduate (...)
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  37.  17
    Medicine, 1450–1620, and the History of Science.Nancy G. Siraisi - 2012 - Isis 103 (3):491-514.
    ABSTRACT History of science and history of medicine are today largely organized as distinct disciplines, though ones widely recognized as interrelated. Attempts to evaluate the extent and nature of their relation have reached varying conclusions, depending in part on the historical period under consideration. This essay examines some characteristics of European medicine from the fifteenth to the early seventeenth century and considers their relevance for the history of science. Attention is given to the range of (...)
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  38.  19
    History of Science in a National Context.Maurice Crosland - 1977 - British Journal for the History of Science 10 (2):95-113.
    The history of science can be approached in several different ways. It may be studied, as in the classification once favoured in the long-established Department of History and Philosophy of Science at University College London, by considering separately the history of individual sciences: physics, chemistry, biology, etc.—Partington's monumental History of chemistry is a good example of the cross-section of history of science obtained by considering a single discipline. This approach is understandable when (...)
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  39.  11
    Local Studies and the History of Education.History of Education Society - 2007 - Routledge.
    Originally published in 1972, this book is concerned with education as part of a larger social history. Chapters include: The roots of Anglican supremacy in English education The Board schools of London The use of ecclesiastical records for the history of education Topographical resources: private and secondary education from the sixteenth to the twentieth century.
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  40.  30
    Comparative History of Science.Lewis Pyenson - 2002 - History of Science 40 (1):1-33.
  41.  51
    History of Science as Interdisciplinary Education in American Colleges: Its Origins, Advantages, and Pitfalls.Paula Viterbo - 2007 - Journal of Research Practice 3 (2):Article M16.
    Before 1950, history of science did not exist as an independent academic branch, but was instead pursued by practitioners across various humanities and scientific disciplines. After professionalization, traces of its prehistory as a cross-disciplinary area of interest bound to an interdisciplinary, educational philosophy have remained. This essay outlines the development of history of science as an interdisciplinary academic field, and argues that it constitutes an obvious choice for inclusion in an interdisciplinary academic program, provided faculty and (...)
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  42.  23
    From the History of Science to the History of Knowledge - and Back.Jürgen Renn - 2015 - Centaurus 57 (1):37-53.
    The history of science can be better understood against the background of a history of knowledge comprising not only theoretical but also intuitive and practical knowledge. This widening of scope necessitates a more concise definition of the concept of knowledge, relating its cognitive to its material and social dimensions. The history of knowledge comprises the history of institutions in which knowledge is produced and transmitted. This is an essential but hitherto neglected aspect of cultural evolution. (...)
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  43.  11
    History of science in Hungary: Stewardship and audience in periods of institutional and political change.Gábor Á Zemplén - 2021 - Centaurus 63 (3):585-602.
  44.  8
    Histories of Sciences and their uses.Laudan Rachel - 1993 - History of Science 31 (1):1-34.
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  45. Counterfactual Histories of Science and the Contingency Thesis.Luca Tambolo - 2016 - In Lorenzo Magnani & Claudia Casadio (eds.), Model Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. Logical, Epistemological, and Cognitive Issues. Springer Verlag. pp. 619-637.
    Within the debate on the inevitability versus contingency of science for which Hacking’s writings have provided the basic terminology, the devising of counterfactual histories of science is widely assumed by champions of the contingency thesis to be an effective way to challenge the inevitability thesis. However, relatively little attention has been devoted to the problem of how to defend counterfactual history of science against the criticism that it is too speculative an endeavor to be worth bothering (...)
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  46.  20
    History of Science in an Elegiac Mode: E. A. Burtt's Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science Revisited.Lorraine Daston - 1991 - Isis 82 (3):522-531.
  47. Criticism and the History of Science. Kuhn's, Lakatos's and Feyerabend's Criticisms of Critical Rationalism.[author unknown] - 1998 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 29 (1):133-135.
     
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  48.  6
    History of Science-As it is and as it Ought to be.Joseph Agassi - 1963 - History and Theory 2:12-14.
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  49.  14
    The History of Science Society: Report of the St. Louis meeting 1936.H. Brown - 1936 - Annals of Science 1 (2):233-234.
  50.  29
    History of Science and the Practices of Experiment.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2001 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (1):51 - 63.
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